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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623931/associations-between-thromboxane-a-synthase-1-gene-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-in-a-chinese-han-population
#1
Lei Li, Zhi-Yi He, Yan-Zhe Wang, Xu Liu, Li-Ying Yuan
Thromboxane A synthase 1 (TBXAS1) catalyses the synthesis of thromboxane A2 (TXA2), which plays an important role in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke. Thus, the TBXAS1 gene was investigated as a candidate gene involved in the formation of atherosclerosis. This case-control study collected peripheral blood specimens and clinical data of 370 ischemic stroke patients and 340 healthy controls in the Northern Chinese Han population from October 2010 to May 2011. Two TBXAS1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms, rs2267682 and rs10487667, were analyzed using a SNaPshot Multiplex sequencing assay to explore the relationships between the single-nucleotide polymorphisms in TBXAS1 and ischemic stroke...
March 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555597/oxygenation-of-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-oxidative-stress-within-blood-platelets
#2
REVIEW
Michel Lagarde, Michel Guichardant, Nathalie Bernoud-Hubac, Catherine Calzada, Evelyne Véricel
The oxygenation metabolism of arachidonic acid (ArA) has been early described in blood platelets, in particular with its conversion into the potent labile thromboxane A2 that induces platelet aggregation and vascular smooth muscle cells contraction. In addition, the primary prostaglandins D2 and E2 have been mainly reported as inhibitors of platelet function. The platelet 12-lipoxygenase (12-LOX) product, i.e. the hydroperoxide 12-HpETE, appears to stimulate platelet ArA metabolism at the level of its release from membrane phospholipids through phospholipase A2 (cPLA2 ) and cyclooxygenase (COX-1) activities, the first enzymes in prostanoid production cascade...
March 16, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512148/eicosanoids-in-platelets-and-the-effect-of-their-modulation-by-aspirin-in-the-cardiovascular-system-and-beyond
#3
REVIEW
Marilena Crescente, Laura Menke, Melissa V Chan, Paul C Armstrong, Timothy D Warner
Platelets are important players in thrombosis and haemostasis with their function being modulated by mediators in the blood and the vascular wall. Among these, eicosanoids can both stimulate or inhibit platelet reactivity. Platelet cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 generated thromboxane (TX) A2 is the primary prostanoid that stimulates platelet aggregation; its action is counter-balanced by prostaglandin (PG)I2 (prostacyclin), a product of vascular COX. PGD2 , PGE2 , 12- hydroxyeicosatraenoic acid (HETE) or 15-HETE, are other prostanoid modulators of platelet activity, but some also play a role in carcinogenesis...
March 7, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509372/lipid-derivatives-of-arachidonic-acid-used-as-markers-of-atherosclerotic-plaque-instability-a-pilot-study
#4
Aleksander Falkowski, Iwona Gorący, Mariusz Kaczmarczyk, Marcin Szemitko, Hubert Bogacki, Julia Kostka
BACKGROUND: To compare the results of computer estimation of atherosclerotic plaque with biochemical data and ascertain any relationship with the occurrence of stroke. METHODS: The study involved 20 atherosclerotic plaques causing 70-99% stenosis of internal carotid arteries (ICA). Ultrasonographic examination (USG) images of plaques were analyzed using a computer program. A histogram was obtained for each plaque and a gray scale median (GSM) was determined for each histogram in order to measure the echogenicity of an examined plaque...
March 6, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509264/efficacy-of-inhalational-sevoflurane-anesthesia-induction-on-inhibiting-the-stress-response-to-endotracheal-intubation-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#5
C-H Wang, J Luo, J Li, J-Z Zhang, S-Y Huang, W Shao, H-S Ma
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of inhalational sevoflurane anesthesia induction on inhibiting the stress response to endotracheal intubation in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty ASA physical status I/II pediatric patients scheduled for interventricular septal defect repair or interatrial septal defect repair, were randomly divided into two groups (20 each): intravenous induction group (Group C) and inhalational sevoflurane anesthesia induction group (Group D)...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483877/participation-of-arachidonic-acid-metabolism-in-the-aortic-aneurysm-formation-in-patients-with-marfan-syndrome
#6
María E Soto, Verónica Guarner-Lans, Karla Y Herrera-Morales, Israel Pérez-Torres
Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a pleiotropic genetic disease involving the cardiovascular system where a fibrillin-1 mutation is present. This mutation is associated with accelerated activation of transforming growth factor β (TGFβ1) which contributes to the formation of aneurysms in the root of the aorta. There is an imbalance in the synthesis of thromboxane A2 (TXA2 ) and prostacyclin, that is a consequence of a differential protein expression of the isoforms of cyclooxygenases (COXs), suggesting an alteration of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477033/involvement-of-thromboxane-a-2-in-interleukin-31-induced-itch-associated-response-in-mice
#7
Tsugunobu Andoh, Sikai Li, Daisuke Uta
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic and severe pruritic skin disease. Interlukin-31 (IL-31) has been recently demonstrated to be one of the key pruritogens in atopic dermatitis. However, the mechanisms underlying IL-31-induced itching remains unclear. In our previous study, we have shown that thromboxane (TX) A2 is involved in itch-associated responses in mice with atopy-like skin diseases. METHODS: IL-31 was given intradermally into the rostral back of ICR mice and the hind-paw scratching to the injection site were counted...
October 5, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425800/influence-of-the-selective-cox-2-inhibitor-celecoxib-on-sex-differences-in-blood-pressure-and-albuminuria-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#8
Ahmed A Elmarakby, Mohamed Katary, Jennifer S Pollock, Jennifer C Sullivan
We previously reported that female spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) have greater cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in the renal medulla and enhanced urinary excretion of prostaglandin (PG) E2 (PGE2) metabolites compared to male SHR. Based on the role of COX-2-derived prostanoids in the regulation of cardiovascular health, the aim of the current study was to test the hypothesis that blood pressure (BP) in female SHR is more sensitive to COX-2 inhibition than in males. Seven week old male and female SHR were implanted with telemetry transmitters for continuous BP recording...
February 6, 2018: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412230/protective-effect-of-dexmedetomidine-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rabbits
#9
Jianjun Ren, Changfa Li, Yan Liu, Haitao Liu, Zhenming Dong
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of dexmedetomidine on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in rabbits. METHODS: Twenty-four New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into two equal-sized groups: IRI group (group IR) and dexmedetomidine group (group D). Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR), left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), left ventricular diastolic pressure (LVDP), +dp/dtmax, -dp/dtmax, and t-dp/dtmax were recorded and calculated at the following time points: before (T0) and after (T1) dexmedetomidine infusion, after 30-min ischemia (T2), and after 120-min reperfusion (T3)...
January 2018: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399191/effects-of-flurbiprofen-on-serum-level-of-interleukin-6-prostacyclin-and-corticosteroid-a2-in-patients-with-bone-metastases-of-cancer
#10
Yanwei Yin, Yusheng Yi, Junmin Yu, Xiuming Sun, Chuansheng Liu, Fenghe Xu
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of flurbiprofen on serum level of interleukin-6 (IL-6), prostacyclin (PGI2) and corticosteroid A2 (TXA2) in patients with bone metastases of cancer. A total of 210 patients with bone metastasis of cancer were randomly divided into two groups: Flurbiprofen axetil analgesia group (group A) and dezocine analgesia group (group B), 105 cases in each group. The analgesic effect was evaluated using visual analogue scale (VAS) scoring system at 1, 12, 24 and 48 h after treatment...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378362/inhibitory-effects-of-an-orally-active-thromboxane-a2-receptor-antagonist-nstpbp5185-on-atherosclerosis-in-apoe-deficient-mice
#11
Shiu-Wen Huang, Jin-Cherng Lien, Sheng-Chu Kuo, Tur-Fu Huang
Thromboxane A2 (TXA2) activation of TP receptor has been shown contributing to the progression and acute complications of atherosclerosis including endothelial dysfunction, platelet hyperactivity and inflammation. Growing evidence suggests that TP receptor may represent as a therapeutic target in atherosclerosis and related cardiovascular diseases. We investigated whether nstpbp5185, an orally active TP receptor antagonist, exhibits protective effects against atherosclerotic progression. Nstpbp5185 and aspirin were orally administered daily for 12 weeks in high-cholesterol-fed ApoE-deficient mice to examine their anti-atherosclerosis effects...
February 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374184/creating-a-mouse-model-resistant-to-induced-ischemic-stroke-and-cardiovascular-damage
#12
Qing-Lan Ling, Anita J Mohite, Emma Murdoch, Hironari Akasaka, Qun-Ying Li, Shui-Ping So, Ke-He Ruan
Vascular prostanoids, isomerized from an intermediate prostaglandin (PG), H2, produced by cyclooxygenase (COX), exert various effects on the vascular system, both protective and destructive. During endothelial dysfunction, vascular protector prostacyclin/prostaglandin I2 (PGI2) is decreased, while inflammatory PGE2 and thrombotic TXA2 are increased. Therefore, our research aim was to reverse the event by controlling PGH2 metabolism by generating an in vivo model via enzymatic engineering of COX-1 and prostacyclin synthase (PGIS)...
January 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364918/riociguat-versus-sildenafil-on-hypoxic-pulmonary-vasoconstriction-and-ventilation-perfusion-matching
#13
Virginia Chamorro, Daniel Morales-Cano, Javier Milara, Bianca Barreira, Laura Moreno, María Callejo, Gema Mondejar-Parreño, Sergio Esquivel-Ruiz, Julio Cortijo, Ángel Cogolludo, Joan A Barberá, Francisco Perez-Vizcaino
INTRODUCTION: Current treatment with vasodilators for pulmonary hypertension associated with respiratory diseases is limited by their inhibitory effect on hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) and uncoupling effects on ventilation-perfusion (V'/Q'). Hypoxia is also a well-known modulator of the nitric oxide (NO) pathway, and may therefore differentially affect the responses to phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitors and soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) stimulators. So far, the effects of the sGC stimulator riociguat on HPV have been poorly characterized...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297721/mucor-circinelloides-induces-platelet-aggregation-through-integrin-%C3%AE-iib%C3%AE-3-and-fc%C3%AE-riia
#14
Harlene Ghuman, Alicia Shepherd-Roberts, Stephanie Watson, Malou Zuidscherwoude, Steve P Watson, Kerstin Voelz
Thrombosis is a hallmark of the fatal fungal infection mucormycosis. Yet, the platelet activation pathway in response to mucormycetes is unknown. In this study we determined the platelet aggregation potential of Mucor circinelloides (M. circinelloides) NRRL3631, characterized the signaling pathway facilitating aggregation in response to fungal spores, and identified the influence of the spore developmental stage upon platelet aggregation potential. Using impedance and light-transmission aggregometry, we showed that M...
January 3, 2018: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296928/coordination-of-platelet-agonist-signaling-during-the-hemostatic-response-in-vivo
#15
Jian Shen, Sara Sampietro, Jie Wu, Juan Tang, Shuchi Gupta, Chelsea N Matzko, Chaojun Tang, Ying Yu, Lawrence F Brass, Li Zhu, Timothy J Stalker
The local microenvironment within an evolving hemostatic plug shapes the distribution of soluble platelet agonists, resulting in a gradient of platelet activation. We previously showed that thrombin activity at a site of vascular injury is spatially restricted, resulting in robust activation of a subpopulation of platelets in the hemostatic plug core. In contrast, adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP)/P2Y12 signaling contributes to the accumulation of partially activated, loosely packed platelets in a shell overlying the core...
December 26, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258493/antiplatelet-mechanism-of-an-herbal-mixture-prepared-from-the-extracts-of-phyllostachys-pubescens-leaves-and-prunus-mume-fruits
#16
Eunjung Son, Seung-Hyung Kim, Won-Kyung Yang, Dong-Seon Kim, Jimin Cha
BACKGROUND: Bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) leaves and Japanese apricot (Mume fructus) fruit are traditionally recognized to be safe herbs broadly used for food and medicinal purposes in Southeast Asia. Our group previously explored their antiplatelet effects. This study was designed to confirm inhibition effects of PM21 (a 2:1 mixture of bamboo leaf extract and Japanese apricot fruit extract) on platelet aggregation and evaluate its potency to use as an herbal remedy to prevent and/or treat the diseases caused by platelet aggregation and thrombus formation...
December 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251519/impairment-of-amyloid-precursor-protein-alpha-processing-in-cerebral-microvessels-of-type-1-diabetic-mice
#17
Tongrong He, Ruohan Sun, Anantha Vr Santhanam, Livius V d'Uscio, Tong Lu, Zvonimir S Katusic
The mechanisms underlying dysfunction of cerebral microvasculature induced by type 1 diabetes (T1D) are not fully understood. We hypothesized that in cerebral microvascular endothelium, α-processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) is impaired by T1D. In cerebral microvessels derived from streptozotocin (STZ)-induced T1D mice protein levels of APP and its α-processing enzyme, a disintegrin and metalloprotease 10 (ADAM10) were significantly decreased, along with down-regulation of adenylate cyclase 3 (AC3) and enhanced production of thromboxane A2 (TXA2 )...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247478/chinese-medicine-tongxinluo-capsule-alleviates-cerebral-microcirculatory-disturbances-in-ischemic-stroke-by-modulating-vascular-endothelial-function-and-inhibiting-leukocyte-endothelial-cell-interactions-in-mice-a-two-photon-laser-scanning-microscopy-study
#18
Shen Liu, Cong Wei, Ning Kang, Qilong He, Junqing Liang, Hongtao Wang, Liping Chang, Daohong Chen, Qiuyan Zhang, Chengcheng Chang, Junfang Zhang, Hong Ren, Yiling Wu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of TXL, a Chinese medicine prescription, on cerebral microcirculatory disturbances after pMCAO in mice using TPLSM and further explore the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Adlut male C57BL/6J mice were subjected to pMCAO and orally administered with TXL (3.0, 1.5 and 0.75 g/kg/d) at 1, 3, and 21 hours after pMCAO. The following parameters were examined at 6 and 24 hours after pMCAO: neurological deficits, infarct volume, BBB permeability, cerebral microvessel structure, brain microcirculation (TPLSM imaging), vasoactive factors, and adhesion molecules...
February 2018: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221961/prevalence-of-high-on-treatment-aspirin-and-clopidogrel-platelet-reactivity-in-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia
#19
Leonardo C Clavijo, Noor Al-Asady, Ashwat Dhillon, Ray V Matthews, Jorge Caro, Han Tun, Vincent Rowe, David M Shavelle
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study is to establish the prevalence of high on-treatment platelet reactivity to aspirin (HPRA) and clopidogrel (HPRC) in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). BACKGROUND: CLI is associated with an increased risk of death and cardiovascular events. Unlike other patient populations with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, previous studies failed to demonstrate a benefit of antiplatelet therapy in patients with CLI. METHODS: From June 2014 to November 2016, we performed platelet reactivity studies for P2Y12 and thromboxane A2 (TXA2) inhibition in 100 CLI patients receiving daily treatment with aspirin and clopidogrel...
October 28, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216624/sildenafil-viagra%C3%A2-prevents-cox-1-txa2-pathway-mediated-vascular-hypercontractility-in-apoe-mice
#20
Marcos A S Leal, Ananda T Dias, Marcella L Porto, Bruna F Brun, Agata L Gava, Silvana S Meyrelles, José Gil-Longo, Manuel Campos-Toimil, Thiago M C Pereira, Elisardo C Vasquez
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The atherosclerotic apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE-/-) mouse exhibits impaired vasodilation and enhanced vasoconstriction responsiveness. The objectives of this study were: a) to determine the relative contribution of cyclooxygenases (Cox-1 and Cox-2), thromboxane A2 (TXA2) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) to enhancing vascular hyperresponsiveness in this model of atherosclerosis and b) to investigate the beneficial effects of the phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor sildenafil on this endothelial dysfunction...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
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