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March 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
(no author information available yet)
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October 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
Danièle Pacaud, Anke Schwandt, Carine de Beaufort, Kristina Casteels, Jacques Beltrand, Niels H Birkebaek, Myrna Campagnoli, Natasa Bratina, Catarina Limbert, Stephen Mp O'Riordan, Rogério Ribeiro, Andriani Gerasimidi-Vazeou, Lenka Petruzelkova, Rasa Verkauskiene, Iveta Dzivite Krisane
BACKGROUND: Although type 1 diabetes (T1D) remains the most frequent form of diabetes in individuals aged less than 20 years at onset, other forms of diabetes are being increasingly recognized. OBJECTIVES: To describe the population of children with other forms of diabetes (non-type 1) included in the multinational SWEET (Better control in Pediatric and Adolescent diabeteS: Working to crEate CEnTers of Reference) database for children with diabetes. METHODS: Cases entered in the SWEET database are identified by their physician as T1D, type 2 diabetes (T2D) and other types of diabetes according to the ISPAD classification...
October 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
Eleanor R Gunn, Benjamin B Albert, Paul L Hofman, Wayne S Cutfield, Alistair J Gunn, Craig A Jefferies
BACKGROUND: There has been little change in the incidence of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in children and adolescents in most developed countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess potentially modifiable antecedents of DKA in children <15 years of age with new onset T1DM. METHODS: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data from a complete regional cohort of children with T1DM in Auckland (New Zealand) from 2010 to 2014...
October 11, 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
Sébastien Colson, José Côté, Stéphanie Gentile, Valérie Hamel, Cédric Sapuppo, Pilar Ramirez-Garcia, Rachel Reynaud, Marie-Claude Lagouanelle-Simeoni
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to describe the content of recent diabetes education programs and their outcomes in terms of glycemic control, disease management, and psychosocial criteria for children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes and (2) to gauge the match between these programs and the recommendations of the International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD). METHODS: The integrative review was carried out according to the Cochrane recommendations...
October 2016: Diabetes Educator
A Wever, B G Schickenberg-Werrij, J Willems, N C Schaper, D A Schott
BACKGROUND: The ISPAD guideline 2011/2014 advises annual podiatric screening to detect foot complications and identify other possible risk factors such as functional and structural foot abnormalities. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and awareness of neurovascular, functional and structural foot abnormalities in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). METHODS: All patients aged 0-18 years with T1DM were invited for a foot examination and structured questionnaire by a certified podiatrist...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Majedah A Rasoul, Maria Al-Mahdi, Hessa Al-Kandari, Gursev S Dhaunsi, Mohammad Z Haider
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is highly prevalent in Kuwait with incidence of around 40.1/100,000 individuals. Evidence indicate that vitamin D plays an important role in modulating the immune system and could thus impact the onset and high prevalence of T1DM. We report serum vitamin D levels in Kuwaiti children with T1DM and non-diabetic controls to explore its relationship with prevalence and onset of the disease. METHODS: This study included 216 Kuwaiti Arab children with T1DM...
July 16, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Mahsa Madani-Hosseini, Catherine N Mulligan, Suzelle Barrington
In-Storage-Psychrophilic-Anaerobic-Digestion (ISPAD) is an ambient temperature treatment system for wastewaters stored for over 100days under temperate climates, which produces a nitrogen rich digestate susceptible to ammonia (NH3) volatilization. Present acidification techniques reducing NH3 volatilization are not only expensive and with secondary environmental effects, but do not apply to ISPAD relying on batch-to-batch inoculation. The objectives of this study were to identify and validate sequential organic loading (OL) strategies producing imbalances in acidogen and methanogen growth, acidifying ISPAD content one week before emptying to a pH of 6, while also preserving the inoculation potential...
June 2016: Waste Management
Birgit Rami-Merhar, Elke Fröhlich-Reiterer, Sabine E Hofer
In contrast to adults diabetes mellitus type 1 (DMT1) is the most frequent form of diabetes mellitus during childhood and adolescence (> 95 %). After diagnosis, the management of these DMT1-patients should take place in specialized pediatric units, not in a primary care setting.The lifelong substitution of insulin is the cornerstone of therapy, the form of insulin-therapy should be adapted according to the age of the patient. Diabetes education is also an essential part in the management of diabetes patients and their families...
April 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Esmeralda Colino, María Martín-Frías, Rosa Yelmo, M Ángeles Álvarez, Belén Roldán, Raquel Barrio
AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion (CSII) in a pediatric cohort and to determine if the ISPAD/IDF/ADA criteria for good metabolic control are achieved during long periods of time. METHODS: Retrospective longitudinal study including ninety patients [10.5 (6.5-13.9) years of age, 58% males]. Age at debut, type 1 diabetes mellitus duration, pubertal stage, HbA1c, insulin dose, mean number of glycemic controls, number of basal rates, % basal/total insulin, severe hypoglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis events were analyzed...
March 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
N Gluschenko, Kh Vasylyshyn, A Roschupkin, S Lekishvili, O Gladchenko
The aim of this paper is to investigate the content of chromium, cobalt and nickel in serum and erythrocytes in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus, depending on the level of glycemic control. The study was conducted on 68 children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. The patients were divided into four groups based on glycemic control. Group I was composed of 9 children with optimal level of glycemic control. Group II - 25 children with suboptimal level of glycemic control. Group III - 34 children with a high risk to life level of glycemic control...
January 2016: Georgian Medical News
Stefano Zucchini, Andrea E Scaramuzza, Riccardo Bonfanti, Pietro Buono, Francesca Cardella, Vittoria Cauvin, Valentino Cherubini, Giovanni Chiari, Giuseppe d'Annunzio, Anna Paola Frongia, Dario Iafusco, Giulio Maltoni, Ippolita Patrizia Patera, Sonia Toni, Stefano Tumini, Ivana Rabbone
We conducted a retrospective survey in pediatric centers belonging to the Italian Society for Pediatric Diabetology and Endocrinology. The following data were collected for all new-onset diabetes patients aged 0-18 years: DKA (pH < 7.30), severe DKA (pH < 7.1), DKA in preschool children, DKA treatment according to ISPAD protocol, type of rehydrating solution used, bicarbonates use, and amount of insulin infused. Records (n = 2453) of children with newly diagnosed diabetes were collected from 68/77 centers (87%), 39 of which are tertiary referral centers, the majority of whom (n = 1536, 89...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: Pediatric Diabetes
Ida Margrethe Bach Oester, Julie Tonsgaard Kloppenborg, Birthe Susanne Olsen, Jesper Johannesen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The global increase in childhood obesity has in some countries been followed by an increase in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); however, the prevalence of T2DM among Danish children and adolescents is currently unknown. The aims of this cross-sectional study were to determine the prevalence of T2DM in children and adolescents in Denmark together with status on treatment, metabolic control, and late diabetic complications. METHODS: Individuals were identified in the Danish Registry for Diabetes in Children and Adolescents (DanDiabKids), and clinical information regarding these was obtained from the respective pediatric departments...
August 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
Craig Jefferies, Samuel W Cutfield, José G B Derraik, Jignal Bhagvandas, Benjamin B Albert, Paul L Hofman, Alistair J Gunn, Wayne S Cutfield
We assessed the incidence of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in children aged <15 years with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in the Auckland Region (New Zealand) in 1999-2013, in a retrospective review of a complete regional cohort. DKA and its severity were classified according to ISPAD 2014 guidelines. Of 730 children presenting with new-onset T1DM over the 15-year time period, 195 cases had DKA of any severity (27%). There was no change in the incidence of DKA or the proportion of children with severe DKA at presentation...
2015: Scientific Reports
Daniel S Hsia, Sarah G Tarai, Amir Alimi, Jorge A Coss-Bu, Morey W Haymond
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) 6 yrs before and 6 yrs after changing rehydration fluids from ½ normal saline to Lactated Ringer's and decreasing the total intended fluid volume administered in the first 24 hrs from 3500 mL/m(2) /d to ≤ 2500 mL/m(2) /d at Texas Children's Hospital (TCH) in response to recommendations by the ESPE, LWPES, and ISPAD in 2004. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in which 1868 admissions for DKA were identified and reviewed...
August 2015: Pediatric Diabetes
Constanza Mosso, Victoria Halabi, Tamara Ortiz, Maria Isabel Hodgson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess dietary intake, nutritional status, body composition, and physical activity level in a group of Chilean children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), compare these parameters with the recommendations of the International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD), and determine the relationships between dietary intake, body composition, and diabetes control. METHODS: A total of 30 patients with T1DM (aged 15...
July 2015: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Petter Bjornstad, Laura Pyle, Nhung Nguyen, Janet K Snell-Bergeon, Franziska K Bishop, R Paul Wadwa, David M Maahs
OBJECTIVE: Most youth with type 1 diabetes do not meet the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD) targets for hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), blood pressure (BP), lipids, and body mass index (BMI). We hypothesized that ISPAD/ADA goal achievement at baseline would be associated with cardiorenal risk factors at baseline and 2 yr follow-up in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: We assessed the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between ISPAD/ADA goal achievement at baseline and cardiorenal health at baseline and 2-yr follow-up (n = 297; 15...
February 2015: Pediatric Diabetes
Patricia Enes, María Martín-Frías, Ma Ángeles Álvarez, Rosa Yelmo, Milagros Alonso, Raquel Barrio
AIM: The "T1D Exchange Clinic Registry" of 13.316 pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) in U.S. recently revealed that most children have HbA1c values above target levels established by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD). The aim of this study is to assess the proportion of youngsters with T1D who meet the internationally accepted targets for good metabolic control of diabetes at a single, referral Pediatric Diabetes Center in Spain...
February 2015: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
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