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Diabetes in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655008/complications-of-diabetes-diagnosed-in-children-and-adolescents-reply
#1
Dana Dabelea, Ralph D'Agostino, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655005/complications-of-diabetes-diagnosed-in-children-and-adolescents
#2
Maria Carolina Ibanez-Bruron, Ameenat Lola Solebo, Jugnoo Sangeeta Rahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655004/complications-of-diabetes-diagnosed-in-children-and-adolescents
#3
Shiqiao Peng, Chenyan Li, Xuren Sun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652651/molecular-mimicry-in-helicobacter-pylori-infections
#4
REVIEW
Magdalena Chmiela, Weronika Gonciarz
Gram-negative bacteria Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) colonize gastric mucosa in humans and increase the risk of serious diseases such as gastric and duodenal ulcers, stomach cancers and mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. The role of H. pylori infection in the pathogenesis of several extragastric diseases has been suggested including immune thrombocytopenic purpura, iron deficiency anemia, vitamin D deficiency, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus and dermatological disorders. Also neurological diseases and even lung cancer have attracted researchers concern...
June 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651798/cycling-to-school-and-body-composition-physical-fitness-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Antonio García-Hermoso, Cesar Agostinis-Sobrinho, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Deisy Constanza Amaya-Tambo, Emilio Villa-González
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between cycling to/from school and body composition, physical fitness, and metabolic syndrome among a sample of Colombian children and adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: During the 2014-2015 school year, we examined a cross-sectional component of the Association for muscular strength with early manifestation of cardiovascular disease risk factors among Colombian children and adolescents (FUPRECOL) study. Participants included 2877 youths (54...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650578/intake-of-energy-and-protein-is-associated-with-overweight-risk-at-age-5-5-years-results-from-the-prospective-teddy-study
#6
Andreas Beyerlein, Ulla M Uusitalo, Suvi M Virtanen, Kendra Vehik, Jimin Yang, Christiane Winkler, Mathilde Kersting, Sibylle Koletzko, Desmond Schatz, Carin Andrén Aronsson, Helena Elding Larsson, Jeffrey P Krischer, Anette-G Ziegler, Jill M Norris, Sandra Hummel
OBJECTIVE: The associations of energy, protein, carbohydrate, and fat intake with weight status up to the age of 5.5 years were prospectively assessed in The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study. METHODS: Food record data (over 3 days) and BMI measurements between 0.25 and 5.5 years were available from 5,563 children with an increased genetic risk for type 1 diabetes followed from shortly after birth. Odds ratios (ORs) were calculated for overweight and obesity by previous intake of energy, protein, carbohydrate, and fat with adjustment for potential confounders...
June 26, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647946/current-strategies-in-nutrition-education-to-optimize-glycemic-management-for-children-with-diabetes
#7
Francesca Annan
Recent developments in the understanding of the impact of dietary quality and meal composition are driving changes in the education provided to children and young people about nutrition and lifestyle management of Type 1 Diabetes (T1D). Nutrition education is moving beyond carbohydrate counting and insulin adjustment to acknowledging the influence of whole food choices on glycemic outcomes.
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647944/management-of-type-1-diabetes-in-children-in-the-first-5-years-of-life
#8
Melissa Rearson, Susan Sullivan-Bolyai
A significant increase in children <6 years of age being diagnosed with type 1 diabetes (T1D) is occurring. The parents (caregivers) of these children have full responsibility for the complex and individualized management while having to deal with the emotional stress of caring for a child with a chronic condition. This article will provide a summary of the diagnosis and recommended medical treatment for this special age group of children. Also presented will be common day-to-day family management issues for health care providers to consider as they provide care for this most common endocrine chronic condition...
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646072/genetic-and-environmental-interactions-modify-the-risk-of-diabetes-related-autoimmunity-by-6-years-of-age-the-teddy-study
#9
Jeffrey P Krischer, Kristian F Lynch, Åke Lernmark, William A Hagopian, Marian J Rewers, Jin-Xiong She, Jorma Toppari, Anette-G Ziegler, Beena Akolkar
OBJECTIVE: We tested the associations between genetic background and selected environmental exposures with respect to islet autoantibodies and type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Infants with HLA-DR high-risk genotypes were prospectively followed for diabetes-related autoantibodies. SNPs came from the Illumina ImmunoChip and environmental exposure data were by parental report. Children were followed to age 6 years. RESULTS: Insulin autoantibodies occurred earlier than GAD antibody (GADA) and then declined, while GADA incidence rose and remained constant (significant in HLA-DR4 but not in the DR3/3 children)...
June 23, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643062/loss-of-medicaid-insurance-after-successful-bariatric-surgery-an-unintended-outcome
#10
J Hunter Mehaffey, Eric J Charles, Irving L Kron, Bruce Schirmer, Peter T Hallowell
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery leads to dramatic weight loss and improved overall health, which may affect insurance status for certain patients. Traditional Medicaid provides coverage for children, pregnant women, and disabled adults, while expanded Medicaid provides insurance coverage to all adults with incomes up to 138% of the federal poverty level. We hypothesized that successful bariatric surgery would lead to improved health status but an unintended loss of Medicaid coverage. METHODS: All patients who underwent bariatric surgery at a single institution in a non-expansion state from 1985 through 2015 were identified using a prospectively collected database...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640907/accelerometer-measured-levels-of-moderate-to-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Rabha Elmesmari, John J Reilly, Anne Martin, James Y Paton
CONTEXT: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time (ST) are important for child and adolescent health. OBJECTIVE: To examine habitual levels of accelerometer measured MVPA and ST in children and adolescents with chronic disease, and how these levels compare with healthy peers. METHODS: Data sources: An extensive search was carried out in Medline, Cochrane library, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus and CINAHL from 2000-2017. Study selection: Studies with accelerometer-measured MVPA and/or ST (at least 3 days and 6 hours/day to provide estimates of habitual levels) in children 0-19 years of age with chronic diseases but without co-morbidities that would present major impediments to physical activity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640379/comparative-and-correlative-assessments-of-cytokine-complement-and-antibody-patterns-in-pediatric-type-1-diabetes
#12
M Abdel-Latif, A A Abdel-Moneim, M H El-Hefnawy, R G Khalil
One of the most widespread and effective environmental factors is the infection with enteroviruses (EVs) which accelerate β - cell destruction in type 1 diabetes (T1D). This study represented a comparison between diabetic EV(+) and EV- children as well as correlation analysis between autoantibodies, T1D markers, cytokines, complement activation products and anti- coxsackievirus (CV) IgG. EV RNA was detected in Egyptian children with T1D (26.2%) and healthy controls (0%). Detection of anti - CV IgG in T1D - EV(+) resulted in 64% positivity...
June 22, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640151/a-case-report-of-hyperosmolar-hyperglycemic-state-in-a-7-year-old-child-an-unusual-presentation-of-first-appearance-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Young Min Cho, Byung Sung Park, Min Jae Kang
RATIONALE: A hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS) is a rare presentation of a hyperglycemic crisis in children with diabetes mellitus. As this condition can be fatal and has high morbidity, early recognition and proper management are necessary for a better outcome. Here, we report a rare case of HHS as the first presentation of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in a 7-year-old girl. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was admitted due to polyuria and weight loss in the past few days...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639319/diet-physical-activity-and-behavioural-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-overweight-or-obese-children-from-the-age-of-6-to-11-years
#14
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Tamara Brown, Karen Rees, Liane B Azevedo, Victoria Whittaker, Dan Jones, Joan Olajide, Giulia M Mainardi, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Elizabeth Beardsmore, Lena Al-Khudairy, Louise Baur, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Alessandro Demaio, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent overweight and obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. This is an update of a Cochrane review published first in 2003, and updated previously in 2009. However, the update has now been split into six reviews addressing different childhood obesity treatments at different ages. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions (behaviour-changing interventions) for the treatment of overweight or obese children aged 6 to 11 years...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639064/whole-lipid-profile-and-not-only-hdl-cholesterol-is-impaired-in-children-with-coexisting-type-1-diabetes-and-untreated-celiac-disease
#15
Silvana Salardi, Giulio Maltoni, Stefano Zucchini, Dario Iafusco, Angela Zanfardino, Santino Confetto, Sonia Toni, Maximiliano Zioutas, Marco Marigliano, Vittoria Cauvin, Roberto Franceschi, Ivana Rabbone, Barbara Predieri, Riccardo Schiaffini, Alessandro Salvatoni
AIMS: Low HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) levels have been described in patients with coexisting type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and celiac disease (CD). Data on other possible lipid abnormalities that could further increase cardiovascular risk in these patients are scarce and incomplete. Aim of this retrospective multicenter study was to evaluate whole lipid profiles, besides HDL-C, in children with T1DM associated with biopsy-proven CD, and to investigate the influence of age and degree of adherence to gluten-free diet (GFD) on lipid changes...
June 21, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636758/fetal-overnutrition-and-offspring-insulin-resistance-and-%C3%AE-cell-function-the-exploring-perinatal-outcomes-among-children-epoch-study
#16
K A Sauder, C W Hockett, B M Ringham, D H Glueck, D Dabelea
AIMS: To examine the associations of intrauterine exposure to maternal diabetes and obesity with offspring insulin resistance, β-cell function and oral disposition index in a longitudinal observational study of ethnically diverse offspring. METHODS: A total of 445 offspring who were exposed (n=81) or not exposed (n=364) to maternal diabetes in utero completed two fasting blood measurements at mean (sd) ages of 10.5 (1.5) and 16.5 (1.2) years, respectively, and an oral glucose tolerance test at the second visit...
June 21, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635082/targeting-risk-factors-for-type-2-diabetes-in-american-indian-youth-the-tribal-turning-point-pilot-study
#17
K A Sauder, D Dabelea, R Bailey-Callahan, S Kanott Lambert, J Powell, R James, C Percy, B F Jenks, L Testaverde, J M Thomas, R Barber, J Smiley, C W Hockett, V W Zhong, L Letourneau, K Moore, A M Delamater, E Mayer-Davis
BACKGROUND: American Indian (AI) youth are at high risk for type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To partner with Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians and Navajo Nation to develop a culturally sensitive behavioural intervention for youth (Tribal Turning Point; TTP) and assess feasibility in an 8-month randomized pilot study. METHODS: We enrolled 62 overweight/obese AI children (7-10 years) who participated with ≥1 parent/primary caregiver. Intervention participants (n = 29) attended 12 group classes and five individual sessions...
June 21, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632874/screening-for-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#18
David C Grossman, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Susan J Curry, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Based on year 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts, approximately 17% of children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years in the United States have obesity, and almost 32% of children and adolescents are overweight or have obesity. Obesity in children and adolescents is associated with morbidity such as mental health and psychological issues, asthma, obstructive sleep apnea, orthopedic problems, and adverse cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes (eg, high blood pressure, abnormal lipid levels, and insulin resistance)...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632336/serious-life-events-and-the-risk-of-latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-lada-and-type-2-diabetes
#19
B Rasouli, T Andersson, P-O Carlsson, R Hjort, J E Löfvenborg, M Martinell, L Groop, T Tuomi, S Carlsson
AIM: It has been suggested that experiencing serious life events may promote Type 1 diabetes in children. Studies in adults are lacking, as are studies on the interaction of life events with genetic factors. We aimed to investigate life events and the risk of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) and Type 2 diabetes while taking into account HLA genotype. METHODS: Analysis was based on 425 incident cases of LADA, 1417 incident cases of Type 2 diabetes and 1702 population-based controls recruited in Sweden between 2010 and 2016...
June 20, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628802/metabolic-control-and-periodontal-treatment-decreases-elevated-oxidative-stress-in-the-early-phases-of-type-1-diabetes-onset
#20
Cüneyt A Aral, Özlem Nalbantoğlu, Bilge G Nur, Mustafa Altunsoy, Kübra Aral
OBJECTIVE: Recently, increasing concern has been focused on the contribution of oxidative stress in the pathology of periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus. Firstly, the present study aimed to analyze gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), salivary, and serum oxidative status in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) at diagnosis and systemically healthy children with and without gingivitis. Additionally, the diabetic patients were reevaluated after diabetes and periodontal treatment...
June 12, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
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