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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217241/myocardial-protection-in-mitral-valve-surgery-comparison-between-minimally-invasive-approach-and-standard-sternotomy
#1
Jean-Sébastien Lebon, Pierre Couture, Annik Fortier, Antoine G Rochon, Christian Ayoub, Claudia Viens, Éric Laliberté, Denis Bouchard, Michel Pellerin, Alain Deschamps
OBJECTIVE: To compare antegrade and retrograde cardioplegia administration in minimally invasive mitral valve surgery (MIMS) and open mitral valve surgery (OMS) for myocardial protection. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 118 patients undergoing MIMS and 118 patients undergoing OMS. INTERVENTIONS: The data of patients admitted for MIMS from 2006 to 2010 were reviewed...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208617/stigma-towards-mental-illness-among-medical-and-nursing-students-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Sherilyn Chang, Hui Lin Ong, Esmond Seow, Boon Yiang Chua, Edimansyah Abdin, Ellaisha Samari, Wen Lin Teh, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
OBJECTIVES: To assess stigma towards people with mental illness among Singapore medical and nursing students using the Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC), and to examine the relationship of students' stigmatising attitudes with sociodemographic and education factors. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted in Singapore PARTICIPANTS: The study was conducted among 1002 healthcare (502 medical and 500 nursing) students during April to September 2016...
December 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174862/clinical-implications-of-taste-thresholds-in-patients-with-odontogenic-maxillary-sinusitis
#3
T Tsuji, S Tanaka, Y Nishide, M Kogo, T Yamamoto
Patients with odontogenic maxillary sinusitis (OMS) often complain of reduced taste sensitivity as well as nasal obstruction. The filter paper disc method (the conventional gustatory test) was applied to nine patients who underwent sinus surgery to open the inferior nasal meatus and sinus drainage, on three different days: 1day prior to surgery, 7days postoperative, and 28days postoperative. The same test was applied to nine non-clinical participants with or without clipping the nose to interfere with smooth nasal airflow on two different days...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169785/-parental-alienation-child-psychological-abuse-and-dsm-5
#4
P Bensussan
Psychiatric experts find it is easier to deal with more horrible crimes than highly conflictual divorces. In the former, projections are impossible and "files" raise very interesting issues with regard to criminology; in contrast, in the latter the expert is confronted not just with a family but also and lest one forget, a couple that at one point in time had loved each other. However, the separation resembles a bloodbath. We will not detail the various psychiatric pathologies, which may further complicate a separation: they are well-known and, on a procedural level, do not raise any specific concerns...
November 20, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162572/protocol-a-cluster-randomised-control-trial-study-exploring-stigmatisation-and-recovery-based-perspectives-regarding-mental-illness-and-substance-use-problems-among-primary-healthcare-providers-across-toronto-ontario
#5
Akwatu Khenti, Robert Mann, Jaime C Sapag, Sireesha J Bobbili, Emily K Lentinello, Mark van der Maas, Branka Agic, Hayley Hamilton, Heather Stuart, Scott Patten, Marcos Sanches, Patrick Corrigan
INTRODUCTION: Primary care settings are often the first and only point of contact for persons with mental health and/or substance use problems. However, staff experience and training in this area are often limited. These factors as well as a multitude of other components such as structural and systemic stigma experienced by staff can lead to clients being stigmatised, leading to poorer outcomes. By developing a comprehensive intervention for primary care staff working at community health centres (CHCs) aimed at reducing stigma towards people with mental health and substance use problems (MHSUP), we sought to test an innovative and contact-based intervention consisting of staff training, raising awareness, a recovery-focused art programme and an analysis of internal policies and procedures...
November 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152432/acute-changes-in-mentation-in-a-patient-with-hepatic-cirrhosis-treated-with-high-doses-of-dexamethasone
#6
Luis Dabul, Andrew Droney, Juan Oms, Marcos A Sanchez-Gonzalez
Despite the anti-inflammatory benefits of steroids in the management of multiple medical conditions, they are associated with undesired metabolic and psychiatric side effects. We present a case of a 57-year-old Hispanic man with hepatic cirrhosis due to hepatitis C and no past medical history of psychiatric illnesses who became delirious after treatment with high doses of intravenous Dexamethasone. The patient presented to Larkin Community Hospital, USA with complaints of lower back pain requiring treatment with steroids for severe lumbar central canal stenosis...
September 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142779/-comparative-analysis-of-grade-i-vs-grade-ii-intracranial-meningiomas-in-a-retrospective-series-of-63-patients
#7
Federico Coppola, Juan Iaconis Campbell, Juan Manuel Herrero, Emilio Volpe, Tito Cersosimo
Objective: We aimed to demonstrate the differences between grade I and II (OMS classification) of intracranial meningiomas. We evaluate their location, Simpson resection grade, re-operations rate, adjuvant treatment and patient outcomes. Methods: We conduct a retrospective review of Sixty- three clinical records of patients who were diagnosed with meningiomas grade I and II (OMS) between 2009-2015 and received surgical treatment at our Hospital. We evaluated different variables such as age, sex, histological type, Simpson grade resection, location, symptoms, radiotherapy, follow-up, mortality rate and patient outcome...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135842/genomic-profiles-of-neuroblastoma-associated-with-opsoclonus-myoclonus-syndrome
#8
Barbara Hero, Nathalie Clement, Ingrid Øra, Gaelle Pierron, Eve Lapouble, Jessica Theissen, Claudia Pasqualini, Dominique Valteau-Couanet, Dominique Plantaz, Jean Michon, Olivier Delattre, Marc Tardieu, Gudrun Schleiermacher
Opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome (OMS), often called "dancing eyed syndrome," is a rare neurological condition associated with neuroblastoma in the majority of all childhood cases. Genomic copy number profiles have shown to be of prognostic significance for neuroblastoma patients. The aim of this retrospective multicenter study was to analyze the genomic copy number profiles of tumors from children with neuroblastoma presenting with OMS at diagnosis. In 44 cases of neuroblastoma associated with OMS, overall genomic profiling by either array-comparative genomic hybridization or single nucleotide polymorphism array proved successful in 91% of the cases, distinguishing tumors harboring segmental chromosome alterations from those with numerical chromosome alterations only...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131841/determining-the-effectiveness-of-a-video-based-contact-intervention-in-improving-attitudes-of-penang-primary-care-nurses-towards-people-with-mental-illness
#9
Yin Ping Ng, Abdul Rashid, Finian O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Mental illness-related stigma is common, and is associated with poorer outcomes in people with mental illness. This study evaluated the attitudes of primary care nurses towards people with mental illness and its associated factors; and the effectiveness of a short video-based contact intervention (VBCI) in improving these attitudes using a Malay version of the 15-item Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Healthcare Providers (OMS-HC-15-M). METHODS: A 5-minute VBCI was developed comprising elements of psychoeducation and interviews of people with mental illness and the people they interact with, relating to experience of mental illness and recovery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097138/does-length-of-intubation-before-tracheostomy-affect-intensive-care-unit-length-of-stay
#10
Shaun R Young, Gary F Bouloux, Sebastian D Perez, Shelly Abramowicz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if length of intubation before tracheotomy (LIT) affects length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU). STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective case series of patients who had open tracheotomies at Grady Memorial Hospital by the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMS) service. Medical records were reviewed to document patient demographic characteristics, etiology for ventilator dependence, and complications. The primary predictor variable was LIT and primary outcome variable was length of stay in ICU after tracheotomy...
September 27, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082773/size-distribution-and-clinico-radiological-signs-of-aggressiveness-in-odontogenic-myxoma-three-dimensional-analysis-and-systematic-review
#11
Martin Kauke, Ali-Farid Safi, Matthias Kreppel, Andrea Grandoch, Hans-Joachim Nickenig, Joachim E Zöller, Timo Dreiseidler
OBJECTIVES: Therapeutic assessment of odontogenic myxoma (OM) is poorly standardized. Unidimensional size criteria have shown to be unreliable in therapeutic decision-making. We evaluate the size distribution of OM and scan for associated clinico-radiological signs of aggressiveness. Additionally, we evaluate three-dimensional size delineation of OM, aiming to improve future therapeutic assessment of this destructive neoplasm. METHODS: Primarily, we reviewed the database "PubMed" for data concerning the size of OMs as radiologically determined...
October 30, 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074258/polyhydroxylated-azetidine-iminosugars-synthesis-glycosidase-inhibitory-activity-and-molecular-docking-studies
#12
Pravin P Lawande, Vyankat A Sontakke, Navanath M Kumbhar, Tanay R Bhagwat, Sougata Ghosh, Vaishali S Shinde
An efficient and practical strategy for the synthesis of unknown azetidine iminosugars (2S,3R,4S)-2-((R)-1,2-dihydroxyethyl)-3-hydroxy-4-(hydroxymethyl)azetidine 2, (2S,3r,4R)-3-hydroxy-2,4-bis(hydroxymethyl)azetidine 3 and (2S,3R,4S)-3-hydroxy-4-(hydroxymethyl)-N-methylazetidine-2-carboxylic acid 4, starting from the d-glucose has been reported. The methodology involves preparation of the 3-amino-N-benzyloxycarbonyl-3-deoxy-6-O-tert-butyldimethylsillyl-1,2-O-isopropylidene-α-d-glucofuranose 9, which was converted to the C-5-OMs derivative 11...
October 14, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035505/high-oxygen-reduction-reaction-performances-of-cathode-materials-combining-polyoxometalates-coordination-complexes-and-carboneous-supports
#13
Shuangshuang Zhang, Olivier Oms, Long Hao, Rongji Liu, Meng Wang, Yaqin Zhang, Hong-Yan He, Anne Dolbecq, Jérôme Marrot, Bineta Keita, Linjie Zhi, Pierre Mialane, Bin Li, Guangjin Zhang
A series of carbonaceous-supported precious-metal-free polyoxometalate (POM)-based composites which can be easily synthesized on a large scale was shown to act as efficient cathode materials for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in neutral or basic media via a four-electron mechanism with high durability. Moreover, exploiting the versatility of the considered system, its activity was optimized by the judicious choice of the 3d metals incorporated in the {(PW9)2M7} (M = Co, Ni) POM core, the POM counterions and the support (thermalized triazine-based frameworks (TTFs), fluorine-doped TTF (TTF-F), reduced graphene oxide, or carbon Vulcan XC-72...
November 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016927/clinical-use-of-pregabalin-in-general-practice-in-catalonia-spain-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#14
Montserrat Viñas-Bastart, Míriam Oms-Arias, Àfrica Pedraza-Gutiérrez, Irene Lizano-Díez, Pilar Modamio, Eduardo L Mariño
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of use of pregabalin and the appropriateness of treatment, so that interventions could be designed to improve various clinical approaches to the use of pregabalin to include unlicensed indications. Design: A descriptive, cross-sectional, multicenter study was performed between April 2014 and January 2015. Setting: Fifty-three primary health care centers covering 1,250,000 inhabitants...
July 17, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991699/microglial-macrophage-markers-chi3l1-scd14-and-scd163-in-csf-and-serum-of-pediatric-inflammatory-and-non-inflammatory-neurological-disorders-a-case-control-study-and-reference-ranges
#15
Michael R Pranzatelli, Elizabeth D Tate, Nathan R McGee
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of microglia and macrophages in neuroinflammatory disorders in children via biomarkers, and establish control reference ranges. METHODS: In an IRB-approved case-control study of 98 children, the concentrations of CSF/serum CHI3L1, sCD14, and sCD163 were measured by ELISA. Groups were controls (non-inflammatory neurological disorders, NIND, n=37), opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS, n=37), and other inflammatory neurological disorders (OIND, n=24)...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988639/can-we-keep-the-md-program-within-reach-of-oms
#16
EDITORIAL
Mark Engelstad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971571/clinicopathological-features-of-neuroblastic-tumors-with-opsoclonus-myoclonus-ataxia-syndrome-follicular-structure-predicts-a-better-neurological-outcome
#17
Hiroko Fukushima, Takeshi Inoue, Yuichi Takama, Naomi Ishii, Takahiro Okuno, Yasutsugu Kobayashi, Akihiro Yoneda, Tetsuro Nakamura, Ichiro Kuki, Junichi Hara
Neuroblastic tumors (NT) with opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS) display characteristic histological features, such as lymphocytic infiltration with lymphoid follicles, indicating an underlying immune response. We retrospectively assessed NT patients from 2001 to 2016. Five cases of NT with OMS and 76 cases of NT without OMS were histopathologically reviewed in this study. The grade of lymphocytic infiltration was evaluated. The number of follicles was counted and the presence or absence of lymphoid follicles was recorded for each case...
October 2017: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969666/why-we-don-t-want-another-synthesis
#18
Arlin Stoltzfus
High-level debates in evolutionary biology often treat the Modern Synthesis as a framework of population genetics, or as an intellectual lineage with a changing distribution of beliefs. Unfortunately, these flexible notions, used to negotiate decades of innovations, are now thoroughly detached from their historical roots in the original Modern Synthesis (OMS), a falsifiable scientific theory. The OMS held that evolution can be adequately understood as a process of smooth adaptive change by shifting the frequencies of small-effect alleles at many loci simultaneously, without the direct involvement of new mutations...
October 2, 2017: Biology Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959231/demographic-clinical-and-immunologic-features-of-389-children-with-opsoclonus-myoclonus-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Michael R Pranzatelli, Elizabeth D Tate, Nathan R McGee
Pediatric-onset opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS) is a devastating neuroinflammatory, often paraneoplastic, disorder. The objective was to characterize demographic, clinical, and immunologic aspects in the largest cohort reported to date. Cross-sectional data were collected on 389 children in an IRB-approved, observational study at the National Pediatric Myoclonus Center. Non-parametric statistical analysis was used. OMS manifested in major racial/ethnic groups, paralleling US population densities. Median onset age was 1...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957743/monodisperse-manganese-oxide-nanoparticles-synthesis-characterization-and-chemical-reactivity
#20
Tetsuro Soejima, Kazuki Nishizawa, Ryosuke Isoda
Highly monodisperse amorphous manganese oxide (MnOx) nanospheres with diameter of ca. 300nm have been obtained from ammonia aqueous solution of KMnO4 at room temperature. The amorphous MnOx nanospheres successfully converted to monodisperse K-OMS-2 (cryptomelane) and K-OMS-2/Mn2O3 nanoraspberries through calcination process at 600 and 800°C, respectively. Analyzing the structure of such amorphous MnOx has been a challenge because fewer reports are available to examine amorphous structure. Thus, shape, crystallinity, and structure of the amorphous and crystalline MnOx nanostructures were characterized in detail by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetry/differential thermal analysis (TG/DTA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution TEM (HRTEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
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