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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806538/surgical-safety-checklists-are-underutilized-in-ambulatory-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#1
Archana Viswanath, Andras Balint, Robert E Johnson, Morton B Rosenberg, Daniel Oreadi
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine attitudes toward and the prevalence of using a surgical safety checklist in ambulatory oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors designed and implemented a cross-sectional study and enrolled a random sample of oral and maxillofacial surgeons. The predictor variable was years removed from residency. The primary outcome was the prevalence of surgical safety checklist usage in ambulatory OMS practice...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777341/a-multiscale-material-testing-system-for-in-situ-optical-and-electron-microscopes-and-its-application
#2
Xuan Ye, Zhiguo Cui, Huajun Fang, Xide Li
We report a novel material testing system (MTS) that uses hierarchical designs for in-situ mechanical characterization of multiscale materials. This MTS is adaptable for use in optical microscopes (OMs) and scanning electron microscopes (SEMs). The system consists of a microscale material testing module (m-MTM) and a nanoscale material testing module (n-MTM). The MTS can measure mechanical properties of materials with characteristic lengths ranging from millimeters to tens of nanometers, while load capacity can vary from several hundred micronewtons to several nanonewtons...
August 4, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771056/ocular-motor-function-in-children-with-spastic-hemiplegia-evaluated-by-the-ocular-motor-score
#3
A Rydberg, J Ygge, M Olsson
PURPOSE: To assess the ocular motor functions in children with spastic hemiplegia by using the Ocular Motor Score (OMS). MATERIAL: This study included 34 children, median age 11 years. The children were divided into 3 groups according to the underlying brain lesion; group 1 malformations, group 2 white matter damage of immaturity (WMDI), and group 3 cortical/subcortical lesions. METHODS: The OMS protocol consists of 15 different subtests evaluating ocular motor functions...
August 3, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759091/fundamentals-for-an-osteopathic-obesity-designed-study-the-effects-of-education-on-osteopathic-medical-students-attitudes-regarding-obesity
#4
Gregory G Gayer, Jennifer Weiss, Michael Clearfield
Context: Obesity is a major health concern in the United States, and its prevalence continues to rise. Although it is a common health issue, many people, including health care professionals, are biased against people with obesity. Objective: To determine whether a comprehensive obesity curriculum presented to students in medical school can positively influence their attitudes toward obesity. Methods: The study was designed around a comprehensive educational obesity curriculum at Touro University College of Osteopathic Medicine-CA, involving the classes of 2013 through 2018...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747279/portable-objective-assessment-of-upper-extremity-motor-function-in-parkinson-s-disease
#5
L M Chahine, L Uribe, P Hogarth, J McNames, A Siderowf, K Marek, D Jennings
INTRODUCTION: Objective, portable measures of motor function for out-of-office assessments are needed in Parkinson's Disease (PD). This study had 3 objectives. First, to examine change in objective motor measurements in PD (as assessed with the Objective PD Measurement (OPDM) system). Second, to correlate objective measures with clinical features and putative PD cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and dopaminergic imaging biomarkers. Third, to assess participant compliance with and perceptions of serial in-home motor assessments...
July 19, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747050/density-gradation-of-open-metal-sites-in-the-mesospace-of-porous-coordination-polymers
#6
Jingui Duan, Masakazu Higuchi, Jiajia Zheng, Shin-Ichiro Noro, I-Ya Chang, Kim Hyeon-Deuk, Simon Mathew, Shinpei Kusaka, Easan Sivaniah, Ryotaro Matsuda, Shigeyoshi Sakaki, Susumu Kitagawa
The prevalence of the condensed phase, interpenetration, and fragility of mesoporous coordination polymers (meso-PCPs) featuring dense open metal sites (OMSs) place strict limitations on their preparation, as revealed by experimental and theoretical reticular chemistry investigations. Herein, we propose a rational design of stabilized high-porosity meso-PCPs, employing a low-symmetry ligand in combination with the shortest linker, formic acid. The resulting dimeric clusters (PCP-31 and PCP-32) exhibit high surface areas, ultrahigh porosities, and high OMS densities (3...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738585/ordered-mesoporous-silica-film-as-a-novel-fiber-coating-for-solid-phase-microextraction
#7
Hui Jiang, Jiansheng Li, Xingru Hu, Jinyou Shen, Xiuyun Sun, Weiqing Han, Lianjun Wang
Ordered mesoporous silica (OMS) film supported on anodized titanium wire was fabricated as a new solid phase microextraction (SPME) fiber for the extraction of chlorophenols (CPs) from aqueous media followed by the determination with gas chromatography flame ionization detection (GC-FID). The supported OMS film was prepared via a solvent evaporation-induced self-assembly approach (EISA) combined with dip-coating technology. Commonly used fragile fused silica fiber was replaced by anodized titanium wire. The coating materials were characterized by N2 adsorption-desorption, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermogravimetric (TG) analysis...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735860/are-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-residents-being-adequately-trained-to-care-for-pediatric-patients
#8
Shelly Abramowicz, Leonard B Kaban, Andrew S Wurtzel, Steven M Roser
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether current oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) residents are receiving adequate training and experience to perform specific surgical procedures and anesthesia for pediatric patients. STUDY DESIGN: A 17-question survey was sent electronically to fellows of the American Academy of Craniomaxillofacial Surgeons. Descriptive data for individual surgeons, their associated residency programs, and the quantity of specific pediatric procedures they performed were collected...
May 4, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734995/senior-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-resident-confidence-in-performing-invasive-temporomandibular-joint-procedures
#9
Mohmedvasim Momin, Michael Miloro, Louis G Mercuri, Alexander Munaretto, Michael R Markiewicz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the level of confidence that senior-level oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) residents have in the management of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, determine their exposure to various invasive TMJ procedures during training, and assess their confidence in performing those procedures on completion of residency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was designed, and a link to a University of Illinois at Chicago Qualtrics Survey platform (Qualtrics, Provo, UT) was e-mailed to all program directors at Commission on Dental Accreditation-accredited OMS training programs in the United States...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723368/definition-of-success-after-surgery-for-female-stress-incontinence-or-voiding-dysfunction-an-attempt-at-standardization
#10
REVIEW
Maude E Carmel, Donna Y Deng, Tamsin J Greenwell, Philippe E Zimmern
CONTEXT: There is currently no standardized definition of success for surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and voiding dysfunction (VD) in women. OBJECTIVE: To review the use of outcome measures (OMs) and definitions of success in the literature on SUI and VD surgery in women in an attempt to provide recommendations for future publications. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A PubMed search of all English language full-text articles on SUI and VD surgery in women published between 2010 and 2015 was performed...
August 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713344/outer-membrane-proteome-of-veillonella-parvula-a-diderm-firmicute-of-the-human-microbiome
#11
Daniel I Poppleton, Magalie Duchateau, Véronique Hourdel, Mariette Matondo, Jennifer Flechsler, Andreas Klingl, Christophe Beloin, Simonetta Gribaldo
Veillonella parvula is a biofilm-forming commensal found in the lungs, vagina, mouth, and gastro-intestinal tract of humans, yet it may develop into an opportunistic pathogen. Furthermore, the presence of Veillonella has been associated with the development of a healthy immune system in infants. Veillonella belongs to the Negativicutes, a diverse clade of bacteria that represent an evolutionary enigma: they phylogenetically belong to Gram-positive (monoderm) Firmicutes yet maintain an outer membrane (OM) with lipopolysaccharide similar to classic Gram-negative (diderm) bacteria...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711831/application-of-magnetic-oms-2-in-sequencing-batch-reactor-for-treating-dye-wastewater-as-a-modulator-of-microbial-community
#12
Fei Pan, Yang Yu, Aihua Xu, Dongsheng Xia, Youmin Sun, Zhengqing Cai, Wen Liu, Jie Fu
The potential and mechanism of synthesized magnetic octahedral molecular sieve (Fe3O4@OMS-2) nanoparticles in enhancing the aerobic microbial ability of sequencing batch reactor (SBR) for treating dye wastewater have been revealed in this study. The addition of Fe3O4@OMS-2 of 0.25g/L enhanced the decolorization of SBRs with an operation cycle of 24h by more than 20%. The 16S rRNA gene high-throughput sequencing indicated Fe3O4@OMS-2 increased the microbial richness and diversity of SBRs, and more importantly, promoted the potential dye-degrading bacteria...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711651/psychometric-properties-of-measures-of-gait-quality-and-walking-performance-in-young-people-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Asfarina Zanudin, Thomas H Mercer, Kavi C Jagadamma, Marietta L van der Linden
Availability of outcome measures (OMs) with robust psychometric properties is an essential prerequisite for the evaluation of interventions designed to address gait deterioration in young people with Cerebral Palsy (CP). This review evaluates evidence for the reliability, validity and responsiveness of outcome measures of gait quality and walking performance in young people with CP. A systematic search was performed in MEDLINE, CINAHL, PubMed and Scopus. Articles that met the eligibility criteria were selected...
July 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710878/6-mercaptopurine-modifies-cerebrospinal-fluid-t-cell-abnormalities-in-paediatric-opsoclonus-myoclonus-as-steroid-sparer
#14
M R Pranzatelli, E D Tate, T J Allison
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the capacity of 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP), a known immunosuppressant, to normalize cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lymphocyte frequencies in opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS) and function as a steroid sparer. CSF and blood lymphocytes were immunophenotyped in 11 children with OMS (without CSF B cell expansion) using a comprehensive panel of cell surface adhesion, activation and maturation markers by flow cytometry, and referenced to 18 paediatric controls. Drug metabolites, lymphocyte counts and liver function tests were used clinically to monitoring therapeutic range and toxicity...
July 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708906/effectiveness-of-periapical-radiography-versus-cone-beam-computed-tomography-with-different-kilovoltage-settings-in-the-detection-of-chemically-created-peri-implant-bone-defects-an-in-vitro-study
#15
Lucas Rodrigues Pinheiro, William C Scarfe, Marcelo Augusto de Oliveira Sales, Bruno Felipe Gaia, Arthur Rodriguez Gonzalez Cortes, Marcelo Gusmão Paraiso Cavalcanti
PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images obtained with different kilovoltage settings compared with intraoral periapical photostimulable storage phosphor (PSP) plate images in the detection of chemically created peri-implant defects utilizing a bovine rib bone model in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After placing 80 implants in bovine ribs, peri-implant circumferential bone defects of different sizes were created with 70% perchloric acid...
July 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708298/the-ecotoxicity-of-zinc-and-zinc-containing-substances-in-soil-consideration-for-metal-moiety-approaches-and-organo-metal-complexes
#16
Ellyn Ritchie, Patrick Boyd, Annamaria Lawson-Halasz, Jalal Hawari, Stacey Saucier, Richard Scroggins, Juliska Princz
Within Canada, screening-level assessments for chemical substances are required in order to determine whether the substances pose a risk to human health and/or the environment, and as appropriate, risk management strategies. In response to the volume of metal and metal-containing substances, process efficiencies were introduced using a metal moiety approach, wherein substances that contain a common metal moiety are assessed simultaneously as a group, wherein the moiety of concern would consist of the metal ion...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673634/orthogonality-measurements-for-multidimensional-chromatography-in-three-and-higher-dimensional-separations
#17
Mark R Schure, Joe M Davis
Orthogonality metrics (OMs) for three and higher dimensional separations are proposed as extensions of previously developed OMs, which were used to evaluate the zone utilization of two-dimensional (2D) separations. These OMs include correlation coefficients, dimensionality, information theory metrics and convex-hull metrics. In a number of these cases, lower dimensional subspace metrics exist and can be readily calculated. The metrics are used to interpret previously generated experimental data. The experimental datasets are derived from Gilar's peptide data, now modified to be three dimensional (3D), and a comprehensive 3D chromatogram from Moore and Jorgenson...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665144/examining-the-application-of-the-opening-minds-survey-in-the-community-health-centre-setting
#18
Mark van der Maas, Heather Stuart, Scott B Patten, Emily K Lentinello, Sireesha J Bobbili, Robert E Mann, Hayley A Hamilton, Patrick Corrigan, Akwatu Khenti
OBJECTIVE: Stigma has been identified as a complex and problematic issue. It acts as a major barrier to accessing care and can exacerbate the experience of a health condition, particularly for clients with mental illness and substance use issues. Scales designed to assess stigmatising attitudes towards those with mental illness and substance use problems among health care providers are necessary to evaluate programs designed to reduce that stigma. The goal of this study was to evaluate the internal reliability and external validity of the Opening Minds Survey for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC)...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651977/dexamethasone-intravenous-immunoglobulin-and-rituximab-combination-immunotherapy-for-pediatric-opsoclonus-myoclonus-syndrome
#19
Michael R Pranzatelli, Elizabeth D Tate
BACKGROUND: Although pulse-dose dexamethasone is increasingly favored for treating pediatric opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS), and multimodal immunotherapy is associated with improved clinical response, there have been no neuroimmunologic studies of dexamethasone-based multimodal disease-modifying therapy. METHODS: In this observational retrospective study, 19 children with OMS (with or without associated neuroblastoma) underwent multibiomarker evaluation for neuroinflammation...
May 19, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647819/the-italian-version-of-the-opening-minds-stigma-scale-for-healthcare-providers-validation-and-study-on-a-sample-of-bachelor-students
#20
Anne Destrebecq, Paolo Ferrara, Luca Frattini, Francesco Pittella, Gemma Rossano, Giuseppe Striano, Stefano Terzoni, Orsola Gambini
Prejudices on psychiatric disorders frequently turn into stigmatizating attitudes, also among health care providers. The Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC) was introduced in 2012 to measure stigma. No Italian versions of this tool exist so far. We wanted to investigate stigma among healthcare students in Italy, and to prepare an Italian version of the scale. A multicentric, cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of Nursing, Physiotherapy, Occupational therapy, and Dietistics students...
June 24, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
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