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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723368/definition-of-success-after-surgery-for-female-stress-incontinence-or-voiding-dysfunction-an-attempt-at-standardization
#1
REVIEW
Maude E Carmel, Donna Y Deng, Tamsin J Greenwell, Philippe E Zimmern
CONTEXT: There is currently no standardized definition of success for surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and voiding dysfunction (VD) in women. OBJECTIVE: To review the use of outcome measures (OMs) and definitions of success in the literature on SUI and VD surgery in women in an attempt to provide recommendations for future publications. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A PubMed search of all English language full-text articles on SUI and VD surgery in women published between 2010 and 2015 was performed...
August 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713344/outer-membrane-proteome-of-veillonella-parvula-a-diderm-firmicute-of-the-human-microbiome
#2
Daniel I Poppleton, Magalie Duchateau, Véronique Hourdel, Mariette Matondo, Jennifer Flechsler, Andreas Klingl, Christophe Beloin, Simonetta Gribaldo
Veillonella parvula is a biofilm-forming commensal found in the lungs, vagina, mouth, and gastro-intestinal tract of humans, yet it may develop into an opportunistic pathogen. Furthermore, the presence of Veillonella has been associated with the development of a healthy immune system in infants. Veillonella belongs to the Negativicutes, a diverse clade of bacteria that represent an evolutionary enigma: they phylogenetically belong to Gram-positive (monoderm) Firmicutes yet maintain an outer membrane (OM) with lipopolysaccharide similar to classic Gram-negative (diderm) bacteria...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711831/application-of-magnetic-oms-2-in-sequencing-batch-reactor-for-treating-dye-wastewater-as-a-modulator-of-microbial-community
#3
Fei Pan, Yang Yu, Aihua Xu, Dongsheng Xia, Youmin Sun, Zhengqing Cai, Wen Liu, Jie Fu
The potential and mechanism of synthesized magnetic octahedral molecular sieve (Fe3O4@OMS-2) nanoparticles in enhancing the aerobic microbial ability of sequencing batch reactor (SBR) for treating dye wastewater have been revealed in this study. The addition of Fe3O4@OMS-2 of 0.25g/L enhanced the decolorization of SBRs with an operation cycle of 24h by more than 20%. The 16S rRNA gene high-throughput sequencing indicated Fe3O4@OMS-2 increased the microbial richness and diversity of SBRs, and more importantly, promoted the potential dye-degrading bacteria...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711651/psychometric-properties-of-measures-of-gait-quality-and-walking-performance-in-young-people-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Asfarina Zanudin, Thomas H Mercer, Kavi C Jagadamma, Marietta L van der Linden
Availability of outcome measures (OMs) with robust psychometric properties is an essential prerequisite for the evaluation of interventions designed to address gait deterioration in young people with Cerebral Palsy (CP). This review evaluates evidence for the reliability, validity and responsiveness of outcome measures of gait quality and walking performance in young people with CP. A systematic search was performed in MEDLINE, CINAHL, PubMed and Scopus. Articles that met the eligibility criteria were selected...
July 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710878/6-mercaptopurine-modifies-cerebrospinal-fluid-t-cell-abnormalities-in-pediatric-opsoclonus-myoclonus-as-steroid-sparer
#5
Michael R Pranzatelli, Elizabeth D Tate, Tyler J Allison
The purpose was to evaluate the capacity of 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP), a known immunosuppressant, to normalize cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lymphocyte frequencies in opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS) and function as a steroid sparer. CSF and blood lymphocytes were immunophenotyped in 11 children with OMS (without CSF B cell expansion), using a comprehensive panel of cell surface adhesion, activation, and maturation markers by flow cytometry, and referenced to 18 pediatric controls. Drug metabolites, lymphocyte counts, and liver function tests were used clinically to monitoring therapeutic range and toxicity...
July 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708906/effectiveness-of-periapical-radiography-versus-cone-beam-computed-tomography-with-different-kilovoltage-settings-in-the-detection-of-chemically-created-peri-implant-bone-defects-an-in-vitro-study
#6
Lucas Rodrigues Pinheiro, William C Scarfe, Marcelo Augusto de Oliveira Sales, Bruno Felipe Gaia, Arthur Rodriguez Gonzalez Cortes, Marcelo Gusmão Paraiso Cavalcanti
PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images obtained with different kilovoltage settings compared with intraoral periapical photostimulable storage phosphor (PSP) plate images in the detection of chemically created peri-implant defects utilizing a bovine rib bone model in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After placing 80 implants in bovine ribs, peri-implant circumferential bone defects of different sizes were created with 70% perchloric acid...
July 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708298/the-ecotoxicity-of-zinc-and-zinc-containing-substances-in-soil-consideration-for-metal-moiety-approaches-and-organo-metal-complexes
#7
Ellyn Ritchie, Patrick Boyd, Annamaria Lawson-Halasz, Jalal Hawari, Stacey Saucier, Richard Scroggins, Juliska Princz
Within Canada, screening-level assessments for chemical substances are required in order to determine whether the substances pose a risk to human health and/or the environment, and as appropriate, risk management strategies. In response to the volume of metal and metal-containing substances, process efficiencies were introduced using a metal moiety approach, wherein substances that contain a common metal moiety are assessed simultaneously as a group, wherein the moiety of concern would consist of the metal ion...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673634/orthogonality-measurements-for-multidimensional-chromatography-in-three-and-higher-dimensional-separations
#8
Mark R Schure, Joe M Davis
Orthogonality metrics (OMs) for three and higher dimensional separations are proposed as extensions of previously developed OMs, which were used to evaluate the zone utilization of two-dimensional (2D) separations. These OMs include correlation coefficients, dimensionality, information theory metrics and convex-hull metrics. In a number of these cases, lower dimensional subspace metrics exist and can be readily calculated. The metrics are used to interpret previously generated experimental data. The experimental datasets are derived from Gilar's peptide data, now modified to be three dimensional (3D), and a comprehensive 3D chromatogram from Moore and Jorgenson...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665144/examining-the-application-of-the-opening-minds-survey-in-the-community-health-centre-setting
#9
Mark van der Maas, Heather Stuart, Scott B Patten, Emily K Lentinello, Sireesha J Bobbili, Robert E Mann, Hayley A Hamilton, Patrick Corrigan, Akwatu Khenti
OBJECTIVE: Stigma has been identified as a complex and problematic issue. It acts as a major barrier to accessing care and can exacerbate the experience of a health condition, particularly for clients with mental illness and substance use issues. Scales designed to assess stigmatising attitudes towards those with mental illness and substance use problems among health care providers are necessary to evaluate programs designed to reduce that stigma. The goal of this study was to evaluate the internal reliability and external validity of the Opening Minds Survey for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC)...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651977/dexamethasone-intravenous-immunoglobulin-and-rituximab-combination-immunotherapy-for-pediatric-opsoclonus-myoclonus-syndrome
#10
Michael R Pranzatelli, Elizabeth D Tate
BACKGROUND: Although pulse-dose dexamethasone is increasingly favored for treating pediatric opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS), and multimodal immunotherapy is associated with improved clinical response, there have been no neuroimmunologic studies of dexamethasone-based multimodal disease-modifying therapy. METHODS: In this observational retrospective study, 19 children with OMS (with or without associated neuroblastoma) underwent multibiomarker evaluation for neuroinflammation...
May 19, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647819/the-italian-version-of-the-opening-minds-stigma-scale-for-healthcare-providers-validation-and-study-on-a-sample-of-bachelor-students
#11
Anne Destrebecq, Paolo Ferrara, Luca Frattini, Francesco Pittella, Gemma Rossano, Giuseppe Striano, Stefano Terzoni, Orsola Gambini
Prejudices on psychiatric disorders frequently turn into stigmatizating attitudes, also among health care providers. The Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC) was introduced in 2012 to measure stigma. No Italian versions of this tool exist so far. We wanted to investigate stigma among healthcare students in Italy, and to prepare an Italian version of the scale. A multicentric, cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of Nursing, Physiotherapy, Occupational therapy, and Dietistics students...
June 24, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639244/veterinary-public-health-in-italy-from-healthy-animals-to-healthy-food-contribution-to-improve-economy-in-developing-countries
#12
Margherita Cacaci, Rossella Colomba Lelli
The role of the veterinarian as a public health officer is intrinsic to the history and the culture of veterinary organization in Italy. The Veterinary service being part of the Health administration since the birth of the Italian State in the XIX Century. In the second half of the last century the birth of the Italian National Health Service confirmed that the function of the Italian veterinary service was to analyze and reduce the risks for the human population connected to the relationship man-animal-environment, animal health, food safety and security...
June 22, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631925/anticancer-activity-of-polyoxometalate-bisphosphonate-complexes-synthesis-characterization-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-results
#13
Amandine Boulmier, Xinxin Feng, Olivier Oms, Pierre Mialane, Eric Rivière, Christopher J Shin, Jiaqi Yao, Tadahiko Kubo, Taisuke Furuta, Eric Oldfield, Anne Dolbecq
We synthesized a series of polyoxometalate-bisphosphonate complexes containing Mo(VI)O6 octahedra, zoledronate, or an N-alkyl (n-C6 or n-C8) zoledronate analogue, and in two cases, Mn as a heterometal. Mo6L2 (L = Zol, ZolC6, ZolC8) and Mo4L2Mn (L = Zol, ZolC8) were characterized by using single-crystal X-ray crystallography and/or IR spectroscopy, elemental and energy dispersive X-ray analysis and (31)P NMR. We found promising activity against human nonsmall cell lung cancer (NCI-H460) cells with IC50 values for growth inhibition of ∼5 μM per bisphosphonate ligand...
July 3, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627359/evaluation-of-early-postoperative-complications-following-tracheotomy
#14
Danielle L Freburg-Hoffmeister, John H Hardeman, M Franklin Dolwick, Charles G Widmer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the early postoperative complications related to tracheotomy performed by surgeons and residents in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMS) at the University of Florida College of Dentistry (UFCD; Gainesville, FL). The authors hypothesized that complications with this surgical technique would be substantially different among the different medical diagnoses of these patients and the number of complications would positively correlate with the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classification...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627201/grado-de-malnutrici%C3%A3-n-y-su-relaci%C3%A3-n-con-los-principales-factores-estructurales-y-alimentarios-de-la-poblaci%C3%A3-n-preescolar-hondure%C3%A3-a-prevalencia-de-la-lactancia-materna-en-los-mismos
#15
Lorena Fernández Palacios, Elsa Barrientos Augustinus, Carolina Raudales Urquía, Carmen Frontela Saseta, Gaspar Ros Berruezo
Introducción: la desnutrición infantil sigue siendo un grave problema de salud pública en Honduras, con una prevalencia nacional según valores de referencia de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) del 29% en niños menores de cinco años. Además, el promedio de desnutrición crónica en la región asciende hasta el 80% en comunidades pobres e indígenas, convirtiendo a Honduras en el segundo país en la región centroamericana con mayor incidencia de desnutrición crónica. Otro de los problemas que presenta la región resulta del abandono precoz de la lactancia materna exclusiva: solo el 29,7% de los menores fue alimentado exclusivamente con leche materna hasta los seis meses...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622442/muscular-basis-of-whisker-torsion-in-mice-and-rats
#16
Sebastian Haidarliu, Knarik Bagdasarian, Namrata Shinde, Ehud Ahissar
Whisking mammals move their whiskers in the rostrocaudal and dorsoventral directions with simultaneous rolling about their long axes (torsion). Whereas muscular control of the first two types of whisker movement was already established, the anatomic muscular substrate of the whisker torsion remains unclear. Specifically, it was not clear whether torsion is induced by asymmetrical operation of known muscles or by other largely unknown muscles. Here, we report that mystacial pads of newborn and adult rats and mice contain oblique intrinsic muscles (OMs) that connect diagonally adjacent vibrissa follicles...
June 16, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611371/ohmyungsamycins-promote-antimicrobial-responses-through-autophagy-activation-via-amp-activated-protein-kinase-pathway
#17
Tae Sung Kim, Yern-Hyerk Shin, Hye-Mi Lee, Jin Kyung Kim, Jin Ho Choe, Ji-Chan Jang, Soohyun Um, Hyo Sun Jin, Masaaki Komatsu, Guang-Ho Cha, Han-Jung Chae, Dong-Chan Oh, Eun-Kyeong Jo
The induction of host cell autophagy by various autophagy inducers contributes to the antimicrobial host defense against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), a major pathogenic strain that causes human tuberculosis. In this study, we present a role for the newly identified cyclic peptides ohmyungsamycins (OMS) A and B in the antimicrobial responses against Mtb infections by activating autophagy in murine bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs). OMS robustly activated autophagy, which was essentially required for the colocalization of LC3 autophagosomes with bacterial phagosomes and antimicrobial responses against Mtb in BMDMs...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602382/value-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-economic-analyses
#18
Benjamin P Geisler, Yisi D Ji, Zachary S Peacock
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe the state of economic analyses in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of published literature up to 2016 was performed. The inclusion criteria were as follows: English-language articles on economic analyses pertaining to OMS including anesthesia and pain management; dentoalveolar surgery; orthognathic, cleft, and/or obstructive sleep apnea treatment; pathology; reconstruction; temporomandibular disorders; trauma; and other...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597654/oms-2-supported-cu-hydroxide-catalyzed-benzoxazoles-synthesis-from-catechols-and-amines-via-domino-oxidation-process-at-room-temperature
#19
Xu Meng, Yanmin Wang, Yuanguang Wang, Baohua Chen, Zhenqiang Jing, Gexin Chen, Peiqing Zhao
In the presence of manganese oxide octahedral molecular sieve (OMS-2) supported copper hydroxide Cu(OH)x/OMS-2, aerobic synthesis of benzoxazoles from catechols and amines via domino oxidation/cyclization at room temperature is achieved. This heterogeneous benzoxazoles synthesis initiated by the efficient oxidation of catechols over Cu(OH)x/OMS-2 tolerates a variety of substrates, especially amines containing sensitive groups (hydroxyl, cyano, amino, vinyl, ethynyl, ester, and even acetyl groups) and heterocycles, which affords functionalized benzoxazoles in good to excellent yields by employing low catalyst loading (2 mol % Cu)...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577249/progeny-production-in-the-periplasm-of-thermosipho-globiformans
#20
Tomohiko Kuwabara, Kensuke Igarashi
Thermotogales are rod-shaped, Gram-negative, anaerobic, (hyper) thermophiles distinguished by an outer sheath-like toga, which comprises an outer membrane (OM) and an amorphous layer (AL). Thermosipho globiformans bacteria can transform into spheroids with multiple cells concurrently with AL disintegration during early growth; the cell is defined as the cytoplasmic membrane (CM) plus the entity surrounded by the CM. Spheroids eventually produce rapidly moving periplasmic 'progenies' through an unknown mechanism...
July 2017: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
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