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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323998/genes-outside-the-major-histocompatibility-complex-mhc-locus-are-linked-to-the-development-of-thyroid-autoantibodies-and-thyroiditis-in-nod-h2h4-mice
#1
Sandra M McLachlan, Sylvie Lesage, Roxanne Collin, Bianca Banuelos, Holly A Aliesky, Basil Rapoport
Thyroiditis and autoantibodies to thyroglobulin (TgAb) and thyroid peroxidase (TPOAb) develop spontaneously in NOD.H2h4 mice, a phenotype enhanced by dietary iodine. NOD.H2h4 mice were derived by introducing the Major Histocompatibility Class (MHC) molecule I-Ak from B10.A(4R) mice to non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice. Apart from I-Ak, the genes responsible for the NOD.H2h4 phenotype are unknown. Extending serendipitous observations from crossing BALB/c to NOD.H2h4 mice, thyroid autoimmunity was investigated in both genders of the F1, F2 and the second generation backcross of F1 to NOD...
January 17, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323270/erratum-guidance-of-regulatory-t-cell-development-by-satb1-dependent-super-enhancer-establishment
#2
Yohko Kitagawa, Naganari Ohkura, Yujiro Kidani, Alexis Vandenbon, Keiji Hirota, Ryoji Kawakami, Keiko Yasuda, Daisuke Motooka, Shota Nakamura, Motonari Kondo, Ichiro Taniuchi, Terumi Kohwi-Shigematsu, Shimon Sakaguchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319097/long-noncoding-rna-lnckdm2b-is-required-for-ilc3-maintenance-by-initiation-of-zfp292-expression
#3
Benyu Liu, Buqing Ye, Liuliu Yang, Xiaoxiao Zhu, Guanling Huang, Pingping Zhu, Ying Du, Jiayi Wu, Xiwen Qin, Runsheng Chen, Yong Tian, Zusen Fan
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) communicate with other hematopoietic and nonhematopoietic cells to regulate immunity, inflammation and tissue homeostasis. How ILC lineages develop and are maintained remains largely unknown. In this study we observed that a divergent long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), lncKdm2b, was expressed at high levels in intestinal group 3 ILCs (ILC3s). LncKdm2b deficiency in the hematopoietic system led to reductions in the number and effector functions of ILC3s. LncKdm2b expression sustained the maintenance of ILC3s by promoting their proliferation through activation of the transcription factor Zfp292...
March 20, 2017: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289135/the-chromatin-modifier-satb1-regulates-cell-fate-through-fgf-signalling-in-the-early-mouse-embryo
#4
Mubeen Goolam, Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz
The separation of embryonic from extra-embryonic tissues within the inner-cell-mass (ICM) to generate the epiblast (EPI), that will form the new organism, from the primitive endoderm (PE), that will form the yolk sac, is a crucial developmental decision. Here we identify a chromatin modifier, Satb1, with a distinct role in this decision. Satb1 is differentially expressed within 16-cell-stage embryos with higher expression levels in the ICM progenitor cells. Depleting Satb1 increases the number of EPI cells at the expense of PE...
March 13, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205095/tetramerization-of-satb1-is-essential-for-regulating-of-gene-expression
#5
Minying Zheng, Wancai Xing, Yabing Liu, Meng Li, Hao Zhou
Special AT-rich sequence-binding protein 1 (SATB1) functions as a 'genome organizer' in tumorigenesis. Our previous report showed that SATB1 forms a tetramer through its N-terminal ubiquitin like domain rather than the proposed PDZ domain. In the present study, we aim to illustrate whether this oligomerization is critical to its function as a global repressor of gene expression in vivo. Luciferase and GST pull-down assays demonstrated that disrupting SATB1's tetramerization not only affects the activities of promoters but also influences the recruitment of interaction partners...
February 15, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179318/rearrangement-of-the-chromatin-organizer-special-at-rich-binding-protein-1-gene-satb1-resulting-from-a-t-3-5-p24-q14-chromosomal-translocation-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#6
Synne Torkildsen, Marta Brunetti, Ludmila Gorunova, Signe Spetalen, Klaus Beiske, Sverre Heim, Ioannis Panagopoulos
BACKGROUND/AIM: New chromosomal aberrations continue to be reported in acute myeloid leukemias (AML). The addition of more cases with the same genetic characteristics would establish an acquired aberration as a recurrent change, help determine its prognostic significance, and can provide insight into the mechanisms of leukemogenesis in patients with these rare abnormalities. CASE REPORT: RNA-sequencing was performed on a patient with AML with the bone marrow karyotype 46,XY,t(3;5)(p24;q14)[5]/46,XY[10]...
2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147311/satb1-plays-an-oncogenic-role-in-esophageal-cancer-by-up-regulation-of-fn1-and-pdgfrb
#7
Guiqin Song, Kang Liu, Xiaolin Yang, Bo Mu, Junbao Yang, Lang He, Xin Hu, Qiujiang Li, Yunxia Zhao, Xiaoming Cai, Gang Feng
Esophageal cancer is a highly aggressive malignancy with very poor overall prognosis. Given the strong clinical relevance of SATB1 in esophagus cancer and other cancers suggested by previous studies, the exact function of SATB1 in esophagus cancer development is still unknown. Here we showed that the knockdown of SATB1 in esophageal cancer cell lines diminished the cell proliferation, survival and invasion. Whole genome transcriptome analysis of SATB1 knockdown cells revealed the different gene expression profiles between TE-1 cells and MDA-MB-231 cells...
January 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132936/rhs6-mediated-chromosomal-looping-and-nuclear-substructure-binding-is-required-for-th2-cytokine-gene-expression
#8
Soo Seok Hwang, Sung Woong Jang, Gap Ryol Lee
Subset-specific gene expression is a critical feature of CD4 T cell differentiation. Th2 cells express Th2 cytokine genes including Il4, Il5, and Il13 and mediate the immune response against helminths. The expression of Th2 cytokine genes is regulated by Rad50 hypersensitive site 6 (RHS6) in the Th2 locus control region; however, the molecular mechanisms of RHS6 action at the chromatin level are poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that RHS6 is crucial for chromosomal interactions and nuclear substructure binding of the Th2 cytokine locus...
March 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108985/the-th2-gene-cluster-unraveled-role-of-rhs6
#9
EDITORIAL
Cameron H Flayer, Angela Haczku
Although the transcription factors that regulate T helper (Th) type 2 cytokine production (IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13) are possible novel therapeutic targets, we lack a detailed understanding of the mechanisms that regulate the transcription of these cytokines. In this issue of Allergy, Hwang et al. studied the role of a specific DNA region (a cis-acting element called Rad50 hypersensitive site 6) RHS6, in the development of allergic airway inflammation. RHS6 is found in the Th2 cytokine "locus control region" but its role in activation of the IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 genes was unknown...
January 20, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101200/special-at-rich-dna-binding-protein-1-expression-is-associated-with-liver-cancer-metastasis
#10
Dongmei Wu, Liangtao Zeng, Fanrong Liu, Qingling Zhong, Deyuan Zhang, Chang Cai, Wen Zhang, Liqing Wu, He Chen
To aim of the present study was to investigate the association between special AT-rich DNA-binding protein-1 (SATB1) expression and liver cancer metastasis. SATB1 mRNA and protein expression in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues was analyzed by immunohistochemistry, and in two hepatocellular cancer cell lines, MHCC-97H (high metastatic potential) and HepG2 (low metastatic potential), by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. Transwell migration and wound-healing assays were also performed to investigate the metastasis of liver cancer following upregulation or silencing of SATB1 expression...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099864/satb1-expression-governs-epigenetic-repression-of-pd-1-in-tumor-reactive-t-cells
#11
Tom L Stephen, Kyle K Payne, Ricardo A Chaurio, Michael J Allegrezza, Hengrui Zhu, Jairo Perez-Sanz, Alfredo Perales-Puchalt, Jenny M Nguyen, Ana E Vara-Ailor, Evgeniy B Eruslanov, Mark E Borowsky, Rugang Zhang, Terri M Laufer, Jose R Conejo-Garcia
Despite the importance of programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) in inhibiting T cell effector activity, the mechanisms regulating its expression remain poorly defined. We found that the chromatin organizer special AT-rich sequence-binding protein-1 (Satb1) restrains PD-1 expression induced upon T cell activation by recruiting a nucleosome remodeling deacetylase (NuRD) complex to Pdcd1 regulatory regions. Satb1 deficienct T cells exhibited a 40-fold increase in PD-1 expression. Tumor-derived transforming growth factor β (Tgf-β) decreased Satb1 expression through binding of Smad proteins to the Satb1 promoter...
January 17, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099863/satb1-restraining-pd1-and-t-cell-exhaustion
#12
Briana G Nixon, Ming O Li
Mechanisms that govern PD1 expression and exhaustion in T cells are not fully understood. In this issue of Immunity, Stephen et al. (2017) uncover a key role for the genome organizer Satb1 in restraining PD1 expression and promoting tumor immunity.
January 17, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078709/expression-of-transcription-factors-divide-retinal-ganglion-cells-into-distinct-classes
#13
Neal T Sweeney, Kiely N James, Andreea Nistorica, Ryan M Lorig-Roach, David A Feldheim
Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) are tasked with transmitting all light information from the eye to the retinal recipient areas of the brain. RGCs can be classified into many different types by morphology, gene expression, axonal projections, and functional responses to different light stimuli. Ultimately, these classification systems should be unified into an all-encompassing taxonomy. Toward that end, we show here that nearly all RGCs express either Islet-2, Tbr2 or a combination of Satb1and Satb2. We present gene expression data supporting the hypothesis that Satb1 and Satb2 are expressed in ON-OFF direction-selective (DS) RGCs, complementing our previous work demonstrating that RGCs that express Islet-2 and Tbr2 are non-DS and non-image-forming, respectively...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049521/analysis-of-cellular-and-molecular-antitumor-effects-upon-inhibition-of-satb1-in-glioblastoma-cells
#14
Anja Frömberg, Michael Rabe, Henry Oppermann, Frank Gaunitz, Achim Aigner
BACKGROUND: The Special AT-rich Sequence Binding Protein 1 (SATB1) regulates the expression of many genes by acting as a global chromatin organizer. While in many tumor entities SATB1 overexpression has been observed and connected to pro-tumorigenic processes, somewhat contradictory evidence exists in brain tumors with regard to SATB1 overexpression in glioblastoma and its association with poorer prognosis and tumor progression. On the functional side, initial data indicate that SATB1 may be involved in several tumor cell-relevant processes...
January 3, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992401/guidance-of-regulatory-t-cell-development-by-satb1-dependent-super-enhancer-establishment
#15
Yohko Kitagawa, Naganari Ohkura, Yujiro Kidani, Alexis Vandenbon, Keiji Hirota, Ryoji Kawakami, Keiko Yasuda, Daisuke Motooka, Shota Nakamura, Motonari Kondo, Ichiro Taniuchi, Terumi Kohwi-Shigematsu, Shimon Sakaguchi
Most Foxp3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells develop in the thymus as a functionally mature T cell subpopulation specialized for immune suppression. Their cell fate appears to be determined before Foxp3 expression; yet molecular events that prime Foxp3(-) Treg precursor cells are largely obscure. We found that Treg cell-specific super-enhancers (Treg-SEs), which were associated with Foxp3 and other Treg cell signature genes, began to be activated in Treg precursor cells. T cell-specific deficiency of the genome organizer Satb1 impaired Treg-SE activation and the subsequent expression of Treg signature genes, causing severe autoimmunity due to Treg cell deficiency...
February 2017: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966447/a-four-gene-signature-predictive-of-recurrent-prostate-cancer
#16
Justin Komisarof, Matthew McCall, Laurel Newman, Wiam Bshara, James L Mohler, Carl Morrison, Hartmut Land
Prostate cancer is the most common form of non-dermatological cancer among US men, with an increasing incidence due to the aging population. Patients diagnosed with clinically localized disease identified as intermediate or high-risk are often treated by radical prostatectomy. Approximately 33% of these patients will suffer recurrence after surgery. Identifying patients likely to experience recurrence after radical prostatectomy would lead to improved clinical outcomes, as these patients could receive adjuvant radiotherapy...
January 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932760/-satb1-promotes-the-malignant-of-human-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-by-activating-the-ribonucleotide-reductase-%C3%A2-small-subunit-m2
#17
Dayong Yan, Wei Wang
To explore the role of the special AT rich sequence binding protein-1 (SATB1) and ribonucleotide reductase M2 (RRM2) in enhancing malignant progression of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). 
 Methods: A total of 42 NHL and 42 chronic lymphadenitis patients were recruited. The protein expressions of SATB1 and RRM2 in cervical lymph nodes were determined by Western blot. After overexpression of SATB1, siSATB1 or siRRM2, the mRNA levels of SATB1 and RRM2 in cells were analyzed via RT-PCR, the cell proliferation was evaluated via MTT and EdU assays, while the migration and invasion of cells were assessed by transwell assays...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895736/effect-of-silencing-satb1-on-proliferation-invasion-and-apoptosis-of-a549-human-lung-adenocarcinoma-cells
#18
Bo Huang, Hongli Zhou, Siwang Wang, Xian Ping Lang, Xiaodong Wang
The present study aimed to explore the clinical characteristics of special adenine-thymine-rich sequence-binding protein 1 (SATB1) in lung adenocarcinoma and its role in the proliferation, invasion, migration and apoptosis of the lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549. The expression of SATB1 was first studied in tumor tissues of lung adenocarcinoma and adjacent non-tumor tissues. The siRNA green fluorescent protein expression vector of SATB1 was constructed and transfected into the lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549, then a fluorescence microscope was used to study the transfection efficiency...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883059/hepatic-satb1-induces-paracrine-activation-of-hepatic-stellate-cells-and-is-upregulated-by-hbx
#19
Jin Gong, Wei Tu, Jian Han, Jiayi He, Jingmei Liu, Ping Han, Yunwu Wang, Mengke Li, Mei Liu, Jiazhi Liao, Dean Tian
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major cause of chronic liver diseases, but its involvement in hepatic fibrogenesis remains unclear. Special AT-rich binding protein 1 (SATB1) has been implicated in reprogramming chromatin organization and transcription profiles in many cancers and non-cancer-related conditions. We found that hepatic SATB1 expression was significantly up-regulated in fibrotic tissues from chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected patients and HBV transgenic (HBV-Tg) mouse model...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878828/rhs6-coordinately-regulates-the-th2-cytokine-genes-by-recruiting-gata3-satb1-and-irf4
#20
S S Hwang, S W Jang, K O Lee, H S Kim, G R Lee
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a Th2 cell-driven inflammatory disease and a major public health concern. The cis-acting element Rad50 hypersensitive site 6 (RHS6) in the Th2 locus control region is essential for regulation of the Th2 cytokine genes; however, its role in allergic airway inflammation and underlying molecular mechanisms of the regulation by RHS6 are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: We sought to understand the role of RHS6 in the development of allergic airway inflammation and its molecular mechanism for Th2 cytokine expression...
November 5, 2016: Allergy
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