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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442462/patients-and-physiotherapists-belief-in-and-use-of-acupuncture-for-cancer-related-symptoms
#1
Anna Enblom
BACKGROUND: It is important to investigate attitudes to acupuncture, because therapists' and patients' expectations may affect the treatment outcome. AIM: To explore the use of and belief in acupuncture among oncological physiotherapists and to explore patients' interest in receiving acupuncture during cancer therapy and their belief in its effectiveness. METHODS: 522 patients (80% female, mean age 67 years) reported on their interest in receiving acupuncture for nausea during radiotherapy treatment; a subgroup (n=198) additionally disclosed their belief in the effectiveness of acupuncture...
April 25, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412978/the-need-for-harmonisation-and-innovation-of-neuropsychological-assessment-in-neurodegenerative-dementias-in-europe-consensus-document-of-the-joint-program-for-neurodegenerative-diseases-working-group
#2
REVIEW
Alberto Costa, Thomas Bak, Paolo Caffarra, Carlo Caltagirone, Mathieu Ceccaldi, Fabienne Collette, Sebastian Crutch, Sergio Della Sala, Jean François Démonet, Bruno Dubois, Emrah Duzel, Peter Nestor, Sokratis G Papageorgiou, Eric Salmon, Sietske Sikkes, Pietro Tiraboschi, Wiesje M van der Flier, Pieter Jelle Visser, Stefano F Cappa
Cognitive, behavioural, and functional assessment is crucial in longitudinal studies of neurodegenerative dementias (NDD). Central issues, such as the definition of the study population (asymptomatic, at risk, or individuals with dementia), the detection of change/decline, and the assessment of relevant outcomes depend on quantitative measures of cognitive, behavioural, and functional status.Currently, we are far from having available reliable protocols and tools for the assessment of dementias in Europe. The main problems are the heterogeneity of the tools used across different European countries, the lack of standardisation of administration and scoring methods across centres, and the limited information available about the psychometric properties of many tests currently in widespread use...
April 17, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412942/breast-cancer-screening-practices-of-african-migrant-women-in-australia-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#3
Olayide Oluyemisi Ogunsiji, Cannas Kwok, Lee Chun Fan
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most diagnosed cancer among women and a leading cause of mortality and morbidity, globally. Breast cancer mortality can be improved through routine cancer screening, yet migrant populations have lower participation rates. While African migrants are among the fastest growing migrant population in Australia, their breast cancer screening behaviour is under-studied. The aims of this study were to report breast cancer screening status of African migrant women and factors associated with their breast cancer screening behaviour in Australia...
April 17, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411404/patients-use-of-and-attitudes-towards-self-medication-in-rural-and-remote-slovenian-family-medicine-practices-a-cross-sectional-multicentre-study
#4
Zalika Klemenc-Ketis, Danijela Mitrovic
INTRODUCTION: Self-medication is very common in the general population, but its prevalence can differ according to the place of residence. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of self-medication in patients attending rural and remote family physicians, and to detect the important factors that are associated with it. METHODS: A cross-sectional multicentre study was performed in 24 rural and remote family medicine practices in Slovenia was performed...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404776/dry-habitats-were-crucibles-of-domestication-in-the-evolution-of-agriculture-in-ants
#5
Michael G Branstetter, Ana Ješovnik, Jeffrey Sosa-Calvo, Michael W Lloyd, Brant C Faircloth, Seán G Brady, Ted R Schultz
The evolution of ant agriculture, as practised by the fungus-farming 'attine' ants, is thought to have arisen in the wet rainforests of South America about 55-65 Ma. Most subsequent attine agricultural evolution, including the domestication event that produced the ancestor of higher attine cultivars, is likewise hypothesized to have occurred in South American rainforests. The 'out-of-the-rainforest' hypothesis, while generally accepted, has never been tested in a phylogenetic context. It also presents a problem for explaining how fungal domestication might have occurred, given that isolation from free-living populations is required...
April 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400075/review-of-general-dental-council-and-general-medical-council-fitness-to-practise-hearings-related-to-maxillofacial-surgery
#6
R Taylor, M H Ali, T E Howe, I Varley
Dually-registered specialists in oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) may be subject to disciplinary hearings by the General Medical Council (GMC) and the General Dental Council (GDC) for the same allegations, a phenomenon referred to as "double jeopardy" within the specialty. Previous efforts by both councils to simplify regulatory arrangements have made little progress. We have therefore reviewed the range and scope of fitness to practise (FTP) proceedings relevant to OMFS. We searched the online GMC register to find registered OMFS specialists and obtained FTP proceedings from 2004-2016 through a Freedom of Information request from the GDC...
April 8, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393606/how-work-setting-and-job-experience-affect-professional-nurses-values
#7
Ana Fernández-Feito, María Del Rosario Palmeiro-Longo, Salomé Basurto Hoyuelos, Vanesa García-Díaz
BACKGROUND: The development of professional values in nursing is directly related to quality and ethical clinical practise and may also increase practitioner and patients' satisfaction. Some factors, such as work setting or work experience, can influence the importance granted to the professional values of nursing. OBJECTIVES: To compare in primary care nurses and hospital care nurses the importance granted to professional values and to contrast this perception as a function of professional experience...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372544/prevalence-of-gmc-performance-assessments-in-the-united-kingdom-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis-by-country-of-medical-qualification
#8
L Mehdizadeh, H W W Potts, A Sturrock, J Dacre
BACKGROUND: The demographics of doctors working in the UK are changing. The United Kingdom (UK) has voted to leave the European Union (EU) and there is heightened political discourse around the world about the impact of migration on healthcare services. Previous work suggests that foreign trained doctors perform worse than UK graduates in postgraduate medical examinations. We analysed the prevalence by country of primary medical qualification of doctors who were required to take an assessment by the General Medical Council (GMC) because of performance concerns...
April 4, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370781/downregulation-of-genes-related-to-immune-and-inflammatory-response-in-ivf-implantation-failure-cases-under-controlled-ovarian-stimulation
#9
Amruta D S Pathare, Kusum Zaveri, Indira Hinduja
PROBLEM: Implantation failure (IF) even after the good-quality embryo transfer (ET) is main obstacle in in vitro fertilization (IVF). We aim to study the genomics of endometrial receptivity in IF patients under controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) during which ET is generally practised in IVF. METHOD OF STUDY: Endometrial gene expression profiling in IF patients (n=10) and oocyte donors (n=8) were compared during window of implantation under COS by microarray. Enrichment analysis of microarray data was performed to determine dysregulated pathways...
March 30, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364565/how-common-and-frequent-is-heterosexual-anal-intercourse-among-south-africans-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Branwen N Owen, Jocelyn Elmes, Romain Silhol, Que Dang, Ian McGowan, Barbara Shacklett, Edith M Swann, Ariane van der Straten, Rebecca F Baggaley, Marie-Claude Boily
BACKGROUND: HIV is transmitted more effectively during anal intercourse (AI) than vaginal intercourse (VI). However, patterns of heterosexual AI practice and its contribution to South Africa's generalized epidemic remain unclear. We aimed to determine how common and frequent heterosexual AI is in South Africa. METHODS: We searched for studies reporting the proportion practising heterosexual AI (prevalence) and/or the number of AI and unprotected AI (UAI) acts (frequency) in South Africa from 1990 to 2015...
January 11, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347357/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-female-anal-sex-in-the-context-of-hiv-aids-in-the-selected-districts-of-tanzania
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Elizabeth H Shayo, Akili A Kalinga, Kesheni P Senkoro, Judith Msovela, Erick J Mgina, Angela E Shija, Godlisten Materu, Stella P Kilima, Leonard E G Mboera, Julius J Massaga
BACKGROUND: Female anal sex is a receptive type of sexual practice among heterosexual couples where the penis is inserted into the anus of a female partner. In the Western world, a number of studies and interventions have been carried out on anal sex among men due to its potential risks to HIV transmission. In African countries, including Tanzania, there is dearth of information on the risks inherent in practices associated with female anal sex in the general population. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with female anal sex in fuelling HIV transmission in selected districts of Tanzania...
March 27, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325770/high-risk-sexual-behaviours-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-comparing-event-level-casual-sex-encounters-among-seroconverters-and-non-seroconverters
#12
Ian Down, Jeanne Ellard, Kathy Triffitt, Iryna Zablotska, Michael Hurley, Graham Brown, Jack Bradley, Garrett Prestage
BACKGROUND: With increasing use of non-condom-based HIV risk reduction strategies by gay and bisexual men (GBM), we compared occasions of condomless anal intercourse with casual partners (CLAIC) that resulted in HIV transmission and similar occasions when HIV transmission did not occur. METHODS: We compared two demographically similar samples of Australian GBM. The HIV Seroconversion Study (SCS) was an online cross-sectional survey of GBM recently diagnosed with HIV...
March 21, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325528/towards-the-implementation-of-breastfeeding-related-health-services-in-community-pharmacies-pharmacists-perspectives
#13
Tin Fei Sim, H Laetitia Hattingh, Jillian Sherriff, Lisa B G Tee
BACKGROUND: The scope of community pharmacy practice has expanded over the years. Pharmacists are now involved in the provision of a range of professional services. Pharmacists have regular contact with breastfeeding women, and are perceived as easily accessible, trusted health advisors. There is limited information on factors needed to be considered when implementing breastfeeding-related services in pharmacies to meet the needs of this population group. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore community pharmacists' perspectives on the implementation of breastfeeding-related services, the factors to consider and the required implementation strategies in community pharmacies...
March 10, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324739/generalizable-learning-practice-makes-perfect-but%C3%A2-at-what
#14
Aaron R Seitz
Practising a task can produce learning that generalizes to other tasks. Measurement of such generalization is complicated by how generalization doesn't always manifest simply as better performance on the new task, but also in the form of faster learning.
March 20, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317474/young-general-practitioners-professional-activities-a-survey-in-the-french-speaking-part-of-belgium
#15
Anne-Laure Lenoir, Lou Richelle, Frédéric Ketterer, Bénédicte Fraipont, Marion Cayn, Christiane Duchesnes, Sophie Leconte
INTRODUCTION: This study described the professional activities of graduates of the Advanced Master of General Practice of the Belgian French-speaking universities from 1999 to 2013 and identified factors influencing their situation. METHODS: Between November 2014 and June 2015, all graduates were asked to complete a questionnaire concerning their professional activities. The first part of the analysis described the respondent's socio-demographic and professional characteristics...
March 20, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316280/predicting-fitness-to-practise-events-in-international-medical-graduates-who-registered-as-uk-doctors-via-the-professional-and-linguistic-assessments-board-plab-system-a-national-cohort-study
#16
Paul A Tiffin, Lewis W Paton, Lazaro M Mwandigha, John C McLachlan, Jan Illing
BACKGROUND: International medical graduates working in the UK are more likely to be censured in relation to fitness to practise compared to home graduates. Performance on the General Medical Council's (GMC's) Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board (PLAB) tests and English fluency have previously been shown to predict later educational performance in this group of doctors. It is unknown whether the PLAB system is also a valid predictor of unprofessional behaviour and malpractice...
March 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301791/professional-and-psychosocial-factors-affecting-the-intention-to-retire-of-australian-medical-practitioners
#17
Chanaka Wijeratne, Joanne K Earl, Carmelle Peisah, Georgina M Luscombe, Johanna Tibbertsma
OBJECTIVE: To determine the professional and personal factors associated with the intention to retire (ITR) by medical practitioners. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Cross-sectional survey of currently practising Australian doctors aged 55 or older registered with a commercial database. Participants completed an online self-report questionnaire in October 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Associations between intention to retire and demographic and practice characteristics; health; emotional, social and financial resources; work centrality; and anxiety about ageing...
March 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299527/do-pharmacists-use-social-media-for-patient-care
#18
Arcelio Benetoli, Timothy F Chen, Marion Schaefer, Betty Chaar, Parisa Aslani
Background Social media are frequently used by consumers and healthcare professionals. However, it is not clear how pharmacists use social media as part of their daily professional practice. Objective This study investigated the role social media play in pharmacy practice, particularly in patient care and how pharmacists interact online with patients and laypeople. Setting Face-to-face, telephone, or Skype interviews with practising pharmacists (n = 31) from nine countries. Method In-depth semi-structured interviews; audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and thematically analysed...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284106/have-i-grooved-to-this-before-discriminating-practised-and-observed-actions-in-a-novel-context
#19
Dilini K Sumanapala, Laurel A Fish, Alex L Jones, Emily S Cross
Learning a new motor skill typically requires converting actions observed from a third-person perspective into fluid motor commands executed from a first-person perspective. In the present study, we test the hypothesis that during motor learning, the ability to discriminate between actions that have been observed and actions that have been executed is associated with learning aptitude, as assessed by a general measure of physical performance. Using a multi-day dance-training paradigm with a group of dance-naïve participants, we investigated whether actions that had been regularly observed could be discriminated from similar actions that had been physically practised over the course of three days, or a further set of similar actions that remained untrained...
March 8, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257852/application-of-the-expanded-creme-rifm-consumer-exposure-model-to-fragrance-ingredients-in-cosmetic-personal-care-and-air-care-products
#20
B Safford, A M Api, C Barratt, D Comiskey, G Ellis, C McNamara, C O'Mahony, S Robison, J Rose, B Smith, S Tozer
As part of a joint project between the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials (RIFM) and Creme Global, a Monte Carlo model (here named the Creme RIFM model) has been developed to estimate consumer exposure to ingredients in personal care products. Details of the model produced in Phase 1 of the project have already been published. Further data on habits and practises have been collected which enable the model to estimate consumer exposure from dermal, oral and inhalation routes for 25 product types. . In addition, more accurate concentration data have been obtained which allow levels of fragrance ingredients in these product types to be modelled...
February 28, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
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