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General Practise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325770/high-risk-sexual-behaviours-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-comparing-event-level-casual-sex-encounters-among-seroconverters-and-non-seroconverters
#1
Ian Down, Jeanne Ellard, Kathy Triffitt, Iryna Zablotska, Michael Hurley, Graham Brown, Jack Bradley, Garrett Prestage
BACKGROUND: With increasing use of non-condom-based HIV risk reduction strategies by gay and bisexual men (GBM), we compared occasions of condomless anal intercourse with casual partners (CLAIC) that resulted in HIV transmission and similar occasions when HIV transmission did not occur. METHODS: We compared two demographically similar samples of Australian GBM. The HIV Seroconversion Study (SCS) was an online cross-sectional survey of GBM recently diagnosed with HIV...
March 21, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325528/towards-the-implementation-of-breastfeeding-related-health-services-in-community-pharmacies-pharmacists-perspectives
#2
Tin Fei Sim, H Laetitia Hattingh, Jillian Sherriff, Lisa B G Tee
BACKGROUND: The scope of community pharmacy practice has expanded over the years. Pharmacists are now involved in the provision of a range of professional services. Pharmacists have regular contact with breastfeeding women, and are perceived as easily accessible, trusted health advisors. There is limited information on factors needed to be considered when implementing breastfeeding-related services in pharmacies to meet the needs of this population group. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore community pharmacists' perspectives on the implementation of breastfeeding-related services, the factors to consider and the required implementation strategies in community pharmacies...
March 10, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324739/generalizable-learning-practice-makes-perfect-but%C3%A2-at-what
#3
Aaron R Seitz
Practising a task can produce learning that generalizes to other tasks. Measurement of such generalization is complicated by how generalization doesn't always manifest simply as better performance on the new task, but also in the form of faster learning.
March 20, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317474/young-general-practitioners-professional-activities-a-survey-in-the-french-speaking-part-of-belgium
#4
Anne-Laure Lenoir, Lou Richelle, Frédéric Ketterer, Bénédicte Fraipont, Marion Cayn, Christiane Duchesnes, Sophie Leconte
INTRODUCTION: This study described the professional activities of graduates of the Advanced Master of General Practice of the Belgian French-speaking universities from 1999 to 2013 and identified factors influencing their situation. METHODS: Between November 2014 and June 2015, all graduates were asked to complete a questionnaire concerning their professional activities. The first part of the analysis described the respondent's socio-demographic and professional characteristics...
March 20, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316280/predicting-fitness-to-practise-events-in-international-medical-graduates-who-registered-as-uk-doctors-via-the-professional-and-linguistic-assessments-board-plab-system-a-national-cohort-study
#5
Paul A Tiffin, Lewis W Paton, Lazaro M Mwandigha, John C McLachlan, Jan Illing
BACKGROUND: International medical graduates working in the UK are more likely to be censured in relation to fitness to practise compared to home graduates. Performance on the General Medical Council's (GMC's) Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board (PLAB) tests and English fluency have previously been shown to predict later educational performance in this group of doctors. It is unknown whether the PLAB system is also a valid predictor of unprofessional behaviour and malpractice...
March 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301791/professional-and-psychosocial-factors-affecting-the-intention-to-retire-of-australian-medical-practitioners
#6
Chanaka Wijeratne, Joanne K Earl, Carmelle Peisah, Georgina M Luscombe, Johanna Tibbertsma
OBJECTIVE: To determine the professional and personal factors associated with the intention to retire (ITR) by medical practitioners. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Cross-sectional survey of currently practising Australian doctors aged 55 or older registered with a commercial database. Participants completed an online self-report questionnaire in October 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Associations between intention to retire and demographic and practice characteristics; health; emotional, social and financial resources; work centrality; and anxiety about ageing...
March 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299527/do-pharmacists-use-social-media-for-patient-care
#7
Arcelio Benetoli, Timothy F Chen, Marion Schaefer, Betty Chaar, Parisa Aslani
Background Social media are frequently used by consumers and healthcare professionals. However, it is not clear how pharmacists use social media as part of their daily professional practice. Objective This study investigated the role social media play in pharmacy practice, particularly in patient care and how pharmacists interact online with patients and laypeople. Setting Face-to-face, telephone, or Skype interviews with practising pharmacists (n = 31) from nine countries. Method In-depth semi-structured interviews; audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and thematically analysed...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284106/have-i-grooved-to-this-before-discriminating-practised-and-observed-actions-in-a-novel-context
#8
Dilini K Sumanapala, Laurel A Fish, Alex L Jones, Emily S Cross
Learning a new motor skill typically requires converting actions observed from a third-person perspective into fluid motor commands executed from a first-person perspective. In the present study, we test the hypothesis that during motor learning, the ability to discriminate between actions that have been observed and actions that have been executed is associated with learning aptitude, as assessed by a general measure of physical performance. Using a multi-day dance-training paradigm with a group of dance-naïve participants, we investigated whether actions that had been regularly observed could be discriminated from similar actions that had been physically practised over the course of three days, or a further set of similar actions that remained untrained...
March 8, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257852/application-of-the-expanded-creme-rifm-consumer-exposure-model-to-fragrance-ingredients-in-cosmetic-personal-care-and-air-care-products
#9
B Safford, A M Api, C Barratt, D Comiskey, G Ellis, C McNamara, C O'Mahony, S Robison, J Rose, B Smith, S Tozer
As part of a joint project between the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials (RIFM) and Creme Global, a Monte Carlo model (here named the Creme RIFM model) has been developed to estimate consumer exposure to ingredients in personal care products. Details of the model produced in Phase 1 of the project have already been published. Further data on habits and practises have been collected which enable the model to estimate consumer exposure from dermal, oral and inhalation routes for 25 product types. . In addition, more accurate concentration data have been obtained which allow levels of fragrance ingredients in these product types to be modelled...
February 28, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256386/-reliability-study-on-the-interpretation-of-electrocardiograms-by-general-practitioners-and-trainees
#10
F J Alonso Moreno, R Orueta Sánchez, A Segura Fragoso, A I Rabadán Velasco, L Luna Del Pozo, A Villarín Castro, M Baquero Alonso, L Rodríguez Padial
OBJECTIVE: To determine the reliability of the interpretation of electrocardiograms (ECG) by general practitioners and those in training by making a comparison with the interpretation made by the cardiologist. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational study was conducted that included general practitioners working in the Toledo Health Area, physicians during their training in Family and Community Medicine, and cardiologists in their first 3 years of specialist training (R1-R3)...
February 27, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254660/australia-wide-assessment-of-perfluoroalkyl-substances-pfass-in-landfill-leachates
#11
C Gallen, D Drage, G Eaglesham, S Grant, M Bowman, J F Mueller
Leachate from 27 landfills was analysed for nine perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs). Five PFASs were detected ubiquitously, with perfluorohexanoate (PFHxA) the predominant PFAS (mean 1700ng/L; range 73-25,000ng/L). Despite the complexity of landfill-specific factors, some general trends in PFAS concentrations were observed. Mean concentrations of eight PFASs were higher in operating landfills (or landfill cells) accepting primarily municipal waste, compared to closed municipal landfills. Landfills accepting primarily construction and demolition wastes produced leachate that had higher mean PFAS concentrations than municipal landfills...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246897/four-year-outcomes-of-restored-posterior-tooth-surfaces-a-massive-data-analysis
#12
Michael Raedel, Andrea Hartmann, Steffen Bohm, Heinz-Werner Priess, Stefanie Samietz, Ioannis Konstantinidis, Michael H Walter
OBJECTIVES: There is only sparse knowledge concerning the outcomes of treatments with posterior permanent restorations in general practice settings. This study aimed at evaluating outcomes based on a large dataset by using a novel approach on a tooth surface basis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study based on routine data from a major German national health insurance company. Respective treatment fee codes allowed for tracking the clinical courses on a tooth surface level...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244064/support-for-healthy-breastfeeding-mothers-with-healthy-term-babies
#13
REVIEW
Alison McFadden, Anna Gavine, Mary J Renfrew, Angela Wade, Phyll Buchanan, Jane L Taylor, Emma Veitch, Anne Marie Rennie, Susan A Crowther, Sara Neiman, Stephen MacGillivray
BACKGROUND: There is extensive evidence of important health risks for infants and mothers related to not breastfeeding. In 2003, the World Health Organization recommended that infants be breastfed exclusively until six months of age, with breastfeeding continuing as an important part of the infant's diet until at least two years of age. However, current breastfeeding rates in many countries do not reflect this recommendation. OBJECTIVES: To describe forms of breastfeeding support which have been evaluated in controlled studies, the timing of the interventions and the settings in which they have been used...
February 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239951/the-technical-efficiency-of-oral-healthcare-provision-evaluating-role-substitution-in-national-health-service-dental-practices-in-england
#14
Harry Hill, Stephen Birch, Martin Tickle, Ruth McDonald, Paul Brocklehurst
OBJECTIVES: In many countries increasing use is being made of dental care professionals (DCPs) to provide aspects of clinical activity previously undertaken by dentists. This study evaluates the differences in practice efficiency associated with the utilisation of DCPs in the provision of General Dental Services in the National Health Service (NHS) in England. METHODS: One hundred twenty-one NHS practices completed a questionnaire and shared practice information held at the NHS Business Services Authority...
February 27, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236208/seeking-evidence-of-multidisciplinarity-in-environmental-geochemistry-and-health-an-analysis-of-arsenic-in-drinking-water-research
#15
Abiodun D Aderibigbe, Alex G Stewart, Andrew S Hursthouse
A multidisciplinary approach to research affords the opportunity of objectivity, creation of new knowledge and potentially a more generally acceptable solution to problems that informed the research in the first place. It increasingly features in national programmes supporting basic and applied research, but for over 40 years, has been the arena for many research teams in environmental geochemistry and health. This study explores the nature of multidisciplinary research in the earth and health sciences using a sample selected from co-authored articles reporting research on arsenic (As) in drinking water from 1979 to 2013...
February 24, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220333/developing-skilled-doctor-patient-communication-in-the-workplace-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-trainees-and-clinical-supervisors
#16
Esther Giroldi, Wemke Veldhuijzen, Kristel Geelen, Jean Muris, Frits Bareman, Herman Bueving, Trudy van der Weijden, Cees van der Vleuten
To inform the development of recommendations to facilitate learning of skilled doctor-patient communication in the workplace, this qualitative study explores experiences of trainees and supervisors regarding how trainees learn communication and how supervisors support trainees' learning in the workplace. We conducted a qualitative study in a general practice training setting, triangulating various sources of data to obtain a rich understanding of trainees and supervisors' experiences: three focus group discussions, five discussions during training sessions and five individual interviews...
February 20, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211246/dna-amplification-in-the-field-move-over-pcr-here-comes-lamp
#17
Patricia L M Lee
It would not be an exaggeration to say that among molecular technologies, it is PCR (polymerase chain reaction) that underpins the discipline of molecular ecology as we know it today. With PCR, it has been possible to target the amplification of particular fragments of DNA, which can then be analysed in a multitude of ways. The capability of PCR to amplify DNA from a mere handful of copies further means that conservationists and ecologists are able to sample DNA unobtrusively and with minimal disturbance to the environment and the organisms of interest...
March 2017: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197622/-practicing-veterinarians-perception-of-bovine-ringworm-as-herd-health-problem
#18
Joachim L Kleen, Tatjana Andres, Ulrike Exner, Regina Strie
OBJECTIVE: Bovine ringworm (tinea) is generally described as a disease occurring regularly in cattle. Actual data are rare, whereas the disease is regularly reported in case reports. To eradicate bovine ringworm, perception as well as measures, including hygiene and disinfection, are required. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a course for continuing education, 378 practicing veterinarians were asked in a questionnaire to state their view on bovine ringworm. RESULTS: The majority of the participants stated that ringworm was not satisfactorily perceived as an animal health problem and that the zoonotic potential was underestimated...
February 15, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186938/an-online-questionnaire-survey-of-uk-general-practitioners-knowledge-and-management-of-familial-hypercholesterolaemia
#19
See Kwok, Jing Pang, Safwaan Adam, Gerald F Watts, Handrean Soran
OBJECTIVE: Early diagnosis and treatment of heterozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia (HeFH) is known to be associated with reduced mortality from premature coronary artery disease, but HeFH remains underdiagnosed. This survey aims to determine knowledge and current management of HeFH in general practice. SETTING: An online questionnaire was administered to general practitioners' (GPs') in the North West of England to assess their knowledge and management of HeFH...
November 9, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184017/an-update-of-the-hong-kong-epilepsy-guideline-consensus-statement-on-the-use-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-hong-kong
#20
J Ky Fong, E Ly Chan, H Leung, I Chan, R Sk Chang, G Cy Fong, E Lw Fung, C Ht Lui, B Bh Fung, T L Poon, D Siu, H T Wong, E Yeung, A Wy Yung, C Xl Zhu
OBJECTIVE: New information about antiepileptic drugs has arisen since the publication of the Hong Kong Epilepsy Guideline in 2009. This article set out to fill the knowledge gap between 2007 and 2016 on the use of antiepileptic drugs in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: Between May 2014 and April 2016, four consensus meetings were held in Hong Kong, where a group comprising 15 professionals (neurologists, paediatricians, neurosurgeons, radiologists, and clinical psychologists) from both public and private sectors aimed to review the best available evidence and update all practising physicians on a range of clinical issues including drug-related matters...
February 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
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