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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903617/review-of-egg-related-salmonellosis-and-reduction-strategies-in-united-states-australia-united-kingdom-and-new-zealand
#1
Kapil Chousalkar, Richard Gast, Francesca Martelli, Vivek Pande
Globally, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica is one of the most commonly reported causes of foodborne illness in humans. Contaminated food products of animal origin, particularly egg and egg products are frequently implicated in outbreaks of human salmonellosis. Salmonella enteritidis is frequently involved in egg and egg products-associated foodborne outbreaks in the USA and UK. However, in Australia and New Zealand, human infections caused by this serovar occur as a result of infection acquired while overseas travel, with Salmonella typhimurium being a predominant cause of local foodborne outbreaks...
September 14, 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893767/gps-perceptions-of-resilience-training-a-qualitative-study
#2
Anna Cheshire, John Hughes, George Lewith, Maria Panagioti, David Peters, Chantal Simon, Damien Ridge
BACKGROUND: GPs are reporting increasing levels of burnout, stress, and job dissatisfaction, and there is a looming GP shortage. Promoting resilience is a key strategy for enhancing the sustainability of the healthcare workforce and improving patient care. AIM: To explore GPs' perspectives on the content, context, and acceptability of resilience training programmes in general practice, in order to build more effective GP resilience programmes. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a qualitative study of the perspectives of GPs currently practising in England...
September 11, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883584/social-media-and-professionalism-a-retrospective-content-analysis-of-fitness-to-practise-cases-heard-by-the-gdc-concerning-social-media-complaints
#3
P Neville
Introduction Since 2013, all General Dental Council (GDC) registrants' online activities have been regulated by the GDC's social media guidelines. Failure to comply with these guidelines results in a Fitness to Practise (FtP) complaint being investigated.Aims This study explores the prevalence of social media related FtP cases investigated by the GDC from 1 September 2013 to 21 June 2016.Method Documentary analysis of social media related FtP cases published on the GDC's website was undertaken. All cases that met the study's inclusion criteria were analysed using a quantitative content analysis framework...
September 8, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880695/influences-on-students-assistive-technology-use-at-school-the-views-of-classroom-teachers-allied-health-professionals-students-with-cerebral-palsy-and-their-parents
#4
Petra Karlsson, Christine Johnston, Katrina Barker
PURPOSE: This study explored how classroom teachers, allied health professionals, students with cerebral palsy, and their parents view high-tech assistive technology service delivery in the classroom. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with six classroom teachers and six parents and their children were conducted. Additionally, two focus groups comprising 10 occupational therapists and six speech pathologists were carried out. Ethical and confidentiality considerations meant that the groups were not matched...
September 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876680/registrar-perceptions-on-general-surgical-training-in-south-africa-a-report-by-the-south-african-society-of-surgeons-in-training-sassit
#5
N Patel, A Leusink, N Singh, M Z Koto, T Luvhengo
BACKGROUND: Surgical training varies significantly even amongst universities within the same country. This trend is reflected in South Africa and provides an opportunity for innovation to improve the quality of general surgical training. METHOD: A prospective descriptive study was performed by means of a confidential questionnaire distributed to general surgical registrars at all 8 training centres in South Africa. Participants were asked to give comments regarding adequacy of formal academic teaching, level of supervision during surgical procedures, exposure to and training in minimally invasive surgery (MIS), and preparation for examinations...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875021/what-macromolecular-crystallogenesis-tells-us-what-is-needed-in-the-future
#6
REVIEW
Richard Giegé
Crystallogenesis is a longstanding topic that has transformed into a discipline that is mainly focused on the preparation of crystals for practising crystallo-graphers. Although the idiosyncratic features of proteins have to be taken into account, the crystallization of proteins is governed by the same physics as the crystallization of inorganic materials. At present, a diversified panel of crystallization methods adapted to proteins has been validated, and although only a few methods are in current practice, the success rate of crystallization has increased constantly, leading to the determination of ∼10(5) X-ray structures...
July 1, 2017: IUCrJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874243/central-regional-anaesthesia-in-patients-with-aortic-stenosis-a-systematic-review
#7
Sofia Johansson, Morten Nikolaj Lind
INTRODUCTION: Aortic stenosis is a valvular lesion that poses several haemodynamic challenges for the anaesthesiologist. The use of central regional anaesthesia is traditionally regarded as contraindicated in patients with severe aortic stenosis due to its sympatholytic effect, potentially causing loss of vascular tone and ultimately diminished cardiac output. The aim of this paper was to review current literature to find evidence for or against the use of neuroaxial blockade in patients with aortic stenosis...
September 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844171/a-clinical-decision-making-algorithm-for-penicillin-allergy
#8
Angèle Soria, Elodie Autegarden, Emmanuelle Amsler, Hafida Gaouar, Amandine Vial, Camille Francès, Jean-Eric Autegarden
BACKGROUND: About 10% of subjects report suspected penicillin allergy, but 85-90% of these patients are not truly allergic and could safely receive beta-lactam antibiotics Objective: To design and validate a clinical decision-making algorithm, based on anamnesis (chronology, severity, and duration of the suspected allergic reactions) and reaching a 100% sensitivity and negative predictive value, to assess allergy risk related to a penicillin prescription in general practise. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: All patients were included prospectively and explorated based on ENDA/EAACI recommendations...
August 26, 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821521/effectiveness-of-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-in-patients-with-diabetes-protocol-for-a-nested-case-control-study
#9
Ludovic Casanova, Sébastien Cortaredona, Jean Gaudart, Odile Launay, Philippe Vanhems, Patrick Villani, Pierre Verger
INTRODUCTION: Seasonal influenza vaccination (SIV) is recommended for people with diabetes, but its effectiveness has not been demonstrated. All of the available studies are observational and marred with the healthy vaccine bias, that is, bias resulting from the generally better health behaviours practised by people who choose to be vaccinated against influenza, compared with those who do not. This protocol is intended to study the effectiveness of SIV in people with treated diabetes and simultaneously to control for bias...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820152/back-pain-in-ophthalmology-national-survey-of-indian-ophthalmologists
#10
Ramesh Venkatesh, Sumit Kumar
PURPOSE: The aim is to assess the prevalence, severity, and associations of back pain among Indian ophthalmologists. METHODS: A self-reporting questionnaire was sent to ophthalmologists with valid e-mail addresses registered with the All India Ophthalmological Society. The survey was open for responses for 2 months. RESULTS: A total of 651 (5.96%) responses were obtained; 394 (61%) males and 257 (39%) females. Half (50%) of responses were obtained from doctors belonging to 31-40 years' age group...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818048/identification-of-cancer-risk-and-associated-behaviour-implications-for-social-marketing-campaigns-for-cancer-prevention
#11
Rebecca Kippen, Erica James, Bernadette Ward, Penny Buykx, Ardel Shamsullah, Wendy Watson, Kathy Chapman
BACKGROUND: Community misconception of what causes cancer is an important consideration when devising communication strategies around cancer prevention, while those initiating social marketing campaigns must decide whether to target the general population or to tailor messages for different audiences. This paper investigates the relationships between demographic characteristics, identification of selected cancer risk factors, and associated protective behaviours, to inform audience segmentation for cancer prevention social marketing...
August 17, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809084/practice-characteristics-and-service-provision-rates-of-dental-hygienists-in-australia
#12
N Amarasena, D N Teusner, D S Brennan, J Satur
INTRODUCTION: Dental hygienists (DHs) have been practising in Australia since the early 1970s. OBJECTIVE: This study describes the clinical activity of Australian DHs. METHODS: A questionnaire was mailed to members of two professional associations representing DHs. Practitioner characteristics, employment characteristics and clinical activity on a self-reported typical practice day were collected. The proportion of each service item of all services provided was estimated...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793952/maintaining-capacity-for-in-practice-teaching-and-supervision-of-students-and-general-practice-trainees-a-cross-sectional-study-of-early-career-general-practitioners
#13
Nigel Catzikiris, Amanda Tapley, Simon Morgan, Elizabeth G Holliday, Jean Ball, Kim Henderson, Taryn Elliott, Neil Spike, Cathy Regan, Parker Magin
Objectives Expanding learner cohorts of medical students and general practitioner (GP) vocational trainees and the impending retirement of the 'baby boomer' GP cohort threaten the teaching and supervisory capacity of the Australian GP workforce. Engaging newly qualified GPs is essential to sustaining this workforce training capacity. The aim of the present study was to establish the prevalence and associations of in-practice clinical teaching and supervision in early career GPs.Methods The present study was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study of recent (within 5 years) alumni of three of Australia's 17 regional general practice training programs...
August 10, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780876/the-pituri-learning-circle-central-australian-aboriginal-women-s-knowledge-and-practices-around-the-use-of-i-nicotiana-i-spp-as-a-chewing-tobacco
#14
Angela M Ratsch, Andrea Mason, Linda Rive, Fiona E Bogossian, Kathryn J Steadman
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco smoking has a range of known and predictable adverse outcomes, and across the world sustained smoking reduction campaigns are targeted towards reducing individual and public risk and harm. Conversely, more than 87 million women, mostly in low- and middle-income countries, use smokeless tobacco, yet the research examining the effect of this form of tobacco exposure on women is remarkably scant. In central Australia, the chewing of wild <i>Nicotiana</i> spp...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768891/the-evolution-of-dual-meat-and-milk-cattle-husbandry-in-linearbandkeramik-societies
#15
Rosalind E Gillis, Lenka Kovačiková, Stéphanie Bréhard, Emilie Guthmann, Ivana Vostrovská, Hana Nohálová, Rose-Marie Arbogast, László Domboróczki, Joachim Pechtl, Alexander Anders, Arkadiusz Marciniak, Anne Tresset, Jean-Denis Vigne
Cattle dominate archaeozoological assemblages from the north-central Europe between the sixth and fifth millennium BC and are frequently considered as exclusively used for their meat. Dairy products may have played a greater role than previously believed. Selective pressure on the lactase persistence mutation has been modelled to have begun between 6000 and 4000 years ago in central Europe. The discovery of milk lipids in late sixth millennium ceramic sieves in Poland may reflect an isolated regional peculiarity for cheese making or may signify more generalized milk exploitation in north-central Europe during the Early Neolithic...
August 16, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753875/islam-and-the-urinary-stoma-a-contemporary-theological-and-urological-dilemma
#16
Saiful Miah, Altaf Mangera, Nadir I Osman, Suresh Venugopal, James Catto, Derek Rosario
BACKGROUND: The prayer ritual is an essential component of Islam that requires entry into a state of physical purity (wudhu) through ablution, which is invalidated by voiding. An important dilemma for patients and surgeons may arise when a Muslim patient is counselled on cystectomy because of the belief by some that an incontinent urinary diversion will automatically invalidate their wudhu. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are any religious barriers and implications for Muslim patients undergoing an incontinent urinary diversion...
July 13, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721175/conducting-a-surveillance-problem-analysis-on-poor-feedback-from-reference-laboratory-liberia-february-2016
#17
Joseph Asamoah Frimpong, Maame Pokuah Amo-Addae, Peter Adebayo Adewuyi, Casey Daniel Hall, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Thomas Knue Nagbe
The laboratory plays a major role in surveillance, including confirming the start and end of an outbreak. Knowing the causative agent for an outbreak informs the development of response strategies and management plans for a public health event. However, issues and challenges may arise that limit the effectiveness or efficiency of laboratories in surveillance. This case study applies a systematic approach to analyse gaps in laboratory surveillance, thereby improving the ability to mitigate these gaps. Although this case study concentrates on factors resulting in poor feedback from the laboratory, practise of this general approach to problem analysis will confer skills required in analysing most public health issues...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717283/training-pathways-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-across-the-globe-a-mini-review
#18
REVIEW
Sanjeev Kumar
Due to historical reasons, many different training pathways exist across countries that lead to a degree in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Although it is generally accepted to be a specialty of dentistry, the complex nature of procedures being performed by OMF surgeons today, has necessitated extensive general surgical training. Many countries have thus made dual qualification mandatory, while others have extended training programs in OMFS with integrated medical teaching. In India, frequent contact with foriegn experts, availability of world-class equipment and efforts of individual surgeons has ensured that the full scope of OMFS is practised in select centres of learning...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714342/a-multicentre-study-of-how-goal-setting-is-practised-during-inpatient-stroke-rehabilitation
#19
Sarah Plant, Sarah F Tyson
OBJECTIVE: To describe goal-setting during inpatient stroke rehabilitation. DESIGN: There were two stages: an electronic questionnaire for multidisciplinary teams and an analysis of goal-setting documentation for rehabilitation patients. SETTING: Five inpatient stroke units. PARTICIPANTS: Staff involved in goal-setting and patients undergoing stroke rehabilitation. RESULTS: A total of 13 therapists and 49 patients were recruited, and 351 documented goals were examined...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710208/primary-care-workforce-and-continuous-medical-education-in-china-lessons-to-learn-from-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#20
William C W Wong, ShanZhu Zhu, Jason J Ong, MingHui Peng, Cindy L K Lam, Michael R Kidd, Martin Roland, SunFang Jiang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the education and training background of Chinese community health centres (CHCs) staff, continuous medical education (CME) and factors affecting participation in CME. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Community health centres (CHCs). PARTICIPANTS: All doctors and nurses working in selected CHCs (excluding those solely practising traditional Chinese Medicine). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: CME recorded by CHCs and self-reported CME participation...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
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