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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624928/a-survey-analysis-of-indigenous-goat-production-in-communal-farming-systems-of-botswana
#1
P I Monau, C Visser, S J Nsoso, E Van Marle-Köster
A total of 153 communal farmers in four agro-ecological regions of Botswana were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. The aims of the survey were to characterise existing communal goat production systems, evaluate the importance of goats to farmers and identify breeding practices and constraints encountered in goat production in Botswana. Data was collected on socio-economic parameters, general and breeding management practices and major constraints limiting goat production in Botswana. All respondents were small-scale communal farmers with 63% respondents practising mixed crop-livestock farming and 37% keeping livestock as their primary activity...
June 17, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621642/spectrum-and-antibiotic-resistance-of-uropathogens-between-2004-and-2015-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-hungary
#2
András Magyar, Béla Köves, Károly Nagy, András Dobák, Vinodh Kumar Adithyaa Arthanareeswaran, Péter Bálint, Florian Wagenlehner, Péter Tenke
PURPOSE: Surveillance of the bacterial spectrum and antibiotic-resistance patterns of locally occurring uropathogens is essential to serve as a basis for empirical treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs), as antibiotic-resistance rates may vary geographically with significant differences between countries and regions, and with time. METHODOLOGY: We retrospectively analysed all urine samples taken in the department of urology in a tertiary care hospital in Hungary from January 2004 to December 2015...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612934/rural-specialists-the-nature-of-their-work-and-professional-satisfaction-by-geographical-location-of-work
#3
Belinda O'Sullivan, Matthew McGrail, Deborah Russell
OBJECTIVE: Systematically describe the characteristics of rural specialists, their work and job satisfaction by geographical location of work. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Three thousand, four hundred and seventy-nine medical specialists participating in the 2014 Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) survey of doctors. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Location of practise, whether metropolitan, large (>50 000 population) or small regional centres (<50 000 population)...
June 14, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584345/anaesthesia-for-electroconvulsive-therapy-an-overview-with-an-update-on-its-role-in-potentiating-electroconvulsive-therapy
#4
REVIEW
Pavan Kumar Kadiyala, Lakshmi Deepthi Kadiyala
Despite advances in pharmacotherapy, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) remains a mainstay treatment option in psychiatry since its introduction in 1930s. It can be used primarily in severe illnesses when there is an urgent need for treatment or secondarily after failure or intolerance to pharmacotherapy. The 'unmodified' technique of ECT was practised initially, with a high incidence of musculoskeletal complications. Several modifications including general anaesthesia and muscle relaxation are used to increase the safety and patient acceptability of ECT...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573757/circuit-class-therapy-for-improving-mobility-after-stroke
#5
REVIEW
Coralie English, Susan L Hillier, Elizabeth A Lynch
BACKGROUND: Circuit class therapy (CCT) offers a supervised group forum for people after stroke to practise tasks, enabling increased practice time without increasing staffing. This is an update of the original review published in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness and safety of CCT on mobility in adults with stroke. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Trials Register (last searched January 2017), CENTRAL (the Cochrane Library, Issue 12, 2016), MEDLINE (1950 to January 2017), Embase (1980 to January 2017), CINAHL (1982 to January 2017), and 14 other electronic databases (to January 2017)...
June 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547999/a-long-term-self-managed-handwriting-intervention-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-results-from-the-control-group-of-a-phase-ii-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Johnny Collett, Marloes Franssen, Charlotte Winward, Hooshang Izadi, Andy Meaney, Wala Mahmoud, Marko Bogdanovic, Martin Tims, Derick Wade, Helen Dawes
OBJECTIVE: To report on the control group of a trial primarily designed to investigate exercise for improving mobility in people with Parkinson's disease (pwP). The control group undertook a handwriting intervention to control for attention and time spent practising a specific activity. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a two-arm parallel phase II randomized controlled trial with blind assessment. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: PwP able to walk ⩾100 m and with no contraindication to exercise were recruited from the Thames Valley, UK, and randomized (1:1) to exercise or handwriting, via a concealed computer-generated list...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543227/implant-dentistry-in-australia-the-present-and-future-a-survey-of-australian-dentists-and-specialists
#7
Y N Guo, J E Dudley, R M Logan, L C Richards
BACKGROUND: In recent years, implant dentistry has become a routine part of many general dental practices in Australia. However, there has been little information regarding its extent and scope. This investigation aimed to address this issue by surveying Australian general dental practitioners (GDPs) and relevant specialists regarding their practice of implant dentistry. METHODS: Anonymous electronic surveys were designed online using SurveyMonkey(™) and delivered to the following professional bodies: all seven State/Territory branches of the Australian Dental Association, the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Periodontists, the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, and prosthodontist members of the Australian Prosthodontic Society...
May 25, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494477/new-zealand-plastic-surgeons-life-time-contribution-to-peer-reviewed-literature
#8
Tess Brian, Brandon Adams
AIM: The New Zealand Medical Association commits the New Zealand doctor to evidence-based medicine, scholarship, teaching, collaboration and communication. To assess this commitment, one measure, contribution to the peer-reviewed literature, was examined for one group of New Zealand doctors: plastic surgeons. METHOD: Plastic surgeons with a current practising certificate were identified on the New Zealand medical register (April 2016). Scopus database was searched for publications by each...
May 12, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474405/teaching-leadership-the-medical-student-society-model
#9
Jacob H Matthews, Gabriella L Morley, Eleanor Crossley, Shivam Bhanderi
BACKGROUND: All health care professionals in the UK are expected to have the medical leadership and management (MLM) skills necessary for improving patient care, as stipulated by the UK General Medical Council (GMC). CONTEXT: Newly graduated doctors reported insufficient knowledge about leadership and quality improvement skills, despite all UK medical schools reporting that MLM is taught within their curriculum. INNOVATION: A medical student society organised a series of extracurricular educational events focusing on leadership topics...
May 5, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447854/healthy-diet-health-impact-prevalence-correlates-and-interventions
#10
REVIEW
Denise de Ridder, Floor Kroese, Catharine Evers, Marieke Adriaanse, Marleen Gillebaart
OBJECTIVE: To discuss healthy diet from a psychological perspective by considering definitions of healthy diet in terms of consumer understanding; the health effects of specific dietary elements in terms of overweight and (chronic) illness; the prevalence of healthy diet; the psychological and environmental determinants of healthy diet; and the psychological interventions that have been designed to promote healthy diet. DESIGN: A systematic review of the psychological literature on healthy diet...
August 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447352/dermoscopic-evaluation-of-melanonychia
#11
REVIEW
Hiroshi Koga
The prevalence of melanonychia is approximately 1%, and it is a common symptom encountered in daily practise. However, it may also be the first symptom of melanoma of the nail apparatus. Evaluation of adult melanonychia with clinical information and clinical images is sometimes difficult for clinicians. Dermoscopic observation provides important information based on the algorithm method. Melanonychia in children requires a different approach, because dermoscopic features observed in adult nail apparatus melanoma are generally observed in benign pediatric cases...
May 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446528/quitting-patient-care-and-career-break-intentions-among-general-practitioners-in-south-west-england-findings-of-a-census-survey-of-general-practitioners
#12
Emily Fletcher, Gary A Abel, Rob Anderson, Suzanne H Richards, Chris Salisbury, Sarah Gerard Dean, Anna Sansom, Fiona C Warren, John L Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Given recent concerns regarding general practitioner (GP) workforce capacity, we aimed to describe GPs' career intentions, especially those which might impact on GP workforce availability over the next 5 years. DESIGN: Census survey, conducted between April and June 2016 using postal and online responses , of all GPs on the National Health Service performers list and eligible to practise in primary care. Two reminders were used as necessary. SETTING: South West England (population 3...
April 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442462/patients-and-physiotherapists-belief-in-and-use-of-acupuncture-for-cancer-related-symptoms
#13
Anna Enblom
BACKGROUND: It is important to investigate attitudes to acupuncture, because therapists' and patients' expectations may affect the treatment outcome. AIM: To explore the use of and belief in acupuncture among oncological physiotherapists and to explore patients' interest in receiving acupuncture during cancer therapy and their belief in its effectiveness. METHODS: 522 patients (80% female, mean age 67 years) reported on their interest in receiving acupuncture for nausea during radiotherapy treatment; a subgroup (n=198) additionally disclosed their belief in the effectiveness of acupuncture...
April 25, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412978/the-need-for-harmonisation-and-innovation-of-neuropsychological-assessment-in-neurodegenerative-dementias-in-europe-consensus-document-of-the-joint-program-for-neurodegenerative-diseases-working-group
#14
REVIEW
Alberto Costa, Thomas Bak, Paolo Caffarra, Carlo Caltagirone, Mathieu Ceccaldi, Fabienne Collette, Sebastian Crutch, Sergio Della Sala, Jean François Démonet, Bruno Dubois, Emrah Duzel, Peter Nestor, Sokratis G Papageorgiou, Eric Salmon, Sietske Sikkes, Pietro Tiraboschi, Wiesje M van der Flier, Pieter Jelle Visser, Stefano F Cappa
Cognitive, behavioural, and functional assessment is crucial in longitudinal studies of neurodegenerative dementias (NDD). Central issues, such as the definition of the study population (asymptomatic, at risk, or individuals with dementia), the detection of change/decline, and the assessment of relevant outcomes depend on quantitative measures of cognitive, behavioural, and functional status.Currently, we are far from having available reliable protocols and tools for the assessment of dementias in Europe. The main problems are the heterogeneity of the tools used across different European countries, the lack of standardisation of administration and scoring methods across centres, and the limited information available about the psychometric properties of many tests currently in widespread use...
April 17, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412942/breast-cancer-screening-practices-of-african-migrant-women-in-australia-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#15
Olayide Oluyemisi Ogunsiji, Cannas Kwok, Lee Chun Fan
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most diagnosed cancer among women and a leading cause of mortality and morbidity, globally. Breast cancer mortality can be improved through routine cancer screening, yet migrant populations have lower participation rates. While African migrants are among the fastest growing migrant population in Australia, their breast cancer screening behaviour is under-studied. The aims of this study were to report breast cancer screening status of African migrant women and factors associated with their breast cancer screening behaviour in Australia...
April 17, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411404/patients-use-of-and-attitudes-towards-self-medication-in-rural-and-remote-slovenian-family-medicine-practices-a-cross-sectional-multicentre-study
#16
Zalika Klemenc-Ketis, Danijela Mitrovic
INTRODUCTION: Self-medication is very common in the general population, but its prevalence can differ according to the place of residence. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of self-medication in patients attending rural and remote family physicians, and to detect the important factors that are associated with it. METHODS: A cross-sectional multicentre study was performed in 24 rural and remote family medicine practices in Slovenia was performed...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404776/dry-habitats-were-crucibles-of-domestication-in-the-evolution-of-agriculture-in-ants
#17
Michael G Branstetter, Ana Ješovnik, Jeffrey Sosa-Calvo, Michael W Lloyd, Brant C Faircloth, Seán G Brady, Ted R Schultz
The evolution of ant agriculture, as practised by the fungus-farming 'attine' ants, is thought to have arisen in the wet rainforests of South America about 55-65 Ma. Most subsequent attine agricultural evolution, including the domestication event that produced the ancestor of higher attine cultivars, is likewise hypothesized to have occurred in South American rainforests. The 'out-of-the-rainforest' hypothesis, while generally accepted, has never been tested in a phylogenetic context. It also presents a problem for explaining how fungal domestication might have occurred, given that isolation from free-living populations is required...
April 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400075/review-of-general-dental-council-and-general-medical-council-fitness-to-practise-hearings-related-to-maxillofacial-surgery
#18
R Taylor, M H Ali, T E Howe, I Varley
Dually-registered specialists in oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) may be subject to disciplinary hearings by the General Medical Council (GMC) and the General Dental Council (GDC) for the same allegations, a phenomenon referred to as "double jeopardy" within the specialty. Previous efforts by both councils to simplify regulatory arrangements have made little progress. We have therefore reviewed the range and scope of fitness to practise (FTP) proceedings relevant to OMFS. We searched the online GMC register to find registered OMFS specialists and obtained FTP proceedings from 2004-2016 through a Freedom of Information request from the GDC...
July 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393606/how-work-setting-and-job-experience-affect-professional-nurses-values
#19
Ana Fernández-Feito, María Del Rosario Palmeiro-Longo, Salomé Basurto Hoyuelos, Vanesa García-Díaz
BACKGROUND: The development of professional values in nursing is directly related to quality and ethical clinical practise and may also increase practitioner and patients' satisfaction. Some factors, such as work setting or work experience, can influence the importance granted to the professional values of nursing. OBJECTIVES: To compare in primary care nurses and hospital care nurses the importance granted to professional values and to contrast this perception as a function of professional experience...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372544/prevalence-of-gmc-performance-assessments-in-the-united-kingdom-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis-by-country-of-medical-qualification
#20
L Mehdizadeh, H W W Potts, A Sturrock, J Dacre
BACKGROUND: The demographics of doctors working in the UK are changing. The United Kingdom (UK) has voted to leave the European Union (EU) and there is heightened political discourse around the world about the impact of migration on healthcare services. Previous work suggests that foreign trained doctors perform worse than UK graduates in postgraduate medical examinations. We analysed the prevalence by country of primary medical qualification of doctors who were required to take an assessment by the General Medical Council (GMC) because of performance concerns...
April 4, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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