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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781841/carbohydrates-and-diet-patterns-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
Ahlia Sekkarie, Jean A Welsh, Miriam B Vos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The primary treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children is lifestyle change, including a healthier diet. However, there are no agreed upon expert recommendations for a specific diet in the prevention or treatment of NAFLD. In this study, we review studies published between 2015 and 2017 contributing to further understanding of the role of diet in the development and progression of NAFLD, particularly those addressing sugars and dietary patterns...
May 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778471/influence-of-protein-content-and-storage-temperature-on-the-particle-morphology-and-flowability-characteristics-of-milk-protein-concentrate-powders
#2
Karthik Sajith Babu, Kaliramesh Siliveru, J K Amamcharla, Praveen V Vadlani, R P Kingsly Ambrose
Milk protein concentrate (MPC) powders are widely used as ingredients for food product formulations due to their nutritional profile and sensory attributes. Processing parameters, storage conditions, and composition influences the flow properties of MPC powders. This study investigated the bulk and shear flow properties of 70.3, 81.5, and 88.1% (wt/wt, protein content) MPC after storage for 12 wk at 25 and 40°C. Additionally, the morphological and functional changes of the MPC powders were investigated and correlated with flowability...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777231/dietary-protein-intake-in-school-age-children-and-detailed-measures-of-body-composition-the-generation-r-study
#3
Vincent Jen, Leonidas G Karagounis, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Oscar H Franco, Trudy Voortman
BACKGROUND: A high-protein diet in infancy increases the risk of obesity, but the effects of dietary protein intake in mid-childhood on body composition are unclear. Therefore, we studied associations of protein intake (total, animal and plant-sourced) at 8 years of age with anthropometric measures and body composition up to age 10 years. METHODS: We included 3991 children of the Generation R Study, a prospective cohort in the Netherlands. Dietary protein intake was assessed at 8 years of age using a food-frequency questionnaire and is expressed in energy percentage (E%)...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773684/when-fed-foods-with-similar-palatability-healthy-adult-dogs-and-cats-choose-different-macronutrient-compositions
#4
Jean A Hall, Jodi C Vondran, Melissa A Vanchina, Dennis E Jewell
Dogs and cats make short-term food choices based on palatability. We hypothesized that if palatability were masked, long-term food choices would be based on physiologic requirements, and circulating metabolite concentrations would reflect those choices. Four experimental foods with similar palatability, but varying in macronutrient composition, were prepared for healthy adult dogs (n=17) and cats (n=27). Food 1 was high protein; Food 2 was high fat; Food 3 was high carbohydrates; and Food 4 was balanced for macronutrients...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772833/the-effect-of-increasing-the-protein-content-of-human-milk-fortifier-to-1-8-g-100-ml-on-growth-in-preterm-infants-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Jessica Reid, Maria Makrides, Andrew J McPhee, Michael J Stark, Jacqueline Miller, Carmel T Collins
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of feeding high protein human milk fortifier (HMF) on growth in preterm infants. In this single-centre randomised trial, 60 infants born 28⁻32 weeks' gestation were randomised to receive a higher protein HMF providing 1.8 g protein ( n = 31) or standard HMF providing 1 g protein per 100 mL expressed breast milk (EBM) ( n = 29). The primary outcome was rate of weight gain. Baseline characteristics were similar between groups. There was no difference between high and standard HMF groups for weight gain (mean difference (MD) -14 g/week; 95% CI -32, 4; p = 0...
May 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772827/physicochemical-nutritional-and-organoleptic-characterization-of-a-skimmed-goat-milk-fermented-with-the-probiotic-strain-lactobacillus-plantarum-c4
#6
Miriam Moreno-Montoro, Miguel Navarro-Alarcón, Triana Bergillos-Meca, Rafael Giménez-Martínez, Silvia Sánchez-Hernández, Manuel Olalla-Herrera
The benefits of goat milk, fermented milks, and probiotics for the humans are well documented. In this study, a novel fermented goat milk was manufactured with the putative probiotic strain Lactobacillus plantarum C4 together with L. bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus . Ultrafiltration was chosen as the skimmed milk concentration method because it produced the best viscosity and syneresis and a high casein content. The viability rate of all bacterial strains was >10⁷ cfu/mL, even after 5 weeks of storage or after in vitro gastrointestinal digestion, which is especially important for exertion of the probiotic strain functionalities...
May 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767145/an-increase-in-corn-resistant-starch-decreases-protein-fermentation-and-modulates-gut-microbiota-during-in-vitro-cultivation-of-pig-large-intestinal-inocula
#7
Xiangyu He, Weiwei Sun, Ting Ge, Chunlong Mu, Weiyun Zhu
High-protein diet could cause an increase in protein fermentation in the large intestine, leading to an increased production of potentially detrimental metabolites. We hypothesized that an increase in corn resistant starch content may attenuate the protein fermentation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of resistant starch on protein fermentation by inocula from large intestine of pigs using in vitro cultivation. Fermentation patterns were analyzed during a 24-h incubation of cecal and colonic digesta with varying corn resistant starch contents, using casein protein as sole nitrogen source...
September 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764381/isolation-of-mycobacterium-arupense-from-pleural-effusion-culprit-or-not
#8
Xian Zhou, Qiaoling Ruan, Weimin Jiang, Xinyu Wang, Yuan Jiang, Shenglei Yu, Yu Xu, Jing Li, Yangyi Zhang, Wenhong Zhang, Yuekai Hu
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium arupense, first identified in 2006, is a slow-growing nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) and an emerging cause of tenosynovitis, potentially associated with immunosuppression. However, unlike the diagnostic value of its isolation from osteoarticular specimens, the significance of detecting M. arupense in respiratory specimens is not yet clear. CASE PRESENTATION: To our knowledge, we, for the first time, described the identification of M...
May 15, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762478/insulin-sensitivity-and-glucose-homeostasis-can-be-influenced-by-metabolic-acid-load
#9
REVIEW
Lucio Della Guardia, Michael Alex Thomas, Hellas Cena
Recent epidemiological findings suggest that high levels of dietary acid load can affect insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism. Consumption of high protein diets results in the over-production of metabolic acids which has been associated with the development of chronic metabolic disturbances. Mild metabolic acidosis has been shown to impair peripheral insulin action and several epidemiological findings suggest that metabolic acid load markers are associated with insulin resistance and impaired glycemic control through an interference intracellular insulin signaling pathways and translocation...
May 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759236/rapid-synthesis-of-three-dimensional-sulfur-doped-porous-graphene-via-solid-state-microwave-irradiation-for-protein-removal-in-plasma-sample-pretreatment
#10
Fan Li, Linyi Lu, Die Gao, Min Wang, Dandan Wang, Zhining Xia
In this work, we prepared three-dimensional sulfur-doped porous graphene (3D-SPG) via solid-state microwave method and first introduced it to plasma sample pretreatment as adsorbent for the removal of proteins. The efficient heating effect of solid-state microwave irradiation endowed the as-prepared 3D-SPG with large specific surface area, porous structures and sulfur-doped conjugated π electron surface, thus producing an outstanding adsorbent for proteins adsorption. The adsorption behavior of 3D-SPG towards proteins was explored using bovine serum albumin (BSA) as the model protein and several kinetic models and isotherm models were employed to describe the adsorption process...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758103/evaluation-of-the-basophil-activation-test-and-skin-prick-testing-for-the-diagnosis-of-sesame-food-allergy
#11
Michael Y Appel, Liat Nachshon, Arnon Elizur, Michael B Levy, Yitzhak Katz, Michael R Goldberg
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of sesame food allergy (SFA) has increased over recent years, with the potential of anaphylactic reactions upon exposure. Oral food challenge (OFC) remains the diagnostic standard, yet its implementation may be risky. Commercial skin prick tests (SPT) have a low sensitivity. Investigation of alternate diagnostic methods is warranted. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of SPT and the basophil activation test (BAT) for SFA diagnosis. METHODS: Eighty-two patients with suspected SFA completed an open OFC to sesame or reported a recent confirmed reaction...
May 14, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755164/mass-measurements-of-focal-adhesions-in-single-cells-using-high-resolution-surface-plasmon-resonance-microscopy
#12
Alexander W Peterson, Michael Halter, Alessandro Tona, Anne L Plant, John T Elliott
Surface plasmon resonance microscopy (SPRM) is a powerful label-free imaging technique with spatial resolution approaching the optical diffraction limit. The high sensitivity of SPRM to small changes in index of refraction at an interface allows imaging of dynamic protein structures within a cell. Visualization of subcellular features, such as focal adhesions (FAs), can be performed on live cells using a high numerical aperture objective lens with a digital light projector to precisely position the incident angle of the excitation light...
2018: Proceedings of SPIE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754092/influence-of-monsoonal-recharge-on-arsenic-and-dissolved-organic-matter-in-the-holocene-and-pleistocene-aquifers-of-the-bengal-basin
#13
Harshad V Kulkarni, Natalie Mladenov, Saugata Datta, Debashis Chatterjee
Arsenic (As) mobilization in the Bengal Basin aquifers has been studied for several decades due to the complex redox bio-geochemistry, dynamic hydrogeology and complex nature of dissolved organic matter (DOM). Earlier studies have examined the changes in groundwater As in the dry season before monsoon and during the wet season after monsoonal recharge. To investigate the more immediate influence of recharge during the active monsoon period on As mobilization and DOM character, groundwater samples were analyzed in the pre-monsoon and during the active monsoon period...
May 10, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752998/effect-of-protein-intake-beyond-habitual-intakes-following-resistance-training-on-cardiometabolic-risk-disease-parameters-in-pre-conditioned-older-women
#14
Rodrigo R Fernandes, Hellen C G Nabuco, Paulo Sugihara Junior, Edilaine F Cavalcanti, Crisieli M Tomeleri, Alex S Ribeiro, Décio S Barbosa, Danielle Venturini, Brad J Schoenfeld, Edilson S Cyrino
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of higher protein (HP) intake associated with resistance training (RT) on parameters of cardiometabolic risk disease (CMR). METHODS: A randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled design was conducted. Thirty-two pre-conditioned older women were randomized in two groups to receive 35 g of protein (high protein group - HP) or 35 g of placebo (low protein group - LP) after training sessions. The RT program was carried out over 12 weeks, 3 days per week and 3 sets of 8-12 repetitions...
May 9, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751919/effect-of-enzymatic-hydrolysis-on-bioactive-properties-and-allergenicity-of-cricket-gryllodes-sigillatus-protein
#15
Felicia Hall, Philip E Johnson, Andrea Liceaga
Food-derived bioactive peptides have gained attention for their role in preventing chronic diseases. Edible insects are viable sources of bioactive peptides owing to their high protein content and sustainable production. In this study, whole crickets (Gryllodes sigillatus) were alcalase-hydrolyzed to a degree of hydrolysis (DH) ranging from 15 to 85%. Antioxidant activity, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-IV)- inhibition of the cricket protein hydrolysates (CPH) were evaluated before and after simulated gastrointestinal digestion (SGD)...
October 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751305/organic-quinoa-chenopodium-quinoa-l-production-in-peru-environmental-hotspots-and-food-security-considerations-using-life-cycle-assessment
#16
Eduardo Cancino-Espinoza, Ian Vázquez-Rowe, Isabel Quispe
Quinoa is a plant that is cultivated in the Andean highlands across Peru and Bolivia. It is increasingly popular due to its high nutritive value and protein content. In particular, the cultivation of organic quinoa has grown substantially in recent years since it is the most demanded type of quinoa in the foreign market. Nevertheless, despite the interest that quinoa has generated in terms of its nutritional properties, little is known regarding the environmental profile of its production and processing. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to analyze the environmental impacts that are linked to the production and distribution of organic quinoa to the main export destinations through the application of the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology...
May 8, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748619/eukaryotic-translation-initiation-factor-4-gamma-1-eif4g1-is-upregulated-during-prostate-cancer-progression-and-modulates-cell-growth-and-metastasis
#17
Praveen Kumar Jaiswal, Sweaty Koul, Prakash S T Shanmugam, Hari K Koul
eIF4G1, a critical component of the eIF4F complex, is required for cap-dependent mRNA translation, a process necessary for tumor growth and survival. However, the role of eIF4G1 has not been evaluated in Prostate Cancer (PCa). We observed an increased eIF4G1 protein levels in PCa tissues as compared to normal tissues. Analysis of the TCGA data revealed that eIF4G1 gene expression positively correlated with higher tumor grade and stage. Furthermore, eIF4G1 was over-expressed and or amplified, in 16% patients with metastatic PCa (SU2C/PCF Dream Team dataset) and in 59% of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patients (Trento/Cornell/Broad dataset)...
May 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746712/a-change-in-posture-significantly-affects-plasma-concentrations-of-large-molecules-such-as-igg-antibodies
#18
Mattheus Thijs van Iersel, Maria I Velinova
In several studies with monoclonal antibodies, we observed spikes in plasma concentration profiles coinciding with a change of posture of study subjects. We hypothesized that these unexpected changes were due to fluid shifts from plasma to the interstitium. The objective of this study was to investigate size and time course of the change in total immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentration after a change in posture. Thirty-two healthy subjects were enrolled. After entry in the clinic, subjects remained upright for at least 1 hour, followed by IgG sampling...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744091/high-protein-s-activity-due-to-c4b-binding-protein-deficiency-in-a-34-year-old-surinamese-female-with-ischemic-retinopathy
#19
René Mulder, Jeroen K de Vries, Rogier P H M Müskens, André B Mulder, Michaël V Lukens
In this study, we present the first case of a 34-year-old Surinamese female with ischemic retinopathy and increased free protein S due to C4BP deficiency. Possibly, the low PS/C4BP complex level has increased the risk of arterial thrombosis in our patient.
May 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740241/study-on-impact-of-habitat-degradation-on-proximate-composition-and-amino-acid-profile-of-indian-major-carps-from-different-habitats
#20
Bilal Hussain, Tayyaba Sultana, Salma Sultana, Z Ahmed, Shahid Mahboob
This investigation is aimed to study an impact of habitat degradation on proximate composition and amino acid (AAs) profile of Catla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala collected from polluted, non-polluted area (upstream) and a commercial fish farm. The amino acid profile was estimated by the amino acid analyzer. C. catla collected from the polluted environment had highest lipid, protein and ash contents (12.04 ± 0.01, 13.45 ± 0.01 and 0.93 ± 0.03%, respectively). The high protein content (14...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
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