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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621209/habits-and-self-assessed-quality-of-life-negative-intrusive-thoughts-and-depressed-mood-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer-a-longitudinal-study
#1
David Bock, Eva Angenete, Anders Bjartell, Stefan Carlsson, Gunnar Steineck, Johan Stranne, Thordis Thorsteinsdottir, Peter Wiklund, Eva Haglind
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of self-assessed preoperative physical activity, alcohol consumption and smoking with self-assessed quality of life, negative intrusive thoughts and depressed mood after radical prostatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Laparoscopic Prostatectomy Robot Open (LAPPRO) trial was a prospective, controlled, non-randomized longitudinal trial of patients (n = 4003) undergoing radical prostatectomy at 14 centers in Sweden...
June 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620089/development-and-validation-of-risk-prediction-equations-to-estimate-survival-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-cohort-study
#2
Julia Hippisley-Cox, Carol Coupland
Objective To develop and externally validate risk prediction equations to estimate absolute and conditional survival in patients with colorectal cancer. Design Cohort study.Setting General practices in England providing data for the QResearch database linked to the national cancer registry.Participants 44 145 patients aged 15-99 with colorectal cancer from 947 practices to derive the equations. The equations were validated in 15 214 patients with colorectal cancer from 305 different QResearch practices and 437 821 patients with colorectal cancer from the national cancer registry...
June 15, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608916/value-and-application-of-trimodality-therapy-or-definitive-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-in-thoracic-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#3
Wei-Cheng Lin, Yi-Fang Ding, Han-Lin Hsu, Jer-Hwa Chang, Kevin Sheng-Po Yuan, Alexander T H Wu, Jyh-Ming Chow, Chia-Lun Chang, Shee-Uan Chen, Szu-Yuan Wu
BACKGROUND: Few large, prospective, randomized studies have investigated the value and optimal application of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery (trimodality therapy) or definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (TESCC). METHODS: The authors analyzed data from patients with TESCC in the Taiwan Cancer Registry database. To compare their outcomes, patients with TESCC were enrolled and categorized into the following groups according to treatment modality: group 1, those who underwent surgery alone; group 2, those who received trimodality therapy; and group 3, those who received definitive CCRT...
June 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601417/bmi-may-be-the-risk-factor-for-arytenoid-dislocation-caused-by-endotracheal-intubation-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#4
Zhewei Lou, Xianbo Yu, Yun Li, Honggang Duan, Pingping Zhang, Zhihong Lin
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the risk factors for postoperative arytenoid dislocation caused by endotracheal intubation. METHODS: From September 2014 to September 2016, the records of 28 patients with a history of postoperative arytenoid dislocation were reviewed. Patients matched in type of anesthesia and surgery were chosen as the control (n = 56). Recorded data for all patients were demographics, smoking status, alcoholic status, operation time, and anesthesia procedures...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600220/the-belgian-national-registry-on-chronic-pancreatitis-a-prospective-multi-centre-study-covering-more-than-800-patients-in-one-year
#5
M Fernandez, M Arvanitakis, C Musala, J Devière, W Van Steenbergen, V Putzeys, F Ausloos, B Bastens, P Gast, G Roeyen, F Berrevoet, I Scheers, M Delhaye, P H Deprez
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The epidemiology, natural history, complications, and therapeutic management of chronic pancreatitis (CP) are not well described at the national level. This multi-centre prospective observational study involving eight Belgian hospitals aimed to improve the understanding of these aspects of CP in Belgium. METHODS: All patients with a diagnosis of CP based on imaging were eligible for this study. Data were gathered regarding epidemiology, etiology, CP complications, and treatment modalities...
May 26, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562162/high-percentage-of-oral-lichen-planus-and-lichenoid-lesion-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinomas
#6
Hellevi M A Ruokonen, Aino Juurikivi, Timo Kauppila, Anna Maria Heikkinen, Riitta Seppänen-Kaijansinkko
OBJECTIVE: Oral lichen planus (OLP) and lichenoid lesions (OLL) are regarded as precursor lesions of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) with potential for malignant transformation. This potential is not clear due to difficulties in diagnosis of OLP and OLL. Our aim was therefore to evaluate previously identified OLP and OLL as precursor lesions in OSCC and to identify cancer related etiological factors such as smoking and alcohol consumption. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all cases (total 323, comprising 164 females and 159 males) with OSCC treated at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases and Surgery, Helsinki University Hospital during 2015...
May 31, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498541/current-data-about-the-benefit-of-prehabilitation-for-colorectal-cancer-patients-undergoing-surgery-are-not-sufficient-to-alter-the-nhs-cancer-waiting-targets
#7
Kai J Leong, M A S Chapman
Prehabilitation can be defined as a period whereby patients undertake physical and psychological assessments to determine their baseline functioning levels and any impairments identified so that targeted interventions can be carried out before surgery [1]. Prehabilitation is typically viewed as the beginning of the continuum of rehabilitation and occurs from the time of diagnosis to the point of receiving treatment for their cancer. The aim is to optimise patients' health, reduce the incidence and the severity of current and future impairments resulting from surgery and facilitate return of patients' function to the highest possible level...
May 12, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485346/squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-upper-aerodigestive-tract-in-exclusive-smokers-chewers-and-those-with-no-habits
#8
S Nair, S Datta, S Thiagarajan, S Chakrabarti, D Nair, P Chaturvedi
BACKGROUND: Tobacco consumption is the major risk factor for developing head and neck squamous cell cancer (SCC). The site of development of HNSCC may depend on the way the tobacco is consumed. While laryngeal cancers are more common among smokers, oral cancers are more common among tobacco chewers. Since the use of smokeless tobacco is increasing, it is important to know whether this difference is restricted only to site wise distribution or it has other clinical and pathological implications...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485283/effect-of-copper-ii-the-activity-of-glutathione-peroxidase-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#9
Katarzyna Malinowska, Alina Morawiec-Sztandera, Ireneusz Majsterek, Dariusz Kaczmarczyk
INTRODUCTION: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) accounts for about 6% of all malignant cancers. In the epidemiology of oral cavity neoplasm, important risk factors include: tobacco smoking, alcohol abuse, bad oral hygiene, papilloma virus infection, riboflavin and iron deficiency. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the investigation was a synthesis of Cu(II) complex and the evaluation of antioxidative enzymatic barrier in red blood cells of patients with head and neck tumor as well as in the control group...
November 20, 2016: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484796/fusion-of-the-subtalar-joint-for-post-traumatic-arthrosis-a-study-of-functional-outcomes-and-non-unions
#10
Patrick Ziegler, Jan Friederichs, Sven Hungerer
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective cohort study was to quantify the rate of non-unions after arthrodesis of the subtalar joint, to identify risk factors and to evaluate the functional outcome. METHODS: Patients with subtalar fusion from 2000 to 2013 and pre-existing post-traumatic osteoarthritis of the subtalar joint were analysed for risk factors like revision surgery, infection history in the area of operation, obesity, diabetes, cigarette smoking and alcohol abuse...
May 8, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423940/preoperative-risk-factors-for-complications-in-elective-ankle-and-hindfoot-reconstruction
#11
Ryan P Mulligan, Kevin J McCarthy, Benjamin J Grear, David R Richardson, Susan N Ishikawa, G Andrew Murphy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine medical, social, and psychological factors associated with complications and reoperation after foot and ankle reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of 132 patients (135 feet; 139 operative cases) who had elective foot and ankle reconstruction. Medical, social, and psychological variables were documented. Primary outcomes included complications and reoperations. RESULTS: The overall complication rate was 28% (39/139), and the reoperation rate was 17% (24/139)...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421293/failure-and-revision-rates-of-proximal-humeral-fracture-treatment-with-the-use-of-a-standardized-treatment-algorithm-at-a-level-1-trauma-center
#12
Jan Christoph Katthagen, Meret Huber, Svenja Grabowski, Alexander Ellwein, Gunnar Jensen, Helmut Lill
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate treatment failure and revision rates of proximal humeral fracture (PHF) treatment with a standardized treatment algorithm within the reality of a level-1 trauma center and to identify predictors of subsequent surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical database of a level-1 trauma center was screened for all primary treatments of PHFs between January 2009 and June 2012. Medical records and imaging were analyzed to identify the fracture morphology, pre-existing diseases, revision surgeries and treatment failures (conversion to another treatment)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416263/the-keys-to-conservative-treatment-of-early-stage-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-tonsillar-region
#13
O Laccourreye, P Castelnau-Marchand, F Rubin, C Badoual, P Halimi, P Giraud
To analyze the medical literature devoted to work-up, epidemiology, local control, survival, complications and sequelae after conservative treatment for early-stage squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsillar region. An analysis of the PubMed (1975-2016) database was performed using the following keywords and associations: "tonsil/tonsillar region/oropharynx" AND "squamous cell carcinoma" AND "early-stage (I-II; T1-2N0M0)" AND "radiation therapy/radiotherapy" OR "conservative surgery/oropharyngectomy/transoral surgery/radical tonsillectomy"...
April 14, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403477/risk-stratification-for-surgical-site-infections-in-colon-cancer
#14
Ramzi Amri, Anne M Dinaux, Hiroko Kunitake, Liliana G Bordeianou, David L Berger
Importance: Surgical site infections (SSIs) feature prominently in surgical quality improvement and pay-for-performance measures. Multiple approaches are used to prevent or reduce SSIs, prompted by the heavy toll they take on patients and health care budgets. Surgery for colon cancer is not an exception. Objective: To identify a risk stratification score based on baseline and operative characteristics. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study included all patients treated surgically for colon cancer at Massachusetts General Hospital from 2004 through 2014 (n = 1481)...
April 12, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394747/risk-and-protective-factors-associated-with-surgical-infections-among-spine-patients
#15
REVIEW
Alyssa G Blood, Melanie F Sandoval, Evalina Burger, Katherine Halverson-Carpenter
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to identify patient-specific and procedure-specific risk and protective factors associated with post-operative surgical site infections (SSIs) among surgical spine patients. METHODS: CINAHL, PubMed, Ovid, Medline, and EBSCO databases were searched for articles within the past 10 years (January 2003-March 2015). The keywords and combinations used in the search included: Spine surgery, post-operative infection, risk factors, orthopedic infections...
April 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301644/association-of-body-mass-index-with-infectious-complications-in-free-tissue-transfer-for-head-and-neck-reconstructive-surgery
#16
Mohemmed N Khan, Jack Russo, John Spivack, Christopher Pool, Ilya Likhterov, Marita Teng, Eric M Genden, Brett A Miles
Importance: Elevated body mass index (BMI) has been proposed as a risk factor for morbidity and mortality among patients undergoing surgery. Conversely, an elevated BMI may confer a protective effect on perioperative morbidity. Objective: To examine whether an elevated BMI is an independent risk factor for perioperative and postoperative infectious complications after free tissue transfer in head and neck reconstructive surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included patients undergoing major head and neck surgery requiring free tissue transfer at a tertiary care center...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299450/the-prevalence-of-post-thyroidectomy-chronic-asthenia-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Gregorio Scerrino, Giuseppina Melfa, Cristina Raspanti, Andrea Attard, Sergio Mazzola, Roberto Gullo, Sebastiano Bonventre, Marco Attard, Gianfranco Cocorullo, Gaspare Gulotta
PURPOSE: Chronic asthenia (CA) is complained by some patients that have undergone thyroid surgery. We evaluate its impact in patients undergoing unilateral or bilateral thyroidectomy, the trend during a 1-year follow-up, and the possible risk factors. METHODS: A prospective, cohort study was carried out on 263 patients scheduled for thyroidectomy from 2012 and 2014. Exclusion criteria were as follows: Graves' disease, malignancies requiring radioiodine therapy, post-surgical hypoparathyroidism, laryngeal nerve palsy, abnormal pre- and post-operative thyroid hormone levels, and BMI outside the normal range...
March 15, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293086/impact-of-smoking-habit-on-surgical-outcomes-in-non-b-non-c-patients-with-curative-resection-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Keita Kai, Hiroki Koga, Shinichi Aishima, Atsushi Kawaguchi, Koutaro Yamaji, Takao Ide, Junji Ueda, Hirokazu Noshiro
AIM: To analyzed the correlation between smoking status and surgical outcomes in patients with non-B non-C hepatocellular carcinoma (NBNC-HCC), and we investigated the patients' clinicopathological characteristics according to smoking status. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the consecutive cases of 83 NBNC-HCC patients who underwent curative surgical treatment for the primary lesion at Saga University Hospital between 1984 and December 2012. We collected information about possibly carcinogenic factors such as alcohol abuse, diabetes mellitus, obesity and smoking habit from medical records...
February 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273984/study-of-risk-factors-for-development-of-voice-disorders-and-its-impact-on-the-quality-of-life-of-school-teachers-in-mangalore-india
#19
Arati Alva, Megna Machado, Kiran Bhojwani, Suja Sreedharan
INTRODUCTION: School teachers are most prone to the development and detrimental effects of voice disorders as a consequence of their work. The risk factors for development of dysphonia in teachers are multifactorial. AIM: The primary aim of our study was to investigate the various risk factors that influence the onset and progression of voice disorders in school teachers in the Indian context. We wanted to assess the effect of voice problems on the physical, psychosocial and functional aspect of a teacher's life...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272002/the-possible-role-of-diabetes-in-the-etiology-of-laryngeal-cancer
#20
Roberto Menicagli, Gianni Bolla, Laura Menigcali, Anastassia Esseridou
BACKGROUND: Laryngeal cancer and oral cancer are not always correlated with genetic mutations, HPV infection, smoking, and alcohol abuse. In the absence of these risk factors, there is an increase on these cancers with a parallel increase of diabetes. The aim of this study is to verify if diabetes could be a risk factor for the laryngeal cancer. METHODS: A questionnaire was given to a group of ninety laryngectomees to verify if these patients have presented diabetes and xerostomia before surgery...
January 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
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