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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223720/is-endoscopic-ultrasound-examination-necessary-in-the-management-of-esophageal-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Tomas DaVee, Jaffer A Ajani, Jeffrey H Lee
Despite substantial efforts at early diagnosis, accurate staging and advanced treatments, esophageal cancer (EC) continues to be an ominous disease worldwide. Risk factors for esophageal carcinomas include obesity, gastroesophageal reflux disease, hard-alcohol use and tobacco smoking. Five-year survival rates have improved from 5% to 20% since the 1970s, the result of advances in diagnostic staging and treatment. As the most sensitive test for locoregional staging of EC, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) influences the development of an optimal oncologic treatment plan for a significant minority of patients with early cancers, which appropriately balances the risks and benefits of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation...
February 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219214/-analysis-of-risk-factors-for-postsurgical-gastroparesis-syndrome-pgs-after-operation-for-gastric-cancer
#2
D L Liu, X W Zhang, F Q Lyu
Objective: To investigate the risk factors for postsurgical gastroparesis syndrome (PGS) after surgery for stomach cancer. Methods: A total of 684 patients with gastric cancer who underwent surgery for stomach cancer from Jan. 1, 2010 to Dec. 31, 2014 in Tai'an Tumor Prevention and Treatment Hospital, including 475 males and 209 females, with an average age of 59.9 years were identified and included in this study. There were 206 cases of gastric cardia and gastric fundus cancers and 478 cases of gastric antrum cancer...
February 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207747/chronic-pancreatitis-multicentre-prospective-data-collection-and-analysis-by-the-hungarian-pancreatic-study-group
#3
Ákos Szücs, Tamás Marjai, Andrea Szentesi, Nelli Farkas, Andrea Párniczky, György Nagy, Balázs Kui, Tamás Takács, László Czakó, Zoltán Szepes, Balázs Csaba Németh, Áron Vincze, Gabriella Pár, Imre Szabó, Patrícia Sarlós, Anita Illés, Szilárd Gódi, Ferenc Izbéki, Judit Gervain, Adrienn Halász, Gyula Farkas, László Leindler, Dezső Kelemen, Róbert Papp, Richárd Szmola, Márta Varga, József Hamvas, János Novák, Barnabás Bod, Miklós Sahin-Tóth, Péter Hegyi
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pancreatitis is an inflammatory disease associated with structural and functional damage to the pancreas, causing pain, maldigestion and weight loss and thus worsening the quality of life. AIMS AND METHODS: Our aim was to find correlations from a multicentre database representing the epidemiological traits, diagnosis and treatment of the disease in Hungary. The Hungarian Pancreatic Study Group collected data prospectively from 2012 to 2014 on patients suffering from chronic pancreatitis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148665/the-impact-of-lifestyle-risk-factors-on-the-rate-of-infection-after-surgery-for-a-fracture-of-the-ankle
#4
L L Olsen, A M Møller, S Brorson, R B Hasselager, R Sort
AIMS: Lifestyle risk factors are thought to increase the risk of infection after acute orthopaedic surgery but the evidence is scarce. We aimed to investigate whether smoking, obesity and alcohol overuse are risk factors for the development of infections after surgery for a fracture of the ankle. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent internal fixation of a fracture of the ankle between 2008 and 2013. The primary outcome was the rate of deep infection and the secondary outcome was any surgical site infection (SSI)...
February 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124112/is-there-room-for-behavioral-and-modifiable-health-related-targets-in-the-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-scenario
#5
Osamu Ikari, Brunno C F Sanches, João Carlos Cardoso Alonso, Fabiano A Simões, Ronald F Rejowski, Walker Wendel Laranja, Leonardo O Reis
PURPOSE: To better understand potential modifiable risk factors guiding preventive interventions against lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study, including healthy men aged 40-70 years under routine urological evaluation, measured the strength of association between the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and socio-demographic, lifestyle, and health-related factors using logistic and linear regression adjusted for confounding factors...
January 25, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122353/matched-pair-analysis-of-survival-in-patients-with-poorly-differentiated-versus-well-differentiated-glottic-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#6
Ping Chen, Wenbin Yu, Junwei Huang, Hongbo Xu, Guojun Li, Xiaohong Chen, Zhigang Huang
To compare survival outcomes between patients with poorly differentiated versus well-differentiated glottic squamous cell carcinoma (GSCC). Fifty-five patients with well-differentiated newly diagnosed GSCC were pair-matched to 55 patients with poorly differentiated GSCC according to age, sex, year of diagnosis, overall stage, treatment (surgery type, neck dissection, surgical margin, and chemoradiation), smoking, and alcohol use. Survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier estimates, and matched-pair survival was estimated using the Cox proportional hazards regression model...
January 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067102/preoperative-modifiable-risk-factors-in-colorectal-surgery-an-observational-cohort-study-identifying-the-possible-value-of-prehabilitation
#7
Stefanus van Rooijen, Francesco Carli, Susanne O Dalton, Christoffer Johansen, Jeanne Dieleman, Rudi Roumen, Gerrit Slooter
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most prevalent type of cancer in the world. Surgery is the most common therapeutic intervention, and associated with 20-40% reduction in physiological and functional capacity. Postoperative complications occur in up to 50% of patients resulting in higher mortality rates and greater hospital costs. The number and severity of complications is closely related to patients' preoperative performance status. The aim of this study was to identify the most important preoperative modifiable risk factors that could be part of a multimodal prehabilitation program...
January 9, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943394/the-association-between-protein-intake-by-source-and-osteoporotic-fracture-in-older-men-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Lisa Langsetmo, James M Shikany, Peggy M Cawthon, Jane A Cauley, Brent C Taylor, Tien N Vo, Douglas C Bauer, Eric S Orwoll, John T Schousboe, Kristine E Ensrud
Dietary protein is a potentially modifiable risk factor for fracture. Our objectives were to assess the association of protein intake with incident fracture among older men and whether these associations varied by protein source or by skeletal site. We studied a longitudinal cohort of 5875 men (mean age 73.6 ± 5.9 years) in the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) study. At baseline, protein intake was assessed as percent of total energy intake (TEI) with mean intake from all sources = 16.1%TEI. Incident clinical fractures were confirmed by physician review of medical records...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935122/outcome-and-cervical-metastatic-spread-of-squamous-cell-cancer-of-the-buccal-mucosa-a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-past-25-years
#9
Keyvan Sagheb, Sebastian Blatt, Ina Sophie Kraft, Stefanie Zimmer, Roman-Kia Rahimi-Nedjat, Bilal Al-Nawas, Christian Walter
OBJECTIVES: Because of the low proportion of squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) of the buccal mucosa within the carcinomas of the oral cavity in the western population, data concerning metastatic pattern are sparse. Therefore, this retrospective study is focusing on the occurrence of cervical metastases (CM) and the overall outcome of this tumor entity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 1988 to October 2013, 113 patients were treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Mainz for an oral SCC of the cheek...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879570/bone-turnover-markers-as-a-new-predicting-factor-for-non-union-after-spinal-fusion-surgery
#10
Hiroyuki Inose, Tsuyoshi Yamada, Mieradili Mulati, Takashi Hirai, Shuta Ushio, Toshitaka Yoshii, Tsuyoshi Kato, Shigenori Kawabata, Atsushi Okawa
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether bone turnover markers could be a useful indicator for prediction of nonunion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Nonunion is a major complication of lumbar spinal fusion surgery. However, the involvement of bone turnover in the process of bony union in spinal fusion surgery is poorly understood. METHODS: Of the 74 patients analyzed, 13 were diagnosed with nonunion...
November 22, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817826/the-impact-of-surgical-hand-antisepsis-technique-on-surgical-site-infection
#11
Brad S Oriel, Qi Chen, Kamal M F Itani
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence exists regarding the effect on superficial and deep incisional surgical site infections (SDSSIs) of alcohol-based hand rubs (ABR) versus traditional aqueous surgical scrubs (TSS). User preferences and practice are unknown. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study examining SDSSIs using VA Surgical Quality Improvement Program cases before ABR implementation (2007-2009, TSS group) and after (2013-2014, ABR group). A descriptive survey. RESULTS: SDSSI rates were 1...
January 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816341/stroke-prevention
#12
REVIEW
Clothilde Isabel, David Calvet, Jean-Louis Mas
Patients who have had a stroke are at high risk for recurrent stroke, myocardial infarction, and vascular death. Prevention of these events should be initiated promptly after stroke, because many recurrent events occur early, and should be tailored to the precise cause of stroke, which may require specific treatment. Lifestyle advice including abstinence from smoking, regular exercise, Mediterranean-style diet, and reduction of salt intake and alcohol consumption are recommended for all patients with stroke...
December 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798047/common-diseases-as-determinants-of-menopausal-age
#13
Jingmei Li, Mikael Eriksson, Kamila Czene, Per Hall, Kenny A Rodriguez-Wallberg
STUDY QUESTION: Can the diagnosis of common diseases before menopause influence age at natural menopause (ANM) onset? SUMMARY ANSWER: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and depression were observed to delay menopause. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: It has been observed that women who undergo early menopause experience a higher burden of health problems related to metabolic syndromes, heart disease and depression, but whether ANM can be influenced by common adult diseases has not been studied extensively...
December 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775306/-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-exposure-and-other-parental-factors-in-hypospadias-and-cryptorchidism-etiology
#14
B Estors Sastre, P Bragagnini Rodríguez, R Fernández Atuan, R Delgado Alvira, M A Rihuete Heras, J Gracia Romero
AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the association between endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDC) exposure and other paternal factors in the etiology of hipospadias and cryptorchidism. METHODS: A case-control study. Cases were infants between 0 and 6 years of age diagnosed with hypospadias or cryptorchidism in our pediatric urology and general pediatric surgery services during a period of 6 months, and controls were infants with the same range of age attending the same services without any urological problem...
July 20, 2015: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745807/total-shoulder-arthroplasty-risk-factors-for-intraoperative-and-postoperative-complications-in-patients-with-primary-arthritis
#15
Tim Leschinger, Patric Raiss, Markus Loew, Felix Zeifang
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated and identified risk factors for the development of intraoperative and postoperative surgical complications in total shoulder arthroplasty in patients with primary osteoarthritis. METHODS: We evaluated patient-specific factors, including age, sex, body mass index, prior nonarthroplasty surgery, smoking, alcohol consumption, and the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Status Classification System in 275 patients (76 men, 199 women) with an average age of 68 years (range, 51-85 years)...
March 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726294/role-of-comorbidity-on-outcome-of-head-and-neck-cancer-a-population-based-study-in-thuringia-germany
#16
Irene Göllnitz, Johanna Inhestern, Thomas G Wendt, Jens Buentzel, Dirk Esser, Daniel Böger, Andreas H Mueller, Jörn-Uwe Piesold, Stefan Schultze-Mosgau, Ekkehard Eigendorff, Peter Schlattmann, Orlando Guntinas-Lichius
To examine the impact of comorbidity on overall survival (OS) in a population-based study of patients with head and neck cancer who were treated between 2009 and 2011. Data of 1094 patients with primary head and neck carcinomas without distant metastasis from the Thuringian cancer registries were evaluated concerning the influence of patient's characteristics and comorbidity on OS. Data on comorbidity prior to head and neck cancer diagnosis was adapted to the Charlson Comorbidity (CCI), age-adjusted CCI (ACCI), head and neck CCI (HNCCI), simplified comorbidity score (SCS), and to the Adult Comorbidity Evaluation-27 (ACE-27)...
November 2016: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686889/treatment-outcome-of-vocal-cord-leukoplakia-by-transoral-laser-microsurgery
#17
Shih-Wei Yang, Wei-Chieh Chao, Yun-Shien Lee, Liang-Che Chang, Tsan-Yu Hsieh, Tai-An Chen, Cheng-Ming Luo
The aim of this study is to evaluate the treatment outcome and analyze the associated factors of postoperative recurrence in patients who received transoral laser microsurgery for vocal cord leukoplakia. The demographic, histopathological data were retrospectively reviewed and the factors associated with recurrence of vocal leukoplakia after surgery were analyzed statistically. A total of 44 patients, including 36 males and 8 females, with a mean age of 50.4 ± 13.4 years, were enrolled. All the patients received excision of the vocal leukoplakia by carbon dioxide laser (2-4 Watt, ultrapulse mode) under general anesthesia...
January 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678363/risk-factors-for-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula-analysis-of-539-successive-cases-of-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#18
Bing-Yang Hu, Tao Wan, Wen-Zhi Zhang, Jia-Hong Dong
AIM: To analyze the risk factors for pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 539 successive cases of pancreaticoduodenectomy performed at our hospital from March 2012 to October 2015. Pancreatic fistula was diagnosed in strict accordance with the definition of pancreatic fistula from the International Study Group on Pancreatic Fistula. The risk factors for pancreatic fistula were analyzed by univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis...
September 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668351/study-of-association-between-pre-senile-cataracts-and-rs11615-of-ercc1-rs13181-of-ercc2-and-rs25487-of-xrcc1-polymorphisms-in-a-spanish-population
#19
Gloria López-Valverde, Elena Garcia-Martin, Javier Fernández-Mateos, Fernando Cruz-González, José M Larrosa-Povés, Vicente Polo-Llorens, Luis E Pablo-Júlvez, Rogelio González-Sarmiento
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to attempt to determine if the presence of certain polymorphisms in the DNA repair genes (ERCC1, ERCC2, and XRCC1) is associated with pre-senile cataract development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study over three groups of patients. The first group with pre-senile cataract was formed by 72 patients younger than 55 years with cataract surgery. The second group with senile cataract was formed by 101 patients older than 55 years with cataract surgery...
September 26, 2016: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613124/risk-factors-of-post-operative-delirium-after-elective-vascular-surgery-in-the-elderly-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
J W Raats, S L Steunenberg, D C de Lange, L van der Laan
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium is a common and serious adverse event in the elderly patient and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. It is of great importance to identify patients at risk for delirium, in order to focus preventive strategies. The aim of this article is to systematically review current available literature on pre-operative risk factors for delirium after vascular surgery. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed and EMBASE, using the MeSH terms and key words "delirium", "surgery" and "risk factor"...
November 2016: International Journal of Surgery
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