keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgery risks alcohol smoking

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316952/risk-factor-analysis-for-postoperative-complications-requiring-revision-surgery-after-transtrochanteric-rotational-osteotomy-for-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#1
Kazuyuki Karasuyama, Goro Motomura, Satoshi Ikemura, Jun-Ichi Fukushi, Satoshi Hamai, Kazuhiko Sonoda, Yusuke Kubo, Takuaki Yamamoto, Yasuharu Nakashima
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the risk factors for postoperative complications requiring revision surgery within 3 years after transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy (TRO) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). METHODS: We reviewed 127 patients (147 hips) who underwent TRO (anterior or posterior rotational osteotomy) for ONFH between January 2002 and December 2014. Two patients were lost to follow-up, and five patients with progression of femoral head collapse requiring a salvage procedure such as total hip arthroplasty within 3 years after TRO were excluded...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311029/recurrent-biliary-acute-pancreatitis-is-frequent-in-a-real-world-setting
#2
Serena Stigliano, Flaminia Belisario, Matteo Piciucchi, Marianna Signoretti, Gianfranco Delle Fave, Gabriele Capurso
BACKGROUND: Data about recurrent acute pancreatitis (RAP) are limited. AIMS: To evaluate the rate of RAP and associated factors. METHODS: Single-centre prospective study of consecutive patients at first episode of acute pancreatitis (AP) being followed-up. RESULTS: Of 266 consecutive AP patients, (47% biliary, 15.4% alcoholic, 14.3% idiopathic) 66 (24.8%) had RAP in a mean follow-up of 42 months; 17.9% of recurrences occurred within 30 days from discharge...
December 19, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283947/a-study-on-environmental-factors-for-nonsyndromic-cleft-lip-and-or-palate
#3
Da-Peng Xu, Wei-Dong Qu, Chao Sun, Rong-Yu Cao, Dian-Wei Liu, Ping-Gong Du
The aim of the study was to investigate the association between environmental factors and nonsyndromic cleft of the lip and/or palate (NSCL/P) in Yantai District, China. A retrospective case-control study was carried out. A total of 236 NSCL/P children were selected from Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of Yantai Stomatological Hospital between September 2013 and December 2016 as cases; 209 controls were chosen from other diagnosis in the same department during the same period. The 2 groups matched age and sex...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195679/impact-of-alcohol-smoking-on-the-surgical-management-of-gastrointestinal-patients
#4
REVIEW
Niall D Kennedy, Des C Winter
Alcohol and smoking are repeatedly described as modifiable risk factors in clinical studies across all surgical specialities. These lifestyle choices impart a sub-optimal physiology via multiple processes and play an important role in the surgical management of the gastrointestinal patient. Cessation is imperative to optimise the patient's fitness for surgery with surgery itself being a prime opportunity for sustained cessation. A consistent, planned and integrated management involving surgical, anaesthetic, medical, and primary care facets will aid in successful cessation and perioperative care...
October 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195675/the-role-of-smoking-and-alcohol-behaviour-in-the-management-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#5
REVIEW
Mais Khasawneh, Andrew D Spence, Jennifer Addley, Patrick B Allen
In the era of increasing use of immunosuppressive and biologic therapy for inflammatory bowel disease, environmental influences remain important independent risk factors to modify the course of the disease, affect the need for surgery and recurrence rates post-surgical resection. The effect of smoking on inflammatory bowel disease has been established over the decades, however the exact mechanism of how smoking affects remains as area of research. Alcohol is also among the socio-environmental factors which has been recognised to cause a flare of symptoms in inflammatory bowel disease patients...
October 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178899/smoking-and-alcohol-cessation-intervention-in-relation-to-radical-cystectomy-a-qualitative-study-of-cancer-patients-experiences
#6
Susanne Vahr Lauridsen, Thordis Thomsen, Gudrun Kaldan, Line Noes Lydom, Hanne Tønnesen
BACKGROUND: Despite smoking and risky alcohol drinking being modifiable risk factors for cancer as well as postoperative complications, perioperative cessation counselling is often ignored. Little is known about how cancer patients experience smoking and alcohol interventions in relation to surgery. Therefore the aim of this study was to explore how bladder cancer patients experience a perioperative smoking and alcohol cessation intervention in relation to radical cystectomy. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in two urology out-patient clinics...
November 25, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075781/association-of-cataract-surgery-with-mortality-in-older-women-findings-from-the-women-s-health-initiative
#7
Victoria L Tseng, Rowan T Chlebowski, Fei Yu, Jane A Cauley, Wenjun Li, Fridtjof Thomas, Beth A Virnig, Anne L Coleman
Importance: Previous studies have suggested an association between cataract surgery and decreased risk for all-cause mortality potentially through a mechanism of improved health status and functional independence, but the association between cataract surgery and cause-specific mortality has not been previously studied and is not well understood. Objective: To examine the association between cataract surgery and total and cause-specific mortality in older women with cataract...
October 26, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980388/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-parastomal-bulging-in-patients-with-ileostomy-or-colostomy-a-register-based-study-using-data-from-the-danish-stoma-database-capital-region
#8
Rune M Andersen, Tobias W Klausen, Anne K Danielsen, Anders Vinther, Ismail Gögenur, Thordis Thomsen
AIM: To investigate incidence and risk factors for parastomal bulging, a clinically important complication, in patients with an ileostomy or colostomy. METHOD: The Danish Stoma Database Capital Region prospectively collects data on patients with a stoma up to a year after surgery. Stoma care nurses clinically assessed the main outcome, parastomal bulging. We linked data from the Stoma Database to data from the Danish Anaesthesia Database. Cumulative incidence of parastomal bulging over the first year was calculated with death and stoma reversal as competing risks...
October 4, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971172/the-use-of-monocyte-to-hdl-ratio-to-predict-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-after-aortocoronary-bypass-graft-surgery
#9
Ahmet Ilker Tekkesin, Mert Ilker Hayiroglu, Regayip Zehir, Ceyhan Turkkan, Muhammed Keskin, Goksel Cinier, Ahmet Taha Alper
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a frequent and serious complication after aortocoronary bypass graft (ACBG) surgery and one that, unfortunately, increases morbidity and mortality. Postoperative stroke, hemodynamic instability, renal failure, infection, need for inotropic agent and coronary unit are complications caused by POAF. Inflammation and oxidative stress are among several mechanisms that contribute to pathogenesis of POAF. Monocyte to HDL (M/H) ratio is a newly defined parameter of both inflammation and oxidative stress...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913290/delayed-onset-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-infection-at-18-months-after-absorbable-plate-fixation-for-zygomaticomaxillary-complex-fracture
#10
Hyun Rok Lee, Hea Kyeong Shin, Dong Lark Lee, Gyu Yong Jung
None of the reports of delayed infection mentioned a latent period exceeding 13 months. we report an infection that developed 18 months after implantation of an absorbable plate. A 16-year-old adolescent girl had undergone reduction and fixation with an absorbable plate for Lefort I and zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures 18 months prior at our hospital. In her most recent hospital visit as an outpatient, abscess was observed in periocular area. Computed tomography revealed sinusitis with an abscess above the infraorbital rim...
December 2016: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834916/factors-predicting-dysphagia-after-anterior-cervical-surgery-a-multicenter-retrospective-study-for-2-years-of-follow-up
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Tao Wang, Lei Ma, Da-Long Yang, Hui Wang, Zhi-Long Bai, Li-Jun Zhang, Wen-Yuan Ding
A multicenter retrospective study.The purpose of this study was to explore risk factors of dysphagia after anterior cervical surgery and factors affecting rehabilitation of dysphagia 2 years after surgery.Patients who underwent anterior cervical surgery at 3 centers from January 2010 to January 2013 were included. The possible factors included 3 aspects: demographic variables-age, sex, body mass index (BMI): hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, smoking, alcohol use, diagnose (cervical spondylotic myelopathy or ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament), preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA), surgical-related variables-surgical option (ACDF, ACCF, ACCDF, or Zero profile), operation time, blood loss, operative level, superior fusion segment, incision length, angle of C2 to C7, height of C2 to C7, cervical circumference, cervical circumference/height of C2 to C7...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818261/contemporary-medical-therapies-of-atherosclerotic-carotid-artery-disease
#12
REVIEW
Suk F Cheng, Martin M Brown
Contemporary medical therapy consists of identification and treatment of all patient-modifiable vascular risk factors. Specific atherosclerotic disease therapies are designed to reduce the risk of thrombosis, and the disease progression in order to reduce the risk of future cardiovascular events. Contemporary medical management emphasizes the need to support the patient in achieving lifestyle modifications and to adjust medication to achieve individualized target values for specific quantifiable risk factors...
March 2017: Seminars in Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800918/the-timing-of-hip-arthroscopy-after-intra-articular-hip-injection-affects-postoperative-infection-risk
#13
Dean Wang, Christopher L Camp, Anil S Ranawat, Struan H Coleman, Bryan T Kelly, Brian C Werner
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association of preoperative intra-articular hip injection with surgical site infection after hip arthroscopy. METHODS: A large administrative database was used to identify all patients undergoing hip arthroscopy from 2007 to 2015 within a single private insurer and from 2005 to 2012 within Medicare in the United States. Those that received an ipsilateral preoperative intra-articular hip injection were identified. The patients were then divided into the following groups based on the interval between preoperative injection and ipsilateral hip arthroscopy: (1) <3 months, (2) 3 to 6 months, and (3) 6 to 12 months...
November 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780877/-identification-of-risk-factors-of-multiresistant-infections-on-two-intensive-care-units
#14
Marcell Szabó, Noémi Kanász, Katalin Darvas, János Gál
INTRODUCTION: Intensive care units are favourable environment for infections, many of them are caused by antibiotic resistant bacteria. AIM: Identifying risk factors of ICU-acquired multiresistant infections. METHOD: We performed observational study on two academic intensive care units (a multidisciplinary and a surgical ICU) between 01/09/2014 and 30/11/2015. Patients with a first infection caused by predefined organisms (P. aeruginosa, E...
August 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717291/risk-factors-for-post-operative-infection-following-single-piece-osteotomy
#15
P U Abdul Wahab, P Senthil Nathan, M Madhulaxmi, M R Muthusekhar, Soh Chen Loong, Rajendra Prabhu Abhinav
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to identify the significant risk factors that contribute towards postoperative infection in patients recovering from orthognathic surgery. METHODS: Retrospective records of 522 patients who underwent orthognathic surgery over 9 year period were evaluated for postoperative infection within 3 months of surgery and after 3 months of surgery. The variables of interest included age, gender, habits like smoking and alcohol consumption and incidence of postoperative infection...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698181/risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infection-following-cesarean-delivery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Felicia Ketcheson, Christy Woolcott, Victoria Allen, Joanne M Langley
BACKGROUND: The rate of cesarean delivery is increasing in North America. Surgical site infection following this operation can make it difficult to recover, care for a baby and return home. We aimed to determine the incidence of surgical site infection to 30 days following cesarean delivery, associated risk factors and whether risk factors differed for predischarge versus postdischarge infection. METHODS: We identified a retrospective cohort in Nova Scotia by linking the provincial perinatal database to hospital admissions and physician billings databases to follow women for 30 days after they had given birth by cesarean delivery between Jan...
July 11, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689862/histological-fibrosis-may-predict-the-failure-of-core-decompression-in-the-treatment-of-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#17
Francesco Sadile, Alessio Bernasconi, Flavio Carbone, François Lintz, Gelsomina Mansueto
PURPOSE: Osteonecrosis of femoral head (ONFH) is histopathologically characterized by necrotic areas associated with reactive fibrosis, trabecular bone remodeling and thickening zones. Our double goal was to evaluate if: 1) main ONFH risk factors were related to specific histological specimen patterns 2) different histological patterns were related to the final outcome after a core decompression (CD) procedure. METHODS: This observational longitudinal cohort study respected the STROBE statement...
August 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621209/habits-and-self-assessed-quality-of-life-negative-intrusive-thoughts-and-depressed-mood-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer-a-longitudinal-study
#18
David Bock, Eva Angenete, Anders Bjartell, Stefan Carlsson, Gunnar Steineck, Johan Stranne, Thordis Thorsteinsdottir, Peter Wiklund, Eva Haglind
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of self-assessed preoperative physical activity, alcohol consumption and smoking with self-assessed quality of life, negative intrusive thoughts and depressed mood after radical prostatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Laparoscopic Prostatectomy Robot Open (LAPPRO) trial was a prospective, controlled, non-randomized longitudinal trial of patients (n = 4003) undergoing radical prostatectomy at 14 centers in Sweden...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620089/development-and-validation-of-risk-prediction-equations-to-estimate-survival-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-cohort-study
#19
Julia Hippisley-Cox, Carol Coupland
Objective To develop and externally validate risk prediction equations to estimate absolute and conditional survival in patients with colorectal cancer. Design Cohort study.Setting General practices in England providing data for the QResearch database linked to the national cancer registry.Participants 44 145 patients aged 15-99 with colorectal cancer from 947 practices to derive the equations. The equations were validated in 15 214 patients with colorectal cancer from 305 different QResearch practices and 437 821 patients with colorectal cancer from the national cancer registry...
June 15, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608916/value-and-application-of-trimodality-therapy-or-definitive-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-in-thoracic-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#20
Wei-Cheng Lin, Yi-Fang Ding, Han-Lin Hsu, Jer-Hwa Chang, Kevin Sheng-Po Yuan, Alexander T H Wu, Jyh-Ming Chow, Chia-Lun Chang, Shee-Uan Chen, Szu-Yuan Wu
BACKGROUND: Few large, prospective, randomized studies have investigated the value and optimal application of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery (trimodality therapy) or definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (TESCC). METHODS: The authors analyzed data from patients with TESCC in the Taiwan Cancer Registry database. To compare their outcomes, patients with TESCC were enrolled and categorized into the following groups according to treatment modality: group 1, those who underwent surgery alone; group 2, those who received trimodality therapy; and group 3, those who received definitive CCRT...
October 15, 2017: Cancer
keyword
keyword
42483
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"