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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433884/synthetic-control-of-the-size-shape-and-polydispersity-of-anisotropic-silica-colloids
#1
Ryan P Murphy, Kunlun Hong, Norman J Wagner
The microstructure and rheological properties of colloidal suspensions depend on particle size and shape. This work aims to further control the size, shape, and polydispersity of anisotropic silica colloids, to reduce particle size, and to provide additional mechanistic insights on a prevalent, water-in-oil emulsion synthesis method. Key findings show that the dimensions of anisotropic silica particles can be systematically varied by approximately fivefold, with a limiting minimum particle size (D≈60nm, L≈300nm) obtained from emulsions with excess polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and sodium citrate...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432772/studies-on-the-chitin-chitosan-binding-properties-of-six-cuticular-proteins-analogous-to-peritrophin-3-from-bombyx-mori
#2
M Qu, Y Ren, Y Liu, Q Yang
Chitin deacetylation is required to make the cuticle rigid and compact through chitin chain crosslinking. Thus it is presumed that specialized proteins are required to bind deacetylated chitin chains together. However, deacetylated-chitin binding proteins have not ever been reported. In a previous work, six cuticular proteins analogous to peritrophin 3 (CPAP3s) were found to be abundant in the moulting fluid of Bombyx mori. In this study, these BmCPAP3s (BmCPAP3-A1, BmCPAP3-A2, BmCPAP3-B, BmCPAP3-C, BmCPAP3-D1 and BmCPAP3-D2) were cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli and purified using metal-chelating affinity chromatography...
April 22, 2017: Insect Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431467/influence-of-glycosylation-on-interfacial-properties-of-recombinant-mucins-adsorption-surface-forces-and-friction
#3
Junxue An, Chunsheng Jin, Andra Dédinaité, Jan Holgersson, Niclas G Karlsson, Per Martin Claesson
Interfacial properties of two brush-with-anchor mucins, C-P55 and C-PSLex, have been investigated at the aqueous solution/poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) interface. Both are recombinant mucin-type fusion proteins, produced by fusing the glycosylated mucin part of P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSLG-1) to the Fc part of a mouse immunoglobulin in two different cells. They are mainly expressed as dimers upon production. Analysis of the O-glycans shows that the C-PSLex mucin has the longer and more branched side chains, but C-P55 has slightly higher sialic acid content...
April 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431350/characteristics-and-components-of-poly-aluminum-chloride-coagulants-that-enhance-arsenate-removal-by-coagulation-detailed-analysis-of-aluminum-species
#4
Yoshihiko Matsui, Nobutaka Shirasaki, Takuro Yamaguchi, Kenta Kondo, Kaori Machida, Taiga Fukuura, Taku Matsushita
We evaluated 51 poly-aluminum chloride (PACl) coagulants to determine the coagulant characteristics that were responsible for effective arsenate removal from contaminated river water by means of experiments involving coagulation, settling, and microfiltration. Some of the high-basicity PACls exhibited high arsenate removal percentages, particularly under alkaline conditions, and we investigated various relevant properties and characteristics of these high-basicity PACls. Effective arsenate removal was correlated with the content of polymeric and colloidal aluminum species (Alb and Alc) in the PACls but was not well correlated with colloid charge or zeta potential...
April 15, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431331/dielectric-properties-of-a-novel-colloidal-oral-matrix-drug-carrier
#5
Alexander Vol, Orna Gribova, Oded Shamir, Evgeniya Levy, Paul Ben Ishai, Anna Greenbaum Gutina, Yuri Feldman
Dielectric Spectroscopy (DS) was employed to study a novel oral matrix carrier (OMC), composed from silica nano-particles, polysaccharides, biopolymers and natural oils. This composition self-orders to a multi hierarchal structure and as such is amenable to be studied by techniques such as DS. The dielectric properties were measured in the frequency range 1MHz-1GHz and a temperature range 10°C-45°C. The results were dominated by two relaxation processes following CC relaxation and having relaxation times that are Arrhenius in nature...
April 12, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430776/aminoazo-dye-protein-adduct-enhances-inhibitory-effect-on-digestibility-and-damages-to-gastro-duodenal-hepatic-axis
#6
Li-Yun Lin, Chiung-Chi Peng, Yeh Chen, Boa-Chan Huang, Chun Chao Chang, Robert Y Peng
4-Dimethylaminoazobenzene (DAB, methyl yellow, or butter yellow), a human carcinogen, has been banned for use in foods since 1988. In 2014, DAB adulteration in Tofu occurred in Taiwan. We hypothesize that DAB can form [DAB•SBP]adduct adduct with soybean protein (SBP) which could damage Gastro-Duodenal-Hepatic axis. Sprague-Dawley rats gavage fed [DAB•SBP]adduct adduct revealed severely reduced body weight and damaged duodenum, liver, hepatic mitochondria, and spleen. Hepatic levels of glutathione and ATP were severely reduced...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430459/direct-observation-of-percolation-in-the-yielding-transition-of-colloidal-glasses
#7
Antina Ghosh, Zoe Budrikis, Vijayakumar Chikkadi, Alessandro L Sellerio, Stefano Zapperi, Peter Schall
When strained beyond the linear regime, soft colloidal glasses yield to steady-state plastic flow in a way that is similar to the deformation of conventional amorphous solids. Because of the much larger size of the colloidal particles with respect to the atoms comprising an amorphous solid, colloidal glasses allow us to obtain microscopic insight into the nature of the yielding transition, as we illustrate here combining experiments, atomistic simulations, and mesoscopic modeling. Our results unanimously show growing clusters of nonaffine deformation percolating at yielding...
April 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430450/electrical-double-layer-and-ion-bridging-forces-between-symmetric-and-asymmetric-charged-surfaces-in-the-presence-of-mono-and-divalent-ions
#8
Xiaoyan Liu, Karen Louise Feilberg, Wei Yan, Erling Halfdan Stenby, Esben Thormann
An atomic force microscope, employing the colloidal probe technique, was used to study the interactions between six different combinations of silane functionalized silica surfaces in NaCl and CaCl2 solutions. The surfaces consisted of monolayers of the apolar trimethoxy(octyl)silane, the positively charged (3-aminopropyl)trimethoxysilane and the negatively charged (3-mercaptopropyl)trimethoxysilane. The interactions between the three symmetric systems, as well as between the three asymmetric combinations of surfaces, were measured and compared to calculated electrical double-layer forces...
April 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430346/facile-synthesis-of-reduced-graphene-oxide-fe3o4-nanocomposite-film
#9
Cunqing Ma, Kaiyu Yang, Lili Wang, Xin Wang
BACKGROUND: This study aims at proposing a facile method to prepare rGO/Fe3O4 composite film with adjusted magnetic properties and electronic conductivity. METHODS: Colloidal solution of graphene oxide (GO)/Fe3O4 nanoparticles (F-NPs) with a size in the range of 20-80 nm were prepared by a solution-blending method and heated step-by-step from room temperature to 60°C, 120°C and 160°C for 12 hours, respectively, to obtain a reduced graphene oxide (rGO)/F-NP composite film...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428999/shear-induced-reversibility-of-2d-colloidal-suspensions-in-the-presence-of-minimal-thermal-noise
#10
Somayeh Farhadi, Paulo E Arratia
The effects of minimal thermal noise on particle rearrangements in cyclically sheared colloidal suspensions are experimentally investigated using particle tracking methods. Our experimental model system consists of polystyrene microspheres adsorbed at an oil-water interface, in which the particles exhibit small but non-negligible Brownian motion. Experiments are performed on bidisperse (1.0 and 1.2 μm in diameter) systems, which form area fractions of 0.20 and 0.32 at the interface. We first characterize the thermal (Brownian) noise using particle diffusivities at quiescent states, and show that under our experimental flow conditions both systems (0...
April 21, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428422/quantitative-3d-evolution-of-colloidal-nanoparticle-oxidation-in-solution
#11
Yugang Sun, Xiaobing Zuo, Subramanian K R S Sankaranarayanan, Sheng Peng, Badri Narayanan, Ganesh Kamath
Real-time tracking of the three-dimensional (3D) evolution of colloidal nanoparticles in solution is essential for understanding complex mechanisms involved in nanoparticle growth and transformation. We used time-resolved small-angle and wide-angle x-ray scattering simultaneously to monitor oxidation of highly uniform colloidal iron nanoparticles, enabling the reconstruction of intermediate 3D morphologies of the nanoparticles with a spatial resolution of ~5 angstroms. The in situ observations, combined with large-scale reactive molecular dynamics simulations, reveal the details of the transformation from solid metal nanoparticles to hollow metal oxide nanoshells via a nanoscale Kirkendall process-for example, coalescence of voids as they grow and reversal of mass diffusion direction depending on crystallinity...
April 21, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427644/optimization-of-ultrasonication-period-for-better-dispersion-and-stability-of-tio2-water-nanofluid
#12
I M Mahbubul, Elif Begum Elcioglu, R Saidur, M A Amalina
Nanofluids are promising in many fields, including engineering and medicine. Stability deterioration may be a critical constraint for potential applications of nanofluids. Proper ultrasonication can improve the stability, and possibility of the safe use of nanofluids in different applications. In this study, stability properties of TiO2-H2O nanofluid for varying ultrasonication durations were tested. The nanofluids were prepared through two-step method; and electron microscopies, with particle size distribution and zeta potential analyses were conducted for the evaluation of their stability...
July 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427282/biofouling-in-photobioreactors-for-marine-microalgae
#13
Ouassim Zeriouh, José Vicente Reinoso-Moreno, Lorenzo López-Rosales, María Del Carmen Cerón-García, Asterio Sánchez-Mirón, Francisco García-Camacho, Emilio Molina-Grima
The economic and/or energetic feasibility of processes based on using microalgae biomass requires an efficient cultivation system. In photobioreactors (PBRs), the adhesion of microalgae to the transparent PBR surfaces leads to biofouling and reduces the solar radiation penetrating the PBR. Light reduction within the PBR decreases biomass productivity and, therefore, the photosynthetic efficiency of the cultivation system. Additionally, PBR biofouling leads to a series of further undesirable events including changes in cell pigmentation, culture degradation, and contamination by invasive microorganisms; all of which can result in the cultivation process having to be stopped...
April 20, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427260/real-time-fluorescence-detection-in-aqueous-systems-by-combined-and-enhanced-photonic-and-surface-effects-in-patterned-hollow-sphere-colloidal-photonic-crystals
#14
Kuo Zhong, Ling Wang, Jiaqi Li, Stijn Van Cleuvenbergen, Carmen Bartic, Kai Song, Koen Clays
Hollow sphere colloidal photonic crystals (HSCPCs) exhibit the ability to maintain a high refractive index contrast after infiltration of water, leading to extremely high-quality photonic band gap effects, even in an aqueous (physiological) environment. Superhydrophilic pinning centers in a superhydrophobic environment can be used to strongly confine and concentrate water-soluble analytes. We report a strategy to realize real-time ultrasensitive fluorescence detection in patterned HSCPCs based on strongly enhanced fluorescence due to the photonic band edge effect combined with wettability differentiation in the superhydrophobic/superhydrophilic pattern...
April 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426229/nanofabricated-catalyst-particles-for-the-investigation-of-catalytic-carbon-oxidation-by-oxygen-spillover
#15
Carl Justin Kamp, Hector Hugo Perez Garza, Hans O A Fredriksson, Bengt Herbert Kasemo, Bengt Andersson, Magnus Skoglundh
The catalytic oxidation of carbon by molecular oxygen was studied using C/Pt, Pt/C, Pt/Al2O3/C, Pt/CeO2/C, Al2O3/C and CeO2/C model samples prepared by hole-mask colloidal lithography. By this technique the degree of contact between platinum and carbon was controlled with high precision. The oxidation of carbon was monitored using atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The results show that Pt in direct contact with carbon catalyzes the oxidation of carbon by spillover of dissociated oxygen from Pt to carbon...
April 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426079/oxidation-suppression-during-hydrothermal-phase-reversion-allows-synthesis-of-monolayer-semiconducting-mos2-in-stable-aqueous-suspension
#16
Zhongying Wang, Yin-Jia Zhang, Muchun Liu, Andrew Peterson, Robert H Hurt
This letter demonstrates a simple method to achieve high-yields of 1H semiconducting MoS2 monolayers in concentrated, colloidally-stable aqueous suspension. The method is based on oxidation suppression during the hydrothermal processing step used for metal-to-semiconductor phase reversion. Accompanying DFT calculations on elementary steps in the MoS2 wet oxidation reaction suggest that a two-site corrosion mechanism is responsible for the observed high reactivity and low stability of 1T metallic MoS2.
April 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424550/doxorubicin-loaded-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-nanoparticles-coated-with-chitosan-alginate-by-layer-by-layer-technology-for-antitumor-applications
#17
Fujuan Chai, Linlin Sun, Xinyi He, Jieli Li, Yuanfen Liu, Fei Xiong, Liang Ge, Thomas J Webster, Chunli Zheng
Natural polyelectrolyte multilayers of chitosan (CHI) and alginate (ALG) were alternately deposited on doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) with layer by layer self-assembly to control drug release for antitumor activity. Numerous factors which influenced the multilayer growth on nano-colloidal particles were studied: polyelectrolyte concentration, NaCl concentration and temperature. Then the growth regime of the CHI/ALG multilayers was elucidated. The coated NPs were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, X-ray diffraction and a zeta potential analyzer...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423897/orders-of-magnitude-reduction-of-rapid-coagulation-rate-with-decreasing-size-of-silica-nanoparticles
#18
Ko Higashitani, Kouta Nakamura, Takuya Shimamura, Tomonori Fukasawa, Katsumi Tsuchiya, Yasushige Mori
The modification of the classical Smoluchowski theory for the rapid coagulation rate of colloidal particles, which takes account of the effect of the squeezing flow between colliding particles, has been widely accepted, because it predicts experimental results adequately. However, it is not clear whether the modified theory, in which the coagulation rate is independent of particle size, is applicable even to nanoparticles in solutions. In the present study, the rapid coagulation rates of silica particles in various 2M chloride and 1M potassium solutions were measured by using a low angle light scattering apparatus, and the dependence of rapid coagulation rate on the particle diameter, Dp, was investigated extensively...
April 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423894/stratification-and-size-segregation-of-ternary-and-polydisperse-colloidal-suspensions-during-drying
#19
Andrea Fortini, Richard P Sear
By means of Brownian Dynamics simulations, we investigate the drying process of three component and polydisperse colloidal suspensions. We have previously reported [Phys. Rev. Lett. 116 p.118301 (2016)] on the drying of binary mixtures. For binary mixtures, we found that a gradient of colloidal osmotic pressure develops during drying, and that this leads to the final film being stratified with a layer of the smaller particles on top of a layer of the larger particles. Here, we find that stratification by size is very general, and also occurs in ternary and polydisperse mixtures...
April 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422506/extra-large-pore-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-for-directing-in-vivo-m2-macrophage-polarization-by-delivering-il-4
#20
Dohyeong Kwon, Bong Geun Cha, Yuri Cho, Jiyoun Min, Eun-Byeol Park, Suk-Jo Kang, Jaeyun Kim
Over the past decade, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) smaller than 200 nm with high colloidal stability have been extensively studied for systemic drug delivery. Although small molecule delivery via MSNs has been successful, the encapsulation of large therapeutic biomolecules, such as proteins or DNA, is limited due to small pore size of the conventional MSNs obtained by soft-templating. Here, we report the synthesis of mesoporous silica nanoparticles with extra-large pores (XL-MSNs) and their application to in vivo cytokine delivery for macrophage polarization...
April 19, 2017: Nano Letters
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