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Jian Yang, Jing Tu, Gerda E M Lamers, René C L Olsthoorn, Alexander Kros
Protein delivery into the cytosol of cells is a challenging topic in the field of nanomedicine, because cellular uptake and endosomal escape are typically inefficient, hampering clinical applications. In this contribution cuboidal mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) containing disk-shaped cavities with a large pore diameter (10 nm) are studied as a protein delivery vehicle using cytochrome-c (cytC) as a model membrane-impermeable protein. To ensure colloidal stability, the MSNs are coated with a fusogenic lipid bilayer (LB) and cellular uptake is induced by a complementary pair of coiled-coil (CC) lipopeptides...
September 25, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Hyelim Kang, Yongjoon Heo, Dong Jae Kim, Ju Hyeon Kim, Tae Yoon Jeon, Soojeong Cho, Hye-Mi So, Won Seok Chang, Shin-Hyun Kim
Droplet-guiding superhydrophobic SERS substrates are created by a combinatorial lithographic technique. Photolithography defines the pattern of a micropillar array with a radial density gradient, whereas colloidal lithography features a nanotip array on the top surface of each micropillar. The nanotip array renders the surface superhydrophobic and the pattern of micropillars endows the radial gradient of contact angle, enabling the spontaneous droplet migration toward the center of the pattern. Water droplets containing target molecules are guided to the center and the molecules dissolved in the droplets are concentrated at the surface of the central micropillar during droplet evaporation...
September 25, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kirryn Williams, Graham Simpson
This case report describes a case of thoracic splenosis. Splenosis is often interpreted as malignancy on initial imaging. Case reports described in the literature reveal that diagnosis is most often confirmed with invasive investigations. A 99 m technetium-labelled sulphur colloid scan when used with single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) is highly specific for splenic tissue and more readily available and time efficient than other modalities used for this purpose. Awareness of this may prevent unnecessary or dangerous invasive diagnostic procedures...
November 2017: Respirology Case Reports
Guansheng Liu, Hua Zhong, Yongbing Jiang, Mark L Brusseau, Jiesheng Huang, Liangsheng Shi, Zhifeng Liu, Yang Liu, Guangming Zeng
The effect of low-concentrations of monorhamnolipid biosurfactant on transport of Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 9027 in natural porous media (silica sand and a sandy soil) was studied with miscible-displacement experiments using artificial groundwater as the background solution. Transport of two types of cells was investigated, glucose- and hexadecane-grown cells with lower and higher cell surface hydrophobicity (CSH), respectively. The effect of hexadecane presence as a residual non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPLs) on transport was also examined...
January 2017: Water Resources Research
Brit Salbu, Valery Kashparov, Ole Christian Lind, Rafael Garcia-Tenorio, Mathew P Johansen, David P Child, Per Roos, Carlos Sancho
A series of different nuclear sources associated with the nuclear weapon and fuel cycles have contributed to the release of radioactive particles to the environment. Following nuclear weapon tests, safety tests, conventional destruction of weapons, reactor explosions and fires, a major fraction of released refractory radionuclides such as uranium (U) and plutonium (Pu) were present as entities ranging from sub microns to fragments. Furthermore, radioactive particles and colloids have been released from reprocessing facilities and civil reactors, from radioactive waste dumped at sea, and from NORM sites...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Jingjing Liu, Guangbao Yang, Wenwen Zhu, Ziliang Dong, Yu Yang, Yu Chao, Zhuang Liu
The development of smart drug delivery systems to realize controlled drug release for highly specific cancer treatment has attracted tremendous attention. Herein, nanoscale coordination polymers (NCPs) constructed from hafnium ions and bis-(alkylthio) alkene (BATA), a singlet-oxygen responsive linker, are fabricated and applied as nanocarriers to realize light-controlled drug release under a rather low optical power density. In this system, NCPs synthesized through a solvothermal method are sequentially loaded with chlorin e6 (Ce6), a photosensitizer, and doxorubicin (DOX), a chemotherapeutic drug, and then coated with lipid bilayer to allow modification with polyethylene glycol (PEG) to acquire excellent colloidal stability...
November 2017: Biomaterials
Olivier Dalstein, Effrosyni Gkaniatsou, Clemence Sicard, Ozlem Sel, Hubert Perrot, Christian Serre, Cedric Boissiere, Marco Faustini
Herein, a straightforward crack-patterning method is reported allowing the direct formation of periodic cracks in Metal-Organic Framework nanoparticles films during dip-coating deposition. The crack propagation and periodicity can be easily tailored by controlling the evaporation front and the withdrawal speed. Several MOF patterned films can be fabricated on large surfaces and on several substrates (flat, curved or flexible) including the inner surface of a tube, not achievable by other lithographic techniques...
September 22, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Tian Sun, Yongjie Wang, Wenzhi Yu, Yusheng Wang, Zhigao Dai, Zeke Liu, Bannur Nanjunda Shivananju, Yupeng Zhang, Kai Fu, Babar Shabbir, Wanli Ma, Shaojuan Li, Qiaoliang Bao
The integration of graphene with colloidal quantum dots (QDs) that have tunable light absorption affords new opportunities for optoelectronic applications as such a hybrid system solves the problem of both quantity and mobility of photocarriers. In this work, a hybrid system comprising of monolayer graphene and self-doped colloidal copper phosphide (Cu3-x P) QDs is developed for efficient broadband photodetection. Unlike conventional PbS QDs that are toxic, Cu3-x P QDs are environmental friendly and have plasmonic resonant absorption in near-infrared (NIR) wavelength...
September 22, 2017: Small
Ville Liljeström, Ari Ora, Jukka Hassinen, Heikki T Rekola, Nonappa, Maria Heilala, Ville Hynninen, Jussi J Joensuu, Robin H A Ras, Päivi Törmä, Olli Ikkala, Mauri A Kostiainen
Material properties depend critically on the packing and order of constituent units throughout length scales. Beyond classically explored molecular self-assembly, structure formation in the nanoparticle and colloidal length scales have recently been actively explored for new functions. Structure of colloidal assemblies depends strongly on the assembly process, and higher structural control can be reliably achieved only if the process is deterministic. Here we show that self-assembly of cationic spherical metal nanoparticles and anionic rod-like viruses yields well-defined binary superlattice wires...
September 22, 2017: Nature Communications
Swomitra Palit, Lilin He, William A Hamilton, Arun Yethiraj, Anand Yethiraj
We have examined the effect of crowder particle charge on macromolecular structure, studied via small-angle neutron scattering, and translational dynamics, studied via pulsed-field gradient NMR, in addition to bulk viscosity measurements, in a polymer macromolecule (polyethylene glycol)-nanoparticle crowder (polysucrose, Ficoll70) model system, in the case where polymer size and crowder size are comparable. While there are modest effects of crowder charge on polymer dynamics at relatively low packing fractions, there is only a tiny effect at the high packing fractions that represent the limit of molecular crowding...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Roberto Cerbino, Pietro Cicuta
Differential dynamic microscopy (DDM) is a technique that exploits optical microscopy to obtain local, multi-scale quantitative information about dynamic samples, in most cases without user intervention. It is proving extremely useful in understanding dynamics in liquid suspensions, soft materials, cells, and tissues. In DDM, image sequences are analyzed via a combination of image differences and spatial Fourier transforms to obtain information equivalent to that obtained by means of light scattering techniques...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Xiaonan Wang, Daoyong Zhang, Haifeng Qian, Yan Liang, Xiangliang Pan, Geoffrey Michael Gadd
Ubiquitous colloidal minerals such as goethite can have a significant impact on the performance of nanoparticles-based groundwater remediation due to aggregation. Heteroaggregation and retention of Se nanoparticles (SeNPs) by goethite in groundwater, and its impact on Hg(0) remediation by SeNPs were investigated in this study. In order to mitigate the adverse effects of aggregation, the effects of bacterial extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) on the stability of SeNPs and Hg(0) sequestration using SeNPs were also evaluated...
September 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Hongguan Wu, Yu Li, Damir Kadirov, Shuangliang Zhao, Xiaohua Lu, Honglai Liu
The solvent-mediated interaction, or equivalently the depletion force, play a pivotal role in the processes, by which two objects in solution such as lock and key particles, antibody and antigen, macromolecule and substrate, are attracted to each other. The quantification of this interaction is important yet challenging since it depends on the microscopic solvent structure in the surrounding. Here, we report an efficient molecular approach for predicting the solvent-mediated interaction by combining the classical density functional theory with a reversible solvation thermodynamic circle...
September 22, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Anton S Zadorin, Yannick Rondelez, Guillaume Gines, Vadim Dilhas, Georg Urtel, Adrian Zambrano, Jean-Christophe Galas, André Estevez-Torres
During embryo development, patterns of protein concentration appear in response to morphogen gradients. These patterns provide spatial and chemical information that directs the fate of the underlying cells. Here, we emulate this process within non-living matter and demonstrate the autonomous structuration of a synthetic material. First, we use DNA-based reaction networks to synthesize a French flag, an archetypal pattern composed of three chemically distinct zones with sharp borders whose synthetic analogue has remained elusive...
October 2017: Nature Chemistry
Christina C Davis, Marc A Edwards
Natural organic matter (NOM) is capable of interfering with Fe hydrolysis and influencing the size, morphology, and identity of Fe precipitates. Conversely, Ca(2+) raises surface potential and increases the size and aggregation of Fe precipitates, leading to more effective coagulation and widening the pH range of water treatment. Experiments and modeling were conducted to investigate the significance of the Fe/NOM ratio and the presence of Ca(2+) in coagulation. At the high Fe/NOM ratio, sufficient or excess Fe was available for NOM removal, and coagulation proceeded according to expectations based upon the literature...
September 22, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Sukwoo Jang, Kyungtae Kim, Jonghyuk Jeon, Donghwi Kang, Byeong-Hyeok Sohn
Supracolloidal chains of diblock copolymer micelles were functionalized with gold and silver nanoparticles (NPs). Both NPs were independently synthesized in situ in the core of spherical micelles which were then converted to patchy micelles. With these patchy micelles as colloidal monomers, supracolloidal chains were polymerized by combining the patches of neighboring micelles. Since all micelles contained NPs, NPs were incorporated in every repeat unit of chains. In addition, a single gold NP was synthesized in the micellar core in contrast to several silver NPs so that we differentiated the chains with Au NPs from those with Ag NPs by the number of NPs in the repeat unit as well as by plasmonic bands in UV-Vis spectra...
September 22, 2017: Soft Matter
Bing Yu, Qianqian Song, Hailin Cong, Xiaodan Xu, Dongwei Han, Zhongmin Geng, Xiaoyan Zhang, Muhammad Usman
In this paper, a thermo- and pH-responsive microfiltration membrane was prepared based on three-dimensional (3D) inverse colloidal crystals (ICC). To manufacture the smart ICC membrane, the typical thermo-responsive N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) and pH-responsive methacrylic acid (MAA) were polymerized inside silica colloidal crystals. The smart ICC membranes were characterized by SEM, IR and contact angle measurements. Moreover, the permeability of smart microfiltration membrane was carried out by the KCl diffusion tests...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
Hao Qiu, Erik Smolders
Bioavailability-modifying factors such as soil type and aging have only rarely been considered in assessing toxicity of metal-containing nanoparticles in soil. Here, we examined the toxicity to barley (Hordeum vulgare) of CuO nanoparticles (CuO-NPs) relative to CuO bulk particles (CuO-BPs) and Cu acetate (Cu(OAc)2) in six different soils with or without aging. The set up allows identifying whether or not NPs-derived colloidal Cu in soil porewater contributes to toxicity. Ultrafiltration (50 kDa) was performed together with geochemical modeling to determine {Cu2+} (free Cu2+ activity in soil porewater)...
September 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Adam Lanzarotta, Lisa Lorenz, JaCinta S Batson, Cheryl Flurer
A simple, fast, sensitive and effective pass/fail field-friendly method has been developed for detecting sildenafil in suspect Viagra and unapproved tablets using handheld Raman spectrometers and silver colloids. The method involves dissolving a portion of a tablet in water followed by filtration and addition of silver colloids, resulting in a solution that can be measured directly through a glass vial. Over one hundred counterfeit Viagra and unapproved tablets were examined on three different devices during the method development phase of the study...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Slađana Davidović, Vesna Lazić, Ivana Vukoje, Jelena Papan, S Phillip Anhrenkiel, Suzana Dimitrijević, Jovan M Nedeljković
A simple, fast and non-costly method for selective cysteine (Cys) detection, based on optical changes of silver colloids, is developed. For that purpose, stable colloids consisting of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) coated with polysaccharide dextran (Dex), isolated from bacterium species Leuconostoc mesenteroides T3, were prepared. The synthesized samples were thoroughly characterized including absorption and FTIR spectroscopy, as well as transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. The silver colloids display high sensitivity and selectivity towards Cys detection in aqueous solutions...
September 12, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
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