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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336208/the-effects-of-sex-differences-and-hormonal-contraception-on-outcomes-following-collegiate-sports-related-concussion
#1
Virginia Terwilliger Gallagher, Natalie Kramer, Kristin Abbott, John Alexander, Hans Breiter, Amy Herrold, Tory Lindley, Jeffrey Mjaanes, James Reilly
There is conflicting evidence regarding whether females are more adversely affected following concussion relative to males. Further, recent research suggests hormonal contraceptive (HC) use may affect symptom severity and duration post-concussion. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of sex and HC use on outcomes following concussion among collegiate varsity athletes. We hypothesized females would have longer length of recovery (LOR) and peak symptom severity would be associated with longer length of recovery in both males and females...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332665/performance-outcomes-after-medial-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-in-major-league-baseball-positional-players
#2
John P Begly, Michael S Guss, Theodore S Wolfson, Siddharth A Mahure, Andrew S Rokito, Laith M Jazrawi
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine whether professional baseball positional players who underwent medial ulnar collateral ligament (MUCL) reconstruction demonstrate decreases in performance on return to competition compared with preoperative performance metrics and their control-matched peers. METHODS: Data for 35 Major League Baseball positional players who underwent MUCL reconstruction during 31 seasons were obtained. Twenty-six players met inclusion criteria...
February 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330738/a-video-review-of-multiple-concussion-signs-in-national-rugby-league-match-play
#3
Andrew J Gardner, David R Howell, Grant L Iverson
BACKGROUND: Video review has been introduced in many professional sports worldwide to help recognize concussions. However, to date, there has been very little research on the accuracy of using video analysis to identify signs of concussion and the various combinations of observed signs. METHODS: The objective of the study is to determine the accuracy of combinations of clinical signs of concussion identified using video analysis to identify concussions in the National Rugby League (NRL)...
January 12, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330670/treatment-of-partial-thickness-rotator-cuff-tears-in-overhead-athletes
#4
REVIEW
Joseph N Liu, Grant H Garcia, Anirudh K Gowd, Brandon C Cabarcas, Michael D Charles, Anthony A Romeo, Nikhil N Verma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the etiology, classification, presentation, evaluation, treatment strategy, and outcomes in overhead athletes with partial thickness rotator cuff tears. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite advances in surgical repair techniques, return to play following surgical repair of partial rotator cuff tears remains modest at best. Overhead athletes may be particularly prone to rotator cuff pathology due to the supraphysiological strains within the tendon during the throwing motion, as well as mechanical stress with contact between the undersurface of the rotator cuff and the glenoid...
January 13, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321373/the-current-state-of-biomarkers-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
REVIEW
Han Jun Kim, Jack W Tsao, Ansley Grimes Stanfill
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a common occurrence, with over 3 million cases reported every year in the United States. While research into the underlying pathophysiology is ongoing, there is an urgent need for better clinical guidelines that allow more consistent diagnosis of mTBI and ensure safe return-to-play timelines for athletes, nonathletes, and military personnel. The development of a suite of biomarkers that indicate the pathogenicity of mTBI could lead to clinically useful tools for establishing both diagnosis and prognosis...
January 11, 2018: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320219/modified-latarjet-without-capsulolabral-repair-in-rugby-players-with-recurrent-anterior-glenohumeral-instability-and-significant-glenoid-bone-loss
#6
Maximiliano Ranalletta, Luciano A Rossi, Agustin Bertona, Ignacio Tanoira, Ignacio Alonso Hidalgo, Gastón D Maignon, Santiago L Bongiovanni
BACKGROUND: The optimal management of recurrent anterior shoulder instability with significant glenoid bone loss in high-demand collision athletes remains a challenge. PURPOSE: To analyze the time to return to sport, clinical outcomes, and recurrences following a modified Latarjet procedure without capsulolabral repair in rugby players with recurrent anterior shoulder instability and significant glenoid bone loss. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318176/venous-thromboembolism-within-professional-american-sport-leagues
#7
Meghan Bishop, Matthew Astolfi, Eric Padegimas, Peter DeLuca, Sommer Hammoud
Background: Numerous reports have described players in professional American sports leagues who have been sidelined with a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or a pulmonary embolism (PE), but little is known about the clinical implications of these events in professional athletes. Purpose: To conduct a retrospective review of injury reports from the National Hockey League (NHL), Major League Baseball (MLB), the National Basketball Association (NBA), and the National Football League (NFL) to take a closer look at the incidence of DVT/PE, current treatment approaches, and estimated time to return to play in professional athletes...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315106/zurich-to-berlin-where-are-we-now-with-the-concussion-in-sport-group
#8
Margaret E Pusateri, Brandon J Hockenberry, Christopher A McGrew
The Concussion in Sport Group recently published its highly anticipated fifth consensus statement on sports-related concussion. The latest iteration features a new organizational format-the "11 Rs" and has input from a wider range of health care professionals, organizations, and experts in the field from both the sport concussion area and from related areas outside of sport. The stated objective of this current document is to "build on the principles outlined in previous statements and develop further conceptual understanding of sports-related concussion...
January 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315101/management-and-return-to-play-considerations-in-an-elite-hockey-player-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#9
Michael J Ellis, Lesley Ritchie, Marco Essig, Marcus Ng, Arturo Tamayo, Demitre Serletis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287067/how-to-determine-leg-dominance-the-agreement-between-self-reported-and-observed-performance-in-healthy-adults
#10
Nicky van Melick, Bart M Meddeler, Thomas J Hoogeboom, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Robert E H van Cingel
CONTEXT: Since decades leg dominance is suggested to be important in rehabilitation and return to play in athletes with anterior cruciate ligament injuries. However, an ideal method to determine leg dominance in relation to task performance is still lacking. OBJECTIVE: To test the agreement between self-reported and observed leg dominance in bilateral mobilizing and unilateral stabilizing tasks, and to assess whether the dominant leg switches between bilateral mobilizing tasks and unilateral stabilizing tasks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286965/return-to-national-basketball-association-competition-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-fibular-collateral-ligament-injuries-a-case-report
#11
Robert F LaPrade, Luke O'Brien, Nicholas I Kennedy, Mark E Cinque, Jorge Chahla
CASE: Numerous outcome studies regarding anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction demonstrate the ability of athletes to return to a high level of play. However, to our knowledge, there is limited literature regarding return to play following injury to both the ACL and the fibular collateral ligament (FCL). We describe the case of a National Basketball Association (NBA) player who sustained a combined ACL and FCL knee injury and subsequently underwent surgical reconstruction of both affected ligaments...
October 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280684/sport-related-concussive-convulsions-a-systematic-review
#12
Nicholas O Kuhl, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Hannah Burnette, Gary S Solomon, Scott L Zuckerman
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of sport-related concussion (SRC) continues to rise. Presentations of concussed athletes vary from subtle symptoms to notable signs. Between the 4th and 5th iterations of the Concussion in Sport Group (CISG) guidelines, concussive convulsions were removed as a modifying factor, but little evidence or discussion supported this change. While considerable research exists regarding post-traumatic epilepsy in moderate to severe traumatic brain injury, convulsions following SRC are relatively understudied...
December 27, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276713/participation-in-recreational-athletics-after-operative-fixation-of-tibial-plateau-fractures-predictors-and-functional-outcomes-of-those-getting-back-in-the-game
#13
David N Kugelman, Abdullah M Qatu, Jack M Haglin, Sanjit R Konda, Kenneth A Egol
Background: Tibial plateau fractures can be devastating traumatic injuries to the knee, particularly in active athletes. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to report on the return to participation in recreational athletics after operatively managed tibial plateau fractures. In addition, this study assessed factors associated with the ability to return to participation in recreational athletics after tibial plateau fractures treated with open reduction internal fixation and compared final outcomes between patients who were able to return to recreational athletics and those who could not...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259806/concussion-knowledge-and-experience-among-welsh-amateur-rugby-union-coaches-and-referees
#14
Steffan Arthur Griffin, Craig Ranson, Isabel Moore, Prabhat Mathema
Background: Rugby union is a collision sport where participants are at high risk of sustaining a concussion. In settings where there is little qualified medical supervision, certain stakeholders (eg, coaches and officials) should possess sufficient knowledge in regard to the recognition and management of concussion. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and experience of various aspects of concussion among coaches and referees involved in Welsh amateur rugby union...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225021/implications-of-core-and-hip-injuries-on-major-league-baseball-pitchers-on-the-disabled-list
#15
Nathan E Marshall, Toufic R Jildeh, Kelechi R Okoroha, Ankur Patel, Vasilios Moutzouros, Eric C Makhni
PURPOSE: To investigate the frequency of core and hip injuries in Major League Baseball (MLB) pitchers and their impact on performance, workload, and pitch type. METHODS: Demographic, performance data, and injury data were acquired for 330 MLB pitchers with 454 injuries placed on the disabled list (DL) from 2014 to 2015 seasons. Core and hip/groin injuries were analyzed in which injury year data were compared with career data and against other injury groups. RESULTS: Core injuries represented 14% of all injuries and hip/groin injuries represented 7%...
December 7, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219886/impact-of-clavicle-fractures-on-return-to-play-and-performance-ratings-in-nfl-athletes
#16
Darshan Vora, Matthew Baker, Rajeev Pandarinath
OBJECTIVE: Clavicle fractures in the National Football League (NFL) have gained significant attention because of their impact on high profile athletes; however, little has been published on the overall impact of these injuries. This study sought to determine the time to return to play and quantitative impact on athletic performance after clavicle fractures in NFL athletes. DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort Study; Level of evidence, 3. SETTING: Retrospective cohort study of NFL athletes based on published injury reports and player statistics...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192878/motion-preserving-2-stage-transoral-and-posterior-treatment-of-an-unstable-jefferson-fracture-in-a-professional-football-player
#17
Gerald E Rodts, Griffin R Baum, Fermin G Stewart, John G Heller
The authors report the case of a patient who suffered a Jefferson fracture during a professional football game. The C-1 (atlas) fracture was widely displaced anteriorly, but the transverse ligament was intact. In an effort to enable a return to play and avoid intersegmental (C1-2) fusion, the patient underwent a transoral approach for open reduction and internal fixation of the fracture. The associated posterior ring fracture displacement widened after this procedure, and a subsequent posterior arthrodesis and fixation of the fracture site was performed 6 months later when the fracture failed to heal with rigid collar immobilization...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190849/concussion-recovery-phase-affects-vestibular-and-oculomotor-symptom-provocation
#18
Kelly M Cheever, Jane McDevitt, Ryan Tierney, W Geoffrey Wright
Vestibular and oculomotor testing is emerging as a valuable assessment in sport-related concussion (SRC). However, their usefulness for tracking recovery and guiding return-to-play decisions remains unclear. Therefore the purpose of this study was to evaluate their clinical usefulness for tracking SRC recovery. Vestibular and oculomotor assessments were used to measure symptom provocation in an acute group (n=21) concussed≤10 days, prolonged symptoms group (n=10) concussed ≥16 days (median=84 days), healthy group (n=58) no concussions in >6 months...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189340/influence-of-postconcussion-sleep-duration-on-concussion-recovery-in-collegiate-athletes
#19
Nicole L Hoffman, Michelle L Weber, Steven P Broglio, Michael McCrea, Thomas W McAllister, Julianne D Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether decreased sleep duration postconcussion influences days to asymptomatic and assessment of performance throughout recovery. DESIGN: Prospective. SETTING: Institutional Clinical Research Laboratory. PATIENTS: Four hundred twenty-three collegiate athletes were diagnosed with concussion. INTERVENTIONS: Multidimensional concussion assessment battery was conducted at baseline, within 24 to 48 hours, daily [2-4 days postinjury (PI); symptoms only], once asymptomatic, and after return-to-play...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189334/considerations-in-the-care-of-athletes-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#20
George G A Pujalte, Jennifer R Maynard, McKennan J Thurston, Walter C Taylor, Mohit Chauhan
OBJECTIVES: Uncover literature pertaining to: (1) attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and how it impacts athletes; (2) ADHD medication effects; (3) regulations regarding ADHD medications; (4) approaches to conditions similar to, and occurring with, ADHD; and (5) use of stimulants. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Ovid interface. MAIN RESULTS: ADHD can have many effects on athletes and sports participation...
November 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
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