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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189580/comparison-of-body-composition-variables-across-a-large-sample-of-ncaa-women-athletes-from-six-competitive-sports
#1
Jennifer B Fields, Casey J Metoyer, Jason C Casey, Michael R Esco, Andrew R Jagim, Margaret T Jones
Body composition (BC) plays a critical role in sport performance and athlete health. Body size and BC have been widely studied in men's sports, with reported changes observed over time. However, a paucity of current data exists in women athletes. The purpose of the current descriptive study was to measure and compare BC data for collegiate women athletes from six competitive sports. A total of 524 athletes from two NCAA institutions participated: basketball (BB; n = 95), gymnastics (GYM; n = 42), lacrosse (LAX; n = 81), rowing (ROW; n = 57), soccer (SOC; n = 188), and volleyball (VB; n = 61)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188492/investigating-the-effects-of-subconcussion-on-functional-connectivity-using-mass-univariate-and-multivariate-approaches
#2
Bryson B Reynolds, Amanda N Stanton, Sauson Soldozy, Howard P Goodkin, Max Wintermark, T Jason Druzgal
There are concerns about the effects of subconcussive head impacts in sport, but the effects of subconcussion on brain connectivity are not well understood. We hypothesized that college football players experience changes in brain functional connectivity not found in athletes competing in lower impact sports or healthy controls. These changes may be spatially heterogeneous across participants, requiring analysis methods that go beyond mass-univariate approaches commonly used in functional MRI (fMRI). To test this hypothesis, we analyzed resting-state fMRI data from college football (n = 15), soccer (n = 12), and lacrosse players (n = 16), and controls (n = 29) collected at preseason and postseason time points...
November 29, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162658/hand-and-wrist-injuries-among-us-high-school-athletes-2005-06-2015-16
#3
Bernadette K Johnson, Lina Brou, Sarah K Fields, Alexandria N Erkenbeck, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: The risk of hand/wrist injuries is present across various sports. Little is known about the epidemiology of such injuries. The objective of this study was to calculate the rates of hand/wrist injuries and investigate injury patterns among high school athletes. METHODS: Athlete exposure (AE) and hand/wrist injury data were collected during 11 academic years, 2005/06 through 2015/16, from a large sample of US high schools as part of the National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance Study...
November 21, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125529/cross-sectional-evaluation-of-visuomotor-tracking-performance-following-subconcussive-head-impacts
#4
E B Brokaw, M S Fine, K E Kindschi, A C Santago Ii, P S Lum, M Higgins
BACKGROUND: Repeated mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) has been associated with increased risk of degenerative neurological disorders. While the effects of mTBI and repeated injury are known, studies have only recently started examining repeated subconcussive impacts, impacts that do not result in a clinically diagnosed mTBI. In these studies, repeated subconcussive impacts have been connected to cognitive performance and brain imaging changes. OBJECTIVE: Recent research suggests that performance on a visuomotor tracking (VMT) task may help improve the identification of mTBI...
November 3, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023277/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-slipping-rib-syndrome
#5
Cassidy M Foley, Dai Sugimoto, David P Mooney, William P Meehan, Andrea Stracciolini
OBJECTIVE: (1) To investigate the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of slipping rib syndrome in athletes; (2) to investigate the hooking maneuver for diagnosis of slipping rib syndrome. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of 362 athletes with rib pain. SETTING: Pediatric-based sports medicine clinic between January 1, 1999, and March 1, 2014. PATIENTS: Costochondritis, Tietze, fractures, rib tip syndrome, and unclear diagnoses were excluded...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985697/characterization-of-prepractice-injury-prevention-exercises-of-high-school-athletic-teams
#6
James R Slauterbeck, Autumn Reilly, Pamela M Vacek, Rebecca Choquette, Timothy W Tourville, Bert Mandelbaum, Robert J Johnson, Bruce D Beynnon
BACKGROUND: Static and dynamic exercises are performed before activity to decrease injury risk and increase performance. Although evidence supports using dynamic over static stretching and performing Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 11+ as a dynamic prepractice routine, we do not know the frequency at which these exercises are utilized in high school populations. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that there is a wide variety of preparticipation exercises performed by high school athletes, and that few high school teams perform FIFA 11+ as an injury prevention program in its entirety...
November 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969821/editorial-commentary-increased-risk-of-second-ruptures-and-poorer-outcomes-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-and-reconstruction-in-hypermobile-athletes-a-potential-synergism-of-passive-ligamentous-and-active-muscular-control-of-dynamic-knee-stability
#7
EDITORIAL
Timothy E Hewett
Graft failure rates were higher and inferior subjective outcomes were observed after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in patients with generalized hypermobility. This is a clear and corroborative finding that is highly consilient with other reports of similar studies from the published literature. However, controversy remains regarding other potentially predictive and confounding variables. For example, age, activity level, sex, and dynamic neuromuscular control were not considered in this interesting, important, and potentially impactful study...
October 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945690/epidemiology-of-anterior-tibial-spine-fractures-in-young-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-122-cases
#8
Derek P Axibal, Justin J Mitchell, Meredith H Mayo, Jorge Chahla, Chase S Dean, Claire E Palmer, Kristen Campbell, Armando F Vidal, Jason T Rhodes
BACKGROUND: Historically, bicycle accidents were described as the most common mechanism for pediatric anterior tibial spine fractures (ATSFs). There is a paucity of current literature examining the demographic factors associated with these injuries. The purpose of this cohort study was to characterize the epidemiology of ATSFs presenting to a single tertiary referral pediatric hospital. METHODS: A consecutive cohort of 122 pediatric patients with ATSFs between 1996 and 2014 were reviewed...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937802/the-epidemiology-of-stress-fractures-in-collegiate-student-athletes-2004-2005-through-2013-2014-academic-years
#9
Katherine H Rizzone, Kathryn E Ackerman, Karen G Roos, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Stress fractures are injuries caused by cumulative, repetitive stress that leads to abnormal bone remodeling. Specific populations, including female athletes and endurance athletes, are at higher risk than the general athletic population. Whereas more than 460 000 individuals participate in collegiate athletics in the United States, no large study has been conducted to determine the incidence of stress fractures in collegiate athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the incidence of stress fractures in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes and investigate rates and patterns overall and by sport...
October 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918649/characterizing-verified-head-impacts-in-high-school-girls-lacrosse
#10
Shane V Caswell, Andrew E Lincoln, Hannah Stone, Patricia Kelshaw, Margot Putukian, Lisa Hepburn, Michael Higgins, Nelson Cortes
BACKGROUND: Girls' high school lacrosse players have higher rates of head and facial injuries than boys. Research indicates that these injuries are caused by stick, player, and ball contacts. Yet, no studies have characterized head impacts in girls' high school lacrosse. PURPOSE: To characterize girls' high school lacrosse game-related impacts by frequency, magnitude, mechanism, player position, and game situation. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902125/epidemiology-of-youth-boys-and-girls-lacrosse-injuries-in-the-2015-2016-seasons
#11
Zachary Y Kerr, Andrew E Lincoln, Thomas Dodge, Susan W Yeargin, Tracey M Covassin, Vincent C Nittoli, James Mensch, Karen G Roos, Thomas P Dompier, Shane V Caswell
PURPOSE: Examinations of injury among younger populations of lacrosse players that are beginning their development is limited. This study describes the epidemiology of youth boys' and girls' lacrosse injuries during the 2015-2016 seasons. METHODS: Surveillance data originated from a convenience sample of 10 leagues in five states with 1090 boys' and 480 girls' lacrosse players from the U9-U15 divisions. Athletic trainers reported injury and exposure data at games and practices...
September 7, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855793/the-use-of-compression-tack-and-flossing-along-with-lacrosse-ball-massage-to-treat-chronic-achilles-tendinopathy-in-an-adolescent-athlete-a-case-report
#12
Jennifer Borda, Mitchell Selhorst
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendinopathy is an overuse injury that often affects individuals engaged in recreational or competitive level activity. Although most patients experience satisfactory results with therapy, a substantial portion fail to respond to traditional treatment. The purpose of this case study is to describe the successful use of compression tack and flossing (CTF) with lacrosse ball massage (LBM) in the treatment of an adolescent athlete with Achilles tendinopathy who had failed to respond to traditional treatment...
February 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825605/effect-of-carbohydrate-caffeine-and-carbohydrate-caffeine-mouth-rinsing-on-intermittent-running-performance-in-collegiate-male-lacrosse-athletes
#13
Patrick Dolan, Kyle E Witherbee, Kimi M Peterson, Chad M Kerksick
Dolan, P, Witherbee, KE, Peterson, KM, and Kerksick, CM. Effect of carbohydrate, caffeine, and carbohydrate + caffeine mouth rinsing on intermittent running performance in collegiate male lacrosse athletes. J Strength Cond Res 31(9): 2473-2479, 2017-Recently, an interest has developed in the potential to rinse the oral cavity with key nutrients to impact various types of exercise and presumably sporting performance. Although multiple studies examining carbohydrate mouth rinsing have been completed, conflicting evidence surrounding caffeine mouth rinsing persists, and no research has explored its ability to impact high-intensity, intermittent running performance...
September 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801751/activity-demands-during-multi-directional-team-sports-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Jeffrey B Taylor, Alexis A Wright, Steven L Dischiavi, M Allison Townsend, Adam R Marmon
BACKGROUND: Late-stage rehabilitation programs often incorporate 'sport-specific' demands, but may not optimally simulate the in-game volume or intensity of such activities as sprinting, cutting, jumping, and lateral movement. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to characterize, quantify, and compare straight-line running and multi-directional demands during sport competition. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases was conducted...
December 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742608/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-women-s-lacrosse-implications-for-sport-level-and-sex-specific-injury-prevention-strategies
#15
Kim D Barber Foss, Ed Le Cara, Teri McCambridge, Richard Y Hinton, Adam Kushner, Gregory D Myer
OBJECTIVE: By the end of 2013, the United States had an estimated 278 000 female lacrosse players, with half of those participating at the youth level. The effects of the sport's rapid growth on injury rates have yet to be determined. The purpose of this clinical review is to synthesize the available published data on injuries that have occurred in the sport of women's lacrosse. Of particular interest was the risk of injury based on the level of play and position. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, High Wire Press, SPORTDiscus, Google Scholar, and Ovid using the keywords "Lacrosse Injuries," "Epidemiology Lacrosse Injuries," "Lacrosse Injury," "Lacrosse," and "Injury...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707498/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-men-s-lacrosse-injury-prevention-implications-for-competition-level-type-of-play-and-player-position
#16
Kim D Barber Foss, Ed Le Cara, Teri McCambridge, Richard Hinton, Adam Kushner, Gregory D Myer
OBJECTIVE: The growth in participation in men's lacrosse has increased the likelihood of sport-specific injuries, yet there continues to be a need for specific epidemiological data concerning lacrosse injuries. The purpose of this literature review is to aggregate available published data on injuries that occur in the sport of men's lacrosse at the youth, high school, collegiate, and professional levels. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, High Wire Press, SPORTDiscus, Google Scholar, and Ovid, using the keywords Lacrosse Injuries, Epidemiology Lacrosse Injuries, Lacrosse Injury, Lacrosse AND Injury and limited to 1990-2016...
July 31, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541813/video-analysis-verification-of-head-impact-events-measured-by-wearable-sensors
#17
Nelson Cortes, Andrew E Lincoln, Gregory D Myer, Lisa Hepburn, Michael Higgins, Margot Putukian, Shane V Caswell
BACKGROUND: Wearable sensors are increasingly used to quantify the frequency and magnitude of head impact events in multiple sports. There is a paucity of evidence that verifies head impact events recorded by wearable sensors. PURPOSE: To utilize video analysis to verify head impact events recorded by wearable sensors and describe the respective frequency and magnitude. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: Thirty male (mean age, 16...
August 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535098/ball-contact-injuries-in-11-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports-the-injury-surveillance-program-2009-2010-through-2014-2015
#18
Melissa A Fraser, Dustin R Grooms, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Surveillance data regarding injuries caused by ball contact in collegiate athletes have not been well examined and are mostly limited to discussions of concussions and catastrophic injuries. OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of ball-contact injuries in 11 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Convenience sample of NCAA programs in 11 sports (men's football, women's field hockey, women's volleyball, men's baseball, women's softball, men's and women's basketball, men's and women's lacrosse, and men's and women's soccer) during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years...
July 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495973/contrasting-the-role-of-xct-and-glt-1-upregulation-in-the-ability-of-ceftriaxone-to-attenuate-the-cue-induced-reinstatement-of-cocaine-seeking-and-normalize-ampa-receptor-subunit-expression
#19
Amber L LaCrosse, Sinead M O'Donovan, Marian T Sepulveda-Orengo, Robert E McCullumsmith, Kathryn J Reissner, Marek Schwendt, Lori A Knackstedt
Long-term treatment with ceftriaxone attenuates the reinstatement of cocaine seeking while increasing the function of the glutamate transporter 1 (GLT-1) and system xC- (Sxc) in the nucleus accumbens core (NAc). Sxc contributes the majority of nonsynaptic extracellular glutamate in the NAc, while GLT-1 is responsible for the majority of glutamate uptake. Here we used antisense to decrease the expression of GLT-1 and xCT (a catalytic subunit of Sxc) to determine the relative importance of both proteins in mediating the ability of ceftriaxone to prevent cue-induced reinstatement of cocaine seeking and normalize glutamatergic proteins in the NAc of rats...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463915/return-to-play-and-patient-satisfaction-after-acl-reconstruction-study-with-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#20
Benedict U Nwachukwu, Pramod B Voleti, Patricia Berkanish, Brenda Chang, Matthew R Cohn, Riley J Williams, Answorth A Allen
BACKGROUND: Return to play and patient satisfaction after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) have been inconsistently studied. The purposes of this study were to (1) investigate rates and predictors of return to play after ACLR, (2) evaluate patient satisfaction after ACLR, and (3) analyze the relationship between return to play and satisfaction with the result of ACLR. METHODS: Eligible patients were active athletes included in an institutional ACL registry who had undergone ACLR and had been followed for a minimum of 2 years...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
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