Read by QxMD icon Read

Prostate embolization

Shamar Young, Jafar Golzarian
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Over the last several years prostate artery embolization (PAE) has been developed as a minimally invasive technique for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia induced lower urinary tract symptoms. This review aims to elucidate the data available on this developing technique and identify areas requiring further investigation. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have demonstrated that PAE is able to deliver excellent clinical outcomes in terms of International Prostate Symptom Score, quality-of-life score, maximum urinary flow rate, post-void residual, and prostate volume reduction...
March 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
Johannes C van der Mijn, Mathijs J Kuiper, Carl E H Siegert, Annabeth E Wassenaar, Carel J M van Noesel, Aernout C Ogilvie
Lactic acidosis is a commonly observed clinical condition that is associated with a poor prognosis, especially in malignancies. We describe a case of an 81-year-old patient who presented with symptoms of tachypnea and general discomfort. Arterial blood gas analysis showed a high anion gap acidosis with a lactate level of 9.5 mmol/L with respiratory compensation. CT scanning showed no signs of pulmonary embolism or other causes of impaired tissue oxygenation. Despite treatment with sodium bicarbonate, the patient developed an adrenalin-resistant cardiac arrest, most likely caused by the acidosis...
September 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
Luis Gorospe Sarasúa, Nicolás Alejandro Almeida-Aróstegui, Isabel García-Gómez-Muriel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2018: Archivos de Bronconeumología
Saturnino Napal Lecumberri, Iñigo Insausti Gorbea, Ana Sáez de Ocáriz García, Saioa Solchaga Álvarez, José Luis Cebrián Lostal, Raquel Monreal Beortegui, Pedro José Giral Villalta, Fermín Urtasun Grijalba
Background: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a prevalent disease associated with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). The standard of care for moderate-to-severe LUTS unresponsive to pharmacological treatment is the transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). However, this intervention is not exempt from complications. Prostatic artery embolization (PAE) has been described as a new, effective and safe procedure for the treatment of LUTS secondary to BPH. To date, only one clinical trial has been published on the use of PAE for LUTS, but the study was methodologically flawed in terms of safety monitoring...
2018: Research and Reports in Urology
Mayur Virarkar, Silvana de Castro Faria, Madhavi Patnana, Miao Zhang, Tara Sagebiel
Leiomyomas can develop in any organ containing smooth muscles. They most commonly occur in the gastrointestinal and the female genital tracts. Leiomyoma of the prostate is a rare, benign tumor. We report 3 cases of rare prostatic leiomyomas. The paucity of literature describing prostatic leiomyoma increases the chance for misdiagnosis. Fewer than 30 cases in the English literature, with none including magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography (CT), ultrasound, positron emission tomography-CT, and pathological findings together were found...
February 5, 2018: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
Alexander Y Kim, David H Field, Danielle DeMulder, James Spies, Pranay Krishnan
In 17 patients who underwent prostate artery embolization for treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms, the accuracy of preprocedural magnetic resonance (MR) angiography was retrospectively compared with intraprocedural digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in the identification of prostatic artery origin. Of 34 vessels, 26 MR angiography identified origins (76.5%) were confirmed by DSA at the time of embolization. Although image postprocessing is required, the ability of MR angiography to accurately identify prostatic artery origins prior to embolization is useful in treatment planning and can obviate the need for separate computed tomographic angiography, thus reducing both radiation dose and time demand on patients...
March 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Daniel Christidis, E Clarebrough, V Ly, M Perera, H Woo, N Lawrentschuk, D Bolton
PURPOSE: Prostatic artery embolization (PAE) has seen a recent increase in interest as a treatment for men with benign prostatic obstruction (BPO). The appeal of this intervention lies in reported reduction in morbidity and its minimally invasive nature. The purpose of this review is to assess the safety and efficacy of PAE as a new treatment in BPO and explore risks surrounding its performance. METHODS: A review of the literature was performed. Medical databases searched included PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases, limited to English, peer-reviewed articles...
February 14, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Shivank Bhatia, Vishal K Sinha, Osama Abdul-Rahim, Sardis Harward, Govindarajan Narayanan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2018: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
Maria A Rueda, Celia Riga, Mohamad S Hamady
Interventional Radiology procedures, equipment and techniques as well as image guidance have developed dramatically over the last few decades. The evidence for minimally invasive interventions in vascular and oncology fields is rapidly growing and several procedures are considered the first line management. However, radiation exposure, image guidance and innovative solutions to known anatomical challenges are still lagging behind. Robotic technology and its role in surgery have been developing at a steady speed...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
H Yang, X M Xu, B M Fang
Objective: To study the sources of emboli in patients with pulmonary embolism diagnosed by autopsy, and therefore to provide help in the diagnosis and treatment of thromboembolism. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the pathology and clinical data of 43 patients with pulmonary embolism diagnosed by autopsy from 1962 to 2012 in Beijing Hospital. Results: In patients with pulmonary embolism diagnosed by autopsy, 32.6% of the emboli came from deep veins of the lower extremities, 9.3% from the renal vein, 9.3% from the prostate sinus, 7...
February 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Hemant Desai, Hyeon Yu, Elad Ohana, Elias Taylor Gunnell, Jeremy Kim, Ari Isaacson
Pre-prostatic artery embolization (PAE) cone-beam computed tomography (CT) angiograms (n = 31; mean age: 62.4 ± 9.75 years) and conventional CT angiograms (n = 32; mean age: 62.5 ± 7.2 years) were retrospectively compared. Mean signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), radiation exposure, and prostatic artery (PA) identification scores (0-4) for cone-beam CT angiogram and conventional CT angiogram were 33.19 (± 14.31) and 18.13 (± 5.38) (P < .01); 27.42 (± 13.39) and 14.78 (± 4...
February 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Borhan Alhosseini Hamedani, Alexa Melvin, Kirubahara Vaheesan, Sameer Gadani, Keith Pereira, Andrew F Hall
PURPOSE: The goal of this work was to develop phantoms for the optimization of pre-operative computed tomography (CT) scans of the prostate artery, which are used for embolization planning. METHODS: Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) pellets were doped with barium sulfate and extruded into filaments suitable for 3D printing on a fused deposition modeling (FDM) printer. Cylinder phantoms were created to evaluate radiopacity as a function of doping percentage. Small-diameter tree phantoms were created to assess their composition and dimensional accuracy...
March 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
Anthony N Hage, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Brian Jeffers, Rajiv N Srinivasa, Joseph J Gemmete, Ravi N Srinivasa
PURPOSE: To characterize the interventional radiology Twitter network by analyzing tweets bearing the #IRad hashtag. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 61,055 consecutive tweets bearing the hashtag #IRad composed by 5,704 Twitter users from January 8, 2015 to October 13, 2017 were analyzed. Twitter analytics, including activity metrics, content analysis, user characteristics, engagement, and network analysis, were obtained with the use of Symplur Signals, a health care social media analytics platform...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Wei-Xing Jiang, Zhi-En Zhou, Wei-Gang Yan, Jie Pan, Zhi-Gang Ji
RATIONALE: Postoperative hemorrhage is a rare complication after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP), with no case reports of bleeding from the external iliac artery in the literature. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 73-year-old man diagnosed with clinical stage 2c prostate cancer underwent LRP successfully with only approximately 200 mL of intraoperative blood loss. However, his blood pressure dropped from 135/74 to 80/49 mm Hg and his hemoglobin decreased by 66 g/L compared with the preoperative level within 5 hours...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Zhilei Qiu, Changcun Zhang, Xinsheng Wang, Kai Cheng, Xin Liang, Dawen Wang, Sichuan Hou, Xinsheng Wang
Introduction: Non-surgical minimally invasive treatments are greatly needed for patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), for whom medical treatment has failed and surgery is contraindicated. This study retrospectively evaluated the efficacy and safety of super-selective prostatic artery embolization (PAE) for BPH, relative to transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). Aim: To clinically evaluate the efficacy and safety of super-selective PAE for BPH, relative to TURP...
December 2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
João Pisco, Tiago Bilhim, Nuno V Costa, Manuel Pinto Ribeiro, Lucia Fernandes, António G Oliveira
PURPOSE: To evaluate outcome of prostatic artery chemoembolization for patients with prostate cancer (PCa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-center prospective cohort study was conducted between August 2013 and July 2016 in 20 patients with PCa who underwent chemoembolization. Mean patient age was 67.5 years ± 6.4. Gleason score was 6-10, and staging was T2N0M0. Fifteen patients refused prostatectomy and 5 wanted to stop hormonal therapy because of side effects...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Tomas L Griebling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Urology
I-Wen Chen, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Jen-Yin Chen, Chien-Ming Lin, Kuo-Chuan Hung
A 73-year-old male (height, 156 cm; body weight, 51 kg), without a history of cardiovascular disease or thromboembolic events, was scheduled for transurethral resection of the prostate under spinal anesthesia. Spinal anesthesia was administered with hyperbaric bupivacaine, resulting in an upper anesthetic level of T6. Before surgery, compression stockings were applied to both lower limbs, and the patient was placed in the lithotomy position. Approximately 15 min later, he complained of intolerable chest tightness, followed by tachycardia (heart rate, 110 beats/min) and desaturation (oxygen saturation [SaO2], 90%)...
October 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
Mark R Quinlan, Bolton D Damien, Rowan G Casey
INTRODUCTION: Since the advent of prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based testing, transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy has become a standard part of the diagnostic pathway for prostate cancer (PCa). Rectal bleeding is one of the common side effects of this transrectal route. While rectal bleeding is usually mild and self-limiting, it can be life-threatening. In this article, we examine rectal bleeding post TRUS-guided prostate biopsy and explore the literature to evaluate techniques and strategies aimed at preventing and managing this common and important complication...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Jeremy I Kim, Robert G Dixon, Ari J Isaacson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"