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Perforated appendicitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531869/a-rare-case-of-subacute-appendicitis-actinomycosis-as-the-final-pathology-reports-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
G A Gómez-Torres, O S Ortega-Gárcia, E G Gutierrez-López, C A Carballido-Murguía, J A Flores-Rios, C R López-Lizarraga, C A Bautista López, C F Ploneda-Valencia
INTRODUCTION: Acute appendicitis is the most common indication for an emergency abdominal surgery in the world, with a lifetime incidence of around 10%. Actinomycetes are the etiology of appendicitis in only 0.02%-0.06%, having as the final pathology report a chronic inflammatory response; less than 10% of the cases are diagnosed before surgery. Here, we present the case of a subacute appendicitis secondary to actinomycosis. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old male presented with a twelve-day evolution of intermittent abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant, treated at the beginning with ciprofloxacin and urinary analgesic...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514306/unusual-case-of-rapid-growing-intraabdominal-abscess-caused-by-stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-after-laparoscopic-appendectomy-due-to-perforated-appendicitis-a-case-report
#2
Dae Ro Lim, Jung Cheol Kuk, Taehyung Kim, Eung Jin Shin
INTRODUCTION: An intraabdominal abscess due to Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S maltophilia) infection is a very rare clinical manifestation. S maltophilia is a glucose nonfermentative, aerobic, gram-negative, mobile, and biofilm-forming bacterium. It is an opportunistic pathogen and uncommon cause of infection. Respiratory tract infections (pneumonia) and bloodstream infections (bacteremia) are the most common clinical manifestations of S maltophilia infection. CONCLUSIONS: This case report describes an unusual case of a rapidly growing, extremely large intraabdominal abscess (within 1 week during antibiotic therapy), which was detected 2 weeks after a laparoscopic appendectomy was performed for perforated appendicitis and was caused by multidrug-resistant S maltophilia infection...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487783/delayed-awareness-of-the-history-of-barium-examination-perforated-barium-appendicitis
#3
Susumu Saigusa, Masaki Ohi, Satoshi Oki, Takashi Ichikawa, Minako Kobayashi, Yasuhiro Inoue, Chikao Miki
A 41-year-old man presented to our hospital with lower abdominal pain and a high-grade fever. Physical examination revealed rebound tenderness and guarding in the lower abdomen. Abdominal X-ray examination showed a radiopaque object in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) demonstrated that the object had a strong artifact with over 10,000 Hounsfield units, as well as ascites around the terminal ileum. We diagnosed acute peritonitis with a suspicion of the perforation due to unknown foreign body and performed an emergency laparotomy...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486259/appendicitis-in-a-neutropenic-patient-a-multicentric-retrospective-study
#4
Alberto A Scarpa, Géraldine Hery, Arnaud Petit, Benoit Brethon, Irène Jimenez, Virginie Gandemer, Samuel Abbou, Stéphanie Haouy, Jean Breaud, Marilyne Poiree
To study the management of acute appendicitis in neutropenic patients, we retrospectively reviewed cases of acute appendicitis in neutropenic children treated for cancer. The patients' demographics, medical records, and outcomes were tracked. We compared nonoperative treatment versus emergency or delayed surgery. The cases of 30 patients with a mean age of 8.8 years in 12 French departments of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology between 1995 and 2013 were studied. Most patients (90%) were treated for hematological malignancies...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472969/perforated-acute-appendicitis-with-no-peritonitis-in-a-premature-baby-a-case-report
#5
Fayza Haider, Barrak Ayoub, Mariam Al Kooheji, Mona Al Juffairi, Safa Al-Shaikh
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis in a neonate and premature baby is still considered a rare entity as diagnosis is always made after surgical exploration for acute abdominal findings mimicking necrotizing enterocolitis. Our reported case is a premature baby who had a perforated appendix with no evidence of peritonitis. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a premature Bahraini girl born at 29 weeks of gestation by spontaneous vaginal delivery to a 39-year-old G6P5 mother...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472016/laparoscopic-appendectomy-in-children-with-perforated-appendicitis-a-meta-analysis
#6
Shun Zhang, Tao Du, Xiaohua Jiang, Chun Song
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare the influence of different surgical procedures on perforated appendicitis in pediatric population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Studies were identified through a computerized literature search of Pubmed, Embase, Ovid, the Cochrane Colorectal Cancer Group Controlled Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Cochrane Library database, and Web of Science. Two reviewers independently assessed the quality of each study and abstracted outcome data...
May 3, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468685/a-neglected-risk-for-sparganosis-eating-live-tadpoles-in-central-china
#7
Jing Cui, Ye Wang, Xi Zhang, Xi-Meng Lin, Hong-Wei Zhang, Zhong-Quan Wang, Jia-Xu Chen
A 29-year-old farmer from central China was sent into the Emergency Department of the Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. He had a 15-day history of persistent high fever, abdominal distention and pain. The patient was clinically diagnosed as appendicitis and peritonitis, and treated with antibiotics in a local hospital, did not improve. On exploratory laparotomy, the appendicular perforation and peritonitis were seen; appendicectomy were performed, and antibiotics were given. However, high fever and abdominal pain still persisted; intestinal adhesion and obstruction, ascites appeared...
May 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463743/pericardial-effusion-as-a-rare-complication-of-a-perforated-appendicitis
#8
Dominic Ku, John G Cassey, Rosauro Mejia
INTRODUCTION: Whilst pericardial effusion is a known complication of abdominal pathology, it is rarely reported following ruptured appendicitis and even more rarely requires drainage in that situation. This work has been reported in line with the SCARE criteria (Agha et al., 2016). PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a 14-year-old male who developed extensive right hepatorenal and right paracolic abscesses, bilateral pleural effusions and a large pericardial effusion following laparoscopic appendicectomy...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445687/accuracy-of-low-dose-ct-in-the-diagnosis-of-appendicitis-in-childhood-and-comparison-with-usg-and-standard-dose-ct
#9
Dae Yong Yi, Kyung Hoon Lee, Sung Bin Park, Jee Taek Kim, Na Mi Lee, Hyery Kim, Sin Weon Yun, Soo Ahn Chae, In Seok Lim
OBJECTIVES: Computed tomography should be performed after careful consideration due to radiation hazard, which is why interest in low dose CT has increased recently in acute appendicitis. Previous studies have been performed in adult and adolescents populations, but no studies have reported on the efficacy of using low-dose CT in children younger than 10 years. METHODS: Patients (n=475) younger than 10 years who were examined for acute appendicitis were recruited...
April 23, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442835/how-much-reliable-is-alvarado-scoring-system-in-reducing-negative-appendectomy
#10
Mehmet Tahsin Tekeli, Enver Ilhan, Orhan Ureyen, Abdullah Senlikci, Eyup Yeldan, Mucteba Ozturk, Mehmet Akif Ustuner, Ugur Gokcelli, Emrah Dadali, Fevzi Cengiz, Savas Yakan
There is still an ongoing debate, especially regarding early diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Early surgery leads to inadequate evaluation of acute abdominal pain and negative appendectomy, whereas delayed surgery leads to appendicitis perforation complications. The diagnosis of this condition is considerably difficult, especially due to subtle early symptoms and clinical condition. The aim of the present study was to identify whether the Alvarado scoring system could reduce the incidence of negative appendectomy in patients who will undergo surgery for acute appendicitis...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432931/acute-appendicitis-presenting-as-an-abdominal-wall-abscess-a-case-report
#11
Khalid Ahmed, Suhail Hakim, Ahmed M Suliman, Ammar Aleter, Ayman El-Menyar, Sheriff Abdulazeim Mustafa, Ahmad Zarour, Hassan Al-Thani
INTRODUCTION: Amyand hernia (AH) is a rare type of hernia characterized by the presence of appendix vermiformis in the inguinal hernial sac. It is rarely reported in women. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We presented a case of a 60- year old woman who was admitted initially with an abdominal wall abscess and found to have perforated appendix in the right inguinal hernia. The patient underwent standard open appendectomy and the post-operative course was uneventful. DISCUSSION: The initial presentation of our case as an abdominal wall abscess is rare in the contemporary literature...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429952/rare-cases-imitating-acute-appendicitis-three-case-reports-and-a-review-of-literature
#12
L Kunovsky, Z Kala, L Mitas, V Can, J Dolina, E Nemcová, L Klvacova, T Gajdosova, I Penka
Acute appendicitis with its characteristic clinical course is one of the most common diagnoses that require urgent surgery. The following three case reports present patients with symptoms typical of acute appendicitis which was, however, not confirmed intraoperatively. Preoperative CT or MRI were not requested because symptoms clearly indicated acute appendicitis. The first case describes a male patient with right-sided diverticulitis, the second case report involves a pregnant woman in 33rd week of gestation with right adnexal torsion due to a dermoid cyst, and in the last report, a case of spontaneous perforation of appendiceal mucinous neoplasm is presented...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424822/rapid-non-contrast-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-post-appendectomy-intra-abdominal-abscess-in-children
#13
Megan H Lee, Eric P Eutsler, Elizabeth F Sheybani, Geetika Khanna
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis, especially if perforated at presentation, is often complicated by postoperative abscess formation. The detection of a postoperative abscess relies primarily on imaging. This has traditionally been done with contrast-enhanced computed tomography. Non-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the potential to accurately detect intra-abdominal abscesses, especially with the use of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate our single-center experience with a rapid non-contrast MRI protocol evaluating post-appendectomy abscesses in children with persistent postsurgical symptoms...
April 20, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424136/the-role-of-doctors-and-patients-in-appendicitis-perforation
#14
Alaattin Öztürk, Mevlit Korkmaz, Talha Atalay, Yüksel Karaköse, Ömer Faruk Akinci, Mikdat Bozer
In this study, we aimed to determine factors that cause appendix perforations and to identify the role of physicians and patients in contributing to the cause of these perforations. This study was conducted between April 2010 and May 2015 and included 64 patients with perforated appendicitis. Patients' medical records were examined for factors that might have contributed to perforation, and the roles of patients and physicians in perforation appendicitis were evaluated. The perforation rate of patients with appendicitis was 16...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421971/-posttraumatic-appendicitis
#15
S Klis, T L Trang, M F Lutke Holzik
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic appendicitis is an appendicitis that develops as a consequence of abdominal trauma. Trauma is a relatively rare cause of appendicitis which is nowadays rarely mentioned in surgical textbooks. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe the case of a 12-year-old girl who presented to the emergency department six days after abdominal trauma caused by a fall from an electrical bicycle, complaining of fever and abdominal pain. Her symptoms were caused by a perforated appendicitis...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421569/two-step-procedure-for-complicated-appendicitis-with-perityphlitic-abscess-formation
#16
Almir Miftaroski, Ulf Kessler, Etienne Monnard, Bernhard Egger
PRINCIPLES: Optimal management of perforated appendicitis with perityphlitic phlegmon or abscess formation is controversial. The aim of the study was to assess the outcome after a two-step procedure to treat patients with perityphlitic abscess formation. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed prospectively collected data from a single-centre database that included adult patients who had appendicitis and perityphlitic abscess (>=3 cm) but no generalised peritonitis, and were treated in 2007-2015...
April 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414702/minimally-invasive-treatment-for-appendiceal-mass-formed-after-acute-perforated-appendicitis
#17
Enver Zerem, Suad Kunosić, Almin Handanagić, Dženan Jahić, Dina Zerem, Omar Zerem
The optimal treatment for appendiceal mass formed after appendiceal rupture due to acute appendicitis is surrounded with controversy. The treatment strategy ranges from open surgery (emergency or interval appendectomy), laparoscopic appendectomy, and image-guided drainage, to conservative treatment with or without antibiotics. Nonsurgical treatment (including conservative and drainage treatment), followed by interval appendectomy to prevent recurrence, is the traditional management of these patients. The need for interval appendectomy after a successful conservative or/and image-guided drainage treatment, has recently been questioned as the risk of recurrence is relatively small...
April 14, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411350/acute-appendicitis-somatosensory-disturbances-head-zones-and-the-differential-diagnosis-of-anterior-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-acnes
#18
Rudi M H Roumen, Wouter Vening, Rosanne Wouda, Marc M Scheltinga
BACKGROUND: Anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome (ACNES) is a neuropathic abdominal wall pain syndrome typically characterized by locally altered skin sensations. On the other hand, visceral disease may also be associated with similar painful and altered skin sensations ("Head zones"). Aim of the study was to determine if patients with acute appendicitis demonstrated somatosensory disturbances in the corresponding right lower quadrant Head zone. METHODS: The presence of somatosensory disturbances such as hyperalgesia, hypoesthesia, altered cool perception, or positive pinch test was determined in 100 patients before and after an appendectomy...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406778/appendicular-diverticulosis-with-appendicitis
#19
Syed Muhammad Hammad Alam
Appendicular diverticulosis is one of the very rare diseases which is also difficult to diagnose, especially clinically, due to its silent course and non-specific symptoms. It comes under the notation usually due to its complications like diverticulitis or perforation, but sometimes it also presents with acute appendicitis. This report describes a 44-year male patient who presented with the complain of right iliac fossa pain and was clinically diagnosed as acute appendicitis; but intraoperatively, it was found that the appendix also had diverticulosis along with appendicitis...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376256/the-outcome-of-an-early-discharge-protocol-after-appendectomy-in-children-with-acute-appendicitis
#20
Takahiro Jimbo, Kouji Masumoto, Hajime Takayasu, Toko Shinkai, Yasuhisa Urita, Toru Uesugi, Chikashi Gotoh, Kentaro Ono, Takato Sasaki
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcome of our early discharge protocol for children with acute appendicitis. METHODS: We established a new early discharge protocol for appendicitis. Our protocol consists of both postoperative early feeding and reduced-port laparoscopic surgery which is aimed at reducing surgical stress. The outcome was studied in patients with acute appendicitis who treated at our institution from 2012 to 2013. RESULTS: Thirty-six acute appendicitis patients (mean age 10...
April 4, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
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