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Perforated appendicitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432931/acute-appendicitis-presenting-as-an-abdominal-wall-abscess-a-case-report
#1
Khalid Ahmed, Suhail Hakim, Ahmed M Suliman, Ammar Aleter, Ayman El-Menyar, Sheriff Abdulazeim Mustafa, Ahmad Zarour, Hassan Al-Thani
INTRODUCTION: Amyand hernia (AH) is a rare type of hernia characterized by the presence of appendix vermiformis in the inguinal hernial sac. It is rarely reported in women. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We presented a case of a 60- year old woman who was admitted initially with an abdominal wall abscess and found to have perforated appendix in the right inguinal hernia. The patient underwent standard open appendectomy and the post-operative course was uneventful. DISCUSSION: The initial presentation of our case as an abdominal wall abscess is rare in the contemporary literature...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429952/rare-cases-imitating-acute-appendicitis-three-case-reports-and-a-review-of-literature
#2
L Kunovsky, Z Kala, L Mitas, V Can, J Dolina, E Nemcová, L Klvacova, T Gajdosova, I Penka
Acute appendicitis with its characteristic clinical course is one of the most common diagnoses that require urgent surgery. The following three case reports present patients with symptoms typical of acute appendicitis which was, however, not confirmed intraoperatively. Preoperative CT or MRI were not requested because symptoms clearly indicated acute appendicitis. The first case describes a male patient with right-sided diverticulitis, the second case report involves a pregnant woman in 33rd week of gestation with right adnexal torsion due to a dermoid cyst, and in the last report, a case of spontaneous perforation of appendiceal mucinous neoplasm is presented...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424822/rapid-non-contrast-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-post-appendectomy-intra-abdominal-abscess-in-children
#3
Megan H Lee, Eric P Eutsler, Elizabeth F Sheybani, Geetika Khanna
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis, especially if perforated at presentation, is often complicated by postoperative abscess formation. The detection of a postoperative abscess relies primarily on imaging. This has traditionally been done with contrast-enhanced computed tomography. Non-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the potential to accurately detect intra-abdominal abscesses, especially with the use of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate our single-center experience with a rapid non-contrast MRI protocol evaluating post-appendectomy abscesses in children with persistent postsurgical symptoms...
April 20, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424136/the-role-of-doctors-and-patients-in-appendicitis-perforation
#4
Alaattin Öztürk, Mevlit Korkmaz, Talha Atalay, Yüksel Karaköse, Ömer Faruk Akinci, Mikdat Bozer
In this study, we aimed to determine factors that cause appendix perforations and to identify the role of physicians and patients in contributing to the cause of these perforations. This study was conducted between April 2010 and May 2015 and included 64 patients with perforated appendicitis. Patients' medical records were examined for factors that might have contributed to perforation, and the roles of patients and physicians in perforation appendicitis were evaluated. The perforation rate of patients with appendicitis was 16...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421971/-posttraumatic-appendicitis
#5
S Klis, T L Trang, M F Lutke Holzik
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic appendicitis is an appendicitis that develops as a consequence of abdominal trauma. Trauma is a relatively rare cause of appendicitis which is nowadays rarely mentioned in surgical textbooks. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe the case of a 12-year-old girl who presented to the emergency department six days after abdominal trauma caused by a fall from an electrical bicycle, complaining of fever and abdominal pain. Her symptoms were caused by a perforated appendicitis...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421569/two-step-procedure-for-complicated-appendicitis-with-perityphlitic-abscess-formation
#6
Almir Miftaroski, Ulf Kessler, Etienne Monnard, Bernhard Egger
PRINCIPLES: Optimal management of perforated appendicitis with perityphlitic phlegmon or abscess formation is controversial. The aim of the study was to assess the outcome after a two-step procedure to treat patients with perityphlitic abscess formation. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed prospectively collected data from a single-centre database that included adult patients who had appendicitis and perityphlitic abscess (>=3 cm) but no generalised peritonitis, and were treated in 2007-2015...
April 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414702/minimally-invasive-treatment-for-appendiceal-mass-formed-after-acute-perforated-appendicitis
#7
Enver Zerem, Suad Kunosić, Almin Handanagić, Dženan Jahić, Dina Zerem, Omar Zerem
The optimal treatment for appendiceal mass formed after appendiceal rupture due to acute appendicitis is surrounded with controversy. The treatment strategy ranges from open surgery (emergency or interval appendectomy), laparoscopic appendectomy, and image-guided drainage, to conservative treatment with or without antibiotics. Nonsurgical treatment (including conservative and drainage treatment), followed by interval appendectomy to prevent recurrence, is the traditional management of these patients. The need for interval appendectomy after a successful conservative or/and image-guided drainage treatment, has recently been questioned as the risk of recurrence is relatively small...
April 14, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411350/acute-appendicitis-somatosensory-disturbances-head-zones-and-the-differential-diagnosis-of-anterior-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-acnes
#8
Rudi M H Roumen, Wouter Vening, Rosanne Wouda, Marc M Scheltinga
BACKGROUND: Anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome (ACNES) is a neuropathic abdominal wall pain syndrome typically characterized by locally altered skin sensations. On the other hand, visceral disease may also be associated with similar painful and altered skin sensations ("Head zones"). Aim of the study was to determine if patients with acute appendicitis demonstrated somatosensory disturbances in the corresponding right lower quadrant Head zone. METHODS: The presence of somatosensory disturbances such as hyperalgesia, hypoesthesia, altered cool perception, or positive pinch test was determined in 100 patients before and after an appendectomy...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406778/appendicular-diverticulosis-with-appendicitis
#9
Syed Muhammad Hammad Alam
Appendicular diverticulosis is one of the very rare diseases which is also difficult to diagnose, especially clinically, due to its silent course and non-specific symptoms. It comes under the notation usually due to its complications like diverticulitis or perforation, but sometimes it also presents with acute appendicitis. This report describes a 44-year male patient who presented with the complain of right iliac fossa pain and was clinically diagnosed as acute appendicitis; but intraoperatively, it was found that the appendix also had diverticulosis along with appendicitis...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376256/the-outcome-of-an-early-discharge-protocol-after-appendectomy-in-children-with-acute-appendicitis
#10
Takahiro Jimbo, Kouji Masumoto, Hajime Takayasu, Toko Shinkai, Yasuhisa Urita, Toru Uesugi, Chikashi Gotoh, Kentaro Ono, Takato Sasaki
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcome of our early discharge protocol for children with acute appendicitis. METHODS: We established a new early discharge protocol for appendicitis. Our protocol consists of both postoperative early feeding and reduced-port laparoscopic surgery which is aimed at reducing surgical stress. The outcome was studied in patients with acute appendicitis who treated at our institution from 2012 to 2013. RESULTS: Thirty-six acute appendicitis patients (mean age 10...
April 4, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346288/day-surgery-for-acute-appendicitis-in-adults-a-prospective-series-of-102-patients
#11
Christian Hobeika, Thevy Hor, Nathalie Chereau, Anais Laforest, Radu Bachmann, Isabelle Sourouille, Najim Chafai, Yann Parc, Marc Beaussier, Jérémie H Lefèvre
AIM: To report the results of a consecutive series of day surgery appendectomy (DSA) for acute appendicitis. METHODS: Selection criteria for DSA were as follows: body mass index<28 kg/m, white cell count <15,000/mL, C-reactive protein<30 mg/L, no radiological signs of perforation, and appendix diameter ≤10 mm. All patients with radiologically proven appendicitis and 4 or 5 criteria were proposed for DSA and prospectively included. RESULTS: A total of 102 patients (female=39...
March 24, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338596/operation-versus-antibiotics-the-appendicitis-conundrum-continues-a-meta-analysis
#12
Joseph V Sakran, Konstantinos S Mylonas, Alexandros Gryparis, Stanislaw P Stawicki, Christopher J Burns, Maher M Matar, Konstantinos P Economopoulos
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis continues to constitute a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. The aim of this study was to synthesize evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing nonoperative versus surgical management of uncomplicated acute appendicitis in adult patients. METHODS: A systematic literature search of the PubMed, Cochrane and Scopus databases was performed with respect to the PRISMA statement (end-of-search date: January 29, 2017). Data on the study design, interventions, participants, and outcomes were extracted by two independent reviewers...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306630/nonoperative-management-of-appendicitis-in-children
#13
Joseph J López, Katherine J Deans, Peter C Minneci
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to summarize the recent literature investigating nonoperative management of uncomplicated and complicated appendicitis and highlight recent data establishing its safety and efficacy. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies and clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of nonoperative treatment of both uncomplicated and complicated appendicitis, defined as perforated appendicitis with or without formed abscess or phlegmon...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302241/neonatal-appendicitis-as-a-rare-cause-of-intestinal-perforation-in-a-preterm-neonate
#14
Seda Yilmaz Semerci, Dilek Kurnaz, Aslan Babayigit, Burcu Cebeci, Gokhan Buyukkale, Merih Cetinkaya, Unal Guvenc, Ozge Kucur
Intestinal perforation or inflammation due to appendicitis is rarely encountered in the neonatal period. The diagnosis may be delayed due to the lack of specific clinical symptoms and its rarity in this patient population. Early surgical treatment is the main treatment strategy with a good prognosis. However, delayed diagnosis may result in complications and even death. Herein, we describe a late preterm female neonate without any risk factors who had a diagnosis of perforated appendicitis at postnatal day 5...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288060/the-global-incidence-of-appendicitis-a-systematic-review-of-population-based-studies
#15
Mollie Ferris, Samuel Quan, Belle S Kaplan, Natalie Molodecky, Chad G Ball, Greg W Chernoff, Nij Bhala, Subrata Ghosh, Elijah Dixon, Siew Ng, Gilaad G Kaplan
OBJECTIVE: We compared the incidence of appendicitis or appendectomy across the world and evaluated temporal trends. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Population-based studies reported the incidence of appendicitis. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE databases for population-based studies reporting the incidence of appendicitis or appendectomy. Time trends were explored using Poisson regression and reported as annual percent change (APC) with 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
March 10, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286544/acute-appendicitis-inflammatory-appendiceal-mass-and-the-risk-of-a-hidden-malignant-tumor-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Frederico José Ribeiro Teixeira, Sérgio Dias do Couto Netto, Eduardo Hiroshi Akaishi, Edivaldo Massazo Utiyama, Carlos Augusto Metidieri Menegozzo, Marcelo Cristiano Rocha
INTRODUCTION: Acute appendicitis is significantly common. Despite the increased use of computed tomography, the number of perforated cases has been stable in the past three decades. Between 2% and 6% of patients with acute appendicitis present appendiceal mass, often described as inflammatory phlegmon or abscess. Malignant tumors are confirmed by pathological analysis in 0.9-1.4% of all appendectomies performed to treat acute appendicitis. However, recent series demonstrate an elevated incidence of malignancies, ranging from 5...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279749/how-to-diagnose-an-acutely-inflamed-appendix-a-systematic-review-of-the-latest-evidence
#17
REVIEW
S A Kabir, S I Kabir, R Sun, Sadaf Jafferbhoy, Ahmed Karim
Acute appendicitis is the most common condition that presents with an acute abdomen needing emergency surgery. Despite this common presentation, correctly diagnosing appendicitis remains a challenge as clinical signs or positive blood results can be absent in 55% of the patients. The reported proportion of missed diagnoses of appendicitis ranges between 20% and 40%. A delay or mis-diagnosis of appendicitis can result in severe complications such as perforation, abscess formation, sepsis, and intra-abdominal adhesions...
April 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271679/the-diagnostic-value-of-scube1-in-acute-appendicitis
#18
E Sonmez, A Dursun, B Gulen, H Metin, O F Ozer
BACKGROUND: SCUBE1 has recently been studied as a diagnostic biomarker for acute coronary syndrome, ischemic stroke, and acute mesenteric ischemia. The aim of this study is to evaluate the value of SCUBE1 and routine parameters used in patients diagnosed with acute appendicitis. METHODS: Of the 150 patients admitted to the emergency department whose initial diagnosis were acute appendicitis (AA), 103 patients were excluded from the study for various reasons. Forty-seven patients with a definitive diagnose of AA and 43 volunteers were enrolled in the study...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267663/appendiceal-diverticulitis-a-rare-relevant-pathology-presentation-of-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Maria Leonarda Altieri, Guglielmo Niccolò Piozzi, Pierluigi Salvatori, Maurizio Mirra, Gaetano Piccolo, Natale Olivari
INTRODUCTION: Appendiceal diverticulitis is a rare pathology that mimics acute appendicitis. Appendiceal diverticula are classified into congenital and acquired with difference in incidence and pathogenesis. Appendiceal diverticulitis is often overlooked because of mildness of symptomatology with increasing risk of complications, such as perforation. Appendiceal diverticula are often associated to higher risk of neoplasm especially carcinoid tumors and mucinous adenomas. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 40-year-old caucasic male presented into Emergency Room with right lower quadrant pain associated with vomit, abdominal tenderness, fever and moderate leukocytosis (11...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262593/de-garengeot-hernia-with-perforated-appendicitis-and-a-groin-subcutaneous-abscess-a-case-report
#20
Hiroaki Mashima, Masataka Banshodani, Masahiro Nishihara, Junko Nambu, Yasuo Kawaguchi, Fumio Shimamoto, Kiyohiko Dohi, Keizo Sugino, Hideki Ohdan
INTRODUCTION: De Garengeot hernia is rare. Although previous reports have suggested various surgical options according to patient condition, comorbidities, surgeon preference, and clinical findings during surgery, a treatment strategy has not been established. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 81-year-old woman presented with an irreducible tender mass that was subsequently diagnosed as an incarcerated femoral hernia with a subcutaneous abscess in the right groin. Intraoperative findings revealed a necrotic and perforated appendix strangulated by the femoral ring for which an appendectomy and herniorrhaphy was performed concurrently through the hernia sac...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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