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Perforated appendicitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751786/meconium-peritonitis-due-to-fetal-appendiceal-perforation-two-case-reports-and-a-brief-review-of-the-literature
#1
Yi Wang, Yeming Wu, Wenbin Guan, Wenbo Yan, Yuhua Li, Jin Fang, Jun Wang
BACKGROUND: Meconium peritonitis is an infrequent congenital disease usually caused by perforation of the fetal digestive tract. Meconium peritonitis resulting from intrauterine appendiceal perforation has been rarely reported and is often overlooked during pregnancy. We herein report two cases of fetal appendiceal perforation. CASE PRESENTATION: Two neonates were found to have intestinal distension and gradually increasing ascites antenatally. After birth, diagnostic abdominal punctures revealed meconium peritonitis...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750708/endometrioid-adenocarcinoma-with-solitary-metastasis-to-the-appendix-mimicking-primary-appendiceal-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Qiujie Ma, Jianshe Wu
Metastatic tumors of the appendix are rare. Endometrial cancer tends to metastasize by directly invading neighboring structures; the lung, liver, bones, and brain are common sites of distant metastasis. Herein, we present a case of a solitary endometrial metastatic tumor in the appendiceal mucosa without serosal involvement that mimicked a primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix. The patient who had undergone a radical hysterectomy for an endometrioid adenocarcinoma 3 years earlier presented to the hospital with a history of persistent right-lower abdominal pain...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744045/a-case-report-on-recurrent-appendicitis-an-often-forgotten-and-atypical-cause-of-recurrent-abdominal-pain
#3
Mesfin Demeke Mengesha, Gebreyohans Gebru Teklu
Introduction: Recurrent appendicitis is a disease process, distinct from acute appendicitis, which occurs with an approximate incidence of 10%. This clinical entity can pose diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma for clinicians resulting in delayed diagnosis and severe complications. Presentation of case: Herein, we described a case of recurrent appendicitis with a history of 18 years of right lower quadrant (RLQ) abdominal pain with very mild tenderness that we encountered in our hospital in January 2016, which has been misjudged as other abdominal conditions and got complete relief after appendectomy...
April 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741752/abdominal-drainage-to-prevent-intra-peritoneal-abscess-after-open-appendectomy-for-complicated-appendicitis
#4
REVIEW
Zhe Li, Longshuan Zhao, Yao Cheng, Nansheng Cheng, Yilei Deng
BACKGROUND: Appendectomy, the surgical removal of the appendix, is performed primarily for acute appendicitis. Patients who undergo appendectomy for complicated appendicitis, defined as gangrenous or perforated appendicitis, are more likely to suffer from postoperative complications. The routine use of abdominal drainage to reduce postoperative complications after appendectomy for complicated appendicitis is controversial.This is an update of the review first published in 2015. OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of abdominal drainage to prevent intra-peritoneal abscess after open appendectomy for complicated appendicitis...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730945/-diverticulosis-and-diverticulitis-of-the-vermiform-appendix-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Tamás Vass, Attila Zaránd, Dániel Horányi, László Harsányi
Diverticulitis of the vermiform appendix is a rare disease with clinical features often similar to conventional acute appendicitis. The importance of appendiceal diverticulosis is the fact that it can lead to an early and a higher incidence of perforation and therefore a higher mortality rate, in contrast to acute appendicitis alone. In this study we present the clinicopathology, diagnosis and therapy of the disease with a review of the literature. A 65-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with a 48-hour history of intermittent pain in the right iliac fossa...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720238/two-versus-five-days-of-antibiotics-after-appendectomy-for-complex-acute-appendicitis-appic-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Anne Loes van den Boom, Elisabeth M L de Wijkerslooth, Joost van Rosmalen, Frédérique H Beverdam, Evert-Jan G Boerma, Marja A Boermeester, Joanna W A M Bosmans, Thijs A Burghgraef, Esther C J Consten, Imro Dawson, Jan Willem T Dekker, Marloes Emous, Anna A W van Geloven, Peter M N Y H Go, Luc A Heijnen, Sander A Huisman, Dayanara Jean Pierre, Joske de Jonge, Jurian H Kloeze, Marc A Koopmanschap, Hester R Langeveld, Misha D P Luyer, Damian C Melles, Johan W Mouton, Augustinus P T van der Ploeg, Floris B Poelmann, Jeroen E H Ponten, Charles C van Rossem, Wilhelmina H Schreurs, Joël Shapiro, Pascal Steenvoorde, Boudewijn R Toorenvliet, Joost Verhelst, Hendt P Versteegh, Rene M H Wijnen, Bas P L Wijnhoven
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis is one of the most common indications for emergency surgery. In patients with a complex appendicitis, prolonged antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended after appendectomy. There is no consensus regarding the optimum duration of antibiotics. Guidelines propose 3 to 7 days of treatment, but shorter courses may be as effective in the prevention of infectious complications. At the same time, the global issue of increasing antimicrobial resistance urges for optimization of antibiotic strategies...
May 2, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707608/intestinal-perforation-after-surgical-treatment-for-incisional-hernia-iatrogenic-or-idiopathic
#7
V Amorosi, B Longo, M Sorotos, G Firmani, F D'Angelo, F Santanelli di Pompeo
Intestinal perforation (IP) is a life-threatening gastroenterological condition requiring urgent surgical care, which may present itself as an uncommon complication following incisional hernia repair surgery, most often because of iatrogenic traumatism occurring during the procedure. However, we report a case where a spontaneous onset can be hypothesised. A 60-years-old patient underwent repair of an abdominal laparocele, through rectus abdominis muscle plasty, 5 years after development of an incisional hernia due to exploratory laparotomy for the treatment of acute appendicitis...
2018: Case Reports in Plastic Surgery & Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702463/amyand-s-hernia-complicated-with-appendix-perforation-treated-by-two-stage-surgery-consisting-of-laparoscopic-appendectomy-followed-by-elective-inguinal-hernioplasty-a-case-report
#8
Ryujiro Akaishi, Ryuichi Nishimura, Kiminari Naoshima, Shukichi Miyazaki
INTRODUCTION: An inguinal hernia with an incarcerated appendix is defined as Amyand's hernia, and it is relatively rare. Amyand's hernia complicated with appendicitis, especially perforated appendicitis, is even rarer. Postoperative surgical site infection (SSI) is a dangerous complication, especially in Amyand's hernia with appendix perforation. The selection of an appropriate surgical approach is necessary to prevent postoperative SSI. Here, we report a case of Amyand's hernia complicated with appendix perforation that was successfully managed using a two-stage surgical approach consisting of laparoscopic appendectomy followed by elective inguinal hernioplasty...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689521/ingested-foreign-body-mimicking-acute-appendicitis
#9
Jeremy M Reeves, Michael D Wade, John Edwards
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of acute appendicitis is approximately 250,000 cases per year in the United States with a lifetime risk of 7% (Gupta & Dupuy, 1997). However, despite strongly associated clinical signs, diagnostic accuracy based on history and physical exam alone is only 70% (Jess et al., 1981). This is in large part due to the multitude of mimics found in the differential diagnosis of appendicitis. As a result highly sensitive imaging such as computed tomography scan has become standard of care...
April 9, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687560/mesenteric-location-of-a-perforated-meckel-s-diverticulum-in-an-elderly-patient-with-acute-appendicitis-a-case-report
#10
Bernard Piotuch, Jerzy Lubikowski, Krzysztof Szymanik, Maciej Wójcicki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680415/home-antibiotics-at-discharge-for-pediatric-complicated-appendicitis-friend-or-foe
#11
Kathryn Tinsley Anderson, Marisa A Bartz-Kurycki, Akemi L Kawaguchi, Mary T Austin, Galit Holzmann-Pazgal, Lillian S Kao, Kevin P Lally, Kuojen Tsao
BACKGROUND: The role of home discharge antibiotics in children after perforated appendicitis is unclear. This study evaluates the outcomes of complicated appendicitis patients being discharged with or without home antibiotics after initial surgery and in-patient treatment. STUDY DESIGN: The 2015 and 2016 National Surgical Quality Improvement-Pediatric (NSQIP-P) database was queried for patients <18 years of age with complicated appendicitis. Home antibiotics (HA) were prescribed or not (No Home Antibiotics- NHA)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664657/enterobius-vermicularis-a-cause-of-abdominal-pain-mimicking-acute-appendicitis-in-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Mohamed Zouari, Hamid Louati, Imen Abid, Fatma Trabelsi, Mahdi Ben Dhaou, Mohamed Jallouli, Riadh Mhiri
BACKGROUND: Enterobius vermicularis (EV) is the most common helminthic infection in the world. This small parasite is predominant in the pediatric population. The presence of EV in the appendix can cause or mimick appendicitis. The aim of our study was to compare patients with EV infection and those without EV infection, and to identify predictive factors that may help the diagnosis of EV infection in patients presenting with right iliac fossa pain and avoid negative appendectomy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all the appendices removed between January 2012 and December 2016 was conducted at the department of pediatric surgery, Hedi Chaker Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia...
February 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663311/interobserver-variability-in-the-classification-of-appendicitis-during-laparoscopy
#13
A L van den Boom, E M L de Wijkerslooth, K A L Mauff, I Dawson, C C van Rossem, B R Toorenvliet, B P L Wijnhoven
BACKGROUND: The intraoperative classification of appendicitis dictates the patient's postoperative management. Prolonged antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended for complex appendicitis (gangrenous, perforated, abscess), whereas preoperative prophylaxis suffices for simple appendicitis. Distinguishing these two conditions can be challenging. The aim of this study was to assess interobserver variability in the classification of appendicitis during laparoscopy. METHODS: Short video recordings taken during laparoscopy for suspected appendicitis were shown to surgeons and surgical residents...
April 16, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655492/isolated-acute-appendicitis-caused-by-aspergillus-in-a-patient-who-underwent-lung-transplantation-a-case-report
#14
H S Kim, H J Yeo, D H Shin, W H Cho, D Kim
Invasive aspergillosis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients who have undergone lung transplantation. Aspergillus infections usually involve the respiratory tract, with vascular invasion and subsequent dissemination. However, acute appendicitis associated with localized aspergillosis is rare, especially among patients who have undergone prophylaxis with voriconazole. We present a case of primary Aspergillus appendicitis diagnosed by histologic examination in a patient who underwent lung transplantation...
April 11, 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629887/the-correlation-between-laboratory-markers-and-computed-tomography-severity-index-in-acute-appendicitis
#15
Yeliz Akturk, Serra Ozbal Gunes, Baki Hekimoglu
A M: This study aimed to evaluate and to investigate the association of some laboratory markers with the stage of the acute appendicitis. MATER AL AND METHODS: The hematological parameters (white blood cell count, red cell distribution width, platellet distribution width, mean corpuscular volume, and mean platelet volume values) and tomography scans of 200 patients who admitted to the emergency department with abdominal pain were retrospectively reviewed. Computed tomography grading about the severity of the cases was carried out by two radiologists, as grade 0 for normal appendix to grade 3 for perforated appencities...
2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628008/abdominal-drainage-after-laparoscopic-appendectomy-in-children-an-endless-controversy
#16
B Aneiros Castro, I Cano, A García, P Yuste, E Ferrero, A Gómez
BACKGROUND: Routine prophylactic abdominal drains after laparoscopic appendectomy for perforated appendicitis in children are still controversial. Throughout the history of surgery, potential benefits of the abdominal drains have been described. However, in recent studies, no benefits were observed and serious complications have been reported. METHODS: From January 2000 to December 2013, all charts of the pediatric patients who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy in our tertiary center were revised...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605268/improving-the-value-of-care-for-appendectomy-through-an-individual-surgeon-specific-approach
#17
Jamie R Robinson, Nicholas H Carter, Corinne Gibson, Adam S Brinkman, Kyle Van Arendonk, Karen E Speck, Melissa E Danko, Gretchen P Jackson, Harold N Lovvorn, Martin L Blakely
PURPOSE: Standardized care via a unified surgeon preference card for pediatric appendectomy can result in significant cost reduction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of cost and outcome feedback to surgeons on value of care in an environment reluctant to adopt a standardized surgeon preference card. METHODS: Prospective observational study comparing operating room (OR) supply costs and patient outcomes for appendectomy in children with 6-month observation periods both before and after intervention...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595695/comamonas-kerstersii-bacteremia-in-a-patient-with-acute-perforated-appendicitis-a-rare-case-report
#18
Yun-Heng Zhou, Hong-Xia Ma, Zhao-Yang Dong, Mei-Hua Shen
RATIONALE: Comamonas species are rarely associated with human infections. Recent reports found that Comamonas kerstersii was associated with severe diseases such as abdominal infection and bacteremia. However, C. kerstersii maybe be confused with Comamonas testosteroni using the automatic bacterial identification systems currently available. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 31-year-old man who had onset of left upper abdominal pain developed clinical manifestations of right lower abdominal pain and classic migration of pain at the temperature of 39°C...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592991/de-garengeot-s-hernia-a-rare-presentation-of-the-wandering-appendix
#19
Saad Ikram, Ahmed Kaleem, Deepak Satyapal, Syed Muzaffar Ahmad
A hernia is defined as a protrusion of an organ or its fascia through a sac of its containing cavity. The presentation of an inflamed appendix inside an incarcerated femoral hernia is termed de Garengeot's hernia. Almost exclusively seen in the female patient, this type of hernia like all others can undergo strangulation leading to complications including appendicitis with or without perforation. Management as described in literature usually comprises open or laparoscopic approach, followed by appendectomy and repair of the femoral hernia with or without mesh...
March 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581687/efficacy-of-the-evaluation-of-inflammatory-markers-for-the-reduction-of-negative-appendectomy-rates
#20
Fatih Mehmet Yazar, Aykut Urfalioglu, Murat Bakacak, Ömer Faruk Boran, Ertan Bülbüloğlu
Unnecessary appendectomy can cause complications; ways of reducing negative appendectomy rates (NAR) using biochemical and imaging methods are desirable. We retrospectively examined 640 patients who underwent appendectomy for suspected AA. Patients with histologically confirmed appendicitis were designated the positive appendectomy group ( n  = 565), whereas those with unconfirmed appendicitis were designated the negative appendectomy group ( n  = 75). The positive appendectomy group was subdivided into the non-perforated ( n  = 511) and perforated ( n  = 54) appendectomy groups according to pathology reports...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
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