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tetracycline and long-term memory

Derek D Jones, Joel R Wilmore, David Allman
Despite their critical role in long-term immunity, the life span of individual memory B cells remains poorly defined. Using a tetracycline-regulated pulse-chase system, we measured population turnover rates and individual t1/2 of pre-established Ag-induced Ig class-switched and IgM-positive memory B cells over 402 d. Our results indicate that, once established, both IgG-positive and less frequent IgM-positive memory populations are exceptionally stable, with little evidence of attrition or cellular turnover...
November 15, 2015: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
S J B Fretham, E S Carlson, J Wobken, P V Tran, A Petryk, M K Georgieff
Iron is a necessary substrate for neuronal function throughout the lifespan, but particularly during development. Early life iron deficiency (ID) in humans (late gestation through 2-3 yr) results in persistent cognitive and behavioral abnormalities despite iron repletion. Animal models of early life ID generated using maternal dietary iron restriction also demonstrate persistent learning and memory deficits, suggesting a critical requirement for iron during hippocampal development. Precise definition of the temporal window for this requirement has been elusive due to anemia and total body and brain ID inherent to previous dietary restriction models...
August 2012: Hippocampus
Masanori Nomoto, Yohei Takeda, Shusaku Uchida, Koji Mitsuda, Hatsune Enomoto, Kaori Saito, Tesu Choi, Ayako M Watabe, Shizuka Kobayashi, Shoichi Masushige, Toshiya Manabe, Satoshi Kida
BACKGROUND: Retinoid signaling pathways mediated by retinoic acid receptor (RAR)/retinoid × receptor (RXR)-mediated transcription play critical roles in hippocampal synaptic plasticity. Furthermore, recent studies have shown that treatment with retinoic acid alleviates age-related deficits in hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) and memory performance and, furthermore, memory deficits in a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. However, the roles of the RAR/RXR signaling pathway in learning and memory at the behavioral level have still not been well characterized in the adult brain...
2012: Molecular Brain
Lindsay Wieczorek, James W Maas, Lisa M Muglia, Sherri K Vogt, Louis J Muglia
BACKGROUND: The Ca2+-stimulated adenylyl cyclases (ACs), AC1 and AC8, are key components of long-term memory processing. AC1 and AC8 double knockout mice (Adcy1(-/-)Adcy8(-/-); DKO) display impaired fear memory processing; the mechanism of this impairment is largely unknown. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We hypothesize that the Ca2+-stimulated ACs modulate long-lasting transcriptional changes essential for fear memory consolidation and maintenance. Here, we report a genome-wide study of gene expression changes associated with conditioned fear (CF) memory in wild-type and DKO mice to identify AC-dependent gene regulatory changes that occur in the amygdala and hippocampus at baseline and different time points after CF learning...
2010: PloS One
Mir Munir Ahmed Rahim, Pavel Chrobak, Chunyan Hu, Zaher Hanna, Paul Jolicoeur
CD4C/HIV(nef) transgenic (Tg) mice express Nef in CD4+ T cells and in the cells of the macrophage/monocyte/dendritic lineage, and they develop an AIDS-like disease similar to human AIDS. In these mice, Nef is constitutively expressed throughout life. To rule out the contribution of any developmental defects caused by early expression of Nef, we generated inducible human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Nef Tg mice by using the tetracycline-inducible system. Faithful expression of the Nef transgene was induced in (CD4C/rtTA x TRE/HIV(Nef)) or (CD4C/rtTA2S-M2 x TRE/HIV(Nef)) double-Tg mice upon doxycycline (DOX) treatment in drinking water...
November 2009: Journal of Virology
Julie Leignadier, Marie-Pierre Hardy, Marilyne Cloutier, Julie Rooney, Nathalie Labrecque
The factors controlling memory T (Tm)-cell longevity are still poorly defined, and their identification is pivotal to the design of a vaccine conferring long-term protection against infection. Tm cells have the ability to survive in the absence of the T-cell receptor (TCR)-MHC interaction. This does not exclude a possible role for TCR-intrinsic ligand-independent constitutive signaling in Tm-cell homeostasis. Using a unique TCR tetracycline-inducible expression system, we show that the ablation of TCR expression, which abrogates any possible signaling via the TCR, did not influence the survival and self-renewal of antigen-specific CD8(+) Tm cells even when they have to compete with endogenous T cells for survival factors...
December 23, 2008: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Tansu Celikel, Verena Marx, Florian Freudenberg, Aleksandar Zivkovic, Evgeny Resnik, Mazahir T Hasan, Pawel Licznerski, Pavel Osten, Andrej Rozov, Peter H Seeburg, Martin K Schwarz
Long Homer proteins forge assemblies of signaling components involved in glutamate receptor signaling in postsynaptic excitatory neurons, including those underlying synaptic transmission and plasticity. The short immediate-early gene (IEG) Homer1a can dynamically uncouple these physical associations by functional competition with long Homer isoforms. To examine the consequences of Homer1a-mediated "uncoupling" for synaptic plasticity and behavior, we generated forebrain-specific tetracycline (tet) controlled expression of Venus-tagged Homer1a (H1aV) in mice...
November 2007: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Hiroyuki Mizoguchi, Kazuhiro Takuma, Ayumi Fukakusa, Yukio Ito, Akiko Nakatani, Daisuke Ibi, Hyoung-Chun Kim, Kiyofumi Yamada
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive deficits are a core feature of patients with schizophrenia and methamphetamine (METH) psychosis. We have recently found that repeated METH treatment (1 mg/kg, s.c.) in mice, which induces behavioral sensitization, impairs long-term recognition memory in a novel object recognition test (NORT) and that the impairment is ameliorated by clozapine, but not haloperidol. Recent studies indicate that minocycline, a second-generation tetracycline, has potent neuroprotective effects in various animal models of neurological diseases...
February 2008: Psychopharmacology
Amy Chen, Isabel A Muzzio, Gaël Malleret, Dusan Bartsch, Miguel Verbitsky, Paul Pavlidis, Amanda L Yonan, Svetlana Vronskaya, Michael B Grody, Ivan Cepeda, T Conrad Gilliam, Eric R Kandel
To examine the role of C/EBP-related transcription factors in long-term synaptic plasticity and memory storage, we have used the tetracycline-regulated system and expressed in the forebrain of mice a broad dominant-negative inhibitor of C/EBP (EGFP-AZIP), which preferentially interacts with several inhibiting isoforms of C/EBP. EGFP-AZIP also reduces the expression of ATF4, a distant member of the C/EBP family of transcription factors that is homologous to the Aplysia memory suppressor gene ApCREB-2. Consistent with the removal of inhibitory constraints on transcription, we find an increase in the pattern of gene transcripts in the hippocampus of EGFP-AZIP transgenic mice and both a reversibly enhanced hippocampal-based spatial memory and LTP...
August 14, 2003: Neuron
Gaël Hédou, Isabelle M Mansuy
This article reviews technical and conceptual advances in unravelling the molecular bases of long-term potentiation (LTP), learning and memory using genetic approaches. We focus on studies aimed at testing a model suggesting that protein kinases and protein phosphatases balance each other to control synaptic strength and plasticity. We describe how gene 'knock-out' technology was initially exploited to disrupt the Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IIalpha (CaMKIIalpha) gene and how refined knock-in techniques later allowed an analysis of the role of distinct phosphorylation sites in CaMKII...
April 29, 2003: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Rafael Bejar, Rie Yasuda, Harmen Krugers, Kristin Hood, Mark Mayford
Genetic disruption of calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) function alters hippocampal synaptic plasticity and memory in mice. We used transgenic mice carrying a tetracycline-regulated, calcium-independent form of CaMKII (CaMKII-Asp286) to investigate the role of CaMKII activation on synaptic plasticity and behavior. Mice expressing low levels of a CaMKII-Asp286 transgene have facilitated low-frequency (5 Hz)-induced long-term potentiation (LTP), whereas mice with high levels of transgene expression have a deficit in this form of plasticity...
July 1, 2002: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
I M Mansuy, M Mayford, B Jacob, E R Kandel, M E Bach
To investigate the roles phosphatases play in hippocampal-dependent memory, we studied transgenic mice overexpressing a truncated form of calcineurin. These mice have normal short-term memory but defective long-term memory evident on both a spatial task and on a visual recognition task, providing genetic evidence for the role of the rodent hippocampus in spatial and nonspatial memory. The defect in long-term memory could be fully rescued by increasing the number of training trials, suggesting that the mice have the capacity for long-term memory...
January 9, 1998: Cell
M Mayford, M E Bach, Y Y Huang, L Wang, R D Hawkins, E R Kandel
One of the major limitations in the use of genetically modified mice for studying cognitive functions is the lack of regional and temporal control of gene function. To overcome these limitations, a forebrain-specific promoter was combined with the tetracycline transactivator system to achieve both regional and temporal control of transgene expression. Expression of an activated calcium-independent form of calcium-calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaMKII) resulted in a loss of hippocampal long-term potentiation in response to 10-hertz stimulation and a deficit in spatial memory, a form of explicit memory...
December 6, 1996: Science
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