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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533648/increased-f-fdg-uptake-in-bilateral-gynecomastia-secondary-to-feminizing-adrenal-tumor-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#1
Priyanka Verma, Gaurav Malhotra, Sneha Kothari, Rajlaxmi Jagtap, Ramesh V Asopa
A 21 year old male who presented with painful enlargement of both the breasts and a hyperestrogenic state, was found to harbor a heterogeneous mass arising from the right adrenal on contrast enhanced Computed Tomography abdomen. The mass was hypermetabolic with no regional, nodal or distant metastases on Fluorine-18 Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography /Computed Tomography examination. Notably, substantial tracer uptake was seen in bilateral gynecomastia. The patient underwent a right adrenalectomy with the histopathology report confirming adrenocortical carcinoma...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511205/-stability-and-change-of-medical-specialty-of-residents-over-four-years-of-postgraduate-training-in-germany
#2
Hendrik van den Bussche, Stine Ziegler, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer
Aim We analyzed medical residents' preferences in Germany with regard to the specialization fields after 4 years of postgraduate training and compared them to their preferences in the years before, e. g. at the end of undergraduate education in a gender comparative perspective, including the influence of parenthood. Methods The study is based on annual postal surveys of students of 7 medical faculties in Germany from their last year of medical school ("Practical Year") until after 4 years of postgraduate training...
May 16, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499525/consecutive-cyproterone-acetate-and-estradiol-treatment-in-late-pubertal-transgender-female-adolescents
#3
Lloyd J W Tack, Robin Heyse, Margarita Craen, Karlien Dhondt, Heidi Vanden Bossche, Jolien Laridaen, Martine Cools
BACKGROUND: Cyproterone acetate (CA) is an antiandrogenic progestin commonly used in adult transwomen to suppress endogenous androgens, often in combination with estrogens to induce feminization. AIM: To assess the (side) effects and biochemical changes of CA alone and in combination with estrogens in adolescent trans-girls. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of clinical and biochemical data from 27 trans-girls who presented at Tanner stage G4 and were treated with CA monotherapy for at least 6 months (mean = 12 months) and then in combination with incremental doses of estrogens (CA + E; mean = 16 months)...
May 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492057/dermatologic-care-of-the-transgender-patient
#4
EDITORIAL
B A Ginsberg
Given the complexities of the transitioning process, transgender individuals may face unique dermatologic needs in addition to routine care. Exogenous hormones affect hair and sebum production, gender-confirming surgeries often require dermatologic pre- and postoperative interventions, and postoperative anatomy may show unique presentations of routine skin conditions. Aesthetic techniques that are often used for rejuvenation may have a role in facial feminization and masculinization and unfortunately are too frequently performed by nonmedical personnel with negative consequences...
March 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488742/feminization-of-the-fat-distribution-pattern-of-children-and-adolescents-in-a-recent-german-population
#5
Christiane Scheffler, Melanie Dammhahn
OBJECTIVES: During the early 1990s, the economic and political situation in eastern Germany changed overnight. Here, we use the rare chance of an experiment-like setting in humans and aim to test whether the rapid change of environmental conditions in eastern Germany in the 1990s led to a change in the sex-specific fat distribution pattern, an endocrine-influenced phenotypic marker. METHODS: Based on a cross-sectional data set of 6- to 18-year-old girls and boys measured between 1982-1991 and 1997-2012, we calculated a skinfold ratio of triceps to subscapular and percentage of body fat...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482773/gender-bias-in-hospital-leadership-a-qualitative-study-on-the-experiences-of-women-ceos
#6
Sophie Soklaridis, Ayelet Kuper, Cynthia R Whitehead, Genevieve Ferguson, Valerie H Taylor, Catherine Zahn
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the experiences of gender bias among women hospital CEOs and explore to what these female leaders attribute their success within a male-dominated hospital executive leadership milieu. Design/methodology/approach This qualitative study involved 12 women hospital CEOs from across Ontario, Canada. Purposeful sampling techniques and in-depth qualitative interview methods were used to facilitate discussion around experiences of gender and leadership. Findings Responses fell into two groups: the first group represented the statement "Gender inequality is alive and well"...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468682/unto-the-third-generation-evidence-for-strong-familial-aggregation-of-physicians-psychologists-and-psychotherapists-among-first-year-medical-and-psychology-students-in-a-nationwide-austrian-cohort-census
#7
Ulrich S Tran, Nina Berger, Martin E Arendasy, Tobias Greitemeyer, Monika Himmelbauer, Florian Hutzler, Hans-Georg Kraft, Karl Oettl, Ilona Papousek, Oliver Vitouch, Martin Voracek
BACKGROUND: Medical students present higher numbers of physician relatives than expectable from the total population prevalence of physicians. Evidence for such a familial aggregation effect of physicians has emerged in investigations from the Anglo-American, Scandinavian, and German-speaking areas. In particular, past data from Austria suggest a familial aggregation of the medical, as well as of the psychological and psychotherapeutic, professions among medical and psychology undergraduates alike...
May 3, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468220/sinocutaneous-fistula-formation-after-forehead-recontouring-surgery-for-transgender-patients
#8
Kent Lam, Tang Ho, William C Yao
Forehead recontouring is a common part of facial feminization surgery. The procedure, which alters the shape and structure of the frontal bone, is regarded as safe and well tolerated by patients. The occurrence of delayed complications, however, is much less understood. The authors describe a patient involving the development of a sinocutaneous fistula as a delayed complication of forehead recontouring surgery. The clinical presentation and management of this patient are discussed. As facial feminization surgery expands as a cosmetic option for patients who desire more feminine facial features, practitioners should recognize the potential risk of sinonasal complications associated with forehead recontouring surgery...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468182/consistent-quality-of-life-outcome-measures-are-needed-for-facial-feminization-surgery
#9
Shane D Morrison, Christopher S Crowe, Stelios C Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450223/gper-activation-is-effective-in-protecting-against-inflammation-induced-nigral-dopaminergic-loss-and-motor-function-impairment
#10
Julieta Mendes-Oliveira, Filipa Lopes Campos, Rita Alexandra Videira, Graça Baltazar
Increasing evidence suggest that excessive inflammatory responses from overactivated microglia play a critical role in Parkinson's disease (PD), contributing to, or exacerbating, nigral dopaminergic (DA) degeneration. Recent results from our group and others demonstrated that selective activation of G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) with the agonist G1 can protect DA neurons from 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) and 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) neurotoxins. However, it is not known whether modulation of microglial responses is one of the mechanisms by which G1 exerts its DA neuroprotective effects...
April 24, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428799/a-novel-cytoplasmic-male-sterility-in-brassica-napus-inap-cms-with-carpelloid-stamens-via-protoplast-fusion-with-chinese-woad
#11
Lei Kang, Pengfei Li, Aifan Wang, Xianhong Ge, Zaiyun Li
A novel cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) in Brassica napus (inap CMS) was selected from the somatic hybrid with Isatis indigotica (Chinese woad) by recurrent backcrossing. The male sterility was caused by the conversion of tetradynamous stamens into carpelloid structures with stigmatoid tissues at their tips and ovule-like tissues in the margins, and the two shorter stamens into filaments without anthers. The feminized development of the stamens resulted in the complete lack of pollen grains, which was stable in different years and environments...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419738/academic-voice-on-feminism-presence-and-objectivity-in-writing
#12
Kim M Mitchell
Academic voice is an oft-discussed, yet variably defined concept, and confusion exists over its meaning, evaluation, and interpretation. This paper will explore perspectives on academic voice and counterarguments to the positivist origins of objectivity in academic writing. While many epistemological and methodological perspectives exist, the feminist literature on voice is explored here as the contrary position. From the feminist perspective, voice is a socially constructed concept that cannot be separated from the experiences, emotions, and identity of the writer and, thus, constitutes a reflection of an author's way of knowing...
April 16, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418714/more-than-a-physical-burden-women-s-mental-and-emotional-work-in-preventing-pregnancy
#13
Katrina Kimport
In the United States, responsibility for preventing pregnancy in heterosexual relationships disproportionately falls on women. While the biotechnological landscape of available methods may explain the assignment of the physical burden for contraception to women, this does not mean the concomitant time, attention, and stress that preventing pregnancy requires must also be primarily assumed by women. Building on work identifying health care providers as contributors to the construction of normative ideas about reproduction, this study analyzed 52 contraceptive counseling visits with women who reported they did not want future children for the construction of responsibility for the mental and emotional aspects of contraception...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405401/drosophila-enhancer-gal4-lines-show-ectopic-expression-during-development
#14
Sergio Casas-Tintó, Mercedes Arnés, Alberto Ferrús
In Drosophila melanogaster the most widely used technique to drive gene expression is the binary UAS/Gal4 system. We show here that a set of nervous system specific enhancers (elav, D42/Toll-6, OK6/RapGAP1) display ectopic activity in epithelial tissues during development, which is seldom considered in experimental studies. This ectopic activity is variable, unstable and influenced by the primary sequence of the enhancer and the insertion site in the chromosome. In addition, the ectopic activity is independent of the protein expressed, Gal4, as it is reproduced also with the expression of Gal80...
March 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402137/managing-meanings-of-embodied-experiences-theory-toward-a-discursive-understanding-of-becoming-healthier
#15
Kimberly Field-Springer, Katie Margavio Striley
We advance a new theoretical approach for interpreting health communication from an embodied, intersubjective perspective. We propose individuals experience the world as bodied beings and must make sense of their embodied experiences by managing meanings of who they are in the world (being), the actions they perform (doing), and who they want to become (directed becoming). We call this theory managing meanings of embodied experiences (MMEE). Guided by the philosophies of phenomenology, pragmatism, and feminism, we provide a three-fold framework for exploring individuals' management of health meanings during interactions with others in society...
April 12, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391318/mating-changes-sexually-dimorphic-gene-expression-in-the-seed-beetle-callosobruchus-maculatus
#16
Elina Immonen, Ahmed Sayadi, Helen Bayram, Göran Arnqvist
Sexually dimorphic phenotypes arise largely from sex-specific gene expression, which has mainly been characterized in sexually naïve adults. However, we expect sexual dimorphism in transcription to be dynamic and dependent on factors such as reproductive status. Mating induces many behavioral and physiological changes distinct to each sex and is therefore expected to activate regulatory changes in many sex-biased genes. Here, we first characterized sexual dimorphism in gene expression in Callosobruchus maculatus seed beetles...
March 1, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384793/ethnic-considerations-for-rhinoplasty-in-facial-feminization
#17
Daniel Y Cho, Jonathan P Massie, Shane D Morrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384783/ethnic-considerations-for-rhinoplasty-in-facial-feminization-reply
#18
Raúl J Bellinga, Luis Capitán, Daniel Simon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376481/use-of-hormone-replacement-in-females-with-endocrine-disorders
#19
Sophie Christin-Maitre
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is necessary in adolescents with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) in order to avoid estrogen deficiency. The goal of this minirewiew is to present the different types of estrogens (17β-estradiol, estradiol valerate, ethinyl estradiol, and combined equine estrogens) as well as the different types of progestins available. In order to choose among the different types of HRTs, the features of each regimen are being discussed as well as their risks and their respective benefits...
April 4, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375813/toward-a-gender-politics-of-aging
#20
Gemma M Carney
The article proposes a Gender Politics of Aging approach to the study of aging societies. The approach recognizes the feminization of old age, ageism's roots in sexist discourse, and the need to recognize the role of politics in driving demographic debates. Drawing together arguments from feminist gerontology and political demography, the article argues that the intersection of politics and gender must be considered if appropriate responses to an older, feminized demography are to be produced. I conclude that the work of aging feminists provides a rich vein of research and praxis from which a gender politics of aging approach can draw...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
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