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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100247/the-evolution-of-the-medical-workforce-in-cape-verde-since-independence-in-1975
#1
A P Delgado, A C Tolentino, P Ferrinho
BACKGROUND: Cape Verdean doctors have always graduated abroad. The first experience of pre-graduate medical education in Cape Verde begun in October 2015. Counting how many doctors Cape Verde has, knowing who they are, and knowing how they are distributed are very important to help fine-tune the medical training. The aim of this study is to analyze the evolution of the medical workforce in Cape Verde to support medical education implementation. METHODS: Secondary data on doctors, from July 1975 until December 2014, collected from the Ministry of Health, were entered into an SPSS 20 database and studied by a simple descriptive statistical analysis...
January 18, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090336/medical-feminism-working-mothers-and-the-limits-of-home-finding-a-balance-between-self-care-and-other-care-in-cross-cultural-debates-about-health-and-lifestyle-1952-1956
#2
Frederick Cooper
Post-war medical debates about the psychiatric consequences of married women's economic behaviour witnessed far more divergence and collision between perspectives than has often been acknowledged. Practitioners who approached women primarily as facilitators of family health-as wives and mothers-were mistrustful of the competing demands presented by paid employment. They were faced by a growing spectrum of opinion, however, which represented women as atrophying in the confines of domestic life, and which positioned work as a therapeutic act...
July 12, 2016: Palgrave Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088352/mutations-at-the-darkener-of-apricot-locus-modulate-pheromone-production-and-sex-behavior-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#3
Julien Fumey, Claude Wicker-Thomas
Mutations at the Darkener of Apricot (Doa) locus of Drosophila melanogaster alter sexual differentiation by disrupting sex-specific splicing of doublesex pre-mRNA, a key regulator of sex determination. Here, we study the effect of seven Doa alleles and several trans-heterozygous combinations on pheromones and courtship behavior. The cuticular hydrocarbon (CHC) profile was slightly masculinized in females, with an accumulation of shorter compounds (C23 and C25) and a reduction in longer compounds (C27 and C29)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078219/hormone-therapy-for-transgender-patients
#4
REVIEW
Cécile A Unger
Many transgender men and women seek hormone therapy as part of the transition process. Exogenous testosterone is used in transgender men to induce virilization and suppress feminizing characteristics. In transgender women, exogenous estrogen is used to help feminize patients, and anti-androgens are used as adjuncts to help suppress masculinizing features. Guidelines exist to help providers choose appropriate candidates for hormone therapy, and act as a framework for choosing treatment regimens and managing surveillance in these patients...
December 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077036/mass-media-narratives-of-women-s-cardiovascular-disease-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#5
Christine A Gonsalves, Kerry R McGannon, Robert J Schinke, Ann Pegoraro
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability among women world-wide. Narratives circulated by the media regarding women's identities and health constitute one source of meanings by which conceptualizations about risk, risk reduction, and disease prevention are formed and framed. An interpretive and integrative meta-synthesis of qualitative research was done to examine the representations of women's cardiovascular disease in traditional and user-generated Canadian and U.S. media narratives, and explore the implications of these for gendered identities and health promotion for women...
January 11, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064479/scaling-up-endocrine-disruption-effects-from-individuals-to-populations-outcomes-depend-on-how-many-males-a-population-needs
#6
J Wilson White, Bryan J Cole, Gary N Cherr, Richard Edward Connon, Susanne M Brander
Assessing how endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) affect population dynamics requires tracking males and females (and sex-reversed individuals) separately. A key component in any sex-specific model is the 'mating function' (the relationship between sex ratio and reproductive success) but this relationship is not known for any fish species. Using a model, we found that EDC effects on fish populations strongly depend upon the shape of the mating function. Additionally, masculinization is generally more detrimental to populations than feminization...
January 9, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043709/-facial-feminization-surgery%C3%A2-%C3%A2-middle-and-inferior-thirds
#7
F Boucher, A Gleizal, A Mojallal, J-T Bachelet
The authors present the surgical techniques of facial feminization of the middle third and the inferior third in the context of sexual reassignment surgery. These techniques adapted to patients 'male to female' are proposed to strong masculine facial features of patients and are based in the middle third of the remodeling of the malar region by fat grafting, reduction and/or deprojection techniques in rhinoseptoplasty and upper lip surgery. Concerning the inferior third, remodeling of the mandibular angles, genioplasty and chondrolaryngoplasty are adapted...
December 30, 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981168/the-experiences-and-perceptions-of-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer-during-pregnancy
#8
Sophie Rees, Annie Young
OBJECTIVE: Although much has been documented about the experience of breast cancer, the accounts of young women have been relatively neglected, despite that around 20% of the breast cancer diagnoses occur in women under the age of 50. In particular, the voices of young women diagnosed during pregnancy are missing from research. Breast cancer is the most common cancer associated with pregnancy, and it is diagnosed in about 1 in 3000 pregnancies. METHODS: This study presents data from three women drawn from a larger study of women who had been diagnosed under the age of 45 and had completed their treatment for breast cancer...
July 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978554/technical-and-clinical-considerations-for-facial-feminization-surgery-with-rhinoplasty-and-related-procedures
#9
Raúl J Bellinga, Luis Capitán, Daniel Simon, Thiago Tenório
Importance: Together with the forehead reconstruction, feminization of the nose is one of the most common procedures in facial feminization surgery. Rhinoplasty surgical techniques, which provide correct support and stability in the midterm to long term, are essential for obtaining a predictable result. Objective: To report on the technical and clinical considerations of rhinoplasty and related procedures to feminize the nose, harmonize the nose in relation to the other modified structures (mainly the forehead and maxillomandibular complex), and achieve an aesthetic result beyond gender differences...
December 15, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978546/rhinoplasty-as-a-significant-component-of-facial-feminization-and-beautification
#10
Jeffrey H Spiegel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964809/a-feminist-framework-for-nurses-on-boards
#11
Lisa J Sundean, E Carol Polifroni
Nurses' knowledge, skills, and expertise uniquely situate them to contribute to health care transformation as equal partners in organizational board governance. The Institute of Medicine, the 10,000 Nurses on Boards Coalition, and a growing number of nurse and health care scholars advocate nurse board leadership; however, nurses are rarely appointed as voting board members. When no room is made for nurses to take a seat at the table, the opportunity is lost to harness the power of nursing knowledge for health care transformation and social justice...
November 2016: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956485/ovarian-control-of-growth-and-sexual-size-dimorphism-in-a-male-larger-gecko
#12
Lukáš Kubička, Tereza Schořálková, Jan Červenka, Lukáš Kratochvíl
Sexual size dimorphism (SSD) reflects sex-specific solutions to the allocation of energy among growth, reproduction and survival; however, the proximate mechanisms behind these solutions are still poorly known even in vertebrates. In squamates, sexual differences in body size used to be attributed to direct energy allocation to energetically demanding processes, largely to reproduction. In addition, SSD is assumed to be controlled by specific endogenous mechanisms regulating growth in a sex-specific manner, namely masculinization by male gonadal androgens, or feminization by ovarian hormones...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956470/epigenetic-regulation-of-the-sex-determination-gene-megi-in-polyploid-persimmon
#13
Takashi Akagi, Isabelle Marie Henry, Takashi Kawai, Luca Comai, Ryutaro Tao
Epigenetic regulation can add a flexible layer to genetic variation, potentially enabling long-term but reversible cis-regulatory changes to an allele while maintaining its DNA sequence. Here, we present a case in which alternative epigenetic states lead to reversible sex determination in the hexaploid persimmon Diospyros kaki. Previously, we elucidated the molecular mechanism of sex determination in diploid persimmon and demonstrated the action of a Y-encoded sex determinant pseudogene called OGI, which produces small-RNAs targeting the autosomal gene MeGI, resulting in separate male and female individuals (dioecy)...
December 12, 2016: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942897/voice-feminization-in-male-to-female-transgendered-clients-after-wendler-s-glottoplasty-with-vs-without-voice-therapy-support
#14
Juan C Casado, María J Rodríguez-Parra, José A Adrián
The objective of this study was to evaluate the medium-term results of Wendler's glottoplasty surgery (WG) and the effects of post-operative voice therapy in a group of male-to-female transsexuals. This is a retrospective study of 18 transsexuals who voluntarily underwent WG between 2010 and 2014 at a single hospital. Ten of the subjects underwent an additional voice therapy training. The group was assessed pre- vs. post-treatments with a limited battery of measures consisting of fundamental frequency (Fo), maximum phonation time, the TSEQ transgender self-assessment questionnaire, and perceptual assessment of the voice (Visual Analog Scale and a simplified version of the classical Hirano-GRBAS scale) by inter-rater agreement...
December 10, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940757/atypical-leydig-cell-tumor-in-children-report-of-2-cases
#15
Chiara Mameli, Giorgio Selvaggio, Chiara Cerini, Gaetano Bulfamante, Cristina Madia, Giovanna Riccipetitoni, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti
Leydig cell tumors (LCTs) are rare cord-stromal tumors that may occur in testis or ovaries and may produce androgens or estrogens. The majority has been found in men between the ages of 20 and 60 years. Adults with androgen-secreting LCTs are usually asymptomatic; feminizing syndromes may result from the production of estradiol or the peripheral aromatization of testosterone. In children, LCTs usually present between 5 and 10 years of age with isosexual precocious pseudopuberty or gynecomastia. We report 2 cases of LCT in prepubertal boys presenting with advanced unilateral pubarche and testicular volume asymmetry...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932079/urinary-continence-outcomes-following-vaginoplasty-in-patients-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#16
John Stites, Kerlly J Bernabé, Denise Galan, Diane Felsen, Dix P Poppas
BACKGROUND: Feminizing genitoplasty techniques have diversified to encompass the spectrum of atypical genitalia in 46,XX congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) patients. However, long-term outcomes evaluating postoperative continence following complex vaginoplasty remain scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to review our surgical experience and assess postoperative urinary continence outcomes in CAH patients following complex, primary vaginoplasty. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed CAH patients who underwent complex, primary vaginoplasty at a single center by a single surgeon from 1996 to 2013...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930295/birth-of-a-w-sex-chromosome-by-horizontal-transfer-of-wolbachia-bacterial-symbiont-genome
#17
Sébastien Leclercq, Julien Thézé, Mohamed Amine Chebbi, Isabelle Giraud, Bouziane Moumen, Lise Ernenwein, Pierre Grève, Clément Gilbert, Richard Cordaux
Sex determination is a fundamental developmental pathway governing male and female differentiation, with profound implications for morphology, reproductive strategies, and behavior. In animals, sex differences between males and females are generally determined by genetic factors carried by sex chromosomes. Sex chromosomes are remarkably variable in origin and can differ even between closely related species, indicating that transitions occur frequently and independently in different groups of organisms. The evolutionary causes underlying sex chromosome turnover are poorly understood, however...
December 27, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912005/climate-change-increases-the-production-of-female-hatchlings-at-a-northern-sea-turtle-rookery
#18
J L Reneker, S J Kamel
The most recent climate change projections show a global increase in temperatures, along with major adjustments to precipitation, throughout the 21st century. Species exhibiting temperature-dependent sex determination are highly susceptible to such changes since the incubation environment influences critical offspring characteristics such as survival and sex ratio. Here we show that the mean incubation duration of loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) nests from a high-density nesting beach on Bald Head Island, North Carolina, USA has decreased significantly over the past 25 yr...
December 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905665/multiple-paternity-in-a-wild-population-of-armadillidium-vulgare-influence-of-infection-with-wolbachia
#19
V Valette, S Durand, N Bech, F Grandjean, S Beltran-Bech
Female multiple mating has been extensively studied to understand how nonobvious benefits, generally thought to be of genetic nature, could overcome heavy costs such as an increased risk of infection during mating. However, the impact of infection itself on multiple mating has rarely been addressed. The interaction between the bacterium Wolbachia and its terrestrial crustacean host, Armadillidium vulgare, is a relevant model to investigate this question. In this association, Wolbachia is able to turn genetic males into functional females (i...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901630/emerging-pollutant-treatments-in-wastewater-cases-of-antibiotics-and-hormones
#20
Erika Méndez, Miguel A González-Fuentes, Georgette Rebollar-Perez, Alia Méndez-Albores, Eduardo Torres
Because of the intensive use of pharmaceutical substances in human life, studies on the detection of these chemical compounds and their metabolites as pollutants in water bodies are continuously reported. Some pharmaceutical agents are associated with adverse effects to aquatic life, even at very low concentrations (ng L(-1) to μg L(-1)). For instance, the presence of antibiotics and hormones has been associated with increasing proliferation of antibiotic resistant pathogens and feminization and masculinization of some aquatic organisms...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
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