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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428799/a-novel-cytoplasmic-male-sterility-in-brassica-napus-inap-cms-with-carpelloid-stamens-via-protoplast-fusion-with-chinese-woad
#1
Lei Kang, Pengfei Li, Aifan Wang, Xianhong Ge, Zaiyun Li
A novel cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) in Brassica napus (inap CMS) was selected from the somatic hybrid with Isatis indigotica (Chinese woad) by recurrent backcrossing. The male sterility was caused by the conversion of tetradynamous stamens into carpelloid structures with stigmatoid tissues at their tips and ovule-like tissues in the margins, and the two shorter stamens into filaments without anthers. The feminized development of the stamens resulted in the complete lack of pollen grains, which was stable in different years and environments...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419738/academic-voice-on-feminism-presence-and-objectivity-in-writing
#2
Kim M Mitchell
Academic voice is an oft-discussed, yet variably defined concept, and confusion exists over its meaning, evaluation, and interpretation. This paper will explore perspectives on academic voice and counterarguments to the positivist origins of objectivity in academic writing. While many epistemological and methodological perspectives exist, the feminist literature on voice is explored here as the contrary position. From the feminist perspective, voice is a socially constructed concept that cannot be separated from the experiences, emotions, and identity of the writer and, thus, constitutes a reflection of an author's way of knowing...
April 16, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418714/more-than-a-physical-burden-women-s-mental-and-emotional-work-in-preventing-pregnancy
#3
Katrina Kimport
In the United States, responsibility for preventing pregnancy in heterosexual relationships disproportionately falls on women. While the biotechnological landscape of available methods may explain the assignment of the physical burden for contraception to women, this does not mean the concomitant time, attention, and stress that preventing pregnancy requires must also be primarily assumed by women. Building on work identifying health care providers as contributors to the construction of normative ideas about reproduction, this study analyzed 52 contraceptive counseling visits with women who reported they did not want future children for the construction of responsibility for the mental and emotional aspects of contraception...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405401/drosophila-enhancer-gal4-lines-show-ectopic-expression-during-development
#4
Sergio Casas-Tintó, Mercedes Arnés, Alberto Ferrús
In Drosophila melanogaster the most widely used technique to drive gene expression is the binary UAS/Gal4 system. We show here that a set of nervous system specific enhancers (elav, D42/Toll-6, OK6/RapGAP1) display ectopic activity in epithelial tissues during development, which is seldom considered in experimental studies. This ectopic activity is variable, unstable and influenced by the primary sequence of the enhancer and the insertion site in the chromosome. In addition, the ectopic activity is independent of the protein expressed, Gal4, as it is reproduced also with the expression of Gal80...
March 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402137/managing-meanings-of-embodied-experiences-theory-toward-a-discursive-understanding-of-becoming-healthier
#5
Kimberly Field-Springer, Katie Margavio Striley
We advance a new theoretical approach for interpreting health communication from an embodied, intersubjective perspective. We propose individuals experience the world as bodied beings and must make sense of their embodied experiences by managing meanings of who they are in the world (being), the actions they perform (doing), and who they want to become (directed becoming). We call this theory managing meanings of embodied experiences (MMEE). Guided by the philosophies of phenomenology, pragmatism, and feminism, we provide a three-fold framework for exploring individuals' management of health meanings during interactions with others in society...
April 12, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391318/mating-changes-sexually-dimorphic-gene-expression-in-the-seed-beetle-callosobruchus-maculatus
#6
Elina Immonen, Ahmed Sayadi, Helen Bayram, Göran Arnqvist
Sexually dimorphic phenotypes arise largely from sex-specific gene expression, which has mainly been characterized in sexually naïve adults. However, we expect sexual dimorphism in transcription to be dynamic and dependent on factors such as reproductive status. Mating induces many behavioral and physiological changes distinct to each sex and is therefore expected to activate regulatory changes in many sex-biased genes. Here, we first characterized sexual dimorphism in gene expression in Callosobruchus maculatus seed beetles...
March 1, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384793/ethnic-considerations-for-rhinoplasty-in-facial-feminization
#7
Daniel Y Cho, Jonathan P Massie, Shane D Morrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384783/ethnic-considerations-for-rhinoplasty-in-facial-feminization-reply
#8
Raúl J Bellinga, Luis Capitán, Daniel Simon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376481/use-of-hormone-replacement-in-females-with-endocrine-disorders
#9
Sophie Christin-Maitre
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is necessary in adolescents with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) in order to avoid estrogen deficiency. The goal of this minirewiew is to present the different types of estrogens (17β-estradiol, estradiol valerate, ethinyl estradiol, and combined equine estrogens) as well as the different types of progestins available. In order to choose among the different types of HRTs, the features of each regimen are being discussed as well as their risks and their respective benefits...
April 4, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375813/toward-a-gender-politics-of-aging
#10
Gemma M Carney
The article proposes a Gender Politics of Aging approach to the study of aging societies. The approach recognizes the feminization of old age, ageism's roots in sexist discourse, and the need to recognize the role of politics in driving demographic debates. Drawing together arguments from feminist gerontology and political demography, the article argues that the intersection of politics and gender must be considered if appropriate responses to an older, feminized demography are to be produced. I conclude that the work of aging feminists provides a rich vein of research and praxis from which a gender politics of aging approach can draw...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372888/anterior-glottic-web-formation-for-voice-feminization-experience-of-27-patients
#11
Taner Yılmaz, Oğuz Kuşçu, Tevfik Sözen, Ahmet Emre Süslü
OBJECTIVE: Voice feminization is needed for male-to-female transsexuals, males with testicular feminization, and females with constitutional androphonia. Anterior glottic web formation affords advantages: endoscopic surgery without skin incision and scar, outpatient surgery, potential reversibility, and low risk for vocal fold and airway damage. STUDY DESIGN: This is a nonrandomized prospective cohort study. SETTING: University hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All 27 cases of androphonia were treated with endoscopic anterior glottic web formation...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350659/first-female-to-male-facial-confirmation-surgery-with-description-of-a-new-procedure-for-masculinization-of-the-thyroid-cartilage-adam-s-apple
#12
Jordan C Deschamps-Braly, Caitlin L Sacher, Jennifer Fick, Douglas K Ousterhout
Although male-to-female transgender patients commonly seek facial feminization surgery, facial masculinization surgery in the female-to-male transgender population is unreported in the literature. This report documents the first known female-to-male facial masculinization surgery, including a new technique for creating an "Adam's apple" to enhance the facial masculine appearance of a natal female. The authors "reversed" the methods typically used to feminize male facial features, and modified the forehead, nose, and chin to masculinize the patient's natal female facial features...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350188/formations-of-femininity-science-and-aesthetics-in-facial-feminization-surgery
#13
Eric Plemons
Facial feminization surgery (FFS) is a set of bone and soft tissue reconstructive surgical procedures intended to feminize the faces of trans- women in order to make their identities as women recognizable to others. In this article, I explore how the identification of facial femininity was negotiated in two FFS surgeons' practices. One committed to the metrics of normal skeletal form and the other to aspirational aesthetics of individual optimization; I argue that surgeons' competing clinical approaches illustrate a constitutive tension in the proliferating therapeutic logics of trans- medicine...
February 28, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343713/workplace-violence-against-women-nurses-working-in-two-public-sector-hospitals-of-lahore-pakistan
#14
Sara Rizvi Jafree
BACKGROUND: Cultural and structural forces help sustain workplace violence (WPV) against feminized professions like nursing in Pakistan. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence and patterns of workplace violence (WPV) against women nurses (more than 95% of entire nursing population) in two hospitals of Pakistan. METHODS: A standardized international survey developed by the World Health Organization was used to collect cross-sectional data...
January 19, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336319/influence-of-gender-of-the-teaching-staff-on-students-acceptance-of-a-virtual-implant-planning-course
#15
Emeka Nkenke, Elefterios Vairaktaris, Hans-Günter Schaller, Christos Perisanidis, Stephan Eitner
Acceptance of new technology is influenced by a number of situational and social factors. So far, only limited data are available on the influence of the teaching staff's gender on the acceptance of virtual dental implant planning by students. This study aimed at assessing the influence of the teaching staff's gender on the acceptance of a virtual implant planning course by male and female undergraduate dental students and their general attitude toward implantology. Two groups of third-year dental students (group 1, 9 males, 22 females; group 2, 12 males, 20 females) attended a virtual dental implant planning course...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332945/unevenness-in-health-at-the-intersection-of-gender-and-sexuality-sexual-minority-disparities-in-alcohol-and-drug-use-among-transwomen-in-the-san-francisco-bay-area
#16
Sean Arayasirikul, W Andres Pomart, H Fisher Raymond, Erin C Wilson
Research on the health of transwomen is largely focused on heterosexual HIV risk. Little is known about the health of sexual minority transwomen. We conducted a secondary cross-sectional analysis of data from a HIV risk and resilience study of transwomen aged 16 to 24 years in the San Francisco Bay Area (N = 259). Prevalence and demographic characteristics of sexual minority transwomen was assessed and logistic regression models were used to examine the relationship between sexual minority status and alcohol and drug use...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328210/re-evaluating-the-significance-of-estrone-as-an-environmental-estrogen
#17
Gerald T Ankley, David Feifarek, Brett Blackwell, Jenna E Cavallin, Kathleen M Jensen, Michael D Kahl, Shane Poole, Eric Randolph, Travis Saari, Daniel L Villeneuve
Studies worldwide have demonstrated the occurrence of feminized male fish at sites impacted by human and animal wastes. A variety of chemicals could contribute to this phenomenon, but those receiving the greatest attention in terms of research and monitoring have been 17β-estradiol (β-E2) and 17α-ethinylestradiol, due both to their prevalence in the environment and strong estrogenic potency. A third steroid, estrone (E1), also can occur at high concentrations in surface waters but generally has been of lesser concern due to its relatively lower affinity for vertebrate estrogen receptors...
April 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299259/facial-feminization-surgical-modification-for-indian-european-and-african-faces
#18
S M Balaji
INTRODUCTION: Gender reassignment surgery for facial feminization is being increasingly sought out by males with gender nonconformity issues. Noninvasive camouflage measures such as changing hairstyle, makeup, and filler inserts often do not fetch desired long lasting effects and surgery is sought as a last resort. The facial feminization surgery (FFS) for Indian faces, has no definitive protocol till date and largely remains as an arbitrary undertaking based on individual patient's perception, expectation, and surgeon's ability...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299250/facial-feminization
#19
EDITORIAL
S M Balaji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295771/analysis-of-17%C3%AE-estradiol-estriol-and-estrone-in-american-eel-anguilla-rostrata-tissue-samples-using-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-electrospray-differential-ion-mobility-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#20
Alejandro Cohen, Neil W Ross, Paul M Smith, James P Fawcett
RATIONALE: 17β-Estradiol (E2), estrone (E1) and estriol (E3) are steroid hormones responsible for the regulation of the female reproductive system. Estradiol is planned to be used to feminize eels in aquaculture in order to improve their size and marketability. The residual levels of these hormones in fish tissue must be monitored to meet the requirements of food regulatory agencies. Few studies have studied these hormones on complex biological matrices such as fish tissue. METHODS: We developed a method to analyze E1, E2 and E3 in fish tissue using liquid chromatography in combination with differential ion mobility spectrometry (DMS) and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS)...
March 11, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
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