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multiple trace theory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802382/locating-the-proton-in-nicotinamide-protomers-via-low-resolution-uv-action-spectroscopy-of-electrosprayed-solutions
#1
Edward Matthews, Caroline E H Dessent
Even in relatively simple molecules, the sites of protonation or deprotonation formed upon electrospray ionization can be controversial. This situation means that it is important to develop new approaches for identifying "protomers" and "deprotomers". In this study, we demonstrate that routine, low-resolution UV laser photodissociation spectroscopy in an adapted commercial mass spectrometer can be applied to identify the gaseous protomers of nicotinamide formed upon electrospray. Nicotinamide is an important biological molecule that posesses multiple protonation sites associated with its pyridine and amide groups...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782207/collective-influence-of-multiple-spreaders-evaluated-by-tracing-real-information-flow-in-large-scale-social-networks
#2
Xian Teng, Sen Pei, Flaviano Morone, Hernán A Makse
Identifying the most influential spreaders that maximize information flow is a central question in network theory. Recently, a scalable method called "Collective Influence (CI)" has been put forward through collective influence maximization. In contrast to heuristic methods evaluating nodes' significance separately, CI method inspects the collective influence of multiple spreaders. Despite that CI applies to the influence maximization problem in percolation model, it is still important to examine its efficacy in realistic information spreading...
October 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576486/acetonitrile-ion-suppression-in-atmospheric-pressure-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#3
Kevin Colizza, Keira E Mahoney, Alexander V Yevdokimov, James L Smith, Jimmie C Oxley
Efforts to analyze trace levels of cyclic peroxides by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry gave evidence that acetonitrile suppressed ion formation. Further investigations extended this discovery to ketones, linear peroxides, esters, and possibly many other types of compounds, including triazole and menadione. Direct ionization suppression caused by acetonitrile was observed for multiple adduct types in both electrospray ionization and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization. The addition of only 2% acetonitrile significantly decreased the sensitivity of analyte response...
November 2016: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531360/active-engagement-in-a-web-based-tutorial-to-prevent-obesity-grounded-in-fuzzy-trace-theory-predicts-higher-knowledge-and-gist-comprehension
#4
Priscila G Brust-Renck, Valerie F Reyna, Evan A Wilhelms, Christopher R Wolfe, Colin L Widmer, Elizabeth M Cedillos-Whynott, A Kate Morant
We used Sharable Knowledge Objects (SKOs) to create an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) grounded in Fuzzy-Trace Theory to teach women about obesity prevention: GistFit, getting the gist of healthy eating and exercise. The theory predicts that reliance on gist mental representations (as opposed to verbatim) is more effective in reducing health risks and improving decision making. Technical information was translated into decision-relevant gist representations and gist principles (i.e., healthy values). The SKO was hypothesized to facilitate extracting these gist representations and principles by engaging women in dialogue, "understanding" their responses, and replying appropriately to prompt additional engagement...
August 16, 2016: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442403/brain-topography-of-emf-induced-eeg-changes-in-restful-wakefulness-tracing-current-effects-targeting-future-prospects
#5
REVIEW
Biljana Gjoneska, Simona Markovska-Simoska, Hiie Hinrikus, Nada Pop-Jordanova, Jordan Pop-Jordanov
INTRODUCTION: Covering a handful of decades but spanning across two centuries, mobile phones announced the dawn of the technological revolution, standing at the forefront as its' most prominent symbol. Over the course of their sovereign dominance, human generations born with the birth of the mobile phone reached the age of maturity, while scientific community started reaching for experience-based perceptivity. AIM: The following review serves as a short-cut across a half-decade old research gap, and a clear-cut analysis on the cutting-edge knowledge of the EMF induced EEG changes...
2015: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428966/comparison-of-three-non-imaging-angle-diversity-receivers-as-input-sensors-of-nodes-for-indoor-infrared-wireless-sensor-networks-theory-and-simulation
#6
Beatriz R Mendoza, Silvestre Rodríguez, Rafael Pérez-Jiménez, Alejandro Ayala, Oswaldo González
In general, the use of angle-diversity receivers makes it possible to reduce the impact of ambient light noise, path loss and multipath distortion, in part by exploiting the fact that they often receive the desired signal from different directions. Angle-diversity detection can be performed using a composite receiver with multiple detector elements looking in different directions. These are called non-imaging angle-diversity receivers. In this paper, a comparison of three non-imaging angle-diversity receivers as input sensors of nodes for an indoor infrared (IR) wireless sensor network is presented...
2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27248142/the-international-postal-network-and-other-global-flows-as-proxies-for-national-wellbeing
#7
Desislava Hristova, Alex Rutherford, Jose Anson, Miguel Luengo-Oroz, Cecilia Mascolo
The digital exhaust left by flows of physical and digital commodities provides a rich measure of the nature, strength and significance of relationships between countries in the global network. With this work, we examine how these traces and the network structure can reveal the socioeconomic profile of different countries. We take into account multiple international networks of physical and digital flows, including the previously unexplored international postal network. By measuring the position of each country in the Trade, Postal, Migration, International Flights, IP and Digital Communications networks, we are able to build proxies for a number of crucial socioeconomic indicators such as GDP per capita and the Human Development Index ranking along with twelve other indicators used as benchmarks of national well-being by the United Nations and other international organisations...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27241754/fluctuation-analysis-dissecting-transcriptional-kinetics-with-signal-theory
#8
A Coulon, D R Larson
Recent live-cell microscopy techniques now allow the visualization in multiple colors of RNAs as they are transcribed on genes of interest. Following the number of nascent RNAs over time at a single locus reveals complex fluctuations originating from the underlying transcriptional kinetics. We present here a technique based on concepts from signal theory-called fluctuation analysis-to analyze and interpret multicolor transcriptional time traces and extract the temporal signatures of the underlying mechanisms...
2016: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27206318/synaptic-and-extrasynaptic-traces-of-long-term-memory-the-id-molecule-theory
#9
Charles R Legéndy
It is generally assumed at the time of this writing that memories are stored in the form of synaptic weights. However, it is now also clear that the synapses are not permanent; in fact, synaptic patterns undergo significant change in a matter of hours. This means that to implement the long survival of distant memories (for several decades in humans), the brain must possess a molecular backup mechanism in some form, complete with provisions for the storage and retrieval of information. It is found below that the memory-supporting molecules need not contain a detailed description of mental entities, as had been envisioned in the 'memory molecule papers' from 50 years ago, they only need to contain unique identifiers of various entities, and that this can be achieved using relatively small molecules, using a random code ('ID molecules')...
August 1, 2016: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27196506/probing-the-reactivity-of-the-ce%C3%A2-o-multiple-bond-in-a-cerium-iv-oxo-complex
#10
Yat-Ming So, Yang Li, Ka-Chun Au-Yeung, Guo-Cang Wang, Kang-Long Wong, Herman H Y Sung, Polly L Arnold, Ian D Williams, Zhenyang Lin, Wa-Hung Leung
The reactivity of the cerium(IV) oxo complex [(LOEt)2Ce(IV)(═O)(H2O)]·MeC(O)NH2 (1; LOEt(-) = [CoCp{P(O)(OEt)2}3](-), where Cp = η(5)-C5H5) toward electrophiles and Brønsted acids has been investigated. The treatment of 1 with acetic anhydride afforded the diacetate complex [Ce(IV)(LOEt)2(O2CMe)2] (2). The reaction of 1 with B(C6F5)3 yielded [Ce(IV)(LOEt)2(Me2CONH2)2][B(C6F5)3(OH)]2 (3), in which the [B(C6F5)3(OH)](-) anions are H-bonded to the O-bound acetamide ligands. The treatment of 1 with HCl and HNO3 afforded [Ce(IV)(LOEt)2Cl2] and [Ce(IV)(LOEt)2(NO3)2], respectively...
May 19, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27145353/making-microscopy-count-quantitative-light-microscopy-of-dynamic-processes-in-living-plants
#11
Mark D Fricker, Julian Moger, George R Littlejohn, Michael J Deeks
Cell theory has officially reached 350 years of age as the first use of the word 'cell' in a biological context can be traced to a description of plant material by Robert Hooke in his historic publication 'Micrographia: or some physiological definitions of minute bodies'. The 2015 Royal Microscopical Society Botanical Microscopy meeting was a celebration of the streams of investigation initiated by Hooke to understand at the subcellular scale how plant cell function and form arises. Much of the work presented, and Honorary Fellowships awarded, reflected the advanced application of bioimaging informatics to extract quantitative data from micrographs that reveal dynamic molecular processes driving cell growth and physiology...
August 2016: Journal of Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087604/a-first-test-of-the-hypothesis-of-biogenic-magnetite-based-heterogeneous-ice-crystal-nucleation-in-cryopreservation
#12
Atsuko Kobayashi, Harry N Golash, Joseph L Kirschvink
An outstanding biophysical puzzle is focused on the apparent ability of weak, extremely low-frequency oscillating magnetic fields to enhance cryopreservation of many biological tissues. A recent theory holds that these weak magnetic fields could be inhibiting ice-crystal nucleation on the nanocrystals of biological magnetite (Fe3O4, an inverse cubic spinel) that are present in many plant and animal tissues by causing them to oscillate. In this theory, magnetically-induced mechanical oscillations disrupt the ability of water molecules to nucleate on the surface of the magnetite nanocrystals...
June 2016: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27036289/a-theoretical-model-of-barriers-having-inhomogeneous-impedance-surfaces
#13
Xu Wang, Xiaonan Wang, Wuzhou Yu, Zaixiu Jiang, Dongxing Mao
When barriers are placed in parallel on opposite sides of a source, their performance deteriorates markedly. However, barriers made from materials of inhomogeneous impedance eliminate this drawback by altering the behavior of sound as it undergoes multiple reflections between the barriers. In this paper, a theoretical approach is carried out to estimate the performance of the proposed barriers. By combining the ray-tracing method and sound diffraction theory, the existence of different ray paths between the proposed barriers is revealed...
March 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26978366/measurement-of-3-d-vibrational-motion-by-dynamic-photogrammetry-using-least-square-image-matching-for-sub-pixel-targeting-to-improve-accuracy
#14
Hyoseong Lee, Huinam Rhee, Jae Hong Oh, Jin Ho Park
This paper deals with an improved methodology to measure three-dimensional dynamic displacements of a structure by digital close-range photogrammetry. A series of stereo images of a vibrating structure installed with targets are taken at specified intervals by using two daily-use cameras. A new methodology is proposed to accurately trace the spatial displacement of each target in three-dimensional space. This method combines the correlation and the least-square image matching so that the sub-pixel targeting can be obtained to increase the measurement accuracy...
2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26937317/china-s-other-medical-systems-recognizing-uyghur-tibetan-and-mongolian-traditional-medicines
#15
Elaine Yu, Hakima Amri
BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine, as it is understood and adopted by those with a growing interest in complementary and alternative practices to biomedicine, is often used as an umbrella term for traditional medical practices from regions within and bordering the People's Republic of China. However, there are multiple distinct medical traditions in China, including that of the Uyghurs, Tibetans, and Mongolians. OBJECTIVE: It is important to recognize the commonalities and differences of these unique systems of medicine practiced by the 3 different cultures among China's borders...
January 2016: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26903886/hippocampal-non-theta-contingent-eyeblink-classical-conditioning-a-model-system-for-neurobiological-dysfunction
#16
REVIEW
Joseph J Cicchese, Stephen D Berry
Typical information processing is thought to depend on the integrity of neurobiological oscillations that may underlie coordination and timing of cells and assemblies within and between structures. The 3-7 Hz bandwidth of hippocampal theta rhythm is associated with cognitive processes essential to learning and depends on the integrity of cholinergic, GABAergic, and glutamatergic forebrain systems. Since several significant psychiatric disorders appear to result from dysfunction of medial temporal lobe (MTL) neurochemical systems, preclinical studies on animal models may be an important step in defining and treating such syndromes...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26836100/simple-ray-tracing-model-for-a-rough-surface-of-an-ink-layer-including-internal-scattering-particles-printed-on-a-light-guide-plate
#17
Yoshifumi Sekiguchi, Hiroki Kaneko
For simulating light guide lighting systems, we have developed a ray-tracing model for an ink layer extracting light from a light guide. The model consists of the volume and the rough surface scattering calculated on the basis of Mie theory and the facet model, respectively. The model of an ink layer was required to conserve energy for analyzing how much light loss occurs in each component in the lighting system. Though a single-scattering rough surface model with a shadowing/masking function successfully describes the scattering distribution, shadowing light violates the energy conservation law because of a lack of multiple scattering...
February 1, 2016: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26799130/a-theory-of-cerebellar-cortex-and-adaptive-motor-control-based-on-two-types-of-universal-function-approximation-capability
#18
Masahiko Fujita
Lesions of the cerebellum result in large errors in movements. The cerebellum adaptively controls the strength and timing of motor command signals depending on the internal and external environments of movements. The present theory describes how the cerebellar cortex can control signals for accurate and timed movements. A model network of the cerebellar Golgi and granule cells is shown to be equivalent to a multiple-input (from mossy fibers) hierarchical neural network with a single hidden layer of threshold units (granule cells) that receive a common recurrent inhibition (from a Golgi cell)...
March 2016: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26710720/service-delivery-under-translation-multi-stakeholder-accountability-in-the-non-profit-community-sector-in-new-zealand
#19
Bronwyn Boon, Richard Greatbanks, Jenny Munro, Michael Gaffney
This paper addresses the challenge reported in the research literature of providing adequate accounts of service quality and value to multiple stakeholders. Rather than starting with a particular accountability practice, we examine the accounts of complex service delivery and results from the perspective of five key stakeholder groups. The case study at the empirical centre of this research is a small New Zealand non-profit organisation that provides community-based wraparound casework to young people, and their families, with multiple and complex needs...
December 28, 2015: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26656564/does-retrieval-frequency-account-for-the-pattern-of-autobiographical-memory-loss-in-early-alzheimer-s-disease-patients
#20
Maria Stefania De Simone, Lucia Fadda, Roberta Perri, Marta Aloisi, Carlo Caltagirone, Giovanni Augusto Carlesimo
Episodic autobiographical memory (ABM) has been found to be impaired from the early stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Previous works have focused on how ABM decreases over the lifespan, but no study has deeply investigated whether the extent of episodic autobiographical amnesia is mediated by the retrieval frequency of the episodic trace itself. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the frequency of trace retrieval has an effect on the quality of autobiographical incidents recall and whether the extent of this contribution changes over time...
January 8, 2016: Neuropsychologia
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