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Oxygen toxicity

Yunfeng Luo, Chaohua Wu, Liangliang Liu, Yu Gong, Shengming Peng, Yixi Xie, Yi Cao
It is recently shown that flavonoids might reduce the toxicity of nanoparticles (NPs) due to their antioxidative properties. In this study, the influence of 3-hydroxyflavone (H3) on the toxicity of ZnO NPs was investigated. H3 increased hydrodynamic size, polydispersity index and absolute value of the zeta potential of ZnO NPs, which indicated that H3 could influence the colloidal aspects of NPs. Surprisingly, H3 markedly decreased the initial concentration of ZnO NPs required to induce cytotoxicity to Caco-2, HepG2, THP-1 and human umbilical vein endothelial cells, which suggested that H3 could promote the toxicity of ZnO NPs to both cancerous and normal cells...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
Ivana Gadjanski
In order to engineer biomimetic osteochondral (OC) construct, it is necessary to address both the cartilage and bone phase of the construct, as well as the interface between them, in effect mimicking the developmental processes when generating hierarchical scaffolds that show gradual changes of physical and mechanical properties, ideally complemented with the biochemical gradients. There are several components whose characteristics need to be taken into account in such biomimetic approach, including cells, scaffolds, bioreactors as well as various developmental processes such as mesenchymal condensation and vascularization, that need to be stimulated through the use of growth factors, mechanical stimulation, purinergic signaling, low oxygen conditioning, and immunomodulation...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Kentaro Noma, Yishi Jin
Stably transmitted transgenes are indispensable for labeling cellular components and manipulating cellular functions. In Caenorhabditis elegans , transgenes are generally generated as inheritable multi-copy extrachromosomal arrays, which can be stabilized in the genome through a mutagenesis-mediated integration process. Standard methods to integrate extrachromosomal arrays primarily use protocols involving ultraviolet light plus trimethylpsoralen or gamma- or X-ray irradiation, which are laborious and time-consuming...
April 24, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Marina Martínez-Carmona, Yurii Gun'ko, María Vallet-Regí
In the last two decades, zinc oxide (ZnO) semiconductor Quantum dots (QDs) have been shown to have fantastic luminescent properties, which together with their low-cost, low-toxicity and biocompatibility have turned these nanomaterials into one of the main candidates for bio-imaging. The discovery of other desirable traits such as their ability to produce destructive reactive oxygen species (ROS), high catalytic efficiency, strong adsorption capability and high isoelectric point, also make them promising nanomaterials for therapeutic and diagnostic functions...
April 23, 2018: Nanomaterials
Andrea Baschieri, Benedetta Del Secco, Nelsi Zaccheroni, Luca Valgimigli, Riccardo Amorati
Metal nanoparticles are reported to be toxic due to free radical generation at their surface. Relatively inert thiol-capped gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been reported to induce radical formation in the presence of hydroperoxides, which would conflict with their potential use as inert scaffolds for the design of novel nano-antioxidants. With the aim of clarifying this aspect, we investigated the pro-oxidant activity of dodecanethiol-capped AuNPs (~5 nm), prepared via the Brust-Schiffrin synthesis, by oxygen-uptake kinetic studies...
April 24, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Sławomir Jaworski, Mateusz Wierzbicki, Ewa Sawosz, Anna Jung, Grzegorz Gielerak, Joanna Biernat, Henryk Jaremek, Witold Łojkowski, Bartosz Woźniak, Jacek Wojnarowicz, Leszek Stobiński, Artur Małolepszy, Marta Mazurkiewicz-Pawlicka, Maciej Łojkowski, Natalia Kurantowicz, André Chwalibog
One of the most promising methods against drug-resistant bacteria can be surface-modified materials with biocidal nanoparticles and nanocomposites. Herein, we present a nanocomposite with silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) on the surface of graphene oxide (GO) as a novel multifunctional antibacterial and antifungal material. Ultrasonic technologies have been used as an effective method of coating polyurethane foils. Toxicity on gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli), gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis), and pathogenic yeast (Candida albicans) was evaluated by analysis of cell morphology, assessment of cell viability using the PrestoBlue assay, analysis of cell membrane integrity using the lactate dehydrogenase assay, and reactive oxygen species production...
April 23, 2018: Nanoscale Research Letters
Roderic H Fabian, Paul J Derry, Harriett Charmaine Rea, William V Dalmeida, Lizanne G Nilewski, William K A Sikkema, Pitchaiah Mandava, Ah-Lim Tsai, Kimberly Mendoza, Vladimir Berka, James M Tour, Thomas A Kent
Introduction: While oxidative stress can be measured during transient cerebral ischemia, antioxidant therapies for ischemic stroke have been clinically unsuccessful. Many antioxidants are limited in their range and/or capacity for quenching radicals and can generate toxic intermediates overwhelming depleted endogenous protection. We developed a new antioxidant class, 40 nm × 2 nm carbon nanoparticles, hydrophilic carbon clusters, conjugated to poly(ethylene glycol) termed PEG-HCCs...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Joanna I Lachowicz, Miriam Crespo-Alonso, Claudia Caltagirone, Giancarla Alberti, Raffaela Biesuz, James O Orton, Valeria M Nurchi
This paper presents an easy, fast and economic synthesis of chelating agents for medical, environmental and analytical applications, and the evaluation of the stability of their complexes with Fe3+ and Al3+ . Complex formation equilibria with Cu2+ and Zn2+ metal ions were also studied to evaluate if the chelating agents can perturb the homeostatic equilibria of these essential metal ions. Effective chelating agents for metal ions, in addition to their well-known medical uses, find an increasing number of applications in environmental remediation, agricultural applications (supplying essential elements in an easily available form), and in analytical chemistry as colorimetric reagents...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Abdelaziz Bouchaib, Abdellatif Ben Abdellah, Mohamed Bakkali, Amine Laglaoui, Abdelhay Arakrak, Carlo Carboni, Abdelaziz Benjouad, Amal Maurady
The present work describes a method for detecting the ingress of gas phase oxygen into packed food. It uses the enzyme polyphenol oxidase (PPO)from Mushroom and Mediterranean dwarf palm. The PPO is incorporated into an indubiose film along with a non-toxic polyphenol such as gallic acid or chlorogenic acid. If exposed to oxygen, the test spot undergoes an irreversible and visible color change from pale to deep brown due to the PPO catalyzed oxidation of the respective polyphenol by oxygen. The color change can be detected visually or by spectrophotometry at 470 nm...
July 2018: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
Mohamed-Amine Jabri, Lamjed Marzouki, Hichem Sebai
BACKGROUND: This study examined the effects of chronic alcohol consumption in the rat erythrocytes membrane as well as the involvement of reactive oxygen species and proinflammatory cytokines in its pathogenicity in rats and evaluated the ameliorating effects of myrtle berries seeds aqueous extract (MBSAE). METHODS: Fifty adult male Wistar rats were equally divided into five groups and treated daily for two months as follows: control, ethanol (3 g kg- 1 b.w...
April 23, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
Filipe M Sousa, Juliana G Pereira, Bruno C Marreiros, Manuela M Pereira
Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) is a versatile molecule with different functions in living organisms: it can work as a metabolite of sulfur and energetic metabolism or as a signaling molecule in higher Eukaryotes. H2 S is also highly toxic since it is able to inhibit heme cooper oxygen reductases, preventing oxidative phosphorylation. Due to the fact that it can both inhibit and feed the respiratory chain, the immediate role of H2 S on energy metabolism crucially relies on its bioavailability, meaning that studying the central players involved in the H2 S homeostasis is key for understanding sulfide metabolism...
April 20, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Jiajie Li, Guangyao Tang, Wenjuan Qin, Rentan Yang, Rongji Ma, Bin Ma, Jianfeng Wei, Hailong Lv, Yufeng Jiang
Cystic echinococcosis is a severe parasitic disease that commonly affects the liver and causes abscesses or rupture into the surrounding tissues, leading to multiple complications, such as shock, severe abdominal pain, and post-treatment abscess recurrence. Currently, there are no efficient measures to prevent these complications. We previously confirmed that arsenic trioxide (As2O3) exhibited in vitro cytotoxicity against Echinococcus granulosus protoscoleces. In the present study, we aimed to explore the mechanism of As2O3-induced E...
April 19, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Leah K Bartel, Daniel A Hunter, Kayla B Anderson, W Yau, Ji Wu, Worlanyo E Gato
Various in vitro and in vivo studies have shown titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TDNPs) increase the production of reactive oxygen species and change the expression of genes and proteins involved in the inflammatory response and cell division. Although, the cytotoxicity of TDNPs has been shown to be largely dependent on the characteristics of the particles including shape and surface area. This present study investigates the effects of titanium dioxide nanofibers (TDNFs) with a diameter of 300-800 nm, on the histopathology of liver tissue, changes in feed efficiency and liver weights, changes in hepatic gene expression, and serum biochemical parameters in male Sprague-Dawley rats...
April 23, 2018: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
Zizhou Feng, Xiangmei Liu, Lei Tan, Zhenduo Cui, Xianjin Yang, Zhaoyang Li, Yufeng Zheng, Kelvin Wai Kwok Yeung, Shuilin Wu
Developing in situ disinfection methods in vivo to avoid drug-resistant bacteria and tissue toxicity is an urgent need. Here, the photodynamic and photothermal properties of the chitosan-assisted MoS2 (CS@MoS2 ) hybrid coating are simultaneously inspired to endow metallic Ti implants with excellent surface self-antibacterial capabilities. This coating, irradiated by only 660 nm visible light (VL) for 10 min, exhibits an antibacterial efficacy of 91.58% and 92.52% against Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S...
April 22, 2018: Small
Deepak Kumar, Anshuman Singh, Rishi Kumar Jha
Investigation of presence of Uranium (U) in groundwater/drinking water is an active are of research due to its chemical and radiological toxicity as well as long-term health effects. The current study had the objective of estimating U as a naturally occurring radioactive element in groundwater samples and assessment of ingestion dose, when groundwater is the source of drinking water. The random sampling method was chosen for the collection of samples based on population density. The estimation of U was done using LED fluorimeter...
April 21, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Zülbiye Yılmaz, Esra Betül Kalaz, A Fatih Aydın, Vakur Olgaç, Semra Doğru-Abbasoğlu, Müjdat Uysal, Necla Koçak-Toker
BACKGROUND: Methylglyoxal (MG) is a highly reactive dicarbonyl compound. It is produced by processes like glycolysis, glucose autooxidation, lipid peroxidation, and protein glycation. It is a major precursor of advanced glycation end products (AGE). It also exacerbates oxidative stress in the organism. Although there are some in vitro studies investigating the effect of resveratrol (RES) as an antioxidant and antiglycating agent on MG-induced toxicity, in vivo effect of RES is unknown...
December 19, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Jessica Maiuolo, Alessia Maretta, Micaela Gliozzi, Vincenzo Musolino, Cristina Carresi, Francesca Bosco, Rocco Mollace, Federica Scarano, Ernesto Palma, Miriam Scicchitano, Saverio Nucera, Domenico Sergi, Saverio Muscoli, Santo Gratteri, Carolina Muscoli, Vincenzo Mollace
Chronic ethanol (EtOH) consumption causes early detrimental consequences in many tissues including the myocardium, though the molecular mechanisms leading to the alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM) still remain to be elucidated. Here, we studied several biomolecular changes occurring in cardiomyoblasts after their exposure to sublethal concentrations of EtOH and the potential synergistic effect with methylmercury (MM) or doxorubicin (DOXO), which are known to produce direct myocardial dysfunction. In addition, the possible role of autophagic responses and Nuclear Factor kappa-B (NFkB) modulation in early post-alcoholic myocardial damage has been investigated...
April 18, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Debabrata Panja, Christian A Vedeler, Manja Schubert
AIM: Neurodegeneration is associated with dysfunction of calcium buffering capacity and thereby sustained cellular and mitochondrial calcium overload. Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD), characterized by progressive Purkinje neuron degeneration following paraneoplastic Yo antibody internalisation and binding to cerebellar degeneration-related protein CDR2 and CDR2L, has been linked to intracellular calcium homeostasis imbalance due to calbindin D28k malfunction. Therefore, we hypothesized that Yo antibody internalisation affects not only calbindin calcium binding capacity but also calcium-sensitive mitochondrial-associated signalling, causing mitochondrial calcium overload and thereby Purkinje neuron death...
April 21, 2018: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
Julia Matzenbacher Dos Santos, Denise Silva de Oliveira, Marcos Lazaro Moreli, Sandra Aparecida Benite-Ribeiro
Reduced cellular response to insulin in skeletal muscle is one of the major components of the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Mitochondrial dysfunction involves in the accumulation of toxic reactive oxygen species (ROS) that leads to insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to verify the involvement of mitochondrial DNA damage at ROS generation in skeletal muscle during development of T2D. Wistar rats were fed a diet containing 60% fat over 8 weeks and at day 14 a single injection of STZ (25 mg/kg) was administered (T2D-induced)...
April 20, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Changhoon Choi, Arang Son, Hyi-Seung Lee, Yeon-Ju Lee, Hee Chul Park
Although radiation therapy is an effective treatment modality in many cancers, there is an urgent need to develop therapeutic drugs capable of overcoming radioresistance or minimizing normal tissue toxicity. A wide variety of marine-derived bioactive compounds have been screened for anti-cancer drug discovery, but little is known regarding radiation therapy applications. In this study, six different extracts of marine sponges collected from the Micronesian sea were screened for anti-cancer and radiosensitizing activity...
April 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
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