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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103148/double-whammy-adverse-childhood-events-and-pain-reflect-symptomology-and-quality-of-life-in-women-in-substance-abuse-treatment
#1
Cheryl Zlotnick, Maayan Lawental, Dorit Pud
BACKGROUND: This study examined the profiles of symptoms and health-related quality of life (QOL) of women in substance abuse treatment, comparing those with higher versus lower histories of adverse childhood events (ACE), and those with versus without current pain. METHODS: Adult women in outpatient substance abuse treatment (n = 30) completed questionnaires (cross-sectional study) on topics including drug use, adverse childhood events (ACE), QOL, functional ability, current pain, and depression...
January 19, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100290/familial-confounding-of-the-association-between-maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-internalizing-disorders-in-offspring
#2
S M Meier, K J Plessen, F Verhulst, O Mors, P B Mortensen, C B Pedersen, E Agerbo
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking has consistently been associated with multiple adverse childhood outcomes including externalizing disorders. In contrast the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSDP) and internalizing (anxiety and depressive) disorders in offspring has received less investigation. METHOD: We conducted a nationwide cohort study including 957635 individuals born in Denmark between 1991 and 2007. Data on MSDP and diagnoses of depression or anxiety disorders were derived from national registers and patients were followed up from the age of 5 years to the end of 2012...
January 19, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096873/the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-suicidal-ideation-role-of-maltreatment-and-potential-mediators
#3
Yong-Chun Bahk, Seon-Kyeong Jang, Kee-Hong Choi, Seung-Hwan Lee
OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma is recognized as an important risk factor in suicidal ideation, however it is not fully understood how the different types of childhood maltreatment influence suicidal ideation nor what variables mediate the relationship between childhood trauma and suicidal ideation. This study examined the path from childhood trauma to suicidal ideation, including potential mediators. METHODS: A sample of 211 healthy adults completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), Beck scale for Suicidal Ideation (BSI), Functional Social Support Questionnaire (FSSQ) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088535/neurobiological-consequences-of-juvenile-stress-a-gabaergic-perspective-on-risk-and-resilience
#4
REVIEW
Anne Albrecht, Iris Müller, Ziv Ardi, Gürsel Çalışkan, David Gruber, Sebastian Ivens, Menahem Segal, Joachim Behr, Uwe Heinemann, Oliver Stork, Gal Richter-Levin
ALBRECHT, A., MÜLLER, I., ARDI, Z., ÇALIŞKAN, G., GRUBER, D., IVENS, S., SEGAL, M., BEHR, J., HEINEMANN, U., STORK, O., and RICHTER-LEVIN, G. Neurobiological consequences of juvenile stress: A GABAergic perspective on risk and resilience. NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV REV XXX-XXX, 2016.- Childhood adversity is among the most potent risk factors for developing mood and anxiety disorders later in life. Therefore, understanding how stress during childhood shapes and rewires the brain may optimize preventive and therapeutic strategies for these disorders...
January 11, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080169/family-oriented-support-famos-development-and-feasibility-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-families-of-childhood-cancer-survivors
#5
Hanin Salem, Christoffer Johansen, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Jeanette Falck Winther, Peder Skov Wehner, Henrik Hasle, Steen Rosthøj, Anne E Kazak, Pernille E Bidstrup
BACKGROUND: We developed and tested the feasibility of a manualized psychosocial intervention, FAMily-Oriented Support (FAMOS), a home-based psychosocial intervention for families of childhood cancer survivors. The aim of the intervention is to support families in adopting healthy strategies to cope with the psychological consequences of childhood cancer. The intervention is now being evaluated in a nationwide randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS AND DESIGN: FAMOS is based on principles of family systems therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy, and is delivered in six sessions at home...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078476/children-with-social-anxiety-and-other-anxiety-disorders-show-similar-deficits-in-habitual-emotional-regulation-evidence-for-a-transdiagnostic-phenomenon
#6
Verena Keil, Julia Asbrand, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier, Julian Schmitz
Deficits in emotion regulation (ER) are an important factor in maintaining social anxiety disorder (SAD) in adults. As SAD and ER problems typically develop during childhood and adolescence, and are maintained dynamically within the parent-child dyad, research on families can help to reveal the role ER plays in the early development of SAD. The current study assessed self-reported habitual ER in dyads of children with SAD (n = 31), children with mixed anxiety disorders (MAD; n = 41) and healthy control children (HC; n = 36), and their parents...
January 11, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078206/infectious-atopic-and-inflammatory-diseases-childhood-adversities-and-familial-aggregation-are-independently-associated-with-the-risk-for-mental-disorders-results-from-a-large-swiss-epidemiological-study
#7
Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Aleksandra Aleksandrowicz, Stephanie Rodgers, Margot Mutsch, Anja Tesic, Mario Müller, Wolfram Kawohl, Wulf Rössler, Erich Seifritz, Enrique Castelao, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Caroline Vandeleur, Roland von Känel, Rosa Paolicelli, Markus A Landolt, Cornelia Witthauer, Roselind Lieb, Martin Preisig
AIM: To examine the associations between mental disorders and infectious, atopic, inflammatory diseases while adjusting for other risk factors. METHODS: We used data from PsyCoLaus, a large Swiss Population Cohort Study (n = 3720; age range 35-66). Lifetime diagnoses of mental disorders were grouped into the following categories: Neurodevelopmental, anxiety (early and late onset), mood and substance disorders. They were regressed on infectious, atopic and other inflammatory diseases adjusting for sex, educational level, familial aggregation, childhood adversities and traumatic experiences in childhood...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073790/clemizole-and-modulators-of-serotonin-signalling-suppress-seizures-in-dravet-syndrome
#8
Aliesha Griffin, Kyla R Hamling, Kelly Knupp, SoonGweon Hong, Luke P Lee, Scott C Baraban
Dravet syndrome is a catastrophic childhood epilepsy with early-onset seizures, delayed language and motor development, sleep disturbances, anxiety-like behaviour, severe cognitive deficit and an increased risk of fatality. It is primarily caused by de novo mutations of the SCN1A gene encoding a neuronal voltage-activated sodium channel. Zebrafish with a mutation in the SCN1A homologue recapitulate spontaneous seizure activity and mimic the convulsive behavioural movements observed in Dravet syndrome. Here, we show that phenotypic screening of drug libraries in zebrafish scn1 mutants rapidly and successfully identifies new therapeutics...
January 10, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070889/guided-parent-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-children-with-anxiety-disorders-outcomes-at-3-to-5-year-follow-up
#9
Alexandra Brown, Cathy Creswell, Chris Barker, Stephen Butler, Peter Cooper, Catherine Hobbs, Kerstin Thirlwall
OBJECTIVES: Brief guided parent-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) has been developed to meet the demand for non-intensive interventions for children with anxiety disorders, and initial trials have shown it to be effective for children with a range of anxiety disorders. This study examined outcomes 3-5 years post-treatment. DESIGN: A long-term follow-up (LTFU) cohort study. METHODS: Families who (1) completed at least 50% of allocated treatment sessions of guided parent-delivered CBT for childhood anxiety as part of a randomized control trial (RCT), (2) provided consent to be recontacted, (3) had not received further mental health interventions, and (4) were contactable were invited to take part...
January 9, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070769/emotional-distress-impacts-quality-of-life-evaluation-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-survivor-study
#10
I-Chan Huang, Tara M Brinkman, Gregory T Armstrong, Wendy Leisenring, Leslie L Robison, Kevin R Krull
PURPOSE: We compared health-related quality of life (HRQOL) between adult survivors of childhood cancer and siblings by investigating the mediating role of emotional distress on HRQOL assessment, and examining the extent to which emotional distress affected the item responses of HRQOL measures given the same underlying HRQOL (i.e., measurement non-invariance). METHODS: Cancer survivors (7103) and siblings (390) enrolled in Childhood Cancer Survivor Study who completed the SF-36 measuring HRQOL and the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 measuring anxiety, depression, and somatization were analyzed...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063791/stress-as-a-seizure-precipitant-identification-associated-factors-and-treatment-options
#11
Heather R McKee, Michael D Privitera
Stress is a common and important seizure precipitant reported by epilepsy patients. Studies to date have used different methodologies to identify relationships between epilepsy and stress. Several studies have identified anxiety, depression, and childhood trauma as being more common in patients with epilepsy who report stress as a seizure precipitant compared to patients with epilepsy who did not identify stress as a seizure precipitant. In one survey study it was found that a majority of patients with stress-triggered seizures had used some type of stress reduction method on their own and, of those who tried this, an even larger majority felt that these methods improved their seizures...
December 20, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050743/recalled-separation-anxiety-in-childhood-in-istmo-zapotec-men-women-and-muxes
#12
Francisco R Gómez, Scott W Semenyna, Lucas Court, Paul L Vasey
The Istmo Zapotec are a pre-Columbian cultural group indigenous to the Istmo region of Oaxaca, Mexico. Istmo Zapotec recognize three genders: men, women, and muxes. Like Istmo Zapotec men, muxes are biological males. However, unlike Istmo Zapotec men, most muxes are exclusively androphilic (i.e., sexually attracted to adult males), relatively feminine, and routinely adopt the receptive role during anal intercourse. Furthermore, the Istmo Zapotec recognize two types of muxes: muxe gunaa, who resemble the transgender androphilic males that are common in many non-Western cultures, and muxe nguiiu, who resemble the cisgender androphilic males ("gay" men) common in Western cultures...
January 3, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042929/impact-of-childhood-trauma-and-cognitive-emotion-regulation-strategies-on-risk-aversive-and-loss-aversive-patterns-of-decision-making-in-patients-with-depression
#13
Hyu Jung Huh, Kwangyeol Baek, Jae-Hyung Kwon, Jaeseung Jeong, Jeong-Ho Chae
INTRODUCTION: Although poor decision-making ultimately impairs quality of life in depression, few studies describe the clinical characteristics of patients suffering from dysfunctional decision-making. This study aims to delineate the effect of childhood trauma and other personality factors on risk-aversive and loss-aversive patterns of decision-making in patients with depression. METHODS: A total of 50 depressive patients completed surveys for the measurement of sociodemographic factors, trauma loads and other clinical characteristics, including depression, anxiety, and strategies for emotion regulation...
November 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040827/family-structure-and-childhood-mental-disorders-new-findings-from-australia
#14
Francisco Perales, Sarah E Johnson, Janeen Baxter, David Lawrence, Stephen R Zubrick
PURPOSE: Many children now live in non-traditional families-including one-parent, blended, and step families. While a substantial body of international evidence indicates that these children display poorer cognitive and socio-emotional outcomes than children living in traditional families, research on childhood mental disorders is scarce. This report provides new evidence of the relationships between family structure and childhood mental disorders in an under-researched context, Australia...
December 31, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040627/complete-recovery-from-anxiety-disorders-following-cognitive-behavior-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Helen Warwick, Tessa Reardon, Peter Cooper, Kou Murayama, Shirley Reynolds, Charlotte Wilson, Cathy Creswell
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is a well-established treatment for childhood anxiety disorders. Meta-analyses have concluded that approximately 60% of children recover following treatment, however these include studies using a broad range of diagnostic indices to assess outcomes including whether children are free of the one anxiety disorder that causes most interference (i.e. the primary anxiety disorder) or whether children are free of all anxiety disorders. We conducted a meta-analysis to establish the efficacy of CBT in terms of absence of all anxiety disorders...
December 21, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033695/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-anxiety-in-children-with-malignancy
#16
Parsa Yousefi Chaijan, Mojtaba Sharafkhah, Ali Abdolrazaghnejad, Mohammad Amiri, Mohsen Ebrahimi Monfared, Saghi Fatemi Tabaei
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and Anxiety is the most common childhood psychiatric disorder. Based on studies, these disorders are more prevalent in some chronic disease. This study aimed at investigating the prevalence of ADHD and anxiety in children with malignancy and anxiety in their parents and comparing the results with those of the control group. One hundred, 3-15-year-old children with malignancy and 100 healthy children without malignancy or any chronic disease were included in this case-control study as case and control groups, respectively...
November 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032271/profiles-of-temperament-among-youth-with-specific-phobias-implications-for-cbt-outcomes
#17
Nicole N Capriola, Jordan A Booker, Thomas H Ollendick
Specific phobias (SPs) are characterized by excessive fear or anxiety regarding an object or situation. SPs often result in a host of negative outcomes in childhood and beyond. Children with SPs are broadly assumed to show dispositional over-regulation and fearfulness relative to children without SPs, but there are few attempts to distinguish dispositional patterns among children with SPs. In the present study, we examined trajectories of differing temperamental profiles for youth receiving a CBT-based treatment for their SP...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028042/mental-disorders-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-adult-outpatients-a-comparison-of-linguistic-subgroups
#18
Beate Øhre, Maj Volden, Erik Falkum, Stephen von Tetzchner
Deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) individuals who use signed language and those who use spoken language face different challenges and stressors. Accordingly, the profile of their mental problems may also differ. However, studies of mental disorders in this population have seldom differentiated between linguistic groups. Our study compares demographics, mental disorders, and levels of distress and functioning in 40 patients using Norwegian Sign Language (NSL) and 36 patients using spoken language. Assessment instruments were translated into NSL...
January 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024223/relationships-between-self-reported-childhood-traumatic-experiences-attachment-style-neuroticism-and-features-of-borderline-personality-disorders-in-patients-with-mood-disorders
#19
Ilya Baryshnikov, Grigori Joffe, Maaria Koivisto, Tarja Melartin, Kari Aaltonen, Kirsi Suominen, Tom Rosenström, Petri Näätänen, Boris Karpov, Martti Heikkinen, Erkki Isometsä
BACKGROUND: Co-occurring borderline personality disorder (BPD) features have a marked impact on treatment of patients with mood disorders. Overall, high neuroticism, childhood traumatic experiences (TEs) and insecure attachment are plausible aetiological factors for BPD. However, their relationship with BPD features specifically among patients with mood disorders remains unclear. We investigated these relationships among unipolar and bipolar mood disorder patients. METHODS: As part of the Helsinki University Psychiatric Consortium study, the McLean Screening Instrument (MSI), the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R), the Short Five (S5) and the Trauma and Distress Scale (TADS) were filled in by patients with mood disorders (n=282) in psychiatric care...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018696/alagille-syndrome-a-case-report-highlighting-dysmorphic-facies-chronic-illness-and-depression
#20
James J Bresnahan, Zachary A Winthrop, Rabia Salman, Salman Majeed
Alagille syndrome is a rare multisystem disorder affecting the liver, heart, vertebrae, eyes, and face. Alagille syndrome shares multiple phenotypic variants of other congenital or chronic childhood illnesses such as DiGeorge syndrome, Down syndrome, spina bifida, type 1 diabetes mellitus, and cystic fibrosis. All of these chronic illnesses have well-established links to psychiatric conditions. There are few community resources for Alagille patients, as it is an extremely rare condition. Despite the overlap with other chronic childhood illnesses, the psychiatric manifestations of Alagille syndrome have not been previously discussed in literature...
2016: Case Reports in Psychiatry
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