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Childhood anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328011/when-emotional-pain-becomes-physical-adverse-childhood-experiences-pain-and-the-role-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders
#1
Natalie J Sachs-Ericsson, Julia L Sheffler, Ian H Stanley, Jennifer R Piazza, Kristopher J Preacher
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between retrospective reports of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and painful medical conditions. We also examined the mediating and moderating roles of mood and anxiety disorders in the ACEs-painful medical conditions relationship. METHOD: Ten-year longitudinal data were obtained from the National Comorbidity Surveys (NCS-1, NCS-2; N = 5001). The NCS-1 obtained reports of ACEs, current health conditions, current pain severity, and mood and anxiety disorders...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327414/posttraumatic-symptom-profiles-among-adult-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Iris M Steine, Dagfinn Winje, Jens Christoffer Skogen, John H Krystal, Anne Marita Milde, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Inger Hilde Nordhus, Janne Grønli, Ståle Pallesen
In the present study, our aim was to examine longitudinal posttraumatic stress symptom (PTSS) trajectories in a Norwegian sample of adults who had experienced sexual abuse during childhood, and to identify predictors of PTSS-trajectory belongingness. The sample consisted of 138 adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse (96.4% women, mean age=42.9years, mean age at the first abuse=5.9 years), recruited from support centers for sexual abuse survivors. The majority (78.3%) reported penetrative abuse, and a large proportion of the sample reported that the perpetrator was a biological parent (38...
March 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326741/the-impact-of-childhood-adversities-on-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders-in-adulthood
#3
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The childhood adversities model is generally accepted as a predictor of adult psychopathology vulnerability. It stems from child development theories, but the question remains as of how well solid research supports it. The aim of this article is to give a review of the studies concerning childhood adversities and their impact on the development of anxiety disorders and major depressive disorder in adulthood. METHOD: A computerized search of the MEDLINE database of publications up to 31 March 2016 was done, using the keywords "childhood adversities, abuse, maltreatment, bullying" and "anxiety disorders, depressive disorder"...
December 22, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326533/dysregulated-fear-social-inhibition-and-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-a%C3%A2-replication-and-extension
#4
Kristin A Buss, Elizabeth L Davis, Nilam Ram, Michael Coccia
Behavioral inhibition indicates increased risk for development of social anxiety. Recent work has identified a pattern of dysregulated fear (DF), characterized by high fear in low-threat situations, that provides a more precise marker of developmental risk through early childhood. This study tested a new longitudinal sample of children (n = 124) from ages 24 to 48 months. Replicating prior findings, at 24 months, we identified a pattern of fearful behavior across contexts marked by higher fear to putatively low-threat situations...
March 21, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323578/anxiety-and-its-correlates-among-young-adults-with-a-history-of-parental-cancer
#5
Christina A Metcalf, Joanna J Arch, Joseph A Greer
PURPOSE: We assessed whether experiencing parental cancer during childhood was associated with anxiety levels during young adulthood-and whether parental survival status moderated anxiety or related psychosocial outcomes. METHODS: Young adults who experienced parental cancer during their childhood (n = 68) and those who did not (n = 298) completed measures of current anxiety and family functioning. The parental cancer group completed measures of social support and life changes during the parental cancer and posttraumatic growth...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323538/relationships-between-a-dissociative-subtype-of-ptsd-and-clinical-characteristics-in-patients-with-substance-use-disorders
#6
Michaela Mergler, Martin Driessen, Ursula Havemann-Reinecke, Dirk Wedekind, Christel Lüdecke, Martin Ohlmeier, Claudia Chodzinski, Sybille Teunißen, Steffen Weirich, Detlef Schläfke, Walter Renner, Ingo Schäfer, Gertrud Koesters, Christian Dette, Olaf Reis, Elisabeth H Sylvester, Martin Hoppe, Markus Stuppe, Thomas Broese, Udo Schneider, Christina Pletke
The increasing support for a dissociative subtype of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD-D) has led to its inclusion in DSM-5. We examined relationships between PTSD-D and relevant variables in patients with substance use disorders (SUD). The sample comprised N = 459 patients with SUD. The International Diagnostic Checklist and the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale were used to diagnose PTSD. In addition, participants completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire and the Dissociative Experiences Scale. The course of SUD was assessed by means of the European Addiction Severity Index...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318454/infant-stranger-fear-trajectories-predict-anxious-behaviors-and-diurnal-cortisol-rhythm-during-childhood
#7
Carol A Van Hulle, Mollie N Moore, Kathryn Lemery-Chalfant, H Hill Goldsmith, Rebecca J Brooker
Although a robust literature has linked stable, high levels of fear across childhood to increased risk for anxiety problems, less is known about alternative pathways to anxiety. We tested two putatively normative developmental pathways of early fearfulness for their distinct associations with behavioral (anxiety-related behaviors and symptoms) and biological (diurnal cortisol) markers of anxiety risk in middle childhood in a community-based sample (n = 107). Steeper increases in fear from 6 to 36 months predicted more parent-reported anxiety symptoms at age 8 years...
March 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318338/latent-class-profiles-of-anxiety-symptom-trajectories-from-preschool-through-school-age
#8
Sarah J Kertz, Chad Sylvester, Rebecca Tillman, Joan L Luby
Anxiety typically arises early in childhood and decreases during school age. However, little is known about the earlier developmental course of anxiety in preschool, especially in at risk children, posing a clinically important problem. Given that anxiety in youth has a chronic course for some and also predicts later development of other mental health problems, it is important to identify factors early in development that may predict chronic anxiety symptoms. At-risk children (oversampled for depression) and caregivers completed 6 assessment waves beginning at preschool age (between 3-5...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315109/mental-health-visits-examining-socio-demographic-and-diagnosis-trends-in-the-emergency-department-by-the-pediatric-population
#9
Sharon M Holder, Kenneth Rogers, Eunice Peterson, Christian Ochonma
The emergency department (ED) is increasingly being used for mental health visits by children and adolescents. It is estimated that 21-23% of youth have a diagnosable psychiatric or substance use disorder. Using data from the ED of a tertiary medical center, we examined trends in mental health diagnoses over a 5-year period. In school age children the most prevalent diagnoses were anxiety disorders (28.4%); disorders first usually diagnosed in infancy, childhood, or adolescence (26.5%), and mood disorders (18...
March 17, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314952/stress-related-salivary-alpha-amylase-saa-activity-in-alcohol-dependent-patients-with-and-without-a-history-of-childhood-maltreatment
#10
Markus Muehlhan, Anja Höcker, Michael Höfler, Klaus Wiedemann, Sven Barnow, Ingo Schäfer
RATIONALE: Alcohol-dependent (AD) patients with a history of childhood maltreatment (CM) have shown a more severe clinical profile and a higher risk of relapse than those without CM. It was hypothesized that stress responsivity plays an important role in moderating the relationship between CM and AD. Surprisingly, systematic investigations about the stress responsivity in AD patients with CM are rare. OBJECTIVE: This study compared physiological and subjective stress responses in AD patients with and without CM as well as in healthy controls with and without CM...
March 18, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303109/the-effect-of-abuse-history-on-adolescent-patients-with-feeding-and-eating-disorders-treated-through-psychodynamic-therapy-comorbidities-and-outcome
#11
Annamaria M Strangio, Lucio Rinaldi, Gianluigi Monniello, Leuconoe Grazia Sisti, Chiara de Waure, Luigi Janiri
OBJECTIVES: The first aim of our study was to compare the characteristics and comorbidities of patients with eating disorders between those who suffered from a childhood abuse and those who did not. Our second aim was to analyze the differences in the outcome of the psychodynamic therapy between abused and not abused patients. METHODS: Twenty-six adolescent patients with eating disorders were assessed. Adolescent were evaluated by a single expert psychiatrist by checklists and questionnaires: EDI 3, SCL 90, BIS11, Dissociative Experiences Scale, Global Assessment of Functioning, SCID II, and CTQ-Self control (SF)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292649/increased-methylation-of-glucocorticoid-receptor-gene-promoter-1f-in-peripheral-blood-of-patients-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#12
Wei Wang, Junqin Feng, Cui Ji, Xin Mu, Qingyan Ma, Yajuan Fan, Ce Chen, Chengge Gao, Xian-Cang Ma, Feng Zhu
Previous findings on the dysfunction of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) are controversial, and the molecular mechanisms underlying such dysfunction remain unclear. We analyzed the methylation status of the NR3C1 1F promoter and the expression of glucocorticoid receptor-α isoform (GRα) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PMBCs), the basal cortisol level in serum, and a functional neuroendocrine marker for GR sensitivity in the PMBCs in 64 patients with current GAD and 85 healthy controls...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286488/evaluation-of-mother-child-agreement-and-factorial-structures-of-the-scared-questionnaire-in-an-italian-clinical-sample
#13
Simona Scaini, Anna Ogliari, Ludovica De Carolis, Laura Bellodi, Clelia Di Serio, Chiara Brombin
Background: A great part of the literature has confirmed the importance of both child and parents reports as source of factual information, especially for childhood emotional syndromes. In our study we aimed at: (i) calculating mother-child agreement and (ii) evaluating factorial structure of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) questionnaire in an Italian clinical sample. The novelty of this contribution is two-fold: first, from a clinical point of view, we investigated the parent-child agreement level and examined separately the factorial structures of both parent and child versions of the SCARED for the first time in an Italian clinical sample...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285751/androgen-treatment-effects-on-motor-function-cognition-and-behavior-in-boys-with-klinefelter-syndrome
#14
Judith L Ross, Harvey Kushner, Karen Kowal, Martha Bardsley, Shanlee Davis, Allan L Reiss, Nicole Tartaglia, David Roeltgen
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of early low-dose androgen on motor, cognitive, and behavioral function in prepubertal boys with Klinefelter syndrome (47,XXY). STUDY DESIGN: Double-blind trial of 84 boys, ages 4-12 years, randomized to oxandrolone (Ox; 0.06 mg/kg daily; n = 43) or placebo (Pl; n = 41) for 24 months. Standardized assessments were performed at baseline and every 12 months for 24 months evaluating motor, cognitive, and behavioral function...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283256/celiac-disease-is-associated-with-childhood-psychiatric-disorders-a-population-based-study
#15
Agnieszka Butwicka, Paul Lichtenstein, Louise Frisén, Catarina Almqvist, Henrik Larsson, Jonas F Ludvigsson
OBJECTIVES: To determine the risk of future childhood psychiatric disorders in celiac disease, assess the association between previous psychiatric disorders and celiac disease in children, and investigate the risk of childhood psychiatric disorders in siblings of celiac disease probands. STUDY DESIGN: This was a nationwide registry-based matched cohort study in Sweden with 10 903 children (aged <18 years) with celiac disease and 12 710 of their siblings. We assessed the risk of childhood psychiatric disorders (any psychiatric disorder, psychotic disorder, mood disorder, anxiety disorder, eating disorder, psychoactive substance misuse, behavioral disorder, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], autism spectrum disorder [ASD], and intellectual disability)...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282596/childhood-maltreatment-postnatal-distress-and-the-protective-role-of-social-support
#16
K Schury, J Zimmermann, M Umlauft, A L Hulbert, H Guendel, U Ziegenhain, I-T Kolassa
The postpartum period is a vulnerable period for women with a history of childhood maltreatment. This study investigated the association between childhood maltreatment and postnatal distress three months postpartum and examined the role of social support provided by different sources (intimate partner, parents, parents-in-law, and friends). Analyses are based on N=66 women, who were screened for maltreatment experiences shortly after parturition with the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. Their levels of postnatal distress (symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress; assessed with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the 4-Item version of the Perceived Stress Scale) and postpartum social support (measured with the Postpartum Social Support Questionnaire) were assessed three months postpartum...
March 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281629/is-the-current-usage-of-dental-general-anaesthetic-appropriate
#17
J S Lau
Ten years on: Is dental general anaesthesia in childhood a risk factor for caries and anxiety?
March 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280345/screening-for-bipolar-disorder-among-migraineurs-the-impact-of-migraine-bipolar-disorder-comorbidity-on-disease-characteristics
#18
Yigit Kivilcim, Merih Altintas, Fusun Mayda Domac, Erkal Erzincan, Huseyin Gülec
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of comorbid bipolar disorder (BD) among migraineurs and the impact of migraine-BD comorbidity on disease characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 120 adult patients diagnosed with migraine at a single tertiary care center were included in this cross-sectional study. Data on sociodemographic and migraine-related characteristics, family history of psychiatric diseases, comorbid psychiatric diseases, and first-episode characteristics were recorded...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279865/post-traumatic-stress-as-a-pathway-to-psychopathology-among-adolescents-at-high-risk-for-victimization
#19
Kelly D Cromer, Miguel T Villodas
OBJECTIVE: Victimization by violence elevates adolescents' risk for developing internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. Recent findings suggest that disruptions in developmental processes associated with post-traumatic stress (PTS) reactions may partially account for the relationship between victimization and the subsequent development of psychopathology during adolescence. The present study tested the temporal sequencing of these associations using multi-informant measurements in a large, diverse sample of adolescents at high-risk for victimization...
March 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278600/parenting-stress-among-caregivers-of-children-with-bipolar-spectrum-disorders
#20
Guillermo Perez Algorta, Heather A MacPherson, Eric A Youngstrom, Caroline C Belt, L Eugene Arnold, Thomas W Frazier, H Gerry Taylor, Boris Birmaher, Sarah McCue Horwitz, Robert L Findling, Mary A Fristad
Caregivers of psychiatrically impaired children experience considerable parenting stress. However, no research has evaluated parenting stress within the context of pediatric bipolar spectrum disorders (BPSD). Thus, the aim of this investigation was to identify predictors and moderators of stress among caregivers in the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms study. Participants included 640 children and their caregivers in the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms cohort. Children had a mean age of 9...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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