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Childhood anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641148/non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-a-new-zealand-birth-cohort
#1
Daniel D L Coppersmith, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Annette L Beautrais
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts are related, but distinct behaviors. The primary aim of the current study was to identify factors that distinguish those with different lifetime histories of self-injury. A secondary aim was to test whether lifetime history of self-injury at age 26 predicted current suicide ideation at age 32. METHODS: Participants were 26 year olds from a large birth cohort with a lifetime history of no self-injury (n = 466), a lifetime history of NSSI (n = 191), or a lifetime history of NSSI and a suicide attempt (NSSI+SA; n = 52)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640921/correction-experiences-of-severe-childhood-maltreatment-depression-anxiety-and-alcohol-abuse-among-adults-in-finland
#2
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0177252.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638703/childhood-trauma-and-negative-memory-bias-as-shared-risk-factors-for-psychopathology-and-comorbidity-in-a-naturalistic-psychiatric-patient-sample
#3
Janna N Vrijsen, Camiel T van Amen, Bauke Koekkoek, Iris van Oostrom, Aart H Schene, Indira Tendolkar
BACKGROUND: Both childhood trauma and negative memory bias are associated with the onset and severity level of several psychiatric disorders, such as depression and anxiety disorders. Studies on these risk factors, however, generally use homogeneous noncomorbid samples. Hence, studies in naturalistic psychiatric samples are lacking. Moreover, we know little about the quantitative relationship between the frequency of traumatic childhood events, strength of memory bias and number of comorbid psychiatric disorders; the latter being an index of severity...
June 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631695/-chronic-stress-and-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-systemic-scleroderma-results-of-an-interdisciplinary-study
#4
O F Seravina, T A Lisitsyna, M N Starovoytova, O V Desinova, O B Kovalevskaya, D Yu Veltishchev
AIM: To analyze of the prevalence of stressful factors and mental disorders (MDs), as well as their clinical psychopathological and clinical psychological characteristics to improve the comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of systemic scleroderma (SSD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Examinations were performed in 110 patients (predominantly women (n=97 (88.2%); mean age, 49.9±2.47 years) with a documented diagnosis of SSD (its mean duration, 7.25±0.42 years). 62 (56...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630618/perinatal-effects-of-scorpion-venoms-maternal-and-offspring-development
#5
REVIEW
Ana Leticia Coronado Dorce, Adriana do Nascimento Martins, Valquiria Abrão Coronado Dorce, Ana Leonor Abrahão Nencioni
Scorpion envenomation is a public health problem, especially in tropical and subtropical countries. Considering the high incidence of scorpionism in some areas, pregnant women and nursing mothers may be possible victims. Scorpion stings alter the release of neurotransmitters and some cytokines. These mediators act as organizers and programmers in the adequate formation of the nerves, and non-physiological concentrations of them during the brain organization originate disorders and diseases that can appear later in the life of the individual...
2017: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628781/young-children-have-social-worries-too-validation-of-a-brief-parent-report-measure-of-social-worries-in-children-aged-4-8-years
#6
Suzannah Stuijfzand, Helen F Dodd
This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Social Worries Anxiety Index for Young children (SWAIY), adapted from the Social Worries Questionnaire-Parent version (SWQ-P; Spence, 1995), as a measure of social anxiety in young children. 169 parents of children aged four to eight years from a community sample completed the SWAIY and a standardized measure of anxiety; the SWAIY was completed again two weeks later. Parents deemed the items appropriate and relevant to children of this age. The SWAIY demonstrated excellent (>0...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620924/childhood-preoperative-anxiolysis-is-sedation-and-distraction-better-than-either-alone-a-prospective-randomized-study
#7
Chrystelle Sola, Audrey Lefauconnier, Sophie Bringuier, Olivier Raux, Xavier Capdevila, Christophe Dadure
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anxiety management receives special attention in pediatric anesthesia. Different pharmacological and nonpharmacological techniques can be employed. This study was designed to assess three different strategies for childhood preoperative anxiolysis: midazolam premedication, midazolam in combination with portable Digital Video-Disk player, or video distraction strategy alone. METHODS: In this prospective randomized study, children aged 2-12 years were assigned to one of the three study groups...
June 16, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620914/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-siblings-of-the-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplantation-survivors-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-their-mothers
#8
Özge Gizli Çoban, Aslı Sürer Adanır, Esin Özatalay
Although BMT is lifesaving in many childhood diseases, it was found to be related to anxiety, depression, and PTSD in parents, and PTSD, anxiety and overall low self-esteem in siblings. Research on siblings' HRQoL is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate PTSD and HRQoL in siblings (donor and non-donor) of pediatric BMT survivors and PTSD in their mothers, compared to the healthy controls. Thirty-five siblings and their mothers and 35 healthy peers and their mothers were recruited as the study group and as the comparison group, respectively...
June 15, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619687/use-of-the-central-sensitization-inventory-csi-as-a-treatment-outcome-measure-for-chronic-spinal-pain-disorder-patients-in-a-functional-restoration-program
#9
Randy Neblett, Meredith M Hartzell, Mark Williams, Kelley R Bevers, Tom G Mayer, Robert J Gatchel
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) is a valid and reliable patient-reported instrument designed to identify patients whose presenting symptoms may be related to Central Sensitization (CS). Part A of the CSI measures a full array of 25 somatic and emotional symptoms associated with CS, and Part B asks if patients have previously been diagnosed with one or more specific Central Sensitivity Syndromes (CSSs) and related disorders. The CSI has previously been validated in a group of chronic pain patients who were screened by a trained psychiatrist for specific CSS diagnoses...
June 12, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617388/-substance-abuse-a-relationship-with-childhood-traumas
#10
A A Portnova, Yu P Sivolap
Childhood maltreatment contributes to poor mental and physical health and besides, in some cases, not only in early age but also throughout the life of the individual. Adverse effects of childhood trauma, along with depression, anxiety and other mental disorders, include predisposition to substance abuse. A reduction of child abuse may decrease the prevalence of mental disorders, including addictive disorders, and improve mental health.
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614430/effects-of-the-application-of-therapeutic-massage-in-children-with-cancer-a-systematic-review
#11
Juan Rodríguez-Mansilla, Blanca González-Sánchez, Silvia Torres-Piles, Jorge Guerrero Martín, María Jiménez-Palomares, Macarena Núñez Bellino
Objective: to learn about the effects of the use of therapeutic massage in children with cancer. Method: systematic review of controlled clinical trials The search was conducted in November 2014 in the following databases: Pubmed, CSIC, Dialnet, Scopus, Cochrane and PEDro. Inclusion criteria were: clinical trials, published in English or Spanish, analyzing the effects of massage on the different stages and types of childhood cancer (between 1 and 18 years old). Results: of 1007 articles found, 7 met the inclusion criteria...
June 8, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614354/maternal-prenatal-anxiety-and-child-comt-genotype-predict-working-memory-and-symptoms-of-adhd
#12
Kieran J O'Donnell, Vivette Glover, Jari Lahti, Marius Lahti, Rachel D Edgar, Katri Räikkönen, Thomas G O'Connor
Maternal prenatal anxiety is an important risk factor for altered child neurodevelopment but there is uncertainty concerning the biological mechanisms involved and sources of individual differences in children's responses. We sought to determine the role of functional genetic variation in COMT, which encodes catechol-O-methyltransferase, in the association between maternal prenatal anxiety and child symptoms of ADHD and working memory. We used the prospectively-designed ALSPAC cohort (n = 6,969) for our primary data analyses followed by replication analyses in the PREDO cohort (n = 425)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611594/overexpression-of-mineralocorticoid-receptors-in-the-mouse-forebrain-partly-alleviates-the-effects-of-chronic-early-life-stress-on-spatial-memory-neurogenesis-and-synaptic-function-in-the-dentate-gyrus
#13
Sofia Kanatsou, Henk Karst, Despoina Kortesidou, Rachelle A van den Akker, Jan den Blaauwen, Anjanette P Harris, Jonathan R Seckl, Harm J Krugers, Marian Joels
Evidence from human studies suggests that high expression of brain mineralocorticoid receptors (MR) may promote resilience against negative consequences of stress exposure, including childhood trauma. We examined, in mice, whether brain MR overexpression can alleviate the effects of chronic early life stress (ELS) on contextual memory formation under low and high stress conditions, and neurogenesis and synaptic function of dentate gyrus granular cells. Male mice were exposed to ELS by housing the dam with limited nesting and bedding material from postnatal day (PND) 2 to 9...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609401/randomized-controlled-trial-of-caregiver-training-for-hiv-infected-child-neurodevelopment-and-caregiver-well-being
#14
Judith K Bass, Robert Opoka, Itziar Familiar, Noeline Nakasujja, Alla Sikorskii, Jorem Awadu, Deborah Givon, Cilly Shohet, Sarah M Murray, Jura Augustinavicius, Tamar Mendelson, Michael Boivin
OBJECTIVES: HIV infection places children at neurodevelopmental risk; for young children in poverty, risk is compounded by compromised caregiving quality. The Mediational Intervention for Sensitizing Caregivers (MISC) program trained caregivers on fostering daily interactions with young children. We hypothesized that MISC could (1) enhance neurodevelopment of rural Ugandan HIV-infected children and (2) improve mental health outcomes of their caregivers, which might mediate improved caregiving quality...
June 12, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608169/continued-bullying-victimization-from-childhood-to-young-adulthood-a-longitudinal-study-of-mediating-and-protective-factors
#15
Mara Brendgen, François Poulin
Bullying in schools has severe consequences for victims' adjustment. It is unclear, however, whether victims of school bullying continue to be victimized in other contexts during adulthood. Mediating processes through which peer victimization in school increases the risk of revictimization in adulthood, as well as protective factors, also need to be explored. This study examined 1) the longitudinal association between peer victimization in school and victimization at work during young adulthood, 2) the predictive link of reactive and proactive aggression and anxious-withdrawn behavior in childhood with victimization in school and at the workplace, 3) the potential mediating role of depression symptoms, and 4) the potential protective effect of friendship support...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606495/personality-traits-in-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-pnes-and-psychogenic-movement-disorder-pmd-neuroticism-and-perfectionism
#16
Vindhya Ekanayake, Sarah Kranick, Kathrin LaFaver, Arshi Naz, Anne Frank Webb, W Curt LaFrance, Mark Hallett, Valerie Voon
OBJECTIVE: Psychogenic movement disorder (PMD) and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are two subtypes of conversion disorder (CD). In this case-control study, we asked whether these subtypes varied as a function of personality and history of childhood abuse. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients with PMD from the Human Motor Control Section Clinic at the National Institutes of Health, 43 patients with PNES from the Rhode Island Hospital Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Neurology Division, and 26 healthy volunteers (HC) received a battery of neurological, psychiatric and psychological assessments, including the NEO Personality Inventory Revised (NEO PI-R), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), and the Traumatic Life Events Questionnaire (TLEQ)...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605627/impaired-responsibility-dimension-of-self-esteem-of-brazilian-adolescents-with-epilepsy
#17
Nathália F Siqueira, Fernando L B B Oliveira, Elisabete Abib Pedroso de Souza
This study aimed to compare the self-esteem of Brazilian adolescents with epilepsy and Brazilian adolescents without this condition and the correlations between self-esteem of these adolescents with depression and anxiety symptoms. Study participants were 101 adolescents of both sexes, aged 10-19years old, from elementary and high school education. Fifty patients diagnosed with uncomplicated epilepsy attending the pediatric epilepsy clinic of University Hospital composed the case group. The other fifty-one adolescents without this diagnosis were attending public schools in Campinas-SP region...
June 9, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601668/developmental-and-clinical-predictors-of-comorbidity-for-youth-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#18
Tara S Peris, Michelle Rozenman, R Lindsey Bergman, Susanna Chang, Joseph O'Neill, John Piacentini
OBJECTIVE: To date, few studies of childhood obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) have been adequately powered to examine patterns and predictors of comorbidity, despite the frequency with which it occurs. We address this gap, drawing on a large sample of youth with OCD who were systematically assessed through research and clinical programs in a university-based specialty program for children and adolescents with OCD. We examine patterns of comorbidity across different epochs of development and predict specific classes of OCD (comorbidity internalizing/externalizing/both) from key demographic and clinical variables that may be useful in guiding individualized treatment...
October 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599145/telomere-length-in-alcohol-dependence-a-role-for-impulsive-choice-and-childhood-maltreatment
#19
Jee In Kang, Syung Shick Hwang, Jong Rak Choi, Seung-Tae Lee, Jieun Kim, In Sik Hwang, Hae Won Kim, Chan-Hyung Kim, Se Joo Kim
Telomere shortening, a marker of cellular aging, has been considered to be linked with psychosocial stress as well as with chronic alcohol consumption, possibly mediated by oxidative stress and inflammatory response. Recent findings suggested that early life adversity on telomere dynamics may be related to impulsive choice. To further our understanding of the association of impulsive choice and childhood trauma on telomere length, we examined whether delayed discounting and childhood trauma or their interaction is related to leukocyte telomere length, while controlling for multiple potential confounding variables, in patients with alcohol dependence who are considered to have higher impulsive choice and shorter telomere length...
May 31, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599024/anxiety-disorders-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-primary-care-approach
#20
Sabrina Fernandez
Fears and worries are normal feelings that help us adapt to the ups and downs of life. Those ups and downs are especially normal as children and adolescents grow up and try to find where they fit in the world. With changing relationships at home and in social circles, they are establishing their worldview and solidifying their identity. These feelings of fear and worry can sometimes become overwhelming, and anxiety disorders can develop. Anxiety disorders are the most common psychiatric disorders with onset in childhood...
June 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
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