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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638563/extraskeletal-myxoid-chondrosarcoma-of-the-masticator-space-in-a-pediatric-patient
#1
Mário-José Romañach, Román Carlos, Michel Nuyens, Bruno-Augusto-Benevenuto de Andrade, Oslei-Paes de Almeida
Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma (EMC) is a malignant soft-tissue neoplasm rarely described in the head and neck region of children and adolescents. We describe a case of EMC affecting the masticator space and a literature review. A 13-year-old boy who presented a large painless, diffuse mass causing progressive midfacial asymmetry of 6 months duration. Histopathological evaluation revealed a multinodular lesion, containing scattered round vacuolated tumor cells dispersed in an abundant myxoid stroma, separated by fibrous septae...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636582/bilateral-dmpfc-rtms-leads-to-sustained-remission-in-geriatric-treatment-resistant-depression-a-case-report
#2
David Sender, Bruno Palazzo Nazar, Tathiana Baczynski, Flávia Paes, Peter Fettes, Jonathan Downar, Carlos Campos, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Sergio Machado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634776/evidence-supporting-the-internal-validity-of-the-proposed-nd-pae-disorder
#3
Julie A Kable, Claire D Coles
The internal validity of the proposed Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE) was evaluated in children diagnosed with either Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) or partial FAS who were 3-10 years of age and had enrolled in a math intervention study. Symptoms were coded as present or absent using assessments conducted in the study, including standardized measures of neurocognitive and behavioral functioning, parent interview, and direct observations of the child. The number of endorsed ND-PAE symptoms was not related to environmental factors but was moderately related to the child's age...
June 20, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632983/a-descriptive-study-of-a-community-based-home-visiting-program-with-preschool-children-prenatally-exposed-to-alcohol
#4
Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Sayma Malik, Julia Wellwood, Karen Johnston, Holly Gammon, Kathy N Andrew, Breann Maxwell, Sally Longstaffe
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) increases the risk of insecure caregiver-child attachment and related negative child emotional-behavioural outcomes. Research also shows positive effects of attachment-focused interventions in preventing disrupted caregiver-child attachment relationships; however, such interventions have not been specifically adapted for children with FASD. OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the implementation, challenges, and results of a community home-based attachment intervention, Circle of Security® (COS), with preschool children affected by PAE/FASD in Manitoba, Canada...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620419/periplaneta-americana-extracts-promote-skin-wound-healing-via-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-canonical-pathway-and-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinase-signaling
#5
Qin Song, Qiheng Gou, Yuxin Xie, Zhen Zhang, Chaomei Fu
Periplaneta americana extracts (PAEs) exhibit wound healing properties. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are not well understood. Here, we treated human skin fibroblasts (HSF) with PAE and the proliferation was determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The wound healing and transwell migration assays were used to detect cell migration. Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathways were analyzed by Western blot (WB)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614355/the-african-cynodont-aleodon-cynodontia-probainognathia-in-the-triassic-of-southern-brazil-and-its-biostratigraphic-significance
#6
Agustín G Martinelli, Christian F Kammerer, Tomaz P Melo, Voltaire D Paes Neto, Ana Maria Ribeiro, Átila A S Da-Rosa, Cesar L Schultz, Marina Bento Soares
In this contribution we report the first occurrence of the enigmatic African probainognathian genus Aleodon in the Middle-early Late Triassic of several localities from the state of Rio Grande do Sul in southern Brazil. Aleodon is unusual among early probainognathians in having transversely-expanded postcanine teeth, similar to those of gomphodont cynognathians. This genus was previously known from the Manda Beds of Tanzania and the upper Omingonde Formation of Namibia. The Brazilian record of this genus is based upon multiple specimens representing different ontogenetic stages, including three that were previously referred to the sectorial-toothed probainognathian Chiniquodon theotonicus...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609669/sex-differences-in-associations-between-white-matter-microstructure-and-gonadal-hormones-in-children-and-adolescents-with-prenatal-alcohol-exposure
#7
K A Uban, M M Herting, J R Wozniak, E R Sowell
Despite accumulating evidence from animal models demonstrating that prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) results in life-long neuroendocrine dysregulation, very little is known on this topic among humans with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). We expected that alterations in gonadal hormones might interfere with the typical development of white matter (WM) myelination, and in a sex-dependent manner, in human adolescents with FASD. In order to investigate this hypothesis, we used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to assess: 1) whether or not sex moderates the impact of PAE on WM microstructure; and 2) how gonadal hormones relate to alterations in WM microstructure in children and adolescents affected by PAE...
May 26, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609269/corifollitropin-alfa-compared-to-daily-rfsh-or-hp-hmg-in-gnrh-antagonist-controlled-ovarian-stimulation-protocol-for-patients-undergoing-assisted-reproduction
#8
Priscila Morais Galvão Souza, Bruno Ramalho de Carvalho, Hitomi Miura Nakagawa, Thalita Reis Esselin Rassi, Antônio César Paes Barbosa, Adelino Amaral Silva
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the outcomes of controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) with corifollitropin alfa versus daily recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (rRFSH) or highly purified human menopausal gonadotropin (HP-HMG) in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles based on gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist protocols. The primary endpoints were total number of oocytes and mature oocytes. METHODS: This retrospective study looked into 132 controlled ovarian stimulation cycles from IVF or oocyte cryopreservation performed in a private human reproduction center between January 1 and December 31, 2014...
June 1, 2017: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608920/facial-curvature-detects-and-explicates-ethnic-differences-in-effects-of-prenatal-alcohol-exposure
#9
Michael Suttie, Leah Wetherill, Sandra W Jacobson, Joseph L Jacobson, H Eugene Hoyme, Elizabeth R Sowell, Claire Coles, Jeffrey R Wozniak, Edward P Riley, Kenneth L Jones, Tatiana Foroud, Peter Hammond
BACKGROUND: Our objective is to help clinicians detect the facial effects of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) by developing computer based tools for screening facial form. METHODS: All 415 individuals considered were evaluated by expert dysmorphologists and categorized as 1) healthy control (HC), 2) fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) or 3) heavily prenatally alcohol exposed (HE) but not clinically diagnosable as FAS. 3D facial photographs were used to build models of facial form to support discrimination studies...
June 13, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604808/a-korean-validation-study-of-the-clinically-useful-anxiety-outcome-scale-comorbidity-and-differentiation-of-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders
#10
Sang Won Jeon, Changsu Han, Young-Hoon Ko, Seoyoung Yoon, Chi-Un Pae, Joonho Choi, Jae-Min Kim, Ho-Kyoung Yoon, Hoseon Lee, Ashwin A Patkar, Mark Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Korean version of the Clinically Useful Anxiety Outcome Scale (CUXOS) and to examine the current diagnostic comorbidity and differential severity of anxiety symptoms between major depressive disorder (MDD) and anxiety disorders. METHODOLOGY: In total, 838 psychiatric outpatients were analyzed at their intake appointment. Diagnostic characteristics were examined using the structured clinical interview from the DSM-IV because the DSM5 was not available at the start of the study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604286/growth-functional-capacities-and-motivation-for-achievement-and-competitiveness-in-youth-basketball-an-interdisciplinary-approach
#11
Humberto Moreira Carvalho, Carlos E Gonçalves, Dave Collins, Roberto R Paes
The interaction of multiple influences on the path to sport success is not yet fully understood by sport scientists. In this study, we examined variation in body size, functional capacities and motivation for achievement, competitiveness and deliberate practice of youth basketball players associated with differences in biological maturity status, chronological age and years of training experience. Reflecting the importance of interactive effects, we examined the relationships between the psychological variables and functional capacities...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600622/functional-popliteal-artery-entrapment-syndrome-use-of-ultrasound-guided-botox-injection-as-a-non-surgical-treatment-option
#12
Matthew Hislop, Adam Brideaux, Sanjay Dhupelia
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether ultrasound-guided injection of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) is a viable alternative to surgical intervention for the treatment of functional popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven patients met diagnostic criteria confirming the presence of functional PAES and agreed to go ahead with ultrasound-guided BTX-A injection at the level of artery occlusion. Patients were assessed and treated at baseline and given the option for 'top-up' injections at 6 and 12 months...
June 9, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598698/beyond-serotonin-newer-antidepressants-in-the-future
#13
Gopalkumar Rakesh, Chi-Un Pae, Prakash S Masand
There are numerous antidepressants for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) on the market. However, inadequate treatment response, therapeutic lag between drug administration and the onset of clinical improvement, and safety/tolerability issues with the use of contemporary antidepressants have accelerated the search for newer antidepressants with novel mechanisms of action. Areas covered: The authors review novel antidepressants with rapid efficacy for diverse MDD symptoms and have fewer adverse effects (AEs)...
June 19, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595570/plant-pectin-acetylesterase-structure-and-function-new-insights-from-bioinformatic-analysis
#14
Florian Philippe, Jérôme Pelloux, Catherine Rayon
BACKGROUND: Pectins are plant cell wall polysaccharides that can be acetylated on C2 and/or C3 of galacturonic acid residues. The degree of acetylation of pectin can be modulated by pectin acetylesterase (EC 3.1.1.6, PAE). The function and structure of plant PAEs remain poorly understood and the role of the fine-tuning of pectin acetylation on cell wall properties has not yet been elucidated. RESULTS: In the present study, a bioinformatic approach was used on 72 plant PAEs from 16 species among 611 plant PAEs available in plant genomic databases...
June 8, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593442/remodeling-of-heterochromatin-structure-slows-neuropathological-progression-and-prolongs-survival-in-an-animal-model-of-huntington-s-disease
#15
Junghee Lee, Yu Jin Hwang, Yunha Kim, Min Young Lee, Seung Jae Hyeon, Soojin Lee, Dong Hyun Kim, Sung Jae Jang, Hyoenjoo Im, Sun-Joon Min, Hyunah Choo, Ae Nim Pae, Dong Jin Kim, Kyung Sang Cho, Neil W Kowall, Hoon Ryu
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal-dominant inherited neurological disorder caused by expanded CAG repeats in exon 1 of the Huntingtin (HTT) gene. Altered histone modifications and epigenetic mechanisms are closely associated with HD suggesting that transcriptional repression may play a pathogenic role. Epigenetic compounds have significant therapeutic effects in cellular and animal models of HD, but they have not been successful in clinical trials. Herein, we report that dSETDB1/ESET, a histone methyltransferase (HMT), is a mediator of mutant HTT-induced degeneration in a fly HD model...
June 7, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592969/corrigendum-to-pharmacogenetics-of-risperidone-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-children-and-adolescents
#16
Amilton Dos Santos-Júnior, Taciane Barbosa Henriques, Maricilda Palandi de Mello, Osmar Henrique Della Torre, Lúcia Arisaka Paes, Adriana Perez Ferreira-Neto, Letícia Esposito Sewaybricker, Thiago Salum Fontana, Eloisa Helena Rubello Valler Celeri, Gil Guerra-Júnior, Paulo Dalgalarrondo
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/5872423.].
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588518/-i-want-it-all-and-i-want-it-now-lifetime-prevalence-and-reasons-for-using-and-abstaining-from-controlled-performance-and-appearance-enhancing-substances-paes-among-young-exercisers-and-amateur-athletes-in-five-european-countries
#17
Lambros Lazuras, Vassilis Barkoukis, Andreas Loukovitis, Ralf Brand, Andy Hudson, Luca Mallia, Michalis Michaelides, Milena Muzi, Andrea Petróczi, Arnaldo Zelli
Doping use in recreational sports is an emerging issue that has received limited attention so far in the psychological literature. The present study assessed the lifetime prevalence of controlled performance and appearance enhancing substances (PAES), and used behavioral reasoning theory to identify the reasons for using and for avoiding using controlled PAES in young exercisers across five European countries, in the context of the "SAFE YOU" Project. Participants were 915 young amateur athletes and exercisers (M = 21...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580296/cortical-gyrification-is-abnormal-in-children-with-prenatal-alcohol-exposure
#18
Timothy J Hendrickson, Bryon A Mueller, Elizabeth R Sowell, Sarah N Mattson, Claire D Coles, Julie A Kable, Kenneth L Jones, Christopher J Boys, Kelvin O Lim, Edward P Riley, Jeffrey R Wozniak
OBJECTIVES: Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) adversely affects early brain development. Previous studies have shown a wide range of structural and functional abnormalities in children and adolescents with PAE. The current study adds to the existing literature specifically on cortical development by examining cortical gyrification in a large sample of children with PAE compared to controls. Relationships between cortical development and intellectual functioning are also examined. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Included were 92 children with PAE and 83 controls ages 9-16 from four sites in the Collaborative Initiative on FASD (CIFASD)...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579455/killing-kinetics-of-minocycline-doxycycline-and-tosufloxacin-against-macrolide-resistant-mycoplasma-pneumoniae
#19
Miyuki Morozumi, Takafumi Okada, Takeshi Tajima, Kimiko Ubukata, Satoshi Iwata
Macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MRMP) has emerged and is increasing worldwide. In a 2011 outbreak of MRMP infections in Japan, symptoms failed to improve in many patients who initially received macrolides; the therapeutic agent was then changed to minocycline (MIN), doxycycline (DOX) or tosufloxacin (TFX). In this study, the bactericidal effects of these three agents against MRMP were evaluated. Time-kill kinetics against MRMP and macrolide-susceptible M. pneumoniae (MSMP) were determined over 5 days at concentrations corresponding to the respective minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and 2× MIC, i...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577789/nutritional-modulation-of-age-related-changes-in-the-immune-system-and-risk-of-infection
#20
REVIEW
Munkyong Pae, Dayong Wu
The immune system undergoes some adverse alterations during aging, many of which have been implicated in the increased morbidity and mortality associated with infection in the elderly. In addition to intrinsic changes to the immune system with aging, the elderly are more likely to have poor nutritional status, which further impacts the already impaired immune function. Although the elderly often have low zinc serum levels, several manifestations commonly observed during zinc deficiency are similar to the changes in immune function with aging...
May 2017: Nutrition Research
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