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Fibroid embolization

Dirk Schnapauff, Manon Russ, Thomas Kröncke, Matthias David
PURPOSE:  Purpose of this paper to present results of a group of 21 consecutive patients who underwent uterine artery embolization (UAE) immediately before myomectomy. Surgical myomectomy can lead to a substantial blood loss in case of large or multiple tumors due to the hypervascularization of the tumors. This may lead to multiple blood transfusion or hysterectomy. In cases were the preservation of the uterus is demanded, pre-operative embolization could reduce the risk of substantial bleeding...
March 7, 2018: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
Anna Maria Ierardi, Valeria Savasi, Salvatore Alessio Angileri, Mario Petrillo, Sara Sbaraini, Antonio Pinto, Francesco Hanozet, Anna Maria Marconi, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Uterine fibroids are the most common benign pelvic tumor of the female genital tract and tend to increase with age; they cause menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, pelvic pressure symptoms, back pain, and subfertility. Currently, the management is based mainly on medical or surgical approaches. The nonsurgical and minimally invasive therapies are emerging approaches that to the state of the art include uterine artery embolization (UAE), image-guided thermal ablation techniques like magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) or radiofrequency ablation (RF), and percutaneous microwave ablation (PMWA)...
2018: BioMed Research International
Annefleur Machteld de Bruijn, Paul Nm Lohle, Judith Af Huirne, Jolanda de Vries, Moniek Twisk, Wouter Jk Hehenkamp
BACKGROUND: Adenomyosis is a benign uterine disease characterized by invasion of endometrium into the myometrium resulting in heavy menstrual bleeding and pain (dysmenorrhea). Hysterectomy is established as the final treatment option when conservative treatment fails. Uterine artery embolization (UAE) in patients with symptomatic adenomyosis has demonstrated to reduce symptoms and improve quality of life. However, randomized controlled trials are lacking. OBJECTIVE: With this study, we aim to evaluate the impact of UAE on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) in a randomized comparison to hysterectomy in patients with symptomatic adenomyosis...
March 1, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
F Alabdulghani, A O'Brien, D Brophy
One of the main causes of failure in uterine fibroid embolization procedures is incomplete infarction of the fibroid due to alternate vascular supply to the fibroid which was not identified by the operator. Cone-beam computed tomography angiography was used in this case to avoid nontarget embolization via a uterine artery, as well as identify incomplete embolization of the fibroid. This prompted a search for variant vascular supply to the fibroid, which was found to be originating from the right ovarian artery...
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Eveline Thomaere, Michiel Dehairs, Annouschka Laenen, Abdoli Mehrsima, Dirk Timmerman, Sandra Cornelissen, Katya Op de Beeck, Hilde Bosmans, Geert Maleux
Background Uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) is a minimally invasive imaging-guided treatment using radiation exposure. Purpose To compare the patients' radiation exposure during UFE before and after introduction of a new X-ray imaging platform. Material and Methods Forty-one patients were enrolled in a prospective, comparative two-arm project before and after introduction of a new X-ray imaging platform with reduced dose settings, i.e. novel real-time image processing techniques (AlluraClarity). Demographic, pre-interventional imaging, and procedural data, including dose area product (DAP) and estimated organ dose on the ovaries and uterus, were recorded and angiographic quality of overall procedure was assessed...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
Piotr Szkodziak, Filip Szkodziak, Kamila Trzeciak, Piotr Czuczwar
Uterine fibroids are benign uterine tumors. In women during the reproductive period, uterine fibroids occur in about 25%, whereas after this time, they are observed in more than 40% of women. In the majority of women (about 20-50%), such tumors do not cause discomfort and do not require treatment. Asymptomatic uterine fibroids usually undergo only regular medical control, whereas symptomatic fibroids are an indication for treatment. Current treatment methods include surgical, pharmacological and minimally invasive treatment...
December 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
Maria A Rueda, Celia Riga, Mohamad S Hamady
Interventional Radiology procedures, equipment and techniques as well as image guidance have developed dramatically over the last few decades. The evidence for minimally invasive interventions in vascular and oncology fields is rapidly growing and several procedures are considered the first line management. However, radiation exposure, image guidance and innovative solutions to known anatomical challenges are still lagging behind. Robotic technology and its role in surgery have been developing at a steady speed...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Chandan J Das, Deepak Rathinam, Smita Manchanda, D N Srivastava
Percutaneous vascular embolization plays an important role in the management of various gynecologic and obstetric abnormalities. Transcatheter embolization is a minimally invasive alternative procedure to surgery with reduced morbidity and mortality, and preserves the patient's future fertility potential. The clinical indications for transcatheter embolization are much broader and include many benign gynecologic conditions, such as fibroid, adenomyosis, and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), as well as intractable bleeding due to inoperable advanced-stage malignancies...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Carmine Di Stasi, Alessandro Cina, Francesco Rosella, Andrea Paladini, Sonia Amoroso, Daniela Romualdi, Riccardo Manfredi, Cesare Colosimo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effectiveness and safety of UFE as alternative to surgery, in treatment of uterine fibromatosis. METHODS/MATERIALS: 255 patients (aged 26-55) with symptomatic UF, indication for surgery, followed in our center (2000-2014), single or multiple fibroids, pain and/or functional/compressive disorders, underwent embolization: injection of PVA particles (150-900 μm) from distal portion of uterine arteries (ascending section). Primary end-point: flow-stop distally to injection site, disappearance of lesion design, preservation of flow in main trunk of UA...
January 22, 2018: La Radiologia Medica
Timothy E Murray, Tayyaub Mansoor, Dermot J Bowden, Damien C O'Neill, Michael J Lee
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Investigators aimed to assess online information describing uterine artery embolization (UAE) to examine the quality and readability of websites patients are accessing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A list of applicable, commonly used searchable terms was generated, including "Uterine Artery Embolization," "Fibroid Embolization," "Uterine Fibroid Embolization," and "Uterine Artery Embolisation." Each possible term was assessed across the five most-used English language search engines to determine the most commonly used term...
January 10, 2018: Academic Radiology
Janice Newsome, Jonathan G Martin, Zachary Bercu, Jay Shah, Haris Shekhani, Gail Peters
Interventional radiologists are often called for emergent control of abnormal uterine bleeding. Bleeding, even heavy bleeding as a result of uterine fibroids is not a common emergent procedure; instead, pregnancy and pregnancy related conditions, trauma and malignancy associated with bleeding can be the source of many interventional radiology on call events or procedures. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the most common cause, and is defined as blood loss of 500mL after vaginal delivery or 1000mL after cesarean section...
December 2017: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Katherine Jane C Chua, Bruce McLucas
We present a case study of a patient who underwent uterine artery embolization (UAE) using Gelfoam™ (Pfizer, New York, NY, USA) and had a subsequent pregnancy. Our patient, a 38-year-old female (4 Gravida/2 Para), underwent UAE for treatment of symptomatic myoma in September 2005. At the patient's seven-month post procedure visit, she experienced a 43.9% volume reduction in uterine size and 74.5% reduction in volume of the largest fibroid and relief of bulk symptoms and menorrhagia. The patient had a term delivery of healthy twin infants 15 months post embolization...
November 27, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
Jacques Donnez, Olivier Donnez, Marie-Madeleine Dolmans
Uterine fibroids (also known as leiomyomas or myomas) are the most common form of benign uterine tumors. Current management strategies mainly involve surgical interventions, but the choice of treatment is guided by patient's age and desire to preserve fertility or avoid "radical" surgery. Surgical and non-surgical approaches include hysterectomy myomectomy by hysteroscopy, myomectomy by laparotomy or laparoscopy, uterine artery embolization, and magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery...
January 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Pedro Felipe Magalhães Peregrino, Marcos de Lorenzo Messina, Ricardo Dos Santos Simões, José Maria Soares-Júnior, Edmund Chada Baracat
Uterine leiomyoma is the most frequently occurring solid pelvic tumor in women during the reproductive period. Magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound is a promising technique for decreasing menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea in symptomatic women. The aim of this study is to review the role of Magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound in the treatment of uterine fibroids in symptomatic patients. We performed a review of the MEDLINE and Cochrane databases up to April 2016. The analysis and data collection were performed using the following keywords: Leiomyoma, High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation, Ultrasonography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Menorrhagia...
October 2017: Clinics
Marquisette Glass Lewis, Olúgbémiga T Ekúndayò
Hysterectomy, the driving force for symptomatic uterine fibroids since 1895, has decreased over the years, but it is still the number one choice for many women. Since 1995, uterine artery embolization (UAE) has been proven by many researchers to be an effective treatment for uterine fibroids while allowing women to keep their uteri. The preponderance of data collection and research has focused on care quality in terms of efficiency and effectiveness, with little on location and viability related to care utilization, accessibility and physical availability...
May 16, 2017: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
Christopher D Malone, Arjun Banerjee, Marcus T Alley, Shreyas S Vasanawala, Anne C Roberts, Albert Hsiao
OBJECTIVE: We report here an initial experience using 4D flow MRI in pelvic imaging-specifically, in imaging uterine fibroids. We hypothesized that blood flow might correlate with fibroid volume and that quantifying blood flow might help to predict the amount of embolic required to achieve stasis at subsequent uterine fibroid embolization (UFE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients with uterine fibroids and seven control subjects underwent pelvic MRI with 4D flow imaging...
January 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Ruediger E Schernthaner, Reham R Haroun, Sonny Nguyen, Rafael Duran, Jae Ho Sohn, Sonia Sahu, Julius Chapiro, Yan Zhao, Alessandro Radaelli, Imramsjah M van der Bom, Maria Mauti, Kelvin Hong, Jean-François H Geschwind, MingDe Lin
PURPOSE: To compare image quality and radiation exposure between a new angiographic imaging system and the preceding generation system during uterine artery embolization (UAE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective, IRB-approved two-arm study, 54 patients with symptomatic uterine fibroids were treated with UAE on two different angiographic imaging systems. The new system includes optimized acquisition parameters and real-time image processing algorithms. Air kerma (AK), dose area product (DAP) and acquisition time for digital fluoroscopy (DF) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were recorded...
October 31, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
K Karlsen, A Hrobjartsson, M Korsholm, O Mogensen, P Humaidan, P Ravn
PURPOSE: The impact of uterine artery embolization (UAE) for the purpose of diminishing the effect of uterine fibroids on fertility is unclear. We have investigated the reported rates of pregnancy and miscarriage after treatment of uterine fibroids with UAE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched for relevant information in PubMed and Embase for randomized controlled trials (RCT), controlled clinical trials, comparative before-after trials, cohort studies, case-control studies and case series where UAE treatment of premenopausal women was performed for uterine fibroids with and where a control intervention was included...
October 20, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Annefleur M de Bruijn, Marieke Smink, Paul N M Lohle, Judith A F Huirne, Jos W R Twisk, Caroline Wong, Linda Schoonmade, Wouter J K Hehenkamp
The effect of uterine artery embolization (UAE) on symptomatic adenomyosis was evaluated in a systematic review and meta-analysis. Four groups were evaluated: short-term (< 12 months) pure adenomyosis, short-term adenomyosis with fibroids (combined adenomyosis), long-term (> 12 months) pure adenomyosis, and long-term combined adenomyosis. Improvement of symptoms occurred in 83.1% (872/1,049) of patients. Reported symptom reduction was 4.8% greater in the short-term combined group (P = .169) and 11.4% greater in the long-term combined group (P = ...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Yelena Havryliuk, Robert Setton, John J Carlow, Barry D Shaktman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Symptomatic uterine fibroids are a societal and healthcare burden with no clear consensus among medical professionals as to which procedural treatment is most appropriate for each symptomatic patient. Our purpose was to determine whether recommendations can be made regarding best practice based on review and analysis of the literature since 2006. DATABASE: A systematic search of journal articles relevant to the treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids was performed within PubMed, clinical society websites, and medical device manufacturers' websites...
July 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
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