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Central Venous Pressure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666098/a-misplaced-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-presenting-as-contralateral-pleural-effusion
#1
Jogender Kumar, Sudeep K C, Kanya Mukhopadhyay, Somosri Ray
A preterm neonate born at 27 weeks, with a birth weight of 555 g, was on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for apnoea of prematurity and initially received total parenteral nutrition (TPN) through the umbilical venous catheter. Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) was inserted in the left basilica vein on day 8 to continue TPN. The baby developed respiratory distress with persistent hypoxia after TPN was initiated through the PICC line. The baby required mechanical ventilation due to worsening of respiratory distress, and chest X-ray, as well as ultrasound conducted 12 hours, postinfusion of TPN revealed right-sided pleural effusion...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652273/assessment-of-the-effect-of-two-regimens-of-milrinone-infusion-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-fontan-procedure-a-randomized-study
#2
Rabie Soliman, Adel Ragheb
Objective: The aim of the study was to compare the effect of two different regimens of milrinone on hemodynamics and oxygen saturation in pediatric patients undergoing Fontan procedure. Design: This was a randomized study. Setting: Cardiac centers. Patients: This study included 116 patients undergoing Fontan procedure. Material and Methods: Group E: Milrinone was started as infusion 0.5 μg/kg/min without a loading dose at the beginning of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) followed by infusion 0...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651703/spectrum-of-histopathological-changes-in-patients-with-non-cirrhotic-portal-fibrosis
#3
Abhijit Chougule, Archana Rastogi, Rakhi Maiwall, Chhagan Bihari, Vikrant Sood, Shiv Kumar Sarin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Non-cirrhotic portal fibrosis (NCPF) is a clinical disorder characterized by features of portal hypertension in the absence of significant fibrosis. It is one of the commonest causes of portal hypertension in India. This study aimed to analyze histomorphological spectrum of NCPF in detail. METHODS AND RESULTS: There were 67 specimens from 66 patients which included 43 (65.2%) male and 23 (34.8%) female patients with a mean age of 31 years (range: 7-61 years)...
April 12, 2018: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628594/an-unusual-case-of-a-parturient-with-uncorrected-pentalogy-of-fallot-presenting-for-elective-cesarean-section-delivery-of-twins
#4
Ying Ci Ho, Sek Koon Boey, Abey Matthew Varughese Mathews, Hooi Geok See, Nian Chih Hwang
We present a 31-year-old primigravida with uncorrected pentalogy of Fallot, pregnant with monochorionic-diamniotic twins, undergoing elective lower segment cesarean section at 36 weeks gestation. Preoperative workup included a transthoracic echocardiogram which revealed a large ventricular septal defect of 1.8 cm with bidirectional shunting, a moderate size atrial septal defect of 1.8 cm with predominant left-to-right shunting, an overriding aorta, moderate right ventricular hypertrophy, and severe pulmonary valve stenosis...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618188/is-it-possible-to-reduce-intra-hospital-transport-time-for-computed-tomography-evaluation-in-critically-ill-cases-using-the-easy-tube-arrange-device
#5
Kyung Hyeok Song, Sung Uk Cho, Jin Woong Lee, Yong Chul Cho, Won Joon Jeong, Yeon Ho You, Seung Ryu, Seung Whan Kim, In Sool Yoo, Ki Hyuk Joo
OBJECTIVE: Patients are often transported within the hospital, especially in cases of critical illness for which computed tomography (CT) is performed. Since increased transport time increases the risks of complications, reducing transport time is important for patient safety. This study aimed to evaluate the ability of our newly invented device, the Easy Tube Arrange Device (ETAD), to reduce transport time for CT evaluation in cases of critical illness. METHODS: This prospective randomized control study included 60 volunteers...
March 2018: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614507/renoprotective-postoperative-monitoring-what-is-the-best-method-for-computing-renal-perfusion-pressure-an-observational-prospective-multicentre-study
#6
Csaba Kopitko, Laszlo Medve, Tibor Gondos
BACKGROUND: Low mean arterial pressure (MAP) is a well-known risk factor for postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI), but probably it is not the sole hemodynamic parameter that can influence the development of renal failure. There are data in cardiac patients supporting the role of renal venous congestion in the development of AKI. The aim of our study was to determine a combination of factors best predicting the development of AKI. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively for adult patients admitted after major abdominal surgery to 9 Hungarian intensive care units...
April 3, 2018: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610163/recanalization-of-occluded-central-veins-in-a-parenteral-nutrition-dependent-child-with-no-access
#7
Patrick M Sullivan, Russell Merritt, Juan Carlos Pelayo, Frank F Ing
Central venous thromboses are common and pose challenges in the care of chronically ill pediatric patients. Among patients with intestinal failure (most commonly because of short bowel syndrome) who depend on parenteral nutrition, progressive loss of central venous access sites is a potentially fatal complication. We present the case of a 5-year-old girl with parenteral nutrition-dependent short bowel syndrome and no remaining standard central venous access sites despite medical anticoagulation, in whom angioplasty and stent implantations were used to reconstruct chronically occluded central veins...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606683/pulmonary-artery-central-venous-pressure-monitoring-in-adults
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602488/femoral-arterial-and-central-venous-catheters-in-the-trauma-resuscitation-room
#9
S R Hamada, M Fromentin, M Ronot, T Gauss, A Harrois, J Duranteau, C Paugam-Burtz
BACKGROUND: Arterial and central venous femoral catheters (fAC-CVC) use during the initial management of severe trauma patients is not a standard technique in most trauma centers. Arguments in favor of their use are: continuous monitoring of blood pressure, safe drug administration, easy blood sampling and potentially large bore venous access. The lack of evidence makes the practice heterogeneous. The aim of the present study was to describe the use and complications of fAC-CVC in the trauma bay in two centers where they are routinely used...
March 23, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593416/influence-of-stroke-volume-variation-on-fluid-treatment-and-postoperative-complications-in-thoracic-surgery
#10
Cengiz Sahutoglu, Erbil Turksal, Seden Kocabas, Fatma Zekiye Askar
Background: Fluid management in critically ill patients usually relies on increasing preload to augment cardiac output. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate whether stroke volume variation (SVV) can guide fluid therapy and reduce complications. Patients and methods: In this retrospective study, a total of 88 patients who underwent lobectomy were divided into two groups: group 1 (SVV, n=43) and group 2 (conventional or central venous pressure [CVP], n=45). Heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, SVV (only group 1), CVP (all patients), urea, creatinine, and hemoglobin levels before and after surgery, use of fluid, blood and inotropic agents, and postoperative complications were recorded retrospectively...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588131/protective-effects-of-micronized-purified-flavonoid-fraction-mpff-on-a-novel-experimental-model-of-chronic-venous-hypertension
#11
Maria das Graças C de Souza, Fatima Zga Cyrino, Jorge J de Carvalho, Vanessa Blanc-Guillemaud, Eliete Bouskela
OBJECTIVES: To assess protective effects of micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF) on microcirculation in an original chronic model of hind limb venous hypertension with low blood flow in small animals. METHODS: Vein ligatures were performed on male hamsters, as follows: A-right femoral vein; A + B-right femoral vein and its right branch; A + C-right femoral vein and its left branch; A + B + C-right femoral and its right and left branches; D-external right iliac vein...
March 24, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578250/vasopressin-and-nitroglycerin-decrease-portal-and-hepatic-venous-pressure-and-hepato-splanchnic-blood-flow
#12
E Wisén, K Svennerholm, L S Bown, E Houltz, M Rizell, S Lundin, S-E Ricksten
BACKGROUND: Various methods are used to reduce venous blood pressure in the hepato-splanchnic circulation, and hence minimise blood loss during liver surgery. Previous studies show that combination of vasopressin and nitroglycerin reduces portal pressure and flow in patients with portal hypertension, and in this study we investigated this combination in patients with normal portal pressure. METHOD: In all, 13 patients were studied. Measurements were made twice to confirm baseline (C1 and BL), during vasopressin infusion 4...
March 26, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578169/clinical-research-of-goal-directed-fluid-therapy-in-elderly-patients-with-radical-resection-of-bladder-cancer
#13
Tie-Jun Liu, Jin-Cun Zhang, Xiao-Zeng Gao, Zhi-Bin Tan, Jian-Jun Wang, Pan-Pan Zhang, Ai-Bin Cheng, Shu-Bo Zhang
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical effect of goal-directed fluid therapy in elderly patients with radical resection of bladder cancer. Materials and Methods: Seventy-six elderly patients with radical resection of bladder cancer were selected from October 2012 to October 2014 and randomly divided into two groups, in which 38 patients received routine treatment as the control group and 38 patients received goal-directed fluid therapy based on routine treatment as the observation group...
2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573604/value-of-the-combination-of-renal-resistance-index-and-central-venous-pressure-in-the-early-prediction-of-sepsis-induced-acute-kidney-injury
#14
Jieqiong Song, Wei Wu, Yizhou He, Shilong Lin, Duming Zhu, Ming Zhong
PURPOSE: Early prediction of acute kidney injury (AKI) in septic patients is difficult. This study aimed to assess the values of renal resistive index (RI), central venous pressure (CVP), and their combination in the early prediction of sepsis-induced AKI. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed in septic patients. The variables potentially associated with AKI were recorded at admission and compared between the AKI and non-AKI groups. The variables independently associated with sepsis-induced AKI were identified using multivariable logistic regression, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) analysis was calculated...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573523/presenting-predictors-and-temporal-trends-of-treatment-related-outcomes-in-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#15
Christopher M Horvat, Heba M Ismail, Alicia K Au, Luigi Garibaldi, Nalyn Siripong, Sajel Kantawala, Rajesh K Aneja, Diane S Hupp, Patrick M Kochanek, Robert S B Clark
OBJECTIVE: This study examines temporal trends in treatment-related outcomes surrounding a diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) performance improvement intervention consisting of mandated intensive care unit admission and implementation of a standardized management pathway, and identifies physical and biochemical characteristics associated with outcomes in this population. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 1,225 children with DKA were identified in the electronic health record by International Classification of Diseases codes and a minimum pH less than 7...
March 24, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571786/dynamic-contrast-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-lymphangiography-categorization-of-imaging-findings-and-correlation-with-patient-management
#16
Sheena Pimpalwar, Ponraj Chinnadurai, Alex Chau, Mercedes Pereyra, Daniel Ashton, Prakash Masand, Rajesh Krishnamurthy, Siddharth Jadhav
OBJECTIVE: To review the technical aspects and categorize the imaging findings of dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance lymphangiography (DCMRL) and correlate the findings with patient management options. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent DCMRL between June 2012 and August 2017 at a tertiary care paediatric hospital was performed. Twenty-five DCMRL studies were performed in 23 patients (9 males, 13 females, 1 ambiguous gender) with a median age of 4 years (range: 1 month-29 years)...
April 2018: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569112/phenylephrine-increases-cardiac-output-by-raising-cardiac-preload-in-patients-with-anesthesia-induced-hypotension
#17
A F Kalmar, S Allaert, P Pletinckx, J-W Maes, J Heerman, J J Vos, M M R F Struys, T W L Scheeren
Induction of general anesthesia frequently induces arterial hypotension, which is often treated with a vasopressor, such as phenylephrine. As a pure α-agonist, phenylephrine is conventionally considered to solely induce arterial vasoconstriction and thus increase cardiac afterload but not cardiac preload. In specific circumstances, however, phenylephrine may also contribute to an increase in venous return and thus cardiac output (CO). The aim of this study is to describe the initial time course of the effects of phenylephrine on various hemodynamic variables and to evaluate the ability of advanced hemodynamic monitoring to quantify these changes through different hemodynamic variables...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564661/the-learning-curve-of-sonographic-inferior-vena-cava-evaluation-by-novice-medical-students-the-pavia-experience
#18
Santi Di Pietro, Francesco Falaschi, Alice Bruno, Tiziano Perrone, Valeria Musella, Stefano Perlini
PURPOSE: The sonographic evaluation of inferior vena cava diameters and its collapsibility-that is also defined as the caval index-has become a popular way to easily obtain a noninvasive estimate of central venous pressure. This is generally considered an easy sonographic task to perform, and according to the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) Guidelines 25 repetitions of this procedure should be sufficient to reach proficiency. However, little is known about the learning process for this sonographic technique...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563210/venous-waveform-morphological-changes-associated-with-treatment-of-symptomatic-venous-sinus-stenosis
#19
James L West, Rebecca M Garner, Garret P Greeneway, Justin R Traunero, Carol A Aschenbrenner, Jasmeet Singh, Stacey Q Wolfe, Kyle M Fargen
INTRODUCTION: Venous outflow obstruction is recognized as a contributing factor in a subset of patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Little is known about venous sinus waveform morphology or how it changes after stenting. METHODS: Fifteen patients with IIH underwent waveform recording during catheter venography and manometry. Ten patients (Group A) with venous sinus stenosis and pressure gradient ≥7 mm Hg underwent waveform recording during awake venography and during stenting under general anesthesia...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561463/local-warming-therapy-for-treating-chronic-wounds-a-systematic-review
#20
Jin-Huan Yue, Shi-Jun Zhang, Qi Sun, Zhong-Ren Sun, Xin-Xin Wang, Brenda Golianu, Ying Lu, Qinhong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Several studies suggest that local warming therapy (LWT) may help to treat chronic wounds, such as pressure ulcers, venous ulcers, arterial ulcers, and diabetic foot ulcers. However, evidence supporting the efficacy of this treatment is still incomplete. This study aimed to assess the effects of LWT in treating chronic wounds. METHODS: For this review, we searched the Cochrane Wounds Specialized Register (March 6, 2017); the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library, 2017 issue 3); Ovid MEDLINE (1946 to March 6, 2017); Ovid Embase (1974 to March 6, 2017); EBSCO CINAHL (1982 to March 6, 2017); Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (1980 to March 20, 2017); China National Knowledge Infrastructure (1980 to March 20, 2017); VIP Information (1980 to March 20, 2017) (Chinese Database); and Wanfang Data (1980 to March 20, 2017)...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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