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Sports injury, rehabilitation, injury prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671010/-biomechanical-screening-for-injury-prevention-the-importance-of-3d-motion-analysis-in-high-performance-sports
#1
REVIEW
H Dewitz, B Yildirim, P Klein
Standardized clinical diagnostic procedures cannot assess the functionality of the anatomical structures in sport-specific movement. Biomechanical screening is able to detect deficits but is not sufficiently and objectively precise with the current clinical examination tools including conventional imaging techniques. The fields of use of functional testing methods are versatile and range from injury prevention analysis, screening during rehabilitation phases up to the return-to-play decision. Using simple musculoskeletal function analysis it is difficult to assess the risk of injuries...
April 18, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584538/reducing-fear-of-reinjury-and-pain-perception-among-athletes-with-first-time-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructions-by-implementing-imagery-training
#2
Rosa M Rodriguez, Ashley Marroquin, Nicole Cosby
Injuries are an inevitable part of competitive sports as well a recreational activities. Research shows that one of the most common musculoskeletal complaints that accounts for approximately 48 out of 1,000 patients are knee related injuries.1 As noted, approximately nine percent of these knee complaints are related to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries.2 ,3 The ACL is commonly injured in contact sports via a non-contact action such as planting, cutting, landing on a hyperextended knee, or pivoting and sudden deceleration...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525033/rehabilitation-common-problems-and-solutions
#3
REVIEW
Kevin E Wilk, Christopher A Arrigo
There are numerous complications that can occur following a musculoskeletal injury or surgery in the sporting population. Prevention of the most frequent complications is the key in any successful rehabilitation program, but occasionally problems do occur. A thorough well-designed postoperative or postinjury rehabilitation program may prevent these problems. However, if complications do arise, a team approach among the parties involved in the process to develop an evidenced-based treatment program designed for the underlying complication can successfully treat these issues...
April 2018: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497620/anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-skeletally-immature-patients-early-results-using-a-hybrid-physeal-sparing-technique
#4
Robert G Willson, Regina O Kostyun, Matthew D Milewski, Carl W Nissen
Background: Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the skeletally immature patient is frequently performed in hopes of preventing new or additional chondral damage and meniscal injuries. Patients within a few years of skeletal maturity are more at risk for ACL injuries than prepubescent patients, about whom several physeal-sparing techniques have been described. Reconstruction techniques in the former higher risk group need to be better understood. Purpose: To review a series of adolescent patients with ACL injuries surgically treated with the hybrid physeal-sparing technique...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482259/-the-contributions-of-the-east-german-sports-medicine-specialist-and-neurologist-bernhard-schwarz-1918-1991-in-the-field-of-boxing
#5
Katrin Bart, Holger Steinberg
This study is the first to provide research on the East-German (GDR) sports physician and neurologist Bernhard Schwarz. It summarises Schwarz's publications from 1953 to 1966 regarding the impact of boxing on health, particularly craniocerebral injury. Also, the study analyses his work in the context of current discussions. It shows that Schwarz, who was a tenured professor and director of the Department of Psychiatry at the University Hospital of Leipzig and the physician of the GDR national boxing team, conducted systematic clinical surveys and pointed to the health impacts of boxing at an early point in time...
March 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318177/injury-recurrence-among-high-school-athletes-in-the-united-states-a-decade-of-patterns-and-trends-2005-2006-through-2015-2016
#6
K Linnea Welton, Matthew J Kraeutler, Lauren A Pierpoint, Justin H Bartley, Eric C McCarty, R Dawn Comstock
Background: As participation in high school athletics increases, so does the number of adolescents experiencing sports-related injury. Understanding injury patterns is an important component to developing and evaluating prevention and rehabilitation programs. Purpose: To analyze recurrent injury rates and patterns among high school athletes, to compare recurrent injuries with new injuries, and to evaluate injury trends over time. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239869/challenges-in-the-management-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-ruptures-in-skeletally-immature-patients
#7
Christopher J DeFrancesco, Eileen P Storey, Kevin G Shea, Mininder S Kocher, Theodore J Ganley
Although initially considered rare, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures in pediatric patients recently have increased substantially as a result of greater awareness of the injury and increased participation in youth sports. Although pediatric patients with an ACL injury and a clinically stable joint may handle the injury well and return to sports activity without requiring surgical reconstruction, young, active patients with an ACL rupture and an unstable joint may be good candidates for ACL reconstruction to prevent ongoing instability and additional joint damage...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188347/-from-boxing-to-geriatric-psychiatry-facets-from-the-work-of-east-german-social-psychiatrist-bernhard-schwarz-1918-1991
#8
REVIEW
K Bart, H Steinberg
For the first time, this study presents publications representative for the work of the neurologist and sports physician Bernhard Schwarz, whose career spans from the 1950s to the 1970s. His work is characterized by exceptional originality. Schwarz acted as the physician of the GDR national boxing team and conducted a systematic long-term study of 800 boxers. He found increased occurrences of depression, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases and suggested that these were linked to recurring craniocerebral injury...
November 29, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164130/comparison-of-an-innovative-rehabilitation-combining-reduced-conventional-rehabilitation-with-balneotherapy-and-a-conventional-rehabilitation-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-athletes
#9
Laetitia Peultier-Celli, Didier Mainard, Frank Wein, Nicolas Paris, Patrick Boisseau, Alexandre Ferry, René Gueguen, Isabelle Chary-Valckenaere, Jean Paysant, Philippe Perrin
Background: Instability of the knee, related to anterior cruciate ligament injury, is treated by surgical reconstruction. During recovery, a loss of proprioceptive input can have a significant impact. Few studies have evaluated the benefits of rehabilitation of the knee in aquatic environment on functional outcomes. Objective: This study aimed to compare an innovative rehabilitation protocol combining reduced conventional rehabilitation with aquatic rehabilitation, with a conventional rehabilitation, according to the National French Health Authority, in terms of kinetics, development of proprioceptive skills, and functional improvement of the knee...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161747/a-functional-mri-exploration-of-hamstring-activation-during-the-supine-bridge-exercise
#10
Matthew Bourne, Morgan Williams, Tania Pizzari, Anthony Shield
The single leg supine bridge (SLB) is a commonly employed strengthening exercise and is used as a clinical test for hamstring function in sports, however, little is known about the patterns of muscle activation in this task. To explore these activation patterns, nine healthy, recreationally active males underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of their thighs at rest and immediately after 5 sets of 10 repetitions of the SLB exercise. Exercise-induced increases in the transverse (T2) relaxation time of the biceps femoris long and short heads, semitendinosus and semimembranosus, were determined via signal intensity changes in pre- and post-exercise images and used as an index of muscle activation...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140162/eight-week-return-to-play-following-latarjet-shoulder-reconstruction-in-an-australian-football-player-a-case-report
#11
Myles Murphy, Marshall Stockden, Ken Withers, William Breidahl, Jonathon Charlesworth
INTRODUCTION: Anterior shoulder dislocations are a common injury in many sports resulting in extended time lost from play with an extremely high recurrence rate in young athletes playing high risk sport. Latarjet shoulder reconstruction is a common surgical procedure used to prevent subsequent dislocation with an expected rehabilitation timeframe of between four to six months before return to play. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21-year-old male Australian football player experienced two left sided shoulder dislocations before undergoing a left Latarjet shoulder reconstruction...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138604/sport-related-anxiety-current-insights
#12
REVIEW
Jessica L Ford, Kenneth Ildefonso, Megan L Jones, Monna Arvinen-Barrow
To date, much research has been devoted to understanding how anxiety can affect sport performance, both in practice and in competitive settings. It is well known that sport has the potential for high levels of stress and anxiety, and that practicing and employing a range of psychological strategies can be beneficial in anxiety management. Equally, growing evidence also suggests that anxiety can play a role in sport injury prevention, occurrence, rehabilitation, and the return to sport process. The purpose of this paper is to provide current insights into sport-related anxiety...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038953/current-concepts-in-rehabilitation-for-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability
#13
REVIEW
Richard Ma, Olubusola A Brimmo, Xinning Li, Lindsey Colbert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objectives of this review are to evaluate the current evidence-based literature and concepts surrounding rehabilitation in patients with anterior shoulder instability injuries and surgical repair. RECENT FINDINGS: The current literature evidence for shoulder rehabilitation for anterior shoulder instability and labral repair is limited. As a result, there are variations among surgeons and physical therapists in rehabilitation protocols after anterior shoulder instability injuries and repair...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021905/the-waterpolo-shoulder-paradigm-results-of-ultrasound-surveillance-at-poolside
#14
Felice Galluccio, Eleonora Bellucci, Francesco Porta, Lorenzo Tofani, Amato De Paulis, Diana Bianchedi, Tatiana Barskova, Marco Matucci-Cerinic
BACKGROUND: Waterpolo consists of a combination of swimming and throwing with close contact between players. The shoulder is the most frequently injured joint, with a combination of rotator cuff tear and tendinopathy, long head biceps tendinopathy, superior labral lesions and shoulder impingement. This unique combination is a challenge for the clinician who must determine which of these shoulder pathologies is responsible for the onset of pain and the best strategy to rehabilitate the joint and prevent recurrence...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966376/current-concepts-in-sports-injury-rehabilitation
#15
Himmat Dhillon, Sidak Dhilllon, Mandeep S Dhillon
In the modern era, rehabilitation after sports injury has become a domain for specialists, and its evolution has necessarily brought together the sports physiotherapist, the sports physician, and the orthopedic surgeon. The changing profile of sports related injury, as well as limited availability of facilities for rehabilitation in many areas of India, is a matter of concern. Elite sportspersons have some protection, but the average athlete is often left to fend for himself. Key factors in successful sports injury rehabilitation protocols are the application of modern rehabilitation protocols under appropriate supervision, appropriate and well timed surgical interventions, and judicious and need based use of pharmaceutical agents...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952868/comparison-of-thigh-muscle-strain-occurrence-and-injury-patterns-between-male-and-female-high-school-soccer-athletes
#16
Kevin M Cross, Kelly K Gurka, Susan Saliba, Mark Conaway, Jay Hertel
CONTEXT: Thigh muscles strains are among the most common injuries in high school soccer for both males and females. Similar results have been reported among collegiate soccer players, specifically for hamstring strains. In collegiate soccer, males have a higher injury rate than women although they share common injury characteristics. Currently, no studies exist comparing the injury rate or injury characteristics of thigh muscle strains between sexes playing high school soccer. OBJECTIVE: To compare thigh muscle strain injury rates and injury event characteristics among sexes participating in high school soccer...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923589/an-investigation-into-the-immediate-effects-of-pelvic-taping-on-hamstring-eccentric-force-in-an-elite-male-sprinter-a-case-report
#17
Ben Macdonald
BACKGROUND: Hamstring Injuries commonly cause missed training and competition time in elite sports. Injury surveillance studies have demonstrated high injury and re-injury rates, which have not improved across sports despite screening and prevention programmes being commonplace. The most commonly suggested intervention for hamstring prevention and rehabilitation is eccentric strength assessment and training. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case study describes the management of an elite sprinter with a history of hamstring injury...
November 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902754/wrist-pain-in-gymnasts-a-review-of-common-overuse-wrist-pathology-in-the-gymnastics-athlete
#18
Holly J Benjamin, Sean C Engel, Debra Chudzik
Injury rates among gymnasts are among the highest of any sport at the high school and collegiate level per athletic exposure. The wrist has increased injury risk due to repetitive physical stresses predisposing it to acute injury, overuse, and degenerative damage. This article will review the most common overuse wrist injuries seen in gymnasts. Prompt evaluation and management is necessary to avoid the negative sequelae that can often accompany these injuries. Little is known about effective sport-specific injury prevention strategies, but general guidelines for overuse injury prevention including limiting excessive loading of the wrist, maintaining wrist joint flexibility, an emphasis on proper technique, and incorporating wrist and general core strengthening seem beneficial...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891550/common-types-and-countermeasures-of-ankle-ligament-injury-caused-by-intense-basketball-movement
#19
H Hu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze ankle ligament injury of basketball players caused during movement, summarize injury types, analyze the causes of injury, and put forward corresponding control measures. METHODS: The author selected 3100 basketball players with ankle ligament injury during basketball movement and admitted to different hospitals from June 2011 to June 2015 for stochastic analysis. Through the literature, investigation, and observation, etc., common types of injuries of basketball players are analyzed, and damage preventive measures of basketball players are discussed, so as to find measures to prevent and treat ankle ligament injury of basketball players and promote physical rehabilitation of players, which is in favor of their better career development...
August 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884093/hamstring-injuries-update-article
#20
Lucio Ernlund, Lucas de Almeida Vieira
Hamstring (HS) muscle injuries are the most common injury in sports. They are correlated to long rehabilitations and have a great tendency to recur. The HS consist of the long head of the biceps femoris, semitendinosus, and semimembranosus. The patient's clinical presentation depends on the characteristics of the lesion, which may vary from strain to avulsions of the proximal insertion. The most recognized risk factor is a previous injury. Magnetic resonance imaging is the method of choice for the injury diagnosis and classification...
June 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
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