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Sports injury, rehabilitation, injury prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875495/accuracy-and-reliability-of-assessing-lateral-compartmental-leg-composition-using-dxa
#1
Christiana J Raymond, Tyler A Bosch, Foster K Bush, Lisa S Chow, Donald R Dengel
PURPOSE: Investigate the accuracy and reliability of a novel dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanning method in the frontal plane for total, fat, and lean mass quantification of the anterior and posterior upper leg compartments. METHODS: Twenty-one (11 female; X[Combining Overline]age=20.3±1.3 yrs) college athletes were assessed for total and regional body composition using DXA. Segmentation of anterior/posterior thigh compartments was measured with participants lying on their right and left sides and the scanned leg elevated with two foam pads...
November 21, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755283/hip-biomechanics-are-altered-in-male-runners-with-achilles-tendinopathy
#2
Mark W Creaby, Conor Honeywill, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, Anthony G Schache, Kay M Crossley
PURPOSE: Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is a prevalent injury in running sports. Understanding the biomechanical factors associated with AT will assist in its management and prevention. The purpose of this study was to compare hip and ankle kinematics and kinetics in runners with and without AT. METHODS: Fourteen male runners with AT and eleven healthy male runners (CTRL) ran over-ground whilst lower-limb joint motion and ground reaction force data were synchronously captured...
October 17, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734019/predictors-of-revision-surgery-after-primary-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#3
Mohammad A Yabroudi, Haukur Björnsson, Andrew D Lynch, Bart Muller, Kristian Samuelsson, Majd Tarabichi, Jón Karlsson, Freddie H Fu, Christopher D Harner, James J Irrgang
BACKGROUND: Revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery occurs in 5% to 15% of individuals undergoing ACL reconstruction. Identifying predictors for revision ACL surgery is of essence in the pursuit of creating adequate prevention programs and to identify individuals at risk for reinjury and revision. PURPOSE: To determine predictors of revision ACL surgery after failed primary ACL reconstruction. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
September 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728954/anterior-cruciate-ligament-repair-with-internal-brace-ligament-augmentation
#4
William T Wilson, Graeme P Hopper, Paul A Byrne, Gordon M MacKay
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using tendon or ligament autograft is the gold standard surgical treatment for acute ruptures; however, this is still associated with subsequent problems and variable outcomes. Renewed interest in healing of injured ACL tissue has led to new surgical repair techniques. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of one of the first patients to undergo this novel procedure of ACL repair with internal bracing. An internal brace is a bridging concept using braided suture tape and knotless bone anchors to reinforce ligament strength...
October 6, 2016: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682288/pedobarographic-measurements-after-repair-of-achilles-tendon-by-minimal-invasive-surgery
#5
H Ozkan, T Ege, K Koca, N Can, Y Yurttas, S Tunay
The aim of the current study was to assess the changes of plantar foot pressures with pedobarography in -patients with Achilles tendon repair by minimally -invasive surgical technique. This retrospective study consisted of 15 consecutive patients who were treated for acute Achilles' tendon repair with minimally invasive technique in our clinic in a two year period between 2010 and 2012. All patients were male. The mean age was 28.7 years (24-42) and the mean follow-up time was 2.3 years (1.5- 3). All patients had sports related Achilles' tendon rupture and all had undergone surgery in 24-48 hours...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661792/spinal-exercise-prescription-in-sport-classifying-physical-training-and-rehabilitation-by-intention-and-outcome
#6
Simon Spencer, Alex Wolf, Alison Rushton
CONTEXT: Identification of strategies to prevent spinal injury, optimize rehabilitation, and enhance performance is a priority for practitioners. Different exercises produce different effects on neuromuscular performance. Clarity of the purpose of a prescribed exercise is central to a successful outcome. Spinal exercises need to be classified according to the objective of the exercise and planned physical outcome. OBJECTIVE: To define the modifiable spinal abilities that underpin optimal function during skilled athletic performance, clarify the effect of spinal pain and pathologic conditions, and classify spinal exercises according to the objective of the exercise and intended physical outcomes to inform training and rehabilitation...
August 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632889/elastic-bandaging-for-orthopedic-and-sports-injuries-prevention-and-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review
#7
Konstantinos Fousekis, Evdokia Billis, Charalampos Matzaroglou, Konstantinos Mylonas, Constantinos Koutsojannis, Elias Tsepis
CONTEXT: Elastic bandages are commonly used in sports to treat and prevent sports injuries. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review assessing the effectiveness of elastic bandaging in orthopedic and sports injuries prevention and rehabilitation. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched the following electronic databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, EMBASE and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), with key words 'elastic bandaging' in combination, respectively, with (1) first aid, (2) sports injuries, (3) orthopedic injuries and (4) sports injuries prevention and rehabilitation...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590793/fear-of-reinjury-in-athletes-implications-for-rehabilitation
#8
Chao-Jung Hsu, Adam Meierbachtol, Steven Z George, Terese L Chmielewski
CONTEXT: A sports injury has both physical and psychological consequences for the athlete. A common postinjury psychological response is elevated fear of reinjury. OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of the implications of fear of reinjury on the rehabilitation of athletes, including clinical methods to measure fear of reinjury; the impact of fear of reinjury on rehabilitation outcomes, including physical impairments, function, and return to sports rate; and potential interventions to address fear of reinjury during rehabilitation...
September 2, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581178/we-need-to-implement-current-evidence-in-early-rehabilitation-programs-to-improve-long-term-outcome-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#9
May Arna Risberg, Hege Grindem, Britt Elin Øiestad
We like to think that we are successful in the treatment of individuals with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, but recent literature reveals that only about 60% of these individuals make a full recovery, less than 60% return to sport, and more than 50% develop knee osteoarthritis (OA) by middle age. Both short- and long-term outcomes after ACL injury and reconstruction need attention and action. We need to implement strategies early after ACL injury to prevent the development and progression of posttraumatic OA, rather than "sit and wait" until posttraumatic knee OA has developed...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490007/rehabilitation-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tears-in-children-a-systematic-review
#10
Joseph L Yellin, Peter D Fabricant, Alex Gornitzky, Elliot M Greenberg, Sara Conrad, Julie Ann Dyke, Theodore J Ganley
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are increasingly prevalent in the pediatric population. ACL rehabilitation is an essential component of recovery following injury and reconstruction, yet there are few explicit descriptions of pediatric-specific ACL rehabilitation protocols in the literature, especially in the context of varying treatment interventions. Our aim was to systematically review the literature on rehabilitation following ACL tears in children in order to describe common principles among different treatment options and areas of future research...
January 19, 2016: JBJS Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475953/core-stability-in-athletes-a-critical-analysis-of-current-guidelines
#11
Klaus Wirth, Hagen Hartmann, Christoph Mickel, Elena Szilvas, Michael Keiner, Andre Sander
Over the last two decades, exercise of the core muscles has gained major interest in professional sports. Research has focused on injury prevention and increasing athletic performance. We analyzed the guidelines for so-called functional strength training for back pain prevention and found that programs were similar to those for back pain rehabilitation; even the arguments were identical. Surprisingly, most exercise specifications have neither been tested for their effectiveness nor compared with the load specifications normally used for strength training...
July 30, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403919/head-injuries-in-soccer
#12
Karen M Myrick
UNLABELLED: Soccer is currently the most popular and fastest growing sport worldwide, with approximately 265 million registered soccer players existing around the world. The popularity of the sport, coupled with the high incidence of 18.8-21.5 head injuries per 1,000 player hours reported, make it essential that clinicians, coaches, and the athletes, have a solid understanding of head injuries. The successful rehabilitation of athletes with head injuries relies upon early and accurate identification strategies and implementation of appropriate return to play measures across all areas in the continuum of care...
July 2016: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27395448/sports-related-testing-protocols-are-required-to-reveal-trunk-stability-adaptations-in-high-level-athletes
#13
David Barbado, Luis C Barbado, Jose L L Elvira, Jaap H van Dieën, Francisco J Vera-Garcia
Trunk/core stability is considered a key component of training programs, because it could contribute to prevention of low-back and lower-limb injuries and to sports performance. Based on the specificity principle, sports-related trunk stability tests would be required in elite sports performance. However, there may be some generic qualities underlying trunk stability that can be assessed with nonspecific protocols, which are broadly used in sport and rehabilitation. To assess whether specific tests are needed in a high-performance context, we analyzed the influence of specialization in sports with large but qualitatively different balance control demands (judo and kayaking) on trunk stability and compared high-performance athletes with recreational athletes without a specific training history...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351158/-current-conservative-treatment-and-management-strategies-of-skeletal-muscle-injuries
#14
T Hotfiel, H-D Carl, B Swoboda, M Heinrich, R Heiß, C Grim, M Engelhardt
Muscle injuries frequently occur during sport and are one of the commonest injuries. The diagnosis and treatment of muscle injuries impose high demands on medical treatment, in order to ensure successful regeneration and a rapid return to sport. Most of the injuries can be treated conservatively, as skeletal muscles have a high endogenous capacity for repair and regeneration. Conservative treatment includes initial on-field therapy. This is known as the "RICE" principle and is common and recommended for initial treatment for most sports injuries...
June 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347772/psychiatric-disorders-the-psychiatrist-s-contribution-to-sport
#15
Alan Currie, Allan Johnston
Athletes experience a range of mental health problems with at least an equivalent prevalence to the general population. This chapter explores the psychiatrist's role in sport, along a pathway of mental healthcare from 'upstream' prevention, screening, and early detection of mental stress to 'downstream' assessment, treatment, rehabilitation, and recovery from mental illness. At each stage on this pathway the psychiatrist has a broad spectrum of bio-psycho-social strategies to employ in clinical practice. Upstream, the importance of psychological resilience is described along with the concept of mental 'pre-habilitation' (a term usually associated with the prevention of physical injury)...
June 27, 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299757/elastic-bandaging-for-orthopedic-and-sports-injuries-prevention-and-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review
#16
Konstantinos Fousekis, Evdokia Billis, Charalampos Matzaroglou, Konstantinos Mylonas, Constantinos Koutsojannis, Elias Tsepis
CONTEXT: Elastic bandages are commonly used in sports to treat and prevent sports injuries. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review assessing the effectiveness of elastic bandaging in orthopedic and sports injuries prevention and rehabilitation. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched the following electronic databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, EMBASE and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), with key words 'elastic bandaging' in combination, respectively, with (1) first aid, (2) sports injuries, (3) orthopedic injuries and (4) sports injuries prevention and rehabilitation...
June 14, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274432/physical-therapy-management-of-ice-hockey-athletes-from-the-rink-to-the-clinic-and-back
#17
Christopher R Wolfinger, Todd E Davenport
BACKGROUND: The increasing number of athletes playing hockey compels rehabilitation professionals working in orthopedic and sports settings to understand the unique functional demands of ice hockey and the patterns of injuries they may promote. PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical perspective is to: (1) discuss the functional implications of different positions and age levels on injury prevalence within the sport; (2) summarize the seven most common injuries sustained by ice hockey athletes; and (3) present a conceptual model for the clinical management and prevention of these injuries by rehabilitation professionals...
June 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274425/ankle-joint-control-during-single-legged-balance-using-common-balance-training-devices-implications-for-rehabilitation-strategies
#18
Mark Strøm, Kristian Thorborg, Thomas Bandholm, Lars Tang, Mette Zebis, Kristian Nielsen, Jesper Bencke
BACKGROUND: A lateral ankle sprain is the most prevalent musculoskeletal injury in sports. Exercises that aim to improve balance are a standard part of the ankle rehabilitation process. In an optimal progression model for ankle rehabilitation and prevention of future ankle sprains, it is important to characterize different balance exercises based on level of difficulty and sensori-motor training stimulus. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate frontal-plane ankle kinematics and associated peroneal muscle activity during single-legged balance on stable surface (floor) and three commonly used balance devices (Airex®, BOSU® Ball and wobble board)...
June 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27269801/upper-extremity-physical-performance-tests-in-college-athletes
#19
Jeffrey B Taylor, Alexis A Wright, James M Smoliga, J Tyler DePew, Eric J Hegedus
CONTEXT: Physical-performance tests (PPTs) are commonly used in rehabilitation and injury-prevention settings, yet normative values of upper-extremity PPTs have not been established in high-level athletes. OBJECTIVE: To establish normative data values for the Closed Kinetic Chain Upper-Extremity Stability Test (CKCUEST) and Upper-Quarter Y-Balance Test (UQYBT) in college athletes and compare results between sports and to analyze the relationship between the 2 tests...
May 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27264899/epidemiology-of-distal-radius-fractures-and-factors-predicting-risk-and-prognosis
#20
Norma J MacIntyre, Neha Dewan
STUDY DESIGN: Literature Review. INTRODUCTION: For optimal Distal Radius Fracture (DRF) rehabilitation and fracture prevention, it is important to understand the epidemiology and factors predictive of injury, chronic pain, chronic disability, and subsequent fracture. PURPOSE: To summarize the literature reporting on DRF epidemiology, risk factors, and prognostic factors. METHODS: Literature synthesis. RESULTS: Although incidence varies globally, DRFs are common across the lifespan and appear to be on the rise...
April 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
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