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Sports injury, rehabilitation, injury prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409510/combined-osteopathy-and-exercise-management-of-achilles-tendinopathy-in-an-athlete-a-case-report
#1
Georgia Ross, Chris Macfarlane, Brett Vaughan
Mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy is a common injury in sporting populations. There is conflicting evidence about the best approach to conservative management. This report focuses on the rehabilitation of an Achilles tendinopathy utilising osteopathic manual therapy (OMT) and a structured exercise program in a semi-professional volleyballer. The patient presented with a 4-month history of right mid-portion Achilles tendon pain that begun after a lateral inversion sprain of the right ankle. The primary complaint was pain impacting the patients vertical jump performance...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345409/osteoarthritis-in-football
#2
Gian M Salzmann, Stefan Preiss, Marcy Zenobi-Wong, Laurent P Harder, Dirk Maier, Jirí Dvorák
Football is currently the most popular sporting activity in the world. Multiple reports have shown that a high incidence of osteoarthritis is found in football players. Evidence clearly shows that traumatic injury significantly predisposes players for such pathophysiology. Injuries are frequent in amateur as well as professional football players, with knee and ankle accounting for the most severe injuries. Many professional athletes lose playing time due to injuries and many are forced into early retirement...
April 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322596/motor-imagery-during-action-observation-increases-eccentric-hamstring-force-an-acute-non-physical-intervention
#3
Matthew Scott, Stephen Taylor, Paul Chesterton, Stefan Vogt, Daniel Lloyd Eaves
PURPOSE: Rehabilitation professionals typically use motor imagery (MI) or action observation (AO) to increase physical strength for injury prevention and recovery. Here we compared hamstring force gains for MI during AO (AO + MI) against two pure MI training groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 3-week intervention physically fit adults imagined Nordic hamstring exercises in both legs and synchronized this with a demonstration of the same action (AO + MI), or they purely imagined this action (pure MI), or imagined upper-limb actions (pure MI-control)...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306643/accuracy-and-reliability-of-assessing-lateral-compartmental-leg-composition-using-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry
#4
Christiana J Raymond, Tyler A Bosch, Foster K Bush, Lisa S Chow, Donald R Dengel
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the accuracy and reliability of a novel dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanning method in the frontal plane for total, fat, and lean mass quantification of the anterior and posterior upper leg compartments. METHODS: Twenty-one (11 females; X¯age = 20.3 ± 1.3 yr) college athletes were assessed for total and regional body composition using DXA. The segmentation of anterior/posterior thigh compartments was measured with participants lying on their right and left sides and the scanned leg elevated with two foam pads...
April 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263670/proximal-neuromuscular-control-protects-against-hamstring-injuries-in-male-soccer-players
#5
Joke Schuermans, Lieven Danneels, Damien Van Tiggelen, Tanneke Palmans, Erik Witvrouw
BACKGROUND: With their unremittingly high incidence rate and detrimental functional repercussions, hamstring injuries remain a substantial problem in male soccer. Proximal neuromuscular control ("core stability") is considered to be of key importance in primary and secondary hamstring injury prevention, although scientific evidence and insights on the exact nature of the core-hamstring association are nonexistent at present. HYPOTHESIS: The muscle activation pattern throughout the running cycle would not differ between participants based on injury occurrence during follow-up...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224443/report-of-the-clinical-and-functional-primary-outcomes-in-men-of-the-acl-sports-trial-similar-outcomes-in-men-receiving-secondary-prevention-with-and-without-perturbation-training-1-and-2-years-after-acl-reconstruction
#6
Amelia J H Arundale, Kathleen Cummer, Jacob J Capin, Ryan Zarzycki, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: Athletes often are cleared to return to activities 6 months after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction; however, knee function measures continue to improve up to 2 years after surgery. Interventions beyond standard care may facilitate successful return to preinjury activities and improve functional outcomes. Perturbation training has been used in nonoperative ACL injury and preoperative ACL reconstruction rehabilitation, but has not been examined in postoperative ACL reconstruction rehabilitation, specifically return to sport rehabilitation...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176368/pharmacological-inhibition-of-myostatin-protects-against-skeletal-muscle-atrophy-and-weakness-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tear
#7
Caroline Nw Wurtzel, Jonathan P Gumucio, Jeremy A Grekin, Roger K Khouri, Alan J Russell, Asheesh Bedi, Christopher L Mendias
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are among the most frequent knee injuries in sports medicine, with tear rates in the US up to 250,000 per year. Many patients who suffer from ACL tears have persistent atrophy and weakness even after considerable rehabilitation. Myostatin is a cytokine that directly induces muscle atrophy, and previous studies rodent models and patients have demonstrated an upregulation of myostatin after ACL tear. Using a preclinical rat model, our objective was to determine if the use of a bioneutralizing antibody against myostatin could prevent muscle atrophy and weakness after ACL tear...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151759/patellar-tendinopathy-and-potential-risk-factors-an-international-database-of-cases-and-controls
#8
Sarah Morton, Sean Williams, Xavier Valle, David Diaz-Cueli, Peter Malliaras, Dylan Morrissey
OBJECTIVES: Numerous risk factors have been identified for patellar tendinopathy (PT), often in small population studies. The aim was to use an international online questionnaire to generate a large database and identify significant risk factors. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Private practice and sporting teams recruited from England, Spain, and Italy with the questionnaire available in all 3 languages (equivalence between online and self-administration shown previously)...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042278/restorative-rehabilitation-in-a-patient-with-sports-trauma
#9
Haroon Rashid, Fahim Vohra, Graeme R Lillywhite
Sports trauma frequently involves insult to oral soft and hard tissues resulting in loss of tooth structure and tooth loss. Multiple sporting equipment's are employed to prevent irreversible damage to oro-facial structures, and to reduce the overall cost of treatment. However in the undesired consequence of loss of oral structures, multiple treatment options are utilized to restore, esthetics, comfort and function. Osseointegrated implant supported rehabilitation of oral structures in trauma cases provides highly predictable treatment outcomes along with preservation of remaining tissues...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005191/central-nervous-system-adaptation-after-ligamentous-injury-a-summary-of-theories-evidence-and-clinical-interpretation
#10
REVIEW
Alan R Needle, Adam S Lepley, Dustin R Grooms
The array of dysfunction occurring after ligamentous injury is tied to long-term clinical impairments in functional performance, joint stability, and health-related quality of life. To appropriately treat individuals, and in an attempt to avoid sequelae such as post-traumatic osteoarthritis, investigators have sought to better establish the etiology of the persistent dysfunction present in patients who have sustained joint ligament injuries to the lower extremities. Recent evidence has suggested that changes within the brain and central nervous system may underlie these functional deficits, with support arising from direct neurophysiologic measures of somatosensory dysfunction, motor system excitability, and plasticity of neural networks...
December 22, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940174/assessment-of-evertor-weakness-in-patients-with-chronic-ankle-instability-functional-versus-isokinetic-testing
#11
Romain Terrier, Francis Degache, François Fourchet, Boris Gojanovic, Nicolas Forestier
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprain is the most common sport-related injury and eccentric weakness of ankle evertors is regarded as a significant muscular deficit related to chronic ankle instability. However, the eccentric performance of the evertors is rarely assessed by clinicians because procedures used for research purposes (i.e. isokinetic tests) are not easily applicable in daily practice. METHODS: The present study assessed the ability of two different testing procedures to distinguish between groups of 12 healthy subjects or 12 patients suffering from chronic ankle instability...
January 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914309/unique-approach-to-sensorimotor-training-with-a-new-device-combining-air-cushion-with-stochastic-translations-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Christian Mittermaier, Maximilian Schindler, Benjamin Loader, Thomas Waldhoer, Clemens Ambrozy, Richard Crevenna, Karin Pieber
Sensorimotor training with a wide variety of available devices represents an important component in rehabilitation and prevention of different sports injuries and chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a sensorimotor training with a newly developed device, which consists of an instable platform moving on an air cushion, providing dynamic balance training by tilting and unanticipated stochastic translations on postural control. Seventy-two healthy young subjects were included in this prospective, randomized, controlled, and observer-blinded study...
November 25, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875495/accuracy-and-reliability-of-assessing-lateral-compartmental-leg-composition-using-dxa
#13
Christiana J Raymond, Tyler A Bosch, Foster K Bush, Lisa S Chow, Donald R Dengel
PURPOSE: Investigate the accuracy and reliability of a novel dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanning method in the frontal plane for total, fat, and lean mass quantification of the anterior and posterior upper leg compartments. METHODS: Twenty-one (11 female; X[Combining Overline]age=20.3±1.3 yrs) college athletes were assessed for total and regional body composition using DXA. Segmentation of anterior/posterior thigh compartments was measured with participants lying on their right and left sides and the scanned leg elevated with two foam pads...
November 21, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755283/hip-biomechanics-are-altered-in-male-runners-with-achilles-tendinopathy
#14
Mark W Creaby, Conor Honeywill, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, Anthony G Schache, Kay M Crossley
PURPOSE: Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is a prevalent injury in running sports. Understanding the biomechanical factors associated with AT will assist in its management and prevention. The purpose of this study was to compare hip and ankle kinematics and kinetics in runners with and without AT. METHODS: Fourteen male runners with AT and 11 healthy male runners (CTRL) ran over ground while lower-limb joint motion and ground reaction force data were synchronously captured...
March 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734019/predictors-of-revision-surgery-after-primary-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#15
Mohammad A Yabroudi, Haukur Björnsson, Andrew D Lynch, Bart Muller, Kristian Samuelsson, Majd Tarabichi, Jón Karlsson, Freddie H Fu, Christopher D Harner, James J Irrgang
BACKGROUND: Revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery occurs in 5% to 15% of individuals undergoing ACL reconstruction. Identifying predictors for revision ACL surgery is of essence in the pursuit of creating adequate prevention programs and to identify individuals at risk for reinjury and revision. PURPOSE: To determine predictors of revision ACL surgery after failed primary ACL reconstruction. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
September 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728954/anterior-cruciate-ligament-repair-with-internal-brace-ligament-augmentation
#16
William T Wilson, Graeme P Hopper, Paul A Byrne, Gordon M MacKay
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using tendon or ligament autograft is the gold standard surgical treatment for acute ruptures; however, this is still associated with subsequent problems and variable outcomes. Renewed interest in healing of injured ACL tissue has led to new surgical repair techniques. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of one of the first patients to undergo this novel procedure of ACL repair with internal bracing. An internal brace is a bridging concept using braided suture tape and knotless bone anchors to reinforce ligament strength...
October 6, 2016: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682288/pedobarographic-measurements-after-repair-of-achilles-tendon-by-minimal-invasive-surgery
#17
H Ozkan, T Ege, K Koca, N Can, Y Yurttas, S Tunay
The aim of the current study was to assess the changes of plantar foot pressures with pedobarography in -patients with Achilles tendon repair by minimally -invasive surgical technique. This retrospective study consisted of 15 consecutive patients who were treated for acute Achilles' tendon repair with minimally invasive technique in our clinic in a two year period between 2010 and 2012. All patients were male. The mean age was 28.7 years (24-42) and the mean follow-up time was 2.3 years (1.5- 3). All patients had sports related Achilles' tendon rupture and all had undergone surgery in 24-48 hours...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661792/spinal-exercise-prescription-in-sport-classifying-physical-training-and-rehabilitation-by-intention-and-outcome
#18
Simon Spencer, Alex Wolf, Alison Rushton
CONTEXT: Identification of strategies to prevent spinal injury, optimize rehabilitation, and enhance performance is a priority for practitioners. Different exercises produce different effects on neuromuscular performance. Clarity of the purpose of a prescribed exercise is central to a successful outcome. Spinal exercises need to be classified according to the objective of the exercise and planned physical outcome. OBJECTIVE: To define the modifiable spinal abilities that underpin optimal function during skilled athletic performance, clarify the effect of spinal pain and pathologic conditions, and classify spinal exercises according to the objective of the exercise and intended physical outcomes to inform training and rehabilitation...
August 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632889/elastic-bandaging-for-orthopedic-and-sports-injuries-prevention-and-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review
#19
Konstantinos Fousekis, Evdokia Billis, Charalampos Matzaroglou, Konstantinos Mylonas, Constantinos Koutsojannis, Elias Tsepis
CONTEXT: Elastic bandages are commonly used in sports to treat and prevent sports injuries. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review assessing the effectiveness of elastic bandaging in orthopedic and sports injuries prevention and rehabilitation. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched the following electronic databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, EMBASE and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), with key words 'elastic bandaging' in combination, respectively, with (1) first aid, (2) sports injuries, (3) orthopedic injuries and (4) sports injuries prevention and rehabilitation...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590793/fear-of-reinjury-in-athletes
#20
Chao-Jung Hsu, Adam Meierbachtol, Steven Z George, Terese L Chmielewski
CONTEXT: A sports injury has both physical and psychological consequences for the athlete. A common postinjury psychological response is elevated fear of reinjury. OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of the implications of fear of reinjury on the rehabilitation of athletes, including clinical methods to measure fear of reinjury; the impact of fear of reinjury on rehabilitation outcomes, including physical impairments, function, and return to sports rate; and potential interventions to address fear of reinjury during rehabilitation...
March 2017: Sports Health
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