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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332610/improvements-in-the-conception-rate-milk-composition-and-embryo-quality-of-rabbit-does-after-dietary-enrichment-with-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids
#1
M Rodríguez, R M García-García, M Arias-Álvarez, P Millán, N Febrel, N Formoso-Rafferty, J López-Tello, P L Lorenzo, P G Rebollar
This work attempts to confirm the effect of an enriched diet with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) trying to mitigate the reproductive performances issues such as low conception rate of primiparous rabbits. A total of 127 does were fed ad libitum throughout their two first cycles with two diets with different fat sources: mixed fat in the control and salmon oil in the enriched one, with 3.19 g/100 g (n=63 does) and 28.77 g/100 g (n=64 does) of n-3 of the total fatty acid, respectively. Feed intake was similar between groups (P>0...
January 15, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332038/sex-influences-the-accuracy-of-subjective-memory-complaint-reporting-in-older-adults
#2
Erin E Sundermann, Emily C Edmonds, Lisa Delano-Wood, Douglas R Galasko, David P Salmon, Leah H Rubin, Mark W Bondi
Subjective memory complaints (SMC) are required when diagnosing amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), although their relationship with objective memory performance and Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology remains unclear. We investigated whether the sex of the patient/participant moderates these associations. Participants were 940 normal control (NC) and aMCI participants from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative. SMC were assessed via the memory scale of the Everyday Cognition questionnaire. Discrepancy scores were calculated between self- and informant-reports and categorized into "overestimates," "comparable estimates", and "underestimates" of SMC...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330030/health-impact-assessment-of-cycling-network-expansions-in-european-cities
#3
Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda, Maëlle Salmon, David Martinez, Albert Ambros, Christian Brand, Audrey de Nazelle, Evi Dons, Mailin Gaupp-Berghausen, Regine Gerike, Thomas Götschi, Francesco Iacorossi, Luc Int Panis, Sonja Kahlmeier, Elisabeth Raser, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
We conducted a health impact assessment (HIA) of cycling network expansions in seven European cities. We modeled the association between cycling network length and cycling mode share and estimated health impacts of the expansion of cycling networks. First, we performed a non-linear least square regression to assess the relationship between cycling network length and cycling mode share for 167 European cities. Second, we conducted a quantitative HIA for the seven cities of different scenarios (S) assessing how an expansion of the cycling network [i...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329864/antioxidant-and-anti-freezing-peptides-from-salmon-collagen-hydrolysate-prepared-by-bacterial-extracellular-protease
#4
RiBang Wu, CuiLing Wu, Dan Liu, XingHao Yang, JiaFeng Huang, Jiang Zhang, Binqiang Liao, HaiLun He
Extracted salmon skin collagen was hydrolysed with the free or immobilized extracellular protease of Vibrio sp. SQS2-3. The hydrolysate exhibited anti-freezing activity (>3 kDa) and antioxidant activity (<3000 Da) after ultrafiltration. The antioxidant peptide was further purified by size-exclusion chromatography and found to scavenge DPPH (73.29 ± 1.03%), OH (72.73 ± 3.34%,), and intracellular ROS in HUVECs; protect DNA against oxidation-induced damage; and have an ORAC of 2.78 ± 0...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328522/cassava-flour-slurry-as-a-low-cost-alternative-to-commercially-available-gel-for-obstetrical-ultrasound-a-blinded-non-inferiority-trial-comparison-of-image-quality
#5
Aleha Aziz, Pe'er Dar, Francine Hughes, Clemencia Solorzano, Mundenga Mutendi Muller, Christian Salmon, Margaret Salmon, Nerys Benfield
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of ultrasound images obtained with cassava flour slurry (CFS) compared to conventional gel in order to determine objectively whether CFS could be a true low-cost alternative. DESIGN: Blinded non-inferiority trial. SETTING: Obstetrical ultrasound unit in an academic medical center. POPULATION OR SAMPLE: Women with a singleton pregnancy, undergoing anatomy ultrasounds. METHODS: Thirty pregnant women had standard biometry measures obtained with CFS and conventional gel...
January 12, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327304/the-irrigation-effect-how-river-regulation-can-promote-some-riparian-vegetation
#6
Karen M Gill, Lori A Goater, Jeffrey H Braatne, Stewart B Rood
River regulation impacts riparian ecosystems by altering the hydrogeomorphic conditions that support streamside vegetation. Obligate riparian plants are often negatively impacted since they are ecological specialists with particular instream flow requirements. Conversely, facultative riparian plants are generalists and may be less vulnerable to river regulation, and could benefit from augmented flows that reduce drought stress during hot and dry periods. To consider this 'irrigation effect' we studied the facultative shrub, netleaf hackberry (Celtis reticulata), the predominant riparian plant along the Hells Canyon corridor of the Snake River, Idaho, USA, where dams produce hydropeaking, diurnal flow variation...
January 11, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323636/an-optimized-method-for-3d-fluorescence-co-localization-applied-to-human-kinetochore-protein-architecture
#7
Aussie Suzuki, Sarah K Long, Edward D Salmon
Two-color fluorescence co-localization in 3D (three-dimension) has the potential to achieve accurate measurements at the nanometer length scale. Here, we optimized a 3D fluorescence co-localization method that uses mean values for chromatic aberration correction to yield the mean separation with ~10 nm accuracy between green and red fluorescently labeled protein epitopes within single human kinetochores. Accuracy depended critically on achieving small standard deviations in fluorescence centroid determination, chromatic aberration across the measurement field, and coverslip thickness...
January 11, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321913/egg-size-and-emergence-timing-affect-morphology-and-behavior-in-juvenile-chinook-salmon-oncorhynchus-tshawytscha
#8
Karen M Cogliati, Julia R Unrein, Heather A Stewart, Carl B Schreck, David L G Noakes
Variation in early life history traits often leads to differentially expressed morphological and behavioral phenotypes. We investigated whether variation in egg size and emergence timing influence subsequent morphology associated with migration timing in juvenile spring Chinook Salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha. Based on evidence for a positive relationship between growth rate and migration timing, we predicted that fish from small eggs and fish that emerged earlier would have similar morphology to fall migrants, while fish from large eggs and individuals that emerged later would be more similar to older spring yearling migrants...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321890/nature-versus-nurture-consequences-of-short-captivity-in-early-stages
#9
Jose L Horreo, America G Valiente, Alba Ardura, Aida Blanco, Claudia Garcia-Gonzalez, Eva Garcia-Vazquez
Biological changes occurring as a consequence of domestication and/or captivity are not still deeply known. In Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), endangered (Southern Europe) populations are enhanced by supportive breeding, which involves only 6 months of captive rearing following artificial spawning of wild-collected adults. In this work, we assess whether several fitness-correlated life-history traits (migratory behavior, straying rate, age at maturity, and growth) are affected by early exposure to the captive environment within a generation, before reproduction thus before genetic selection...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321875/drivers-of-apoplastic-freezing-in-gymnosperm-and-angiosperm-branches
#10
Anna Lintunen, Stefan Mayr, Yann Salmon, Hervé Cochard, Teemu Hölttä
It is not well understood what determines the degree of supercooling of apoplastic sap in trees, although it determines the number and duration of annual freeze-thaw cycles in a given environment. We studied the linkage between apoplastic ice nucleation temperature, tree water status, and conduit size. We used branches of 10 gymnosperms and 16 angiosperms collected from an arboretum in Helsinki (Finland) in winter and spring. Branches with lower relative water content froze at lower temperatures, and branch water content was lower in winter than in spring...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321874/conservation-planning-for-freshwater-marine-carryover-effects-on-chinook-salmon-survival
#11
Jennifer L Gosselin, Richard W Zabel, James J Anderson, James R Faulkner, António M Baptista, Benjamin P Sandford
Experiences of migratory species in one habitat may affect their survival in the next habitat, in what is known as carryover effects. These effects are especially relevant for understanding how freshwater experience affects survival in anadromous fishes. Here, we study the carryover effects of juvenile salmon passage through a hydropower system (Snake and Columbia rivers, northwestern United States). To reduce the direct effect of hydrosystem passage on juveniles, some fishes are transported through the hydrosystem in barges, while the others are allowed to migrate in-river...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321641/antiphospholipid-syndrome
#12
REVIEW
Karen Schreiber, Savino Sciascia, Philip G de Groot, Katrien Devreese, Soren Jacobsen, Guillermo Ruiz-Irastroza, Jane E Salmon, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Ora Shovman, Beverley J Hunt
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies, such as lupus anticoagulant, anticardiolipin antibodies and anti-β2-glycoprotein 1 antibodies. APS can present with a variety of clinical phenotypes, including thrombosis in the veins, arteries and microvasculature as well as obstetrical complications. The pathophysiological hallmark is thrombosis, but other factors such as complement activation might be important. Prevention of thrombotic manifestations associated with APS includes lifestyle changes and, in individuals at high risk, low-dose aspirin...
January 11, 2018: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320518/increased-mitochondrial-dna-diversity-in-ancient-columbia-river-basin-chinook-salmon-oncorhynchus-tshawytscha
#13
Bobbi M Johnson, Brian M Kemp, Gary H Thorgaard
The Columbia River and its tributaries provide essential spawning and rearing habitat for many salmonid species, including Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Chinook salmon were historically abundant throughout the basin and Native Americans in the region relied heavily on these fish for thousands of years. Following the arrival of Europeans in the 1800s, salmon in the basin experienced broad declines linked to overfishing, water diversion projects, habitat destruction, connectivity reduction, introgression with hatchery-origin fish, and hydropower development...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320184/unusual-rearrangement-of-an-n-donor-functionalized-n-heterocyclic-carbene-ligand-on-group-8-metals
#14
Qiuming Liang, Andrew Salmon, Patrick Jinhyung Kim, Linfan Yan, Datong Song
We report an unexpected rearrangement of a deprotonated picolyl-functionalized N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligand from N,C-chelate to N,N-chelate in three-legged piano-stool Fe(II) and Ru(II) complexes. The reaction mechanism has been explored for one of the Fe(II) complexes. Experimental and computational studies sug-gest an unusual intermediate featuring a four-membered chelate ring, where the NHC and the α-carbon of the N-substituent coordi-nate to the Fe(II) center. A possible Fe-alkylidene intermediate has also been predicted by computations...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318702/predictors-of-emotional-distress-a-year-or-more-after-diagnosis-of-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Sharon A Cook, Peter Salmon, Gemma Hayes, Angela Byrne, Peter L Fisher
OBJECTIVE: Why some people recover emotionally after diagnosis and treatment of cancer and others do not is poorly understood. To identify factors around the time of diagnosis that predict longer-term distress is a necessary step in developing interventions to reduce patients' vulnerability. This review identified the demographic, clinical, social, and psychological factors available at or within 3 months of diagnosis that are reliable predictors of emotional distress at least 12 months later...
January 10, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317384/identifying-opinion-leaders-to-promote-organ-donation-on-social-media-network-study
#16
Jingyuan Shi, Charles T Salmon
BACKGROUND: In the recent years, social networking sites (SNSs, also called social media) have been adopted in organ donation campaigns, and recruiting opinion leaders for such campaigns has been found effective in promoting behavioral changes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to focus on the dissemination of organ donation tweets on Weibo, the Chinese equivalent of Twitter, and to examine the opinion leadership in the retweet network of popular organ donation messages using social network analysis...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317213/influence-of-strain-origin-on-osmoregulatory-and-endocrine-parameters-of-two-non-native-strains-of-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-l
#17
Benoît Bernard, Kevin Chantung Sobandi, Veerle Darras, Xavier Rollin, Syaghalirwa N M Mandiki, Patrick Kestemont
Non-native strains of Atlantic salmon are used in reinstatement trials where populations are extinct. Environmental cues like photoperiod and temperature are known to influence the smolting process and there is evidence of strain-, stock- or population-specific differences associated with seaward migration or smoltification. The objective of this study was to compare morphological, osmoregulatory and endorcrine features between two strains, one originating from a cold and short river in Ireland (Cong) and another from a long and warm river in France (Loire-Allier), reared under Belgian conditions in order to highlight major differences in restocking adaptability...
January 6, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315914/coupling-mechanical-and-electrical-properties-in-spin-crossover-polymer-composites
#18
Sylvain Rat, Mario Piedrahita-Bello, Lionel Salmon, Gábor Molnár, Philippe Demont, Azzedine Bousseksou
Spin crossover particles of formula [Fe{(Htrz)2 (trz)}0.9 (NH2 -trz)0.3 ](BF4 )1.1 and average size of 20 nm ± 8 nm are homogeneously dispersed in poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-trifluoro-ethylene), P(VDF-TrFE), and poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) matrices to form macroscopic (cm-scale), freestanding, and flexible nanocomposite materials. The composites exhibit concomitant thermal expansion and discharge current peaks on cycling around the spin transition temperatures, i.e., new "product properties" resulting from the synergy between the particles and the matrix...
January 8, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313816/osteopontin-regulates-dentin-and-alveolar-bone-development-and-mineralization
#19
B L Foster, M Ao, C R Salmon, M B Chavez, T N Kolli, A B Tran, E Y Chu, K R Kantovitz, M Yadav, S Narisawa, J L Millán, F H Nociti, M J Somerman
The periodontal complex is essential for tooth attachment and function and includes the mineralized tissues, cementum and alveolar bone, separated by the unmineralized periodontal ligament (PDL). To gain insights into factors regulating cementum-PDL and bone-PDL borders and protecting against ectopic calcification within the PDL, we employed a proteomic approach to analyze PDL tissue from progressive ankylosis knock-out (Ank-/-) mice, featuring reduced PPi, rapid cementogenesis, and excessive acellular cementum...
December 4, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313458/clinician-perspectives-on-strategies-to-improve-patient-maternal-immunization-acceptability-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-practice-settings
#20
Paula M Frew, Laura A Randall, Fauzia Malik, Rupali Lamaye, Andrew Wilson, Sean T O'Leary, Daniel Salmon, Meghan Donnelly, Kevin Ault, Matthew Z Dudley, Vincent L Fenimore, Saad B Omer
Pregnancy is an ideal time to communicate with women about vaccines for themselves and their infants, yet maternal immunization rates remain suboptimal. This study aimed to identify clinic, provider, and staff-related attributes and facilitators to be utilized for a comprehensive vaccine intervention in ob-gyn clinical settings. We conducted in-depth interviews with 24 providers, both healthcare providers (e.g., physicians, nurse practitioners, midwives) and practice managers, from urban and suburban ob-gyn practices in Georgia and Colorado about their immunization attitudes, practices, and patient experiences...
January 9, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
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