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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917083/effects-of-single-or-combined-administration-of-salmon-calcitonin-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-versus-diclofenac-sodium-in-sodium-monoiodoacetate-induced-knee-osteoarthritis-in-male-wistar-rats
#1
Wale J Adeyemi, Luqman A Olayaki
BACKGROUND: There is a continuous search for a better therapy in osteoarthritis (OA) management. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of salmon calcitonin (Sct) and/or omega-3 fatty acids (N-3) relative to diclofenac sodium (DF) in induced knee osteoarthritic male Wistar rats. METHODS: The 40 rats that were used in this study were divided into 8 groups (n=5 rats), viz: Normal control; OA control; OA+N-3; OA+Low dose of Sct (Sct.Lw); OA+High dose of Sct (Sct...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915548/a-spatio-temporal-statistical-model-of-maximum-daily-river-temperatures-to-inform-the-management-of-scotland-s-atlantic-salmon-rivers-under-climate-change
#2
Faye L Jackson, Robert J Fryer, David M Hannah, Colin P Millar, Iain A Malcolm
The thermal suitability of riverine habitats for cold water adapted species may be reduced under climate change. Riparian tree planting is a practical climate change mitigation measure, but it is often unclear where to focus effort for maximum benefit. Recent developments in data collection, monitoring and statistical methods have facilitated the development of increasingly sophisticated river temperature models capable of predicting spatial variability at large scales appropriate to management. In parallel, improvements in temporal river temperature models have increased the accuracy of temperature predictions at individual sites...
September 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915502/to-stop-or-not-to-stop-contrasting-compliant-and-non-compliant-driver-behaviour-at-rural-rail-level-crossings
#3
Vanessa Beanland, Paul M Salmon, Ashleigh J Filtness, Michael G Lenné, Neville A Stanton
Many rail level crossings (RLXs) have only passive protection, such as static signs instructing road users to stop, yield, or look for trains. Stop signs have been suggested as a low-cost option to improve safety at passive RLXs, as requiring drivers to stop should encourage safe behaviour. However, field observations have noted high rates of non-compliance at stop-controlled RLXs. To explore this further, we conducted an on-road study to identify factors that influence compliance at stop-controlled RLXs. Twenty-two drivers drove a 30...
September 12, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913953/marine-depth-use-of-sea-trout-salmo-trutta-in-fjord-areas-of-central-norway
#4
S H Eldøy, J G Davidsen, E B Thorstad, F G Whoriskey, K Aarestrup, T F Naesje, L Rønning, A D Sjursen, A H Rikardsen, J V Arnekleiv
The vertical behaviour of 44 veteran sea trout Salmo trutta (275-580 mm) in different marine fjord habitats (estuary, pelagic, near shore with and without steep cliffs) was documented during May-February by acoustic telemetry. The swimming depth of S. trutta was influenced by habitat, time of day (day v. night), season, seawater temperature and the body length at the time of tagging. Mean swimming depth during May-September was 1·7 m (individual means ranged from 0·4 to 6·4 m). Hence, S. trutta were generally surface oriented, but performed dives down to 24 m...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912561/luminophore-configuration-and-concentration-dependent-optoelectronic-characteristics-of-a-quantum-dot-embedded-dna-hybrid-thin-film
#5
Velu Arasu, Sreekantha Reddy Dugasani, Mallikarjuna Reddy Kesama, Ho Kyoon Chung, Sung Ha Park
To be useful in optoelectronic devices and sensors, a platform comprising stable fluorescence materials is essential. Here we constructed quantum dots (QDs) embedded DNA thin films which aims for stable fluorescence through the stabilization of QDs in the high aspect ratio salmon DNA (SDNA) matrix. Also for maximum luminescence, different concentration and configurations of core- and core/alloy/shell-type QDs were embedded within SDNA. The QD-SDNA thin films were constructed by drop-casting and investigated their optoelectronic properties...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905398/mitigation-of-acidified-salmon-rivers-effects-of-liming-on-young-brown-trout-salmo-trutta
#6
T Hesthagen, B M Larsen, G Bolstad, P Fiske, B Jonsson
In southern Norway, 22 acidified rivers supporting anadromous salmonids were mitigated with lime to improve water quality and restore fish populations. In 13 of these rivers, effects on Salmo trutta and Salmo salar densities were monitored over 10-12 years, grouped into age 0 and age ≥ 1 year fish. These rivers had a mean annual discharge of between 4·9 and 85·5 m(3)  s(-1) , and six of them were regulated for hydro-power production. Salmo salar were lost in six of these rivers prior to liming, and highly reduced in the remaining seven rivers...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904777/how-relative-size-and-abundance-structures-the-relationship-between-size-and-individual-growth-in-an-ontogenetically-piscivorous-fish
#7
Joshua W Chamberlin, Brian R Beckman, Correigh M Greene, Casimir A Rice, Jason E Hall
While individual growth ultimately reflects the quality and quantity of food resources, intra and interspecific interactions for these resources, as well as individual size, may have dramatic impacts on growth opportunity. Out-migrating anadromous salmonids make rapid transitions between habitat types resulting in large pulses of individuals into a given location over a short period, which may have significant impact on demand for local resources. We evaluated the spatial and temporal variation in IGF-1 concentrations (a proxy for growth rate) and the relationship between size and concentration for juvenile Chinook salmon in Puget Sound, WA, USA, as a function of the relative size and abundance of both Chinook salmon and Pacific herring, a species which commonly co-occurs with salmonids in nearshore marine habitats...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904762/influences-of-thermal-environment-on-fish-growth
#8
Sebastián Boltaña, Nataly Sanhueza, Andrea Aguilar, Cristian Gallardo-Escarate, Gabriel Arriagada, Juan Antonio Valdes, Doris Soto, Renato A Quiñones
Thermoregulation in ectothermic animals is influenced by the ability to effectively respond to thermal variations. While it is known that ectotherms are affected by thermal changes, it remains unknown whether physiological and/or metabolic traits are impacted by modifications to the thermal environment. Our research provides key evidence that fish ectotherms are highly influenced by thermal variability during development, which leads to important modifications at several metabolic levels (e.g., growth trajectories, microstructural alterations, muscle injuries, and molecular mechanisms)...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903867/detection-accuracy-of-renibacterium-salmoninarum-in-chinook-salmon-oncorhynchus-tshawytscha-walbaum-from-non-lethally-collected-samples-effects-of-exposure-route-and-disease-severity
#9
Carolyn A Richards, Cheryl A Murphy, Travis O Brenden, Thomas P Loch, Mohamed Faisal
Bacterial kidney disease (BKD), caused by Renibacterium salmoninarum, threatens salmonid populations throughout the Northern hemisphere. Many fishery regulatory authorities require ongoing disease monitoring in hatcheries and spawning runs prior to gamete collection to prevent BKD outbreaks and spread. According to diagnostic protocols of the American Fisheries Society-Fish Health Section, monitoring for R. salmoninarum generally consists of lethal sampling of visceral organs from fish. However, non-lethal sampling would be preferable, especially for valuable broodstock or endangered species...
September 15, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903832/validation-of-modifications-to-the-ansr-for-listeria-method-for-improved-internal-positive-control-performance
#10
Susan Alles, Evan Meister, Edan Hosking, Eric Tovar, Rebecca Shaulis, Mark Schonfeld, Lei Zhang, Lin Li, Preetha Biswas, Mark Mozola, Robert Donofrio
A study was conducted to validate a minor reagent formulation change to the ANSR for Listeria method, Performance Tested Method(SM) 101202. This change involves increasing the master mix volume prelyophilization by 40% and addition of salmon sperm DNA (nontarget DNA) to the master mix. These changes improve the robustness of the internal positive control response and reduce the possibility of obtaining invalid results due to weak-positive control curves. When three foods (hot dogs, Mexican-style cheese, and cantaloupe) and sponge samples taken from a stainless steel surface were tested, no significant differences in performance between the ANSR and U...
September 14, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901863/tissue-fatty-acid-profile-is-differently-modulated-from-olive-oil-and-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-apcmin-mice
#11
Valeria Tutino, Maria Gabriella Caruso, Giampiero De Leonardis, Valentina De Nunzio, Maria Notarnicola
BACKGROUND: Fatty acid profile can be consideredan appropriate biomarker for investigating the relations between the patterns of fatty acid metabolism and specific diseases, ascancer, cardiovascular and degenerative diseases. OBJECTIVE: Aim of this study was to test the effects of diets enriched with olive oil and omega-3Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFAs) on fatty acid profile in intestinal tissue of ApcMin/+ mice. METHOD: Three groups of animals were considered: control group, receiving a standard diet; olive oilgroup, receiving a standard diet enriched with olive oil; omega-3 group, receiving a standard diet enriched with salmon fish...
September 11, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901821/british-surgeon-frederick-salmon-1796-1868-and-his-trans-fixing-pins-and-excision-surgical-procedure-for-the-rectum-prolapsus
#12
Gregory Tsoucalas
Frederick Salmon was born in Bath. From his early career, he was fond of surgery, mostly interested in proctology. He had been specialized in London at St Bartholomew's Hospital. He was the founder of "The Infirmary for the Relief of the Poor Afflicted with Fistula and Other Disease of the Rectum," and the writer of one of the most important surgical treatises, the " Practical Observations on Prolapsus of the Rectum." In this book, Salmon described an innovative operation for procidentia, based on the principle "trans-fixing pins and excision...
September 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901741/glycoforest-1-0
#13
Oliver Horlacher, Chunsheng Jin, Davide Alocci, Julien Mariethoz, Markus Müller, Niclas G Karlsson, Frédérique Lisacek
Tandem mass spectrometry, when combined with liquid chromatography and applied to complex mixtures produces large amounts of raw data, which needs to be analysed to identify molecular structures. This technique is widely used, particularly in glycomics. Due to a lack of high throughput glycan sequencing software, glycan spectra are predominantly sequenced manually. A challenge for writing glycan-sequencing software is that there is no direct template that can be used to infer structures detectable in an organism...
September 13, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900032/nucleolar-and-spindle-associated-protein-1-nusap1-interacts-with-a-sumo-e3-ligase-complex-during-chromosome-segregation
#14
Christine A Mills, Aussie Suzuki, Anthony Arceci, Jin Yao Mo, Alex Duncan, Edward D Salmon, Michael J Emanuele
The mitotic spindle is composed of dynamic microtubules and associated proteins that together direct chromosome movement during mitosis. The spindle plays a vital role in accurate chromosome segregation fidelity and is a therapeutic target in cancer. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanisms by which many spindle associated proteins function remains unknown. The Nucleolar and Spindle Associated Protein NUSAP1 is a microtubule binding protein implicated in spindle stability and chromosome segregation. We show here that NUSAP1 localizes to dynamic spindle microtubules in a unique chromosome-centric pattern, in the vicinity of overlapping microtubules, during metaphase and anaphase of mitosis...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899026/dead-salmon-and-voodoo-correlations-should-we-be-sceptical-about-functional-mri
#15
Louisa Lyon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894993/effect-of-growth-hormone-overexpression-on-gastric-evacuation-rate-in-coho-salmon
#16
Jin-Hyoung Kim, Satid Chatchaiphan, Michelle T Crown, Samantha L White, Robert H Devlin
Growth hormone (GH) transgenic (T) coho salmon consistently show remarkably enhanced growth associated with increased appetite and food consumption compared to non-transgenic wild-type (NT) coho salmon. To improve understanding of the mechanism by which GH overexpression mediates food intake and digestion in T fish, feed intake and gastric evacuation rate (over 7 days) were measured in size-matched T and NT coho salmon. T fish displayed greatly enhanced feed intake levels (~ 2.5-fold), and more than 3-fold increase in gastric evacuation rates relative to NT coho salmon...
September 11, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891252/the-incidence-and-prevalence-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-new-york-county-manhattan-new-york-the-manhattan-lupus-surveillance-program
#17
Peter M Izmirly, Isabella Wan, Sara Sahl, Jill P Buyon, H Michael Belmont, Jane E Salmon, Anca Askanase, Joan M Bathon, Laura Geraldino-Pardilla, Yousaf Ali, Ellen M Ginzler, Chaim Putterman, Caroline Gordon, Charles G Helmick, Hilary Parton
OBJECTIVE: The Manhattan Lupus Surveillance Program (MLSP) is a population-based registry designed to determine the prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in 2007 and the incidence from 2007 to 2009 among residents of New York County (Manhattan), New York, and to characterize cases by race/ethnicity, including Asians and Hispanics, for whom data are lacking. METHODS: We identified possible SLE cases from hospital records, rheumatologist records, and administrative databases...
September 10, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890723/dynamics-of-short-term-phosphorus-uptake-by-intact-mycorrhizal-and-non-mycorrhizal-maize-plants-grown-in-a-circulatory-semi-hydroponic-cultivation-system
#18
Mónica Garcés-Ruiz, Maryline Calonne-Salmon, Katia Plouznikoff, Coralie Misson, Micaela Navarrete-Mier, Sylvie Cranenbrouck, Stéphane Declerck
A non-destructive cultivation system was developed to study the dynamics of phosphorus (Pi) uptake by mycorrhizal and non-mycorrhizal maize plantlets. The system consisted of a plant container connected via silicon tubes to a glass bottle containing a nutrient solution supplemented with Pi. The nutrient solution is pumped with a peristaltic pump to the upper part of the container via the silicon tubes and the solution percolate through the plantlet container back into the glass bottle. Pi is sampled from the glass bottle at regular intervals and concentration evaluated...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886690/transcriptome-profiling-of-antiviral-immune-and-dietary-fatty-acid-dependent-responses-of-atlantic-salmon-macrophage-like-cells
#19
Khalil Eslamloo, Xi Xue, Jennifer R Hall, Nicole C Smith, Albert Caballero-Solares, Christopher C Parrish, Richard G Taylor, Matthew L Rise
BACKGROUND: Due to the limited availability and high cost of fish oil in the face of increasing aquaculture production, there is a need to reduce usage of fish oil in aquafeeds without compromising farm fish health. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine if different levels of vegetable and fish oils can alter antiviral responses of salmon macrophage-like cells (MLCs). Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) were fed diets containing 7.4% (FO7) or 5.1% (FO5) fish oil. These diets were designed to be relatively low in EPA + DHA (i...
September 8, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886033/population-structure-of-sea-type-and-lake-type-sockeye-salmon-and-kokanee-in-the-fraser-river-and-columbia-river-drainages
#20
Terry D Beacham, Ruth E Withler
Population structure of three ecotypes of Oncorhynchus nerka (sea-type Sockeye Salmon, lake-type Sockeye Salmon, and Kokanee) in the Fraser River and Columbia River drainages was examined with microsatellite variation, with the main focus as to whether Kokanee population structure within the Fraser River drainage suggested either a monophyletic or polyphyletic origin of the ecotype within the drainage. Variation at 14 microsatellite loci was surveyed for sea-type and lake-type Sockeye Salmon and Kokanee sampled from 121 populations in the two river drainages...
2017: PloS One
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