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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222514/one-year-evolution-of-behavioral-and%C3%A2-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-in-patients-initially-hospitalized-in%C3%A2-cognitive-behavioral-units-the-evital-prospective-cohort
#1
Isabelle Rouch, Elodie Pongan, Béatrice Trombert, Florence Fabre, Nicolas Auguste, Claire Sellier, Magalie Freulon, Sophie Jacqueline, Denis Federico, Christelle Mouchoux, Géraldine Martin-Gaujard, Pierre Krolak-Salmon, Bernard Laurent, Jean-Michel Dorey
BACKGROUND: The 2008-2012 French Alzheimer's Plan has provided hospital Cognitive and Behavioral Units (CBU) to improve the management of patients with productive behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Little is known concerning the behavioral outcome of these patients after discharge. OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the long-term evolution of BPSD over one year after CBU discharge. METHODS: The EVITAL cohort included 221 participants admitted to the CBUs of 3 French hospitals...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221976/listeria-monocytogenes-in-smoked-salmon-and-other-smoked-fish-at-retail-in-italy-frequency-of-contamination-and-strain-characterization-in-products-from-different-manufacturers
#2
Vicdalia Aniela Acciari, Marina Torresi, Luigi Iannetti, Silvia Scattolini, Francesco Pomilio, Lucia Decastelli, Silvia Colmegna, Riccardo Muliari, Teresa Bossù, Yolande Proroga, Cosimo Montagna, Cinzia Cardamone, Paola Cogoni, Vincenza Annunziata Prencipe, Giacomo Migliorati
Seven hundred seventy-eight samples of packaged smoked fish (774 smoked salmon and 4 smoked swordfish) on sale in Italy, from 50 different manufacturers located in 12 European Union countries, were purchased from the Italian market between May and December 2011. The surface temperatures of the samples on sale ranged from 0 to 13°C (3.4 ± 1.5°C, mean ± SD). Six hundred eighty (87.4%) of 778 samples were stored at ≤4°C. One hundred fifty-seven samples (20.2%, 95% confidence interval 17.5 to 23.1%) were contaminated by Listeria monocytogenes , with 26 samples (3...
February 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220850/comparing-the-survival-rate-of-juvenile-chinook-salmon-migrating-through-hydropower-systems-using-injectable-and-surgical-acoustic-transmitters
#3
Z D Deng, J J Martinez, H Li, R A Harnish, C M Woodley, J A Hughes, X Li, T Fu, J Lu, G A McMichael, M A Weiland, M B Eppard, J R Skalski, R L Townsend
Acoustic telemetry is one of the primary technologies for studying the behavior and survival of fishes throughout the world. The size and performance of the transmitter are key limiting factors. The newly developed injectable transmitter is the first acoustic transmitter that can be implanted via injection instead of surgery. A two-part field study was conducted to evaluate the performance of the injectable transmitter and its effect on the survival of implanted fish. The injectable transmitter performed well and similarly to the proceeding generation of commercially-available JSATS transmitters tested concurrently...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220842/image-processing-in-digital-pathology-an-opportunity-to-solve-inter-batch-variability-of-immunohistochemical-staining
#4
Yves-Rémi Van Eycke, Justine Allard, Isabelle Salmon, Olivier Debeir, Christine Decaestecker
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is a widely used technique in pathology to evidence protein expression in tissue samples. However, this staining technique is known for presenting inter-batch variations. Whole slide imaging in digital pathology offers a possibility to overcome this problem by means of image normalisation techniques. In the present paper we propose a methodology to objectively evaluate the need of image normalisation and to identify the best way to perform it. This methodology uses tissue microarray (TMA) materials and statistical analyses to evidence the possible variations occurring at colour and intensity levels as well as to evaluate the efficiency of image normalisation methods in correcting them...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220476/response-of-trabecular-bone-thyroid-c-and-follicular-cells-to-synthetic-salmon-calcitonin-in-middle-aged-orchidectomized-male-rats
#5
Branko Filipović, Branka Šošić-Jurjević, Vladimir Ajdžanović, Jasmina Živanović, Nataša Ristić, Svetlana Trifunović, Verica Milošević
In contrast to studies in women, male osteoporosis is poorly understood and strictly related to advancing age. Among the first antiresorptive substances used in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis is calcitonin (CT), a hypocalcemic hormone that potently inhibits osteoclastic bone resorption. Natural CT is produced and secreted by thyroid C-cells. The other endocrine population of thyroid cells produces thyroid hormones (TH), which also affect bone turnover. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of salmon CT on trabecular bone microarchitecture with special reference to effects on the structure and function of both CT- and TH-producing thyroid cells in orchidectomized (Orx) middle-aged rats...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220128/effect-of-leaf-water-potential-on-internal-humidity-and-co2-dissolution-reverse-transpiration-and-improved-water-use-efficiency-under-negative-pressure
#6
Timo Vesala, Sanna Sevanto, Tiia Grönholm, Yann Salmon, Eero Nikinmaa, Pertti Hari, Teemu Hölttä
The pull of water from the soil to the leaves causes water in the transpiration stream to be under negative pressure decreasing the water potential below zero. The osmotic concentration also contributes to the decrease in leaf water potential but with much lesser extent. Thus, the surface tension force is approximately balanced by a force induced by negative water potential resulting in concavely curved water-air interfaces in leaves. The lowered water potential causes a reduction in the equilibrium water vapor pressure in internal (sub-stomatal/intercellular) cavities in relation to that over water with the potential of zero, i...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219853/what-predicts-children-s-active-transport-and-independent-mobility-in-disadvantaged-neighborhoods
#7
J Veitch, A Carver, J Salmon, G Abbott, K Ball, D Crawford, V Cleland, A Timperio
This study examined two year changes in children's active transport and independent mobility and prospective associations between individual, social and physical environmental predictors of interest and these behaviors two years later. Overall, 43.5% of children (12.0±2.1 years) used active transport on the school journey at T1 and at T2 (p=0.77), and 35.3% engaged in independent mobility on the school journey at T1 and 29.6% at T2 (p=0.07). Enjoyment, parental safety concerns, and proximity to walking tracks were associated with independent mobility on the school journey...
February 17, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219347/aquaculture-genomics-genetics-and-breeding-in-the-united-states-current-status-challenges-and-priorities-for-future-research
#8
EDITORIAL
Hisham Abdelrahman, Mohamed ElHady, Acacia Alcivar-Warren, Standish Allen, Rafet Al-Tobasei, Lisui Bao, Ben Beck, Harvey Blackburn, Brian Bosworth, John Buchanan, Jesse Chappell, William Daniels, Sheng Dong, Rex Dunham, Evan Durland, Ahmed Elaswad, Marta Gomez-Chiarri, Kamal Gosh, Ximing Guo, Perry Hackett, Terry Hanson, Dennis Hedgecock, Tiffany Howard, Leigh Holland, Molly Jackson, Yulin Jin, Karim Kahlil, Thomas Kocher, Tim Leeds, Ning Li, Lauren Lindsey, Shikai Liu, Zhanjiang Liu, Kyle Martin, Romi Novriadi, Ramjie Odin, Yniv Palti, Eric Peatman, Dina Proestou, Guyu Qin, Benjamin Reading, Caird Rexroad, Steven Roberts, Mohamed Salem, Andrew Severin, Huitong Shi, Craig Shoemaker, Sheila Stiles, Suxu Tan, Kathy F J Tang, Wilawan Thongda, Terrence Tiersch, Joseph Tomasso, Wendy Tri Prabowo, Roger Vallejo, Hein van der Steen, Khoi Vo, Geoff Waldbieser, Hanping Wang, Xiaozhu Wang, Jianhai Xiang, Yujia Yang, Roger Yant, Zihao Yuan, Qifan Zeng, Tao Zhou
Advancing the production efficiency and profitability of aquaculture is dependent upon the ability to utilize a diverse array of genetic resources. The ultimate goals of aquaculture genomics, genetics and breeding research are to enhance aquaculture production efficiency, sustainability, product quality, and profitability in support of the commercial sector and for the benefit of consumers. In order to achieve these goals, it is important to understand the genomic structure and organization of aquaculture species, and their genomic and phenomic variations, as well as the genetic basis of traits and their interrelationships...
February 20, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216609/is-the-association-between-park-proximity-and-recreational-physical-activity-among-mid-older-aged-adults-moderated-by-park-quality-and-neighborhood-conditions
#9
Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Ester Cerin, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon, Benedicte Deforche, Jenny Veitch
Previous studies have reported mixed findings on the relationship between park proximity and recreational physical activity (PA), which could be explained by park quality and the surrounding neighborhood environment. We examined whether park quality and perceptions of the neighborhood physical and social environment moderated associations between park proximity and recreational PA among mid-older aged adults. Cross-sectional self-reported data on park proximity, park quality, neighborhood physical and social environmental factors, recreational walking and other moderate- to vigorous-intensity recreational physical activity (MVPA) were collected among 2700 Australian adults (57-69 years) in 2012...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216010/uptake-of-benzo-a-pyrene-but-not-of-phenanthrene-is-inhibited-by-fatty-acids-in-intestinal-brush-border-membrane-vesicles-of-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#10
Stefan de Gelder, Liselot van Och, Jan Zethof, Thamar N M Pelgrim, Josef D Rasinger, Gert Flik, Marc H G Berntssen, Peter H M Klaren
Partial replacement of fish ingredients with vegetable ingredients has elevated levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Atlantic salmon reared on these feeds. PAH uptake in the intestinal tract is postulated to occur in association with lipid absorption and could well be affected by fatty acid composition. We therefore investigated the effects of a fish oil and vegetable oil fatty acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n-3) and oleic acid (18:1n-9) respectively, on the uptake of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) and phenanthrene (PHE) across the intestinal brush border membrane in the salmonid species rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)...
February 12, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214933/findings-from-american-indian-needs-assessments
#11
Linda Burhansstipanov, Linda U Krebs, Lisa Harjo, Kathleen Ragan, Judith Salmon Kaur, Vickie Marsh, Dewey Painter
Because of decreased access and dismal survival rates, strategies need to be developed to increase cancer awareness and facilitate cancer prevention, early detection, and screening activities within American Indian (AI) populations. The purpose of this study was to develop a locally tailored needs assessment to collect cancer prevention, control, and risk factor information and knowledge, attitude, and perceived behavior (hereafter referred to as "needs assessment") data from 500 community members living in 3 geographically diverse settings: the Southeastern USA, the Rocky Mountain region, and the Northern Plains...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214702/triploid-atlantic-salmon-shows-similar-performance-fatty-acid-composition-and-proteome-response-to-diploids-during-early-freshwater-rearing
#12
Waldo G Nuez-Ortín, Chris G Carter, Richard Wilson, Ira R Cooke, Gianluca Amoroso, Jennifer M Cobcroft, Peter D Nichols
There is currently renewed interest in farming triploid Atlantic salmon. Improving farming requires identifying triploid specific phenotypic and physiological traits that are uniquely derived from ploidy per se and developed under optimal growing conditions. This study investigated firstly, the impact of ploidy on growth performance and whole body composition of Atlantic salmon at different early freshwater stages [34dph (days post-hatching) alevin, 109dph fry, and 162dph parr] and secondly, whether phenotypic differences at these stages were reflected in protein samples collected from whole fish, white muscle or liver tissue...
February 11, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213132/surveillance-or-engagement-children-s-conflicts-during-health-maintenance-visits
#13
Sarah Polk, Russell Horwitz, Shaina Longway, Alfonso Bonilla, Kate Fothergill, Marc Karver, Peter Salmon, Lawrence Wissow
OBJECTIVE: School-aged health maintenance visits seek to prevent or intervene early with health issues of life-long importance. Little is known about what children expect to happen in these visits or how they experience them, factors related to their engagement as active collaborators in care. METHODS: Thirty children (53% Latino, 27% African-American and 20% White) age 7-11 years were video recorded during a health maintenance visit and then interviewed while reviewing the videos...
February 14, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213022/prevalence-genetic-diversity-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-listeria-monocytogenes-isolated-from-fresh-and-smoked-fish-in-poland
#14
Kinga Wieczorek, Jacek Osek
A total of 57 out of 301 (18.9%) fresh and smoked fish samples in Poland were positive for Listeria monocytotgenes. The bacteria were most frequently identified in fresh and smoked salmon (32.0% and 33.8% respectively) as well as in fresh cod (31.8%). Only three samples of smoked salmon were contaminated with the bacteria above 100 CFU/g. Four molecular serogroups were identified and the most prevalent, 1/2a-3a (40 isolates; 70.2%), was present in samples from both marine (33 strains; 71.7%) and freshwater fish (7 isolates; 63...
June 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212392/what-s-in-a-game-a-systems-approach-to-enhancing-performance-analysis-in-football
#15
Scott McLean, Paul M Salmon, Adam D Gorman, Gemma J M Read, Colin Solomon
PURPOSE: Performance analysis (PA) in football is considered to be an integral component of understanding the requirements for optimal performance. Despite vast amounts of research in this area key gaps remain, including what comprises PA in football, and methods to minimise research-practitioner gaps. The aim of this study was to develop a model of the football match system in order to better describe and understand the components of football performance. Such a model could inform the design of new PA methods...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211057/reproductive-energy-expenditure-and-changes-in-body-morphology-for-a-population-of-chinook-salmon-oncorhynchus-tshawytscha-with-a-long-distance-migration
#16
T E Bowerman, A Pinson-Dumm, C A Peery, C C Caudill
Energetic demands of a long freshwater migration, extended holding period, gamete development and spawning were evaluated for a population of stream-type Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha. Female and male somatic mass decreased by 24 and 21%, respectively, during migration and by an additional 18 and 12% during holding. Between freshwater entry and death after spawning, females allocated 14% of initial somatic energy towards gonad development and 78% for metabolism (46, 25 and 7% during migration, holding and spawning, respectively)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210014/dilemma-correlation-between-serum-level-of-hepcidin-and-il-6-in-anemic-myeloma-patients
#17
Lejla Ibricevic-Balic, Emina Icindic-Nakas, Sabaheta Hasic, Emina Kiseljakovic, Alma Sofo-Hafizovic, Sefkija Balic
INTRODUCTION: Anemia occurs in 60% to 80 % of patients with newly diagnosed myeloma multiplex (MM). The cause of anemia in MM is probably multi factorial and involved among the others hepcidin and some cytokines, especially interleukine-6. Anemia in MM is one of the risk factor used in Durie-Salmon classification for staging and prognostic score. Treatment options are set according to this score with most significant impact on survival. AIM: To estimate baseline level of serum hepcidin, IL-6 and iron metabolism markers in anemic MM patients, possible role of hepcidin and its interaction with IL-6...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208232/non-linear-co2-flux-response-to-seven-years-of-experimentally-induced-permafrost-thaw
#18
Marguerite Mauritz, Rosvel Bracho, Gerardo Celis, Jack Hutchings, Susan M Natali, Elaine Pegoraro, Verity G Salmon, Christina Schädel, Elizabeth E Webb, Edward A G Schuur
Rapid Arctic warming is expected to increase global greenhouse gas concentrations as permafrost thaw exposes immense stores of frozen carbon (C) to microbial decomposition. Permafrost thaw also stimulates plant growth, which could offset C loss. Using data from seven years of experimental Air and Soil warming in moist acidic tundra, we show that Soil warming had a much stronger effect on CO2 flux than Air warming. Soil warming caused rapid permafrost thaw and increased ecosystem respiration (Reco), gross primary productivity (GPP), and net summer CO2 storage (NEE)...
February 16, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208042/is-wearable-technology-an-activity-motivator-or-a-fad-that-wears-thin
#19
Jo Salmon, Nicola D Ridgers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202040/subcellular-localization-and-interactions-of-infectious-salmon-anemia-virus-isav-m1-and-nep-as-well-as-host-hsc70
#20
Wenting Zhang, Chengzhi Cai, Li Lin, Yizhi Jane Tao, Meilin Jin
BACKGROUND: Infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) is an important fish pathogen that causes high mortality in farmed Atlantic salmon. The ISAV genome consists of eight single-stranded, negative-sense RNA segments. The six largest segments contain one open reading frame (ORF) each, and encode three polymerase proteins, nucleoprotein, fusion protein, and hemagglutinin esterase protein. The two smallest segments contain more than one ORF each. The segment 7 encodes non-structural protein 1 (NS1) and nuclear export protein (NEP), while segment 8 encodes matrix protein 1 and 2 (M1 and M2)...
February 15, 2017: Virology Journal
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