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somali medical

Caroline Kingori, Camila LeMaster Esquivel, Qorsho Hassan, Abdul Elmi, Bakali Mukasa, Michael Reece
African-born immigrants and refugees have HIV infection rates six times higher than any other minority groups in the United States. Despite the increase in the population size and diversity of Somali immigrants and refugees in the United States, Somalis are one of the medically underserved population subgroups in this region. The lack of aggregate HIV infection rates among African-born immigrants, for example, Somali refugees, is a cause for alarm and calls for more research to be conducted in this subgroup...
October 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Valeria Markova, Gro M Sandal
Objective: Refugees are at high risk of experiencing mental health problems due to trauma in their pasts and to acculturation stress as they settle in a new country. To develop efficient health services that meet the needs of refugees from different regions, an understanding is required of how they make sense of and prefer to cope with mental health problems. This study aims to investigate lay explanatory models of depression and preferred coping strategies among Somali refugees in Norway. Methods: The study used a mixed-method design with a vignette describing a moderately depressed person based on ICD-10 criteria...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Abigail L H Kroening, Jessica A Moore, Therese R Welch, Jill S Halterman, Susan L Hyman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Refugee children are at high developmental risk due to dislocation and deprivation. Standardized developmental screening in this diverse population is challenging. We used the Health Belief Model to guide key-informant interviews and focus groups with medical interpreters, health care providers, community collaborators, and refugee parents to explore key elements needed for developmental screening. Cultural and community-specific values and practices related to child development and barriers and facilitators to screening were examined...
September 2016: Pediatrics
Mimmi Koukkula, Ilmo Keskimäki, Päivikki Koponen, Mulki Mölsä, Reija Klemetti
BACKGROUND: The tradition of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) has spread in Europe as a result of immigration. Although it is known to have negative health impacts, the exact prevalence of FGM/C and its health effects in Finland are unknown. This study explores the prevalence of FGM/C, the sociodemographic characteristics associated with it, and its health effects among women of Somali and Kurdish origin in Finland. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Migrant Health and Well Being Study carried out in 2010-2012...
September 2016: Birth
Ziyad S Hammoudeh, Salvatore Lettieri
PURPOSE: The aim of this report was to present the first known case of coccidioidomycosis involving the temporomandibular joint, review the literature regarding dissemination to the mandible, and to provide treatment recommendations for this challenging condition. METHODS: Coccidioidomycosis of the mandibular condyle was identified in a 30-year-old Somali male residing in Arizona. Due to the difficulty of surgical access and the anticipated temporomandibular joint morbidity of radical condylar debridement, primary medical management was performed...
April 13, 2016: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
D W Hague, H D Humphries, M A Mitchell, G D Shelton
BACKGROUND: Acquired myasthenia gravis (MG) in cats most commonly causes generalized weakness without megaesophagus and is more often associated with a cranial mediastinal mass, compared to dogs. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To extend the clinical findings described in the report of 2000 on MG in cats (J Am Vet Med Assoc 215:55-57). ANIMALS: Two hundred and thirty-five cats with MG. METHODS: Retrospective case study to evaluate the long-term outcome and incidence of spontaneous remission in myasthenic cats...
September 2015: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Yihunie Lakew, Lianna Tabar, Demewoz Haile
BACKGROUND: Early initiation of breastfeeding is a simple and cost effective intervention to advance the health of mothers and newborns. The World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) recommend that breastfeeding should be initiated within one hour of birth. The aim of this study is to identify factors associated with timely initiation of breastfeeding among mothers in Ethiopia within one hour of birth. METHODS: This study used data from the 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey...
2015: International Breastfeeding Journal
Si Jack Chong, Lei Jiang, Wei-En Chow
The emphasis of naval operations has shifted from conventional naval warfare since World War II to Operations Other than War such as Peace Support Operations and Humanitarian Aid and Disaster Relief. Maritime forces are increasingly deployed in distant areas of operations such as the Somali Basin and Gulf of Aden for longer durations, in a possibly higher threat environment against nonconventional threats such as in counter piracy operations. There is therefore a need to balance the challenges of providing adequate forward naval surgical support with limitations in medical manpower, logistics as well as the need for a suitable surgical platform for these deployments...
August 2015: Military Medicine
Altaf Saadi, Barbara E Bond, Sanja Percac-Lima
INTRODUCTION: The low uptake of preventive services in disadvantaged communities is a continuing challenge to public health. Women refugee communities are particularly vulnerable populations, and disparities in both preventive care and breast cancer screening have been documented sparsely. The objective of this qualitative study was to explore Bosnian, Iraqi, and Somali women refugees' beliefs about preventive care and breast cancer screening to inform future community interventions and best practices...
September 2015: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
Zaheera Jinnah, Lucy Lowe
Female circumcision among Somalis is a deeply personal and subjective practice, framed within traditional norms and cultural practices, but negotiated within contemporary realities to produce a set of processes and practices that are nuanced, differentiated, and undergoing change. Based on ethnographic research among Somali women in Johannesburg and Nairobi, we argue that the context of forced migration provides women with opportunities to renegotiate and reinvent what female circumcision means to them. The complex, subjective, and diverse perceptions and experiences of circumcision as embedded processes, within the context of migration, we argue has been overlooked in the literature, which has tended to be framed within a normative discourse concerned with the medical effects of the practice, or in anthropological studies, counter to the normative discourse based on personal narratives...
2015: Medical Anthropology
Claudia Tritschler, Keijiro Mizukami, Karthik Raj, Urs Giger
OBJECTIVES: Increased erythrocytic osmotic fragility and splenomegaly have been reported in anemic Abyssinian and Somali cats. Here we report on this condition in anemic domestic shorthair cats and two other breeds, and describe common features of the clinicopathological profiles, management and outcomes. METHODS: Anemic cats, other than Abyssinians and Somalis, were included. The erythrocytic osmotic fragility test was performed, known causes of anemia were excluded, the illness was followed and medical records were reviewed...
June 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
D Haile, S Biadgilign, M Azage
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A supplementation is one of the best proven, safest and most cost-effective interventions in public health. However, childhood vitamin A supplementation has not reached adequate levels of coverage in developing countries. This study aimed to identify factors associated with childhood vitamin A supplementation in Ethiopia. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with stratified, two-stage cluster design. METHODS: Analysis of data from the 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) was used to identify factors associated with childhood vitamin A supplementation...
June 2015: Public Health
Muna Sunni, Mohamed Farah, Christine Hardie, Abdirahman M Dhunkal, M Jennifer Abuzzahab, Jennifer H Kyllo, Melena D Bellin, Brandon Nathan, Antoinette Moran
Describe cultural beliefs related to diabetes in Minnesota Somali children with type 1 diabetes (T1D), and compare their diabetes control to that of non-Somali children with diabetes. A cross-sectional study involving Somali children ≤ 19 years with T1D at the University of Minnesota Masonic Children's Hospital and Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota. A survey was administered to parents of all participants and to children aged ≥ 12 years. Data were collected by history and from the medical record...
August 2015: Journal of Community Health
Lauren Carruth
Drawing on ethnographic research with Somalis, within aid organizations, and within health care facilities in the Somali Region of Ethiopia, this article argues that what is called "global health diplomacy," despite its origins and articulations in interstate politics, is fundamentally local and interpersonal. As evidence, I outline two very different health programs in the Somali Region of Ethiopia, and how, in each, existing animosities and political grievances were either reinforced or undermined. I argue that the provision of health care in politically insecure and post-conflict settings like the Somali Region of Ethiopia is precarious but pivotal: medical encounters have the potential to either worsen the conditions in which conflicts and crises recur, or build new interpersonal and governmental relations of trust...
June 2016: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Alberto Firenze, Vincenzo Restivo, Valentina Bonanno, Nicola Aleo, Stella Pace, Maria Grazia Laura Marsala, Mario Palermo
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the factors involved in access to Emergency Department (ED) of undocumented immigrants in Lampedusa according to the country of origin. DESIGN: This is a retrospective observational study, carried out on newly arrived undocumented immigrants transferred to ED. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected from medical records of Lampedusa ED between January 2012 and May 2013 on 326 undocumented immigrants. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The outcomes evaluated are demographics characteristics and health condition of undocumented immigrants...
November 2014: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
Lisa M Gargano, Jacqueline E Tate, Umesh D Parashar, Saad B Omer, Susan T Cookson
BACKGROUND: A humanitarian emergency involves a complete breakdown of authority that often disrupts routine health care delivery, including immunization. Diarrheal diseases are a principal cause of morbidity and mortality among children during humanitarian emergencies. The objective of this study was to assess if vaccination against rotavirus, the most common cause of severe diarrhea among children, either as an addition to routine immunization program (RI) or supplemental immunization activity (SIA) would be cost-effective during a humanitarian emergency to decrease diarrhea morbidity and mortality, using Somalia as a case study...
2015: Conflict and Health
Amal R Khanolkar, Sara Wedrén, Birgitta Essén, Pär Sparén, Ilona Koupil
Ethnic minorities/immigrant groups tend to have increased risk for preterm birth. Less is known about this risk in diverse immigrant groups, couples of mixed ethnic-origin and in relation to duration of residence. Data from the Swedish Medical Birth Register on 1,028,303 mothers who gave birth to 1,766,026 singleton live born infants (1982-2002), was linked to the Education and Total Population Registers. Immigrant parents were identified by country of birth. Risk of early preterm, late preterm and postterm birth was analyzed using multinomial logistic regression...
May 2015: European Journal of Epidemiology
Marina Widmann, Abdulkadir Hussein Warsame, Jan Mikulica, Johannes von Beust, Maimuna Mohamud Isse, David Ndetei, Mustafa al'Absi, Michael G Odenwald
In East-African and Arab countries, khat leaves are traditionally chewed in social settings. They contain the amphetamine-like alkaloid cathinone. Especially among Somali refugees, khat use has been associated with psychiatric symptoms. We assessed khat-use patterns and psychiatric symptoms among male Somali refugees living in a disadvantaged urban settlement area in Kenya, a large group that has not yet received scientific attention. We wanted to explore consume patterns and study the associations between khat use, traumatic experiences, and psychotic symptoms...
2014: Frontiers in Public Health
Z Naimy, J Grytten, L Monkerud, A Eskild
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of pre-eclampsia in migrant women with Norwegian women, and to study the prevalence of pre-eclampsia by length of residence in Norway. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: The Medical Birth Registry of Norway. POPULATION: All Norwegian, Pakistani, Vietnamese, Somali, Sri Lankan, Filipino, Iraqi, Thai and Afghan women who gave birth after 20 weeks of gestation during the period 1986-2005 in Norway...
May 2015: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Patricia J Shannon
BACKGROUND: About 45.2 million people were displaced from their homes in 2012 due to persecution, political conflict, generalized violence and human rights violations. Refugees who endure violence are at increased risk of developing chronic psychiatric disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder and major depression. The primary care visit may be the first opportunity to detect the devastating psychological effects of trauma. Physicians and refugees have identified communication barriers that inhibit discussions about mental health...
August 2014: Family Practice
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