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usg trauma

Noor Topno, Sandeep Ghosh, Arup Baruah
A pancreatic pseudocyst arises as a result of acute or chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic trauma, or obstruction of the pancreatic duct by a neoplasm. Most of the pseudocysts are located within the head and the body of the pancreas but 20% are extra-pancreatic. We report a case of a 33-year-old gentleman presenting with acute on chronic alcoholic pancreatitis with hepatic sub-capsular pseudocyst involving left lobe of liver, with intra-cystic bleed was successfully treated with Ultrasonography (USG) guided drainage...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Jitendra Nath Pal, Amiya Kumar Bera, Amarendra Nath Roy, Wasim Bari
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous ruptures of extension pollicis longus tendon predominantly occur after undisplaced or minimally displaced distal radial fracture near Lister tubercle. Systemic inflammatory diseases and systemic or local steroid, mechanical causes like bony ridges, presence of bone plate or external fixator pin may precipitate this. Repetitive uses in certain occupation like cooking, cow milking, tailoring and direct trauma in kick boxer are also identified as cause. In this study it is caused by screw tip that also after 20 years...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Serkan Dogan, Utku Murat Kalafat, Bülent Yüksel, Türker Karaboğa, Mustafa Basturk, Tarik Ocak
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic value of ultrasonography (USG), which is rapid, inexpensive, simple, and does not involve radiation, with that of direct radiography for identifying fractures in the nasal bones of pediatric patients presenting in the emergency department with nasal trauma. EQUIPMENT AND METHODS: Patients under 18years old presenting with nasal trauma at the emergency department included prospectively. The patients' age and sex distribution, trauma type, GCS, physical examination findings, direct radiography, and USG results were recorded...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Salih Kocaoğlu, Ayhan Özhasenekler, Ferhat İçme, Gül Pamukçu Günaydın, Alp Şener, Şervan Gökhan
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of ultrasonography (USG) in identifying metacarpal bone fractures in patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) with hand injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who were admitted to a training and research hospital's ED during the study period with hand trauma and had suspected metacarpal fractures were included in the study. They were examined for metacarpal fracture by USG and x-ray. Hand radiographs reviewed by an emergency physician were considered to be the criterion standard diagnostic tool...
September 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Serdar Baygeldi, Oktay Karakose, Kazım Caglar Özcelik, Hüseyin Pülat, Sedat Damar, Hüseyin Eken, İsmail Zihni, Alpaslan Fedai Çalta, Bilsel Baç
Background and Aim. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of demographic characteristics, biochemical parameters, amount of blood transfusion, and trauma scores on morbidity in patients with solid organ injury following trauma. Material and Method. One hundred nine patients with solid organ injury due to abdominal trauma during January 2005 and October 2015 were examined retrospectively in the General Surgery Department of Dicle University Medical Faculty. Patients' age, gender, trauma interval time, vital status (heart rate, arterial tension, and respiratory rate), hematocrit (HCT) value, serum area aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) values, presence of free abdominal fluid in USG, trauma mechanism, extra-abdominal system injuries, injured solid organs and their number, degree of injury in abdominal CT, number of blood transfusions, duration of hospital stay, time of operation (for those undergoing operation), trauma scores (ISS, RTS, Glasgow coma scale, and TRISS), and causes of morbidity and mortality were examined...
2016: Disease Markers
Hanifi Bayarogullari, Rasim Yanmaz, İsmail Kartal, Gülen Burakgazi
INTRODUCTION: Due to their locations, vertebral arteries (VA) are structures that are rarely injured after traumas. Formation of vertebral pseudo-aneurysm (PA) because of pieces of shrapnel is also rare. It causes clinical findings like cervical mass after the injury CASES PRESENTATION: Two Syrian 12- and 17-year-old male patients were admitted to the Department of Ear, Nose and Throat with the complaint of swelling in the left lower cervical region. In their USG examination which was ordered to investigate the cervical lesion, a lesion consistent with PA which shows a prominently thick wall structure due to circumferential thrombus formation and fibrotic tissue, chaotic flow, and ying-yang appearance in the centrally located cavity of the lesion in a color Doppler examination was detected...
November 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Sinan Karacabey, Erkman Sanrı, Emin Gokhan Gencer, Ozlem Guneysel
BACKGROUND: In this study we aimed to evaluate the success of ultrasonography (USG) for confirming the tube placement and timeliness by tracheal USG and ultrasonographic lung sliding in resuscitation and rapid sequence intubation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a prospective, single-center, observational study conducted in the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital. Patients were prospectively enrolled in the study. Patients who went under emergency intubation because of respiratory failure, cardiac arrest or severe trauma included in the study...
June 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jitender Dabas, Sujata Mohanty, Zainab Chaudhary, Amita Rani
Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is becoming a popular method of reconstruction for maxillofacial bony deformities or defects secondary to trauma or surgical tumor ablation. However, the technique is very sensitive in terms of the rate and rhythm of distraction. Because of this, there is a need for monitoring of the distraction regenerate during the distraction as well as the consolidation period. The present study was conducted to assess the regenerate using two imaging modalities, namely, ultrasonography (USG) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to determine their relative efficacies and to weigh their clinical usefulness in assessment of DO regenerate...
March 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Masoud Pezeshki Rad, Mahyar Mohammadifard, Hassan Ravari, Donya Farrokh, Emad Ansaripour, Elena Saremi
BACKGROUND: Traumatic events are one of the major causes of arterial injuries. Physical examination is not a good predictor of the extent of injuries and arteriography is considered as the gold standard for this purpose. In the recent years, noninvasive modalities are increasingly replacing diagnostic arteriography. Color Doppler ultrasonography (USG) is an excellent method to investigate arterial diseases. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of color Doppler USG compared to conventional angiography in traumatic arterial injuries of extremities...
January 2015: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
Mehmet Aziret, Hasan Erdem, Yiğit Ülgen, Şahin Kahramanca, Süleyman Çetinkünar, Hilmi Bozkurt, İlhan Bali, Oktay İrkörücü
INTRODUCTION: Pneumatosis sistoides intestinalis (PSI) is a rare condition with unknown origin, defined as the appearance of gas-filled cysts in the intestinal wall. It usually occurs due to respiratory infections, tumor or collagen disease, traumas, immunosuppression. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Three patients with PSI were examined that followed up and treated in our clinic. The first patient was hospitalized for emergency treatment of previously diagnosed free-air under the diaphragm...
2014: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Cw Kam, Ch Lai, Sk Lam, Fl So, Cl Lau, Kh Cheung
This review aims to provide a concise overview of the trauma management evolution in the past decade. 1) Trauma care priorities have incorporated staff protection against infection and early decision making in addition to the conventional ABCDE. 2) Five stratified levels for DAM have replaced the non-specific conventional Plans A & B. 3) CT scanning can be the tunnel to death for the hemodynamically unstable patient. 4) DPL has virtually been replaced by the FAST USG. 5) Direct whole-body MDCT provides rapid imaging diagnosis & expedites the definitive treatment but carries high radiation hazards...
2010: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Umashankkar Kannan, Biplab Mishra, Arulselvi Subramanian, Sushma Sagar, Subodh Kumar, Maneesh Singhal
A 20-year-old female with Proteus syndrome sustained splenic injury after fall from a bike. She was initially managed non-operatively at a different hospital for three days and was then referred to our level I trauma center in view of increasing abdominal pain and distention. On admission in the Emergency Department (ED), her pulse rate was 120 per minute and blood pressure was 108/68 mm Hg. Clinical examination showed a distended abdomen with left hypochondrial pain. Ultrasonogram (USG) and Computed Tomography (CT) of the abdomen showed splenomegaly and grade III splenic injury with significant hemoperitoneum...
July 2014: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
Arzu Karlı, Nurşen Belet, Murat Danacı, Gülhadiye Avcu, Şule Paksu, Özlem Köken, Gülnar Şensoy
We aimed in this study to present the clinical findings in children with iliopsoas abscess (IPA) and to discuss the diagnosis and treatment. The files of five patients, hospitalized between August 2011 and June 2013 and monitored with a diagnosis of IPA, were reviewed retrospectively. Demographic characteristics, symptoms and signs, laboratory examinations, and diagnostic and treatment methods of the cases were evaluated. Two of the cases were females and three were males, and their ages ranged from 10 to 15 years...
January 2014: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Abhishek Mahajan, Rajagopal Kadavigere, Smiti Sripathi, Gabriel Sunil Rodrigues, Vedula Rajanikanth Rao, Prakashini Koteshwar
INTRODUCTION: Reliability of serum pancreatic enzyme levels in predicting pancreatic injuries has been a parameter of interest and the present recommendations on its utility are based primarily on anecdotal observations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of serum pancreatic enzyme assessment in predicting blunt pancreatic injury with imaging and surgical correlation and compare our results with a systematic review of literature till date. METHODS: A prospective cohort study conducted over 4 years in a tertiary care referral centre with 164 consecutive patients who presented to the emergency department with a history of blunt abdominal trauma and had serum pancreatic enzyme assessment, USG and subsequent diagnostic CECT were analyzed...
September 2014: Injury
Saptarshi Biswas, Marwa Sidani, Sunil Abrol
Mediastinal hematoma is a rare complication following insertion of a central venous catheter with only few cases reported in the English literature. We report a case of a 71-year-old female who was admitted for elective chemoport placement. USG guided right internal jugular access was attempted using the Seldinger technique. Resistance was met while threading the guidewire. USG showed a chronic clot burden in the RIJ. A microvascular access was established under fluoroscopic guidance. Rest of the procedure was completed without any further issues...
2014: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
Swapnil Parchand, Ramandeep Singh, Swapnil Bhalekar
OBJECTIVE: To find the reliability of ocular ultrasonography (USG) for pre-surgical evaluation in various vitreo-retinal conditions. METHOD: In a retrospective study, a chart review of patients who underwent preoperative USG for various vitreoretinal conditions was done. We correlated findings of preoperative USG with intraoperative findings. RESULTS: 131 of 130 patients were included. Various ocular pathologies included trauma, diabetic vitreous hemorrhage, endophthalmitis, and other causes of vitreous hemorrhage...
July 2014: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Arunkumar Govindarajan, Radha Sarawagi, Manikka Lakshmanan Prakash
A 14-year-old boy presented with upper backache and a painful swelling in the right paraspinal region for 7 days. He had no history of trauma. MRI showed a non-specific ill-defined heterogeneous lesion, which showed intense postcontrast enhancement. Ultrasonogram showed a peripheral sheet of calcification around the lesion. A CT scan showed a faint rim of calcification, which increased in thickness over weeks, confirming the diagnosis as myositis ossificans. We present our approach to the case and also review the imaging features of different stages of the disease process and their differentials...
2013: BMJ Case Reports
Katarzyna Błasińska-Przerwa, Ryszard Pacho, Iwona Bestry
INTRODUCTION: Traumas are the third most common cause of death worldwide, after cardiovascular diseases and neoplasms, and the main cause of death of patients under 40 years of age. Contemporary image diagnosis of chest trauma uses chest X-ray (CXR), multidetector computed tomography (MDCT), transthoracic and transoesophageal ultrasound (USG), X-ray angiography and magnetic resonance. The aim of the present study was to evaluate MDCT results in the examination of posttraumatic chest injuries and to compare the results of CXR and MDCT in chosen chest traumatic injuries...
2013: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
Madhukar Dayal, Shivanand Gamanagatti, Atin Kumar
Renal injuries are classified, based on the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma classification, in to five grades of injury. Several imaging modalities have been available for assessing the grade of renal injury, each with their usefulness and limitations. Currently, plain radiographs and intravenous urography have no role in the evaluation of patients with suspected renal injury. Ultrasonography (USG) has a limited role in evaluating patients with suspected retroperitoneal injury; however, it plays an important role during follow up in patients with urinoma formation...
August 28, 2013: World Journal of Radiology
Meka Srinivasa Rao, Kalyanpur Arjun
The purpose of this article is to depict the spectrum of scrotal injuries in blunt trauma. Scrotal injuries are not very common and are mostly due to blunt trauma from direct injury, sports injuries or motor vehicle accidents. To minimize complications and ensure testicular salvage, rapid and accurate diagnosis is necessary. High-resolution USG is the investigation of choice, as it is readily available, accurate and has been seen to improve outcomes. An understanding of and familiarity with the sonographic appearance of scrotal injuries on the part of the radiologist/sonographer is therefore of key importance...
October 2012: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
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