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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538063/analysis-of-scalp-and-forehead-injuries-in-a-level-i-trauma-center
#1
Kelly B Currie, Phillip Ross, Peter Collister, Raffi Gurunluoglu
Traumatic scalp and forehead injuries are frequently encountered in the acute setting in Level I trauma centers. This is a Level IV Therapeutic/Care Management article describing a retrospective review that analyzed a single Plastic and Reconstructive surgeon's experience treating these injuries in patients, over an 8-year period from 2006 to 2014. Fewer complications were seen in patients treated within 7 days of injury. When treating these patients, a surgeon should possess several key attributes. The ability to perform adequate primary debridement, knowledge, and familiarity with the intricate anatomy in this region, and experience with simple and complex reconstructive algorithms-are all crucial to obtaining optimal functional and aesthetic outcomes in this anatomic region...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532576/-tobacco-and-plastic-surgery-an-absolute-contraindication
#2
C Matusiak, A De Runz, H Maschino, M Brix, E Simon, F Claudot
INTRODUCTION: Smoking increases perioperative risk regarding wound healing, infection rate and failure of microsurgical procedures. There is no present consensus about plastic and aesthetic surgical indications concerning smoking patients. The aim of our study is to analyze French plastic surgeons practices concerning smokers. METHOD: A questionnaire was send by e-mail to French plastic surgeons in order to evaluate their own operative indications: patient information about smoking dangers, pre- and postoperative delay of smoking cessation, type of intervention carried out, smoking cessation supports, use of screening test and smoking limit associated to surgery refusing were studied...
May 19, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529417/nasolabial-perforator-flap-for-one-stage-reconstruction-of-nasal-defects
#3
Siddharth Prakash, Ritesh Panda, Vivek Kumar, Shiv Shankar Saha, Lalit Choudhary, Anurag Pandey, J Sasidhar Reddy
BACKGROUND: The excellent freedom of movement and range of this flap when based on a the nasolabial perforator flap have not been sufficiently explored. In this study, along with demonstrating the other key advantages of this flap over its traditional counterpart, we will endeavour to fill these lacunae in the available literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From February 2009 to February 2012, twenty patients with nasal defects were repaired with a nasolabial perforator flap in the Department of Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi...
January 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516202/-plastic-reconstruction-of-radiation-injuries
#4
P M Vogt, T R Mett, C Henkenberens, C Radtke, R Ipaktchi
In addition to surgical and drug therapy, radiotherapy (or radiation therapy) is one of the three mainstays of modern oncological therapy regimes. It uses ionizing radiation to control tumors by damaging the DNA of cancerous tissue leading to cellular death. Although advances have been made in recent years resulting in a reduced dosage to the surrounding tissues, radiation injuries and tissue-related side effects cannot be completely avoided. Knowledge of the pathophysiology, treatment modalities and interdisciplinary treatment approaches are essential for effective therapy whilst limiting side effects...
May 17, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514124/-partial-breast-reconstruction-by-modified-breast-reduction-techniques
#5
REVIEW
Dean D Ad-El, Sagit Meshulam Derazon, Eran Sharon, Asaf Olshinka
Partial resections of the breast are more than 50% of breast oncological surgery. The resulting defect can be substantial and cause meaningful deformity that leads to reduced body image satisfaction of the patients, affecting their ability to cope with the cancer. Parallel to the development of breast oncology techniques, an evolution of breast reconstruction techniques occurred. During the last decade, by using techniques from cosmetic breast surgery (such as breast reductions, augmentations and mastopexies), we can reconstruct extensive partial defects of the breasts at the immediate and delayed setting and achieve symmetrical aesthetic results...
July 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507850/distally-based-sural-artery-peroneus-flap-dbspf-for-foot-and-ankle-reconstruction
#6
Ahmed Ali Ebrahiem, Raj Kumar Manas, Gustavo Vinagre
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of soft-tissue defects in lower third of leg, ankle, and foot has been a challenge and reconstructive surgeons have been trying to innovate different flaps. To solve this issue, we propose a distally based sural artery peroneus flap (DBSPF) in which we include superficial portion of the peroneus brevis muscle and its blood supply with the peroneal artery distally. The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional outcome and its usefulness over conventional distal sural artery flap or other local options available...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499134/digit-ratio-2d-4d-and-postoperative-pain-perception
#7
Anna Kasielska-Trojan, Piotr Stabryła, Bogusław Antoszewski
BACKGROUNDS: It has not been established whether sex differences in pain perception are influenced by prenatal sex hormones. Digit ratio as an indicator of prenatal hormone exposure can be used as a simple measure of the influence of prenatal hormones on pain sensitivity or perception in adulthood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine a correlation between the 2D:4D ratio and pain perception in the postoperative period after rhinoplasty. METHOD: A prospective cohort study of 100 patients (50 women of the mean age of 30...
May 9, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497024/decisional-pathways-in-breast-augmentation-how-to-improve-outcomes-through-accurate-pre-operative-planning
#8
REVIEW
Maurizio B Nava, Nicola Rocco, Gianfranco Tunesi, Giuseppe Catanuto, Alberto Rancati, Julio Dorr
Breast augmentation is the most commonly performed surgical procedure in aesthetic plastic surgery. Accurate pre-operative planning is crucial to obtain the best outcomes. We present our planning method deriving from a more than 30-year experience in aesthetic breast surgery, matching together patients tissues' characteristics and patients' wishes. We schematized our planning method in an easy-to-use flow diagram to help the decisional process in breast augmentation.
April 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494382/a-computer-supported-management-of-photographic-documentation-in-plastic-surgery-system-development-and-its-clinical-application
#9
Karol Korczak, Anna Kasielska-Trojan, Marian Niedźwiedziński, Bogusław Antoszewski
Photographic documentation is very important for plastic, reconstructive, and especially aesthetic surgery procedures. It can be used to improve patient care as well as to carry out scientific research. The results of our previous studies confirmed a strong demand for Information Technology (IT) systems dedicated to plastic surgery. Unfortunately, most of the solutions of this type are not suited to the actual needs. For this reason we decided to develop a reliable system for photographic documentation storage...
May 3, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481477/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-prepectoral-breast-reconstruction-with-braxon-dermal-matrix-first-multicenter-european-report-on-100-cases
#10
Raghavan Vidya, Jaume Masià, Simon Cawthorn, Giorgio Berna, Fernando Bozza, Alexander Gardetto, Agnieszka Kołacińska, Francesco Dell'Antonia, Cesare Tiengo, Franco Bassetto, Glenda G Caputo, Maurizio Governa
We report the outcomes of the European prospective study on prepectoral breast reconstruction using preshaped acellular dermal matrix for complete breast implant coverage. Seventy-nine patients were enrolled between April 2014 and August 2015 all over Europe using a single protocol for patient selection and surgical procedure, according to the Association of Breast Surgery and British Association of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons joint guidelines for the use of acellular dermal matrix in breast surgery...
May 8, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464217/oncoplastic-breast-surgery-achieving-oncological-and-aesthetic-outcomes
#11
Maaike W van Paridon, Parisa Kamali, Marek A Paul, Winona Wu, Ahmed M S Ibrahim, Kari J Kansal, Mary Jane Houlihan, Donald J Morris, Bernard T Lee, Samuel J Lin, Ranjna Sharma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Oncoplastic reconstruction allows more patients to become candidates for breast-conserving surgery (BCS). Oncologic resection of a breast lesion is combined with plastic surgical techniques to improve aesthetic results. Choosing the best oncoplastic method is essential to optimize outcomes, improve cosmesis, and minimize postoperative complications. The aim of this study is to present a treatment algorithm incorporating oncoplastic techniques based on diagnosis, tumor size, tumor location, and breast size and shape...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462781/a-new-approach-to-nasomaxillary-complex-type-of-nasal-bone-fracture-clip-operation
#12
Gyu Sik Jung, Joon Hyun Kwon, Jeong Woo Lee, Jung Dug Yang, Ho Yun Chung, Byung-Chae Cho, Kang Young Choi
PURPOSE: Nasal bone fractures comprise almost 40% of all facial injuries. Most are initially reduced using closed reduction. This study introduces a newly developed method, the clip operation via endonasal approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The operation was performed in these patients by a single surgeon extensively experienced in facial bone fractures. An absorbable mesh plate made into a clip was used for fixation after open reduction via the endonasal approach...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458968/the-aesthetic-items-scale-a-tool-for-the-evaluation-of-aesthetic-outcome-after-breast-reconstruction
#13
Rieky E G Dikmans, Lauren E H Nene, Mark-Bram Bouman, Henrica C W de Vet, Marc A M Mureau, Marlon E Buncamper, Hay A H Winters, Marco J P F Ritt, Margriet G Mullender
BACKGROUND: Valid tools to assess aesthetic outcomes after breast reconstructive surgery are scarce. Previously a professional aesthetic assessment scale was introduced, the Aesthetic Items Scale (AIS). We aim to determine if this method is a valid and reliable tool to assess aesthetic outcome after breast reconstructive surgery. METHODS: The study population was consenting women who underwent prophylactic mastectomy with subsequent implant-based breast reconstruction...
March 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445382/evidence-based-medicine-in-aesthetic-surgery-the-significance-of-level-to-aesthetic-surgery
#14
Rod J Rohrich, Min-Jeong Cho
Since its popularization in the 1980s, evidence-based medicine has become the cornerstone of American health care. Many specialties rapidly adapted to the paradigm shift of health care by delivering treatment using the evidence-based guidelines. However, the field of plastic surgery has been slow to implement evidence-based medicine compared with the other specialties because of the challenges of performing randomized controlled trials, such as funding, variability in surgical skills, and difficulty with standardization of techniques...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432415/use-of-computer-imaging-in-rhinoplasty-a-survey-of-the-practices-of-facial-plastic-surgeons
#15
Prabhjyot Singh, Steven Pearlman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to quantify the use of computer imaging by facial plastic surgeons. METHODS: AAFPRS Facial plastic surgeons were surveyed about their use of computer imaging during rhinoplasty consultations. The survey collected information about surgeon demographics, practice settings, practice patterns, and rates of computer imaging (CI) for primary and revision rhinoplasty. For those surgeons who used CI, additional information was also collected, which included who performed the imaging and whether the patient was given the morphed images after the consultation...
April 21, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374302/reduction-mammaplasty-for-breast-symmetrisation-in-implant-based-reconstructions
#16
Fabrizio De Biasio, Nicola Zingaretti, Francesca De Lorenzi, Michele Riccio, Luca Vaienti, Pier Camillo Parodi
BACKGROUND: Healthy breast surgery constitutes an important step to achieve symmetry in unilateral implant-based reconstructions. We analysed long-term results of breast symmetry obtained with reduction mammaplasties, and we evaluated whether different glandular pedicles may better preserve long-term stability. METHOD: Between 2006 and 2012, 90 patients underwent mastectomy and immediate reconstruction with tissue expanders and simultaneous contralateral reduction mammaplasty...
April 3, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369293/report-on-mortality-from-gluteal-fat-grafting-recommendations-from-the-aserf-task-force
#17
M Mark Mofid, Steven Teitelbaum, Daniel Suissa, Arturo Ramirez-Montañana, Denis C Astarita, Constantino Mendieta, Robert Singer
Background: Gluteal fat grafting is among the fastest growing aesthetic procedures in the United States and around the world. Given numerous anecdotal and published reports of fatal and nonfatal pulmonary fat embolism resulting from this procedure, the Aesthetic Surgery Education and Research Foundation (ASERF) formed a Task Force to study this complication. Objectives: To determine the incidence of fatal and nonfatal pulmonary fat embolism associated with gluteal fat grafting and provide recommendations to decrease the risks of the procedure...
March 21, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363107/do-online-reviews-diminish-physician-authority-the-case-of-cosmetic-surgery-in-the-u-s
#18
Alka V Menon
This article analyzes the substance and perception of online physician reviews, which are qualitative and quantitative assessments of physicians written and shared by patients, in the case of U.S. cosmetic surgery. Like other cash-pay medical specialties, cosmetic surgery is elective and paid for largely out of pocket, with patients having latitude in their choice of surgeon. Drawing on qualitative data from interviews, observations of an American Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery professional meeting, and online reviews from the platforms RealSelf and Yelp, I identify two interdependent contributors to physician authority: reputation and expertise...
May 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334371/comparative-study-of-functional-nasal-reconstruction-using-structural-reinforcement
#19
Waleed H Ezzat, Sara W Liu
Importance: Nasal reconstruction after Mohs surgery is a unique challenge in that it must satisfy both functional and aesthetic goals. Despite some advocacy in the literature for using structural reinforcement to achieve both functional and aesthetic outcomes in soft-tissue reconstruction, no study has validated this claim by comparing reconstruction with and without structural support. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of and need for structural reinforcement when reconstructing the nasal alar and sidewall subunits...
March 23, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333260/commentary-on-resident-and-program-director-perceptions-of-aesthetic-training-in-plastic-surgery-residency-an-update
#20
Susie Rhee, James C Grotting
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
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