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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736318/psma-targeted-18-f-dcfpyl-pet-ct-in-the-preoperative-staging-of-men-with-high-risk-prostate-cancer-results-of-a-prospective-phase-ii-single-center-study
#1
Michael A Gorin, Steven P Rowe, Hiten D Patel, Igor Vidal, Margarita Mana-Ay, Mehrbod S Javadi, Lilja B Solnes, Ashley E Ross, Edward M Schaeffer, Trinity J Bivalacqua, Alan W Partin, Kenneth J Pienta, Zsolt Szabo, Angelo M De Marzo, Martin G Pomper, Mohamad E Allaf
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the diagnostic performance of PSMA-targeted (18)F-DCFPyL PET/CT in the preoperative staging of men at high risk of harboring metastatic prostate cancer despite a negative conventional staging evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men with clinically localized high or very-high risk prostate cancer were imaged with (18)F-DCFPyL PET/CT prior to undergoing radical prostatectomy with a standardized pelvic lymph node dissection. PET/CT scans were interpreted by two blinded nuclear medicine readers and were assessed for inter-reader variability as well as diagnostic accuracy for pelvic lymph node staging...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730814/persistent-urban-influence-on-surface-water-quality-via-impacted-groundwater
#2
Rachel S Gabor, Steven J Hall, David Eiriksson, Yusuf Jameel, Mallory Millington, Trinity Stout, Michelle L Barnes, Andrew Gelderloos, Hyrum Tennant, Gabriel J Bowen, Bethany T Neilson, Paul D Brooks
Growing urban environments stress hydrologic systems and impact downstream water quality. We examined a third-order catchment that transitions from an undisturbed mountain environment into urban Salt Lake City, Utah. We performed synoptic surveys during a range of seasonal baseflow conditions and utilized multiple lines of evidence to identify mechanisms by which urbanization impacts water quality. Surface water chemistry did not change appreciably until several kilometers into the urban environment, where concentrations of solutes such as chloride and nitrate increase quickly in a gaining reach...
July 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728885/characterization-of-the-neuropeptidome-of-a-southern-ocean-decapod-the-antarctic-shrimp-chorismus-antarcticus-focusing-on-a-new-decapod-itp-like-peptide-belonging-to-the-chh-peptide-family
#3
Jean-Yves Toullec, Erwan Corre, Perrine Mandon, Marcelo Gonzalez-Aravena, Céline Ollivaux, Chi-Ying Lee
As part of the study of the resilience of Antarctic crustaceans to global warming, the shrimp Chorismus antarcticus was subjected to an analysis of global approach using the Next Generation Sequencing Illumina Hi-Seq platform. With this data a detailed study into the principal neuropeptides and neurohormones of this species have been undertaken. Total RNAs from whole animals were enriched with eyestalk extracts to ensure maximum sequencing depth of the different neurohormones and neuropeptides mainly expressed into the X organ-sinus gland complex, which is a major endocrine organ of their synthesis...
July 17, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709874/analysis-of-hospital-readmissions-after-prosthetic-urologic-surgery-in-the-united-states-nationally-representative-estimates-of-causes-costs-and-predictive-factors
#4
Filippo Pederzoli, Meera R Chappidi, Sarah Collica, Max Kates, Gregory A Joice, Nikolai A Sopko, Francesco Montorsi, Andrea Salonia, Trinity J Bivalacqua
BACKGROUND: The surgical treatment of urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction by prosthetic devices has become part of urologic practice, although sparse data exist at a national level on readmissions and hospital costs. AIM: To assess causes and costs of early (≤30 days) and late (31-90 days) readmissions after implantation of penile prostheses (PPs), artificial urinary sphincters (AUSs), or PP + AUS. METHODS: Using the 2013 and 2014 US Nationwide Readmission Databases, sociodemographic characteristics, hospital costs, and causes of readmission were compared among PP, AUS and AUS + PP surgeries...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687497/the-protein-encoded-by-the-ccdc170-breast-cancer-gene-functions-to-organize-the-golgi-microtubule-network
#5
Pengtao Jiang, Yueran Li, Andrey Poleshko, Valentina Medvedeva, Natalia Baulina, Yongchao Zhang, Yan Zhou, Carolyn M Slater, Trinity Pellegrin, Jason Wasserman, Michael Lindy, Andrey Efimov, Mary Daly, Richard A Katz, Xiaowei Chen
Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) and subsequent fine-mapping studies (>50) have implicated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located at the CCDC170/C6ORF97-ESR1 locus (6q25.1) as being associated with the risk of breast cancer. Surprisingly, our analysis using genome-wide differential allele-specific expression (DASE), an indicator for breast cancer susceptibility, suggested that the genetic alterations of CCDC170, but not ESR1, account for GWAS-associated breast cancer risk at this locus. Breast cancer-associated CCDC170 nonsense mutations and rearrangements have also been detected, with the latter being specifically implicated in driving breast cancer...
June 27, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663291/draft-genome-sequence-of-anoxybacillusayderensis-strain-mt-cab-firmicutes
#6
Vera Thiel, Marcus Tank, Lynn P Tomsho, Richard Burhans, Scott E Gay, Trinity L Hamilton, Stephan C Schuster, Donald A Bryant
The draft genome of the Gram-positive spore-forming Anoxybacillus ayderensis strain MT-Cab (Firmicutes), isolated from an enrichment culture of Chloracidobacterium thermophilum, was sequenced and comprises 2,577,015 bp in 92 contigs. The draft genome is predicted to consist of 2,699 protein-coding genes, 73 tRNA-coding genes, and an estimated 8 rRNA operons.
June 29, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649496/de-novo-transcriptome-assembly-of-loggerhead-sea-turtle-nesting-of-the-colombian-caribbean
#7
Javier Hernández-Fernández, Andrés Pinzón, Leonardo Mariño-Ramírez
Loggerhead sea turtle Caretta caretta is widely distributed in the oceans of tropical and subtropical latitude. This turtle is an endangered species due to anthropic and natural factors that have decreased their population levels. In this study, RNA sequencing and de-novo assembly of genes expressed in blood were performed. The raw FASTQ files have been deposited on NCBI's SRA database with accession number SRX2629512. A total of 5.4 Gb raw sequence data were obtained, corresponding to 48,257,019 raw reads...
September 2017: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646867/a-high-quality-annotated-transcriptome-of-swine-peripheral-blood
#8
Haibo Liu, Timothy P L Smith, Dan J Nonneman, Jack C M Dekkers, Christopher K Tuggle
BACKGROUND: High throughput gene expression profiling assays of peripheral blood are widely used in biomedicine, as well as in animal genetics and physiology research. Accurate, comprehensive, and precise interpretation of such high throughput assays relies on well-characterized reference genomes and/or transcriptomes. However, neither the reference genome nor the peripheral blood transcriptome of the pig have been sufficiently assembled and annotated to support such profiling assays in this emerging biomedical model organism...
June 24, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622525/atm-atr-and-dna-pk-the-trinity-at-the-heart-of-the-dna-damage-response
#9
REVIEW
Andrew N Blackford, Stephen P Jackson
In vertebrate cells, the DNA damage response is controlled by three related kinases: ATM, ATR, and DNA-PK. It has been 20 years since the cloning of ATR, the last of the three to be identified. During this time, our understanding of how these kinases regulate DNA repair and associated events has grown profoundly, although major questions remain unanswered. Here, we provide a historical perspective of their discovery and discuss their established functions in sensing and responding to genotoxic stress. We also highlight what is known regarding their structural similarities and common mechanisms of regulation, as well as emerging non-canonical roles and how our knowledge of ATM, ATR, and DNA-PK is being translated to benefit human health...
June 15, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601440/a-transcriptomic-resource-for-the-northern-krill-meganyctiphanes-norvegica-based-on-a-short-term-temperature-exposure-experiment
#10
Leocadio Blanco-Bercial, Amy E Maas
The northern krill, Meganyctiphanes norvegica, is an important component of the pelagic food web across the North Atlantic. Widespread from the Mediterranean to the Subarctic Atlantic, populations appear to be strongly adapted to local temperatures, and seem to have very little plasticity. The goal of this study was to create and annotate a de novo transcriptome assembly to allow for comparative and physiological studies and to explore the gene expression response of M. norvegica from the Gulf of Maine to two different temperature conditions...
June 7, 2017: Marine Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597078/spectrum-of-genetic-mutations-in-de-novo-punlmp-of-the-urinary-bladder
#11
Maria Del Carmen Rodriguez Pena, Aline C Tregnago, Marie-Lisa Eich, Simeon Springer, Yuxuan Wang, Diana Taheri, Dilek Ertoy, Kazutoshi Fujita, Stephania M Bezerra, Isabela W Cunha, Maria Rosaria Raspollini, Lijia Yu, Trinity J Bivalacqua, Nickolas Papadopoulos, Kenneth W Kinzler, Bert Vogelstein, George J Netto
Our group and others have previously demonstrated the presence of TERT promoter mutations (TERT-mut) in 60-80% of urothelial carcinomas and some of their histologic variants. Five other genes have been frequently implicated in bladder cancer: FGRF3, TP53, PIK3CA, HRAS, and CDKN2A. In the current study, we sought to determine the prevalence of mutations in TERT and these five other genes in de novo papillary urothelial neoplasms of low malignant potential (PUNLMP) of the urinary bladder. A retrospective search of our archives for PUNLMP was performed and 30 de novo cases were identified and included in the study...
June 8, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589829/royal-trinity-hospice
#12
(no author information available yet)
Royal Trinity Hospice in south London has developed an app to help patients and carers navigate palliative care and access the support available to them.
June 7, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588015/intravesical-bcg-induces-cd4-t-cell-expansion-in-an-immune-competent-model-of-bladder-cancer
#13
Max Kates, Thomas Nirschl, Nikolai A Sopko, Hotaka Matsui, Christina M Kochel, Leonardo O Reis, George J Netto, Mohammad Hoque, Noah M Hahn, David J McConkey, Alex S Baras, Charles G Drake, Trinity J Bivalacqua
Intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunotherapy is the standard of care in treating non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer, yet its mechanism of action remains elusive. Both innate and adaptive immune responses have been implicated in BCG activity. Although prior research has indirectly demonstrated the importance of T cells and shown a rise in CD4(+) T cells in bladder tissue after BCG, T-cell subpopulations have not been fully characterized. We investigated the relationship between effector and regulatory T cells in an immune competent, clinically relevant rodent model of bladder cancer...
July 2017: Cancer Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567408/evidence-based-adaptation-and-scale-up-of-a-mobile-phone-health-information-service
#14
Kelly L'Engle, Kate F Plourde, Trinity Zan
BACKGROUND: The research base recommending the use of mobile phone interventions for health improvement is growing at a rapid pace. The use of mobile phones to deliver health behavior change and maintenance interventions in particular is gaining a robust evidence base across geographies, populations, and health topics. However, research on best practices for successfully scaling mHealth interventions is not keeping pace, despite the availability of frameworks for adapting and scaling health programs...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559923/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-sexually-transmitted-infections-stis-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-swaziland
#15
Themba G Ginindza, Cristina D Stefan, Joyce M Tsoka-Gwegweni, Xolisile Dlamini, Pauline E Jolly, Elisabete Weiderpass, Nathalie Broutet, Benn Sartorius
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) remain an important public health problem with approximately half a billion new cases annually among persons aged 15-49 years. Epidemiological data on STIs among women of reproductive age in Swaziland are limited. The availability of epidemiological data on STIs and associated risk factors in this population is essential for the development of successful prevention, diagnosis and management strategies in the country. The study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with STIs...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553331/rhoa-rock-activation-in-major-pelvic-ganglion-mediates-caspase-3-dependent-nitrergic-neuronal-apoptosis-following-cavernous-nerve-injury
#16
Michael Bell, Nikolai A Sopko, Hotaka Matsui, Johanna L Hannan, Trinity J Bivalacqua
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545860/de-novo-transcriptome-assembly-and-annotation-for-the-desert-rainbowfish-melanotaenia-splendida-tatei-with-comparison-with-candidate-genes-for-future-climates
#17
Katie Gates, Jonathan Sandoval-Castillo, Louis Bernatchez, Luciano B Beheregaray
Transcriptomics via RNA-seq has rapidly emerged as a powerful tool for ecological and evolutionary studies, enabling genome-scale studies of adaptation via regulation of global gene expression. Here we present a de novo transcriptome for the desert rainbowfish (Melanotaenia splendida tatei) based on individuals sampled in the Lake Eyre Basin, Australia's arid zone river system. Recently developed methods in RNA-seq and bioinformatics were used for sequencing, assembling and annotating a high-quality liver transcriptome suitable for studies of ecology and adaptation in desert rainbowfish...
May 22, 2017: Marine Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502716/neuropeptides-predicted-from-the-transcriptome-analysis-of-the-gray-garden-slug-deroceras-reticulatum
#18
Seung-Joon Ahn, Ruth Martin, Sujaya Rao, Man-Yeon Choi
The gray garden slug, Deroceras reticulatum (Gastropoda: Pulmonata), is one of the most common terrestrial molluscs. Research for this slug has focused mainly on its ecology, biology, and management due to the severe damage it causes on a wide range of vegetables and field crops. However, little is known about neuropeptides and hormonal signalings. This study, therefore, aimed to establish the transcriptome of D. reticulatum and to identify a comprehensive repertoire of neuropeptides in this slug. Illumina high-throughput sequencing of the whole body transcriptome of D...
May 11, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490600/something-is-definitely-better-than-nothing-simple-strategies-to-prevent-vascular-dysfunction
#19
Joel D Trinity
Understanding the negative health consequences of a physical inactivity has been the topic of much investigation as an alarming number of adults have adopted a sedentary lifestyle. With the rise in sedentarism the field of inactivity physiology has emerged. The goal of inactivity physiology is to identify the impact in inactivity on health and develop strategies that effectively minimize the risk of a sedentary lifestyle. Arising from this field is the finding that excessive sitting is linked to increased cardiovascular and metabolic disease and all-cause mortality...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486811/characterizing-the-noble-gas-isotopic-composition-of-the-barnett-shale-and-strawn-group-and-constraining-the-source-of-stray-gas-in-the-trinity-aquifer-north-central-texas
#20
Tao Wen, M Clara Castro, Jean-Philippe Nicot, Chris M Hall, Daniele L Pinti, Patrick Mickler, Roxana Darvari, Toti Larson
This study presents the complete set of stable noble gases for Barnett Shale and Strawn Group production gas together with stray flowing gas in the Trinity Aquifer, Texas. It places new constraints on the source of this stray gas and further shows that Barnett and Strawn gas have distinct crustal and atmospheric noble gas signatures, allowing clear identification of these two sources. Like stray gas, Strawn gas is significantly more enriched in crustal (4)He*, (21)Ne*, and (40)Ar* than Barnett gas. The similarity of Strawn and stray gas crustal noble gas signatures suggests that the Strawn is the source of stray gas in the Trinity Aquifer...
June 6, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
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