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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906530/medicare-program-hospital-outpatient-prospective-payment-and-ambulatory-surgical-center-payment-systems-and-quality-reporting-programs-organ-procurement-organization-reporting-and-communication-transplant-outcome-measures-and-documentation-requirements-electronic
#1
(no author information available yet)
This final rule with comment period revises the Medicare hospital outpatient prospective payment system (OPPS) and the Medicare ambulatory surgical center (ASC) payment system for CY 2017 to implement applicable statutory requirements and changes arising from our continuing experience with these systems. In this final rule with comment period, we describe the changes to the amounts and factors used to determine the payment rates for Medicare services paid under the OPPS and those paid under the ASC payment system...
November 14, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906529/genes-behavior-and-behavior-genetics
#2
REVIEW
Evan Charney
According to the 'first law' of behavior genetics, 'All human behavioral traits are heritable.' Accepting the validity of this first law and employing statistical methods, researchers within psychology, sociology, political science, economics, and business claim to have demonstrated that all the behaviors studied by their disciplines are heritable-no matter how culturally specific these behaviors appear to be. Further, in many cases they claim to have identified specific genes that play a role in those behaviors...
December 1, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906522/educating-executive-function
#3
REVIEW
Clancy Blair
Executive functions are thinking skills that assist with reasoning, planning, problem solving, and managing one's life. The brain areas that underlie these skills are interconnected with and influenced by activity in many different brain areas, some of which are associated with emotion and stress. One consequence of the stress-specific connections is that executive functions, which help us to organize our thinking, tend to be disrupted when stimulation is too high and we are stressed out, or too low when we are bored and lethargic...
December 1, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906490/exhaled-nitric-oxide-in-the-diagnosis-of-asthma-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#4
Sue E Harnan, Munira Essat, Tim Gomersall, Paul Tappenden, Ian Pavord, Mark Everard, Rod Lawson
OBJECTIVES: To identify and synthesise evidence on the diagnostic accuracy of FE NO for asthma in adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic searches (nine key biomedical databases and trial registers) were carried out to November 2014. Records were included if they: recruited patients with the symptoms of asthma; used a single set of inclusion criteria; measured FE NO50 in accordance with American Thoracic Society guidelines, 2005 (off-line excluded); reported/allowed calculation of true positive, true negative, false positive and false negative patients as classified against any reference standard...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906483/electrochemical-oxidation-and-radical-cations-of-structurally-non-rigid-hypervalent-silatranes-theoretical-and-experimental-studies
#5
Valery Fedorovich Sidorkin, Elena Fedorovna Belogolova, Yu Wang, Viatcheslav Jouikov, Evgeniya Pavlovna Doronina
Using 18 silatranes XSi(OCH2CH2)3N (1) as an example, the potentials of electrochemical oxidation E0 of the hypervalent compounds of Si were calculated for the first time at the ab initio and DFT levels. The experimental peak potentials Ep show an excellent agreement (MAE = 0.03) with the MP2//B3PW91 calculated E0 (C-PCM). Radical cations of 1 reveal a "stretch isomerism" of the NSi dative bond. Localization of the spin density (SD) on the substituent X and the short (s) coordination contact Si…N (dSiN < 2...
December 1, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906441/ten-years-experience-with-breast-reconstruction-after-salvage-mastectomy-in-previously-irradiated-patients-analysis-of-outcomes-satisfaction-and-well-being
#6
B Cagli, M Barone, E Ippolito, A Cogliandro, S Silipigni, S Ramella, P Persichetti
OBJECTIVE: Reconstruction following mastectomy offers women an opportunity to mollify some of the emotional and aesthetic effects of this devastating disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The authors reviewed the files of 83 patients who underwent immediate postmastectomy reconstruction with tissue expander between January of 2003 and June of 2012 at our hospital. The patients were divided into two groups: Group A (study group) included 30 patients with previous quadrantectomy and radiotherapy who underwent salvage mastectomy after local recurrence; Group B (control group) included 53 patients submitted to primary radical mastectomy...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906427/the-role-of-diet-on-gut-microbiota-composition
#7
S Bibbò, G Ianiro, V Giorgio, F Scaldaferri, L Masucci, A Gasbarrini, G Cammarota
Gut microbiota is characterized by an inter-individual variability due to genetic and environmental factors. Among the environmental ones, dietary habits play a key role in the modulation of gut microbiota composition. There are main differences between the intestinal microbiota of subjects fed with prevalent Western diet and that of subjects with a diet rich in fibers. Specific changes in the composition of gut microbiota have been demonstrated among subjects according to a different dietary intake. A particular diet may promote the growth of specific bacterial strains, driving hosts to a consequent alteration of fermentative metabolism, with a direct effect on intestinal pH, which can be responsible for the development of a pathogenic flora...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906426/continuous-monitoring-of-intracranial-pressure-for-prediction-of-postoperative-complications-of-hypertensive-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#8
S-X Yu, Q-S Zhang, Y Yin, Z Liu, J-M Wu, M-X Yang
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the value of continuous dynamic monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage to predict early postoperative complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 80 patients treated in our hospital from February 2014 to February 2015 were analyzed. The patients all underwent decompressive craniectomies, and their ICP changes were monitored invasively and continuously for 1 to 7 days after surgery...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906423/analysis-of-factors-influenced-by-the-effectiveness-of-non-invasive-ventilation-in-the-treatment-of-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-with-different-severities
#9
J-J Zhu, L-J Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of levels of procalcitonin (PCT) and blood lactic acid with the effectiveness of the non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in the treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) with different severities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used a case-control method to study patients who were admitted for AECOPD to the ICU at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2014...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906413/comparison-of-psychodrug-prescription-patterns-in-patients-diagnosed-with-bipolar-disorder-and-addiction
#10
Diego Barral, Fátima Barral, Nuria Cruz, Juan D Molina, Victoria Sánchez, Teresa Rosique
OBJECTIVE: To describe if there are differences in the prescription of psychodrug at discharge between bipolar disorder patients with or without addiction. METHODS: We review all the psychotropic drugs dispensed to inpatients of a brief hospitalization psychiatric unit diagnosed as having bipolar disorder at time of discharge. We recluted 225 patients over 18 years old on their last manic episode, between the year 2000 and 2010. We classify them according to the comorbid presence or not of a substance abuse or dependence disorder...
November 2016: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906400/facile-synthesis-and-shape-evolution-of-well-defined-phosphotungstic-acid-potassium-nanocrystals-as-a-highly-efficient-visible-light-driven-photocatalyst
#11
Xinran Li, Huaiguo Xue, Huan Pang
Uniform and hollow rhombic dodecahedral, rhombic dodecahedral, spherical, and semi-hollow K3PW12O40·nH2O nanocrystals are fabricated without any surfactants or templating agents in mild hydrothermal conditions. The shape evolution and growth of these crystals are studied by changing different reaction parameters, such as the reagent, time and temperature. It is found that the temperature and time have significant effects on the possible growth processes of these nanostructures. More importantly, according to photocatalytic results, due to the specific nanostructure-hollow rhombic dodecahedral structure, the hollow rhombic dodecahedral K3PW12O40·nH2O particles with nanopores are shown to be the most effective at activating H2O2, degrading dye pollutants completely after 90 minutes of visible light radiation...
December 1, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906195/congenital-hypothyroidism-with-delayed-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-elevation-in-premature-infants-born-at-less-than-30-weeks-gestation
#12
D C Kaluarachchi, T T Colaizy, L M Pesce, M Tansey, J M Klein
OBJECTIVE: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) with delayed thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) elevation is a common form of thyroid dysfunction among premature infants. Routine newborn screening (NBS) may miss infants with CH with delayed TSH elevation. The objective of the study is to determine the prevalence of CH with delayed TSH elevation in premature infants and to identify associated risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of serum thyroid function screening (TFS) at day of life 30 in premature infants <30 weeks gestation, admitted to University of Iowa Neonatal Intensive Care Unit between 1 July 2012 to 30 June 2015...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906154/-factors-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity-in-schoolchildren-from-8-to-9-years-old-barcelona-spain
#13
Francesca Sánchez-Martínez, Peter Torres Capcha, Gemma Serral Cano, Sara Valmayor Safont, Conxa Castell Abat, Carles Ariza Cardenal
OBJECTIVE: Childhood overweight and obesity have increased progressively in the last decades, especially in countries of Southern Europe. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of overweight, obesity and its determinants in schoolchildren between 8-9 years old from Barcelona. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of 3,262 schoolchildren in 2011. Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated following the criteria established by the World Health Organization (z-scores)...
December 2, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906117/carotid-artery-stenting-versus-no-stenting-assisting-thrombectomy-for-acute-ischaemic-stroke-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-clinical-trials-with-meta-analyses-and-trial-sequential-analyses
#14
Henrik Steglich-Arnholm, Markus Holtmannspötter, Christian Gluud, Derk Wolfgang Krieger
BACKGROUND: In patients with intracranial large vessel arterial occlusion, ipsilateral extracranial carotid artery occlusions or near-occlusions pose a significant hurdle in endovascular management of acute ischaemic stroke. Stenting of the carotid lesion may be beneficial in this situation to provide a stable access for introducing catheters through the carotid lesion into the intracranial vasculature and the target occlusion. Furthermore, carotid stenting may ensure ample blood flow for wash-out of clot material and reperfusion of the ischaemic penumbral tissue...
December 1, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906082/secondary-correction-of-nasal-deformities-in-cleft-lip-and-palate-patients-surgical-technique-and-outcome-evaluation
#15
Gabor Vass, Gabor Mohos, Zsofia Bere, Laszlo Ivan, Janos Varga, Jozsef Piffko, Laszlo Rovo
BACKGROUND: Nasal deformity associated with cleft lip and palate is a highly challenging reconstructive problem in rhinoplasty. In the literature, several operative solutions and evaluation methods have been described, however these do not offer a standard procedure for the surgeon. Our aim was to standardize our surgical technique-as much as the uniqueness of each case allowed it-based on the most frequent deformities we had faced; and to evaluate our results via a postoperative patient satisfaction questionnaire...
December 1, 2016: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906069/the-beneficial-role-of-proteolysis-in-skeletal-muscle-growth-and-stress-adaptation
#16
REVIEW
Ryan A V Bell, Mohammad Al-Khalaf, Lynn A Megeney
Muscle atrophy derived from excessive proteolysis is a hallmark of numerous disease conditions. Accordingly, the negative consequences of skeletal muscle protein breakdown often overshadow the critical nature of proteolytic systems in maintaining normal cellular function. Here, we discuss the major cellular proteolysis machinery-the ubiquitin/proteosome system, the autophagy/lysosomal system, and caspase-mediated protein cleavage-and the critical role of these protein machines in establishing and preserving muscle health...
April 6, 2016: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906060/discrete-adipose-derived-stem-cell-subpopulations-may-display-differential-functionality-after-in-vitro-expansion-despite-convergence-to-a-common-phenotype-distribution
#17
Frederik Mølgaard Nielsen, Simone Elkjær Riis, Jens Isak Andersen, Raphaëlle Lesage, Trine Fink, Cristian Pablo Pennisi, Vladimir Zachar
BACKGROUND: Complex immunophenotypic repertoires defining discrete adipose-derived stem cell (ASC) subpopulations may hold a key toward identifying predictors of clinical utility. To this end, we sorted out of the freshly established ASCs four subpopulations (SPs) according to a specific pattern of co-expression of six surface markers, the CD34, CD73, CD90, CD105, CD146, and CD271, using polychromatic flow cytometry. METHOD: Using flow cytometry-associated cell sorting and analysis, gating parameters were set to select for a CD73(+)CD90(+)CD105(+) phenotype plus one of the four following combinations, CD34(-)CD146(-)CD271(-) (SP1), CD34(-)CD146(+)CD271(-) (SP2), CD34(+)CD146(+)CD271(-) (SP3), and CD34(-)CD146(+)CD271(+) (SP4)...
December 1, 2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906058/vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-levels-and-rheumatic-diseases-of-the-elderly
#18
Perrine Smets, Valérie Devauchelle-Pensec, Paul-Olivier Rouzaire, Bruno Pereira, Marc Andre, Martin Soubrier
BACKGROUND: Increasing vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been reported in remitting symmetrical seronegative synovitis with pitting edema (RS3PE) syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and giant cell arteritis (GCA). The aim of this study was to compare VEGF levels in patients over 60 years of age who have RS3PE, RA, PMR or GCA so as to determine whether elevated VEGF is specific for a rheumatic disease, the inflammation or edema that occurs with these pathological conditions...
December 1, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906031/contrasting-biological-potency-of-particulate-matter-collected-at-sites-impacted-by-distinct-industrial-sources
#19
Errol M Thomson, Dalibor Breznan, Subramanian Karthikeyan, Christine MacKinnon-Roy, Ngoc Q Vuong, Ewa Dabek-Zlotorzynska, Valbona Celo, Jean-Pierre Charland, Prem Kumarathasan, Jeffrey R Brook, Renaud Vincent
BACKGROUND: Industrial sources contribute a significant proportion of anthropogenic particulate matter (PM) emissions, producing particles of varying composition that may differentially impact health. This study investigated the in vitro toxicity of ambient PM collected near industrial sites in relation to particle size and composition. METHODS: Size-fractionated particles (ultrafine, PM0.1-2.5, PM2.5-10, PM>10) were collected in the vicinity of steel, copper, aluminium, and petrochemical industrial sites...
December 1, 2016: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906001/evolution-of-changes-in-cognitive-function-after-the-initiation-of-antiretroviral-therapy
#20
Borja Mora-Peris, Elizabeth Stevens, Francesca Ferretti, Jonathan Underwood, Stephen Taylor, Alan Winston
BACKGROUND: Cognitive function is reported to improve after the initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). Data on the evolution of such changes are limited. We assessed the dynamics of changes in cognitive parameters, in HIV-positive subjects initiating cART. METHODS: Cognitive function in seven domains was evaluated for HIV-infected patients without clinically significant cognitive impairment prior to the initiation of cART, and 24 and 48 weeks after...
April 14, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
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