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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538993/fefsem-neuronal-response-during-combined-volitional-and-reflexive-pursuit
#1
Leah Bakst, Jérome Fleuriet, Michael J Mustari
Although much is known about volitional and reflexive smooth eye movements individually, much less is known about how they are coordinated. It is hypothesized that separate cortico-ponto-cerebellar loops subserve these different types of smooth eye movements. Specifically, the MT-MST-DLPN pathway is thought to be critical for ocular following eye movements, whereas the FEF-NRTP pathway is understood to be vital for volitional smooth pursuit. However, the role that these loops play in combined volitional and reflexive behavior is unknown...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538992/intercepting-a-moving-target-on-line-or-model-based-control
#2
Huaiyong Zhao, William H Warren
When walking to intercept a moving target, people take an interception path that appears to anticipate the target's trajectory. According to the constant bearing strategy, the observer holds the bearing direction of the target constant based on current visual information, consistent with on-line control. Alternatively, the interception path might be based on an internal model of the target's motion, known as model-based control. To investigate these two accounts, participants walked to intercept a moving target in a virtual environment...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538960/diagnostic-accuracy-of-computed-tomography-derived-fractional-flow-reserve-a-systematic-review
#3
Christopher M Cook, Ricardo Petraco, Matthew J Shun-Shin, Yousif Ahmad, Sukhjinder Nijjer, Rasha Al-Lamee, Yuetsu Kikuta, Yasutsugu Shiono, Jamil Mayet, Darrel P Francis, Sayan Sen, Justin E Davies
Importance: Computed tomography-derived fractional flow reserve (FFR-CT) is a novel, noninvasive test for myocardial ischemia. Clinicians using FFR-CT must be able to interpret individual FFR-CT results to determine subsequent patient care. Objective: To provide clinicians a means of interpreting individual FFR-CT results with respect to the range of invasive FFRs that this interpretation might likely represent. Evidence Review: We performed a systematic review in accordance with guidelines from the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses...
May 24, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538943/low-serum-chromium-is-rare-in-patients-that-underwent-endoscopic-gastrostomy-for-long-term-enteral-feeding
#4
Carla Adriana Santos, Jorge Fonseca, Elisabete Carolino, António Sousa Guerreiro
BACKGROUND: Patients that underwent Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) present with protein-energy malnutrition. Trace elements are required in small quantities and Chromium (Cr) displays a major role in the metabolism. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate Cr levels and its relationship with serum proteins, BMI and underlying diseases during the first 3 months of PEG feeding. METHODS: Prospective observational study during 3-months, when PEG was performed (T0), after 4 (T1), and 12 weeks (T3)...
May 18, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538942/anti-ttg-among-children-with-chronic-functional-constipation-unresponsive-to-6-weeks-of-treatment-of-constipation
#5
Nooshin Sadjadei, Samaneh Hosseinmardy, Mehran Hakimzadeh, Tahereh Ziaei Kajbaf, Hazhir Javaherizadeh
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease is a glutten induced enteropathy. Some authors recommended screening celiac in children with constipation. There are studies to evaluate celiac disease in children with constipation. But most of them included children regardless to treatment failure. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate frequency of elevated anti TTG in children with constipation after failure to improve during 6 week of appropriate treatment of constipation...
May 18, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538941/-nutritional-status-of-schoolchildren-of-the-national-child-and-youth-education-teaching-network-of-the-social-service-of-commerce-sesc-brazil-2012
#6
Luiz Antonio Dos Anjos, Willian Dimas Bezerra da Silveira
The objective of this study was to identify and describe the growth and nutritional anthropometric profile of children enrolled in the Sesc National Network of Elementary Education. It is a cross-sectional study conducted among 20,113 students (9,992 girls) from 83 schools aged from 3 to 17. Nutritional status was determined using the body mass index for age and stature for age according to the WHO criteria. Stunting was observed in only 1.6% (girls) and 1.3% (boys). Overweight + obesity was observed in 29...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538938/-analysis-of-the-geographical-distribution-of-cases-of-leprosy-rio-de-janeiro-2001-2012
#7
Renata Gracie, Julia Novaes de Barros Peixoto, Fabiane Bertoni Dos Reis Soares, Mariana de Andrea Vilas-Boas Hacker
Studies have demonstrated that the geographical distribution of leprosy is related to different socioeconomic factors. This article aims to study the geographical distribution of leprosy in the state of Rio de Janeiro. The cases of leprosy reported in the 2001-2012 period were mapped according to municipality. Epidemiological and socioeconomic indicators were calculated. The ArcMap program was used for the construction of maps and Earth View to calculate the Bayesian rate. It was observed that leprosy is presented in hyper-endemic levels especially in the metropolitan area...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538937/-mother-child-relationship-and-associated-factors-hierarchical-analysis-of-the-population-base-in-a-brazilian-state-capital-brisa-study
#8
Milady Cutrim Vieira Cavalcante, Fernando Lamy, Ana Karina Teixeira da Cunha França, Zeni Carvalho Lamy
Several factors can interfere in the mother-child relationship. Studies about different maternal characteristics and this relationship are scarce; they mainly evaluate women with psychopathology and use simultaneous regression models with adjustment for multiple confounders. This study aimed to assess factors associated with losses in the mother-child relationship through a cohort of 3,215 mothers of children between 15 and 36 months of age. Losses in the mother-child relationship, assessed by the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire, was the outcome variable and the explanatory variables were demographic, socioeconomic, reproductive health and mental health of mothers as well as the conditions of the birth of children...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538935/-educational-practices-in-accordance-with-the-ten-steps-to-successful-breastfeeding-in-a-human-milk-bank
#9
Cristianny Miranda E Silva, Ana Luiza Rodrigues Pellegrinelli, Simone Cardoso Lisboa Pereira, Ieda Ribeiro Passos, Luana Caroline Dos Santos
This article sought to evaluate educational practices in line with the "Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding" in a Human Milk Bank. It involved a retrospective study using sociodemographic data about the pregnancy and the baby, obtained from a nursing mothers care protocol (2009-2012). These data were associated to steps related to educational practices from the "Ten Steps." Descriptive analysis, chi-square test and Poisson regression were performed. 12,283 mothers, with a median of 29 (12-54) years old, were evaluated...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538930/dissatisfaction-with-the-dental-services-and-associated-factors-among-adults
#10
Luana Leal Roberto, Andréa Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins, Alfredo Maurício Batista de Paula, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Desirée Sant' Ana Haikal
This study aimed to identify factors associated with dissatisfaction with dental services among adults. It analyzed 830 adult participants of an epidemiological survey of oral health. The dependent variable was dissatisfaction with the dental service, and the independent ones were selected according to the theoretical model set forth by Andersen and Davidson (1997). Estimates were corrected by the sample design effect, and Binary Logistic Regression was carried out. It was found that about 11% of adults were dissatisfied with the dental service...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538929/stressors-influence-work-ability-in-different-age-groups-of-nursing-professionals-2-year-follow-up
#11
Maria Carmen Martinez, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Frida Marina Fischer
Work stressors influence work ability - WA - and increasing age is associated with functional aging. We sought to establish whether work stressors differentially influence WA in young and aging nursing professionals. A cohort (2009-2011) composed of 304 workers at a hospital in Sao Paulo responded questionnaires Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI), Job Stress Scale (JSS), Work-Related Activities That May Contribute To Job-Related Pain and/or Injury (WRAPI) and Work Ability Index (WAI). Changes in perceived exposure to stressors in each age group (< 45 and ≥ 45 years old) were compared to delta-WAI (difference between initial and final WAI score) by means of the Mann-Whitney test...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538926/students-health-an-integrative-review-on-family-and-bullying
#12
Wanderlei Abadio de Oliveira, Jorge Luiz da Silva, Julliane Messias Cordeiro Sampaio, Marta Angélica Iossi Silva
Bullying is a public health problem and this integrative review's aim was to assess the relationship between family context and the occurrence of such a phenomenon. Its original contribution is to broadly address this type of violence. The SPIDER strategy was used to develop the study, which was guided by the question: what is the role of the family in the development, perpetuation and prevention of bullying? The following databases were searched: PsycInfo and Lilacs, and the SciELO Virtual Library using the descriptors 1...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538925/diet-and-body-fat-in-adolescence-and-early-adulthood-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies
#13
Bruna Celestino Schneider, Samuel Carvalho Dumith, Silvana Paiva Orlandi, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção
Adipose tissue is a vital component of the human body, but in excess, it represents a risk to health. According to the World Health Organization, one of the main factors determining excessive body adiposity is the dietary habit. This systematic review investigated longitudinal studies that assessed the association between diet and body fat in adolescents and young adults. Twenty-one relevant papers published between 2001 and 2015 were selected. The most used method for estimating body fat was the body mass index (15 studies)...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538921/women-s-protection-public-policies-evaluation-of-health-care-for-victims-of-sexual-violence
#14
Lucielma Salmito Soares Pinto, Ingrid Mayra Pereira de Oliveira, Eduardo Salmito Soares Pinto, Camila Botelho Campelo Leite, Auricélia do Nascimento Melo, Maria Castelo Branco Rocha de Deus
Violence against women has increased over the years and is a serious violation of human rights. This study aimed to evaluate public policies, women's rights legislation and health care for victims of sexual violence. This is an exploratory and descriptive study, with interviews to professionals of the Care Center for Women Victims of Violence of Teresina-PI, and collection of medical records data of victims. We analyzed data in the light of legislation and guidelines recommended by the Ministry of Health, according to the established public policies...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538903/epidemiological-profile-of-tinea-capitis-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-city
#15
John Verrinder Veasey, Barbara Arruda Fraletti Miguel, Silvia Assumpção Soutto Mayor, Clarisse Zaitz, Laura Hitomi Muramatu, Juliane Agarinakamura Serrano
Tinea capitis is the most common fungal infection in children. The identification of the etiologic agent helps clinicians make their therapeutic choice. Studies conducted in different countries show a changing pattern of the main etiological agents according to their regions. We performed a retrospective study in the tertiary public service in São Paulo, analyzing the isolated etiological agents in patients with tinea capitis from March 2013 to May 2015. Microsporum canis was the main agent (56.6%), followed by Trichophyton tonsurans (36...
March 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538884/evaluation-of-surgical-margins-according-to-the-histological-type-of-basal-cell-carcinoma
#16
Charles Antonio Pires de Godoy, Alice Lima de Oliveira Neta, Sofia Silveira de Souza Leão, Raul Lima Dantas, Valeska Oliveira Fonseca Carvalho, Samuel Freire da Silva
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common skin cancer in the world. The aim of this study was to evaluate the surgical margin of basal cell carcinoma and correlate this with its histologic subtype. A retrospective analysis of pathology laboratory records from 1990 to 2000 was performed and the following data was collected: age, sex, race, anatomical location, histological type, and state of the excision margins in 1,428 histopathological reports of basal cell carcinoma. Ages ranged from 6 to 99 years, with an average of 57...
March 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538852/-prevalence-of-symptomatic-respiratory-cases-in-the-peruvian-population-aged-15-years-and-above-secondary-analysis-of-the-demographic-and-family-health-survey-2013-2015
#17
César Gutiérrez, Joel Roque, Franco Romaní, Jorge Zagaceta
The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of symptomatic respiratory (SR) cases in the Peruvian population aged 15 years and over between 2013 and 2015. A secondary analysis of the Demographic and Family Health Survey (ENDES) was carried out. The subjects of the study were people aged 15 years and over who answered these interview questions: Do you currently have a cough with phlegm? How long have you had a cough with phlegm? People who had had a cough and phlegm for 15 days or more were defined as having SR...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538848/-chemoprotective-effect-of-the-alkaloid-extract-of-melocactus-bellavistensis-against-colon-cancer-induced-in-rats-using-1-2-dimethylhydrazine
#18
Karla Ríos-León, Cesar Fuertes-Ruiton, Jorge Arroyo, Julio Ruiz
Objectives: To determine the toxicity and chemoprotective effect of the alkaloid extract of Melocactus bellavistensis against colon cancer induced in rats using 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH). Materials and methods: The alkaloid extract was obtained from the fleshy part of M. bellavistensis, and an acute toxicity test was then carried out on 30 mice of the Balb C57 strain. To assess its chemoprotective effect, colon cancer was induced in 45 Holtzman rats using DMH according to the following experimental design: one control group received 2 mL/kg sodium polysorbate, and four groups received 20 mg/kg DMH plus 0, 1, 5, or 10 mg/kg M...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538842/-diagnostic-concordance-between-seven-definitions-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-overweight-and-obese-adults
#19
Eduardo Cabrera-Rode, Beatriz Stusser, Wenny Cálix, Neraldo Orlandi, Janet Rodríguez, Ileana Cubas-Dueñas, Ragmila Echevarría, Aimee Álvarez
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the level of diagnostic concordance between seven definitions of metabolic syndrome (MS) in a group of overweight and obese adults. Materials and Methods: 350 subjects aged from 19 to 70 years were recruited for study from a clinic for overweight and obese subjects. The definitions of MS used were those given by the WHO (World Health Organization), EGIR (European Group for the Study of Insulin Resistance), NCEP- ATPIII (Adult Treatment Panel), AHA/NHLBI (American Heart Association), IDF (International Diabetes Federation), and JIS (Joint Interim Statement) as well as the Szabo criteria...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538833/research-about-suppression-effect-and-auditory-processing-in-individuals-who-stutter
#20
Cláudia Fassin Arcuri, Ana Maria Schiefer, Marisa Frasson de Azevedo
Purpose: To verify the auditory processing abilities and occurrence of the suppression effect of Otoacoustic Emissions (OAE) in individuals who stutter. Methods: The study sample comprised 15 adult individuals who stutter, aged 18-40 years, with stuttering severity ranging from mild to severe, paired according to gender, age, and schooling with individuals without speech complaint or disorder. All participants underwent conventional clinical evaluation, specific stuttering assessment, and basic (audiometry, imitanciometry, and measurement of acoustic reflexes) and specific (auditory processing evaluation and measurement of suppression effect of OAEs) audiological assessments...
May 22, 2017: CoDAS
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