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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651424/estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-renal-scan-and-volumetric-assessment-of-the-kidney-before-and-after-partial-nephrectomy-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#1
Riccardo G Bertolo, Homayoun Zargar, Riccardo Autorino, Cristian Fiori, Jihad H Kaouk, Paul Russo, Robert H Thompson, Francesco Porpiglia
INTRODUCTION: The best method for assessing renal function after partial nephrectomy (PN) continues to be a matter of debate. Early studies evaluated kidney function by measuring serum creatinine (sCr) and/or the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), potentially underestimating the contribution of the contralateral kidney in masking alterations in renal function. Since then, researchers have studied the operated renal unit with the aid of nuclear renal scans (RS). However, taking into consideration the importance of the amount of renal parenchyma spared or sacrificed during PN, many novel methods have been proposed for determining kidney volume before and after PN...
June 23, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651421/-effects-of-change-in-the-activity-of-vacuolar-adenosine-triphosphatase-of-myocardial-lysosome-on-myocardial-damage-in-rats-after-severe-burn-and-its-mechanism
#2
X P Yan, D X Zhang, T T Yan, Q Zhang, J Z Jia, Y S Huang
Objective: To explore the effects of change of activity of vacuolar adenosine triphosphatase (V-ATPase) of myocardial lysosome on myocardial damage in rats after severe burn and its mechanism. Methods: The myocardial lysosomes were extracted from the hearts of 12 SD rats with ultra-high speed gradient density centrifugation, then Western blotting and transmission electron microscope observation were conducted for identification. One hundred and twenty rats were divided into pure burn group, ATP group, normal control group, and bafilomycin group according to the random number table, with 30 rats in each group...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651420/-effects-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-on-p311-and-its-influence-on-the-migration-of-murine-epidermal-stem-cells
#3
Z D Xu, H S Li, S Wang, W F He, J Wu, G X Luo
Objective: To explore the effects of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) on P311 and its influence on the migration of murine epidermal stem cells (ESCs) under hypoxia in vitro. Methods: Two kinds of murine ESCs were isolated and obtained from 15 neonatal wild-type C57BL/6J mice and 5 congeneric source P311 gene knock-out mice, respectively. The first passage of cells were used in the following experiments after morphologic observation and detection of expression of cell surface markers CD71 and CD49f with flow cytometer...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651419/-significance-of-evaluating-the-severity-of-patients-with-extremely-severe-burn-by-platelet-count-recovery-in-the-early-stage-post-burn
#4
Y Wu, Q Zhang, J Liu, J J Tang, J X Zheng, M Liu
Objective: To retrospectively analyze the prognostic value of platelet count recovery in the early stage post burn for patients with extremely severe burn, so as to evaluate their severity. Methods: A study involving 244 adult patients with extremely severe burn admitted to our hospital from January 2006 to December 2015, conforming to the inclusion criteria, was conducted. Data of their demography, injury, transmission, disease change in hospital, and platelet count from post injury day (PID) 1 to 10 were collected...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651418/-advances-in-the-research-of-pressure-therapy-for-pediatric-burn-patients-with-facial-scar
#5
Y T Wei, J F Fu, Z H P Li-Tsang
Facial scar and deformation caused by burn injury severely affect physical and psychological well-being of pediatric burn patients, which needs medical workers and pediatric burn patients' family members to pay much attention to and to perform early rehabilitation treatment. Pressure therapy is an important rehabilitative strategy for pediatric burn patients with facial scar, mainly including wearing headgears and transparent pressure facemasks, which have their own features. To achieve better treatment results, pressure therapy should be chosen according to specific condition of pediatric burn patients and combined with other assistant therapies...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651417/-influences-of-different-rehabilitative-methods-on-function-of-hands-and-psychological-anxiety-of-patients-with-deeply-burned-hands-retaining-denatured-dermis-and-grafting-large-autologous-skin
#6
H Peng, P F Liang, A Wang, L Q Yue
Objective: To investigate influences of different rehabilitative methods on function of hands and psychological anxiety of patients with deeply burned hands retaining denatured dermis and grafting large autologous skin. Methods: Forty-four patients with deeply burned hands, conforming to the study criteria were admitted to Department of Burns and Reconstructive Surgery of Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2014 to June 2015. Patients were divided into propaganda education rehabilitation group (PER, n=23) and specially-assigned person rehabilitation group (SAPR, n=21) according to the random number table and patients' willingness...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651415/-investigation-of-burn-rehabilitation-development-of-china-in-2014
#7
M Ao, J Wu, J Chen
Objective: To further study the development of burn rehabilitation in China, so as to promote the development of burn rehabilitation in China. Methods: The questionnaire about the development of burn rehabilitation treatment was started by Specialized Committee of Burn Treatment and Rehabilitation Science of Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine (hereinafter referred to as Specialized Committee) in the end of 2014, and 65 affiliations of Specialized Committee members participated in. There was a total of 26 questions, mainly focusing on problems as below: (1) General information of the burn department of the units, including the number of authorized beds, annual admitted burn patients, annual admitted patients with extremely severe burn, doctors, nurses, rehabilitation therapists, and the condition of rehabilitation area and rehabilitation beds, etc...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651412/-comparison-of-application-of-cochran-armitage-trend-test-and-linear-regression-analysis-for-rate-trend-analysis-in-epidemiology-study
#8
D Z Wang, C Wang, C F Shen, Y Zhang, H Zhang, G D Song, X D Xue, Z L Xu, S Zhang, G H Jiang
We described the time trend of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) from 1999 to 2013 in Tianjin incidence rate with Cochran-Armitage trend (CAT) test and linear regression analysis, and the results were compared. Based on actual population, CAT test had much stronger statistical power than linear regression analysis for both overall incidence trend and age specific incidence trend (Cochran-Armitage trend P value<linear regression P value). The statistical power of CAT test decreased, while the result of linear regression analysis remained the same when population size was reduced by 100 times and AMI incidence rate remained unchanged...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651405/-clinical-stages-and-outcomes-of-severe-cases-on-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease
#9
J Zhang, Y Jin, J L Sun, Y X Wang, X J Wang, X Q Fu, Z P Miao, J Lyu
Objective: To understand the characteristics and relation of clinical stage and outcome of severe cases on hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) and to establish the evaluation method for understanding severity of this disease. Methods: According to factors as geographical location, economic and epidemic levels, five provinces (Henan, Shandong, Yunnan, Zhejiang and Sichuan provinces) were selected. Reported severe cases of HFMD from the National Notifiable Diseases Reporting System were selected randomly in the five provinces...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651392/-analysis-of-hemoglobin-level-and-anemia-prevalence-in-students-aged-7-14-years-in-china-2014
#10
Z G Yang, Z H Wang, J Ma
Objective: To analyze the level of hemoglobin level and the prevalence of anemia in students aged 7-14 years in China. Methods: According to the 2010 Chinese National Surveys on Students'Constitution and Health, 71 130 students who were aged 7, 9, 12 and 14 years and had received hemoglobin test were sampled as the subjects, WHO anemia diagnostic criteria was used to explore the hemoglobin level and the prevalence of anemia. Results: The mean concentrations of hemoglobin were (129.25±11.37) g/L, (131.04±11...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651390/-cross-sectional-survey-of-smoking-and-smoking-cessation-behaviors-in-adults-in-jiangxi-province-2013
#11
Y Y Chen, L P Zhu, W Yan, J Liu, L Ji, Y Xu
Objective: To describe the prevalence of smoking and smoking cessation in adults of Jiangxi province in 2013. Methods: Multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method was used to select 6 000 individuals aged ≥18 years from 10 chronic and non-communicable disease and risk factor surveillance points of Jiangxi province in 2013. A face-to-face questionnaire survey was carried out to collect information about the risk factors for chronic and non-communicable diseases and 5 997 records were used in final analysis of smoking and smoking cessation...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651356/heterologous-expression-in-pichia-pastoris-and-biochemical-characterization-of-the-unmodified-sulfatase-from-fusarium-proliferatum-le1
#12
Svetlana A Korban, Kirill S Bobrov, Maria A Maynskova, Stanislav N Naryzhny, Olga L Vlasova, Elena V Eneyskaya, Anna A Kulmisnkaya
Sulfatases are a family of enzymes (sulfuric ester hydrolases, EC 3.1.6.-) that catalyze the hydrolysis of a wide array of sulfate esters. To date, despite the discovery of many sulfatase genes and the accumulation of data on numerous sulfated molecules, the number of characterized enzymes that are key players in sulfur metabolism remains extremely limited. While mammalian sulfatases are well studied due to their involvement in a wide range of normal and pathological biological processes, lower eukaryotic sulfatases, especially fungal sulfatases, have not been thoroughly investigated at the biochemical and structural level...
June 23, 2017: Protein Engineering, Design & Selection: PEDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651355/evaluation-of-welfare-parameters-in-laying-hens-on-the-basis-of-a-bavarian-survey
#13
H Louton, S M Bergmann, E Rauch, C Liebers, S Reese, M H Erhard, C Hoeborn, A Schwarzer
Health issues like infestation with poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) and behavioral problems such as feather pecking and cannibalism are reported as current problems on laying hen farms. However, the epidemiological prevalence of these issues in Bavaria, Germany, is not known. The objective of the present survey was to determine the epidemiological prevalence of health and behavioral parameters and the management of hen farms in practice. The survey was sent to all laying hen farmers with more than 1,000 hens in Bavaria, Germany, and contained questions regarding flock management, behavior problems and health issues...
June 23, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651343/does-a-first-degree-family-history-of-diabetes-impact-placental-maternal-and-fetal-vascular-circulation-and-inflammatory-response
#14
Marina Shargorodsky, Michal Kovo, Letizia Schraiber, Jacob Bar
Context: Heritability of diabetes is associated with hyperinsulinemia, impaired endothelial function, and inflammatory up-regulation. However, no studies have examined whether a family history of diabetes effects placental vascular circulation. Objective: The present study was designed to investigate the impact of a first-degree family history of type 2 diabetes (FHD) on placental vascular circulation and inflammatory lesions. Design: Observational cohort study...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651338/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-tumor-hpv-status-on-outcome-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-unresectable-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-hnscc-receiving-cisplatin-5-fluorouracil-with-or-without-docetaxel-a-subset-analysis-of-eortc-24971-study
#15
A Psyrri, C Fortpied, G Koutsodontis, M Avgeris, C Kroupis, N Goutas, J Menis, L Herman, L Giurgea, E Remenar, M Degardin, I S Pateras, J A Langendijk, C van Herpen, A Awada, J R Germà-Lluch, H R Kienzer, L Licitra, J B Vermorken
Background: EORTC 24971 was a phase III trial demonstrating superiority of induction regimen TPF over PF, in terms of progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in locoregionally advanced unresectable HNSCC. We conducted a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data aiming to evaluate whether only HPV(-) patients (pts) benefit from adding docetaxel to PF, in which case de-intensifying induction treatment in HPV(+) pts could be considered. Methods: Pre-therapy tumor biopsies (blocks or slides) were assessed for high-risk HPV by p16 immunohistochemistry, PCR and qPCR...
June 23, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651310/clinicopathological-characteristics-of-extremely-young-korean-multiple-myeloma-patients-therapeutic-implications
#16
Junghoon Shin, Youngil Koh, Jeonghwan Youk, Miso Kim, Byung Soo Kim, Chul Won Choi, Hwa Jung Sung, Yong Park, Sung-Soo Yoon, Inho Kim
Background/Aims: Although multiple myeloma (MM) is typically a disease of the elderly, a certain subset of extremely young patients exists. It is necessary to establish clinicopathological characteristics for this population. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of MM patients whose age was 40 years or younger at diagnosis. Results: A total of 32 patients were analyzed (male to female ratio 19:13, median age 37 years). According to International Staging System, 29%, 48%, and 16% were in stage I, II, and III, respectively...
June 26, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651309/the-pattern-of-choosing-dialysis-modality-and-related-mortality-outcomes-in-korea-a-national-population-based-study
#17
Hyung Jong Kim, Jung Tak Park, Seung Hyeok Han, Tae-Hyun Yoo, Hyeong-Cheon Park, Shin-Wook Kang, Kyoung Hoon Kim, Dong-Ryeol Ryu, Hyunwook Kim
Background/Aims: Since comorbidities are major determinants of modality choice, and also interact with dialysis modality on mortality outcomes, we examined the pattern of modality choice according to comorbidities and then evaluated how such choices affected mortality in incident dialysis patients. Methods: We analyzed 32,280 incident dialysis patients in Korea. Patterns in initial dialysis choice were assessed by multivariate logistic regression analyses. Multivariate Poisson regression analyses were performed to evaluate the effects of interactions between comorbidities and dialysis modality on mortality and to quantify these interactions using the synergy factor...
June 26, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651308/comparison-of-the-outcomes-of-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-achalasia-according-to-manometric-subtype
#18
Won Hee Kim, Joo Young Cho, Weon Jin Ko, Sung Pyo Hong, Ki Baik Hahm, Jun-Hyung Cho, Tae Hee Lee, Su Jin Hong
Background/Aims: We evaluated whether manometric subtype is associated with treatment outcome in patients with achalasia treated by peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM). Methods: High-resolution manometry data and Eckardt scores were collected from 83 cases at two tertiary referral centers where POEM is performed. Manometric tracings were classified according to the three Chicago subtypes. Results: Among the 83 cases, 48 type I, 24 type II, and 11 type III achalasia cases were identified...
June 27, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651292/acute-onset-neurological-disorders-during-pregnancy-a-literature-review
#19
Zita Ferraz, Joana Parra, Ana Luísa Areia, Elsa Vasco, Paulo Moura
Objectives To characterize the most common peripheral and central neurological disorders during pregnancy. Methods Original research and review of the literature on neurological complications during pregnancy. We searched for keywords related to the topic on different databases. Results Pregnancy involves physiological changes that can trigger peripheral neurological and/or central nervous system pathologies, which can sometimes be associated with hypertensive disorders. A definitive diagnosis of neurological disorders can be made according to the trimester of pregnancy and the clinical findings...
June 26, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651288/development-of-a-high-performance-liquid-chromatographic-method-for-asiaticoside-quantification-in-different-skin-layers-after-topical-application-of-a-centella-asiatica-extract
#20
Priscila Bianca Rodrigues da Rocha, Bruno Dos Santos Souza, Lígia Marquez Andrade, Ricardo Neves Marreto, Eliana Martins Lima, Stephânia Fleury Taveira
The topical application of Centella asiatica extract has been commonly used for many different purposes but especially for cosmetic use in the treatment of gynoid lipodystrophy. Asiaticoside, the most active component in this extract, is responsible for its therapeutic activities. However, little is known to date about asiaticoside skin penetration. Thus, an analytical method for asiaticoside quantification in different skin layers after the topical application of C. asiatica extract was developed and skin permeation studies were performed with the plant extract to apply the analytical method developed...
June 26, 2017: Planta Medica
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