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Supracondylar distal humerus fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628579/distal-humeral-flexion-osteotomy-for-the-treatment-of-supracondylar-extension-type-malunions-in-children
#1
Sebastian Farr, Rudolf Ganger, Werner Girsch
Distal humeral extension-type malunions may occur as a complication following improper reduction of supracondylar humerus fractures. We evaluated results after distal humeral flexion osteotomies for sagittal realignment of the humeral condyle in children. Medical records and radiographs of all patients younger than 18 years of age, who underwent this procedure because of a clinically relevant lack of elbow flexion, were evaluated. In a cohort of 18 children with a mean age of 8 years at the time of surgery and a mean follow-up duration of 1 year, elbow flexion increased significantly from a mean of 101° preoperatively to 126° at the final follow-up; established radiographic parameters (e...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585999/treatment-of-a-pediatric-t-type-intercondylar-humerus-fracture-with-hybrid-percutaneous-pinning-and-external-fixation
#2
D Alex Stroh, Brian T Sullivan, Brett A Shannon, Paul D Sponseller
T-type intercondylar fractures of the distal humerus are rare injuries in skeletally immature patients. Few studies are available to guide the treatment of these injuries. Small case series and expert recommendations suggest superiority of the open approach for direct reduction of the articular surface. This approach poses risks of vascular compromise and elbow stiffness. However, success with percutaneous intercondylar screw fixation has been described for simple split patterns. The authors present a case that illustrates a novel percutaneous technique to treat this fracture type...
June 6, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511466/management-of-cubitus-varus-deformity-in-children-by-closed-dome-osteotomy
#3
Partap Singh Verka, Ujjwal Kejariwal, Bijendra Singh
INTRODUCTION: Supracondylar fractures are the most common elbow injuries in skeletally immature children between 5-10 years of age and cubitus varus deformity is the most common late complication. Cubitus varus or bow elbow or gunstock deformity is the result of malunion occurring as a complication of supracondylar fracture of the humerus. Various type of corrective osteotomies are used of which lateral closed wedge French osteotomy is commomly used which has its own complications like lateral condylar prominence, unsightful scar and limitation of movement...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435568/early-vessels-exploration-of-pink-pulseless-hand-in-gartland-iii-supracondylar-fracture-humerus-in-children-facts-and-controversies
#4
T Z Tunku-Naziha, Wms Wan-Yuhana, D Hadizie, Muhammad-Paiman, S Abdul-Nawfar, W S Wan-Azman, M S Arman-Z, S Abdul-Razak, M Z Rhendra-Hardy, W I Wan-Faisham
The management of pink pulseless limbs in supracondylar fractures has remained controversial, especially with regards to the indication for exploration in a clinically well-perfused hand. We reviewed a series of seven patients who underwent surgical exploration of the brachial artery following supracondylar fracture. All patients had a non-palpable radial artery, which was confirmed by Doppler ultrasound. CT angiography revealed complete blockage of the artery with good collateral and distal run-off. Two patients were more complicated with peripheral nerve injuries, one median nerve and one ulnar nerve...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435562/avulsion-fracture-of-brachioradialis-muscle-origin-an-exceedingly-rare-entity-a-case-report
#5
G Behera, G Balaji, J Menon, D Sharma, V K Komuravalli
Avulsion fracture of the brachioradialis origin at its proximal attachment on the lateral supracondylar ridge of the distal humerus is exceedingly rare, and only two cases have been reported in the literature so far. In this article, we present a 38 years old patient who sustained a closed avulsion fracture of the lateral supracondylar ridge of left humerus at the proximal attachment of brachioradialis following a fall backwards on outstretched hand after being struck by a lorry from behind while riding on a two-wheeler (motorcycle)...
July 2016: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331961/-corrective-osteotomies-for-posttraumatic-elbow-deformities
#6
J Nowotny, F Thielemann, A Biewener, K D Schaser
OBJECTIVES: Correcion of elbow joint deformities that usually develop secondary to direct or indirect trauma of the arm or elbow with subsequent inadequate healing and consecutive axial/rotational malalignment and may be associated with cosmetic or functional deficits of the arm. INDICATIONS: Relevant malalignment of the arm axis with corresponding cosmetic or functional deficits for the patient. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Pre-existing degenerative and chronic inflammatory changes...
March 22, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162172/-radiographic-and-clinical-assessment-of-supracondylar-humeral-fractures-resulted-from-sports-in-children
#7
Z J Liu, S N Pan, L J Zhang
Objective: To investigate the radiographic and clinical assessment for supracondylar humeral fractures resulted from sports in children. Methods: The medical records of 166 patients with displaced supracondylar humerus fractures treated in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University from January 2015 to December 2015 were reviewed.The etiology of 56 of 166 cases was relevant to the sports.Medical records of 56 of 166 patients were reviewed, incluidng gender, the mean age of patient at the time of surgery, the mean duration of injury, radiographic assessment based on the anteroposterior (AP) and lateral radiographs of the elbow, neurologic injury, the Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS) and the criteria of Flynn...
January 17, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079807/a-case-report-distal-humeral-diaphyseal-fracture-in-a-child
#8
Yuji Tomori, Takuya Sawaizumi, Mitsuhiko Nanno, Shinro Takai
RATIONALE: Distal humeral diaphyseal fractures are much less common than supracondylar humeral fractures. The triangular shape and thinner periosteum in the diaphyseal region than in the supracondylar region of the distal diaphysis makes the treatment of diaphyseal fractures difficult. Nonoperative treatment for this fracture is challenging and troublesome; thus, open reduction and internal fixation (OR/IF) is generally recommended. PATIENT CONCERNS: We herein report a distal humeral diaphyseal fracture in a child...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709874/transphyseal-distal-humerus-fracture
#9
Joshua M Abzug, Christine Ann Ho, Todd F Ritzman, Brian Brighton
Transphyseal distal humerus fractures typically occur in children younger than 3 years secondary to birth trauma, nonaccidental trauma, or a fall from a small height. Prompt and accurate diagnosis of a transphyseal distal humerus fracture is crucial for a successful outcome. Recognizing that the forearm is not aligned with the humerus on plain radiographs may aid in the diagnosis of a transphyseal distal humerus fracture. Surgical management is most commonly performed with the aid of an arthrogram. Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning techniques similar to those used for supracondylar humerus fractures are employed...
February 15, 2016: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578381/posttraumatic-progressive-cubitus-varus-deformity-managed-by-lateral-column-shortening-a-novel-surgical-technique
#10
Amit Srivastava, Anil-Kumar Jain, Ish Kumar Dhammi, Rehan-Ul Haq
The outward angulation of elbow with supinated forearm is cubitus varus deformity. This deformity is often seen as sequelae of malunited supracondylar fracture of humerus in paediatric age group of 5e8 years. The deformity is usually non-progressive, but in cases of physeal injury or congenital bony bar formation in the medial condyle of humerus, the deformity is progressive and can be grotesque in appearance. Various types of osteotomies are defined for standard non-progressive cubitus varus deformity, while multiple surgeries are required for progressive deformity until skeletal maturity...
August 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578052/biomechanical-properties-of-orthogonal-plate-configuration-versus-parallel-plate-configuration-using-the-same-locking-plate-system-for-intra-articular-distal-humeral-fractures-under-radial-or-ulnar-column-axial-load
#11
Toshiya Kudo, Akira Hara, Hideaki Iwase, Satoshi Ichihara, Masashi Nagao, Yuichiro Maruyama, Kazuo Kaneko
INTRODUCTION: Previous reports have questioned whether an orthogonal or parallel configuration is superior for distal humeral articular fractures. In previous clinical and biomechanical studies, implant failure of the posterolateral plate has been reported with orthogonal configurations; however, the reason for screw loosening in the posterolateral plate is unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate biomechanical properties and to clarify the causes of posterolateral plate loosening using a humeral fracture model under axial compression on the radial or ulnar column separately...
October 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403521/-dome-shaped-osteotomy-combined-with-transposition-of-the-ulnar-nerve-as-a-treatment-for-post-traumatic-ulnar-valgus-in-a-pediatric-patient
#12
L Pino-Almero, M F Mínguez-Rey, F Gomar-Sancho
A sequel of supracondylar fractures of distal humerus in children is the angular deformity. It is usually more frequent cubitus varus, but there are reported cases of cubitus valgus. The latter may be the cause of the occurrence of a late ulnar nerve neuropathy, which will require treatment. There is controversy as to whether it is possible to successfully treat both problems at the same surgical procedure. This article describes the case of a girl of 11 years old, who has a cubitus valgus deformity secondary to supracondylar fracture of distal humerus of right elbow at the age of seven years, associated with progressive symptoms of ulnar nerve neuropathy...
November 2015: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299103/management-of-displaced-radial-neck-fractures-with-closed-technique-using-titanium-elastic-nail-and-review-of-literature-a-case-report
#13
Shivanand M Bandekar, Mihir R Desai
INTRODUCTION: Injuries around the elbow are common in pediatric population. Amongst them, most common is fractures of the supracondylar part of humerus, followed by condylar fractures. Fractures of the neck of the radius account for five-ten percent of the total injuries. Various techniques for closed reduction of the fracture have been described in literature. Open reduction and fixation is indicated when closed reduction fails to provide satisfactory results and the angulation remains more than 45-60 degrees...
October 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27258360/do-additional-full-length-radiographs-of-the-humerus-and-forearm-improve-the-decision-making-in-children-with-supracondylar-humerus-fractures
#14
Tamir Bloom, Daniel A Seigerman, Caixia Zhao, Sanjeev Sabharwal
We sought to determine the diagnostic utility of additional full-length radiographs of the forearm and humerus for pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures. A pediatric orthopedic surgeon and a senior orthopedic resident individually reviewed the initial humerus, forearm, and elbow radiographs of 55 children with a supracondylar humerus fracture and recommended definitive treatment (operative vs. nonoperative) on the basis of the modified Gartland classification. Interobserver agreements for classification and the recommended treatment were highest for the elbow radiographs (weighted κ=0...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27241519/a-radiographic-investigation-of-the-relationships-between-humeral-cortical-bone-thickness-medullary-canal-width-and-the-supratrochlear-aperture-sta
#15
Robert Ndou, Sovana Maharaj, Lynne Alison Schepartz
The supratrochlear aperture (STA) is a perforation of the septum between the olecranon and coronoid fossae of the humerus. Bones with STA are prone to supracondylar fractures and are thought to have narrower medullary canals. Our aim was to explore the relationship of the STA with medullary canal width and humeral size. The study employed a case-control research design with approximately equal numbers of individuals with and without STA from South African Whites, Blacks, and the Mixed ethnic group. Radiographs were taken anteroposteriorly using a Lodox Statscan and Image J(®) software was used to acquire measurements from the radiographs...
May 30, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27135083/-vascular-injury-following-supracondylar-humerus-fractures-in-children
#16
Emin Özkul, Mehmet Gem, Celil Alemdar, Hüseyin Arslan, İbrahim Azboy, Velat Çelik
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of the children with absent distal pulses following supracondylar humerus fractures. METHODS: Forty-two pulseless hand patients who were treated due to supracondylar humerus fractures were evaluated retrospectively. The evaluation included symptoms presented at preoperative and postoperative neurological examinations, mechanism of injury, time from injury to presentation, time from injury to surgery, length of hospital stay, and postoperative complications...
January 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27100041/closed-versus-open-supracondylar-fractures-of-the-humerus-in-children-a-comparison-of-clinical-and-radiographic-presentation-and-results
#17
Eliza Lewine, Jaehon M Kim, Patricia E Miller, Peter M Waters, Susan T Mahan, Brian Snyder, Daniel Hedequist, Donald S Bae
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this investigation was to compare the presentation and postoperative results of children treated for open and closed, completely displaced type III supracondylar humerus fractures (SCFs). METHODS: Thirty patients with open and 66 patients with closed, completely displaced type III SCFs were evaluated. Open fractures underwent irrigation and debridement, and all patients were treated by open or closed reduction and pin fixation. Medical records were reviewed to obtain demographic information as well as preoperative and postoperative clinical data regarding mechanism of injury, neurovascular status, associated injuries, postoperative range of motion, infections, and pain...
April 20, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049206/transphyseal-distal-humerus-fracture
#18
Joshua Abzug, Christine Ann Ho, Todd F Ritzman, Brian Brighton
Transphyseal distal humerus fractures typically occur in children younger than 3 years secondary to birth trauma, nonaccidental trauma, or a fall from a small height. Prompt and accurate diagnosis of a transphyseal distal humerus fracture is crucial for a successful outcome. Recognizing that the forearm is not aligned with the humerus on plain radiographs may aid in the diagnosis of a transphyseal distal humerus fracture. Surgical management is most commonly performed with the aid of an arthrogram. Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning techniques similar to those used for supracondylar humerus fractures are employed...
2016: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26972812/increased-pin-diameter-improves-torsional-stability-in-supracondylar-humerus-fractures-an-experimental-study
#19
Anupam Pradhan, William Hennrikus, Gregory Pace, April Armstrong, Gregory Lewis
BACKGROUND: Pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures are the most common elbow fractures seen in children, and account for 16 % of all pediatric fractures. Closed reduction and percutaneous pin fixation is the current treatment technique of choice for displaced supracondylar fractures of the distal humerus in children. The purpose of this study was to determine whether pin diameter affects the torsional strength of supracondylar humerus fractures treated by closed reduction and pin fixation...
April 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26808044/transphyseal-fracture-of-the-distal-humerus
#20
REVIEW
Joshua M Abzug, Christine A Ho, Todd F Ritzman, Brian K Brighton
Transphyseal fractures of the distal humerus typically occur in children younger than 3 years secondary to birth trauma, nonaccidental trauma, or a fall from a small height. Prompt and accurate diagnosis of the injury is crucial for a successful outcome. Recognizing that the forearm is not aligned with the humerus on plain radiography can aid in the diagnosis of the injury. Surgical management is most commonly performed with the aid of an arthrogram. Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning techniques similar to those used for supracondylar humerus fractures are employed...
February 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
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