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Team-based learning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242123/ensemble-of-random-forests-one-vs-rest-classifiers-for-mci-and-ad-prediction-using-anova-cortical-and-subcortical-feature-selection-and-partial-least-squares
#1
J Ramírez, J M Górriz, A Ortiz, F J Martínez-Murcia, F Segovia, D Salas-Gonzalez, D Castillo-Barnes, I A Illán, C G Puntonet
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly and affects approximately 30 million individuals worldwide. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is very frequently a prodromal phase of AD, and existing studies have suggested that people with MCI tend to progress to AD at a rate of about 10% to 15% per year. However, the ability of clinicians and machine learning systems to predict AD based on MRI biomarkers at an early stage is still a challenging problem that can have a great impact in improving treatments...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237581/a-web-based-training-resource-for-therapists-to-deliver-an-evidence-based-exercise-program-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-of-the-hand-isarah-design-development-and-usability-testing
#2
Cynthia Swarnalatha Srikesavan, Esther Williamson, Lucy Eldridge, Peter Heine, Jo Adams, Tim Cranston, Sarah E Lamb
BACKGROUND: The Strengthening and Stretching for Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Hand (SARAH) is a tailored, progressive exercise program for people having difficulties with wrist and hand function due to rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The program was evaluated in a large-scale clinical trial and was found to improve hand function, was safe to deliver, and was cost-effective. These findings led to the SARAH program being recommended in the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines for the management of adults with RA...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235172/scaling-up-child-development-centres-in-bangladesh
#3
N Z Khan, R Sultana, F Ahmed, A B Shilpi, N Sultana, G L Darmstadt
BACKGROUND: Child Development Centres (CDCs) have been established within government medical college tertiary hospitals across Bangladesh. Services entail a parent-professional partnership in a child and family friendly environment with a focus on assessment, diagnosis, and management of a range of neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents 0-16 years of age. Services are provided by a multidisciplinary team of professionals (child health physician, child psychologist, and developmental therapist) who emphasize quality of services over the numbers of children seen...
January 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234989/clinical-cardiovascular-genetic-counselors-take-a-leading-role-in-team-based-variant-classification
#4
Chloe Reuter, Megan E Grove, Kate Orland, Katherine Spoonamore, Colleen Caleshu
We sought to delineate the genetic test review and interpretation practices of clinical cardiovascular genetic counselors. A one-time anonymous online survey was taken by 46 clinical cardiovascular genetic counselors recruited through the National Society of Genetic Counselors Cardiovascular Special Interest Group. Nearly all (95.7%) gather additional information on variants reported on clinical genetic test reports and most (81.4%) assess the classification of such variants. Clinical cardiovascular genetic counselors typically (81...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233444/assessing-a-traditional-case-based-application-exercise-and-a-student-question-creation-exercise-on-student-performance-and-perceptions
#5
Amulya Tatachar, Carol Kominski
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To compare the impact of a traditional case-based application exercise with a student question creation exercise on a) student exam performance, b) student perceptions of enjoyment, competence, understanding, effort, interest in continuing participation, and interest in the subject. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Subjects were 84 second-year pharmacy students in a pharmacotherapy course. The research focus was active learning involving the topic of chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233441/professional-and-pre-professional-pharmacy-students-perceptions-of-team-based-learning-tbl-at-a-private-research-intensive-university
#6
Danielle M Miller, Karen Khalil, Olivia Iskaros, Jenny A Van Amburgh
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pharmacy students need to develop critical thinking and problem-solving skills as well as be a valuable team member. The use of team based learning (TBL) fosters effective team collaboration, enables continuous active and self-directed learning, and requires both individual and team accountability. The purpose was to evaluate pharmacy students' perceptions and experiences related to TBL in different years of the pharmacy curriculum. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Two classes, Introduction to the Profession of Pharmacy (intro), a required course, and Self-Care/Non-Prescription Medications (self-care), an elective course, utilize the TBL approach...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233422/implementation-of-a-virtual-dispensing-simulator-to-support-us-pharmacy-education
#7
Marcus Ferrone, Clark Kebodeaux, Jill Fitzgerald, Lisa Holle
INTRODUCTION: A key element for pharmacy practice defined by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) is medication use systems management. A web-based community pharmacy simulation originally created for Australian pharmacy students was adapted for pharmacy students in the United States (US). The objective of this study was to collaboratively adapt an existing international simulation program for utility in the US and measure student perceptions of a web-based community pharmacy simulation program in three US schools of pharmacy...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233419/implementation-and-impact-of-a-chronic-kidney-disease-elective-for-second-year-pharmacy-students
#8
Christina H Sherrill
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pharmacists can make a great impact on the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD), which is a highly prevalent and costly disorder. This article describes the implementation and impact of a CKD elective course for second-year pharmacy students, which aimed to expose students to CKD and enhance their ability to care for these patients. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Topics associated with CKD were covered in a fifteen-week, three credit hour course...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233417/comparison-of-student-confidence-and-perceptions-of-biochemistry-concepts-using-a-team-based-learning-versus-traditional-lecture-based-format
#9
Rebecca Gryka, Mary E Kiersma, Tracy R Frame, Stephanie M Cailor, Aleda M H Chen
PURPOSE: To evaluate differences in student confidence and perceptions of biochemistry concepts using a team-based learning (TBL) format versus a traditional lecture-based format at two universities. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY: Two pedagogies (TBL vs lecture-based) were utilized to deliver biochemistry concepts at two universities in a first-professional year, semester-long biochemistry course. A 21-item instrument was created and administered pre-post semester to assess changes in confidence in learning biochemistry concepts using Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory (eight items, 5-point, Likert-type) and changes in student perceptions of biochemistry utilizing the theory of planned behavior (TPB) domains (13 items, 7- point, Likert-type)...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233378/a-team-based-interprofessional-education-course-for-first-year-health-professions-students
#10
Michael J Peeters, Martha Sexton, Alexia E Metz, Carol S Hasbrouck
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Interprofessional education (IPE) is required within pharmacy education, and should include classroom-based education along with experiential interprofessional collaboration. For classroom-based education, small-group learning environments may create a better platform for engaging students in the essential domain of interprofessional collaboration towards meaningful learning within IPE sub-domains (interprofessional communication, teams and teamwork, roles and responsibilities, and values and ethics)...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233372/a-novel-use-of-photovoice-methodology-in-a-leadership-appe-and-pharmacy-leadership-elective
#11
Jane E Wilson, Michael J Smith, Tammy L Lambert, David L George, Christina Bulkley
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe and assess the effectiveness of an innovative teaching approach in an advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) and leadership elective. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Three cohorts of students [(2014: n = 14), (2015: n = 17), (2016: n = 19)] were introduced to the photovoice (PV) method in their leadership APPE. PV required students to take, present, and discuss photographs within their cohorts...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233368/faculty-perception-of-team-based-learning-over-multiple-semesters
#12
Clark D Kebodeaux, Golden L Peters, Paul M Stranges, Jamie L Woodyard, Scott Martin Vouri
INTRODUCTION: Perspectives from faculty regarding team-based learning (TBL) are not well understood. Previous studies describe faculty preference for TBL due to increased student interaction despite requiring increased time for design. The perception of changes in faculty workload over multiple semesters has not been measured. This research evaluates faculty workload and perceived student engagement after implementing TBL in a required non-prescription medication course over multiple semesters...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233307/understanding-the-early-effects-of-team-based-learning-on-student-accountability-and-engagement-using-a-three-session-tbl-pilot
#13
Anita Sharma, Kristin K Janke, Andrea Larson, Wendy St Peter
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study examined the early effects of a team based learning (TBL) pilot, including differences in student engagement with TBL compared to lectures, and student accountability, preferences, and satisfaction with TBL. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Three TBL sessions were delivered in the nephrology section of pharmacotherapy and then students completed the team-based learning student assessment instrument (TBL-SAI), which assesses TBL relative to lecture on three subscales (i...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233285/assessment-of-clinical-and-educational-interventions-that-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience-appe-students-contributed-to-a-family-medicine-residency-program
#14
Tatum Mead, Derek Pilla
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The literature firmly establishes that clinical interventions made by pharmacy students on Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) rotations contribute significantly to cost-savings realized by the hosting practice sites. The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) specifies the experiential curricula include opportunities for students to learn about, from, and with other members of the healthcare team through interprofessional education activities...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233282/the-use-of-debates-as-an-active-learning-tool-in-a-college-of-pharmacy-healthcare-delivery-course
#15
Samuel K Peasah, Leisa L Marshall
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To describe the use of debates, and to evaluate student performance and perceptions, when student debates are incorporated as an active learning tool in a required pharmacy healthcare delivery course. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Student live debates replaced 15% of a traditional lecture-based course. Twelve healthcare controversies were debated by student teams each year. Student perception of debate utility and opinion on topics, pre- and post-debate, were measured via a voluntary survey...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233276/comparison-of-long-term-knowledge-retention-in-lecture-based-versus-flipped-team-based-learning-course-delivery
#16
Catherine Taglieri, David Schnee, Lana Dvorkin Camiel, Kathy Zaiken, Amee Mistry, Stefanie Nigro, Gary Tataronis, Dhiren Patel, Susan Jacobson, Jennifer Goldman
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether team based learning (TBL) is superior to traditional lecture -based learning in confidence and knowledge retention one year later. DESIGN: A survey was administered 17 months after a completion of a required over-the-counter /self-care (OTC) course to two different cohorts of students. The survey assessed confidence and knowledge related to OTC topics. The lecture group had a traditional lecture based classroom experience; the intervention group experienced a TBL format throughout the entire course...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230569/a-proctoring-system-to-manage-the-learning-curve-associated-with-the-introduction-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-japan
#17
Masahiro Yamawaki, Kiyotaka Iwasaki, Motoharu Araki, Tsutomu Ito, Yoshiaki Ito, Norio Tada, Kensuke Takagi, Futoshi Yamanaka, Yusuke Watanabe, Masanori Yamamoto, Shinichi Shirai, Kentaro Hayashida
As transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) requires multidisciplinary collaboration, operators and the entire heart team must overcome a steep learning curve. A web-based screening and traditional on-site proctoring system were developed for the introduction of TAVI in Japan. To assess the learning curve involved with the introduction of TAVI under the supervision of a novel proctoring system. We divided 749 consecutive patients enrolled in the OCEAN-TAVI study between October 2013 and August 2015 into the trans-femoral (TF, n = 608) and transapical (TA, n = 141) approach groups to compare outcomes in patients who underwent TAVI during the early proctoring period (proctoring group) and after the procedures began to be performed independently (independent group)...
December 11, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227430/continuing-education-meets-the-learning-organization-the-challenge-of-a-systems-approach-to-patient-safety
#18
John M Eisenberg
Since the release of the report of the Institute of Medicine on medical errors and patient safety in November 1999, health policy makers and health care leaders in several nations have sought solutions that will improve the safety of health care. This attention to patient safety has highlighted the importance of a learning approach and a systems approach to quality measurement and improvement. Balanced with the need for public disclosure of performance, confidential reporting with feedback is one of the prime ways that nations such as the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Australia have approached this challenge...
October 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221459/team-based-learning-tbl-in-the-medical-curriculum-better-than-pbl
#19
Annette Burgess, Jane Bleasel, Inam Haq, Chris Roberts, Roger Garsia, Tomas Robertson, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: Internationally, medical schools have long used a variety of approaches to develop hybrid Problem based learning (PBL) curricula. However, Team-based learning (TBL), has gained recent popularity in medical education. TBL maintains the advantages of small group teaching and learning, but in contrast to Problem-based learning (PBL), does not require large numbers of tutors. In 2016, TBL was introduced to Year 1 of the Sydney Medical Program (SMP).This study sought to compare students' perceptions of using TBL in place of PBL...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221423/assess-identify-make-it-happen-aim-for-preschools-a-tool-to-decrease-early-childhood-obesity
#20
Charlotte V Farewell, Jini E Puma, Jamie Powers, Elaine S Belansky
Early childhood obesity is at epidemic proportions and is a major risk factor for the development of chronic diseases in adulthood. Since the majority of preschoolers are placed in center-based care, best practice policy, system, and environment (PSE) changes in early child care settings plays an important role in defining early development of obesogenic behaviors. However, implementation of best practice PSE changes is often a challenge in low resource settings due to staff turnover, time constraints, cultural beliefs, and lack of health-related knowledge...
December 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
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