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Team-based learning

Ines Rauschenbach, Ramaydalis Keddis, Diane Davis
We have redesigned a tried-and-true laboratory exercise into an inquiry-based team activity exploring microbial growth control, and implemented this activity as the basis for preparing a scientific poster in a large, multi-section laboratory course. Spanning most of the semester, this project culminates in a poster presentation of data generated from a student-designed experiment. Students use and apply the scientific method and improve written and verbal communication skills. The guided inquiry format of this exercise provides the opportunity for student collaboration through cooperative learning...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
David C Gibson
This article presents a new framework for unobtrusive observation analytics of knowledge and skills-in-action through continuous collection of data from individuals while they interact with digital assets either as individuals or on problem-solving teams. The framework includes measures of the skill and knowledge areas of collaboration, creativity, personal learning, problem solving, and global sustainability, which are observed during natural production and use of communications, intentional artifacts, and resources in a digital learning space designed for self-directed and team-based learning challenges...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Sabrina T Wong, William Hogg, Fred Burge, Sharon Johnston, Ilisha French, Stephanie Blackman
BACKGROUND: Across Canada and internationally we have poor infrastructure to regularly collect survey data from primary care practices to supplement data from chart audits and physician billings. The purpose of this work is to: 1) examine the variable costs for carrying out primary care practice-based surveys and 2) share lessons learned about the level of engagement required for recruitment of practices in primary care. METHODS: This work was part of a larger study, TRANSFORMATION that collected data from three provincial study sites in Canada...
June 13, 2018: BMC Family Practice
Genny Raffaeli, Stefano Ghirardello, Mara Vanzati, Chiara Baracetti, Francesco Canesi, Federica Conigliaro, Valerio Gentilino, Francesco Macchini, Monica Fumagalli, Fabrizio Ciralli, Nicola Pesenti, Sofia Passera, Simona Neri, Stefania Franzini, Ernesto Leva, Laura Plevani, Fabio Mosca, Giacomo Cavallaro
Background: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a complex life-saving support for acute cardio-respiratory failure, unresponsive to medical treatment. Emergency events on ECMO are rare but require immediate and proficient management. Multidisciplinary ECMO team members need to acquire and maintain over time cognitive, technical and behavioral skills, to safely face life-threatening clinical scenarios. Methods: A multistep educational program was delivered in a 4-year period to 32 ECMO team members, based on guidelines from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Jessica Wegener, Marilyne Petitclerc
Dietetic educators and practicum coordinators (PC) play critical roles in preparing students for practice. Dietitians have made significant progress in the development of educational curricula, competencies, and other resources to support knowledge and skill attainment in public health. There are identified gaps in the literature concerning practical training in sustainable food systems and public health, creating barriers in knowledge exchange and improvements in practicum programs in Canada. This paper discusses the potential opportunities and challenges associated with the number of placements for practical training in public health based on interviews with PCs in Ontario...
June 12, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Akihiko Okamura, Masayuki Watanabe, Ian Fukudome, Kotaro Yamashita, Masami Yuda, Masaru Hayami, Yu Imamura, Shinji Mine
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) is being increasingly performed; however, it is still associated with high morbidity and mortality. The correlation between surgical team proficiency and patient load lacks clarity. This study evaluates surgical outcomes during the first 3-year period after establishment of a new surgical team. METHODS: A new surgical team was established in September 2013 by two expert surgeons having experience of performing more than 100 MIEs...
April 2018: Esophagus: Official Journal of the Japan Esophageal Society
Eric Pierce, Renato Rapada, Penelope Anne Herder, Anthony J LaPorta, Tuan N Hoang, Mathew Pena, Jeff Blankenship, Jeff Kiser, Sarah Ashley Catlin
BACKGROUND: The US Navy initiated design concepts for a Medical Mission Module Support Container (M3SC), a mobile operating room capable of rapid installation aboard maneuverable ships within proximity of active combat units. The M3SC provides an alternative echelon of care in the current trauma system by decreasing the time between point of injury, arrival, and surgical intervention. The mobile ships used as M3SC platforms, however, are more susceptible to oceanic conditions that can induce detrimental physiologic motion sickness in medical personnel and patients aboard the vessels...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Candace C Knight, Sharon H Hamilton
Introducing leadership content early in a nursing program and weaving related concepts throughout the curriculum allow students opportunities to try on leadership roles and styles and become more skilled in applying leadership concepts. This article describes the implementation and revision of a personal leadership course taught early in an undergraduate nursing curriculum using service-learning, simulation, and team-based learning. The innovative delivery of the course improved student satisfaction and relevance of leadership concepts to second-semester nursing students...
June 9, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
Anne Mette Schmidt, Helle Terkildsen Maindal, Trine Bay Laurberg, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen, Charlotte Ibsen, Kirstine Bak Gulstad, Thomas Maribo
OBJECTIVE: To justify and describe an integrated rehabilitation programme for patients with chronic low back pain prior to evaluation in a randomized controlled trial. METHOD: The Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) checklist was used as a structural framework for the description of the integrated rehabilitation programme. As a part of the description, the Medical Research Council guidance, 'Developing and evaluating complex interventions', was used as a framework to justify the integrated rehabilitation programme...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Pearl A McElfish, Ramey Moore, Melisa Laelan, Britni L Ayers
CONTEXT: Arkansas currently has the largest Marshallese community in the continental US. The limited research available demonstrates that Marshallese have significant health disparities, with higher rates of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and infectious diseases than the US population. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is 2-fold: (1) to describe the formation and capacity building efforts of a community-based participatory research partnership with the Marshallese community in Arkansas and (2) to describe key findings and lessons learned from 5 years of collaborative research...
May 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Terese Bondas
The purpose of this study was to describe the participation of nurses and nurse leaders in self-organizing teams formed to develop innovative nursing care. The theoretical perspective combines Bondas' caritative theory on nursing leadership with Waterman's and Dolan's work on ad hoc organizations. Seven self-organizing teams participated in a 2-year action research project. Data were collected through fieldwork, formal and informal individual and group interviews, and diaries. Analytical abstraction methodology described by Miles et al was used...
July 2018: Nursing Administration Quarterly
Velliyur Viswesh, Haoshu Yang, Vasudha Gupta
Objective. To assess the impact of a debate exercise on self-reported evidence of student learning in literature evaluation, evidence-based decision making, and oral presentation. Methods. Third-year pharmacy students in a required infectious disease therapeutics course participated in a modified debate exercise that included a reading assignment and readiness assessment tests consistent with team-based learning (TBL) pedagogy. Peer and faculty assessment of student learning was accomplished with a standardized rubric...
May 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Cecilia Vindrola-Padros, Laura Eyre, Helen Baxter, Helen Cramer, Bethan George, Lesley Wye, Naomi J Fulop, Martin Utley, Natasha Phillips, Peter Brindle, Martin Marshall
The concept of knowledge co-production is used in health services research to describe partnerships (which can involve researchers, practitioners, managers, commissioners or service users) with the purpose of creating, sharing and negotiating different knowledge types used to make improvements in health services. Several knowledge co-production models have been proposed to date, some involving intermediary roles. This paper explores one such model, researchers-in-residence (also known as 'embedded researchers')...
June 4, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
Brian J Maguire, Barbara J O'Neill, Peter O'Meara, Matthew Browne, Michael T Dealy
OBJECTIVE: To describe measures that assaulted EMS personnel believe will help prevent violence against EMS personnel. METHODS: This mixed- methods study includes a thematic analysis and directed content analysis of one survey question that asked the victims of workplace violence how the incident might have been prevented. RESULTS: Of 1778 survey respondents, 633 reported being assaulted in the previous 12 months; 203 of them believed the incident could have been prevented and 193 of them (95%) answered this question...
May 31, 2018: Injury
Sachin Gupta, Aravind Haripriya, S Ashok Vardhan, Thulasiraj Ravilla, Ravilla D Ravindran
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to document the resident learning curve for manual small-incision cataract surgery (MSICS) and to identify implications for the design of ophthalmology residency programs aimed to train surgeons for developing countries. DESIGN: Hospital-based retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: All 38 residents entering 2 postgraduate residency programs at Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai, in 2012 and 2013. METHODS: Surgical complications and reoperations for all MSICSs performed by residents during the residency training period were evaluated using a computerized patient database...
May 31, 2018: Ophthalmology
Michele Lozito, Kimberly Whiteman, Brenda Swanson-Biearman, Mary Barkhymer, Kimberly Stephens
Although health care workers feel pressure to reduce adverse events in the perioperative department, a lack of education, communication, and leadership can prevent hospital personnel from reporting good catches. The purpose of this evidence-based quality improvement project was to improve the culture of safety in our perioperative department by implementing the Good Catch Campaign. An interprofessional team led staff member education after implementing a standardized electronic reporting system and debriefing process to occur after good catches...
June 2018: AORN Journal
M E Nyström, J Karltun, C Keller, B Andersson Gäre
BACKGROUND: Getting research into policy and practice in healthcare is a recognised, world-wide concern. As an attempt to bridge the gap between research and practice, research funders are requesting more interdisciplinary and collaborative research, while actual experiences of such processes have been less studied. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to gain more knowledge on the interdisciplinary, collaborative and partnership research process by investigating researchers' experiences of and approaches to the process, based on their participation in an inventive national research programme...
May 30, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
Amber Shamim Sultan
Flipping the classroom is a pedagogical model that employs easy to use, readily accessible technology based resources such as video lectures, reading handouts, and practice problems outside the classroom, whereas interactive group-based, problem-solving activities conducted in the classroom. This strategy permits for an extended range of learning activities during the session. Using class time for active learning provides greater opportunity for mentoring and peer to peer collaboration. Instead of spending too much time on delivering lectures, class time can best be utilized by interacting with students, discussing their concerns related to the particular topic to be taught, providing real life examples relevant to the course content, challenging students to think in a broader aspect about complex process and encouraging different team based learning activities...
April 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Tasha R Wyatt, Elena A Wood, John McManus, Kevin Ma, Paul M Wallach
BACKGROUND: Previous research on Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) programs as an early clinical experience indicates that medical students' confidence in patient care and team-building skills increases with participation. However, very little is known about the unplanned, long-term effects of EMT courses on medical students once they enter medical school. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the immediate outcomes produced by the month-long summer EMT course and the unplanned outcomes that students reported 1 year later...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Paul Nix, Seyed A Alavi, Atul Tyagi, Nick Phillips
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic anterior skull base surgery is now established practice. For skull base teams to manage complex pathology a variety of good dural repair techniques are required. However repairing certain skull base defects can be challenging. We look to see if a learning curve is associated with different types of CSF leaks in the anterior skull base Methods: Analysis of a prospectively collected database, contain 383 cases, on all endoscopic anterior skull base operations at one UK institution looking at CSF repair...
May 25, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
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