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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911184/clinical-practice-in-portuguese-sexology
#1
Violeta Alarcão, Sofia Ribeiro, Joana Almeida, Alain Giami
Few studies explore the clinicians' knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding sexuality, despite their role in the sexual health socialization process. This study focuses on Portuguese sexologists engaged into clinical practice. It aims to characterize sexologists' sex education and training and their clinical practices, including diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. This research followed the methodology of a survey undertaken in France as a part of the Euro-Sexo study. From the 91 obtained questionnaires, 51 (56%) were active in clinical practice...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905642/-application-of-a-social-capital-scale-in-older-women-attending-public-primary-care-clinics
#2
Estela Arcos, Ximena Sánchez, Christine Bailey, Luis González, Antonia Vollrath, Luz Angélica Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Social capital is an economical idea that refers to connections between individuals and entities that can be economically valuable. AIM: To establish the relationship of social capital as a health care asset, with sociodemographic variables of older women attending public health care services. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Chen’s Personal Social Capital scale was applied to 113 women aged between 64 and 80 years during 2014. Cronbach’s alpha of the instrument was calculated...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899445/representations-of-health-illness-and-care-by-eastern-european-south-american-and-italian-nurses-a-qualitative-study
#3
Patrizia Velotti, Cecilia Serena Pace, Chiara Petrocchi, Giulio Cesare Zavattini
This qualitative study analyses the social representations of health, illness and care, considering the similarities and differences between 30 nurses from different regions. We conducted three intra-ethnic focus groups and two inter-ethnic focus groups. This study shows similarities between the nurses' representations. All participants believed that the psychological sphere affects individual's health, that disease is an imbalance between physical and psychological factors and that interpersonal aspects are essential for care...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898255/lgbt-identity-untreated-depression-and-unmet-need-for-mental-health-services-by-sexual-minority-women-and-trans-identified-people
#4
Leah S Steele, Andrea Daley, Deone Curling, Margaret F Gibson, Datejie C Green, Charmaine C Williams, Lori E Ross
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found that transgender, lesbian, and bisexual people report poorer mental health relative to heterosexuals. However, available research provides little information about mental health service access among the highest need groups within these communities: bisexual women and transgender people. This study compared past year unmet need for mental health care and untreated depression between four groups: heterosexual cisgender (i.e., not transgender) women, cisgender lesbians, cisgender bisexual women, and transgender people...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896710/how-social-network-heterogeneity-facilitates-lexical-access-and-lexical-prediction
#5
Shiri Lev-Ari, Zeshu Shao
People learn language from their social environment. As individuals differ in their social networks, they might be exposed to input with different lexical distributions, and these might influence their linguistic representations and lexical choices. In this article we test the relation between linguistic performance and 3 social network properties that should influence input variability, namely, network size, network heterogeneity, and network density. In particular, we examine how these social network properties influence lexical prediction, lexical access, and lexical use...
November 28, 2016: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895608/genetic-consideration-of-schizotypal-traits-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Emma E Walter, Francesca Fernandez, Mollie Snelling, Emma Barkus
Schizotypal traits are of interest and importance in their own right and also have theoretical and clinical associations with schizophrenia. These traits comprise attenuated psychotic symptoms, social withdrawal, reduced cognitive capacity, and affective dysregulation. The link between schizotypal traits and psychotic disorders has long since been debated. The status of knowledge at this point is such schizotypal traits are a risk for psychotic disorders, but in and of themselves only confer liability, with other risk factors needing to be present before a transition to psychosis occurs...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891022/the-rights-of-persons-with-disability-bill-2014-implications-for-neurological-disability
#7
REVIEW
Suresh Bada Math, Anupam Gupta, Ravi Yadav, Dhaval Shukla
India ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) in 2007. This is a welcome step toward realizing the rights of the persons with disability. The UNCRPD proclaims that disability results from interaction of impairments with attitudinal and environmental barriers, which hinders full and active participation in society on an equal basis with others. Further, the convention also mandates the signatory governments to make suitable changes in the existing laws of the country, to identify and eliminate obstacles and barriers, and to comply with the terms of the UNCRPD in order to protect the rights of the person with disabilities, hence the amendments of the national laws...
October 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890267/-the-silence-of-a-body-and-speech-set-free
#8
Maurice Corcos
Anorexia is a reflection of issues with the body in all its states. The social body and the representation of a model's body, mistreated in order to meet certain standards, the medical body shaken by the mystery of anorexia, and the subjective body and the reality of the flesh. The anorexic body is a testament to a past full of pain and neglect, a sign of emotional deficiency. Caring for the body of a person with anorexia, whatever the approach, means also and above all working with the future of a human being...
November 2016: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889011/limb-amputation-and-other-disability-desires-as-a-medical-condition
#9
REVIEW
Peter Brugger, Markus Christen, Lena Jellestad, Jürgen Hänggi
Some people have a profound dissatisfaction with what is considered an able-bodied state by most others. These individuals desire to be disabled, by conventional standards. In this Review, we integrate research findings about the desire for a major limb amputation or paralysis (xenomelia). Neuropsychological and neuroimaging explorations of xenomelia show functional and structural abnormalities in predominantly right hemisphere cortical circuits of higher-order bodily representation, including affective and sexual aspects of corporeal awareness...
December 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884127/cancer-related-fatigue-in-post-treatment-cancer-survivors-application-of-the-common-sense-model-of-illness-representations
#10
Teresa Corbett, AnnMarie Groarke, Jane C Walsh, Brian E McGuire
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue (CrF) is a common and disruptive symptom that may be experienced during and after cancer. Research into the subjective experience of fatigue in this group is required. The common sense model of self-regulation of health and illness (SRM) addresses personal beliefs or mental representations-whether medically sound or unsubstantiated- that a person holds about a health issue. The current study assesses if the SRM could be used as a theoretical framework for organizing the experiences of people with CrF, with a view to identifying methods to address fatigue in cancer survivors...
November 25, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882595/children-s-representation-and-imitation-of-events-how-goal-organization-influences-3-year-old-children-s-memory-for-action-sequences
#11
Jeff Loucks, Christina Mutschler, Andrew N Meltzoff
Children's imitation of adults plays a prominent role in human cognitive development. However, few studies have investigated how children represent the complex structure of observed actions which underlies their imitation. We integrate theories of action segmentation, memory, and imitation to investigate whether children's event representation is organized according to veridical serial order or a higher level goal structure. Children were randomly assigned to learn novel event sequences either through interactive hands-on experience (Study 1) or via storybook (Study 2)...
November 24, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881783/multivariate-brain-prediction-of-heart-rate-and-skin-conductance-responses-to-social-threat
#12
Hedwig Eisenbarth, Luke J Chang, Tor D Wager
: Psychosocial stressors induce autonomic nervous system (ANS) responses in multiple body systems that are linked to health risks. Much work has focused on the common effects of stress, but ANS responses in different body systems are dissociable and may result from distinct patterns of cortical-subcortical interactions. Here, we used machine learning to develop multivariate patterns of fMRI activity predictive of heart rate (HR) and skin conductance level (SCL) responses during social threat in humans (N = 18)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877024/understanding-the-physical-social-and-emotional-experiences-of-people-with-uncontrolled-type-2-diabetes-a-qualitative-study
#13
Anna Berenguera, Àngels Molló-Inesta, Manel Mata-Cases, Josep Franch-Nadal, Bonaventura Bolíbar, Esther Rubinat, Dídac Mauricio
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the perceptions, barriers, and facilitators of self-management of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) to determine the factors to consider when developing and implementing a person-centered intervention in patients with poor glycemic control attending primary care. METHODS: This was a qualitative study conducted in 6 primary care health centers in Catalonia. Patients who had been diagnosed with T2DM and had glycated hemoglobin of 9% or more were included...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869456/evaluation-of-relational-reasoning-by-a-transitive-inference-task-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#14
Emiliano Brunamonti, Floriana Costanzo, Anna Mammì, Cristina Rufini, Diletta Veneziani, Pierpaolo Pani, Stefano Vicari, Stefano Ferraina, Deny Menghini
Objective: Here we explored whether children with ADHD have a deficit in relational reasoning, a skill subtending the acquisition of many cognitive abilities and social rules. Method: We analyzed the performance of a group of children with ADHD during a transitive inference task, a task requiring first to learn the reciprocal relationship between adjacent items of a rank ordered series (e.g., A>B; B>C; C>D; D>E; E>F), and second, to deduct the relationship between novel pairs of items never matched during the learning (e...
November 21, 2016: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867757/epigenetics-media-coverage-and-parent-responsibilities-in-the-post-genomic-era
#15
Martine Lappé
Environmental epigenetics is the study of how exposures and experiences can turn genes "on" or "off" without changing DNA sequence. By examining the influence that environmental conditions including diet, stress, trauma, toxins, and care can have on gene expression, this science suggests molecular connections between the environment, genetics, and how acquired characteristics may be inherited across generations. The rapid expansion of research in this area has attracted growing media attention. This coverage has implications for how parents and prospective parents understand health and their perceived responsibilities for children's wellbeing...
September 2016: Current Genetic Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867363/a-comparative-review-of-microrna-expression-patterns-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Steven D Hicks, Frank A Middleton
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a wide spectrum of deficits in social interaction, communication, and behavior. There is a significant genetic component to ASD, yet no single gene variant accounts for >1% of incidence. Posttranscriptional mechanisms such as microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression without altering the genetic code. They are abundant in the developing brain and are dysregulated in children with ASD. Patterns of miRNA expression are altered in the brain, blood, saliva, and olfactory precursor cells of ASD subjects...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867283/from-virgin-births-to-octomom-representations-of-single-motherhood-via-sperm-donation-in-the-uk-news
#17
S Zadeh, J Foster
The use of sperm donation by single women has provoked public, professional and political debate. Newspapers serve as a critical means of both broadcasting this debate and effecting a representation of this user group within the public sphere. This study uses the theory of social representations to examine how single motherhood by sperm donation has been represented in the UK news over time. The study sampled news coverage on this topic in eight British newspapers during three 4-year periods between the years 1988 and 2012...
November 2016: Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860079/perceptions-of-schizophrenia-and-coping-styles-in-caregivers-comparison-between-india-and-switzerland
#18
S Rexhaj, A E Jose, P Golay, J Favrod
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Negative perceptions of illnesses can increase caregivers' use of ineffective coping strategies, which may increase their burdens and distress. Scientific and theoretical framework showed that culture and health organization system influence perception of illnesses and thus also has an impact on the coping strategies used. There is a lack of data on comparative perceptions of illnesses and coping styles between India and Switzerland and that is why this hypothesis needs to be confirmed...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859936/mortality-salience-reduces-the-discrimination-between-in-group-and-out-group-interactions-a-functional-mri-investigation-using-multi-voxel-pattern-analysis
#19
Chunliang Feng, Bobby Azarian, Yina Ma, Xue Feng, Lili Wang, Yue-Jia Luo, Frank Krueger
As a fundamental concern of human beings, mortality salience impacts various human social behaviors including intergroup interactions; however, the underlying neural signature remains obscure. Here, we examined the neural signatures underlying the impact of mortality reminders on in-group bias in costly punishment combining a second-party punishment task with multivariate pattern analysis of fMRI data. After mortality salience (MS) priming or general negative affect priming, participants received offers from racial in-group and out-group proposers and decided how to punish proposers by reducing their payoffs...
November 10, 2016: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859899/neural-signatures-of-trust-in-reciprocity-a-coordinate-based-meta-analysis
#20
Gabriele Bellucci, Sergey V Chernyak, Kimberly Goodyear, Simon B Eickhoff, Frank Krueger
Trust in reciprocity (TR) is defined as the risky decision to invest valued resources in another party with the hope of mutual benefit. Several fMRI studies have investigated the neural correlates of TR in one-shot and multiround versions of the investment game (IG). However, an overall characterization of the underlying neural networks remains elusive. Here, a coordinate-based meta-analysis was employed (activation likelihood estimation method, 30 articles) to investigate consistent brain activations in each of the IG stages (i...
November 17, 2016: Human Brain Mapping
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