keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Social representation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648467/differentiating-could-from-should-developmental-changes-in-modal-cognition
#1
Andrew Shtulman, Jonathan Phillips
Young children have difficulty in distinguishing events that violate physical laws (impossible events) from those that violate mere physical regularities (improbable events). They judge both as "impossible." Young children also have difficulty in distinguishing events that violate moral laws (immoral events) from events that violate mere social regularities (unconventional events). They judge both as "wrong." In this set of studies, we explored the possibility that both difficulties arise from a more general deficit in modal cognition, or the way in which children represent and reason about possibilities...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644680/exploring-the-factor-structure-of-the-social-cognition-and-object-relations-global-rating-method-support-for-two-and-three-factor-models
#2
Caleb J Siefert, Michelle Stein, Jenelle Slavin-Mulford, Greg Haggerty, Samuel J Sinclair, Danielle Funke, Mark A Blais
The Social Cognition and Object Relations Scales-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G) contains 8 scales for coding narrative content. This study explores the factor structure of this measure using college (n = 171), outpatient (n = 239), and inpatient (n = 78) samples. Participants told stories to the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT; Murray, 1943) cards. Stories were transcribed and coded by blind raters using the SCORS-G. Cases were randomly assigned to an exploratory or validation group. Exploratory factor analysis with the exploratory group suggested 2- and 3-factor models...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637360/who-or-what-has-agency-in-the-discussion-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-uk-news-media-2010-2015-a-transitivity-analysis
#3
Luke Curtis Collins, Rusi Jaspal, Brigitte Nerlich
The increase in infections resistant to the existing antimicrobial medicines has become a topic of concern for health professionals, policy makers and publics across the globe; however, among the public there is a sense that this is an issue beyond their control. Research has shown that the news media can have a significant role to play in the public's understanding of science and medicine. In this article, we respond to a call by research councils in the United Kingdom to study antibiotic or antimicrobial resistance as a social phenomenon by providing a linguistic analysis of reporting on this issue in the UK press...
June 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632461/consuming-ecstasy-representations-of-male-and-female-orgasm-in-mainstream-pornography
#4
Léa J Séguin, Carl Rodrigue, Julie Lavigne
Social representations, which appear in a variety of media, can influence the way sexual experiences are perceived and understood. While pornography is not the only medium in which orgasm is portrayed, it is the most explicit, and it is widespread and easily accessible. As such, pornography is an ideal medium for examining representations of male and female orgasm. PornHub's 50 most viewed videos of all time were viewed and coded for the frequency of male and female orgasm, orgasm-inducing sex acts (and whether activity inducing female orgasms included some form of clitoral stimulation), and auditory (verbal, vocal) and visual (bodily) indicators of orgasm...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631413/young-children-seek-out-biased-information-about-social-groups
#5
Harriet Over, Adam Eggleston, Jenny Bell, Yarrow Dunham
Understanding the origins of prejudice necessitates exploring the ways in which children participate in the construction of biased representations of social groups. We investigate whether young children actively seek out information that supports and extends their initial intergroup biases. In Studies 1 and 2, we show that children choose to hear a story that contains positive information about their own group and negative information about another group rather than a story that contains negative information about their own group and positive information about the other group...
June 20, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627281/mirroring-meaningful-actions-sensorimotor-learning-modulates-imitation-of-goal-directed-actions
#6
Caroline Catmur, Cecilia Heyes
Imitation is important in the development of social and technological skills throughout the lifespan. Experiments investigating the acquisition and modulation of imitation (and of its proposed neural substrate, the mirror neuron system) have produced evidence that the capacity for imitation depends on associative learning in which connections are formed between sensory and motor representations of actions. However, evidence that the development of imitation depends on associative learning has been found only for non-goal-directed actions...
June 19, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624644/psychiatric-symptom-recognition-without-labeled-data-using-distributional-representations-of-phrases-and-on-line-knowledge
#7
Yaoyun Zhang, Olivia Zhang, Yonghui Wu, Hee-Jin Lee, Jun Xu, Hua Xu, Kirk Roberts
OBJECTIVE: Mental health is becoming an increasingly important topic in healthcare. Psychiatric symptoms, which consist of subjective descriptions of the patient's experience, as well as the nature and severity of mental disorders, are critical to support the phenotypic classification for personalized prevention, diagnosis, and intervention of mental disorders. However, few automated approaches have been proposed to extract psychiatric symptoms from clinical text, mainly due to (a) the lack of annotated corpora, which are time-consuming and costly to build, and (b) the inherent linguistic difficulties that symptoms present as they are not well-defined clinical concepts like diseases...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619530/neural-networks-underlying-language-and-social-cognition-during-self-other-processing-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#8
Rajesh K Kana, Emma B Sartin, Carl Stevens, Hrishikesh D Deshpande, Christopher Klein, Mark R Klinger, Laura Grofer Klinger
The social communication impairments defining autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may be built upon core deficits in perspective-taking, language processing, and self-other representation. Self-referential processing entails the ability to incorporate self-awareness, self-judgment, and self-memory in information processing. Very few studies have examined the neural bases of integrating self-other representation and semantic processing in individuals with ASD. The main objective of this functional MRI study is to examine the role of language and social brain networks in self-other processing in young adults with ASD...
June 12, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619033/social-representations-of-malaria-in-the-guna-indigenous-population-of-comarca-guna-de-madungandi-panama
#9
Lorenzo Cáceres, José E Calzada, Amanda Gabster, Josue Young, Ricardo Márquez, Rolando Torres, Margarita Griffith
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to recognize the social representation of the Guna indigenous population by identifying cultural elements related to malaria, in order to create an intercultural approach to any health intervention to control and prevent the disease. METHODS: This qualitative study has an anthropological focus that used participant observation, informal conversations, focus groups, interviews, in-depth interviews with key actors. Analyses included review, classification and categorization of interviews...
June 15, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617829/rhythmic-syllable-related-activity-in-a-songbird-motor-thalamic-nucleus-necessary-for-learned-vocalizations
#10
Husain H Danish, Dmitriy Aronov, Michale S Fee
Birdsong is a complex behavior that exhibits hierarchical organization. While the representation of singing behavior and its hierarchical organization has been studied in some detail in avian cortical premotor circuits, our understanding of the role of the thalamus in adult birdsong is incomplete. Using a combination of behavioral and electrophysiological studies, we seek to expand on earlier work showing that the thalamic nucleus Uvaeformis (Uva) is necessary for the production of stereotyped, adult song in zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615272/what-do-adolescents-with-asthma-really-think-about-adherence-to-inhalers-insights-from-a-qualitative-analysis-of-a-uk-online-forum
#11
Anna De Simoni, Robert Horne, Louise Fleming, Andrew Bush, Chris Griffiths
OBJECTIVE: To explore the barriers and facilitators to inhaled asthma treatment in adolescents with asthma. DESIGN: Qualitative analysis of posts about inhaler treatment in adolescents from an online forum for people with asthma. Analysis informed by the Perceptions and Practicalities Approach. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-four forum participants (39 adolescents ≥16 years, 5 parents of adolescents, 10 adults with asthma) identified using search terms 'teenager inhaler' and 'adolescent inhaler'...
June 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610755/epistemological-erasure-the-subject-of-abuse-in-the-problematization-of-elder-abuse
#12
Bridget Garnham, Lia Bryant
The academic field of literature pertaining to elder abuse emerges largely from gerontology with contributions from a variety of disciplines including geriatric medicine, nursing, public health, law, psychology, sociology and social work. This paper presents a critical review of articles drawn from this literature to identify current directions leading the development of empirical research in this field. The objective measurement of prevalence, the identification and correlation of psycho-social risk factors and practice-based research oriented to intervention and prevention are identified as privileged sites for scientific investigation...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609168/forever-young-visual-representations-of-gender-and-age-in-online-dating-sites-for-older-adults
#13
Ateret Gewirtz-Meydan, Liat Ayalon
Online dating has become increasingly popular among older adults following broader social media adoption patterns. The current study examined the visual representations of people on 39 dating sites intended for the older population, with a particular focus on the visualization of the intersection between age and gender. All 39 dating sites for older adults were located through the Google search engine. Visual thematic analysis was performed with reference to general, non-age-related signs (e.g., facial expression, skin color), signs of aging (e...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607665/expression-dependence-in-the-perception-of-facial-identity
#14
Annabelle S Redfern, Christopher P Benton
We recognise familiar faces irrespective of their expression. This ability, crucial for social interactions, is a fundamental feature of face perception. We ask whether this constancy of facial identity may be compromised by changes in expression. This, in turn, addresses the issue of whether facial identity and expression are processed separately or interact. Using an identification task, participants learned the identities of two actors from naturalistic (so-called ambient) face images taken from movies. Training was either with neutral images or their expressive counterparts, perceived expressiveness having been determined experimentally...
May 2017: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606870/a-deep-learning-approach-for-predicting-the-quality-of-online-health-expert-question-answering-services
#15
Ze Hu, Zhan Zhang, Haiqin Yang, Qing Chen, Decheng Zuo
Recently, online health expert question-answering (HQA) services (systems) have attracted more and more health consumers to ask health-related questions everywhere at any time due to the convenience and effectiveness. However, the quality of answers in existing HQA systems varies in different situations. It is significant to provide effective tools to automatically determine the quality of the answers. Two main characteristics in HQA systems raise the difficulties of classification: 1) physicians' answers in an HQA system are usually written in short text, which yields the data sparsity issue; 2) HQA systems apply the quality control mechanism, which shield the wisdom of crowd...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601369/body-representation-difficulties-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-may-be-due-to-delayed-development-of-visuo-tactile-temporal-binding
#16
Danielle Ropar, Katie Greenfield, Alastair D Smith, Mark Carey, Roger Newport
Recent research suggests visuo-tactile binding is temporally extended in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), although it is not clear whether this specifically underlies altered body representation in this population. In the current study children and adolescents with ASD, and typically developing controls, placed their hand into mediated reality system (MIRAGE) and saw two identical live video images of their own right hand. One image was in the proprioceptively correct location (veridical hand) and the other was displaced to either side...
April 27, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600740/functional-reorganization-during-cognitive-function-tasks-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#17
Jürgen Keller, Sarah Böhm, Helena E A Aho-Özhan, Markus Loose, Martin Gorges, Jan Kassubek, Ingo Uttner, Sharon Abrahams, Albert C Ludolph, Dorothée Lulé
Cognitive deficits, especially in the domains of social cognition and executive function including verbal fluency, are common in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. There is yet sparse understanding of pathogenesis of the underlying, possibly adaptive, cortical patterns. To address this issue, 65 patients with ALS and 33 age-, gender- and education-matched healthy controls were tested on cognitive and behavioral deficits with the Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS). Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), cortical activity during social cognition and executive function tasks (theory of mind, verbal fluency, alternation) adapted from the ECAS was determined in a 3 Tesla scanner...
June 9, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590896/social-representation-of-loud-music-in-young-adults-a-cross-cultural-study
#18
Vinaya Manchaiah, Fei Zhao, Stephen Widen, Jasmin Auzenne, Eldré W Beukes, Tayebeh Ahmadi, David Tomé, Deepthi Mahadeva, Rajalakshmi Krishna, Per Germundsson
BACKGROUND: Exposure to recreational noise, particularly music exposure, is considered one of the biggest public health hazards of our time. Some important influencing factors such as socioeconomic status, educational background, and cross-cultural perspectives have previously been found to be associated with attitudes toward loud music and the use of hearing protection. Although culture seems to play an important role, there is relatively little known about how it influences perceptions regarding loud music exposure in young adults...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583363/narrative-ordering-and-explanation
#19
Mary S Morgan
This paper investigates the important role of narrative in social science case-based research. The focus is on the use of narrative in creating a productive ordering of the materials within such cases, and on how such ordering functions in relation to 'narrative explanation'. It argues that narrative ordering based on juxtaposition - using an analogy to certain genres of visual representation - is associated with creating and resolving puzzles in the research field. Analysis of several examples shows how the use of conceptual or theoretical resources within the narrative ordering of ingredients enables the narrative explanation of the case to be resituated at other sites, demonstrating how such explanations can attain scope without implying full generality...
April 2017: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578224/development-and-validation-of-a-brief-assessment-of-recovery-capital-barc-10-for-alcohol-and-drug-use-disorder
#20
Corrie L Vilsaint, John F Kelly, Brandon G Bergman, Teodora Groshkova, David Best, William White
BACKGROUND: It has been long established that achieving recovery from an alcohol or other drug use disorder is associated with increased biobehavioral stress. To enhance the chances of recovery, a variety of psychological, physical, social, and environmental resources, known as "recovery capital", are deemed important as they can help mitigate this high stress burden. A 50-item measure of recovery capital was developed (Assessment of Recovery Capital [ARC]), with 10 subscales; however, a briefer version could enhance further deployment in research and busy clinical/recovery support service settings...
May 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
keyword
keyword
42352
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"