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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138749/auris-system-providing-vibrotactile-feedback-for-hearing-impaired-population
#1
Felipe Alves Araujo, Fabricio Lima Brasil, Allison Candido Lima Santos, Luzenildo de Sousa Batista Junior, Savio Pereira Fonseca Dutra, Carlos Eduardo Coelho Freire Batista
Deafness, an issue that affects millions of people around the globe, is manifested in different intensities and related to many causes. This impairment negatively affects different aspects of the social life of the deaf people, and music-centered situations (concerts, religious events, etc.) are obviously not inviting for them. The Auris System was conceived to provide the musical experimentation for people who have some type of hearing loss. This system is able to extract musical information from audio and create a representation for music pieces using different stimuli, a new media format to be interpreted by other senses than the hearing...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135378/same-sex-parenting-identification-of-social-representations-in-a-sample-of-portuguese-professionals
#2
Paula Xavier, Isabel Alberto, Francisco Mendes
Although international scientific research and the position of professional associations reiterate that the parents' sexual orientation is not a criterion of parenting quality, the social recognition of same-sex parenting remains difficult in Portugal. Given the importance of forensic issues in this field, this study aims to identify the representations of psychologists, social workers, lawyers/attorneys, and judges regarding same-sex parenting. The study involves five homogeneous focus groups with a total of 19 professionals...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134680/vocal-activities-reflect-the-temporal-distribution-of-bottlenose-dolphin-social-and-non-social-activity-in-a-zoological-park
#3
Alice Lima, Alban Lemasson, Martin Boye, Martine Hausberger
Under natural conditions bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) spend their time mostly feeding and then travelling, socializing, or resting. These activities are not randomly distributed, with feeding being higher in early morning and late afternoon. Social activities and vocal behavior seem to be very important in dolphin daily activity. This study aimed to describe the activity time-budget and its relation to vocal behavior for dolphins in a zoological park. We recorded behaviors and vocalizations of six dolphins over 2 months...
November 14, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122035/deep-mechanisms-of-social-affect%C3%A2-%C3%A2-plastic-parental-brain-mechanisms-for-sensitivity-versus-contempt
#4
James E Swain, S Shaun Ho
Insensitive parental thoughts and affect, similar to contempt, may be mapped onto a network of basic emotions moderated by attitudinal representations of social-relational value. Brain mechanisms that reflect emotional valence of baby signals among parents vary according to individual differences and show plasticity over time. Furthermore, mental health problems and treatments for parents may affect these brain systems toward or away from contempt, respectively.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122030/oxytocin-shapes-the-priorities-and-neural-representations-of-attitudes-and-values
#5
René Hurlemann, Nina Marsh, Johannes Schultz, Dirk Scheele
The phylogenetically ancient neuropeptide oxytocin has been linked to a plethora of social behaviors. Here, we argue that the action of oxytocin is not restricted to the downstream level of emotional responses, but substantially alters higher representations of attitudes and values by exerting a distant modulatory influence on cortical areas and their reciprocal interplay with subcortical regions and hormonal systems.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122024/prejudice-is-a-general-evaluation-not-a-specific-emotion
#6
Angela J Bahns
Prejudice, like contempt, is a general evaluation rather than a specific emotion. I explore the idea that emotions and attitudes are conceptually distinct by applying Gervais & Fessler's model to the intergroup context. I argue that prejudice is an affective representation of a social group's relational value (friend or foe) and dispute the idea that there are many distinct prejudices.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121587/social-attention-directs-working-memory-maintenance
#7
Qi-Yang Nie, Xiaowei Ding, Jianyong Chen, Markus Conci
Visual working memory (vWM) performance is enhanced when a memorized object is cued after encoding. This so-called retro-cue effect is typically observed with a predictive (80% valid), retrospective cue. The current study examined whether a nonpredictive (50% valid) retro-cue can similarly enhance internal memory representations in cases where the cue conveys social signals. To this end, gaze cues were presented during the retention interval of a change-detection task, which are capable to engender a mutual attentional focus of two individuals towards one location...
November 6, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120389/textile-pressure-mapping-sensor-for-emotional-touch-detection-in-human-robot-interaction
#8
Bo Zhou, Carlos Andres Velez Altamirano, Heber Cruz Zurian, Seyed Reza Atefi, Erik Billing, Fernando Seoane Martinez, Paul Lukowicz
In this paper, we developed a fully textile sensing fabric for tactile touch sensing as the robot skin to detect human-robot interactions. The sensor covers a 20-by-20 cm 2 area with 400 sensitive points and samples at 50 Hz per point. We defined seven gestures which are inspired by the social and emotional interactions of typical people to people or pet scenarios. We conducted two groups of mutually blinded experiments, involving 29 participants in total. The data processing algorithm first reduces the spatial complexity to frame descriptors, and temporal features are calculated through basic statistical representations and wavelet analysis...
November 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119693/the-neural-representation-of-social-status-in-the-extended-face-processing-network
#9
Jessica E Koski, Jessica A Collins, Ingrid R Olson
Social status is a salient cue that shapes our judgment and memory for other people and ultimately guides our social interactions. Despite the pervasive influence of status on social behavior, how information about the status of others is represented in the brain remains unclear. Here, we tested the hypothesis that social-status information is embedded in our neural representations of other individuals. Participants learned to associate faces with names, job titles that that varied in associated status, and explicit markers of reputational status (star ratings)...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118469/welsh-women-s-industrial-fiction-1880-1910
#10
Kirsti Bohata, Alexandra Jones
From the beginning of the genre, women writers have made a major contribution to the development of industrial writing. Although prevented from gaining first-hand experience of the coalface, Welsh women writers were amongst the first to try to fictionalize those heavy industries-coal and metal in the south, and slate in the north-which dominated the lives of the majority of the late nineteenth-century Welsh population. Treatment of industrial matter is generally fragmentary in this early women's writing; industrial imagery and metaphor may be used in novels that are not primarily "about" industry at all...
October 2, 2017: Women's Writing: the Elizabethan to Victorian Period
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115181/it-s-not-me-it-s-you-differential-neural-processing-of-social-and-non-social-nogo-cues-in-joint-action
#11
Jutta Peterburs, Roman Liepelt, Rolf Voegler, Sebastian Ocklenburg, Thomas Straube
This EEG study used a joint flanker task to investigate differences in processing of social and non-social nogo cues, i.e., between cues indicating that a co-actor should respond and cues signaling that neither actor nor co-actor should respond, using event-related potentials (ERPs) and trial-to-trial response time (RT) effects. It was hypothesized that a social co-actor's response should be reflected in stronger modulation (slower RTs on subsequent trials; augmented neural responses) for social compared to non-social nogo...
November 8, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114717/the-quality-of-australian-indigenous-primary-health-care-research-focusing-on-social-and-emotional-wellbeing-a-systematic-review
#12
Sara Farnbach, Anne-Maree Eades, Jamie K Fernando, Josephine D Gwynn, Nick Glozier, Maree L Hackett
Objectives and importance of the study: Primary health care research focused on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) people is needed to ensure that key frontline services provide evidence based and culturally appropriate care. We systematically reviewed the published primary health care literature to identify research designs, processes and outcomes, and assess the scientific quality of research focused on social and emotional wellbeing. This will inform future research to improve evidence based, culturally appropriate primary health care...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110805/a-population-based-epidemiologic-study-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-risk-in-mainland-china-prevalence-and-predictors
#13
Chunni Zhang, Jiali Tong, Lan Zhu, Lei Zhang, Tao Xu, Jinghe Lang, Yu Xie
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic data on female sexual dysfunction in China are sparse. AIM: To assess the prevalence of risk of female sexual dysfunction in mainland China and its regional and sociodemographic variations and physiologic, pathologic, and behavioral risk factors. METHODS: A survey of the general female population was conducted in mainland China from February 2014 through January 2016. Women were randomly selected using multistage, stratified, cluster sampling...
November 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107332/neuronal-representation-of-social-information-in-the-medial-amygdala-of-awake-behaving-mice
#14
Ying Li, Alexander Mathis, Benjamin F Grewe, Jessica A Osterhout, Biafra Ahanonu, Mark J Schnitzer, Venkatesh N Murthy, Catherine Dulac
The medial amygdala (MeA) plays a critical role in processing species- and sex-specific signals that trigger social and defensive behaviors. However, the principles by which this deep brain structure encodes social information is poorly understood. We used a miniature microscope to image the Ca(2+) dynamics of large neural ensembles in awake behaving mice and tracked the responses of MeA neurons over several months. These recordings revealed spatially intermingled subsets of MeA neurons with distinct temporal dynamics...
October 25, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106992/biological-novelty-in-the-anthropocene
#15
Marcelino Fuentes
It is well known that humans are creating new variants of organisms, ecosystems and landscapes. Here I argue that the degree of biological novelty generated by humans goes deeper than that. We use property rules to create exclusivity in cooperation among humans, and between humans and other biological entities, thus overcoming social dilemmas and breaking barriers to cooperation. This is leading to novel forms of cooperation. One of them is the human control, modification and replication of whole ecosystems...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102221/-gender-meanings-of-the-risk-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-hiv-transmission-among-young-people
#16
Sílvia Saura, Víctor Jorquera, Dolors Rodríguez, Carina Mascort, Immaculada Castellà, Jordi García
AIM: To identify the links between social representations used by young people to construct their gender identity, sexuality, and the risk management for sexually transmitted infections. SETTING: Different settings of Primary Health Care in Girona. PARTICIPANTS: Young people aged between 16 and 21 years (32 participants) living in Girona. METHOD: A qualitative study with a social constructionist perspective. A theoretical sampling was carried out and the triangular group and individual interview techniques were used for data collection...
October 25, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096534/the-doctor-patient-relationship-and-patient-resilience-in-chronic-pain-a-qualitative-approach-to-patients-perspectives
#17
Lilla Náfrádi, Zlatina Kostova, Kent Nakamoto, Peter J Schulz
Objectives To study patients' perspectives about the role of the doctor-patient relationship in promoting the resilience process. Methods We conducted in-depth interviews with 20 chronic pain patients. Using open-ended questions, the interviews explored aspects of the doctor-patient relationship that impacted the patients' perceptions of their resilience. Thematic analysis built on an inductive, adaptive approach to data coding was employed to organize a representation of key factors affecting resilience. Results The themes emerging from the interviews inform us about how the different aspects of the doctor-patient relationship can promote patient resilience in chronic pain...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094383/social-beliefs-and-visual-attention-how-the-social-relevance-of-a-cue-influences-spatial-orienting
#18
Matthias S Gobel, Miles R A Tufft, Daniel C Richardson
We are highly tuned to each other's visual attention. Perceiving the eye or hand movements of another person can influence the timing of a saccade or the reach of our own. However, the explanation for such spatial orienting in interpersonal contexts remains disputed. Is it due to the social appearance of the cue-a hand or an eye-or due to its social relevance-a cue that is connected to another person with attentional and intentional states? We developed an interpersonal version of the Posner spatial cueing paradigm...
November 2, 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093053/social-group-stories-in-the-media-and-child-development
#19
REVIEW
Karen E Dill-Shackleford, Srividya Ramasubramanian, Elizabeth Behm-Morawitz, Erica Scharrer, Melinda C R Burgess, Dafna Lemish
How do children and youth come to understand what it means to be a member of a particular race, gender, and other social groups? How do they come to hold beliefs about the groups that they do and do not belong to? Both news stories and fictional narratives that we are tuned into as a culture tell stories about what it means to be a member of a particular social group. In this review article, we relate the latest scientific knowledge on news and entertainment media representations of race, gender and other social categories and what they tell us about how these messages are taken in and processed by developing minds...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091537/why-do-we-fall-into-sync-with-others-interpersonal-synchronization-and-the-brain-s-optimization-principle
#20
Leonie Koban, Anand Ramamoorthy, Ivana Konvalinka
Spontaneous interpersonal synchronization of rhythmic behavior such as gait or clapping is a ubiquitous phenomenon in human interactions, and is potentially important for social relationships and action understanding. Although several authors have suggested a role of the mirror neuron system in interpersonal coupling, the underlying brain mechanisms are not well understood. Here we argue that more general theories of neural computations, namely predictive coding and the Free Energy Principle, could explain interpersonal coordination dynamics...
November 1, 2017: Social Neuroscience
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