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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150765/finite-element-design-optimization-of-a-hyaluronic-acid-based-hydrogel-drug-delivery-device-for-improved-retention
#1
Jourdan Colter, Barbara Wirostko, Brittany Coats
Drug-loaded hydrogel devices are emerging as an effective means of localized and sustained drug delivery for the treatment of corneal conditions and injuries. One such device uses a novel, thiolated crosslinked carboxymethylated, hyaluronic acid-based hydrogel (CMHA-S) film to deliver drug to the ocular surface upon placement into the inferior fornix of the eye. While proven to be very safe and effective, the CMHA-S film tends to dislodge in the highly-lubricated ocular environment, thereby reducing drug delivery efficiency and drug efficacy...
November 17, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150670/ultrahigh-field-mr-imaging-of-a-subconjunctival-anti-glaucoma-drug-delivery-system-in-a-rabbit-model
#2
Franziska Kopp, Thomas Eickner, Stefan Polei, Karen Falke, Martin Witt, Niels Grabow, Oliver Stachs, Rudolf F Guthoff, Tobias Lindner
Local drug delivery systems (DDS) have become a favourable approach for the treatment of numerous diseases. Biomedical imaging techniques such as ultrahigh field magnetic resonance imaging (UHF-MRI) offer unique insight into DDS biodegradation in vivo. We describe the establishment of a 7 Tesla MRI routine for longitudinal in vivo examinations of a subconjunctival DDS for the treatment of glaucoma in a rabbit model. In initial in vitro examinations the T2-relaxation times of the polymeric DDS components were assessed...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149824/gene-therapy-and-retinal-diseases
#3
Claudio Campa, Carla Enrica Gallenga, Elena Bolletta, Paolo Perri
Background Gene therapy represents the therapeutic delivery of nucleic acid polymers into a patient's cells with the aim of treating an underlying disease. Over the past 2 decades this new therapy has made substantial progress owing to better understanding of the pathobiologic basis of various diseases coupled with growth of gene transfer biotechnologies. The eye, in particular, represents a suitable target for such therapy due to the immune privilege provided by the blood-ocular barrier, the ability to directly visualize, access and locally treat the cells and the minimal amount of vector needed given the size of this organ...
November 16, 2017: Current Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149176/a-simple-way-for-targeted-delivery-of-an-antibiotic-in-vitro-evaluation-of-a-nanoclay-based-composite
#4
Leslie Valdés, Irela Pérez, Louis Charles de Ménorval, Ernesto Altshuler, Jon Otto Fossum, Aramis Rivera
The sodium-modified form of fluorohectorite nanoclay (NaFh) is introduced as a potential drug carrier, demonstrating its ability for the controlled release of the broad-spectrum antibiotic Ciprofloxacin through in vitro tests. The new clay-drug composite is designed to target the local infections in the large intestine, where it delivers most of the incorporated drug thanks to its pH-sensitive behavior. The composite has been conceived to avoid the use of coating technology and to decrease the side-effects commonly associated to the burst-release of the ciprofloxacin at the stomach level...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148694/ambient-aqueous-synthesis-of-ultrasmall-ni0-85se-nanoparticles-for-non-invasive-photoacoustic-imaging-and-combined-photothermal-chemo-therapy-of-cancer
#5
Xianwen Wang, Fei Li, Xu Yan, Yan Ma, Zhaohua Miao, Liang Dong, Huajian Chen, Yang Lu, Zhengbao Zha
Big size induced long-term retention in the body has hampered the translational applications of many reported nanomedicine. Herein, we reported a multifunctional theranostic agent composed of ultrasmall polyacrylic acid functionalized Ni0.85Se nanoparticles (PAA-Ni0.85Se NPs), which were successfully obtained through a facile ambient aqueous precipitation strategy. Without exhibiting any noticeable toxicity, the as-prepared PAA-Ni0.85Se NPs (average diameter of 6.40 ± 1.89 nm) showed a considerable absorption in near-infrared (NIR) region and high photothermal conversion efficiency (PTCE) of 54...
November 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147682/synthesis-and-application-of-injectable-bioorthogonal-dendrimer-hydrogels-for-local-drug-delivery
#6
Leyuan Xu, Remy C Cooper, Juan Wang, W Andrew Yeudall, Hu Yang
We developed novel dendrimer hydrogels (DH)s on the basis of bioorthogonal chemistry, in which polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimer generation 4.0 (G4) functionalized with strained alkyne dibenzocyclooctyne (DBCO) via PEG spacer (Mn = 2,000 g/mol) underwent strain-promoted azide-alkyne cycloaddition (SPAAC) with polyethylene glycol bisazide (PEG-BA) (Mn= 20,000 g/mol) to generate a dendrimer-PEG cross-linked network. This platform offers a high degree of functionality and modularity. A wide range of structural parameters including dendrimer generation, degree of PEGylation, loading density of clickable DBCO groups, PEG-BA chain length as well as the ratio of clickable dendrimer to PEG-BA and their concentrations can be readily manipulated to tune chemical and physical properties of DHs...
August 14, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146243/current-progress-and-challenges-of-nanoparticle-based-therapeutics-in-pain-management
#7
REVIEW
Vanesa Andreu, Manuel Arruebo
Pain is a widespread and growing health problem worldwide that exerts a considerable social and economic impact on both patients and healthcare systems and, therefore, on society in general. Although current treatment modalities include a wide variety of pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches, due to the complexity of pain and individual differences in clinical response these options are not always effective in mitigating and relieving pain. In addition, some pain drugs such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), local anesthetics and opioids show several unfavorable side effects...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144759/degree-of-unsaturation-and-backbone-orientation-of-amphiphilic-macromolecules-influence-local-lipid-properties-in-large-unilamellar-vesicles
#8
Kathryn E Uhrich, Alysha Moretti, Bin Zhang, Bernice Lee, Meenakshi Dutt
Liposomes have become increasingly common in the delivery of bioactive agents due to their ability to encapsulate hydrophobic and hydrophilic drugs with excellent biocompatibility. While commercial liposome formulations improve bioavailability of otherwise quickly eliminated or insoluble drugs, tailoring formulation properties for specific uses has become a focus of liposome research. Here, we report the design, synthesis, and characterization of two series of amphiphilic macromolecules (AMs), consisting of acylated polyol backbones conjugated to poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) that can serve as the sole additives to stabilize and control hydrophilic molecule release rates from distearoyl-phosphatidylcholine- (DSPC-) based liposomes...
November 16, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143673/the-heptestcontest-a-global-innovation-contest-to-identify-approaches-to-hepatitis-b-and-c-testing
#9
Joseph D Tucker, Kathrine Meyers, John Best, Karyn Kaplan, Razia Pendse, Kevin A Fenton, Isabelle Andrieux-Meyer, Carmen Figueroa, Pedro Goicochea, Charles Gore, Azumi Ishizaki, Giten Khwairakpam, Veronica Miller, Antons Mozalevskis, Michael Ninburg, Ponsiano Ocama, Rosanna Peeling, Nick Walsh, Massimo G Colombo, Philippa Easterbrook
BACKGROUND: Innovation contests are a novel approach to elicit good ideas and innovative practices in various areas of public health. There remains limited published literature on approaches to deliver hepatitis testing. The purpose of this innovation contest was to identify examples of different hepatitis B and C approaches to support countries in their scale-up of hepatitis testing and to supplement development of formal recommendations on service delivery in the 2017 World Health Organization hepatitis B and C testing guidelines...
November 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142346/conjugation-of-antibodies-with-radiogold-nanoparticles-as-an-effector-targeting-agents-in-radiobioconjugate-cancer-therapy-optimized-labeling-and-biodistribution-results
#10
Pankaj Garg, Daya Kishore Hazra
Purpose of the Study: Drug accessibility to the tumor cells is an important area of concern with an anticipation of increasing the efficacy of the drug to be delivered to a specific site. The biogenesis of gold nanoparticles using plant-mediated phytochemical extracts and their possible linkage to cancer antibodies with an aim at delivering the conjugate specifically to the tumor-associated antigen is the basic objective of the research. Materials and Methodology: Radiolabeling of antibodies with gold nanoparticles was carried out by a protocol, and the labeling extent of antibodies was compared with that of a radiogold solution to ordinary particulate size (AuNO-Ab)...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141535/sln-and-nlc-encapsulating-antifungal-agents-skin-drug-delivery-and-their-unexplored-potential-for-treating-onychomycosis
#11
Tais Gratieri, Anna Paula Krawczyk-Santos, Priscila Bianca Rodrigues da Rocha, Marcilio Cunha-Filho, Guilherme Martins Gelfuso, Ricardo Neves Marreto, Stephania Fleury Taveira
BACKGROUND: Lipid nanoparticles have been extensively studied for drug delivery of antifungal drugs, especially for dermatophytosis treatments. They can accumulate in skin appendages and release drugs in a controlled manner and also increase skin moisture, due to the formation of an occlusive film. Since moisture heavily influences nail and skin permeability, these systems seem to pose great potential for antifungal drug delivery. METHODS: We therefore compare skin and nail physiopathological structure and discuss the potential use of lipid nanoparticles in managing skin and nail mycoses, highlighting their unexplored use in onychomycosis...
November 14, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141405/injectable-thermo-sensitive-polypeptide-based-cddp-complexed-hydrogel-for-improving-localized-antitumor-efficacy
#12
Shuangjiang Yu, Dianliang Zhang, Chaoliang He, Wujin Sun, Rangjuan Cao, Shusen Cui, Mingxiao Deng, Zhen Gu, Xuesi Chen
In this study, a type of novel thermo-sensitive polypeptide-based hydrogel with tunable gelation behavior through changing the content of carboxyl groups was developed for the purpose of improving the cisplatin (CDDP) release behavior and enhancing the localized antitumor efficiency. The introduction of carboxyl groups in methoxy-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-(poly(γ-ethyl-L-glutamate-co-L-glutamic acid) (mPEG-b-P(ELG-co-LG)) not only led to adjustable mechanical properties of the hydrogel, but also significantly reduced the burst release of the drug through the complexation between the carboxyl groups of polypeptide and CDDP...
November 15, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139188/biomimic-peptide-gated-nanoporous-membrane-for-on-demand-molecule-transport
#13
Kai Xiao, Kai Wu, Lu Chen, Xiang-Yu Kong, Yuqi Zhang, Liping Wen, Lei Jiang
The controllable molecule transport is crucial to realize many highly valuable applications both in vivo and in vitro. Nanoporous membrane, with nanoscopic pores, high porosity, uniform pore dimension, and controllable surface chemical properties, hold tremendous potential to achieve this function. Here, we report a nano-gating system for on-demand molecule transport based on peptide-gated nanoporous membrane. Acting as gatekeeper, the peptides introduced to the nanoporous membrane provide an opportunity to realize on-demand on-off-states transport profiles via reversible conformational switch of peptides...
November 15, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139187/pharmacokinetics-and-safety-of-paclitaxel-delivery-into-porcine-airway-walls-by-a-new-endobronchial-drug-delivery-catheter
#14
Hisashi Tsukada, Plamena Entcheva-Dimitrov, Armin Ernst, Samaan Rafeq, John H Keating, Kirk P Seward, Lonny Yarmus
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Intratumoral administration of chemotherapeutic agents is a treatment modality that has proven efficacious in reducing the recurrence of tumours and increases specificity of treatment while minimizing systemic side effects. Direct intratumoral injection of malignant airway obstruction has potential therapeutic benefits but tissue drug concentrations and side-effect profiles are poorly understood. METHODS: Bronchial wall injection of generic paclitaxel (PTX) (102 injections of 0...
November 14, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138489/a-dual-channel-endoscope-for-quantitative-imaging-monitoring-and-triggering-of-doxorubicin-release-from-liposomes-in-living-mice
#15
Jeremy Kress, Daniel J Rohrbach, Kevin A Carter, Dandan Luo, Chien Poon, Semra Aygun-Sunar, Shuai Shao, Shashikant Lele, Jonathan F Lovell, Ulas Sunar
Doxorubicin (Dox) is approved for use in liposomal form for the treatment of ovarian cancer. We previously developed a long-circulating Dox formulation in liposomes containing small amounts of porphyrin-phospholipid, which enables on-demand drug release with near-infrared irradiation. In this study, we present and evaluate a dual-modal, dual-channel light endoscope that allows quantitative reflectance and fluorescence imaging for monitoring of local Dox concentrations in target areas. The endoscope consists of two flexible imaging fibers; one to transmit diagnostic and therapeutic light to the target, and the other to detect fluorescent and reflected light...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138401/imaging-the-transient-heat-generation-of-individual-nanostructures-with-a-mechanoresponsive-polymer
#16
Xueqin Chen, Qing Xia, Yue Cao, Qianhao Min, Jianrong Zhang, Zixuan Chen, Hong-Yuan Chen, Jun-Jie Zhu
Measuring the localized transient heat generation is critical for developing applications of nanomaterials in areas of photothermal therapy (PTT), drug delivery, optomechanics and biological processes engineering. However, accurate thermometry with high spatiotemporal resolution is still a challenge. Here we develop a thermosensitive polymer-capped gold nanorod (AuNRs@pNIPAAm), which has temperature-dependent local surface plasmon resonance spectra due to the submolecular conformational change of pNIPAAm molecules...
November 14, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137378/trastuzumab-distribution-in-an-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-model-of-brain-metastases-of-breast-cancer
#17
Tori B Terrell-Hall, Mohamed Ismail Nounou, Fatema El-Amrawy, Jessica I G Griffith, Paul R Lockman
Background: Drug and antibody delivery to brain metastases has been highly debated in the literature. The blood-tumor barrier (BTB) is more permeable than the blood-brain barrier (BBB), and has shown to have highly functioning efflux transporters and barrier properties, which limits delivery of targeted therapies. Methods: We characterized the permeability of (125)I-trastuzumab in an in-vivo, and fluorescent trastuzumab-Rhodamine123 (t-Rho123) in a novel microfluidic in-vitro, BBB and BTB brain metastases of breast cancer model...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135345/localized-drug-release-and-effective-chemotherapy-by-hyperthermia-governed-bubble-generating-hybrid-nanocapsule-system
#18
Ke Kang, Jin Ma, Qiangying Yi, Zhongwei Gu
AIM: To build up a remote triggering drug delivery system with hyperthermia-responsive ammonium bicarbonate salt and investigate its effects on tumor therapy. MATERIALS & METHODS: This hybrid nanocapsule system was prepared by a different strategy, doxorubicin (DOX) was encapsulated in the heparin shell first and then ammonium bicarbonate was diffused into the nanocapsules to generate DOX-bicarbonate salt, its characterizations and effects on tumor therapy were investigated...
November 14, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134553/biological-characterization-of-a-novel-hybrid-copolymer-carrier-system-based-on-glycogen
#19
Markéta Jirátová, Aneta Pospíšilová, Maria Rabyk, Martin Pařízek, Jan Kovář, Andrea Gálisová, Martin Hrubý, Daniel Jirák
The effective drug delivery systems for cancer treatment are currently on high demand. In this paper, biological behavior of the novel hybrid copolymers based on polysaccharide glycogen were characterized. The copolymers were modified by fluorescent dyes for flow cytometry, confocal microscopy, and in vivo fluorescence imaging. Moreover, the effect of oxazoline grafts on degradation rate was examined. Intracellular localization, cytotoxicity, and internalization route of the modified copolymers were examined on HepG2 cell line...
November 13, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131563/sustained-codelivery-of-cisplatin-and-paclitaxel-via-an-injectable-prodrug-hydrogel-for-ovarian-cancer-treatment
#20
Wenjia Shen, Xiaobin Chen, Jiabin Luan, Danni Wang, Lin Yu, Jiandong Ding
The sustained release of both the hydrophilic drug and hydrophobic drug from one delivery system remains challenging in pharmaceutics and biomaterials science. The combination of hydrophilic cisplatin and hydrophobic paclitaxel (PTX) exhibits a clinical survival advantage compared with the individual drug therapy against various tumors such as ovarian cancer. In this study, a localized, long-term codelivery system of cisplatin and PTX was developed using an injectable and thermosensitive polymer-platinum(IV) conjugate hydrogel as the carrier...
November 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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