keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

child mortality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675086/rare-presentation-of-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-in-a-child
#1
Amar Taksande, Rewat Meshram, Purnima Yadav, Amol Lohakare
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a critical condition with significant morbidity and mortality. It primarily affects the young and healthy. CVST presents a diagnostic challenge due to its varied presentation patterns. We report the case of a 11-year-old boy diagnosed with CVST after presenting with a long history of continuous headache. He improved following anticoagulation therapy. Despite thorough investigation, no discernible underlying cause could be identified.
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675071/pediatric-head-injury-a-study-of-403-cases-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-a-developing-country
#2
Abrar Ahad Wani, Arif Hussain Sarmast, Muzaffar Ahangar, Nayil Khursheed Malik, Sarabjit Singh Chhibber, Sajad Hussain Arif, Altaf Umar Ramzan, Bashir Ahmed Dar, Zulfiqar Ali
Introduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Falls are the most common type of injury, followed by motor vehicle-related accidents and child abuse. Aims and Objectives: The aim and objective of this study was to elucidate the various modes of injury, prognostic factors, complications, incidence of various modes of injury, and outcome in TBI in pediatric population. Materials and Methods: Patients with TBI, 18 years or less in age, managed in our Department of Neurosurgery, over a period of 2 years, were studied prospectively...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672825/estimating-success-of-vaginal-birth-after-caesarean-section-in-a-regional-australian-population-validation-of-a-prediction-model
#3
Samantha S Mooney, Richard Hiscock, Inkeri D'Arcy Clarke, Simon Craig
BACKGROUND: Following a primary caesarean section (CS), women must decide between attempted vaginal birth after caesarean (VBAC) and elective repeat caesarean section (ERCS) in subsequent pregnancies. Both options carry potential morbidity and mortality for mother and child, with the most feared being uterine rupture and its consequences. In attempts to reduce morbidity, several predictive nomograms have been developed to assist in delivery mode decisions. AIM: To assess the validity of the predictive nomogram developed by Grobman et al...
April 19, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671620/intergenerational-transmissions-of-mother-child-loneliness-a-moderated-mediation-model-of-familial-social-support-and-conflict-avoidance
#4
Timothy Curran
Loneliness is a psychological health issue related to deleterious physical health outcomes such as mortality and chronic disease. The aim of this research was to examine intergenerational transmissions of loneliness from mothers to adult child via a moderated mediation model of perceived familial social support and conflict avoidance. Surveys were collected from 146 (N = 292) mother-child dyads on self-reports of loneliness, familial social support, and mother-child conflict avoidance. The results showed that child perceptions of familial social support mediated the relationship between mother-child loneliness...
April 19, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670387/systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-and-model-for-end-stage-liver-disease-score-accurately-predict-the-in-hospital-mortality-of-black-african-patients-with-decompensated-cirrhosis-at-initial-hospitalization-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Alassan Kouamé Mahassadi, Justine Laure Konang Nguieguia, Henriette Ya Kissi, Anthony Afum-Adjei Awuah, Aboubacar Demba Bangoura, Stanislas Adjeka Doffou, Alain Koffi Attia
Background: Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) predict short-term mortality in patients with cirrhosis. Prediction of mortality at initial hospitalization is unknown in black African patients with decompensated cirrhosis. Aim: This study aimed to look at the role of MELD score and SIRS as the predictors of morbidity and mortality at initial hospitalization. Patients and methods: In this retrospective cohort study, we enrolled 159 patients with cirrhosis (median age: 49 years, 70...
2018: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669039/effects-of-water-sanitation-handwashing-and-nutritional-interventions-on-child-enteric-protozoan-infections-in-rural-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Audrie Lin, Ayse Ercumen, Jade Benjamin-Chung, Benjamin F Arnold, Shimul Das, Rashidul Haque, Sania Ashraf, Sarker M Parvez, Leanne Unicomb, Mahbubur Rahman, Alan E Hubbard, Christine P Stewart, John M Colford, Stephen P Luby
Background: Enteric protozoan infections are associated with morbidity and mortality worldwide. We evaluated effects of individual and combined water, sanitation, handwashing (WSH), and nutritional interventions on protozoan infections in children. Methods: We randomized geographical clusters of pregnant women in rural Bangladesh into chlorinated drinking water, hygienic sanitation, handwashing, nutrition, combined WSH, combined nutrition plus WSH (N+WSH), or control arms...
April 13, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667336/optimal-breastfeeding-durations-for-hiv-exposed-infants-the-impact-of-maternal-art-use-infant-mortality-and-replacement-feeding-risk
#7
Divya Mallampati, Rachel L MacLean, Roger Shapiro, Francois Dabis, Barbara Engelsmann, Kenneth A Freedberg, Valeriane Leroy, Shahin Lockman, Rochelle Walensky, Nigel Rollins, Andrea Ciaranello
INTRODUCTION: In 2010, the WHO recommended women living with HIV breastfeed for 12 months while taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) to balance breastfeeding benefits against HIV transmission risks. To inform the 2016 WHO guidelines, we updated prior research on the impact of breastfeeding duration on HIV-free infant survival (HFS) by incorporating maternal ART duration, infant/child mortality and mother-to-child transmission data. METHODS: Using the Cost-Effectiveness of Preventing AIDS Complications (CEPAC)-Infant model, we simulated the impact of breastfeeding duration on 24-month HFS among HIV-exposed, uninfected infants...
April 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666654/determinants-of-antenatal-healthcare-utilisation-by-pregnant-women-in-third-trimester-in-peri-urban-ghana
#8
Jones Asafo Akowuah, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Dadson Awunyo-Vitor
Access to quality healthcare still remains a major challenge in the efforts at reversing maternal morbidity and mortality. Despite the availability of established maternal health interventions, the health of the expectant mother and the unborn child remains poor due to low utilisation of interventions. The study examined the socioeconomic determinants of antenatal care utilisation in peri-urban Ghana using pregnant women who are in their third trimester. Two-stage sampling technique was used to sample 200 pregnant women who were in their third trimester from the District Health Information Management System software...
2018: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664972/the-impact-of-social-and-psychological-consequences-of-disease-on-judgments-of-disease-severity-an-experimental-study
#9
Nicholas B King, Sam Harper, Meredith Young, Sarah C Berry, Kristin Voigt
BACKGROUND: The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project systematically assesses mortality, healthy life expectancy, and disability across 195 countries and territories, using the disability-adjusted life year (DALY). Disability weights in the DALY are based upon surveys that ask users to rate health states based on lay descriptions. We conducted an experimental study to examine whether the inclusion or removal of psychological, social, or familial implications from a health state description might affect individual judgments about disease severity, and thus relative disability weights...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663657/a-comparison-of-minimum-dietary-diversity-in-bangladesh-in-2011-and-2014
#10
Sarah Blackstone, Tina Sanghvi
Improving infant and young child feeding practices is critical for improving growth and reducing child mortality and morbidity. This paper aims to compare predictors of minimum dietary diversity, an important indicator of adequate complementary feeding practices, in Bangladesh in 2011 and 2014. The 2011 and 2014 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey were used to examine predictors of minimum dietary diversity among 6-23 months. An additional analysis was conducted for the 18-23-month group, because a significant increase in meeting minimum dietary diversity recommendations was seen in this age group only...
April 16, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663511/extra-hepatic-cancers-are-the-leading-cause-of-death-in-cirrhotic-patients-achieving-hbv-control-or-hcv-eradication
#11
Manon Allaire, Pierre Nahon, Richard Layese, Valérie Bourcier, Carole Cagnot, Patrick Marcellin, Dominique Guyader, Stanislas Pol, Dominique Larrey, Victor De Lédinghen, Denis Ouzan, Fabien Zoulim, Dominique Roulot, Albert Tran, Jean-Pierre Bronowicki, Jean-Pierre Zarski, Ghassan Riachi, Paul Calès, Jean-Marie Péron, Laurent Alric, Marc Bourlière, Philippe Mathurin, Jean-Frédéric Blanc, Armand Abergel, Lawrence Serfaty, Ariane Mallat, Jean-Didier Grangé, Pierre Attali, Yannick Bacq, Claire Wartelle, Thông Dao, Dominique Thabut, Christophe Pilette, Christine Silvain, Christos Christidis, Eric Nguyen-Khac, Brigitte Bernard-Chabert, David Zucman, Vincent Di Martino, Angela Sutton, Eric Letouzé, Etienne Audureau, Françoise Roudot-Thoraval
BACKGROUND: Data on extrahepatic cancers (EHC) in compensated viral cirrhosis are limited. The objective of the prospective multicenter ANRS CO12 CirVir cohort was to assess the occurrence of all clinical events in patients with compensated viral cirrhosis, including all types of cancer. METHODS: Patients with the following inclusion criteria were enrolled in 35 French centers: a) biopsy-proven HBV or HCV cirrhosis; b) Child-Pugh A; c) absence of previous liver complications including primary liver cancer (PLC)...
April 16, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663452/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-health-facilities-of-tigray-northern-ethiopia
#12
Selam Niguse, Haftamu Hailekiros, Gerezgiher Buruh, Tadese Dejene, Nega Berhe, Tsehaye Asmelash
Existing literatures from developing countries show an increased mortality and morbidity related to hepatitis E virus during pregnancy as compared to the general population. Studies focusing on pregnant women are required for policy makers to improve maternal and child health. Therefore this study is aimed at determining the prevalence and associated risk factors of hepatitis E virus infection among pregnant women attending the health facilities of Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia. In this cross sectional study 846 pregnant women were included consecutively from April 2014 to February 2016...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662728/breastfeeding-and-weaning-practices-in-urban-slums-of-southern-punjab-pakistan
#13
Khalil Ahmed, Muhammad Talha, Zainab Khalid, Mehvish Khurshid, Rizwan Ishtiaq
Objective Proper breastfeeding and weaning practices are effective ways of reducing childhood morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to find out breastfeeding and weaning practices among infants of six months to one year in urban slums of Bahawalpur city. By evaluating the knowledge and attitude of lactating mothers regarding their child feeding habits, modifications and specific interventions can be implemented to improve the breastfeeding and weaning practices of the area. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in the Shahdrah slums of Bahawalpur City after getting approval from the institutional review board of Quaid-e-Azam Medical College, Bahawalpur...
February 13, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662695/impact-of-a-health-system-strengthening-intervention-on-maternal-and-child-health-outputs-and-outcomes-in-rural-rwanda-2005-2010
#14
Dana R Thomson, Cheryl Amoroso, Sidney Atwood, Matthew H Bonds, Felix Cyamatare Rwabukwisi, Peter Drobac, Karen E Finnegan, Didi Bertrand Farmer, Paul E Farmer, Antoinette Habinshuti, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Anatole Manzi, Peter Niyigena, Michael L Rich, Sara Stulac, Megan B Murray, Agnes Binagwaho
Introduction: Although Rwanda's health system underwent major reforms and improvements after the 1994 Genocide, the health system and population health in the southeast lagged behind other areas. In 2005, Partners In Health and the Rwandan Ministry of Health began a health system strengthening intervention in this region. We evaluate potential impacts of the intervention on maternal and child health indicators. Methods: Combining results from the 2005 and 2010 Demographic and Health Surveys with those from a supplemental 2010 survey, we compared changes in health system output indicators and population health outcomes between 2005 and 2010 as reported by women living in the intervention area with those reported by the pooled population of women from all other rural areas of the country, controlling for potential confounding by economic and demographic variables...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662688/distribution-and-determinants-of-pneumonia-diagnosis-using-integrated-management-of-childhood-illness-guidelines-a-nationally-representative-study-in-malawi
#15
Omolara T Uwemedimo, Todd P Lewis, Elsie A Essien, Grace J Chan, Humphreys Nsona, Margaret E Kruk, Hannah H Leslie
Background: Pneumonia remains the leading cause of child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. The Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) strategy was developed to standardise care in low-income and middle-income countries for major childhood illnesses and can effectively improve healthcare worker performance. Suboptimal clinical evaluation can result in missed diagnoses and excess morbidity and mortality. We estimate the sensitivity of pneumonia diagnosis and investigate its determinants among children in Malawi...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661584/strategies-for-increasing-uptake-of-vaccination-in-pregnancy-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Kate Alexandra Bisset, Pauline Paterson
INTRODUCTION: Vaccination in pregnancy is an effective method to protect against disease for the pregnant woman, foetus and new born infant. In England, it is recommended that pregnant women are vaccinated against pertussis and influenza. Improvement in the uptake of both pertussis and influenza vaccination among pregnant women is needed to prevent morbidity and mortality for both the pregnant women and unborn child. AIM: To identify effective strategies in increasing the uptake of vaccination in pregnancy in high-income countries and to make recommendations for England...
April 13, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661178/mobile-health-tool-to-improve-maternal-and-neonatal-health-care-in-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Ruoyan Gai Tobe, Syed Emdadul Haque, Kiyoko Ikegami, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: In Bangladesh, the targets on reduction of maternal mortality and utilization of related obstetric services provided by skilled health personnel in Millennium Development Goals 5 remains unmet, and the progress in reduction of neonatal mortality lag behind that in the reduction of infant and under-five mortalities, remaining as an essential issue towards the achievement of maternal and neonatal health targets in health related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). As access to appropriate perinatal care is crucial to reduce maternal and neonatal deaths, recently several mobile platform-based health programs sponsored by donor countries and Non-Governmental Organizations have targeted to reduce maternal and child mortality...
April 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659382/tenofovir-versus-entecavir-for-the-treatment-of-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-due-to-reactivation-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-with-genotypes-b-and-c
#18
Yue-Meng Wan, Yu-Hua Li, Zhi-Yuan Xu, Hua-Mei Wu, Ying Xu, Xi-Nan Wu, Jin-Hui Yang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) can be triggered by reactivation of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and entecavir (ETV) are now the most potent antiviral agents for CHB. This study aimed to compare the short-term safety and efficacy of TDF with ETV in the treatment of ACLF due to reactivation of CHB [hepatitis B virus (HBV)-ACLF]. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 67 consecutive patients with HBV-ACLF were divided into TDF group (n=32) receiving daily TDF (300 mg/d) and ETV group (n=35) receiving daily ETV (0...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658374/hypercalcemic-crisis-in-third-trimenon-evaluating-the-optimal-treatment-strategy
#19
Julie Refardt, Patricia Farina, Irene Hoesli, Christian Meier
Hypercalcemia due to primary hyperparathyroidism during pregnancy is a rare condition and associated with increased morbidity and mortality for the mother and the unborn child. Whereas parathyroidectomy is favored during the second trimester, no clear recommendations exist for its management during the third trimenon. We here report the case of a 26-year-old woman in the 29th week of her first pregnancy, who was admitted to our clinic with hypertension, intra-uterine growth retardation and polyhydramnios. Severe hypercalcemia due to primary hyperparathyroidism was diagnosed (total calcium 3...
April 16, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657778/adopted-daughters-and-adopted-daughters-in-law-in-taiwan-a-mortality-analysis
#20
Siobhán M Mattison, Edmond Seabright, Adam Z Reynolds, Jingzhe Bill Cao, Melissa J Brown, Marcus W Feldman
Adoption is sometimes considered paradoxical from an evolutionary perspective because the costs spent supporting an adopted child would be better spent on rearing one's own. Kin selection theory is commonly used to solve this paradox, because the adoption of closely related kin contributes to the inclusive fitness of the adoptive parent. In this paper, we perform a novel test of kin selection theory in the context of adoption by asking whether adopted daughters-in-law, who contribute directly (i.e. genealogically) to the perpetuation of their adoptive families' lineages, experience lower mortality than daughters adopted for other purposes in historical Taiwan...
March 2018: Royal Society Open Science
keyword
keyword
42343
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"