keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

coronis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140636/trends-and-patterns-in-unintentional-injury-fatalities-in-australian-agriculture
#1
Tony Lower, Margaret Rolfe, Noeline Monaghan
Agriculture is recognized internationally as a hazardous industry. This article describes the trends and patterns of unintentional farm fatalities in Australia. Data from the National Coronial Information System were analyzed to assess all unintentional farm fatalities for the 2001-2015 period. A secondary comparison with earlier coronial system data from 1989-1992 was also completed to ascertain historical changes. There was no statistically significant change in the rate of work-related fatalities per 100,000 workers in the 2001-2015 period...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131309/deaths-from-resident-to-resident-aggression-in-australian-nursing-homes
#2
Briony Murphy, Lyndal Bugeja, Jennifer Pilgrim, Joseph E Ibrahim
OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and nature of deaths from resident-to-resident aggression (RRA) in nursing homes in Australia. DESIGN: National population-based retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Accredited nursing homes in Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Residents whose deaths resulted from RRA and were reported to the coroner between July 1, 2000, and December 31, 2013. MEASUREMENTS: Cases were identified using the National Coronial Information System, and data on individual, interpersonal, organizational, and societal factors were collected through review of the paper-based coroners' files...
November 13, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939660/frequency-and-nature-of-coroners-recommendations-from-injury-related-deaths-among-nursing-home-residents-a-retrospective-national-cross-sectional-study
#3
Lyndal Bugeja, Marta H Woolford, Melissa Willoughby, David Ranson, Joseph E Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Coroners are tasked with the investigation of unnatural and unexpected deaths. In Australia, the coroner's role also includes making recommendations for promoting interventions to improve public safety. However, the coroners' role in public health and safety in the aged care setting is an underexplored area of research. OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and nature of coroners' recommendations for prevention of harm from injury-related deaths among nursing home residents in Australia...
September 22, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899316/road-safety-serious-injuries-remain-a-major-unsolved-problem
#4
Ben Beck, Peter A Cameron, Mark C Fitzgerald, Rodney T Judson, Warwick Teague, Ronan A Lyons, Belinda J Gabbe
OBJECTIVE: To investigate temporal trends in the incidence, mortality, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), and costs of health loss caused by serious road traffic injury. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective review of data from the population-based Victorian State Trauma Registry and the National Coronial Information System on road traffic-related deaths (pre- and in-hospital) and major trauma (Injury Severity Score > 12) during 2007-2015.Main outcomes and measures: Temporal trends in the incidence of road traffic-related major trauma, mortality, DALYs, and costs of health loss, by road user type...
September 18, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887789/deaths-from-opioid-overdosing-implications-of-coroners-inquest-reports-2008-2012-and-annual-rise-in-opioid-prescription-rates-a-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Elspeth E Shipton, Ashleigh J Shipton, Jonathan A Williman, Edward A Shipton
INTRODUCTION: In the late 1990s multiple physicians and advocacy organizations promoted increased use of opioids for the treatment of acute, chronic and cancer pain. There has been an exponential growth in opioid prescribing in the last 20 years in the United States of America, in Australia, and in other developed Western countries. There are negative consequences associated with the liberal use of opioids. The primary aim of this population-based cohort study is to investigate the opioid-related death rate in New Zealand between 1 January 2008 and 31 December 2012...
December 2017: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807701/late-life-suicide-in-terminal-cancer-a-rational-act-or-under-diagnosed-depression
#6
Gary Cheung, Gwendolyn Douwes, Frederick Sundram
CONTEXT: Previous studies have reported significantly elevated standardised mortality rates in older people with cancer. Terminally ill people represent a unique group where suicide may be considered as rational. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study are to (i) compare the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of older people with and without terminal cancer who died by suicide, and (ii) analyze the suicide motives of those with terminal cancer to determine whether they represent rational suicide...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764673/exploring-coronial-determination-of-intent-for-poisoning-related-deaths-in-australia-2001-2013
#7
Kate Churruca, Rebecca Mitchell
BACKGROUND: In countries like the United States and the United Kingdom, systematic variation in the classification of intent in pharmaceutical poisoning deaths have been identified between jurisdictions. This study aimed to explore whether the coronial determination of intent (unintentional, intentional, undetermined) for pharmaceutical-related poisoning deaths may have affected death rates over time and by jurisdiction in Australia. METHODS: A retrospective examination of mortality records in the National Coronial Information System (NCIS) during 1 January 2001 to 31 December 2013 was conducted...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764620/the-australian-snakebite-project-2005-2015-asp-20
#8
MULTICENTER STUDY
Christopher I Johnston, Nicole M Ryan, Colin B Page, Nicholas A Buckley, Simon Ga Brown, Margaret A O'Leary, Geoffrey K Isbister
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology, treatment and adverse events after snakebite in Australia. DESIGN: Prospective, multicentre study of data on patients with snakebites recruited to the Australian Snakebite Project (2005-2015) and data from the National Coronial Information System. Setting, participants: Patients presenting to Australian hospitals with suspected or confirmed snakebites from July 2005 to June 2015 and consenting to participation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Demographic data, circumstances of bites, clinical effects of envenoming, results of laboratory investigations and snake venom detection kit (SVDK) testing, antivenom treatment and adverse reactions, time to discharge, deaths...
August 7, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712158/towards-a-harmonised-approach-to-reducing-quad-related-fatal-injuries-in-australia-and-new-zealand-a-cross-sectional-comparative-analysis
#9
Rebbecca Lilley, Tony Lower, Gabrielle Davie
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the patterns of quad-related fatal injuries between Australia and New Zealand (NZ). METHOD: Fatal injuries from July 2007 to June 2012 involving a quad (quad bike or all-terrain vehicle) were identified from coronial files. Data described the socio-demographic, injury, vehicle and environment factors associated with incidents. Injury patterns were compared between countries. RESULTS: A total of 101 quad-related fatalities were identified: 69 in Australia and 32 in NZ (7...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669277/department-of-health-consultation-on-medical-examiners-and-death-certification-reforms-a-commentary-on-the-criteria-for-notification-to-be-laid-down-in-regulation
#10
Andrew Harris
The Department of Health has completed its consultation on the nature of the new medical examiner system and supporting regulations. This article considers whether the regulations for death notification to coroners are fit for purpose in the light of the medical literature on unnatural deaths and the experience of a coroner in a jurisdiction with a heavy workload from specialist hospital referrals. It concludes that they are to be welcomed, but that they should not rely on natural/unnatural death as a criterion for notification of deaths during the course of medical treatment, or refer to 'neglect'...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669276/-natural-and-unnatural-medical-deaths-and-coronial-law-a-uk-and-international-review-of-the-medical-literature-on-natural-and-unnatural-death-and-how-it-applies-to-medical-death-certification-and-reporting-deaths-to-coroners-natural-unnatural-death-a-scientific
#11
Andrew Harris
In the United Kingdom, when people die, either a doctor writes an acceptable natural cause of death medical certificate, or a coroner (fiscal in Scotland) investigates the case, usually with an autopsy. An inquest may or may not follow. The concept of 'natural or unnatural cause' death is not internationally standardized. This article reviews scientific evidence as to what is a natural death or unnatural death and how that relates to the international classification of deaths. Whilst there is some consensus on the definition, its application in considering whether to report to the coroner is more difficult...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651511/outcomes-of-children-admitted-to-intensive-care-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-victoria-australia
#12
Anri Forrest, Warwick W Butt, Siva P Namachivayam
OBJECTIVES: Paediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is an uncommon event but is associated with high mortality and severe neurological sequelae among survivors. Most studies of paediatric OHCA are population-based, with very few reports on the cohort admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). We sought to determine outcomes and predictors of neurologically intact survival in these children admitted to the PICU. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective analysis of data prospectively collected from the PICU and emergency department (ED) databases and cross-checked with medical records and coronial reports for January 2005 to December 2014...
June 2017: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645945/how-can-we-ensure-that-the-coroner-s-autopsy-is-not-an-invasion-of-human-rights
#13
Stephen Leadbeatter, Ryk James
BACKGROUND: Despite public inquiries, and some changes to legislation following high-profile multiple homicides that were not detected by autopsy, coroners continue to rely largely on the autopsy. Regardless of the extent of quality failings and excess deaths at some hospitals, not detected through the coroner system, the autopsy is scarcely used by hospitals to monitor standards and educate. OBJECTIVE: To explore when a compulsory medicolegal autopsy should, and should not, be used...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629352/male-suicide-among-construction-workers-in-australia-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-major-stressors-precipitating-death
#14
Allison Milner, Humaira Maheen, Dianne Currier, Anthony D LaMontagne
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates among those employed in male-dominated professions such as construction are elevated compared to other occupational groups. Thus far, past research has been mainly quantitative and has been unable to identify the complex range of risk and protective factors that surround these suicides. METHODS: We used a national coronial database to qualitatively study work and non-work related influences on male suicide occurring in construction workers in Australia...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603836/rates-characteristics-and-circumstances-of-methamphetamine-related-death-in-australia-a-national-7-year-study
#15
Shane Darke, Sharlene Kaye, Johan Duflou
AIMS: To (1) assess trends in the number and mortality rates of methamphetamine-related death in Australia, 2009-15; (2) assess the characteristics and the cause, manner and circumstances of death; and (3) assess the blood methamphetamine concentrations and the presence of other drugs in methamphetamine-related death. DESIGN: Analysis of cases of methamphetamine-related death retrieved from the National Coronial Information System (NCIS). SETTING: Australia...
June 11, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566062/premature-deaths-of-nursing-home-residents-an-epidemiological-analysis
#16
Joseph E Ibrahim, Lyndal Bugeja, Melissa Willoughby, Marde Bevan, Chebiwot Kipsaina, Carmel Young, Tony Pham, David L Ranson
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a descriptive epidemiological analysis of external cause deaths (premature, usually injury-related, and potentially preventable) of nursing home residents in Australia. DESIGN: Retrospective study of a cohort of nursing home residents, using coronial data routinely recorded by the National Coronial Information System. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Residents of accredited Australian nursing homes, whose deaths were reported to coroners between 1 July 2000 and 30 June 2013, and determined to have resulted from external causes...
June 5, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532257/suicide-and-sensibility
#17
Colin Tatz
Suicide is a domain of darkness. Entrenched in the biomedical world, suicide is commonly addressed as a complication of mental illness-usually depression-regardless of historic and social contexts, factors critical in Australian Aboriginal suicide. Prevention programs disappoint, partly because they don't differentiate between suicide categories in their strategies. Furthermore, statistics are unreliable, and underreporting remains idiosyncratic despite improved coronial practices. Unhelpfully, coroners may not presume suicide...
May 22, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493403/suicide-prevention-in-mental-health-services-a-qualitative-analysis-of-coroners-reports
#18
Jenni Manuel, Marie Crowe, Maree Inder, Mark Henaghan
Suicide is a major concern for mental health nurses because of its clear correlation with mental illness. In New Zealand, coroners investigate all deaths that appear to be a result of suicide, and provide reports to mental health services (MHS). The aim of the present study was to investigate coronial recommendations to MHS in relation to suicide prevention and to examine clinical and family responses to these. The present study was a three-phase design: (i) analysis of coroners' recommendations related to suicide in MHS; (ii) interviews with clinicians for their response to the recommendations; and (iii) interviews with individuals working with families of consumers of MHS for their responses in relation to family-related recommendations...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483756/drowning-fatalities-in-childhood-the-role-of-pre-existing-medical-conditions
#19
Richard C Franklin, John H Pearn, Amy E Peden
OBJECTIVES: This study is an analysis of the contribution of pre-existing medical conditions to unintentional fatal child (0-14 years) drowning and a of critique prevention stratagems, with an exploration of issues of equity in recreation. DESIGN: This study is a total population, cross-sectional audit of all demographic, forensic and on-site situational details surrounding unintentional fatal drowning of children 0-14 years in Australia for the period of 1 July 2002 to 30 June 2012...
October 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410567/farm-suicides-in-new-zealand-2007-2015-a-review-of-coroners-records
#20
Annette L Beautrais
OBJECTIVE: Economic recessions and severe weather events are often associated with increased suicide rates. The Global Dairy Crisis 2015/2016 led to an economic downturn in the New Zealand dairy farming industry and, coupled with droughts in some regions and floods in others, raised fears about increased suicide rates among farmers. However, little was known about suicides in the farming sector. This study reviews characteristics of recent farm-related suicides in New Zealand and assesses the extent to which financial stresses contributed to the deaths...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
42341
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"