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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410567/farm-suicides-in-new-zealand-2007-2015-a-review-of-coroners-records
#1
Annette L Beautrais
OBJECTIVE: Economic recessions and severe weather events are often associated with increased suicide rates. The Global Dairy Crisis 2015/2016 led to an economic downturn in the New Zealand dairy farming industry and, coupled with droughts in some regions and floods in others, raised fears about increased suicide rates among farmers. However, little was known about suicides in the farming sector. This study reviews characteristics of recent farm-related suicides in New Zealand and assesses the extent to which financial stresses contributed to the deaths...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376757/access-to-means-of-suicide-occupation-and-the-risk-of-suicide-a-national-study-over-12%C3%A2-years-of-coronial-data
#2
A Milner, K Witt, H Maheen, A D LaMontagne
BACKGROUND: Availability of lethal means is a significant risk factor for suicide. This study investigated whether occupations with greater access to lethal means had higher suicide rates than those without access, and further, whether this relationship differed for females versus males. METHODS: A retrospective mortality study was conducted across the Australian population over the period 2001 to 2012. Data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, which collects Census information on occupation for the Australian population, and the National Coroners Information System, which records information on suicide deaths, were combined...
April 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349246/suicide-patterns-in-children-and-adolescents-a-review-from-a-pediatric-institution-in-england
#3
Khairul Zainum, Marta C Cohen
Suicide is a catastrophic event to both families and communities yet it is potentially preventable. This study aims to determine incidence and patterns of suicide in children and young adolescents in our region, raise awareness of this entity as a potentially preventable cause of death in this age group, and identify its possible associated risk factors. We retrospectively reviewed suicide cases presenting as sudden unexpected death in children and adolescents that underwent coronial post-mortems at our institution...
March 27, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288937/incidence-of-fatal-snake-bite-in-australia-a-coronial-based-retrospective-study-2000-2016
#4
Ronelle E Welton, Danny Liew, George Braitberg
INTRODUCTION: It has been over 20 years since a national review of recorded deaths from snake envenoming. The present study aimed to provide an updated review of the epidemiology of deaths from snake bites in Australia. METHODS: Deaths were identified from January 2000 to December 2016 from the National Coronial Information System. Cases identified due to snakes were extracted with data on coronial findings, autopsy and police records. RESULTS: Thirty five deaths (2...
March 10, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283877/differences-in-local-and-national-database-recordings-of-deaths-from-suicide
#5
Amy E Austin, Corinna van den Heuvel, Roger W Byard
A search was undertaken at Forensic Science South Australia (FSSA) for all cases of suicide registered in South Australia, Australia, over a 10-year period from January 2003 to December 2012. More recent data was not accessioned as not all contemporary cases may have been completed or formally registered. The data were compared to corresponding numbers on two national registers: the National Coronial Information System (NCIS) and the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). A total of 2105 cases of suicide were registered at FSSA, with a death rate of 13...
March 11, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262281/prehospital-deaths-from-trauma-are-injuries-survivable-and-do-bystanders-help
#6
G J Oliver, D P Walter, A D Redmond
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Deaths from trauma occurring in the prehospital phase of care are typically excluded from analysis in trauma registries. A direct historical comparison with Hussain and Redmond's study on preventable prehospital trauma deaths has shown that, two decades on, the number of potentially preventable deaths remains high. Using updated methodology, we aimed to determine the current nature, injury severity and survivability of traumatic prehospital deaths and to ascertain the presence of bystanders and their role following the point of injury including the frequency of first-aid delivery...
February 27, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238609/epidemiology-of-coronial-deaths-from-pesticide-ingestion-in-australia
#7
Nicholas J Osborne, Rose Cairns, Andrew H Dawson, Kate M Chitty, Nicholas A Buckley
Pesticides in Australia are tightly regulated but it is unknown how this may affect the distribution of misuse and self-harm across Australia, both spatially and within subgroups in the population. We performed an observational study to examine spatial differences in suicide/deliberate poisonings with pesticides in Australia. We examined Coronial inquest cases of self-harm by pesticide ingestion for the years 2001-2013 (n=209). Coronial cases were older, more likely to be male, have lower SES status and live in outer regional areas as opposed to cities when compared to the general population...
February 4, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183742/preventable-injury-deaths-identifying-opportunities-to-improve-timeliness-and-reach-of-emergency-healthcare-services-in-new-zealand
#8
Rebbecca Lilley, Bridget Kool, Gabrielle Davie, Brandon de Graaf, Shanthi N Ameratunga, Pararangi Reid, Ian Civil, Bridget Dicker, Charles C Branas
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury is a leading cause of premature death and health loss in New Zealand. Outcomes following injury are very time sensitive, and timely access of critically injured patients to advanced hospital trauma care services can improve injury survival. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study will investigate the epidemiology and geographic location of prehospital fatal injury deaths in relation to access to prehospital emergency services for the first time in New Zealand...
February 9, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171803/reforming-the-road-freight-transportation-system-using-systems-thinking-an-investigation-of-coronial-inquests-in-australia
#9
Sharon Newnam, Natassia Goode, Paul Salmon, Mark Stevenson
Road freight transport is considered to be one of the most dangerous industries in Australia, accounting for over 30% of all work fatalities. Whilst system reform (i.e., change to policy and practice) is needed, it is not clear what this reform should be, or what approaches should be used to drive it. This article argues that road freight transportation reform should be underpinned by a systems thinking approach. Efforts to understand crash causation should be focused beyond the driver and identify contributing factors at other levels with the road freight system...
February 4, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166461/factors-associated-with-suicide-in-four-age-groups-a-population-based-study
#10
S O'Neill, E Ennis, C Corry, B Bunting
Background; Life events and circumstances leading to death change throughout the life course. Aims; Four age groups within those who have died by suicide are compared in terms method of suicide, sex, occupation, mental disorders, prior suicide attempts and life events prior to death. Methods; Analyses were based on a database of deaths by suicide and undetermined intent based on data in the NI coronial files from 2005-2011 (N = 1667). Results; Hanging is very prominent as a method of death within the under 20 age group...
February 6, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091985/frequency-of-forensic-toxicological-analysis-in-external-cause-deaths-among-nursing-home-residents-an-analysis-of-trends
#11
Georgia Aitken, Briony Murphy, Jennifer Pilgrim, Lyndal Bugeja, David Ranson, Joseph Elias Ibrahim
There is a paucity of research examining the utility of forensic toxicology in the investigation of premature external cause deaths of residents in nursing homes. The aim of this study is to describe the frequency and characteristics of toxicological analysis conducted in external cause (injury-related) deaths amongst nursing home residents in Victoria, Australia. This study was a retrospective cohort study examining external cause deaths among nursing home residents during the period July 1, 2000 to December 31, 2012 in Victoria, Australia, using the National Coronial Information System (NCIS)...
March 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876026/spatial-suicide-clusters-in-australia-between-2010-and-2012-a-comparison-of-cluster-and-non-cluster-among-young-people-and-adults
#12
Jo Robinson, Lay San Too, Jane Pirkis, Matthew J Spittal
BACKGROUND: A suicide cluster has been defined as a group of suicides that occur closer together in time and space than would normally be expected. We aimed to examine the extent to which suicide clusters exist among young people and adults in Australia and to determine whether differences exist between cluster and non-cluster suicides. METHODS: Suicide data were obtained from the National Coronial Information System for the period 2010 and 2012. Data on date of death, postcode, age at the time of death, sex, suicide method, ICD-10 code for cause of death, marital status, employment status, and aboriginality were retrieved...
November 22, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866392/drug-caused-deaths-in-australian-medical-practitioners-and-health-care-professionals
#13
Jennifer L Pilgrim, Rhyse Dorward, Olaf H Drummer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There are numerous factors putting health-care professionals (HCP) at a higher risk of substance abuse and premature death, including high-stress jobs, access to controlled substances, long hours of practice and constant contact with the critically ill. This study aimed to examine fatal drug toxicity in this high-risk cohort, in order to: (1) estimate the rate of drug-caused deaths of Australian HCPs; (2) describe the key characteristics of the cohort; and (3) examine the relationship between HCP occupation and drug type, or intent...
March 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864309/railway-suicide-clusters-how-common-are-they-and-what-predicts-them
#14
Lay San Too, Jane Pirkis, Allison Milner, Lyndal Bugeja, Matthew J Spittal
BACKGROUND: A growing number of studies have sought to detect clusters of all suicides, but few have sought to identify clusters of method-specific suicides. METHODS: Data on railway suicides occurring in Victoria, Australia, between 2001 and 2012 were obtained from the National Coronial Information System. We used the Poisson discrete scan statistic to identify railway suicides that occurred close together in space and/or time. We then used a case-control design to compare clustered railway suicides with non-clustered railway suicides on a range of individual and neighbourhood factors...
November 18, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807217/the-comparative-hydrodynamics-of-rapid-rotation-by-predatory-appendages
#15
M J McHenry, P S L Anderson, S Van Wassenbergh, D G Matthews, A P Summers, S N Patek
Countless aquatic animals rotate appendages through the water, yet fluid forces are typically modeled with translational motion. To elucidate the hydrodynamics of rotation, we analyzed the raptorial appendages of mantis shrimp (Stomatopoda) using a combination of flume experiments, mathematical modeling and phylogenetic comparative analyses. We found that computationally efficient blade-element models offered an accurate first-order approximation of drag, when compared with a more elaborate computational fluid-dynamic model...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773199/can-trends-in-coronial-post-mortem-examinations-be-determined-from-the-ncis-database
#16
Kelly Olds, Michael Rodriguez, Neil Langlois
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772986/the-coronial-autopsy-where-are-we-heading
#17
Neil Langlois, Helen McKelvie, Philip Beh, Simon Stables, Matthew Lynch, Noel Woodford, David Ranson, John Drayton, Jane Mowll, Chris O'Donnell, Sarah Parsons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771578/alcohol-and-its-contributory-role-in-fatal-drowning-in-australian-rivers-2002-2012
#18
Amy E Peden, Richard C Franklin, Peter A Leggat
OBJECTIVE: Examine the prevalence of alcohol and its contributory role in unintentional fatal river drowning in Australia to inform strategies for prevention. METHODS: Cases of unintentional fatal river drowning in Australia, 1-July-2002 to 30-June-2012, were extracted from the National Coronial Information System. Cases with positive alcohol readings found through autopsy or toxicology reports were retained for analysis. Discrete analysis was conducted on cases with a Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) of ≥0...
January 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766705/fatal-acute-poisonings-in-australian-children-2003-13
#19
Jennifer L Pilgrim, Elizabeth L Jenkins, Yeliena Baber, David Caldicott, Olaf H Drummer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Fatal poisonings in children comprise a small proportion of cases investigated by an Australian coroner; however, they present a major opportunity for death prevention. This study aimed to examine fatal child poisonings in Australia to (1) estimate the rate of acute poisoning deaths in children; (2) describe the key characteristics of the cohort; and (3) describe the outcomes of coronial recommendations made as a death prevention measure. DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
October 21, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630172/the-long-term-co-occurrence-of-psychiatric-illness-and-behavioral-problems-following-child-sexual-abuse
#20
Nina L Papalia, Stefan Luebbers, James Rp Ogloff, Margaret Cutajar, Paul E Mullen
OBJECTIVES: There is a growing body of research investigating the relationship between child sexual abuse and a range of adverse outcomes. However, very little is known about the long-term co-occurrence of psychiatric disorders and behavioral problems among this vulnerable population, or the interaction between characteristics of the abuse, such as the nature and timing of the child sexual abuse, and the extent of subsequent adversities. This study aimed to determine the rate and co-occurrence of mental health morbidity, criminal justice system contact, and fatal self-harm among medically confirmed victims of child sexual abuse, and to identify abuse variables associated with a greater likelihood of cumulative adverse experiences...
September 14, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
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