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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162568/-331-empathy-for-pain-hyper-or-hypoalgesia-in-mice-living-with-a-conspecific-in-chronic-pain
#1
D Baptista-de-Souza, R Nunes-de-Souza, A Canto-de-Souza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160400/exploring-the-facets-of-empathy-and-pain-in-clinical-practice-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Jenny Roche, Dominic Harmon
BACKGROUND: Empathy is an essential element in providing quality patient care. The significance of empathy is even more striking in pain medicine, as chronic pain is notorious for the way it can compromise an individual, leaving him or her isolated and feeling misconceived. This review examines the role of empathy in pain medicine practice. METHODS: Current and past literature focusing on empathy and pain was searched for in PubMed, Science Direct, Medline (Ovid), Medline (Ebsco), Research Gate, and Google Scholar in July 2015...
February 3, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143504/effectiveness-of-the-addition-of-therapeutic-alliance-with-minimal-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-and-low-risk-of-involvement-of-psychosocial-factors-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-talkback
#3
Felipe Ribeiro Cabral Fagundes, Caique de Melo do Espírito Santo, Francine Mendonça de Luna Teixeira, Thaís Vanelli Tonini, Cristina Maria Nunes Cabral
BACKGROUND: The stratified model of care has been an effective approach for the treatment of low back pain. However, the treatment of patients with low risk of psychosocial-factor involvement is unclear. The addition of the therapeutic alliance to a minimal intervention may be an option for the treatment of low back pain. This paper reports on the rationale, design and protocol for a randomized controlled trial with blind assessor to assess the effectiveness of the addition of therapeutic alliance with minimal intervention on pain and disability in patients with chronic, nonspecific low back pain...
January 31, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126624/empathy-in-female-submissive-bdsm-practitioners
#4
Siyang Luo, Xiao Zhang
The practice of bondage/discipline, dominance/submission, sadism/masochism (BDSM) sometimes is associated with giving and receiving pain. It remains unresolved how BDSM practitioners perceive the pain of other people. This study investigated whether and how the BDSM experience affects human empathy. Experiment 1 measured trait empathy and subjective empathic responses in BDSM practitioners and control respondents. The results revealed lower trait empathy scores and subjective pain intensity ratings in the female submissive group (Subs) compared to controls...
January 23, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080083/the-empathy-impulse-a-multinomial-model-of-intentional-and-unintentional-empathy-for-pain
#5
C Daryl Cameron, Victoria L Spring, Andrew R Todd
Empathy for pain is often described as automatic. Here, we used implicit measurement and multinomial modeling to formally quantify unintentional empathy for pain: empathy that occurs despite intentions to the contrary. We developed the pain identification task (PIT), a sequential priming task wherein participants judge the painfulness of target experiences while trying to avoid the influence of prime experiences. Using multinomial modeling, we distinguished 3 component processes underlying PIT performance: empathy toward target stimuli (Intentional Empathy), empathy toward prime stimuli (Unintentional Empathy), and bias to judge target stimuli as painful (Response Bias)...
January 12, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072040/altered-empathy-for-psychological-and-physical-pain-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Vera Flasbeck, Björn Enzi, Martin Brüne
Many patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) experience difficulties in empathizing with others and are sensitive to social exclusion. Accordingly, the authors developed a novel Social Interaction Empathy Task to examine empathy for physical and psychological pain from first- and third-person perspectives. Fifty female patients with BPD and forty-eight controls matched for age and gender were included. Alexithymia was also measured. Patients with BPD rated neutral and psychologically painful situations as more painful than healthy controls, and patients with BPD rated psychological pain as more intense in the first-person perspective than in the third-person perspective...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057925/decreased-empathy-response-to-other-people-s-pain-in-bipolar-disorder-evidence-from-an-event-related-potential-study
#7
Jingyue Yang, Xinglong Hu, Xiaosi Li, Lei Zhang, Yi Dong, Xiang Li, Chunyan Zhu, Wen Xie, Jingjing Mu, Su Yuan, Jie Chen, Fangfang Chen, Fengqiong Yu, Kai Wang
Bipolar disorder (BD) patients often demonstrate poor socialization that may stem from a lower capacity for empathy. We examined the associated neurophysiological abnormalities by comparing event-related potentials (ERP) between 30 BD patients in different states and 23 healthy controls (HCs, matched for age, sex, and education) during a pain empathy task. Subjects were presented pictures depicting pain or neutral images and asked to judge whether the person shown felt pain (pain task) and to identify the affected side (laterality task) during ERP recording...
January 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993262/-the-recognition-of-emotions-empathy-and-moral-judgment-in-the-national-mental-health-survey-in-colombia-2015
#8
Diana Matallana, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Paulina Ramirez, Nathalie Tamayo Martínez, Martin Rondon
BACKGROUND: Social cognition refers to the mental processes involved in social interactions. Different aspects, such as the perception of others, self-knowledge, motivation and the cultural context, can modulate empathy responses and moral judgments regarding the actions of others. The National Mental Health Survey (ENSM for its acronym in Spanish) explored aspects of social cognition such as the perception of emotions, empathy and moral judgment in situations in which another person experiences pain...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993224/maternal-depression-across-the-first-years-of%C3%A2-life-impacts-the-neural-basis-of-empathy-in%C3%A2-preadolescence
#9
Maayan Pratt, Abraham Goldstein, Jonathan Levy, Ruth Feldman
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to maternal depression across the first years of life markedly increases children's susceptibility to psychopathology, yet no study has tested its effects on the maturation of children's social brain. METHOD: Using a birth cohort of mothers with no contextual risk (N = 1,983), families were followed at 7 time points from birth to 11 years and repeatedly assessed for maternal depression across the first 6 years to form 2 cohorts: mothers continuously depressed from birth to 6 years and controls without depression...
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798249/increased-neural-responses-to-empathy-for-pain-might-explain-how-acute-stress-increases-prosociality
#10
L Tomova, J Majdandžić, A Hummer, C Windischberger, M Heinrichs, C Lamm
Recent behavioral investigations suggest that acute stress can increase prosocial behavior. Here, we investigated whether increased empathy represents a potential mechanism for this finding. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we assessed the effects of acute stress on neural responses related to automatic and regulatory components of empathy for pain as well as subsequent prosocial behavior. Stress increased activation in brain areas associated with the automatic sharing of others' pain, such as the anterior insula, the anterior midcingulate cortex, and the primary somatosensory cortex...
October 19, 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769812/comorbid-chronic-pain-and-depression-patient-perspectives-on-empathy
#11
Elizabeth A Sternke, Kathleen Abrahamson, Matthew J Bair
Clinician empathy is a well-documented component of effective patient/provider communication. Evidence surrounding the association between patient perspectives on clinician empathy and perception of pain management is currently limited, particularly among patients with chronic pain and depression. The aim of this study was to analyze patients' perspectives on the emergent theme of empathy and describe how patients construct their experiences and expectations surrounding empathic interactions. A secondary analysis of focus group data was designed using grounded theory methodology...
December 2016: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762611/gift-giving-in-the-podiatric-medical-student-patient-relationship
#12
Daniel López López, Paula Torreiro Pazo, Marta E Losa Iglesias, Ricardo Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo
We sought to explore the relationship between the podiatric medical student and the patient as it relates to the act of gift-giving as a sign of gratefulness for the services provided. This article presents the clinical case of a man who visited a podiatric medical student because of pain in his feet and subsequently presented the student with several gifts. Philanthropy, empathy, a positive attitude, treatment instructions, and the time devoted to the patient are some of the reasons why patients offer gifts to podiatric medical students...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739448/self-other-distinction-enhanced-empathic-responses-in-individuals-with-alexithymia
#13
Natsuki Saito, Takemasa Yokoyama, Hideki Ohira
Although empathy is important for social interactions, individuals with alexithymia have low empathic ability, particularly where advanced empathy is concerned (empathic concern, perspective taking). It has been argued that awareness of the self-other distinction enhances advanced empathy, and alexithymics are thought to inadequately distinguish the self from others. We therefore tested whether the self-other distinction increases advanced empathy in alexithymics. To this end, we presented painful hand images over participants' own hands, and required participants to estimate felt pain intensity and their affective states...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720886/maternal-cortical-response-to-baby-pain-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms
#14
Stefano Bembich, Cristina Vecchiet, Gabriele Cont, Cristina Sustersic, Francesca Valencak, Sergio Demarini
Decreased maternal empathic abilities toward infants have been reported with postpartum depression (PPD). The aims of this study were: (1) To identify mothers' cortical regions activated by the observation of their own newborn's pain; (2) To study the relation between such cortical activation and PPD symptoms. By optical topography, a functional neuroimaging system, we assessed mothers' cortical activation when watching their own newborns during a heel-prick. PPD symptoms and newborn's pain expression were also assessed...
October 5, 2016: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707814/acetaminophen-study-yields-new-insights-into-neurobiological-underpinnings-of-empathy
#15
John Tully, Marija M Petrinovic
Empathy is a cornerstone of social behavior, impairments of which are characteristic of neuropsychiatric disorders such as autism and psychopathy. According to the "shared representations" theory, empathy relies upon neural processes similar to those underpinning the first-hand experience of a given emotion. A recent study by Mischkowski et al. (2016) provides novel insights into neurobiological underpinnings of empathy by demonstrating that acetaminophen, a widely-used painkiller, reduces empathy for other's physical and social pain...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676808/interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-chronic-pain
#16
Xavier Gocko
OBJECTIVE: In France, chronic pain prevalence, causing professional or domestic activity restriction, increases with age, and reaches more than 60% people over 85 years old. In 2006, 40% of patients suffering from chronic pain are still not satisfied with practioners' monitoring and therefore multiply consultations. The aim of this study was to analyse the phenomenon of chronic pain, thanks to patients' experience and consciousness of their own situations. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This qualitative phenomenological study had the objective to enter in patients' "singular universe" by using two-fold hermeneutics, both empathic and critical...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643572/empathy-for-pain-influences-perceptual-and-motor-processing-evidence-from-response-force-erps-and-eeg-oscillations
#17
Sarah Fabi, Hartmut Leuthold
In the present study we investigated the nature and chronometry of empathy for pain influences on perceptual and motor processes. Thus, event-related brain potentials (ERPs), response force (RF) and oscillatory electroencephalography (EEG) activity were measured while participants were presented with pictures of body parts in painful or neutral situations. Their task consisted in either judging the painfulness of the stimuli or counting the body parts displayed. ERP results supported the assumption of an early automatic component of empathy for pain, as reflected by the early posterior negativity (EPN), and of a late controlled component, as reflected by the late posterior positivity (P3)...
September 28, 2016: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568587/the-selfless-mind-how-prefrontal-involvement-in-mentalizing-with-similar-and-dissimilar-others-shapes-empathy-and-prosocial-behavior
#18
Jasminka Majdandžić, Sandra Amashaufer, Allan Hummer, Christian Windischberger, Claus Lamm
Engaging in mentalizing, i.e., reflecting on others' thoughts, beliefs and feelings, is known to facilitate later empathy and prosocial behavior. Activation in dorsomedial prefrontal (dmPFC) areas during mentalizing has been shown to predict the extent of prosocial behavior. It is unclear, however, what cognitive process drives these effects: a simulation process in which the own mental states are used as a proxy for those of others (self-projection) or an effortful other-enhancement process in which one's own perspective is overridden...
December 2016: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561307/the-effect-of-social-observational-learning-empathy-and-catastrophizing-in-chronic-pain-patients-during-acute-pain-induction
#19
Dmitry Y Yakunchikov, Camille J Olechowski, Mark K Simmonds, Michelle J Verrier, Saifudin Rashiq, Lachlan A McWilliams, Igor A Sobolev, Bruce D Dick
: OBJECTIVE : In this study, we were interested in determining whether we could alter a pain response in a chronic pain patient population by exposing participants to different videos prior to inducing acute pain. DESIGN : This observational case series study required participants to report their pain level during the cold pressor task after viewing an instruction video. SETTING:  Recruitment and testing took place in a tertiary care multidisciplinary pain center...
August 24, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549133/deliberate-or-unintended-intentions-modulate-empathic-responses-to-others-economic-payoffs-in-social-interactions
#20
Qingguo Ma, Liang Meng, Qiang Shen
Previous studies examining empathy have revealed the neural substrates of how the physical pain of others is represented in the human brain. However, little is known about the empathic modulation of behavioral and neural responses to others' economic payoffs, especially in the social context. In the present study, we engaged participants in a revised Dictator Game as observers who observe the powerless players receiving varied offers proposed by the dominant players, establishing the link between empathy and fairness perception...
August 23, 2016: Social Neuroscience
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