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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449372/the-impact-of-mood-on-empathy-for-pain-evidence-from-an-eeg-study
#1
Xiang Li, Xianxin Meng, Hong Li, Jiemin Yang, Jiajin Yuan
The current work investigated whether the neural correlates of empathy for pain are altered by mood valence of observers. Following mood induction, participants watched pictures representing painful or nonpainful situations. We used EEG to record neural activity and assessed event-related desynchronization at central sites during pain observation. Greater mu desynchronization was observed during painful relative to nonpainful situations in positive and neutral mood but not in negative mood. We also found that the pain empathy effect, indexed by mu suppression differences between painful and nonpainful conditions, was smaller in negative than in neutral and positive mood, while this effect was similar between neutral and positive mood...
April 27, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449116/the-iconography-of-mourning-and-its-neural-correlates-a-functional-neuroimaging-study
#2
Karin Labek, Samantha Berger, Anna Buchheim, Julia Bosch, Jennifer Spohrs, Lisa Dommes, Petra Beschoner, Julia C Stingl, Roberto Viviani
The present functional neuroimaging study focuses on the iconography of mourning. A culture-specific pattern of body postures of mourning individuals, mostly suggesting withdrawal, emerged from a survey of visual material. When used in different combinations in stylized drawings in our neuroimaging study, this material activated cortical areas commonly seen in studies of social cognition (temporo-parietal junction, superior temporal gyrus, and inferior temporal lobe), empathy for pain (somatosensory cortex), and loss (precuneus, middle/posterior cingular gyrus)...
April 25, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442340/empathy-during-consoling-touch-is-modulated-by-mu-rhythm-an-eeg-study
#3
L Peled-Avron, P Goldstein, S Yellinek, I Weissman-Fogel, S G Shamay-Tsoory
The aim of the present study was to examine the mechanisms of empathy for pain that contribute to consoling touch, a distress-alleviating contact behavior carried out by an observer in response to the suffering of a target. We tested romantic couples in a paradigm that involves consoling touch and examined the attenuation of the mu/alpha rhythm (8-13Hz) in the consoling partner. During the task, the toucher either held the consoled partner's right hand (human touch) or held onto the armrest of the chair (non-human touch), while the consoled partner experienced inflicted pain (pain condition) or did not experience any pain (no-pain condition)...
April 22, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438708/psychopharmacological-modulation-of-event-related-potentials-suggests-that-first-hand-pain-and-empathy-for-pain-rely-on-similar-opioidergic-processes
#4
M Rütgen, E-M Seidel, C Pletti, I Riečanský, A Gartus, C Eisenegger, C Lamm
Accumulating evidence suggests that empathy for pain recruits similar neural processes as the first-hand experience of pain. The pain-related P2, an event-related potential component, has been suggested as a reliable indicator of neural processes associated with first-hand pain. Recent evidence indicates that placebo analgesia modulates this component for both first-hand pain and empathy for pain. Moreover, a psychopharmacological study showed that administration of an opioid antagonist blocked the effects of placebo analgesia on self-report of both first-hand pain and empathy for pain...
April 21, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419862/the-effect-of-tdcs-over-the-right-temporo-parietal-junction-on-pain-empathy
#5
Michel-Pierre Coll, Marie-Pier B Tremblay, Philip L Jackson
Empathy is a complex psychological phenomenon crucial for social perception and interactions. Several lines of evidence suggest that the right temporo-parietal junction is involved in self-other control mechanisms that play an important role in empathic responses. However, limited direct evidence of the involvement of this region in empathic responses is currently available. In this study, inhibitory transcranial direct current stimulation over this region influenced empathic responses to others' pain. It was found that compared to participants that received anodal or sham transcranial direct current stimulation, participants who received cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation over the right temporo-parietal junction perceived the pain of others as less intense compared to sham stimulation and showed decreased late event related potentials to facial expressions of pain...
April 15, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412511/difference-in-neural-response-to-social-exclusion-observation-and-subsequent-altruism-between-adolescents-and-adults
#6
Béatrice Tousignant, Fanny Eugène, Katia Sirois, Philip L Jackson
Empathy and prosocial behaviors toward peers promote successful social development and creation of significant long-term relationships, but surprisingly little is known about the maturation of these skills during the period of adolescence. As the majority of studies have used questionnaires or pain observation paradigms, it remains unknown whether the empathic response of adolescents differs from that of adults in a paradigm that is closer to everyday life. In the current study, fMRI was used to examine the neural correlates of social exclusion observation and subsequent prosocial behavior in 20 adolescents (aged 12-17 years) and 20 adults (aged 22-30 years) while playing a ball-tossing game with what they believed to be real individuals...
April 12, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405353/effects-of-25-mg-oxazepam-on-emotional-mimicry-and-empathy-for-pain-a-randomized-controlled-experiment
#7
Gustav Nilsonne, Sandra Tamm, Armita Golkar, Karolina Sörman, Katarina Howner, Marianne Kristiansson, Andreas Olsson, Martin Ingvar, Predrag Petrovic
Emotional mimicry and empathy are mechanisms underlying social interaction. Benzodiazepines have been proposed to inhibit empathy and promote antisocial behaviour. First, we aimed to investigate the effects of oxazepam on emotional mimicry and empathy for pain, and second, we aimed to investigate the association of personality traits to emotional mimicry and empathy. Participants (n=76) were randomized to 25 mg oxazepam or placebo. Emotional mimicry was examined using video clips with emotional expressions...
March 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397960/affective-empathy-cognitive-empathy-and-social-attention-in-children-at-high-risk-of-criminal-behaviour
#8
L van Zonneveld, E Platje, L M J de Sonneville, S H M van Goozen, H Swaab
BACKGROUND: Empathy deficits are hypothesized to underlie impairments in social interaction exhibited by those who engage in antisocial behaviour. Social attention is an essential precursor to empathy; however, no studies have yet examined social attention in relation to cognitive and affective empathy in those exhibiting antisocial behaviour. METHODS: Participants were 8- to 12-year-old children at high risk of developing criminal behaviour (N = 114, 80.7% boys) and typically developing controls (N = 43, 72...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349580/vicarious-pain-responders-and-emotion-evidence-for-distress-rather-than-mimicry
#9
Kurtis A Young, Simon C Gandevia, Melita J Giummarra
Up to a third of the population experiences pain when seeing another in pain. The mechanisms underlying such vicarious sensory experiences are thought to reflect hyperactive mirror systems (threshold theory) or dysfunctional processing and representation of oneself versus others (self/other theory). This study investigated whether the tendency to experience vicarious pain corresponds to disinhibited physiological reactivity toward other's emotions, and/or greater empathic mimicry of other's physiological state (respiratory behavior) during fear, pain, and positive emotion...
March 28, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345742/a-qualitative-exploration-of-chronic-pain-and-opioid-treatment-among-hiv-patients-with-drug-use-disorders
#10
Sarina R Isenberg, Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Kathleen Ridgeway, Mary C Beach, Amy R Knowlton
OBJECTIVE: The study explored high-risk participants' experiences with pain management regarding clinical access to and use of prescription opioids. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured interviews and focus groups. SETTING: Data were collected August 2014 to May 2015 at an urban community-based research facility in Baltimore City, MD. PARTICIPANTS: HIV participants with chronic pain and a history of illicit drug use. METHODS: Qualitative coding and analysis used an iterative, inductive, and thematic approach and coders achieved inter-coder consistency...
January 2017: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342209/from-somatic-pain-to-psychic-pain-the-body-in-the-psychoanalytic-field
#11
Thomas Hartung, Michael Steinbrecher
The integration of psyche and soma begins with a baby's earliest contact with his or her parents. With the help of maternal empathy and reverie, β-elements are transformed into α-elements. While we understand this to be the case, we would like to enquire what actually happens to those parts of the affect which have not been transformed? For the most part they may be dealt with by evacuation, but they can also remain within the body, subsequently contributing to psychosomatic symptoms. This paper describes how the body serves as an intermediate store between the psychic (inner) and outer reality...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338790/empathy-for-pain-motivates-actions-without-altruistic-effects-evidence-of-motor-dynamics-and-brain-activity
#12
Xiaochun Han, Kang He, Bing Wu, Zhenhao Shi, Yi Liu, Siyang Luo, Kunlin Wei, Xinhuai Wu, Shihui Han
Empathy has been supposed to be a proximate mechanism of altruistic behavior. We investigated whether empathy for pain drives actions without altruistic effects and how such actions modulate neural responses to others' pain. In two experiments, we asked healthy adults to press a button for no reason when viewing video clips showing faces with pain expressions receiving needle penetration or faces with neutral expressions receiving a cotton swab touch. Experiment 1 found that participants pressed a button with greater response force when watching painful than non-painful stimuli...
February 17, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338783/empathy-and-moral-emotions-in-post-apartheid-south-africa-an-fmri-investigation
#13
Melike M Fourie, Dan J Stein, Mark Solms, Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela, Jean Decety
Moral emotions elicited in response to others' suffering are mediated by empathy and affect how we respond to their pain. South Africa provides a unique opportunity to study group processes given its racially divided past. The present study seeks insights into aspects of the moral brain by investigating behavioral and functional MRI responses of White and Black South Africans who lived through apartheid to in- and out-group physical and social pain. Whereas the physical pain task featured faces expressing dynamic suffering, the social pain task featured victims of apartheid violence from the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission to elicit heartfelt emotion...
February 17, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321806/patient-satisfaction-in-musculoskeletal-medicine
#14
REVIEW
Matthew J Smith, Theodore J Choma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This is a literature review of the measurement of patient satisfaction in musculoskeletal medicine. Its purpose is to better understand the motivation for such measurements, the potential confounders, and the potential physician behaviors that may modulate such measures. RECENT FINDINGS: There have been studies documenting that physician conveyance of empathy, the extent to which patients' expectations for pain control and timeliness of care are met, as well as patient demographics and health status all affect the current measures of patient satisfaction...
March 20, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321201/placebo-and-nocebo-effects-the-advantage-of-measuring-expectations-and-psychological-factors
#15
Nicole Corsi, Luana Colloca
Several studies have explored the predictability of placebo and nocebo individual responses by investigating personality factors and expectations of pain decreases and increases. Psychological factors such as optimism, suggestibility, empathy and neuroticism have been linked to placebo effects, while pessimism, anxiety and catastrophizing have been associated to nocebo effects. We aimed to investigate the interplay between psychological factors, expectations of low and high pain and placebo hypoalgesia and nocebo hyperalgesia...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256532/insula-and-somatosensory-cortical-myelination-and-iron-markers-underlie-individual-differences-in-empathy
#16
Micah Allen, Darya Frank, James C Glen, Francesca Fardo, Martina F Callaghan, Geraint Rees
Empathy is a key component of our ability to engage and interact with others. In recent years, the neural mechanisms underlying affective and cognitive empathy have garnered intense interest. This work demonstrates that empathy for others depends upon a distributed network of regions such as the insula, parietal cortex, and somatosensory areas, which are also activated when we ourselves experience an empathized-with emotion (e.g., pain). Individuals vary markedly in their ability to empathize with others, which predicts the tendency to help others and relates to individual differences in the neuroanatomy of these areas...
March 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162568/-331-empathy-for-pain-hyper-or-hypoalgesia-in-mice-living-with-a-conspecific-in-chronic-pain
#17
D Baptista-de-Souza, R Nunes-de-Souza, A Canto-de-Souza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160400/exploring-the-facets-of-empathy-and-pain-in-clinical-practice-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Jenny Roche, Dominic Harmon
BACKGROUND: Empathy is an essential element in providing quality patient care. The significance of empathy is even more striking in pain medicine, as chronic pain is notorious for the way it can compromise an individual, leaving him or her isolated and feeling misconceived. This review examines the role of empathy in pain medicine practice. METHODS: Current and past literature focusing on empathy and pain was searched for in PubMed, Science Direct, MEDLINE (Ovid), MEDLINE (Ebsco), Research Gate, and Google Scholar in July 2015...
February 3, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143504/effectiveness-of-the-addition-of-therapeutic-alliance-with-minimal-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-and-low-risk-of-involvement-of-psychosocial-factors-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-talkback
#19
Felipe Ribeiro Cabral Fagundes, Caique de Melo do Espírito Santo, Francine Mendonça de Luna Teixeira, Thaís Vanelli Tonini, Cristina Maria Nunes Cabral
BACKGROUND: The stratified model of care has been an effective approach for the treatment of low back pain. However, the treatment of patients with low risk of psychosocial-factor involvement is unclear. The addition of the therapeutic alliance to a minimal intervention may be an option for the treatment of low back pain. This paper reports on the rationale, design and protocol for a randomized controlled trial with blind assessor to assess the effectiveness of the addition of therapeutic alliance with minimal intervention on pain and disability in patients with chronic, nonspecific low back pain...
January 31, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126624/empathy-in-female-submissive-bdsm-practitioners
#20
Siyang Luo, Xiao Zhang
The practice of bondage/discipline, dominance/submission, sadism/masochism (BDSM) sometimes is associated with giving and receiving pain. It remains unresolved how BDSM practitioners perceive the pain of other people. This study investigated whether and how the BDSM experience affects human empathy. Experiment 1 measured trait empathy and subjective empathic responses in BDSM practitioners and control respondents. The results revealed lower trait empathy scores and subjective pain intensity ratings in the female submissive group (Subs) compared to controls...
January 23, 2017: Neuropsychologia
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