keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Empathy pain

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712948/when-pain-really-matters-a-vicarious-pain-brain-marker-tracks-empathy-for-pain-in-the-romantic-partner
#1
Marina López-Solà, Leonie Koban, Anjali Krishnan, Tor D Wager
In a previous study (Krishnan, 2016) we identified a whole-brain pattern, the Vicarious Pain Signature (VPS), which predicts vicarious pain when participants observe pictures of strangers in pain. Here, we test its generalization to observation of pain in a close significant other. Participants experienced painful heat (Self-pain) and observed their romantic partner in pain (Partner-Pain). We measured whether (i) the VPS would respond selectively to Partner-Pain and (ii) the Neurologic Pain Signature (NPS), a measure validated to track somatic pain, would selectively respond to Self-Pain, despite the high interpersonal closeness between partners...
July 13, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701703/the-behavioral-and-neural-basis-of-empathic-blame
#2
Indrajeet Patil, Marta Calò, Federico Fornasier, Fiery Cushman, Giorgia Silani
Mature moral judgments rely both on a perpetrator's intent to cause harm, and also on the actual harm caused-even when unintended. Much prior research asks how intent information is represented neurally, but little asks how even unintended harms influence judgment. We interrogate the psychological and neural basis of this process, focusing especially on the role of empathy for the victim of a harmful act. Using fMRI, we found that the 'empathy for pain' network was involved in encoding harmful outcomes and integrating harmfulness information for different types of moral judgments, and individual differences in the extent to which this network was active during encoding and integration of harmfulness information determined severity of moral judgments...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689600/meditation-and-the-brain-neuronal-correlates-of-mindfulness-as-assessed-with-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#3
Friederike Gundel, Johanna von Spee, Sabrina Schneider, Florian B Haeussinger, Martin Hautzinger, Michael Erb, Andreas J Fallgatter, Ann-Christine Ehlis
Mindfulness meditation as a therapeutic intervention has been shown to have positive effects on psychological problems such as depression, pain or anxiety disorders. In this study, we used functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to detect differences in hemodynamic responses of meditation experts (14 participants) and a control group (16 participants) in a resting and a mindfulness condition. In both conditions, the sound of a meditation bowl was used to find group differences in the auditory system and adjacent cortical areas...
April 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683568/the-effect-of-being-imitated-on-empathy-for-pain-in-adults-with-high-functioning-autism-disturbed-self-other-distinction-leads-to-altered-empathic-responding
#4
Lize De Coster, Jan R Wiersema, Eliane Deschrijver, Marcel Brass
Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is associated with problems in empathy. Recent research suggests that impaired control over self-other overlap based on motor representations in individuals with autism spectrum disorder might underlie these difficulties. In order to investigate the relationship of self-other distinction and empathy for pain in high-functioning autism and matched controls, we manipulated self-other distinction by using a paradigm in which participants are either imitated or not by a hand on a computer screen...
June 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674390/empathy-skill-dependent-modulation-of-working-memory-by-painful-scene
#5
Mo Chen, Yuan-Zheng Wang, Chen-Chen Ma, Qi-Ze Li, Han Zhou, Jie Fu, Qian-Qian Yang, Yong-Mei Zhang, Yu Liu, Jun-Li Cao
As an important online information retaining and processing function, working memory plays critical roles in many other cognitive functions. Several long-term factors, such as age, addiction and diseases, have been affirmed to impair working memory, but whether or how the short-term factors, like painful stimuli or emotions, regulate the human working memory ability is not well explored. Here we investigated the influences of empathic pain on upcoming working memory and existing working memory, by presenting human subjects with the pictures depicting painful or neutral scene...
July 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662625/oxycodone-in-palliative-care-art-and-empathy-still-have-a-place
#6
William P Tormey
A 47-year-old woman who was receiving palliative care for metastatic breast cancer, which included oxycodone, was found dead in bed. The femoral blood level of oxycodone at autopsy was 1200 µg/L, which is a value within the lethal range. Could the cause of death be attributed to misadventure or suicide? Would the coroner consider a recommendation of therapeutic drug monitoring in palliative care which could have a serious negative impact on pain relief practice? A narrative verdict was the outcome linking the primary cause of death with the drug cocktail found at autopsy...
January 2017: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645415/pain-and-empathy
#7
EDITORIAL
Joshua C Lerner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632770/men-women%C3%A2-who-cares-a-population-based-study-on-sex-differences-and-gender-roles-in-empathy-and-moral-cognition
#8
Sandra Baez, Daniel Flichtentrei, María Prats, Ricardo Mastandueno, Adolfo M García, Marcelo Cetkovich, Agustín Ibáñez
Research on sex differences in empathy has revealed mixed findings. Whereas experimental and neuropsychological measures show no consistent sex effect, self-report data consistently indicates greater empathy in women. However, available results mainly come from separate populations with relatively small samples, which may inflate effect sizes and hinder comparability between both empirical corpora. To elucidate the issue, we conducted two large-scale studies. First, we examined whether sex differences emerge in a large population-based sample (n = 10,802) when empathy is measured with an experimental empathy-for-pain paradigm...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615963/frequency-dependent-changes-in-sensorimotor-and-pain-affective-systems-induced-by-empathy-for-pain
#9
Yoshimasa Motoyama, Katsuya Ogata, Sumio Hoka, Shozo Tobimatsu
BACKGROUND: Empathy for pain helps us to understand the pain of others indirectly. To better comprehend the processing of empathic pain, we report the frequency-dependent modulation of cortical oscillations induced by watching movies depicting pain using high-density electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), and motor evoked potentials (MEP). METHODS: Event-related desynchronization of EEG and MEG was assessed while participants viewed videos of painful (needle) or neutral (cotton swab) situations...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607375/the-role-of-touch-in-regulating-inter-partner-physiological-coupling-during-empathy-for-pain
#10
Pavel Goldstein, Irit Weissman-Fogel, Simone G Shamay-Tsoory
The human ability to synchronize with other individuals is critical for the development of social behavior. Recent research has shown that physiological inter-personal synchronization may underlie behavioral synchrony. Nevertheless, the factors that modulate physiological coupling are still largely unknown. Here we suggest that social touch and empathy for pain may enhance interpersonal physiological coupling. Twenty-two romantic couples were assigned the roles of target (pain receiver) and observer (pain observer) under pain/no-pain and touch/no-touch conditions, and their ECG and respiration rates were recorded...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606909/-treated-as-a-number-not-treated-as-a-person-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-perceived-barriers-to-effective-pain-management-of-patients-with-chronic-pain
#11
Muhammad Abdul Hadi, David Phillip Alldred, Michelle Briggs, Kathryn Marczewski, S José Closs
OBJECTIVES: To identify barriers to effective pain management encountered by patients with chronic pain within the UK's National Health Service (NHS). DESIGN: Secondary analysis of face-to-face, semistructured qualitative interviews using thematic analysis. SETTING: A community-based chronic pain clinic jointly managed by a nurse and pharmacist located in the North of England. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen adult (>18 years) patients with chronic pain discharged from a pain clinic, with the ability to understand and speak the English language...
June 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604575/my-child-my-patient
#12
Rashmi Kumar
Many times, we make decisions in our lives that have unanticipated impacts. Decisions made can change our careers and outlook toward life. As a younger doctor, I considered illness and disease abstractions, and good management with optimal outcomes for the patient was our focus, as we strive toward our professional goals. But having experienced the real pain and helplessness that patients and their parents undergo during critical illnesses, the importance of empathy together with the knowledge and skills needed to treat a child should never be undervalued...
June 9, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593600/developmental-changes-in-empathic-concern-and-self-understanding-in-toddlers-at-genetic-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Susan B Campbell, Elizabeth L Moore, Jessie Northrup, Celia A Brownell
Toddlers with an older sibling with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and low risk (LR) toddlers were observed at 22, 28, and 34 months during two empathy probes: a crying baby and an adult who pretended to hurt her finger. Toddlers with a later ASD diagnosis showed less empathic concern and self-distress at each age on both empathy probes than LR toddlers. HR toddlers with no diagnosis showed growth in empathic concern between 22 and 34 months in response to the adult's pain, differing from the children with ASD, but not the LR children, by 34 months...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556774/functional-mri-examination-of-empathy-for-pain-in-people-with-schizophrenia-reveals-abnormal-activation-related-to-cognitive-perspective-taking-but-typical-activation-linked-to-affective-sharing
#14
Damien Vistoli, Marie-Audrey Lavoie, Stephanie Sutliff, Philip L Jackson, Amélie M Achim
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is associated with important disturbances in empathy that are related to everyday functioning. Empathy is classically defined as including affective (sharing others' emotions) and cognitive (taking others' cognitive perspectives) processes. In healthy individuals, studies on empathy for pain revealed specific brain systems associated with these sets of processes, notably the anterior middle cingulate (aMCC) and anterior insula (AI) for affective sharing and the bilateral temporoparietal junction (TPJ) for the cognitive processes, but the integrity of these systems in patients with schizophrenia remains uncertain...
June 2017: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555773/sex-differences-in-empathy-for-pain-what-is-the-role-of-autonomic-regulation
#15
Lincoln M Tracy, Melita J Giummarra
Empathy involves both affective and cognitive components whereby we understand, and express concerns for, the experiences of others. Women typically have superior trait empathy compared with men, which seems to have a neurological basis with sex differences in the structure and function of neural networks involved in empathy. This study investigated sex differences in empathy for pain using the Empathy for Pain Scale, and examined whether these trait differences were associated with disruptions in autonomic regulation, specifically via the parasympathetic nervous system (measured through the square root of the mean squared differences of successive R-R intervals; RMSSD) both at rest and during a socioevaluative stress task (i...
May 27, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532892/a-decade-of-studying-implicit-racial-ethnic-bias-in-healthcare-providers-using-the-implicit-association-test
#16
Ivy W Maina, Tanisha D Belton, Sara Ginzberg, Ajit Singh, Tiffani J Johnson
Disparities in the care and outcomes of US racial/ethnic minorities are well documented. Research suggests that provider bias plays a role in these disparities. The implicit association test enables measurement of implicit bias via tests of automatic associations between concepts. Hundreds of studies have examined implicit bias in various settings, but relatively few have been conducted in healthcare. The aim of this systematic review is to synthesize the current knowledge on the role of implicit bias in healthcare disparities...
May 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532273/childhood-trauma-affects-processing-of-social-interactions-in-borderline-personality-disorder-an-event-related-potential-study-investigating-empathy-for-pain
#17
Vera Flasbeck, Björn Enzi, Martin Brüne
OBJECTIVES: Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have difficulties in empathising with others and show disturbances in social interactions. Using a 'Social Interaction Empathy Task', we found that BPD patients judged neutral and psychologically painful conditions as more painful than healthy subjects. Here, we present the neural correlates underlying these differences in empathy for pain. METHODS: Female BPD patients and healthy controls completed the 'Social Interaction Empathy Task' during EEG recording...
June 15, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523733/the-development-of-cognitive-empathy-and-concern-in-preschool-children-a-behavioral-neuroscience-investigation
#18
Jean Decety, Kimberly L Meidenbauer, Jason M Cowell
This developmental neuroscience study examined the electrophysiological responses (EEG and ERPs) associated with perspective taking and empathic concern in preschool children, as well as their relation to parental empathy dispositions and children's own prosocial behavior. Consistent with a body of previous studies using stimuli depicting somatic pain in both children and adults, larger early (~200 ms) ERPs were identified when perceiving painful versus neutral stimuli. In the slow wave window (~800 ms), a significant interaction of empathy condition and stimulus type was driven by a greater difference between painful and neutral images in the empathic concern condition...
May 18, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512439/long-time-exposure-to-violent-video-games-does-not-show-desensitization-on-empathy-for-pain-an-fmri-study
#19
Xuemei Gao, Wei Pan, Chao Li, Lei Weng, Mengyun Yao, Antao Chen
As a typical form of empathy, empathy for pain refers to the perception and appraisal of others' pain, as well as the corresponding affective responses. Numerous studies investigated the factors affecting the empathy for pain, in which the exposure to violent video games (VVGs) could change players' empathic responses to painful situations. However, it remains unclear whether exposure to VVG influences the empathy for pain. In the present study, in terms of the exposure experience to VVG, two groups of participants (18 in VVG group, VG; 17 in non-VVG group, NG) were screened from nearly 200 video game experience questionnaires...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504364/mindfulness-meditation-regulates-anterior-insula-activity-during-empathy-for-social-pain
#20
Davide Laneri, Sören Krach, Frieder M Paulus, Philipp Kanske, Verena Schuster, Jens Sommer, Laura Müller-Pinzler
Mindfulness has been shown to reduce stress, promote health, and well-being, as well as to increase compassionate behavior toward others. It reduces distress to one's own painful experiences, going along with altered neural responses, by enhancing self-regulatory processes and decreasing emotional reactivity. In order to investigate if mindfulness similarly reduces distress and neural activations associated with empathy for others' socially painful experiences, which might in the following more strongly motivate prosocial behavior, the present study compared trait, and state effects of long-term mindfulness meditation (LTM) practice...
May 15, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
keyword
keyword
42337
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"