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Empathy pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770733/the-relationship-between-mirror-touch-synaesthesia-and-empathy-new-evidence-and-a-new-screening-tool
#1
Jamie Ward, Patricia Schnakenberg, Michael J Banissy
People with mirror-touch synaesthesia (MTS) report tactile sensations on their own body when seeing another person being touched. Although this has been associated with heightened empathy and emotion perception, this finding has been disputed. Here, we conduct two experiments to explore this relationship further. In Experiment 1, we develop a new screening measure for MTS. We show that MTS is related to vicarious experiences more generally, but is not a simple exaggerated version of normality. For example, people with MTS report videos of scratching as "touch" rather than "itchiness" and have localized sensations when watching others in pain...
May 17, 2018: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702161/racial-bias-in-empathy-do-we-process-dark-and-fair-colored-hands-in-pain-differently-an-eeg-study
#2
Sarah Fabi, Hartmut Leuthold
The aim of this study was to identify racial bias influences on empathic processing from early stimulus encoding, over categorization until late motor processing stages by comparing brain responses (electroencephalogram) to pictures of fair- and dark-colored hands in painful or neutral daily-life situations. Participants performed a pain judgment task and a skin color judgment task. Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) substantiated former findings of automatic empathic influences on stimulus encoding, reflected by the early posterior negativity (EPN), and late controlled influences on the stimulus categorization, as reflected by the late posterior positivity (P3b)...
April 24, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683406/influence-of-anxiety-and-alexithymia-on-brain-activations-associated-with-the-perception-of-others-pain-in-autism
#3
Amandine Lassalle, Nicole R Zürcher, Carlo A Porro, Francesca Benuzzi, Loyse Hippolyte, Eric Lemonnier, Jakob Åsberg Johnels, Nouchine Hadjikhani
The circumstances under which empathy is altered in ASD remain unclear, as previous studies did not systematically find differences in brain activation between ASD and controls in empathy-eliciting paradigms, and did not always monitor whether differences were primarily due to ASD "per se", or to conditions overlapping with ASD, such as alexithymia and anxiety. Here, we collected fMRI data from 47 participants (22 ASD) viewing pictures depicting hands and feet of unknown others in painful, disgusting, or neutral situations...
April 23, 2018: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672201/effects-of-empathic-and-positive-communication-in-healthcare-consultations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Jeremy Howick, Andrew Moscrop, Alexander Mebius, Thomas R Fanshawe, George Lewith, Felicity L Bishop, Patriek Mistiaen, Nia W Roberts, Eglė Dieninytė, Xiao-Yang Hu, Paul Aveyard, Igho J Onakpoya
Background Practitioners who enhance how they express empathy and create positive expectations of benefit could improve patient outcomes. However, the evidence in this area has not been recently synthesised. Objective To estimate the effects of empathy and expectations interventions for any clinical condition. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised trials. Data sources Six databases from inception to August 2017. Study selection Randomised trials of empathy or expectations interventions in any clinical setting with patients aged 12 years or older...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672110/-the-empathy-impulse-a-multinomial-model-of-intentional-and-unintentional-empathy-for-pain-correction
#5
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "The empathy impulse: A multinomial model of intentional and unintentional empathy for pain" by C. Daryl Cameron, Victoria L. Spring and Andrew R. Todd ( Emotion , 2017[Apr], Vol 17[3], 395-411). In this article, there was an error in the calculation of some of the effect sizes. The w effect size was manually computed incorrectly. The incorrect number of total observations was used, which affected the final effect size estimates. This computing error does not change any of the results or interpretations about model fit based on the G² statistic, or about significant differences across conditions in process parameters...
April 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658736/seeing-their-side-versus-feeling-their-pain-differential-consequences-of-perspective-taking-and-empathy-at-work
#6
Natalie H Longmire, David A Harrison
Perspective taking and empathic concern (empathy) have each been proposed as constructive approaches to social relationships. However, their potential distinctions, limitations, and consequences in task contexts are not well understood. We meta-analytically examined 304 independent samples to uncover unique effects of perspective taking and empathic concern on important work-related outcomes. We develop and test a contingency model of those effects, based on three facets of psychological interdependence: outcome, hierarchical (or power asymmetry), and social category (or in-group/out-group distinctions)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617410/how-social-exclusion-modulates-social-information-processing-a-behavioural-dissociation-between-facial-expressions-and-gaze-direction
#7
Francesco Bossi, Marcello Gallucci, Paola Ricciardelli
Social exclusion is a painful experience that is felt as a threat to the human need to belong and can lead to increased aggressive and anti-social behaviours, and results in emotional and cognitive numbness. Excluded individuals also seem to show an automatic tuning to positivity: they tend to increase their selective attention towards social acceptance signals. Despite these effects known in the literature, the consequences of social exclusion on social information processing still need to be explored in depth...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598770/living-a-life-full-of-pain-older-pain-clinic-patients-experience-of-living-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#8
Meredith Stensland, Sara Sanders
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is older adults' most common pain complaint and is associated with many physical and psychosocial consequences, which have been quantitatively examined. However, little research has qualitatively examined the experience itself of CLBP in later life. Study objective was to understand older adults' lived CLBP experience. Guided by van Manen's phenomenological method, 21 pain clinic patients aged 66 to 83 completed semistructured interviews. Under the main theme "living a life full of pain," results are reflected in four existential subthemes: (a) Corporeality: The pain is relentless and constantly monitored, (b) Temporality: To live with pain is to live by pacing day and night, (c) Relationality: Pain creates limits that can be tested or obeyed, and (d) Spatiality: Manipulating the space around me to accommodate the pain...
March 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563059/neurocognitive-basis-of-racial-ingroup-bias-in-empathy
#9
REVIEW
Shihui Han
Racial discrimination in social behavior, although disapproved of by many contemporary cultures, has been widely reported. Because empathy plays a key functional role in social behavior, brain imaging researchers have extensively investigated the neurocognitive underpinnings of racial ingroup bias in empathy. This research has revealed consistent evidence for increased neural responses to the perceived pain of same-race compared with other-race individuals in multiple brain regions and across multiple time-windows...
March 18, 2018: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486544/effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-empathy-in-patients-with-chronic-pain
#10
Man-Kyu Song, Soo-Hee Choi, Do-Hyeong Lee, Kyung-Jun Lee, Won Joon Lee, Do-Hyung Kang
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective in patients with chronic pain. However, the efficacy of CBT for impaired empathy has not been studied in this population. We investigated the effect of CBT on empathy in patients with chronic pain. METHODS: Patients with severe chronic pain were recruited. Empathy was assessed before and after CBT using the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI). The patients underwent eight sessions over the course of 1 month conducted...
March 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483250/brain-to-brain-coupling-during-handholding-is-associated-with-pain-reduction
#11
Pavel Goldstein, Irit Weissman-Fogel, Guillaume Dumas, Simone G Shamay-Tsoory
The mechanisms underlying analgesia related to social touch are not clear. While recent research highlights the role of the empathy of the observer to pain relief in the target, the contribution of social interaction to analgesia is unknown. The current study examines brain-to-brain coupling during pain with interpersonal touch and tests the involvement of interbrain synchrony in pain alleviation. Romantic partners were assigned the roles of target (pain receiver) and observer (pain observer) under pain-no-pain and touch-no-touch conditions concurrent with EEG recording...
March 13, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481341/is-physician-empathy-associated-with-differences-in-pain-and-functional-limitations-after-a-hand-surgeon-visit
#12
Thomas J M Kootstra, Suzanne C Wilkens, Mariano E Menendez, David Ring
BACKGROUND: In prior work we demonstrated that patient-rated physician empathy was the strongest driver of patient satisfaction after a visit to an orthopaedic hand surgeon. Data from the primary care setting suggest a positive association between physician empathy and clinical outcomes, including symptoms of the common cold. It is possible that an empathic encounter could make immediate and measureable changes in a patient's mindset, symptoms, and functional limitations. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Comparing patients who rated their physicians as perfectly empathic with those who did not, is there a difference in pre- to postvisit change in Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Upper Extremity Function scores? (2) Do patients who gave their physicians perfectly empathic ratings have a greater decrease in pre- to postvisit change in Pain Intensity, PROMIS Pain Interference, and PROMIS Depression scores? METHODS: Between September 2015 and February 2016, based on the clinic patient flow, 134 new patients were asked to participate in this study...
April 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480887/hand-posturing-is-a-nonverbal-indicator-of-catastrophic-thinking-for-finger-hand-or-wrist-injury
#13
Suzanne C Wilkens, Jonathan Lans, Claudia A Bargon, David Ring, Neal C Chen
BACKGROUND: Prior research documents that greater psychologic distress (anxiety/depression) and less effective coping strategies (catastrophic thinking, kinesophobia) are associated with greater pain intensity and greater limitations. Recognition and acknowledgment of verbal and nonverbal indicators of psychologic factors might raise opportunities for improved psychologic health. There is evidence that specific patient words and phrases indicate greater catastrophic thinking. This study tested proposed nonverbal indicators (such as flexion of the wrist during attempted finger flexion or extension of uninjured fingers as the stiff and painful finger is flexed) for their association with catastrophic thinking...
April 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476297/keith-haring-felix-gonzalez-torres-wolfgang-tillmans-and-the-aids-epidemic-the-use-of-visual-art-in-a-health-humanities-course
#14
Jason A Smith
Contemporary art can be a powerful pedagogical tool in the health humanities. Students in an undergraduate course in the health humanities explore the subjective experience of illness and develop their empathy by studying three artists in the context of the AIDS epidemic: Keith Haring, Felix Gonzalez-Torres, and Wolfgang Tillmans. Using assignments based in narrative pedagogy, students expand their empathic response to pain and suffering. The role of visual art in health humanities pedagogy is discussed.
February 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451071/childhood-emotional-invalidation-and-right-hemispheric-mu-suppression-during-a-pain-empathy-task-an-eeg-study
#15
Kirsten Arnett, Alexandra Roach, Meredith Elzy, Laura Jelsone-Swain
Empathy is a critical aspect of social behavior, and impairment in empathic processing is linked to hindered social interactions and several disorders. Despite much interest in this topic, our understanding of the developmental and neural involvement for empathic processing is limited. Recent evidence suggests the Mirror Neuron System (MNS) may play a role in this behavior, and that mu rhythm suppression found over the sensorimotor cortices may be a proxy for the MNS. Therefore, we aimed to measure mu rhythm oscillations in response to empathic processing during observation of painful action-based situations using electroencephalogram (EEG)...
March 4, 2018: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440143/exploring-the-lived-experience-and-chronic-low-back-pain-beliefs-of-english-speaking-punjabi-and-white-british-people-a-qualitative-study-within-the-nhs
#16
Gurpreet Singh, Christopher Newton, Kieran O'Sullivan, Andrew Soundy, Nicola R Heneghan
INTRODUCTION: Disabling chronic low back pain (CLBP) is associated with negative beliefs and behaviours, which are influenced by culture, religion and interactions with healthcare practitioners (HCPs). In the UK, HCPs encounter people from different cultures and ethnic backgrounds, with South Asian Indians (including Punjabis) forming the largest ethnic minority group. Better understanding of the beliefs and experiences of ethnic minorities with CLBP might inform effective management...
February 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432273/corr-insights%C3%A2-is-physician-empathy-associated-with-differences-in-pain-and-functional-limitations-after-a-hand-surgeon-visit
#17
Ryan P Calfee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421781/the-myth-of-blunted-gamers-no-evidence-for-desensitization-in-empathy-for-pain-after-a-violent-video-game-intervention-in-a-longitudinal-fmri-study-on-non-gamers
#18
Simone Kühn, Dimitrij Kugler, Katharina Schmalen, Markus Weichenberger, Charlotte Witt, Jürgen Gallinat
BACKGROUND/AIMS: It is a common concern in the research field and the community that habitual violent video gaming reduces empathy for pain in its players. However, previous fMRI studies have only compared habitual game players against control participants cross-sectionally. However the observed pattern of results may be due to a priori differences in people who become gamers and who not. In order to derive the causal conclusion that violent video game play causes desensitisation, longitudinal studies are needed...
January 31, 2018: Neuro-Signals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401335/influence-of-personality-traits-on-the-effective-performance-of-lifesaving-interventions-example-of-the-tourniquet-application-in-forward-combat-casualty-care
#19
Quentin Vuillemin, Pierre-Eric Schwartzbrod, Pierre Pasquier, Florian Sibille, Marion Trousselard, Marie-Hélène Ferrer
Introduction: Health care delivery in military conflicts implies high-stress environments. Hemorrhage is the first cause of survivable death among combat casualties, and tourniquet application is one of the most critical lifesaving interventions on the battlefield. However, previous studies have shown high failure rates in tourniquet application. Our study aimed to assess the correlation between personality traits that may interfere with effective tourniquet application in a simulated extremity hemorrhage...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400071/the-impact-of-wrist-fracture-surgical-repair-and-immobilization-on-patients-a-qualitative-study
#20
Narelle J Watson, Sally A Martin, Jennifer L Keating
OBJECTIVE: To investigate patients' experience following wrist fracture, surgical repair and immobilization. DESIGN: A qualitative investigation involving individual participant interviews. SETTING: A metropolitan trauma service. SUBJECTS: In all, 31 participants were consecutively recruited from three groups within a randomized controlled trial comparing immobilization for one ( n = 11), three ( n = 10) or six weeks ( n = 10) following surgical treatment for wrist fracture...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
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