keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Empathy pain

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921770/does-an-observer-s-empathy-influence-my-pain-effect-of-perceived-empathetic-or-unempathetic-support-in-a-pain-test
#1
C Fauchon, I Faillenot, A M Perrin, C Borg, V Pichot, F Chouchou, L Garcia-Larrea, R Peyron
The physiological and behavioural effects of empathy for other's pain have been widely investigated, while the opposite situation, i.e. the influence on one's pain of empathetic feedback from others, remains largely unexplored. Here, we assessed whether and how empathetic and unempathetic comments from observers modulate pain and associated vegetative reactions. In Study 1, conversations between observers of a pain study were recorded by professional actors. Comments were prepared to be perceived as empathetic, unempathetic, or neutral, and were validated in 40 subjects...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904379/a-screening-mechanism-differentiating-true-from-false-pain-during-empathy
#2
Ya-Bin Sun, Xiao-Xiao Lin, Wen Ye, Ning Wang, Jin-Yan Wang, Fei Luo
Empathizing with another's suffering is important in social interactions. Empathic behavior is selectively elicited from genuine, meaningful pain but not from fake, meaningless scenarios. However, the brain's screening mechanism of false information from meaningful events and the time course for the screening process remains unclear. Using EEG combined with principle components analysis (PCA) techniques, here we compared temporal neurodynamics between the observation of pain and no-pain pictures as well as between true (painful expressions and needle-penetrated arms) and false (needle-penetrated faces with neutral expressions) pain pictures...
September 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891381/the-impact-of-empathy-and-reappraisal-on-emotional-intensity-recognition
#3
Navot Naor, Simone G Shamay-Tsoory, Gal Sheppes, Hadas Okon-Singer
Empathy represents a fundamental ability that allows for the creation and cultivation of social bonds. As part of the empathic process, individuals use their own emotional state to interpret the content and intensity of other people's emotions. Therefore, the current study was designed to test two hypotheses: (1) empathy for the pain of another will result in biased emotional intensity judgment; and (2) changing one's emotion via emotion regulation will modulate these biased judgments. To test these hypotheses, in experiment one we used a modified version of a well-known task that triggers an empathic reaction We found that empathy resulted in biased emotional intensity judgment...
September 11, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884471/the-complexity-of-empathy-during-medical-school-training-evidence-for-positive-changes
#4
Karen E Smith, Greg J Norman, Jean Decety
CONTEXT: Empathy is an essential aspect of clinical care, associated with improved patient satisfaction, increased adherence to treatment, and fewer malpractice complaints. Previous studies suggest that empathy declines during medical training. However, past research relied on a single narrowly operationalised, self-report measure of empathy. As empathy is a complex socio-emotional construct, it is critical to assess changes across its distinct components using multiple measures in order to better understand how it is influenced by medical training...
September 7, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862727/bladder-pain-the-patient-perspective
#5
Jane M Meijlink
Patients with chronic pain, discomfort and other urinary symptoms related to bladder pain syndrome or urinary tract infections may experience severely diminished quality of life and psychological and social problems, including depression, anxiety, and a sense of helplessness and hopelessness. These patients require empathy, understanding and practical support to allow them to cope with their chronic bladder disorder.
August 17, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852151/hypnotic-analgesia-reduces-brain-responses-to-pain-seen-in-others
#6
Claire Braboszcz, Edith Brandao-Farinelli, Patrik Vuilleumier
Brain responses to pain experienced by oneself or seen in other people show consistent overlap in the pain processing network, particularly anterior insula, supporting the view that pain empathy partly relies on neural processes engaged by self-nociception. However, it remains unresolved whether changes in one's own pain sensation may affect empathic responding to others' pain. Here we show that inducing analgesia through hypnosis leads to decreased responses to both self and vicarious experience of pain. Activations in the right anterior insula and amygdala were markedly reduced when participants received painful thermal stimuli following hypnotic analgesia on their own hand, but also when they viewed pictures of others' hand in pain...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759805/common-and-distinct-neural-mechanisms-associated-with-the-conscious-experience-of-vicarious-pain
#7
Thomas Grice-Jackson, Hugo D Critchley, Michael J Banissy, Jamie Ward
Vicarious pain perception has been an influential paradigm for investigating the social neuroscience of empathy. This research has highlighted the importance of both shared representations (i.e., involved in both experiencing first-hand physical pain and observing pain) and mechanisms that discriminate between self and other. The majority of this research has been conducted in healthy younger adults using a group-average approach. There are, however, known inter-individual differences that can contribute to vicarious experience...
July 3, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743987/empathy-for-others-suffering-and-its-mediators-in-mental-health-professionals
#8
Hernando Santamaría-García, Sandra Baez, Adolfo M García, Daniel Flichtentrei, María Prats, Ricardo Mastandueno, Mariano Sigman, Diana Matallana, Marcelo Cetkovich, Agustín Ibáñez
Empathy is a complex cognitive and affective process that allows humans to experience concern for others, comprehend their emotions, and eventually help them. In addition to studies with healthy subjects and various neuropsychiatric populations, a few reports have examined this domain focusing on mental health workers, whose daily work requires the development of a saliently empathic character. Building on this research line, the present population-based study aimed to (a) assess different dimensions of empathy for pain in mental health workers relative to general-physicians and non-medical workers; and (b) evaluate their relationship with relevant factors, such as moral profile, age, gender, years of experience, and workplace type...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712948/when-pain-really-matters-a-vicarious-pain-brain-marker-tracks-empathy-for-pain-in-the-romantic-partner
#9
Marina López-Solà, Leonie Koban, Anjali Krishnan, Tor D Wager
In a previous study (Krishnan, 2016) we identified a whole-brain pattern, the Vicarious Pain Signature (VPS), which predicts vicarious pain when participants observe pictures of strangers in pain. Here, we test its generalization to observation of pain in a close significant other. Participants experienced painful heat (Self-pain) and observed their romantic partner in pain (Partner-Pain). We measured whether (i) the VPS would respond selectively to Partner-Pain and (ii) the Neurologic Pain Signature (NPS), a measure validated to track somatic pain, would selectively respond to Self-Pain, despite the high interpersonal closeness between partners...
July 13, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701703/the-behavioral-and-neural-basis-of-empathic-blame
#10
Indrajeet Patil, Marta Calò, Federico Fornasier, Fiery Cushman, Giorgia Silani
Mature moral judgments rely both on a perpetrator's intent to cause harm, and also on the actual harm caused-even when unintended. Much prior research asks how intent information is represented neurally, but little asks how even unintended harms influence judgment. We interrogate the psychological and neural basis of this process, focusing especially on the role of empathy for the victim of a harmful act. Using fMRI, we found that the 'empathy for pain' network was involved in encoding harmful outcomes and integrating harmfulness information for different types of moral judgments, and individual differences in the extent to which this network was active during encoding and integration of harmfulness information determined severity of moral judgments...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689600/meditation-and-the-brain-neuronal-correlates-of-mindfulness-as-assessed-with-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#11
Friederike Gundel, Johanna von Spee, Sabrina Schneider, Florian B Haeussinger, Martin Hautzinger, Michael Erb, Andreas J Fallgatter, Ann-Christine Ehlis
Mindfulness meditation as a therapeutic intervention has been shown to have positive effects on psychological problems such as depression, pain or anxiety disorders. In this study, we used functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to detect differences in hemodynamic responses of meditation experts (14 participants) and a control group (16 participants) in a resting and a mindfulness condition. In both conditions, the sound of a meditation bowl was used to find group differences in the auditory system and adjacent cortical areas...
April 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683568/the-effect-of-being-imitated-on-empathy-for-pain-in-adults-with-high-functioning-autism-disturbed-self-other-distinction-leads-to-altered-empathic-responding
#12
Lize De Coster, Jan R Wiersema, Eliane Deschrijver, Marcel Brass
Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is associated with problems in empathy. Recent research suggests that impaired control over self-other overlap based on motor representations in individuals with autism spectrum disorder might underlie these difficulties. In order to investigate the relationship of self-other distinction and empathy for pain in high-functioning autism and matched controls, we manipulated self-other distinction by using a paradigm in which participants are either imitated or not by a hand on a computer screen...
June 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674390/empathy-skill-dependent-modulation-of-working-memory-by-painful-scene
#13
Mo Chen, Yuan-Zheng Wang, Chen-Chen Ma, Qi-Ze Li, Han Zhou, Jie Fu, Qian-Qian Yang, Yong-Mei Zhang, Yu Liu, Jun-Li Cao
As an important online information retaining and processing function, working memory plays critical roles in many other cognitive functions. Several long-term factors, such as age, addiction and diseases, have been affirmed to impair working memory, but whether or how the short-term factors, like painful stimuli or emotions, regulate the human working memory ability is not well explored. Here we investigated the influences of empathic pain on upcoming working memory and existing working memory, by presenting human subjects with the pictures depicting painful or neutral scene...
July 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662625/oxycodone-in-palliative-care-art-and-empathy-still-have-a-place
#14
William P Tormey
A 47-year-old woman who was receiving palliative care for metastatic breast cancer, which included oxycodone, was found dead in bed. The femoral blood level of oxycodone at autopsy was 1200 µg/L, which is a value within the lethal range. Could the cause of death be attributed to misadventure or suicide? Would the coroner consider a recommendation of therapeutic drug monitoring in palliative care which could have a serious negative impact on pain relief practice? A narrative verdict was the outcome linking the primary cause of death with the drug cocktail found at autopsy...
January 2017: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645415/pain-and-empathy
#15
EDITORIAL
Joshua C Lerner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632770/men-women%C3%A2-who-cares-a-population-based-study-on-sex-differences-and-gender-roles-in-empathy-and-moral-cognition
#16
Sandra Baez, Daniel Flichtentrei, María Prats, Ricardo Mastandueno, Adolfo M García, Marcelo Cetkovich, Agustín Ibáñez
Research on sex differences in empathy has revealed mixed findings. Whereas experimental and neuropsychological measures show no consistent sex effect, self-report data consistently indicates greater empathy in women. However, available results mainly come from separate populations with relatively small samples, which may inflate effect sizes and hinder comparability between both empirical corpora. To elucidate the issue, we conducted two large-scale studies. First, we examined whether sex differences emerge in a large population-based sample (n = 10,802) when empathy is measured with an experimental empathy-for-pain paradigm...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615963/frequency-dependent-changes-in-sensorimotor-and-pain-affective-systems-induced-by-empathy-for-pain
#17
Yoshimasa Motoyama, Katsuya Ogata, Sumio Hoka, Shozo Tobimatsu
BACKGROUND: Empathy for pain helps us to understand the pain of others indirectly. To better comprehend the processing of empathic pain, we report the frequency-dependent modulation of cortical oscillations induced by watching movies depicting pain using high-density electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), and motor evoked potentials (MEP). METHODS: Event-related desynchronization of EEG and MEG was assessed while participants viewed videos of painful (needle) or neutral (cotton swab) situations...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607375/the-role-of-touch-in-regulating-inter-partner-physiological-coupling-during-empathy-for-pain
#18
Pavel Goldstein, Irit Weissman-Fogel, Simone G Shamay-Tsoory
The human ability to synchronize with other individuals is critical for the development of social behavior. Recent research has shown that physiological inter-personal synchronization may underlie behavioral synchrony. Nevertheless, the factors that modulate physiological coupling are still largely unknown. Here we suggest that social touch and empathy for pain may enhance interpersonal physiological coupling. Twenty-two romantic couples were assigned the roles of target (pain receiver) and observer (pain observer) under pain/no-pain and touch/no-touch conditions, and their ECG and respiration rates were recorded...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606909/-treated-as-a-number-not-treated-as-a-person-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-perceived-barriers-to-effective-pain-management-of-patients-with-chronic-pain
#19
Muhammad Abdul Hadi, David Phillip Alldred, Michelle Briggs, Kathryn Marczewski, S José Closs
OBJECTIVES: To identify barriers to effective pain management encountered by patients with chronic pain within the UK's National Health Service (NHS). DESIGN: Secondary analysis of face-to-face, semistructured qualitative interviews using thematic analysis. SETTING: A community-based chronic pain clinic jointly managed by a nurse and pharmacist located in the North of England. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen adult (>18 years) patients with chronic pain discharged from a pain clinic, with the ability to understand and speak the English language...
June 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604575/my-child-my-patient
#20
Rashmi Kumar
Many times, we make decisions in our lives that have unanticipated impacts. Decisions made can change our careers and outlook toward life. As a younger doctor, I considered illness and disease abstractions, and good management with optimal outcomes for the patient was our focus, as we strive toward our professional goals. But having experienced the real pain and helplessness that patients and their parents undergo during critical illnesses, the importance of empathy together with the knowledge and skills needed to treat a child should never be undervalued...
August 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
keyword
keyword
42337
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"