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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080083/the-empathy-impulse-a-multinomial-model-of-intentional-and-unintentional-empathy-for-pain
#1
C Daryl Cameron, Victoria L Spring, Andrew R Todd
Empathy for pain is often described as automatic. Here, we used implicit measurement and multinomial modeling to formally quantify unintentional empathy for pain: empathy that occurs despite intentions to the contrary. We developed the pain identification task (PIT), a sequential priming task wherein participants judge the painfulness of target experiences while trying to avoid the influence of prime experiences. Using multinomial modeling, we distinguished 3 component processes underlying PIT performance: empathy toward target stimuli (Intentional Empathy), empathy toward prime stimuli (Unintentional Empathy), and bias to judge target stimuli as painful (Response Bias)...
January 12, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072040/altered-empathy-for-psychological-and-physical-pain-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#2
Vera Flasbeck, Björn Enzi, Martin Brüne
Many patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) experience difficulties in empathizing with others and are sensitive to social exclusion. Accordingly, the authors developed a novel Social Interaction Empathy Task to examine empathy for physical and psychological pain from first- and third-person perspectives. Fifty female patients with BPD and forty-eight controls matched for age and gender were included. Alexithymia was also measured. Patients with BPD rated neutral and psychologically painful situations as more painful than healthy controls, and patients with BPD rated psychological pain as more intense in the first-person perspective than in the third-person perspective...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057925/decreased-empathy-response-to-other-people-s-pain-in-bipolar-disorder-evidence-from-an-event-related-potential-study
#3
Jingyue Yang, Xinglong Hu, Xiaosi Li, Lei Zhang, Yi Dong, Xiang Li, Chunyan Zhu, Wen Xie, Jingjing Mu, Su Yuan, Jie Chen, Fangfang Chen, Fengqiong Yu, Kai Wang
Bipolar disorder (BD) patients often demonstrate poor socialization that may stem from a lower capacity for empathy. We examined the associated neurophysiological abnormalities by comparing event-related potentials (ERP) between 30 BD patients in different states and 23 healthy controls (HCs, matched for age, sex, and education) during a pain empathy task. Subjects were presented pictures depicting pain or neutral images and asked to judge whether the person shown felt pain (pain task) and to identify the affected side (laterality task) during ERP recording...
January 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993262/-the-recognition-of-emotions-empathy-and-moral-judgment-in-the-national-mental-health-survey-in-colombia-2015
#4
Diana Matallana, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Paulina Ramirez, Nathalie Tamayo Martínez, Martin Rondon
BACKGROUND: Social cognition refers to the mental processes involved in social interactions. Different aspects, such as the perception of others, self-knowledge, motivation and the cultural context, can modulate empathy responses and moral judgments regarding the actions of others. The National Mental Health Survey (ENSM for its acronym in Spanish) explored aspects of social cognition such as the perception of emotions, empathy and moral judgment in situations in which another person experiences pain...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993224/maternal-depression-across-the-first-years-of%C3%A2-life-impacts-the-neural-basis-of-empathy-in%C3%A2-preadolescence
#5
Maayan Pratt, Abraham Goldstein, Jonathan Levy, Ruth Feldman
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to maternal depression across the first years of life markedly increases children's susceptibility to psychopathology, yet no study has tested its effects on the maturation of children's social brain. METHOD: Using a birth cohort of mothers with no contextual risk (N = 1,983), families were followed at 7 time points from birth to 11 years and repeatedly assessed for maternal depression across the first 6 years to form 2 cohorts: mothers continuously depressed from birth to 6 years and controls without depression...
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798249/increased-neural-responses-to-empathy-for-pain-might-explain-how-acute-stress-increases-prosociality
#6
L Tomova, J Majdandžić, A Hummer, C Windischberger, M Heinrichs, C Lamm
Recent behavioral investigations suggest that acute stress can increase prosocial behavior. Here, we investigated whether increased empathy represents a potential mechanism for this finding. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we assessed the effects of acute stress on neural responses related to automatic and regulatory components of empathy for pain as well as subsequent prosocial behavior. Stress increased activation in brain areas associated with the automatic sharing of others' pain, such as the anterior insula, the anterior midcingulate cortex, and the primary somatosensory cortex...
October 19, 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769812/comorbid-chronic-pain-and-depression-patient-perspectives-on-empathy
#7
Elizabeth A Sternke, Kathleen Abrahamson, Matthew J Bair
Clinician empathy is a well-documented component of effective patient/provider communication. Evidence surrounding the association between patient perspectives on clinician empathy and perception of pain management is currently limited, particularly among patients with chronic pain and depression. The aim of this study was to analyze patients' perspectives on the emergent theme of empathy and describe how patients construct their experiences and expectations surrounding empathic interactions. A secondary analysis of focus group data was designed using grounded theory methodology...
December 2016: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762611/gift-giving-in-the-podiatric-medical-student-patient-relationship
#8
Daniel López López, Paula Torreiro Pazo, Marta E Losa Iglesias, Ricardo Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo
We sought to explore the relationship between the podiatric medical student and the patient as it relates to the act of gift-giving as a sign of gratefulness for the services provided. This article presents the clinical case of a man who visited a podiatric medical student because of pain in his feet and subsequently presented the student with several gifts. Philanthropy, empathy, a positive attitude, treatment instructions, and the time devoted to the patient are some of the reasons why patients offer gifts to podiatric medical students...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739448/self-other-distinction-enhanced-empathic-responses-in-individuals-with-alexithymia
#9
Natsuki Saito, Takemasa Yokoyama, Hideki Ohira
Although empathy is important for social interactions, individuals with alexithymia have low empathic ability, particularly where advanced empathy is concerned (empathic concern, perspective taking). It has been argued that awareness of the self-other distinction enhances advanced empathy, and alexithymics are thought to inadequately distinguish the self from others. We therefore tested whether the self-other distinction increases advanced empathy in alexithymics. To this end, we presented painful hand images over participants' own hands, and required participants to estimate felt pain intensity and their affective states...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720886/maternal-cortical-response-to-baby-pain-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms
#10
Stefano Bembich, Cristina Vecchiet, Gabriele Cont, Cristina Sustersic, Francesca Valencak, Sergio Demarini
Decreased maternal empathic abilities toward infants have been reported with postpartum depression (PPD). The aims of this study were: (1) To identify mothers' cortical regions activated by the observation of their own newborn's pain; (2) To study the relation between such cortical activation and PPD symptoms. By optical topography, a functional neuroimaging system, we assessed mothers' cortical activation when watching their own newborns during a heel-prick. PPD symptoms and newborn's pain expression were also assessed...
October 5, 2016: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707814/acetaminophen-study-yields-new-insights-into-neurobiological-underpinnings-of-empathy
#11
John Tully, Marija M Petrinovic
Empathy is a cornerstone of social behavior, impairments of which are characteristic of neuropsychiatric disorders such as autism and psychopathy. According to the "shared representations" theory, empathy relies upon neural processes similar to those underpinning the first-hand experience of a given emotion. A recent study by Mischkowski et al. (2016) provides novel insights into neurobiological underpinnings of empathy by demonstrating that acetaminophen, a widely-used painkiller, reduces empathy for other's physical and social pain...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676808/interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-chronic-pain
#12
Xavier Gocko
OBJECTIVE: In France, chronic pain prevalence, causing professional or domestic activity restriction, increases with age, and reaches more than 60% people over 85 years old. In 2006, 40% of patients suffering from chronic pain are still not satisfied with practioners' monitoring and therefore multiply consultations. The aim of this study was to analyse the phenomenon of chronic pain, thanks to patients' experience and consciousness of their own situations. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This qualitative phenomenological study had the objective to enter in patients' "singular universe" by using two-fold hermeneutics, both empathic and critical...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643572/empathy-for-pain-influences-perceptual-and-motor-processing-evidence-from-response-force-erps-and-eeg-oscillations
#13
Sarah Fabi, Hartmut Leuthold
In the present study we investigated the nature and chronometry of empathy for pain influences on perceptual and motor processes. Thus, event-related brain potentials (ERPs), response force (RF) and oscillatory electroencephalography (EEG) activity were measured while participants were presented with pictures of body parts in painful or neutral situations. Their task consisted in either judging the painfulness of the stimuli or counting the body parts displayed. ERP results supported the assumption of an early automatic component of empathy for pain, as reflected by the early posterior negativity (EPN), and of a late controlled component, as reflected by the late posterior positivity (P3)...
September 28, 2016: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568587/the-selfless-mind-how-prefrontal-involvement-in-mentalizing-with-similar-and-dissimilar-others-shapes-empathy-and-prosocial-behavior
#14
Jasminka Majdandžić, Sandra Amashaufer, Allan Hummer, Christian Windischberger, Claus Lamm
Engaging in mentalizing, i.e., reflecting on others' thoughts, beliefs and feelings, is known to facilitate later empathy and prosocial behavior. Activation in dorsomedial prefrontal (dmPFC) areas during mentalizing has been shown to predict the extent of prosocial behavior. It is unclear, however, what cognitive process drives these effects: a simulation process in which the own mental states are used as a proxy for those of others (self-projection) or an effortful other-enhancement process in which one's own perspective is overridden...
December 2016: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561307/the-effect-of-social-observational-learning-empathy-and-catastrophizing-in-chronic-pain-patients-during-acute-pain-induction
#15
Dmitry Y Yakunchikov, Camille J Olechowski, Mark K Simmonds, Michelle J Verrier, Saifudin Rashiq, Lachlan A McWilliams, Igor A Sobolev, Bruce D Dick
: OBJECTIVE : In this study, we were interested in determining whether we could alter a pain response in a chronic pain patient population by exposing participants to different videos prior to inducing acute pain. DESIGN : This observational case series study required participants to report their pain level during the cold pressor task after viewing an instruction video. SETTING:  Recruitment and testing took place in a tertiary care multidisciplinary pain center...
August 24, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549133/deliberate-or-unintended-intentions-modulate-empathic-responses-to-others-economic-payoffs-in-social-interactions
#16
Qingguo Ma, Liang Meng, Qiang Shen
Previous studies examining empathy have revealed the neural substrates of how the physical pain of others is represented in the human brain. However, little is known about the empathic modulation of behavioral and neural responses to others' economic payoffs, especially in the social context. In the present study, we engaged participants in a revised Dictator Game as observers who observe the powerless players receiving varied offers proposed by the dominant players, establishing the link between empathy and fairness perception...
August 23, 2016: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493478/the-perception-and-estimation-of-others-pain-according-to-children
#17
Mathieu Grégoire, Rosée Bruneau-Bhérer, Karine Morasse, Fanny Eugène, Philip L Jackson
Accurate interpretation of pain expressed by others is important for socialization; however, the development of this skill in children is still poorly understood. Empathy for pain models propose two main components (affective and cognitive), which develop at different stages of life. The study's objective was to investigate the children's ability between 3 and 12 years of age to detect and assess the pain intensity in others using visual stimuli depicting either facial expressions of pain or hands in painful contexts...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492300/-a-chinese-philosophical-foundation-for-the-sacred-mission-of-nurses-the-ways-of-heaven-and-life-are-correlated
#18
Mei-Hsiu Lee
Clinical nursing practice uses professional nursing techniques, empathy, and moral judgment to help relieve the pain of patients who are suffering physically or mentally from trauma or illness. Thus, nursing involves sacred tasks. According to Confucian reasoning, morality is expressed through everyday actions. Providing care to patients arouses concern and sympathy in the caregiver, which induces him or her to fully apply professional knowledge to this task. This conduct demonstrates the moral conscience of nurses...
August 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487288/injustice-experience-questionnaire-japanese-version-cross-cultural-factor-structure-comparison-and-demographics-associated-with-perceived-injustice
#19
Keiko Yamada, Tomonori Adachi, Akira Mibu, Tomohiko Nishigami, Yasushi Motoyama, Hironobu Uematsu, Yoichi Matsuda, Hitoaki Sato, Kenichi Hayashi, Renzhe Cui, Yumiko Takao, Masahiko Shibata, Hiroyasu Iso
OBJECTIVE: The Injustice Experience Questionnaire (IEQ) assesses injury-related perceived injustice. This study aimed to (1) develop a Japanese version (IEQ-J), (2) examine its factor structure, validity, and reliability, and (3) discover which demographic variable(s) positively contributed to prediction of IEQ-J scores. METHODS: Data from 71 patients (33 male, 38 female; age = 20+) with injury pain were employed to investigate factor structure by exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484421/-the-placebo-effects-of-good-communication
#20
L M van Vliet, S van Dulmen, P Mistiaen, J M Bensing
- Good communication is important for patients and can elicit placebo effects: true psychobiological effects not attributable to the medical-technical intervention.- It is, however, often unclear which communication behaviours influence specific patient outcomes.- In this article we present insights into the potential effect of specific communication, via specific mechanisms, on specific patient outcomes, including patients' perception of pain.- A recent systematic review and additional literature demonstrate that (a) manipulating patients' expectations, (b) demonstrating empathy, and (c) providing procedural information, might influence patient outcomes...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
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