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Neck trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228883/posttraumatic-mandibular-asymmetry-presenting-in-a-young-adult
#1
Mahnaz Sheikhi, Maryam Ghazizadeh, Mohammad Mahdi Salehi
One of the most common sites of injury of the facial skeleton is mandibular condyle. However, it is the least diagnosed site of trauma in the head and neck regions. A trauma to the mandible and specifically condylar zone during childhood, may lead to asymmetry or mandibular bilateral distortion, which is usually manifested in the second decade of life when the etiology is unknown to most people. This report is about an adult male complaining about facial asymmetry with an unknown source. Obvious clicking at the right side and shorter right ramus and condyle's head deviation directed us to a childhood trauma and fracture...
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213865/location-of-vertebral-fractures-is-associated-with-bone-mineral-density-and-history-of-traumatic-injury
#2
Jennifer Watt, Richard Crilly
The upper and lower thoracolumbar spine have been associated with different biomechanical outcomes. This concept, as it applies to osteoporotic fracture risk, has not been well documented. This was a case-control study of 120 patients seen in an osteoporosis clinic. Vertebral fractures were identified from lateral radiographs using Genant's semi-quantitative assessment method. An association between bone mineral density (BMD) T-scores and vertebral fracture location was assessed. In an additional analysis, the association between a history of any traumatic injury and possible predictor variables was also explored...
February 17, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211004/point-of-care-ultrasound-and-doppler-ultrasound-evaluation-of-vascular-injuries-in-penetrating-and-blunt-trauma
#3
REVIEW
Miguel Angel Montorfano, Fernando Pla, Leonardo Vera, Omar Cardillo, Stefano Geniere Nigra, Lisandro Miguel Montorfano
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to describe point-of-care ultrasound and Color flow Duplex Doppler characteristics of penetrating and blunt trauma-related vascular injuries of the limbs and neck. METHODS: Penetrating and blunt trauma-related vascular injuries such as vein disruption, intimal flap, deep vein thrombosis, arterial dissection, pseudoaneurysm, and arteriovenous fistulae are discussed in this manuscript. Images of the most significant lesions of our personal clinical experience are presented to illustrate point-of-care ultrasound and Color flow Duplex Doppler ultrasound findings...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198209/a-report-of-sexual-abuse-in-an-afghan-refugee-boy-in-iran
#4
Naimeh Farhidnia, Nahid Dadashzadeh Asl, Azadeh Memarian
All children have the right to complete and integrated physical and psychological protection against abuse. The most important reason and risk factors for child abuse are social causes including poor familial support, poverty, mood disorders in the family, and addiction. Here, we report a case of child abuse of an Afghan child in Iran with a background of mood disturbances who presented with multiple trauma and injury. A nine-year-old Afghan boy was described with multiple injuries on neck, upper and lower extremities, and trunk...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194710/exchangeable-femoral-neck-dual-modular-tha-prostheses-have-poorer-survivorship-than-other-designs-a-nationwide-cohort-of-324-108-patients
#5
Sandrine Colas, Assia Allalou, Antoine Poichotte, Philippe Piriou, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Mahmoud Zureik
BACKGROUND: Exchangeable neck stems, defined as those with a dual taper (that is, a modular junction between the femoral head and the femoral neck and an additional junction between the neck and the stem body), were introduced in THA to improve restoration of joint biomechanics (restoring anteversion, offset, and limb length) and reduce the risk of dislocation. However exchangeable necks have been reported to result in adverse effects such as stem fractures and acute local tissue reaction...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192271/ventral-spontaneous-durotomy-following-vaginal-delivery
#6
Nitin Agarwal, Ahmed I Kashkoush, Arpan V Prabhu, Raymond F Sekula
INTRODUCTION: Dural breaches have a diverse etiology, including spontaneous rupture and trauma. Most cases resolve with bedrest, though in refractory cases an epidural blood patch can be placed to obstruct further leakage. Here, we discuss a unique case of a spontaneous ventral durotomy following vaginal delivery managed with injections of autologous blood through bilateral transforaminal needles. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A previously healthy 36-year-old pregnant female presented to the inpatient maternity ward with positional occipital headaches and neck pain 24 hours following normal spontaneous vaginal delivery...
February 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190553/cervical-spine-imaging-for-young-children-with-inflicted-trauma-expanding-the-injury-pattern
#7
Joanne Baerg, Arul Thirumoorthi, Rosemary Vannix, Asma Taha, Amy Young, Alexander Zouros
AIM: The purpose of this study was to document the incidence and pattern of cervical spine (c-spine) injuries in children below 36months with inflicted trauma. METHODS: An IRB approved, prospective cohort study was performed between July 2011 and January 2016. Inclusion criteria were: age below 36months, loss of consciousness after inflicted trauma, and one initial head computed tomography finding: a subdural, intraventricular, intraparenchymal, subarachnoid hemorrhage, diffuse axonal injury, hypoxic injury, or cerebral edema...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183726/injury-region-and-risk-of-hospital-acquired-pneumonia-among-pediatric-trauma-patients
#8
Gretchen J Cutler, Anupam B Kharbanda, Jeffrey Nowak, Henry W Ortega
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between injury region and risk of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) in pediatric trauma patients. METHODS: Analyses included patients <19 years of age from the National Trauma Data Bank, during 2009-2011. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the association between injury region and odds of developing HAP stratified by age group. RESULTS: A total of 71 377 patients were eligible for analysis, and 1818 patients developed pneumonia...
February 9, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180117/effect-of-neck-collar-fixation-on-ventilation-in-multiple-trauma-patients
#9
Farzad Rahmani, Mahboob Pouraghaei, Payman Moharamzadeh, Ebrahim Mashhadi
BACKGROUND: According to the guidelines for treatment of multiple trauma patients, immobilization of the neck and neck collar fixation are essential. However, following neck collar fixation patients usually experience dyspnea. Some studies have found that neck collar fixation can lead to decreased pulmonary volumes, yet there have been no studies on the effect of neck collar fixation on patient ventilation. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of neck collar fixation on ventilation in multiple trauma patients...
September 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166167/stepwise-percutaneous-leverage-technique-to-avoid-posterior-interosseous-nerve-injury-in-pediatric-radial-neck-fracture
#10
Wan-Sun Choi, Kyeong-Jin Han, Doo-Hyung Lee, Ga-Eun Lee, Heon-Ju Kweon, Jae-Ho Cho
OBJECTIVES: To introduce a stepwise percutaneous leverage technique to avoid posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) injury in pediatric patients with radial neck fractures and to evaluate the clinical outcome and the predisposing factors affecting the outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective case series study. SETTING: University level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS: Thirty-four children with a radial neck fracture, who were treated using a stepwise percutaneous leverage technique, were included in the study...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151456/comparison-of-two-approaches-to-lateral-osteotomy-in-saudi-patients
#11
Ahmad A Mirza, Osama A Marglani, Mian U Farooq, Talal A Al-Khatib, Waed S Jameel, Noran A Sultan, Mohammed S Aly
BACKGROUND: Nasal deformity is an abnormality in the appearance of the nose due to either congenital defect or trauma. In traumatic cases, patients often present with combined functional and cosmetic complaints. Therefore, otolaryngologists take into account both breathing and aesthetic nasal issues. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the changes in the nasal dorsum and base; compare breathing and aesthetic satisfaction scores between two approaches to lateral nasal osteotomy: low-to-low and low-to-high...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141768/atlantoaxial-rotatory-subluxation-in-children
#12
Elizabeth C Powell, Jeffrey R Leonard, Cody S Olsen, David M Jaffe, Jennifer Anders, Julie C Leonard
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric cervical injuries are uncommon. This study was to describe injury circumstances, clinical findings, and management among children diagnosed with atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation (AARS) to aid in its recognition and management. METHODS: Subanalysis of a large case-control study from January 2000 to December 2004 in 17 hospitals in the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network was performed. Cases were children younger than 16 years with AARS after blunt trauma (n = 55); controls were (a) children with other cervical spine injuries (other CSI, n = 485) and (b) those with normal imaging of the cervical spine (non-CSI, n = 1060)...
February 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139306/acute-neck-pain-in-the-emergency-department-consider-longus-colli-calcific-tendinitis-vs-meningitis
#13
Tyag K Patel, James C Weis
Presented here is a rare cause of severe neck pain - acute longus colli calcific tendinitis - in a 54year old man who presented to the emergency department. The neck pain is due to inflammation caused by calcium hydroxyapatite crystal deposition in the tendons on the longus colli muscles. This is non-infectious. The gold standard for diagnosis is a CT neck which best shows the calcifications in the anterior vertebral column of C1-C4, where the tendons of these muscles insert bilaterally. Longus colli calcific tendinitis is not life-threatening and patients will make a full recovery after treatment with NSAIDs...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138718/preceding-and-subsequent-high-and-low-trauma-fracture-patterns-a-13-year-epidemiological-study-in-females-and-males-in-austria
#14
C Muschitz, R Kocijan, A Baierl, R Dormann, X Feichtinger, J Haschka, M Szivak, G K Muschitz, J Schanda, P Pietschmann, H Resch, H P Dimai
: This study investigated the implication of a preceding high-trauma fracture on subsequent high- and low-trauma fractures at different skeletal sites in postmenopausal women and similarly aged men at an age range of 54 to 70 years. A preceding high-trauma fracture increases the risk of future low-trauma non-vertebral fractures including hip. INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the impact of the skeletal fracture site in conjunction with the severity of a past fracture (high- or low-trauma preceding fracture) and its effect on future fracture risk...
January 30, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129693/sex-based-differences-in-pain-distribution-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-persistent-post-traumatic-neck-pain
#15
Hans Westergren, Johan Larsson, Michael Freeman, Anna Carlsson, Anna Jöud, Eva-Maj Malmström
OBJECTIVES: To analyze a cohort of 745 consecutive patients referred to a regional specialist clinic for evaluation of post-traumatic neck pain during a five-year period. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study of baseline assessments performed by multi-professional rehabilitation teams according to a standardized checklist. RESULTS: The cohort contained nearly twice as many females as males (64% versus 36%). The type of injury did not differ between sexes...
January 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126713/management-of-subacute-airway-emergency-after-blunt-neck-trauma
#16
Emily Lowe, Sachin Patil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 26, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122899/chylopericardium-with-symptoms-of-tamponade-on-the-grounds-of-extensive-neck-vein-thrombosis
#17
Marco Nardini, Emmanuel Katsogridakis, Marcello Migliore, Joel Dunning
Chylopericardium is a recognized complication of thoracic trauma, surgery or malignancy. Idiopathic or primary presentations, however, are rarely encountered in clinical practice. The severity of its presentation varies from the complete absence of symptoms to cardiac tamponade. We present the case of a 23-year-old woman with chylopericardium and extensive neck vein thrombosis that was managed surgically with a pericardial window.
January 24, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121674/violence-related-versus-terror-related-stabbings-significant-differences-in-injury-characteristics
#18
Michael Rozenfeld, Adi Givon, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the gap between injury epidemiology of terror-related stabbings (TRS) and non-terror-related intentional stabbings. BACKGROUND: Terror attacks with sharp instruments have multiplied recently, with many victims of these incidents presented to hospitals with penetrating injuries. Because most practical experience of surgeons with intentional stabbing injuries comes from treating victims of interpersonal violence, potential gaps in knowledge may exist if injuries from TRS significantly differ from interpersonal stabbings (IPS)...
January 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121390/oral-facial-tissue-reconstruction-in-the-regenerative-axolotl
#19
Andre M Charbonneau, Stephane Roy, Simon D Tran
Absence of large amounts of orofacial tissues caused by cancerous resections, congenital defects, or trauma results in sequelae such as dysphagia and noticeable scars. Oral-neck tissue regeneration was studied in the axolotl (regenerative amphibian) following a 2.5-mm punch biopsy that simultaneously removed skin, connective tissue, muscle, and cartilage in the tongue and intermandibular region. The untreated wound was studied macroscopically and histologically at 17 different time points ranging from 0 to180 days (N = 120 axolotls)...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120256/osteoporosis-among-hospitalized-patients-with-proximal-femoral-fractures-in-assiut-university-trauma-unit-egypt
#20
Osama Farouk, Dalia G Mahran, Hatem G Said, Mohamed M Alaa, Amr Eisa, Hisham Imam, G Z Said
: The study was done to investigate osteoporosis prevalence in 275 hip fracture admissions at the Trauma Unit of Assiut University Hospitals and associated factors, which are understudied in our locality. Prevalence was 74.9%. Female sex, older age, low body mass index, and fall on the ground were associated with osteoporosis. PURPOSE: This study aims to identify osteoporosis prevalence in hip fracture admissions at the Trauma Unit of Assiut University Hospitals and to study the independent correlates of osteoporosis-related fracture...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
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