keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

AYA

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236176/na18f-accumulates-on-the-compressive-side-of-peri-implant-bone-under-immediate-loading
#1
Miou Yamamoto, Toru Ogawa, Masayoshi Yokoyama, Yoshihito Funaki, Kenta Shobara, Aya Shibamoto, Juan Ramón Vanegas Sáenz, Keiichi Sasaki
This study aimed to examine the dynamic change in bone metabolism by immediate loading in several sites around implants using high-resolution Na18F-PET scan. Two titanium implants (Ø 1.2 mm) were inserted parallel to each other in the right tibiae of Wistar rats (n = 4). The left tibia was set as control side. One day after insertion, closed coil springs of 4.0 N were attached to the expose superior portions of the implants to apply a continuous mechanical stress. The rats with fluorine-18 (18F) ion (5 mCi/rat) intravenously injected were scanned by PET scanner at 4, 7, 14, 28 days after load application...
December 13, 2017: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233459/invasive-meningococcal-disease-due-to-ciprofloxacin-resistant-neisseria-meningitidis-sequence-type-4821-the-first-case-in-japan
#2
Yu Kawasaki, Kousaku Matsubara, Hideyuki Takahashi, Masatomo Morita, Makoto Ohnishi, Masayuki Hori, Kenichi Isome, Aya Iwata, Hiroyuki Nigami, Mami Ikemachi, Go Yamamoto, Kiyofumi Ohkusu
We present a 4-year-old girl who developed invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C sequence type (ST)-4821. She was hospitalized due to fever, vomiting, rash and altered consciousness. Serogroup C N. meningitidis was isolated from blood culture taken on admission and was confirmed by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, a biochemical test, and molecular microbiological analysis. The patient was successfully treated with 50 mg/kg ceftriaxone every 12 hours for 7 days without any complications...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232014/mutations-of-the-glycine-cleavage-system-genes-possibly-affect-the-negative-symptoms-of-schizophrenia-through-metabolomic-profile-changes
#3
Akane Yoshikawa, Fumichika Nishimura, Aya Inai, Yosuke Eriguchi, Masaki Nishioka, Atsuhiko Takaya, Mamoru Tochigi, Yoshiya Kawamura, Tadashi Umekage, Kayoko Kato, Tsukasa Sasaki, Yoshiaki Ohashi, Kazuya Iwamoto, Kiyoto Kasai, Chihiro Kakiuchi
AIM: Hypofunction of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) may contribute to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia (SCZ). Recently, the glycine cleavage system (GCS) was shown to affect NMDAR function in the brain. GCS functional defects cause nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH), the atypical phenotype of which presents psychiatric symptoms similar to SCZ. Here, we examined the involvement of GCS in SCZ. METHODS: First, to identify the rare variants and the exonic deletions, we re-sequenced all the coding exons and the splice sites of four GCS genes (GLDC, AMT, GCSH, DLD) in 474 patients with SCZ and 475 controls and performed multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analysis in SCZ...
December 12, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229714/testing-and-treatment-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-canada-funding-models-must-change
#4
Sachin R Pendharkar, Marcus Povitz, Nick Bansback, Charles F P George, Debra Morrison, Najib T Ayas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227462/psychiatric-disorders-antiretroviral-medication-adherence-and-viremia-in-a-cohort-of-perinatally-hiv-infected-adolescents-and-young-adults
#5
Amelia Bucek, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Stephanie Benson, Patricia Warne, Elaine J Abrams, Katherine S Elkington, Curtis Dolezal, Andrew Wiznia, Claude Ann Mellins
BACKGROUND: Perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV+) adolescents and young adults (AYA) are at risk for sub-optimal antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, and mental health and substance use problems that, in HIV-infected adults, predict non-adherence. Studies on the relationship between psychiatric and substance use disorders (SUD) and adherence among PHIV+ AYA are limited, but may be important to informing evidence-based interventions to promote adherence. METHODS: Data were analyzed from three annual follow-up interviews (FU2-4, N=179) in a longitudinal study of PHIV+ AYA...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225854/tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-and-rituximab-chop-treatment-for-concurrent-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-and-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-case-report
#6
Yuki Takeyasu, Atsushi Satake, Yoshiko Azuma, Yukie Tsubokura, Hideaki Yoshimura, Masaaki Hotta, Takahisa Nakanishi, Shinya Fujita, Aya Nakaya, Tomoki Ito, Shosaku Nomura
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma can occur concurrently with chronic phase-chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) at initial diagnosis. Combination treatment with second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors and rituximab-CHOP for patients newly diagnosed with CML and non-Hodgkin lymphoma is effective for both diseases. However, we found that this treatment combination may induce severe myelosuppression.
December 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225285/evaluation-of-probiotic-and-prebiotic-like-effects-of-bacillus-subtilis-bn-on-growth-of-lactobacilli
#7
Masanori Horie, Taisuke Koike, Sakiko Sugino, Aya Umeno, Yasukazu Yoshida
The aim of this study was to determine the probiotic and the prebiotic-like properties of Bacillus subtilis BN, a spore-forming bacterium, also known as "natto-kin", which is used for making the Japanese fermented food, natto. We used the spores and vegetative cells of this strain and compared their effects on the growth of lactobacilli. Culture supernatant from B. subtilis BN was added to a glucose-free MRS medium used to culture lactobacilli. When lactobacilli were cultured in the supernatant-containing medium, growth was improved...
December 8, 2017: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225247/hypercalcemia-after-the-discontinuation-of-medroxyprogesterone-acetate
#8
Erina Yuasa-Shibasaki, Sumiyasu Ishii, Shunichi Matsumoto, Takuya Tomaru, Kazuhiko Horiguchi, Aya Osaki, Atsushi Ozawa, Nobuyuki Shibusawa, Tetsurou Satoh, Masanobu Yamada
A 39-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with symptoms of general fatigue, nausea, and vomiting that appeared three months after she stopped seven years of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) medication for endometrial stromal sarcoma. Laboratory tests demonstrated moderate hypercalcemia. Several tests demonstrated that she was suffering from adrenal insufficiency. Glucocorticoid supplementation decreased her calcium level to a normal range, indicating that hypercalcemia was induced by adrenal insufficiency...
December 8, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225167/adenovirus-infection-induces-hur-relocalization-to-facilitate-virus-replication
#9
Jumond P Jehung, Tetsuya Kitamura, Aya Yanagawa-Matsuda, Takeshi Kuroshima, Alam Towfik, Motoaki Yasuda, Hidehiko Sano, Yoshimasa Kitagawa, Kazuyuki Minowa, Masanobu Shindoh, Fumihiro Higashino
HuR is an RNA-binding protein of the embryonic lethal abnormal vision (ELAV) family, which binds to the AU-rich element (ARE) in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of certain mRNAs and is involved in the nucleo-cytoplasmic export and stabilization of ARE-mRNAs. The cytoplasmic relocalization of ARE-mRNAs with several proteins such as HuR and pp32 increases in cells transformed by the adenovirus oncogene product E4orf6. Additionally, these ARE-mRNAs were stabilized and acquired the potential to transform cells...
December 7, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225065/an-unbiased-data-driven-age-related-structural-brain-parcellation-for-the-identification-of-intrinsic-brain-volume-changes-over-the-adult-lifespan
#10
Epifanio Bagarinao, Hirohisa Watanabe, Satoshi Maesawa, Daisuke Mori, Kazuhiro Hara, Kazuya Kawabata, Noritaka Yoneyama, Reiko Ohdake, Kazunori Imai, Michihito Masuda, Takamasa Yokoi, Aya Ogura, Toshihiko Wakabayashi, Masafumi Kuzuya, Norio Ozaki, Minoru Hoshiyama, Haruo Isoda, Shinji Naganawa, Gen Sobue
This study aims to elucidate age-related intrinsic brain volume changes over the adult lifespan using an unbiased data-driven structural brain parcellation. Anatomical brain images from a cohort of 293 healthy volunteers ranging in age from 21 - 86 years were analyzed using independent component analysis (ICA). ICA-based parcellation identified 192 component images, of which 174 (90.6%) showed a significant negative correlation with age and with some components being more vulnerable to aging effects than others...
December 7, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223883/analysis-of-mainland-japanese-and-okinawan-japanese-populations-using-the-precision-id-ancestry-panel
#11
Hiroaki Nakanishi, Vania Pereira, Claus Børsting, Toshimichi Yamamoto, Torben Tvedebrink, Masaaki Hara, Aya Takada, Kazuyuki Saito, Niels Morling
We typed 165 AIMs in 49 mainland Japanese and 47 Okinawa Japanese using the Precision ID Ancestry Panel (Thermo Fisher Scientific). None of the 165 SNPs showed significant deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in the mainland Japanese. One SNP (rs3943253) showed significant deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in Okinawa Japanese. Fisher's exact tests showed that the genotype frequencies of 14 loci were significantly different (p<0.05) between the two populations before correction for multiple testing...
December 6, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222598/information-needs-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-and-their-parent-carers
#12
Maria C McCarthy, Robyn McNeil, Sarah Drew, Lisa Orme, Susan M Sawyer
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore health-related information needs of adolescent and young adults (AYAs) and their parent-carers and to examine demographic and clinical variables associated with unmet information needs, including patient activation. METHODS: In a national cross-sectional study, 196 Australian AYAs diagnosed with cancer between 15 and 25 years and within 24 months of diagnosis and 204 parent-carers reported on total and unmet needs for cancer and health-related information...
December 8, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222184/phosphorylation-of-the-synaptonemal-complex-protein-syp-1-promotes-meiotic-chromosome-segregation
#13
Aya Sato-Carlton, Chihiro Nakamura-Tabuchi, Stephane Kazuki Chartrand, Tomoki Uchino, Peter Mark Carlton
Chromosomes that have undergone crossing over in meiotic prophase must maintain sister chromatid cohesion somewhere along their length between the first and second meiotic divisions. Although many eukaryotes use the centromere as a site to maintain cohesion, the holocentric organism Caenorhabditis elegans instead creates two chromosome domains of unequal length termed the short arm and long arm, which become the first and second site of cohesion loss at meiosis I and II. The mechanisms that confer distinct functions to the short and long arm domains remain poorly understood...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218796/impact-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-on-the-immune-microenvironment-in-advanced-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-prognostic-and-therapeutic-implications
#14
REVIEW
Aya S Khairallah, Catherine Genestie, Aurélie Auguste, Alexandra Leary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218302/canine-soft-tissue-sarcomas-can-being-a-dog-s-best-friend-help-a-child
#15
Bernard Séguin
Soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) remain a therapeutic challenge for pediatric and adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients. Still today, surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy remain the mainstay of treatment. Obstacles in developing new treatment approaches to improve the outcome are: few patients to enroll in clinical trials, and the diversity of tumor biology between histologic subtypes. Pet dogs may offer an additional strategy to discover and test new therapeutic avenues. The number of dogs diagnosed with a STS each year in the United States is estimated to be around 27,000 to 95,000...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217479/distinct-lipidomic-profiles-in-models-of-physiological-and-pathological-cardiac-remodeling-and-potential-therapeutic-strategies
#16
Yow Keat Tham, Kevin Huynh, Natalie A Mellett, Darren C Henstridge, Helen Kiriazis, Jenny Y Y Ooi, Aya Matsumoto, Natalie L Patterson, Junichi Sadoshima, Peter J Meikle, Julie R McMullen
Cardiac myocyte membranes contain lipids which remodel dramatically in response to heart growth and remodeling. Lipid species have both structural and functional roles. Physiological and pathological cardiac remodeling have very distinct phenotypes, and the identification of molecular differences represent avenues for therapeutic interventions. Whether the abundance of specific lipid classes is different in physiological and pathological models was largely unknown. The aim of this study was to determine whether distinct lipids are regulated in settings of physiological and pathological remodeling, and if so, whether modulation of differentially-regulated lipids could modulate heart size and function...
December 4, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217286/pediatric-protocol-of-multimodal-therapy-is-associated-with-improved-survival-in-ayas-and-adults-with-rhabdomyosarcoma
#17
Trevan D Fischer, Shrawan G Gaitonde, Bradley C Bandera, Mehul V Raval, Sanjeev A Vasudevan, Kenneth W Gow, Elizabeth A Beierle, John J Doski, Adam B Goldin, Monica Langer, Jed G Nuchtern, Stacey Stern, Leland J Foshag, Melanie Goldfarb
BACKGROUND: Multimodal therapy is the standard treatment for pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma, but for adolescents and young adults (AYAs: ages 15-39) and older adults with rhabdomyosarcoma, the use of adjuvant therapy is variable, and survival is greatly decreased compared with younger patients. METHODS: All patients with rhabdomyosarcoma who had a curative operative were identified from the 1998-2012 National Cancer Database. Regression analyses identified independent factors relating to receipt of multimodal therapy (resection + chemotherapy + radiation) and the influence of multimodal therapy on 5-year overall survival...
December 4, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212987/association-of-coronary-artery-calcification-with-estimated-coronary-heart-disease-risk-from-prediction-models-in-a-community-based-sample-of-japanese-men-the-shiga-epidemiological-study-of-subclinical-atherosclerosis-sessa
#18
Akira Fujiyoshi, Hisatomi Arima, Sachiko Tanaka-Mizuno, Takahashi Hisamatsu, Sayaka Kadowaki, Aya Kadota, Maryam Zaid, Akira Sekikawa, Takashi Yamamoto, Minoru Horie, Katsuyuki Miura, Hirotsugu Ueshima
AIM: The clinical significance of coronary artery calcification (CAC) is not fully determined in general East Asian populations where background coronary heart disease (CHD) is less common than in USA/Western countries. We cross-sectionally assessed the association between CAC and estimated CHD risk as well as each major risk factor in general Japanese men. METHODS: Participants were 996 randomly selected Japanese men aged 40-79 y, free of stroke, myocardial infarction, or revascularization...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211576/development-of-a-web-based-psychosocial-intervention-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-pediatric-brain-tumor
#19
Stacey P Raj, Megan E Narad, Ralph Salloum, Amber Platt, Aimee Thompson, Katherine T Baum, Shari L Wade
PURPOSE: To develop A Survivor's Journey, a web-based psychosocial intervention for adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors of pediatric brain tumors (PBTs). METHODS: Stages of development included focus groups with five AYA survivors (ages 16-23 years) and six parents to identify needs and challenges, as well as surveys and interviews with clinical care providers at a survivorship clinic. RESULTS: Concerns reported by AYA survivors, parents, and providers were similar to those reported in the literature, including fatigue, memory deficits, poor mood, health concerns, and challenging peer relationships...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209822/sodium-polyanethol-sulfonate-modulates-natural-transformation-of-sigh-expressing-staphylococcus-aureus
#20
Le Thuy Thi Nguyen, Aya J Takemura, Ryosuke L Ohniwa, Shinji Saito, Kazuya Morikawa
Expression of genes required for natural genetic competence in Staphylococcus aureus is controlled by an alternative transcription sigma factor, SigH. However, even in the SigH-expressing cells, the DNA transformation efficiency varies depending on culture conditions. We report here that cells grown in the competence-inducing medium (CS2 medium) exhibit enlarged morphology with disintegrated cell walls. Notably, an autolysis inhibitor, Sodium Polyanethol Sulfonate (SPS), facilitated transformation in CS2 medium in a dose-dependent manner, suggesting the involvement of the cell wall metabolism in transformation...
December 5, 2017: Current Microbiology
keyword
keyword
42332
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"