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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803816/midterm-adjusted-survival-comparing-the-best-performing-unicompartmental-and-total-knee-arthroplasties-in-a-registry
#1
Stefano A Bini, Guy Cafri, Monti Khatod
BACKGROUND: Recent literature suggests that the difference in revision risk between unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can be influenced by surgeon volume and other confounders. We hypothesized that implant selection might decrease the relative risk of revision in an adjusted model. METHODS: We selected the best performing (BP) primary UKAs and TKAs performed for osteoarthritis between January 2001 and December 2012 collected through a joint replacement registry...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803134/age-related-changes-of-physiological-performance-and-survivorship-of-bank-voles-selected-for-high-aerobic-capacity
#2
Agata Marta Rudolf, Maciej Jan Dańko, Edyta Teresa Sadowska, Geoffrey Dheyongera, Paweł Koteja
Variation in lifespans is an intriguing phenomenon, but how metabolic rate influence this variation remains unclear. High aerobic capacity can result in health benefits, but also in increased oxidative damage and accelerated ageing. We tested these contradictory predictions using bank voles (Myodes=Clethrionomys glareolus) from lines selected for high swim-induced aerobic metabolism (A), which had about 50% higher maximum metabolic rate and a higher basal and routine metabolic rates, than those from unselected control lines (C)...
August 9, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800919/similar-outcomes-after-osteochondral-allograft-transplantation-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-intact-and-reconstructed-knees-a-comparative-matched-group-analysis-with-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#3
Dean Wang, Claire D Eliasburg, Tim Wang, Ryan R Fader, Francesca R Coxe, Mollyann D Pais, Riley J Williams
PURPOSE: To compare failure rates and clinical outcomes of osteochondral allograft transplantation (OCA) in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-intact versus ACL-reconstructed knees at midterm follow-up. METHODS: After a priori power analysis, a prospective registry of patients treated with OCA for focal chondral lesions ≥2 cm(2) in size with minimum 2-year follow-up was used to match ACL-reconstructed knees with ACL-intact knees by age, sex, and primary chondral defect location...
August 8, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800854/up-to-seven-years-follow-up-of-short-cemented-stems-in-complex-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-study
#4
Mathieu Angers-Goulet, Martin Bédard
BACKGROUND: Although primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) shows good clinical, functional and radiological results, it can be complicated by certain conditions or pathologies. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the global performance of short cemented metaphyseal stem components in patients undergoing complex primary TKA. METHODS: This is a single-surgeon prospective case series of 91 patients who underwent complex primary TKA requiring short stem fixation between January 2009 and October 2014...
August 8, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800057/experiences-of-gynecological-cancer-patients-receiving-care-from-specialist-nurses-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#5
Olivia Cook, Meredith McIntyre, Katrina Recoche, Susan Lee
BACKGROUND: The care needs of women with gynecological cancer are complex and change over the course of their cancer journey. Specialist nurses are well positioned to play a role in meeting the needs of women with gynecological cancer although their role and scope of practice have not been well defined. As patients are a key stakeholder, understanding their experience of care is an important step in better defining the role and scope of practice of specialist nurses in gynecological oncology in Australia and New Zealand...
August 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796017/sarcopenia-prevalence-and-impact-on-operative-and-oncologic-outcomes-in-the-multimodal-management-of-locally-advanced-esophageal-cancer
#6
Jessie A Elliott, Suzanne L Doyle, Conor F Murphy, Sinead King, Emer M Guinan, Peter Beddy, Narayanasamy Ravi, John V Reynolds
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to study the prevalence and significance of sarcopenia in the multimodal management of locally advanced esophageal cancer (LAEC), and to assess its independent impact on operative and oncologic outcomes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Sarcopenia in cancer may confer negative outcomes, but its prevalence and impact on modern multimodal regimens for LAEC have not been systematically studied. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-two consecutive patients were studied...
August 8, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795857/unmet-needs-of-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancers-associations-with-developmental-stage-at-diagnosis-cognitive-impairment-and-time-from-diagnosis
#7
Joanne L Park, Yvonne Brandelli, K Brooke Russell, Kathleen Reynolds, Yong Li, Dean Ruether, Janine Giese-Davis
PURPOSE: Adult survivors of childhood cancers (ASCCs) are a unique and growing population. Because these individuals were diagnosed in childhood, their developmental stage at diagnosis may influence medical sequelae and perception of their cancer diagnosis and potentially result in long-term complications and challenges. Our aim was to determine how developmental stage, time since diagnosis, and cognitive impairment relate to Canadian ASCC distress and unmet needs. METHODS: Canadian ASCCs aged 19-77 years (N = 115) diagnosed between ages 0 and 5 (n = 25), 6 and 12 (n = 22), or 13 and 18 (n = 68) completed demographic, neurocognitive self-report, depression, and anxiety and unmet needs questionnaires...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791499/long-term-peripheral-neuropathy-symptoms-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#8
Moaath Mustafa Ali, Machelle Moeller, Lisa Rybicki, Halle C F Moore
PURPOSE: Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is a common and distressing complication from chemotherapy. Symptoms often, but not always, improve with time. The prevalence of long-term PN symptoms in breast cancer survivors is not well known. We sought to explore PN symptoms and associated risk factors among breast cancer survivors at least 2 years out from diagnosis. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional retrospective study investigating the prevalence of patient-reported numbness, tingling, and anesthesia symptoms as a surrogate for PN in breast cancer survivors...
August 8, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791443/outcomes-of-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-patients
#9
Joseph M Statz, Brian P Chalmers, Cameron K Ledford, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo, John W Sperling, Mark E Morrey
BACKGROUND: With the growing population of patients undergoing haematopoietic stem cell transplants (HSCTs), the demand for shoulder arthroplasty (SA) in this population can be expected to increase. No studies in the literature have examined the outcomes of SA in HSCT patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 11 SAs in 10 patients with previous HSCT was performed. We characterized the clinical outcomes, survivorship, and peri-operative complication rates in patients who underwent SA after receiving a HSCT...
August 9, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790865/survivorship-of-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-receiving-care-in-a-tertiary-health-facility-in-nigeria
#10
Vitalis C Okwor, Adeniyi F Fagbamigbe, Olufunmilayo I Fawole
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer (HNC) is a major clinical and public health concern worldwide which impairs the vital functions of life. The treatment of metastatic HNCs is mainly palliative. This study examined the survival patterns and treatment outcomes in patients with HNCs in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of the case files and treatment cards of patients with histological diagnosis of HNCs seen between January 2002 and December 2011 at the Radiotherapy Department, University College Hospital, Ibadan, was conducted...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782806/pervasive-interactions-between-foliar-microbes-and-soil-nutrients-mediate-leaf-production-and-herbivore-damage-in-a-tropical-forest
#11
Eric A Griffin, S Joseph Wright, Peter J Morin, Walter P Carson
Producing and retaining leaves underlie the performance and survivorship of seedlings in deeply shaded tropical forests. These habitats are characterized by conditions ideal for foliar bacteria, which can be potent plant pathogens. Leaf production, retention and susceptibility to enemies may ultimately depend upon interactions among soil nutrients and foliar microbes, yet this has never been tested. We experimentally evaluated the degree that foliar bacteria and soil resource supply mediate leaf dynamics for five common tree species (five different families) in a Panamanian forest...
August 7, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782599/ascertainment-of-unmet-needs-and-participation-in-health-maintenance-and-screening-of-adult-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-hct-survivors-followed-in-a-formal-survivorship-program
#12
Theresa Hahn, Pamela Paplham, Tammy Austin-Ketch, Yali Zhang, Jennifer Grimmer, Michael Burns, Sophia Balderman, Maureen Ross, Philip L McCarthy
This study aimed to ascertain unmet needs in autologous and allogeneic HCT recipients actively followed in an established long-term survivorship clinic at Roswell Park Cancer Institute from 2006-2012. The Survivor Unmet Needs Survey (SUNS) was mailed to 209 eligible patients and returned by 110 (53% participation rate). SUNS includes 89-items covering 5 domains: Emotional Health, Access and Continuity of Care, Relationships, Financial Concerns, and Information. The top five specific unmet needs for autologous HCT patients were: inability to set future goals/long-term plans; changes in appearance; bad memory/lacking focus; losing confidence in abilities; paying household or other bills...
August 4, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782114/cancer-survivorship-and-opioid-prescribing-rates-a-population-based-matched-cohort-study-among-individuals-with-and-without-a-history-of-cancer
#13
Rinku Sutradhar, Armend Lokku, Lisa Barbera
BACKGROUND: Little is known about opioid prescribing among individuals who have survived cancer. Our aim is to examine a predominantly socio-economically disadvantaged population for differences in opioid prescribing rates among cancer survivors compared with matched controls without a prior diagnosis of cancer. METHODS: This was a retrospective population-wide matched cohort study. Starting in 2010, individuals residing in Ontario, Canada, who were 18 to 64 years of age and at least 5 years past their cancer diagnosis were matched to controls without a prior cancer diagnosis based on sex and calendar year of birth...
August 7, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782077/a-retrospective-study-on-the-relationship-between-altered-native-acetabular-angle-and-vertical-implant-malpositioning
#14
Jorge Rojas, Maria Bautista, Guillermo Bonilla, Omar Amado, Elina Huerfano, Daniel Monsalvo, Adolfo Llinás, José Navas
PURPOSE: Acetabular cup positioning in extreme angles of vertical position affects both stability and long-term survivorship of total hip arthroplasty. The purpose of this study is to determine whether native Sharp's angle is associated with an increased abduction angle of the acetabular component. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent primary total hip replacement between February 2012 and August 2015 were included. Vertical positioning of acetabular implant in the antero-posterior post-operative radiographs were measured...
August 7, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777383/3rd-generation-ceramic-on-ceramic-cementless-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-minimum-10-year-follow-up-study
#15
Yeong J Lau, Shashank Sarmah, Johan D Witt
INTRODUCTION: 3rd generation ceramic bearings were introduced in total hip arthroplasty (THA) with the potential to have better mechanical strength and wear properties than their predecessors. At present, there are few studies looking at the long-term results of this latest generation of ceramic bearings.The purpose of our study was to investigate the long-term clinical and radiographic results of 3rd generation ceramic-on-ceramic THA and the incidence of ceramic specific complications such as squeaking and bearing surface fracture...
July 29, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776606/special-needs-of-young-women-with-breast-cancer-in-limited-resource-settings
#16
Carmen Lizette Gálvez-Hernández, María Cecilia González-Robledo, Regina Barragán-Carrillo, Cynthia Villarreal-Garza
BACKGROUND: Young women with breast cancer (YWBC) comprise a group of patients with unique biopsychosocial characteristics with a special perception of needs throughout their disease and survivorship. Contexts marked by restricted allocations and economic constraints might further aggravate the struggle of these patients living within limited resource settings and can demand added requirements for them and their families. OBJECTIVE: To analytically explore the existing knowledge regarding the needs of YWBC in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs)...
July 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770065/a-window-of-opportunity-subdominant-predators-can-use-suboptimal-prey
#17
Kelly A Jackson, Joshua S McCord, Jennifer A White
Introduced species have been linked to declines of native species through mechanisms including intraguild predation and exploitative competition. However, coexistence among species may be promoted by niche partitioning if native species can use resources that the invasive species cannot. Previous research has shown that some strains of the aphid Aphis craccivora are toxic to a competitively dominant invasive lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis. Our objective was to investigate whether these aphids might be an exploitable resource for other, subdominant, lady beetle species...
July 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768779/cost-effectiveness-of-patellofemoral-versus-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-younger-patients
#18
H Chawla, B U Nwachukwu, J P van der List, A A Eggman, A D Pearle, H M Ghomrawi
AIMS: Patellofemoral arthroplasty (PFA) has experienced significant improvements in implant survivorship with second generation designs. This has renewed interest in PFA as an alternative to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for younger active patients with isolated patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PF OA). We analysed the cost-effectiveness of PFA versus TKA for the management of isolated PF OA in the United States-based population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used a Markov transition state model to compare cost-effectiveness between PFA and TKA...
August 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768777/ceramic-on-ceramic-bearing-fractures-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-an-analysis-of-data-from-the-national-joint-registry
#19
D P Howard, P D H Wall, M A Fernandez, H Parsons, P W Howard
AIMS: Ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC) bearings in total hip arthroplasty (THA) are commonly used, but concerns exist regarding ceramic fracture. This study aims to report the risk of revision for fracture of modern CoC bearings and identify factors that might influence this risk, using data from the National Joint Registry (NJR) for England, Wales, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analysed data on 223 362 bearings from 111 681 primary CoC THAs and 182 linked revisions for bearing fracture recorded in the NJR...
August 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768748/upper-lethal-temperatures-in-three-cold-tolerant-insects-are-higher-in-winter-than-in-summer
#20
Henry M Vu, John G Duman
Upper lethal temperatures (ULTs) of cold-adapted insect species in winter have not been previously examined. We anticipated that as the lower lethal temperatures (LLTs) decreased (by 20-30°C) with the onset of winter, the ULTs would also decrease accordingly. Consequently, given the recent increases in winter freeze-thaw cycles and warmer winters due to climate change, it became of interest to determine whether ambient temperatures during thaws were approaching ULTs during the cold seasons. However, beetle Dendroides canadensis (Coleoptera: Pyrochroidae) larvae had higher 24 and 48 h ULT50 (the temperature at which 50% mortality occurred) in winter than in summer...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
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