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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332213/survivorship-care-plan-outcomes-for-primary-care-physicians-cancer-survivors-and-systems-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Weston LaGrandeur, Julie Armin, Carol L Howe, Leila Ali-Akbarian
PURPOSE: With the focus on survivorship care-coordination between oncology and primary care providers (PCPs), there is a need to assess the research regarding the use of survivorship care plans (SCPs) and determine emerging research areas. We sought to find out how primary care physicians have been involved in the use of SCPs and determine SCP's effectiveness in improving care for cancer survivors. In this scoping review, we aimed to identify gaps in the current research and reveal opportunities for further research...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332134/breast-cancer-survivorship-state-of-the-science
#2
REVIEW
Kathy Pan, Arti Hurria, Rowan T Chlebowski
PURPOSE: Only recently has breast cancer survivorship earned formal recognition as a research discipline. Complicating survivorship research is the frequent overlap between aging and treatment sequelae. The ACS/ASCO 2016 Breast Cancer Survivorship Care Guideline (Guideline) reflects comprehensive literature review through April 2015, while the jointly sponsored, inaugural Cancer Survivorship Symposium in 2016 (Symposium) reflects ongoing research activity in the area. Together, these platforms provide an opportunity to examine the use of randomized trials and controlled studies in survivorship care research...
January 13, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328538/conflict-between-heterozygote-advantage-and-hybrid-incompatibility-in-haplodiploids-and-sex-chromosomes
#3
Ana-Hermina Ghenu, Alexandre Blanckaert, Roger K Butlin, Jonna Kulmuni, Claudia Bank
In many diploid species the sex chromosomes play a special role in mediating reproductive isolation. In haplodiploids, where females are diploid and males haploid, the whole genome behaves similarly to the X/Z chromosomes of diploids. Therefore, haplodiploid systems can serve as a model for the role of sex chromosomes in speciation and hybridization. A previously described population of Finnish Formica wood ants displays genome-wide signs of ploidally and sexually antagonistic selection resulting from hybridization...
January 12, 2018: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327379/influence-of-varying-stem-and-metaphyseal-sleeve-size-on-the-primary-stability-of-cementless-revision-tibial-trays-used-to-reconstruct-aori-iia-defects-a-simulation-study
#4
Maged Awadalla, Rami M A Al-Dirini, Dermot O'Rourke, Lucian Bogdan Solomon, Mark Heldreth, Mark Taylor
Traditionally, diaphyseal stems have been utilized to augment the stability of revision total knee replacement (rTKR) implants. More recently metaphyseal augments, such as sleeves, have been introduced to further augment component fixation. The effect of augments such as stems and sleeves have on the primary stability of a rTKR implant is poorly understood, however it has important implications on the complexity, costs and survivorship of the procedure. Finite element analysis was used to investigate the primary stability and strain distribution of various size stems and sleeves used in conjunction with a cementless revision tibial tray...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325840/early-comparative-outcomes-of-unicompartmental-and-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-severely-obese-patients
#5
Zachary C Lum, David A Crawford, Adolph V Lombardi, Jason M Hurst, Michael J Morris, Joanne B Adams, Keith R Berend
BACKGROUND: Medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) may have advantages over total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the setting of obesity. There has been no direct comparison between the two cohorts. This study compares outcomes and complications of severely obese patients undergoing medial UKA versus TKA. METHODS: Six hundred and fifty medial UKA and 1300 TKA were performed in patients with BMI >35kg/m2 (mean 41kg/m2) between 2007 and 2012. Pre- and postoperative ROM, Knee Society scores, perioperative factors, complications and reoperations were compared...
January 8, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325583/an-integrated-delivery-of-care-approach-to-improve-patient-reported-physical-function-and-mental-wellbeing-after-orthopedic-trauma-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Laura Zdziarski-Horodyski, MaryBeth Horodyski, Kalia K Sadasivan, Jennifer Hagen, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Matthew Patrick, Robert Guenther, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic trauma injury impacts nearly 2.8 million people each year. Despite surgical improvements and excellent survivorship rates, many patients experience poor quality of life (QOL) outcomes years later. Psychological distress commonly occurs after injury. Distressed patients more frequently experience rehospitalizations, pain medication dependence, and low QOL. This study was developed to test whether an integrative care approach (IntCare; ten-step program of emotional support, education, customized resources, and medical care) was superior to usual care (UsCare)...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324581/the-silent-struggles-of-survivorship-in-cancer
#7
Janet Ellis, Elie Isenberg-Grzeda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2018: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322897/survival-of-the-birmingham-hip-resurfacing-in-young-men-up-to-13-years-post-operatively
#8
N Frew, G Johnson
The aim of this study was to determine the medium to long term survivorship of the Birmingham Hip Resurfacing prosthesis in an independent series of young men. The medical records and radiographs of all men aged 55 and under who had undergone Birmingham hip resurfacing by the senior author were reviewed. Patients who had not attended recent follow-up or had been previously discharged were contacted by telephone. Between 1999 and 2011 a total of 147 hips were resurfaced in 155 patients (mean age 47 years (19 to 55)) with minimum 5 year follow-up (mean 8...
March 2017: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322843/immunotherapy-for-brain-tumors-understanding-early-successes-and-limitations
#9
Nicole A P Lieberman, Nicholas A Vitanza, Courtney A Crane
Adverse effects and toxicities related to standard treatments for brain tumors significantly reduce patients' quality of life. Although most immunotherapy approaches for solid tumors have not been successful, several early-phase clinical trials are beginning to reveal a potential role for immunotherapy in the treatment of brain tumors. In particular, methods that activate the innate immune system and induce a polyclonal anti-cancer response have demonstrated that brain tumors are susceptible to immune-mediated tumor destruction...
January 11, 2018: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321901/proximate-causes-of-altitudinal-differences-in-body-size-in-an-agamid-lizard
#10
Hong-Liang Lu, Chun-Xia Xu, Yuan-Ting Jin, Jean-Marc Hero, Wei-Guo Du
Body size is directly linked to key life history traits such as growth, fecundity, and survivorship. Identifying the causes of body size variation is a critical task in ecological and evolutionary research. Body size variation along altitudinal gradients has received considerable attention; however, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we compared the growth rate and age structure of toad-headed lizards (Phrynocephalus vlangalii) from two populations found at different elevations in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318913/evaluation-of-two-decades-of-cryphonectria-parasitica-hypovirus-introduction-in-an-american-chestnut-stand-in-wisconsin
#11
Mark L Double, Andrew M Jarosz, Dennis W Fulbright, Anita Davelos Baines, William Lloyd MacDonald
Hypovirus-infected Cryphonectria parasitica strains were introduced in a large stand of American chestnut (> 4000 individuals) in western Wisconsin (USA) to evaluate whether hypoviruses can serve as biological control agents. They were deployed by treating cankers from 1992-1997 and again from 2004-2014. After 17 years of hypovirus introductions within an area of the stand with the longest history of disease, isolation of hypovirus-infected strains increased from 55% in 1994 to 86% in 2014 from cankers that were treated...
January 10, 2018: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318512/health-status-of-older-cancer-survivors-results-of-the-polsenior-study
#12
Joanna Sulicka, Agnieszka Pac, Monika Puzianowska-Kuźnicka, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Jerzy Chudek, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Małgorzata Mossakowska, Anna Skalska, Andrzej Więcek, Tomasz Grodzicki
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to characterize health status of older cancer survivors using data from the population-based PolSenior study. METHODS: We compared cancer survivors and non-cancer subjects according to comorbidities, functional status, mental health, and sociodemographic factors. RESULTS: There were 286 (5.8%) cancer survivors in a population of 4943 adults aged 65 years and older. The mean age of cancer survivors was 79...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316299/survival-in-spatially-variable-thermal-environments-consequences-of-induced-thermal-defense
#13
Mark Denny
As Earth's climate warms, plants and animals are likely to encounter an increased frequency and severity of extreme thermal events, and the ensuing destruction is likely to play an important role in structuring ecological communities. However, accurate prediction of the population-scale consequences of extreme thermal events requires detailed knowledge of the small-scale interaction between individual organisms and their thermal environment. In this study I propose a simple model that allows one to explore how individual-to-individual variation in body temperature and thermal physiology determines what fraction of a population will be killed by an extreme thermal event...
January 9, 2018: Integrative Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315091/supported-self-management-for-cancer-survivors-to-address-long-term-biopsychosocial-consequences-of-cancer-and-treatment-to-optimize-living-well
#14
Doris D Howell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As individuals are living longer with cancer as a chronic disease, they face new health challenges that require the application of self-management behaviors and skills that may not be in their usual repertoire of self-regulatory health behaviors. Increasing attention is focused on supported self-management (SSM) programs to enable survivors in managing the long-term biopsychosocial consequences and health challenges of survivorship. This review explores current directions and evidence for SSM programs that enable survivors to manage these consequences and optimize health...
January 1, 2018: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314864/outcomes-of-osteochondral-allograft-transplantation-with-and-without-concomitant-meniscus-allograft-transplantation-a-comparative-matched-group-analysis
#15
Rachel M Frank, Simon Lee, Eric J Cotter, Charles P Hannon, Timothy Leroux, Brian J Cole
BACKGROUND: Osteochondral allograft transplantation (OCA) is often performed with concomitant meniscus allograft transplantation (MAT) as a strategy for knee joint preservation, although to date, the effect of concomitant MAT on outcomes and failure rates after OCA has not been assessed. PURPOSE: To determine clinical outcomes for patients undergoing OCA with MAT as compared with a matched cohort of patients undergoing isolated OCA. STUDY DESIGN: Control study; Level of evidence, 3...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310919/increased-complications-for-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-patients-undergoing-total-joint-arthroplasty
#16
Michael M Kheir, You Na P Kheir, Timothy L Tan, Colin T Ackerman, Alexander J Rondon, Antonia F Chen
BACKGROUND: Although it has been shown that anxiety and depression are associated with increased complications after total joint arthroplasty (TJA), the outcomes of TJA in patients with a history of psychosis are unknown. This study evaluated the influence of bipolar and schizophrenic disorders on complications after TJA, particularly aseptic and septic revisions. METHODS: A retrospective review of 156 TJAs (125 primaries and 31 revisions) was performed at a single institution from 2000 to 2015...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310918/polished-cemented-femoral-stems-have-a-lower-rate-of-revision-than-matt-finished-cemented-stems-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-an-analysis-of-96-315-cemented-femoral-stems
#17
Wayne Hoskins, Dirk van Bavel, Michelle Lorimer, Richard N de Steiger
BACKGROUND: Matt and polished femoral stems have been historically grouped together in registry assessment of the outcome of cemented femoral stems in total hip arthroplasty. This is despite differences in the mode of fixation and biomechanics of loading. The aims of this study are to compare the survivorship of polished tapered stems with matt finished cemented stems. METHODS: Data on primary total hip arthroplasty undertaken for a diagnosis of osteoarthritis from September 1999 to December 2014 were included from a National Joint Registry...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310917/mid-term-results-of-graft-augmentation-prosthesis-ii-cage-and-impacted-allograft-bone-in-revision-hip-arthroplasty
#18
Hazem A H Hosny, Ahmed El-Bakoury, Helmy Fekry, Jonathan Keenan
BACKGROUND: Several techniques have been described for management of severe acetabular bone defects during revision hip surgery including reconstructive cages. The purpose of this study is to analyze the survival and the mid-term clinical and radiological outcome using the Graft Augmentation Prosthesis (GAP II cage) (Stryker Orthopaedics, Mahwah, NJ) in addition to impaction grafting for acetabular defects in revision hip surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all patients who underwent acetabular revision hip replacement using GAP II cage and impaction bone grafting between 2009 and 2013 at our institution...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306664/coonrad-morrey-total-elbow-arthroplasty-for-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-54-prostheses-reviewed-at-7-years-average-follow-up-maximum-16-years
#19
Thuy Trang Pham, Stéphanie Delclaux, Sandrine Huguet, Matthieu Wargny, Nicolas Bonnevialle, Pierre Mansat
BACKGROUND: Total elbow arthroplasty is a therapeutic option for severe rheumatoid arthritis. We hypothesized that the semiconstrained characteristics of the Coonrad-Morrey prosthesis do not compromise the survival rate of the implant in a rheumatoid elbow. METHODS: Between 1997 and 2012, there were 54 Coonrad-Morrey total elbow prostheses performed for rheumatoid arthritis in 46 patients. Minimum follow-up was 2 years. There were 35 women and 11 men with a mean age of 60 years (29-83 years)...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306328/a-train-the-trainer-program-for-healthcare-professionals-tasked-with-providing-psychosocial-support-to-breast-cancer-survivors
#20
Eunyoung Park, Junghee Yoon, Eun-Kyung Choi, Im Ryung Kim, Danbee Kang, Se-Kyung Lee, Jeong Eon Lee, Seok Jin Nam, Jin Seok Ahn, Adriaan Visser, Juhee Cho
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to develop, implement, and evaluate a training program for healthcare providers to improve ability to provide psychosocial support to breast cancer survivors in Korea. METHODS: Based on a needs assessment survey and in-depth interviews with breast cancer survivors, a multidisciplinary team developed two-day intensive training program as well as education materials and counseling notes. Participants' overall satisfaction was evaluated after the training...
January 6, 2018: BMC Cancer
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