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subclinical hyperthyroidism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822529/atrial-fibrillation-and-hyperthyroidism-a-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Vivek Reddy, Wael Taha, Shanker Kundumadam, Mazhar Khan
Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia worldwide with increasing frequency noted with age. Hyperthyroidism is a well-known cause of atrial fibrillation with a 16%-60% prevalence of atrial fibrillation in patients with known hyperthyroidism Ross et al. (2016). While hyperthyroidism as a causative factor of atrial fibrillation is well established, this literature review aims to answer several questions on this topic including: 1. The relationship of atrial fibrillation to hyperthyroidism 2. Atrial fibrillation as a predictor of hyperthyroidism 3...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726182/autoimmune-hypothyroidism-is-three-times-more-frequent-in-female-prolactinoma-patients-compared-to-healthy-women-data-from-a-cross-sectional-case-control-study
#2
Atanaska Elenkova, Iliana Аtanasova, Georgi Кirilov, Еmil Natchev, Ralitza Ivanova, Roussanka Кovatcheva, Silvia Vandeva, Dimitar Tcharaktchiev, Sabina Zacharieva
BACKGROUND: The potent immunomodulatory action of prolactin has been demonstrated in many experimental in vitro studies. In accordance with these data, our retrospective analyses revealed higher prevalence of autoimmune thyroid diseases in prolactinoma patients compared to general population. PURPOSE: A cross-sectional case-control study was carried out in a single tertiary referral centre. The main aim was to assess the frequency of newly diagnosed autoimmune thyroid diseases in female patients with prolactinomas...
July 19, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693124/pediatric-toxic-polycystic-thyroid
#3
Janeil M Belle, Nektarios Vasilottos, Todd D Nebesio, Benjamin C James
BACKGROUND: Polycystic thyroid disease (PCTD) is a rare condition and has been described in adults in the setting of subclinical and clinical hypothyroidism. We present the first known case of a pediatric patient with diffuse macrocystic degeneration of the thyroid. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 6-year-old previously healthy patient was evaluated after presenting with a 16-month history of an enlarging polycystic thyroid and hyperthyroidism. Markers of autoimmune thyroid disease including thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor antibody, thyroid peroxidase antibody and thyroglobulin antibody were negative...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680307/thyroid-function-and-ultrasonography-abnormalities-in-lithium-treated-bipolar-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-with-healthy-controls
#4
Özlem Kuman Tunçel, Fisun Akdeniz, Süha Süreyya Özbek, Gülgün Kavukçu, Gökçen Ünal Kocabaş
INTRODUCTION: Lithium has many effects on thyroid physiology. Although these side effects have been known for a long time, large sample studies of lithium-treated patients using ultrasonography are lacking. The aim of this study is to investigate the detailed thyroid morphologies, hormone levels, and antibodies of lithium-treated patients compared with healthy controls. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 84 lithium-treated patients with bipolar disorder and 65 gender and age similar controls who had never been exposed to lithium...
June 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672775/pediatric-toxic-polycystic-thyroid
#5
Janeil M Belle, Nektarios Vasilottos, Todd D Nebesio, Benjamin C James
BACKGROUND: Polycystic thyroid disease (PCTD) is a rare condition and has been described in adults in the setting of subclinical and clinical hypothyroidism. We present the first known case of a pediatric patient with diffuse macrocystic degeneration of the thyroid. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 6-year-old previously healthy patient was evaluated after presenting with a 16-month history of an enlarging polycystic thyroid and hyperthyroidism. Markers of autoimmune thyroid disease including thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor antibody, thyroid peroxidase antibody and thyroglobulin antibody were negative...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671447/subclinical-hyperthyroidism
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671443/subclinical-hyperthyroidism-when-to-consider-treatment
#7
REVIEW
Ines Donangelo, Se Young Suh
Subclinical hyperthyroidism is defined by a low or undetectable serum thyroid-stimulating hormone level, with normal free thyroxine and total or free triiodothyronine levels. It can be caused by increased endogenous production of thyroid hormone (e.g., in Graves disease, toxic nodular goiter, or transient thyroiditis), by administration of thyroid hormone to treat malignant thyroid disease, or by unintentional excessive replacement therapy. The prevalence of subclinical hyperthyroidism in the general population is about 1% to 2%; however, it may be higher in iodinedeficient areas...
June 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640139/a-prisma-compliant-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-thyroid-disease-and-different-levels-of-iodine-intake-in-mainland-china
#8
REVIEW
Wanwen Weng, Mengjie Dong, Jun Zhan, Jun Yang, Bo Zhang, Xingdong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Low-iodine intake has historically been an issue in China, causing widespread iodine deficiency diseases (IDD). China started to introduce universal salt iodization in 1995, but reports of increased thyroid disease are a concern and appropriate levels of iodine intake must be considered. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of thyroid disease with different urinary iodine concentrations (UICs) in the general population of those residing in mainland China...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638825/thyroid-dysfunction-in-non-interferon-treated-hepatitis-c-patients-residing-in-hepatitis-endemic-area
#9
Nayab Batool, Shan Elahi, Nazish Saleem, Abrar Ashraf
BACKGROUND: Association of thyroid dysfunction (TD) with interferon treatment of HCV is well known to clinicians. However, a few studies have highlighted the role of hepatitis C virus per se in the development of TD. The aim of this study was to know the prevalence of TD in non-interferon treated HCV infected patients referred for thyroid function testing. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Among 557 ELISA-positive HCV patients 446 (341 females, 105 males) were selected for this study...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616924/-reference-intervals-of-thyroid-hormones-in-normal-pregnant-women-and-effects-of-thyroid-autoantibodies-on-thyroid-hormone-levels-in-pregnant-women-in-chengdu-area
#10
Yu-Min Chen, Jing Zeng, Yue-Rong Yan, Dan Luo, Lu Huang, Hui Huang
OBJECTIVES: To establish the reference intervals of thyroid hormones in normal pregnant women in Chengdu area of China, and to investigate the effects of thyroid autoantibodies on thyroid function in pregnant women. METHODS: We included 696 pregnant women who had gestation data from June 2013 to March 2014 in Chengdu Women & Children's Central Hospital. Every subject under went questionnaire survey, physical examination, thyroid ultrasound and measurement of thyroid hormone and thyroid autoantibodies...
May 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612896/total-thyroidectomy-the-first-the-best-the-recurrent-goiter-issue
#11
A Cappellani, A Zanghì, F Cardì, A Cavallaro, G Piccolo, S Palmucci, G Fuccio Sanzà, M Di Vita
BACKGROUND: Redo surgery for recurrent goiter is still now, even in experienced hands, followed by higher morbidity than primary total thyroidectomy. Suppressive Levothyroxine therapy failed to improve the recurrence rate, while inducing a subclinical hyperthyroidism. Aim of this study is to verify morbidity after total thyroidectomy for benign thyroid diseases, both primary and after recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A series of 20 cases of total thyroidectomy for recurrent benign diseases (RG), performed between January 2001 and December 2013 was compared with 225 cases of primary total thyroidectomy (PT) ...
May 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609552/thyrotrophin-levels-and-coronary-artery-calcification-cross-sectional-results-of-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#12
Érique José F Peixoto de Miranda, Márcio Sommer Bittencourt, Henrique Lane Staniak, Alexandre C Pereira, Murilo Foppa, Itamar S Santos, Paulo A Lotufo, Isabela M Benseñor
OBJECTIVE: There is little information about the association between thyrotrophin (TSH) levels and coronary artery calcification (CAC). Our aim was to analyse the association between TSH quintiles and subclinical atherosclerosis measured by CAC, using baseline data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PATIENTS: We excluded individuals using medications that affect thyroid function and who self-reported cardiovascular disease...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553154/long-term-treatment-related-morbidity-in-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
William Ae Parker, Ovie Edafe, Sabapathy P Balasubramanian
BACKGROUND: Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) occurs in relatively young patients and is associated with a good prognosis and long survival. The management of this disease involves thyroidectomy, radioiodine therapy, and long-term thyroid-stimulating hormone suppression therapy (THST). The long-term effects of the treatment and the interaction between subclinical hyperthyroidism and long-term hypoparathyroidism are poorly understood. This review sought to examine the available evidence...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549315/associations-between-the-levels-of-thyroid-hormones-and-lipid-lipoprotein-levels-data-from-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#14
Ram B Jain
Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for the years 2007-2012 were used to investigate associations between thyroid hormones and lipid/lipoprotein levels for a representative sample of general US population aged ≥20 years. There were no statistically significant differences for adjusted high density lipoprotein levels among thyroid function groups, namely, subclinical hyperthyroid (SCHPR), clinical hyperthyroid (CHPR), euthyroid (EU), clinical hypothyroid (CHYP), and subclinical hypothyroid (SCHYP)...
July 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539295/-value-of-ultrasound-shear-wave-elasticity-imaging-in-diagnosis-of-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis
#15
Wei Wang, Hai-Ning Zheng, Qiong Wang, Yi-Xiao Han, Qing-Gui Ye, Chao-Yang Wen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between Young's modulus of the thyroid tissue measured by in shear wave elastography (SWE) and the clinical manifestations of Hashimoto's thyroiditis in different stages. METHODS: A total of 104 patients with the clinical diagnosis of Hashimoto's thyroiditis were enrolled in this study, including 26 with hyperthyroidism, 29 with normal thyroid function, 27 with subclinical hypothyroidism, 22 with clinical hypothyroidism, with 50 healthy volunteers serving as the healthy control group...
May 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537653/a-novel-treatment-for-subclinical-hyperthyroidism-a-pilot-study-on-the-beneficial-effects-of-l-carnitine-and-selenium
#16
M Nordio
OBJECTIVE: The definition itself of subclinical hyperthyroidism (SHyper) and, therefore, the therapeutic approach to patients with SHyper still remains undefined and controversial. Therefore, the interest of finding a novel and alternative therapy for SHyper has caught the attention. An observational pilot study was performed to assess the effects of l-carnitine and selenium in the management of SHyper symptoms and endocrine profile in patients affected by this disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with TSH levels between 0...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534147/hypothyroidism-in-hospitalized-elderly-patients-a-sign-of-worse-prognosis
#17
N Sforza, J Rosenfarb, R Rujelman, M Rosmarin, E Blanc, C Frigerio, P Fossati, D Caruso, C Faingold, T Meroño, G Brenta
PURPOSE: Overt hypothyroidism has adverse clinical consequences and might worsen prognosis in critically ill elderly patients. However, the difficult interpretation of thyroid function tests (TFT) due to non-thyroidal illness (NTI) has led to discouragement of screening for thyroid dysfunction. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of TFT compatible with hypothyroidism and to study its influence on mortality among hospitalized elderly patients. METHODS: In this prospective study we consecutively included all patients ≥60 years admitted by the Internal Medicine Department to the hospital ward (n = 451) of the Cesar Milstein Hospital in Buenos Aires, Argentina...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502134/thyroid-dysfunctions-in-a-sample-of-egyptian-children-and-adolescents-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-relation-to-disease-activity-and-duration
#18
Hend H Abd-Elnabi, Mohamed A El-Gamasy, Maher A Abd-Elhafez
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, autoimmune, inflammatory disease affects any organ of the body, including the thyroid gland. Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism have been found in SLE patients more frequently than general population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of autoimmune thyroid dysfunctions in juvenile SLE and its relation to disease activity and duration. A prospective case-control study was carried on 40 children with juvenile SLE and 30 healthy as controls, all were subjected to measurement of serum TSH, Free T3, Free T4 and anti-TG by ELISA...
June 2016: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489513/thyroid-function-during-early-life-and-dental-development
#19
S Vucic, T I M Korevaar, B Dhamo, V W V Jaddoe, R P Peeters, E B Wolvius, E M Ongkosuwito
Children with low levels of thyroid hormones (hypothyroidism) have delayed tooth eruption, enamel hypoplasia, micrognathia, and anterior open bite, whereas children with hyperthyroidism may suffer from accelerated tooth eruption, maxillary, and mandibular osteoporosis. However, it is still unknown whether thyroid function variations within the normal or subclinical range also have an impact on hard dental tissues in healthy children. The objective of this study was, therefore, to investigate the association between thyroid function from the fetal period until early childhood and dental development at school age...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485783/influence-of-screening-and-intervention-of-hyperthyroidism-on-pregnancy-outcome
#20
Y Wang, X-L Sun, C-L Wang, H-Y Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the influence of screening and intervention of hyperthyroidism on pregnancy outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical data of 122 pregnant women who had been confirmed with hyperthyroidism from April 2012 to July 2014 in the Weifang People's Hospital were analyzed retrospectively (25 untreated, 97 treated). 60 with normal pregnancy check were randomly selected as control group. The pregnancy outcomes of the two groups of patients were analyzed...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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