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Syk 317

Michael P Sanderson, Eva Wex, Takeshi Kono, Katsuhiro Uto, Andreas Schnapp
Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) is a key regulatory factor in the IgE-mediated allergic signal transduction pathway in mast cells and basophils. Syk is phosphorylated on a number of tyrosines following the binding of IgE/allergen complexes to FcɛRI receptors leading to initiation of inflammatory signaling via downstream enzymes and scaffolding proteins. We examined the kinases responsible for the phosphorylation of key Syk tyrosines in rat RBL-2H3 basophilic cells and bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs). The phosphorylation of Syk tyrosine 346 was completely blocked by the novel Src family kinase inhibitor BIRA766, suggesting this tyrosine is a pure substrate for Src family kinases...
November 2010: Molecular Immunology
Wei Zou, Jennifer L Reeve, Haibo Zhao, F Patrick Ross, Steven L Teitelbaum
Cytoskeletal organization of the osteoclast (OC), which is central to the capacity of the cell to resorb bone, is induced by occupancy of the alphavbeta3 integrin or the macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) receptor c-Fms. In both circumstances, the tyrosine kinase Syk is an essential signaling intermediary. We demonstrate that Cbl negatively regulates OC function by interacting with Syk(Y317). Expression of nonphosphorylatable Syk(Y317F) in primary Syk(-/-) OCs enhances M-CSF- and alphavbeta3-induced phosphorylation of the cytoskeleton-organizing molecules, SLP76, Vav3, and PLCgamma2, to levels greater than wild type, thereby accelerating the resorptive capacity of the cell...
July 10, 2009: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Kyung D Moon, Carol B Post, Donald L Durden, Qing Zhou, Pradip De, Marietta L Harrison, Robert L Geahlen
After engagement of the B cell receptor for antigen, the Syk protein-tyrosine kinase becomes phosphorylated on multiple tyrosines, some of which serve as docking sites for downstream effectors with SH2 or other phosphotyrosine binding domains. The most frequently identified binding partner for catalytically active Syk identified in a yeast two-hybrid screen was the p85 regulatory subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase. The C-terminal SH2 domain of p85 was sufficient for mediating an interaction with tyrosine-phosphorylated Syk...
January 14, 2005: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Julie J Hong, Thomas M Yankee, Marietta L Harrison, Robert L Geahlen
The B cell antigen receptor (BCR) is coupled to the mobilization of Ca(2+) by the protein-tyrosine kinase, Syk. Syk, recruited to the clustered BCR, becomes phosphorylated on three tyrosines (Tyr-317, Tyr-342, and Tyr-346) located within the linker region that separates the C-terminal catalytic domain from the N-terminal tandem Src homology 2 domains. Phosphorylation within the linker region can be either activating or inhibitory to Ca(2+) mobilization depending on the sites that are modified. Syk that is not phosphorylated on linker region tyrosines couples the BCR to Ca(2+) mobilization through a phosphoinositide 3-kinase-dependent pathway...
August 30, 2002: Journal of Biological Chemistry
T M Yankee, L M Keshvara, S Sawasdikosol, M L Harrison, R L Geahlen
The Syk protein-tyrosine kinase couples the B cell Ag receptor (BCR) to intracellular biochemical pathways. Syk becomes phosphorylated on multiple tyrosine residues upon receptor cross-linking. Tyrosine 317 is a site of phosphorylation located within the linker region of Syk that separates the amino-terminal, tandem pair of SH2 domains from the carboxyl-terminal catalytic domain. The amino acid sequence surrounding phosphotyrosine 317 matches the consensus sequence for recognition by the phosphotyrosine-binding (PTB) domain of the protooncogene product, c-Cbl...
December 1, 1999: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
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