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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319673/the-effect-of-montelukast-on-mild-persistent-osa-after-adenotonsillectomy-in-children-a-preliminary-study
#1
Bing Wang, Jia Liang
This study sought to evaluate the treatment effect of montelukast in children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) after tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy (T&A). Fifty-eight children with persistent OSA after T&A were included and randomly divided into 2 groups: one group was administered montelukast for 12 weeks, and the other received no treatment. Clinical information, such as the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and nadir oxyhemoglobin saturation (nadir SpO2), was recorded. Symptoms of OSA were evaluated using the validated Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ)...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318492/-brain-tumor-immunotherapy-illusion-or-hope
#2
REVIEW
Denis Migliorini, Valérie Dutoit, Paul R Walker, Pierre-Yves Dietrich
Immunotherapy has proven efficient for many tumors and is now part of standard of care in many indications. What is the picture for brain tumors? The recent development of anti-CTLA-4 and PD1 immune checkpoint inhibitors, which have the ability to restore T lymphocytes activity, has gathered enthusiasm and is now paving the way towards more complex models of immune system manipulation. These models include, among others, vaccination and adoptive T cell transfer technologies. Complementary to those strategies, molecules capable of reshaping the immune tumor microenvironment are currently being investigated in early phase trials...
March 16, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318192/-abdominal-pain-as-a-presentation-by-lead-poisoning-case-report
#3
Daniel M Mottiera, Elda Cargnel
Acute lead poisoning is not a common pathology seen in the pediatrician's office. Lead poisoning symptoms can be digestive or neurological, and they can be confused with other pathologies. That is the reason why it should be considered and, in case of doubt, complementary studies to confirm lead poisoning should be requested. This is the case of a nine-year-old child that comes to the office with a strong abdominal pain and vomiting, and after a close physical examination and a detailed anamnesis, a suspicious diagnosis of "acute" lead poisoning is obtained...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317125/referenceless-magnetic-resonance-temperature-imaging-using-gaussian-process-modeling
#4
Joshua P Yung, David Fuentes, Christopher J MacLellan, Florian Maier, Yannis Liapis, John D Hazle, R Jason Stafford
PURPOSE: During magnetic resonance (MR)-guided thermal therapies, water proton resonance frequency shift (PRFS) based MR temperature imaging can quantitatively monitor tissue temperature changes. It is widely known that the PRFS technique is easily perturbed by tissue motion, tissue susceptibility changes, magnetic field drift, and modality-dependent applicator induced artifacts. Here a referenceless Gaussian process modeling (GPM) based estimation of the PRFS is investigated as a methodology to mitigate unwanted background field changes...
March 20, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303161/a-systematic-review-of-intervention-studies-examining-nutritional-and-herbal-therapies-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-using-neuroimaging-methods-study-characteristics-and-intervention-efficacy
#5
REVIEW
Genevieve Z Steiner, Danielle C Mathersul, Freya MacMillan, David A Camfield, Nerida L Klupp, Sai W Seto, Yong Huang, Mark I Hohenberg, Dennis H Chang
Neuroimaging facilitates the assessment of complementary medicines (CMs) by providing a noninvasive insight into their mechanisms of action in the human brain. This is important for identifying the potential treatment options for target disease cohorts with complex pathophysiologies. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate study characteristics, intervention efficacy, and the structural and functional neuroimaging methods used in research assessing nutritional and herbal medicines for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302638/innovative-approach-for-self-management-and-social-welfare-of-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-in-europe-development-validation-and-implementation-of-an-mhealth-tool-mycyfapp
#6
Joaquim Calvo-Lerma, Celia P Martinez-Jimenez, Juan-Pablo Lázaro-Ramos, Ana Andrés, Paula Crespo-Escobar, Erlend Stav, Cornelia Schauber, Lucia Pannese, Jessie M Hulst, Lucrecia Suárez, Carla Colombo, Celeste Barreto, Kris de Boeck, Carmen Ribes-Koninckx
INTRODUCTION: For the optimal management of children with cystic fibrosis, there are currently no efficient tools for the precise adjustment of pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy, either for advice on appropriate dietary intake or for achieving an optimal nutrition status. Therefore, we aim to develop a mobile application that ensures a successful nutritional therapy in children with cystic fibrosis. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A multidisciplinary team of 12 partners coordinate their efforts in 9 work packages that cover the entire so-called 'from laboratory to market' approach by means of an original and innovative co-design process...
March 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302035/translational-multimodality-neuroimaging
#7
Sushil K Sharma
Recently high-resolution, noninvasive, multimodality in-vivo molecular imaging with PET, SPECT, CT and MRI, employing fusion algorithms has revolutionized personalized medicine. However, specific radiopharmaceuticals (RPs) for the accurate diagnosis and effective treatment of progressive neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, drug addiction, and other cognitive impairments still remain in developmental phase. Currently, multimodality fusion neuroimaging is utilized for the determination of: pharmacokinetics and pre-clinical development of radiopharmaceuticals (RPs); in-vivo monitoring of stem cell transplantation therapy; nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) investigations; and regional cerebral blood flow and glucose metabolism in cognitively-impaired subjects employing noninvasive microPET and nano-SPECT imaging...
March 15, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301050/addition-of-anti-leukotriene-agents-to-inhaled-corticosteroids-for-adults-and-adolescents-with-persistent-asthma
#8
REVIEW
Bhupendrasinh F Chauhan, Maya M Jeyaraman, Amrinder Singh Mann, Justin Lys, Ahmed M Abou-Setta, Ryan Zarychanski, Francine M Ducharme
BACKGROUND: Asthma management guidelines recommend low-dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) as first-line therapy for adults and adolescents with persistent asthma. The addition of anti-leukotriene agents to ICS offers a therapeutic option in cases of suboptimal control with daily ICS. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of anti-leukotriene agents added to ICS compared with the same dose, an increased dose or a tapering dose of ICS (in both arms) for adults and adolescents 12 years of age and older with persistent asthma...
March 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297057/dialysis-access-issues-related-to-conversion-from-peritoneal-dialysis-to-hemodialysis-and-vice-versa
#9
Maurizio Gallieni, Antonino Giordano, Anna Ricchiuto, Davide Gobatti, Maurizio Cariati
ABSTRACTHemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) represent two complementary modalities of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease patients. Conversion between the two modalities is frequent and more likely to happen from PD to HD. Every year, 10% of PD patients convert to HD, suggesting the need for recommendations on how to proceed with the creation of a vascular access in these patients. Criteria for selecting patients who would likely fail PD, and therefore take advantage of a backup access, are undefined...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296917/enzyme-replacement-therapy-for-anderson-fabry-disease-a-complementary-overview-of-a-cochrane-publication-through-a-linear-regression-and-a-pooled-analysis-of-proportions-from-cohort-studies
#10
Regina El Dib, Huda Gomaa, Alberto Ortiz, Juan Politei, Anil Kapoor, Fellype Barreto
BACKGROUND: Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) is an X-linked recessive inborn error of glycosphingolipid metabolism caused by a deficiency of alpha-galactosidase A. Renal failure, heart and cerebrovascular involvement reduce survival. A Cochrane review provided little evidence on the use of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). We now complement this review through a linear regression and a pooled analysis of proportions from cohort studies. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ERT for AFD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296588/a-healthy-balance-of-plasma-cholesterol-by-a-novel-annurca-apple-based-nutraceutical-formulation-results-of-a-randomized-trial
#11
Gian Carlo Tenore, Domenico Caruso, Giuseppe Buonomo, Maria D'Avino, Pietro Campiglia, Luciana Marinelli, Ettore Novellino
Cardiovascular diseases are nowadays preferential targets of preventive medicine through a straightforward therapy on lipid profile. However, statins, the first-line lipid-lowering drug therapy, specifically act on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), having a modest effect on plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentrations. Today, a number of novel HDL-targeted therapies are emerging, along with unexpected side effects. Thus, novel and possibly safe substances, able to correct impaired lipid profile in humans, are still in great demand...
March 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296366/-trends-in-google-searches-on-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#12
Alejandro Cevallos-Morales, Marco Málaga, Alvaro Taype-Rondan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this article is to evaluate the interest in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies using Google Trends in spanish-speaking countries. METHODS: An observational study was conducted using GoogleTrends. The search volume of 34 CAM therapies in spanish were evaluated globally and in 21 spanish-speaking countries. Also, the relationship between the median of the most popular searches and the gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in each of the countries was evaluated using Spearman's test...
March 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291469/use-of-the-pain-assessment-screening-tool-and-outcomes-registry-in-an-army-interdisciplinary-pain-management-center-lessons-learned-and-future-implications-of-a-10-month-beta-test
#13
Diane M Flynn, Karon Cook, Michael Kallen, Chester Buckenmaier, Ricke Weickum, Teresa Collins, Ashley Johnson, Dawn Morgan, Kevin Galloway, Kristin Joltes
INTRODUCTION: The U.S. Army Comprehensive Pain Management Campaign Plan was launched in 2010 to improve pain outcomes in military populations. Interdisciplinary Pain Management Centers (IPMCs) were established at every Army medical center, each offering a robust array of treatment options including conventional and complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) pain management therapies. The Pain Assessment Screening Tool and Outcomes Registry (PASTOR) was developed to assess and track biopsychosocial aspects of pain management and to identify best treatment practices...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288600/complementary-traditional-chinese-medicine-use-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#14
Hou-Hsun Liao, Hung-Rong Yen, Chih-Hsin Muo, Yu-Chen Lee, Mei-Yao Wu, Li-Wei Chou, Mao-Feng Sun, Tung-Ti Chang
BACKGROUND: Complementary traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been used to treat patients with cerebral palsy (CP). However, large-scale surveys examining its use in the treatment of CP and associated disorders are lacking. METHODS: We enrolled 11,218 patients ≤ 18 years of age with CP in the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database from 1995 to 2011. Patients were categorized as TCM users (n = 6,997; 62.37%) and non-TCM users (n = 4,221; 37...
March 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287517/microrna-based-regulation-of-picornavirus-tropism
#15
Autumn J Ruiz, Stephen J Russell
Cell-specific restriction of viral replication without concomitant attenuation can benefit vaccine development, gene therapy, oncolytic virotherapy, and understanding the biological properties of viruses. There are several mechanisms for regulating viral tropism, however they tend to be virus class specific and many result in virus attenuation. Additionally, many viruses, including picornaviruses, exhibit size constraints that do not allow for incorporation of large amounts of foreign genetic material required for some targeting methods...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286749/factors-xi-and-xii-as-targets-for-new-anticoagulants
#16
REVIEW
Jeffrey I Weitz, James C Fredenburgh
Compared with vitamin K antagonists, the direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are simpler to administer and are associated with less intracranial bleeding. Nonetheless, even with the DOACs, bleeding still occurs and many patients with atrial fibrillation fail to receive anticoagulant thromboprophylaxis because of the fear of bleeding. Therefore, there is an urgent need for safer anticoagulants. Recent investigations into the biochemistry of hemostasis and thrombosis have identified new targets for development of novel anticoagulants...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286423/oligonucleotides-targeting-coagulation-factor-mrnas-use-in-thrombosis-and-hemophilia-research-and-therapy
#17
REVIEW
Marco Heestermans, Bart J M van Vlijmen
Small interfering (si) RNAs and antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs; here for simplicity reasons, both referred to as oligonucleotides) are small synthetic RNA or DNA molecules with a sequence complementary to a (pre)mRNA. Although the basic mechanisms of action between siRNAs and ASO are distinct, a sequence-specific interaction of the both oligonucleotides with the target (pre)mRNA alters the target's fate, which includes highly effective sequence-specific blockade of translation and consequently depletion of the corresponding protein...
2017: Thrombosis Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284983/systemic-aav-mediated-%C3%AE-sarcoglycan-delivery-targeting-cardiac-and-skeletal-muscle-ameliorates-histological-and-functional-deficits-in-lgmd2e-mice
#18
Eric R Pozsgai, Danielle A Griffin, Kristin N Heller, Jerry R Mendell, Louise R Rodino-Klapac
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2E (LGMD2E), resulting from mutations in β-sarcoglycan (SGCB), is a progressive dystrophy with deteriorating muscle function, respiratory failure, and cardiomyopathy in 50% or more of LGMD2E patients. SGCB knockout mice share many of the phenotypic deficiencies of LGMD2E patients. To investigate systemic SGCB gene transfer to treat skeletal and cardiac muscle deficits, we designed a self-complementary AAVrh74 vector containing a codon-optimized human SGCB transgene driven by a muscle-specific promoter...
March 8, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284035/ethnopharmacological-approaches-in-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-the-relevance-of-the-oxidative-stress-status
#19
Simplice Harquin Foyet, Ioana-Miruna Balmus, Ngatanko Abaïssou Hervé Hervé, Asongalem Acha Emmanuel, Samson Guenne, Martin Kiendrebéogo, Alin Ciobica
Neurodegenerative diseases and psychiatric disorders are one of the most important pathologies that lead to increased morbidity in populations. Both mood and anxiety disorders include mental disorders not caused by detectable organic abnormalities of the brain. At the molecular level, affective spectrum symptomatology is due to neurotransmitter dysregulation including receptor or transporter impairments and also due to faulty intracellular signaling that generally leads to impaired neurotransmission. Also, recent studies have shown the relationship between oxidative stress and the development of affective disorders...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283349/aav-gene-therapy-corrects-otc-deficiency-and-prevents-liver-fibrosis-in-aged-otc-knock-out-heterozygous-mice
#20
Lili Wang, Peter Bell, Hiroki Morizono, Zhenning He, Elena Pumbo, Hongwei Yu, John White, Mark L Batshaw, James M Wilson
Ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency is an X-linked disorder of the urea cycle. Hemizygous males and heterozygous females may experience life-threatening elevations of ammonia in blood and brain, leading to irreversible cognitive impairment, coma, and death. Recent evidence of acute liver failure and fibrosis/cirrhosis is also emerging in OTC-deficient patients. Here, we investigated the long-term consequences of abnormal ureagenesis in female mice heterozygous (Het) for a null mutation in the OTC gene...
March 2, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
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