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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231017/boosting-hole-mobility-in-coherently-strained-110-oriented-ge-si-core-shell-nanowires
#1
Sonia Conesa-Boj, Ang Li, Sebastian Koelling, Matthias Brauns, Joost Ridderbos, Ton T Nguyen, Marcel A Verheijen, Paul M Koenraad, Floris Arnoud Zwanenburg, Erik P A M Bakkers
The ability of core-shell nanowires to overcome existing limitations of heterostructures is one of the key ingredients for the design of next generation devices. This requires a detailed understanding of the mechanism for strain relaxation in these systems, in order to eliminate strain-induced defect formation and thus to boost important electronic properties such as carrier mobility. Here we demonstrate how the hole mobility of [110]-oriented Ge-Si core-shell nanowires can be substantially enhanced thanks to the realization of large band offset and coherent strain in the system, reaching values as high as 4200 cm(2)/(Vs) at 4K and 1600 cm(2)/(Vs) at room temperature for high hole densities of 1019 cm(-3)...
February 23, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231007/molecular-dynamics-recrystallization-behavior-and-water-solubility-of-amorphous-anticancer-agent-bicalutamide-and-its-polyvinylpyrrolidone-mixtures
#2
Justyna Szczurek, Marzena Rams-Baron, Justyna Knapik-Kowalczuk, Agata Antosik, Joanna Szafraniec, Witold Jamroz, Mateusz Dulski, Renata Jachowicz, Marian Paluch
In this paper, we investigated the molecular mobility and physical stability of amorphous bicalutamide, a poorly water-soluble drug widely used in prostate cancer treatment. Our broadband dielectric spectroscopy measurements and differential scanning calorimetry studies revealed that amorphous BIC is a moderately fragile material with strong tendency to recrystallize from amorphous state. However, mixing the drug with polymer polyvinylpyrrolidone results in a substantial improvement of physical stability attributed to antiplasticizing effect governing by polymer additive...
February 23, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230983/when-anatase-nanoparticles-become-bulk-like-properties-of-realistic-tio2-nanoparticles-in-the-1-6-nm-size-range-from-all-electron-relativistic-density-functional-theory-based-calculations
#3
Oriol Lamiel-Garcia, Kyoung Chul Ko, Jin Yong Lee, Stefan T Bromley, Francesc Illas
All electron relativistic density functional theory (DFT) based calculations using numerical atom-centered orbitals have been carried out to explore the relative stability, atomic and electronic structure of a series of stoichiometric TiO2 anatase nanoparticles explicitly containing up to 1365 atoms as a function of size and morphology. The nanoparticles under scrutiny exhibit octahedral or truncated octahedral structures and span the 1- 6 nm size range. Initial structures were obtained from a Wulff construction, thus exhibiting the most stable (101) and (001) anatase surfaces...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230867/ultrafast-electron-and-hole-transfer-dynamics-of-a-solar-cell-dye-containing-hole-acceptors-on-mesoporous-tio2-and-al2o3
#4
Mirko Scholz, Oliver Flender, Gerrit Boschloo, Kawon Oum, Thomas Lenzer
The stability of dye cations against recombination with conduction band electrons in mesoporous TiO2 electrodes is a key property for improving light harvesting in dye-sensitised solar cells. Using ultrafast transient broadband absorption spectroscopy, we monitor efficient intramolecular hole transfer in the solar cell dye E6 having two peripheral triarylamine acceptors. After photoexcitation, two hole transfer mechanisms are identified: a concerted mechanism for electron injection and hole transfer (2.4 ps) and a sequential mechanism with time constants of 3...
February 23, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230348/nmr-structures-of-gcn4p-are-largely-conserved-when-ion-pairs-are-disrupted-at-acidic-ph-but-show-a-relaxation-of-the-coiled-coil-superhelix
#5
Anne R Kaplan, Megan R Brady, Mark W Maciejewski, Richard A Kammerer, Andrei T Alexandrescu
To understand the roles ion pairs play in stabilizing coiled coils we determined NMR structures of GCN4p at three pH values. At pH 6.6 all acidic residues are fully charged, at pH 4.4 they are half-charged, and at pH 1.5 they are protonated and uncharged. The α-helix monomer and coiled coil structures of GCN4p are largely conserved, except for a loosening of the coiled coil quaternary structure with decreasing pH. Differences going from neutral to acidic pH include (i) an unwinding of the coiled coil superhelix due to the loss of inter-chain ion pair contacts, (ii) a small increase in the separation of the monomers in the dimer, (iii) a loosening of knobs-into-holes packing motifs, and (iv) an increased separation between oppositely charged residues that participate in ion pairs at neutral pH...
February 23, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229627/moderate-hypothermia-attenuates-%C3%AE-1-adrenoceptor-mediated-contraction-in-human-varicose-spermatic-vein-the-role-of-nitric-oxide-short-communication
#6
K E Nurullahoglu-Atalik, A Cenker
The effects of moderate hypothermia (28 °C) on the response of human varicose spermatic vein to α1-adrenoceptor agonist phenylephrine and the role of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) in these effects were studied. Concentration-response curves for phenylephrine (10(-9) to 3 × 10(-4) M) were recorded in rings with and without endothelium at 37 and 28 °C. To further analyze the role of NO, in the response to phenylephrine during hypothermia, the effects of this agonist in the presence of N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (10(-4) M) were also determined...
December 2016: Physiol Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229339/polaron-stability-in-oligoacene-crystals
#7
Marcelo Lopes Pereira Junior, Luiz Antonio Ribeiro Junior
The polaron stability in organic molecular crystals is theoretically investigated in the scope of a two-dimensional Holstein-Peierls model that includes lattice relaxation. Particularly, the investigation is focused on designing a model Hamiltonian that can address properly the polaron properties in different model oligoacene crystals. The findings showed that a suitable choice for a set of parameters can play the role of distinguishing the model crystals and, consequently, different properties related to the polaron stability in these systems are observed...
March 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229041/hemispheric-asymmetry-in-myelin-after-stroke-is-related-to-motor-impairment-and-function
#8
Bimal Lakhani, Kathryn S Hayward, Lara A Boyd
The relationships between impairment, function, arm use and underlying brain structure following stroke remain unclear. Although diffusion weighted imaging is useful in broadly assessing white matter structure, it has limited utility in identifying specific underlying neurobiological components, such as myelin. The purpose of the present study was to explore relationships between myelination and impairment, function and activity in individuals with chronic stroke. Assessments of paretic upper-extremity impairment and function were administered, and 72-hour accelerometer based activity monitoring was conducted on 19 individuals with chronic stroke...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228712/nordic-walking-and-the-isa-method-for-breast-cancer-survivors-effects-on-upper-limb-circumferences-and-total-body-extracellular-water-a-pilot-study
#9
Andrea Di Blasio, Teresa Morano, Giorgio Napolitano, Ines Bucci, Serena Di Santo, Sabina Gallina, Lucia Cugusi, Francesco Di Donato, Alberto D'Arielli, Ettore Cianchetti
BACKGROUND: The negative side effects of breast cancer treatments can include upper limb lymphoedema. The growing literature indicates that Nordic walking is an effective discipline against several disease symptoms. The aim of this study was to determine whether introduction to Nordic walking alone is effective against total body extracellular water and upper limb circumferences in breast cancer survivors compared to its combination with a series of specifically created exercises (i.e...
December 2016: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228032/structure-and-mechanisms-underlying-ion-transport-in-ternary-polymer-electrolytes-containing-ionic-liquids
#10
Santosh Mogurampelly, Venkat Ganesan
We use all atom molecular dynamics simulations to investigate the influence of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate (BMIMPF6) ionic liquid on the structure and transport properties of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) polymer electrolytes doped with LiPF6 salt. We observe enhanced diffusivities of the Li(+), PF6(-), and BMIM(+) ions with increasing loading of the ionic liquid. Interplay between the different ion-ion and ion-polymer interactions is seen to lead to a destabilization of the Li-PF6 coordination and increase in the strength of association between the Li(+) cations and the polymer backbone...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228026/general-technique-for-analytical-derivatives-of-post-projected-hartree-fock
#11
Takashi Tsuchimochi, Seiichiro Ten-No
In electronic structure theory, the availability of an analytical derivative is one of the desired features for a method to be useful in practical applications, as it allows for geometry optimization as well as computation of molecular properties. With the recent advances in the development of symmetry-projected Hartree-Fock (PHF) methods, we here aim at further extensions by devising the analytic gradients of post-PHF approaches with a special focus on spin-extended (spin-projected) configuration interaction with single and double substitutions (ECISD)...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228025/variability-in-the-relaxation-behavior-of-glass-impact-of-thermal-history-fluctuations-and-fragility
#12
Qiuju Zheng, John C Mauro
Glasses are nonequilibrium materials that continuously relax toward the metastable supercooled liquid state. As such, the properties of a glass depend on both its composition and thermal history. When an initially cooled glass is subjected to additional thermal cycles, relaxation during the heat treatment is accelerated, leading to changes in the macroscopic properties of the glass. This relaxation behavior is intrinsic to the glassy state and of critical interest to the high-tech glass industry. In many practical cases, the magnitude of the relaxation is less important than the variability of the relaxation effects due to slight variations in the thermal history experienced by the glass...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228005/strained-germanium-quantum-well-pmosfets-on-soi-with-mobility-enhancement-by-external-uniaxial-stress
#13
Yan Liu, Jiebin Niu, Hongjuan Wang, Genquan Han, Chunfu Zhang, Qian Feng, Jincheng Zhang, Yue Hao
Well-behaved Ge quantum well (QW) p-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (pMOSFETs) were fabricated on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) substrate. By optimizing the growth conditions, ultrathin fully strained Ge film was directly epitaxially grown on SOI at about 450 °C using ultra-high vacuum chemical vapor deposition. In situ Si2H6 passivation of Ge was utilized to form a high-quality SiO2/Si interfacial layer between the high-κ dielectric and channels. Strained Ge QW pMOSFETs achieve the significantly improved effective hole mobility μ eff as compared with the relaxed Si and Ge control devices...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227811/detection-of-movement-related-cortical-potential-effects-of-causal-vs-non-causal-processing
#14
Omid G Sani, Ricardo Chavarriaga, Mohammad B Shamsollahi, Jose Del R Millan, Omid G Sani, Ricardo Chavarriaga, Mohammad B Shamsollahi, Jose Del R Millan, Mohammad B Shamsollahi, Omid G Sani, Ricardo Chavarriaga, Jose R Del Millan
Movement Related Cortical Potentials (MRCP) have been the subject of numerous studies. They accompany many self-initiated movements and this makes them a good candidate for incorporation in BCI paradigms. In this work we propose a novel experimental protocol involving natural controlling of a computer mouse and based on EEG recordings from 5 subjects, show that it elicits MRCP. We also show the feasibility of online detection of MRCP by implementing a classification based detection framework. Additionally, we discuss the adverse effects of causality restriction on detection performance by implementing an additional offline approach relaxing those restrictions and comparing the results...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227682/development-of-ocular-viscosity-characterization-method
#15
Shu-Hao Lu, Guo-Zhen Chen, Stanley Y Y Leung, David C C Lam, Shu-Hao Lu, Guo-Zhen Chen, Stanley Y Y Leung, David C C Lam, David C C Lam, Shu-Hao Lu, Guo-Zhen Chen, Stanley Y Y Leung
Glaucoma is the second leading cause for blindness. Irreversible and progressive optic nerve damage results when the intraocular pressure (IOP) exceeds 21 mmHg. The elevated IOP is attributed to blocked fluid drainage from the eye. Methods to measure the IOP are widely available, but methods to measure the viscous response to blocked drainage has yet been developed. An indentation method to characterize the ocular flow is developed in this study. Analysis of the load-relaxation data from indentation tests on drainage-controlled porcine eyes showed that the blocked drainage is correlated with increases in ocular viscosity...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227639/investigation-of-a-passive-capstan-based-grasp-enhancement-feature-in-a-voluntary-closing-prosthetic-terminal-device
#16
Kevin D Gemmell, Michael T Leddy, Joseph T Belter, Aaron M Dollar, Kevin D Gemmell, Michael T Leddy, Joseph T Belter, Aaron M Dollar, Joseph T Belter, Kevin D Gemmell, Michael T Leddy, Aaron M Dollar
Body-powered prosthetic terminal devices fall into two main categories: voluntary-closing devices, which require the user to exert a force to maintain a grasp, and voluntary opening devices, which generally utilize springs to close and maintain a force. As a result, voluntary-closing devices often have a locking feature that allows the user to relax and transport objects while maintaining a firm grip. In this paper, we examine a new type of capstan-based passive brake mechanism in a voluntary-closing prosthetic terminal device...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227632/a-wearable-system-for-asymmetric-contactless-human-sensing
#17
Henry Griffith, Yan Shi, Subir Biswas, Henry Griffith, Yan Shi, Subir Biswas, Henry Griffith, Subir Biswas, Yan Shi
A wearable sensor capable of detecting the presence of humans within a front-facing 90-degree sector of varying radius is demonstrated herein. The system offers extensive applicability across a variety of scenarios where detecting the parameters of human interaction, including separation distance and duration, is of value. Sensing is accomplished using an ultrasonic distance and passive infrared sensor. This design improves upon previous approaches presented in the literature by eliminating privacy concerns associated with audio and video capture, and also relaxing the requirement that both interacting individuals be in possession of dedicated hardware...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227600/modeling-the-debye-dielectric-response-in-the-time-domain-for-a-liquid-crystal-based-biopotential-optrode
#18
Hrishikesh Srinivas, Amr Al Abed, Francois Ladouceur, Nigel H Lovell, Leonardo Silvestri, Hrishikesh Srinivas, Amr Al Abed, Francois Ladouceur, Nigel H Lovell, Leonardo Silvestri, Hrishikesh Srinivas, Nigel H Lovell, Francois Ladouceur, Leonardo Silvestri, Amr Al Abed
Multielectrode arrays (MEAs) are widely used for recording biopotentials, with an ongoing research effort to improve their characteristics and performance. In this spirit, we are currently investigating a novel concept for a liquid crystal-based optical electrode (optrode) that has the potential to overcome some of the limitations of MEAs, including that of wiring complexity. In this paper we present a model to fully describe the electrical response of the proposed optrode to biopotentials, taking into account dielectric relaxation...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227331/assessing-the-development-of-fetal-myocardial-function-by-a-novel-doppler-myocardial-performance-index
#19
Ahsan H Khandoker, F Marzbanrad, Y Kimura, Saeed Al Nuaimi, M Palaniswami, Ahsan H Khandoker, F Marzbanrad, Y Kimura, Saeed Al Nuaimi, M Palaniswami, Ahsan H Khandoker, Y Kimura, Saeed Al Nuaimi, F Marzbanrad, M Palaniswami
Doppler-derived myocardial performance index are used to assess aspects of systolic and diastolic function in adult as well as fetal heart. The Tei Index (TI) is a useful and non-invasive tool. The aim of this study was to determine normal values of fetal left ventricular (LV) TI in early (16-32 weeks) and late trimester (35-41 weeks) fetuses and to develop a new myocardial performance index (K-index; KI) which focuses on fetal diastolic interval when oxygenated blood from the placenta filled in the LV. Simultaneous recordings of Doppler Ultrasound Signal (DUS) of the LV outflow tracts and fetal electrocardiogram signals were obtained in 55 early- and late-trimester fetuses...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227095/a-small-portable-battery-powered-brain-computer-interface-system-for-motor-rehabilitation
#20
Colin M McCrimmon, Ming Wang, Lucas Silva Lopes, Po T Wang, Alireza Karimi-Bidhendi, Charles Y Liu, Payam Heydari, Zoran Nenadic, An H Do, Colin M McCrimmon, Ming Wang, Lucas Silva Lopes, Po T Wang, Alireza Karimi-Bidhendi, Charles Y Liu, Payam Heydari, Zoran Nenadic, An H Do, Ming Wang, An H Do, Zoran Nenadic, Colin M McCrimmon, Alireza Karimi-Bidhendi, Lucas Silva Lopes, Po T Wang, Charles Y Liu, Payam Heydari
Motor rehabilitation using brain-computer interface (BCI) systems may facilitate functional recovery in individuals after stroke or spinal cord injury. Nevertheless, these systems are typically ill-suited for widespread adoption due to their size, cost, and complexity. In this paper, a small, portable, and extremely cost-efficient (<;$200) BCI system has been developed using a custom electroencephalographic (EEG) amplifier array, and a commercial microcontroller and touchscreen. The system's performance was tested using a movement-related BCI task in 3 able-bodied subjects with minimal previous BCI experience...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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