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Pes valgus

Gary M LiMarzi, Kurt F Scherer, Michael L Richardson, David R Warden, Christopher W Wasyliw, Jack A Porrino, Christopher R Pettis, Gideon Lewis, Christopher C Mason, Laura W Bancroft
A variety of surgical procedures exist for repair of both traumatic and degenerative osseous and soft-tissue pathologic conditions involving the foot and ankle. It is necessary for the radiologist to be familiar with these surgical procedures, so as to assess structural integrity, evaluate for complicating features, and avoid diagnostic pitfalls. Adequate interpretation of postoperative changes often requires access to surgical documentation to evaluate not only the surgery itself but the expected timeline for resolution of normal postoperative changes versus progressive disease...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Mark E Hake, James A Goulet
Posteromedial fractures of the tibial plateau are often encountered after high-energy injuries. They can be seen in isolation or in combination with lateral column fractures. These fractures must be recognized and stabilized independently of any lateral sided fracture to ensure the stability of the final construct. First described in 1997, the Lobenhoffer approach provides access to the posteromedial and posterior aspects of the proximal tibia, allowing for reduction and stabilization of fractures in this location with a posteromedial plate...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Zhanyong Mei, Kamen Ivanov, Guoru Zhao, Huihui Li, Lei Wang
In the study of biomechanics of different foot types, temporal or spatial parameters derived from plantar pressure are often used. However, there is no comparative study of complexity and regularity of the center of pressure (CoP) during the stance phase among pes valgus, pes cavus, hallux valgus and normal foot. We aim to analyze whether CoP sample entropy characteristics differ among these four foot types. In our experiment participated 40 subjects with normal feet, 40 with pes cavus, 19 with pes valgus and 36 with hallux valgus...
June 16, 2016: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Nicolas Bocahut, Anne-Laure Simon, Keyvan Mazda, Brice Ilharreborde, Philippe Souchet
PURPOSE: Two conservative techniques for clubfoot treatment are still being debated and depend upon the institution's expertise. For >40 years, the current institution has been a pioneer in the development of the physiotherapy method; however, some severe deformities remain resistant to this method which causes pain, sprains, and difficulties wearing shoes. Therefore, a surgical approach was developed simultaneously for the treatment of these residual or recurring clubfeet. The procedure reproduces the same chronological steps by performing forefoot derotation before correcting hindfoot equinus...
April 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
Hiroki Tanikawa, Hitoshi Kagaya, Eiichi Saitoh, Kenichi Ozaki, Satoshi Hirano, Norihide Itoh, Junya Yamada, Yoshikiyo Kanada
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of botulinum toxin A (BoNTA) injection on spasticity is usually measured using Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS), but this only evaluates muscle tone at rest and has poor reliability. There are no reports that quantitatively evaluate pes varus during walking after botulinum treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of BoNTA injection on pes varus during gait using 3-dimensional motion analysis. METHODS: Twenty-four hemiplegic patients with spastic pes varus deformity during gait received BoNTA injection into lower limb muscles...
October 2015: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Jyoti Sharma, Umur Aydogan
BACKGROUND: Radiographic angles, such as the intermetatarsal angle, hallux valgus angle, and distal metatarsal articular angle, are commonly used to help guide operative planning for soft tissue and osseous treatment options for hallux valgus. Hallux valgus treatment in the setting of associated metatarsus adductus is less common and not well described. The presence of metatarsus adductus reduces the gap between the first and second metatarsals. Consequently, it complicates the measurement of the first-second intermetatarsal angle and can limit the area available for transposition of the first metatarsal head...
December 2015: Foot & Ankle International
Ulla Hellstrand Tang, Roland Zügner, Vera Lisovskaja, Jon Karlsson, Kerstin Hagberg, Roy Tranberg
OBJECTIVE: Foot deformities, neuropathy, and dysfunction in the lower extremities are known risk factors that increase plantar peak pressure (PP) and, as a result, the risk of developing foot ulcers in patients with diabetes. However, knowledge about the prevalence of these factors is still limited. The aim of the present study was to describe the prevalence of risk factors observed in patients with diabetes without foot ulcers and to explore possible connections between the risk factors and high plantar pressure...
2015: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
P Forkel, G Seppel, A Imhoff, W Petersen
OBJECTIVE: Restoration of the medial stability after acute lesion of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) and of the posteromedial complex in case of a high grade instability of the MCL. Stabilization against valgus stress and prevention of an increased posterior drawer in case of a lesion of the posterior oblique ligament (POL). INDICATIONS: Acute high grade instability (grade 3) of the MCL. Rupture of the POL in combination with a rupture of the PCL and/or of the ACL...
April 2015: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Jaclyn M Schwartz, Carl A Kihm, Craig A Camasta
Subtalar joint middle facet coalitions commonly present in children who have a painful, rigid, pes planovalgus foot type. The middle facet coalition allows rearfoot forces to be distributed medially through the coalition, and this can result in arthritis or lateral tarsal wedging. The senior author has used a wedged bone graft distraction subtalar joint arthrodesis to correct calcaneal valgus and restore the talar height in these patients. The tight, press-fit nature of the tricortical iliac crest allograft provides stability and can negate the need for internal fixation...
November 2015: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
David W Jenkins, Kimbal Cooper, Evelyn G Heigh
BACKGROUND: Persons with intellectual disabilities frequently have podiatric conditions. Limited information exists on their prevalence in international cohorts of Special Olympics (SO) athletes. Findings from multiple United States (US) venues are compared to those from athletes screened at the 2011 Special Olympics World Summer Games in Athens, Greece (ATHENS). METHODS: Data from Fit Feet screenings from 2096 ATHENS participants was compared to 7192 US participants...
March 2015: Foot
Yvonne M Golightly, Marian T Hannan, Alyssa B Dufour, Jordan B Renner, Joanne M Jordan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether hallux valgus (HV) was associated with potential risk factors, including foot pain in a large, biracial cohort of older men and women. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of cohort members of the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project, of whom 1,502 had complete clinical and demographic data available (mean age 68 years, mean body mass index [BMI] 31.3 kg/m(2) , 68% women, and 30% African American). The presence of HV was assessed visually using a validated examination...
May 2015: Arthritis Care & Research
Ossama El Shazly, Mohammed Mokhtar, Nasef Abdelatif, Mohamed Hegazy, Rana El Hilaly, Abeer El Zohairy, Eman Tawfik
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional and clinical outcome of combined TCC resection and medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy for treatment of symptomatic talocalcaneal coalition. METHOD: This is a prospective case series study on 27 patients (30 feet) who had symptomatic rigid pes planovalgus due to talocalcaneal coalition. All patients were treated by coalition resection and medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy. Pre-operative clinical and radiological assessment was done...
December 2014: International Orthopaedics
Shuji Taketomi, Eiji Uchiyama, Takumi Nakagawa, Hideki Takeda, Shuichi Nakayama, Atsushi Fukai, Takaki Sanada, Hiroshi Iwaso
BACKGROUND: Medial collateral ligament tibial avulsion is rare. Consequently, diagnostic criteria and a treatment regimen for medial collateral ligament tibial side avulsions remain to be established. The purpose of this study is to clarify the clinical features of medial collateral ligament tibial side avulsions. METHODS: We performed a retrospective clinical and magnetic resonance imaging review of a consecutive series of 12 medial collateral ligament tibial side avulsions...
December 2014: Knee
Anna Gogola, Edward Saulicz, Michał Kuszewski, Małgorzata Matyja, Andrzej Myśliwiec
Lower postural tone is not always associated with central nervous system structural damage. There is such kind of tone that stays within the broadly defined normal range, but is characterized by distinct decrease of tone of the deep muscles responsible for stabilization. External syndromes are features of active or passive compensation observed in the postural and motor patterns. Active compensation of the lower muscle tone is associated with excessive use of the superficial muscles for stabilization that leads to limitation of motion in the joints and to functional shortening of some muscles...
July 2014: Developmental Period Medicine
Susan A Rethlefsen, Danny T Nguyen, Tishya A L Wren, Matthew D Milewski, Robert M Kay
BACKGROUND: Knee pain in cerebral palsy (CP) is associated with increased patellofemoral forces present when walking with flexed knees. In typically developing children, knee pain and patellofemoral dysfunction are associated with obesity, genu valgum, femoral anteversion, and external tibial torsion. These problems are also common in CP, and may contribute to knee problems in this population. The purposes of this study were to define the prevalence of knee pain and patellofemoral dysfunction in children with CP, and to identify physical and gait characteristics (using 3-dimensional gait analysis data) that predispose them to such problems...
July 2015: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Muayad Kadhim, Freeman Miller
Pes planovalgus deformity is common in children with cerebral palsy. In planovalgus foot, the talus subluxates medially, the calcaneus is in valgus, and the forefoot is in supination and external rotation related to the midfoot. In young children, mild planovalgus feet can be managed with orthotics. Surgery is indicated if the deformity is not reducible or if the patient cannot tolerate orthotics during functional activities. The surgery can be calcaneal lengthening or subtalar fusion to restore a stable plantigrade foot and achieve hindfoot correction...
September 2014: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Thomas A Brosky, Joshua J Mann, Sean Patrick Dunn, Grant W Gonzalez
Damaging effects of joint function can occur after fractures of the lower extremity that have healed with an angular malunion. Surgical techniques have been described to restore the normal mechanics and establish a plantigrade foot, including osteotomy and fusion. In the present report, we describe a unique case of a 17-year-old male who had initially experienced a severe injury to his left lower extremity and foot when he had been run over by a jeep. Originally, a Lisfranc injury with navicular and cuboid fractures were surgically corrected...
July 2014: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Sarah Grotto, Valérie Drouin-Garraud, Katrin Ounap, Helen Puusepp-Benazzouz, Janneke Schuurs-Hoeijmakers, Nathalie Le Meur, Pascal Chambon, Séverine Fehrenbach, Hans van Bokhoven, Thierry Frébourg, Arjan P M de Brouwer, Pascale Saugier-Veber
Truncating mutations of the BRWD3 gene have been reported in two distinct families with in total four patients so far. By using array-CGH, we detected a 74 Kb de novo deletion encompassing exons 11 through 41 of BRWD3 at Xq21.1 in a 20 year old boy presenting with syndromic intellectual disability. In addition, by using exome sequencing, we ascertained a family with a BRWD3 nonsense mutation, p.Tyr1131*, in four males with intellectual disability. We compared the clinical presentation of these five patients to that of the four patients already described in the literature for further delineation of the clinical spectrum in BRWD3-related intellectual disability...
April 2014: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Wolf Petersen, Andree Ellermann, Andreas Gösele-Koppenburg, Raymond Best, Ingo Volker Rembitzki, Gerd-Peter Brüggemann, Christian Liebau
UNLABELLED: The patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a possible cause for anterior knee pain, which predominantly affects young female patients without any structural changes such as increased Q-angle or significant chondral damage. This literature review has shown that PFPS development is probably multifactorial with various functional disorders of the lower extremity. Biomechanical studies described patellar maltracking and dynamic valgus in PFPS patients (functional malalignment)...
October 2014: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Zhanyong Mei, Guoru Zhao, Kamen Ivanov, Yanwei Guo, Qingsong Zhu, Yongjin Zhou, Lei Wang
BACKGROUND: Motion characteristics of CoP (Centre of Pressure, the point of application of the resultant ground reaction force acting on the plate) are useful for foot type characteristics detection. To date, only few studies have investigated the nonlinear characteristics of CoP velocity and acceleration during the stance phase. The aim of this study is to investigate whether CoP regularity is different among four foot types (normal foot, pes valgus, hallux valgus and pes cavus); this might be useful for classification and diagnosis of foot injuries and diseases...
2013: Biomedical Engineering Online
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