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Hamid Rashtbari, Mazdak Razi, Hassan Hassani-Bafrani, Hamed Najaran
BACKGROUND: Varicocele is present in 10-20% of the male infertile population. PURPOSE: Present study was done to demonstrate the reinforcing effect of berberine (BBR), as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent, on Sertoli cells-related niche and spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) self-renewal in experimentally-induced VCL condition. STUDY DESIGN: 50 mature male Wistar rats were divided into control, control-sham, non-treated VCL-induced, 50 mg kg-1 and 100 mg kg-1 BBR-treated VCL-induced groups...
February 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Masoome Jabarpour, Parviz Tajik
Background: Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are undifferentiated cells which are highly reproducible and expandable. Several studies have been conducted to reproduce these cells in culture. They used growth factors, hormones and different feeder cells to improve survival and proliferation of SSCs. Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) on gene expression of fibroblast growth factor (FGF2) and glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in Sertoli cells...
December 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Jinglong Zhang, Hongxia Cao, Jing Xie, Chen Fan, Youlong Xie, Xin He, Mingzhi Liao, Shiqiang Zhang, Huayan Wang
Unipotent spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) can be efficiently reprogrammed into pluripotent stem cells only by manipulating the culture condition, without introducing exogenous reprogramming factors. This phenotype raises the hypothesis that the endogenous transcription factors (TFs) in SSCs may facilitate reprogramming to acquire pluripotency. In this study, we screened a pool of SSCs TFs (Bcl6b, Lhx1, Foxo1, Plzf, Id4, Taf4b, and Etv5), and found that oncogene Etv5 could dramatically increase the efficiency of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) generation when combined with Yamanaka factors...
February 14, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Yue Gu, Aifang Li, Hui Sun, Xueru Li, He Zha, Jiali Zhao, Jiaqing Xie, Zongyue Zeng, Lan Zhou
B‑cell CLL/lymphoma 6 member B (BCL6B), a BCL6‑homologous gene, has been reported to be a tumor suppressor that is silenced in a variety of human cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Although it was recently demonstrated that reduced expression of BCL6B is associated with tumor stage and lymph node metastasis in CRC, little is known on whether BCL6B contributes to CRC development, or the related underlying mechanism. The aim of the present study was to detect BCL6B expression in CRC cells, and determine the molecular mechanisms underlying the role of BCL6B in CRC development by investigating cell proliferation and migration in vitro...
May 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Shan-Shan Liu, Yin-Shan Bai, Li Feng, Wen-Wei Dong, Yang Li, Li-Ping Xu, Ning-Fang Ma
Chromodomain helicase/ATPase DNA binding protein 1-like gene (Chd1l) participates in chromatin-dependent processes, including transcriptional activation and DNA repair. In this study, we have found for the first time that Chd1l is mainly expressed in the testicular tissues of prepubertal and adult mice and colocalized with PLZF, OCT4, and GFRα1 in the neonatal mouse testis and THY1(+) undifferentiated spermatogonia or spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). Knockdown of endogenous Chd1l in cultured mouse undifferentiated SSCs inhibited the expression levels of Oct4, Plzf, Gfrα1, and Pcna genes, suppressed SSC colony formation, and reduced BrdU incorporation, while increasing SSC apoptosis...
2016: Stem Cells International
Jing Wei, Linyan Liu, Zhenhua Fan, Yunhan Hong, Yang Zhao, Linyan Zhou, Deshou Wang
The origin and evolution of molecular mechanisms underlying the self-renewal and differentiation of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are fundamental questions in stem cell biology as well as reproduction medicine. In mammals, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is crucial for SSC self-renewal and maintenance. However, in nonmammals, the role of Gdnf in SSCs still remains unknown. In this study, we report that the two GDNF homologs from medaka fish (Oryzias latipes), namely OlGdnfa and OlGdnfb, can promote proliferation activity and retain the spermatogonial property of SG3, a spermatogonial cell line derived from adult medaka showing the intrinsic property of SSCs by self-renewal and differentiation potential during 2 years of culture...
February 1, 2017: Stem Cells and Development
Yasuhiro Aso, Kenichiro Nakamura, Noriyuki Kimura, Makoto Takemaru, Ryuki Arakawa, Minoru Fujiki, Teruyuki Hirano, Toshihide Kumamoto, Etsuro Matsubara
BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular white matter lesions (WMLs) are associated with cognitive impairment in patients with subcortical vascular dementia. We performed a comprehensive gene expression analysis to elucidate genes associated with WML development in a chronic cerebral hypoperfusion rat model. METHODS: Brains of rats with bilateral carotid ligation (2VO, n = 10) and sham-operated rats (n = 5-10/group) were removed on days 1, 7, or 28 after surgery. Total RNA isolated from the corpus callosum was evaluated by microarray analysis and quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction...
2017: Pathobiology: Journal of Immunopathology, Molecular and Cellular Biology
Sohrab Boozarpour, Maryam M Matin, Madjid Momeni-Moghaddam, Hesam Dehghani, Naser Mahdavi-Shahri, Sajjad Sisakhtnezhad, Asieh Heirani-Tabasi, Muhammad Irfan-Maqsood, Ahmad Reza Bahrami
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are known with the potential of multi-lineage differentiation. Advances in differentiation technology have also resulted in the conversion of MSCs to other kinds of stem cells. MSCs are considered as a suitable source of cells for biotechnology purposes because they are abundant, easily accessible and well characterized cells. Nowadays small molecules are introduced as novel and efficient factors to differentiate stem cells. In this work, we examined the potential of glial cell derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) for differentiating chicken MSCs toward spermatogonial stem cells...
June 2016: Tissue & Cell
B-L Zhong, L-J Bian, G-M Wang, Y-F Zhou, Y-Y Chen, F Peng
OBJECTIVE: As an invasive cancer, breast cancer is the most common tumour in women and is with high mortality. To study the mechanisms of HER2-positive breast cancer, we analyzed microarray of GSE52194. MATERIALS AND METHODS: GSE52194 was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus including 5 HER2-positive breast cancer samples and 3 normal breast samples. Using cuffdiff software, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and differentially expressed long non-coding RNAs (DE-lncRNAs) were screened...
2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
M Bahadorani, S M Hosseini, P Abedi, H Abbasi, M H Nasr-Esfahani
Growth factors are increasingly considered as important regulators of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). This study investigated the effects of various growth factors (GDNF, IGF1, bFGF, EGF and GFRalpha-1) on purification and colonization of undifferentiated goat SSCs under in vitro and in vivo conditions. Irrespective of the culture condition used, the first signs of developing colonies were observed from day 4 of culture onwards. The number of colonies developed in GDNF + IGF1 + bFGF culture condition was significantly higher than the other groups (p < 0...
2015: Growth Factors
Sui Hu, Baoping Cao, Meiying Zhang, Enqiang Linghu, Qimin Zhan, Malcolm V Brock, James G Herman, Gaoping Mao, Mingzhou Guo
BCL6B, a homologue of BCL6, has been reported to be frequently methylated in human gastric cancer. The epigenetic change and the function of BCL6B remains to be elucidated in colorectal cancer. 7 colorectal cancer cell lines (RKO, HT-29, DLD1, LOVO, HCT116, SW480, SW620) and 102 cases of primary colorectal cancer samples were used in this study. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR, methylation specific PCR (MSP), Flow cytometry and western blot were employed. Loss of BCL6B expression was found in HT29, RKO LOVO, SW480, SW620 and DLD1 cells, and reduced expression was found in HCT116 cell line...
2015: American Journal of Cancer Research
Weilin Wang, Pengfei Huang, Panyisha Wu, Rong Kong, Jiang Xu, Lufei Zhang, Qifan Yang, Qingsong Xie, Linshi Zhang, Xiaohu Zhou, Linghui Chen, Haiyang Xie, Lin Zhou, Shusen Zheng
B cell CLL/lymphoma 6 member B (BCL6B) is expressed in many normal tissues but expressed at very low levels in cancer tissues. It was reported that BCL6B inhibits hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) metastases, but the exact role of BCL6B in HCC remains to be investigated. BCL6B expression was significantly decreased in HCC tissues compared with paired non-cancer tissues. Low BCL6B expression in tumors was correlated with shorter overall survival in patients, and multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that BCL6B expression was an independent prognostic factor for human HCC patients...
August 21, 2015: Oncotarget
Xin Li, Jie Yu, Malcolm V Brock, Qian Tao, James G Herman, Ping Liang, Mingzhou Guo
BCL6B is a potential tumor suppressor in human gastric cancer, but the regulation and mechanism of BCL6B in human hepatocellular carcinogenesis remain unclear. This study is to explore the epigenetic change and mechanism of BCL6B in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Nineteen hepatic cancer cell lines, 50 cases of adjacent tissue and 149 cases of HCC samples were employed. BCL6B is methylated in 100% (19/19) of human HCC cell lines, 40.0% (20/50) of adjacent tissue samples and 86.6% (129/149) of primary cancer samples...
May 10, 2015: Oncotarget
Zhiwei Niu, Liming Zheng, Siyu Wu, Hailong Mu, Fanglin Ma, Wencong Song, Haijing Zhu, Jiang Wu, Xin He, Jinlian Hua
Spermatogonia stem cells (SSCs), also named the male germline stem cells (mGSCs), which is located at the base of the seminiferous tubules of testis, is the basis for generating sperm steadily in male animals. Currently, there are some preliminary study on the self-renewal and differentiation of SSCs, but further mechanism, especially in large animals, has not been clearly understood. Ras/ERK1/2 pathway is widely distributed in multiple cells in vivo. It plays an important role in cell proliferation, differentiation and so on...
May 2015: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Sajjad Sisakhtnezhad, Ahmad Reza Bahrami, Maryam M Matin, Hesam Dehghani, Madjid Momeni-Moghaddam, Sohrab Boozarpour, Moein Farshchian, Mahtab Dastpak
Although chicken spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) have received considerable attention in recent years, only a few studies so far have focused on their derivation and characterization in vitro. Identification of specific molecular biomarkers and differentiation capacity of chicken SSCs would not only help us to understand cell and molecular biology of these cells, but also can contribute to their applications in biotechnology. In this regard, we found that colony-forming cells (SSCs) in newborn chicken testicular cell cultures were positive for alkaline phosphatase activity and also expressed specific markers including DAZL, STRA-8, CVH, PLZF, SPRY-1, GFRα1, GDNF, POU5F1, NANOG, GPR125, THY-1, c-KIT, and BCL6B, at mRNA level...
April 2015: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Jia Wang, Ling Dong, Lixia Xu, Eagle S H Chu, Yangchao Chen, Jiayun Shen, Xiaoxing Li, Chi Chun Wong, Joseph J Y Sung, Jun Yu
B cell CLL/lymphoma 6 member B (BCL6B) is a novel tumor suppressor silenced in human cancer. In this study, we investigated the functional role and underlying mechanisms of BCL6B in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). BCL6B was expressed in normal HCC tissues, but its expression was suppressed in 6 out of 9 HCC cell lines. Loss of BCL6B expression was associated with promoter hypermethylation. Ectopic expression of BCL6B in HepG2 and Huh7 cell lines inhibited colony formation (P <0.05), cell viability (P <0...
December 28, 2014: Cancer Letters
Jingyu Deng, Han Liang, Qiuping Dong, Yachao Hou, Xingming Xie, Jun Yu, Daiming Fan, Xishan Hao
The methylation of B-cell CLL/lymphoma 6 member B (BCL6B) DNA promoter was detected in several malignancies. Here, we quantitatively detect the methylated status of CpG sites of BCL6B DNA promoter of 459 patients with gastric cancer (GC) by using bisulfite gene sequencing. We show that patients with three or more methylated CpG sites in the BCL6B promoter were significantly associated with poor survival. Furthermore, by using the Akaike information criterion value calculation, we show that the methylated count of BCL6B promoter was identified to be the optimal prognostic predictor of GC patients...
July 2014: Open Biology
Xue Yu, Hasan Riaz, Ping Dong, Zhenlu Chong, Xuan Luo, Aixin Liang, Liguo Yang
Development of suitable selective marker for buffalo spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs), optimization of long-term IVC conditions, and their pluripotent retention capacity in buffaloes can be of prime importance in selective genetic modifications of this species. In the present study, we identified CDH1 as a specific marker for buffalo SSCs and revealed that it existed in two protein isoforms (large [135 kDa] and small [90 kDa] subunits) in the buffalo testis; furthermore, immunohistochemical analysis revealed that CDH1 expression was present in spermatogonia but absent in the somatic cells of 4-month-old buffalo testis...
June 2014: Theriogenology
Hye-Won Song, Miles F Wilkinson
Spermatogenesis is a multistep process that generates millions of spermatozoa per day in mammals. A key to this process is the spermatogonial stem cell (SSC), which has the dual property of continually renewing and undergoing differentiation into a spermatogonial progenitor that expands and further differentiates. In this review, we will focus on how these proliferative and early differentiation steps in mammalian male germ cells are controlled by transcription factors. Most of the transcription factors that have so far been identified as promoting SSC self-renewal (BCL6B, BRACHYURY, ETV5, ID4, LHX1, and POU3F1) are upregulated by glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF)...
June 2014: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
Xiaoli Zhang, Kun Shi, Yi Li, Haiyu Zhang, Jing Hao
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can reduce sperm count and sperm quality. The molecular mechanisms underlying this process are not fully understood. In this report, we investigated the effects of LPS-treated Sertoli cells on self-renewal and differentiation of spermatogoinial stem cells (SSCs). Sertoli cell cultures were established and incubated with LPS (10μg/ml) for 1, 2 or 3 days, respectively. The culture media were collected and used as conditioned media (CM) to culture SSCs. The expression of glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), stem cell factor (SCF) and bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) in Sertoli cells treated with LPS was analyzed by RT-PCR and Western blotting...
June 2014: Reproductive Toxicology
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