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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197053/large-in-transient-left-ventricular-thrombus-due-to-anabolic-steroid-induced-cardiomyopathy
#1
Feridoun Sabzi, Reza Faraji
The presence of small or moderate size thrombosis is not uncommon in left ventricle (LV) as results of basic co-moribund disease, but huge LV thrombosis that protrudes to aortic valve in the LV outflow tract (LVOT) tract is an exceptionally rare phenomenon. We report a 34-year-old bodybuilder athlete with cardiomyopathy and massive LV thrombosis. The thrombosis extended to LVOT and protruded through the aortic valve in systole and posed a high risk of systemic emboli. The patient underwent open heart surgery, and the clot was removed...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179492/indicator-amino-acid-derived-estimate-of-dietary-protein-requirement-for-male-bodybuilders-on-a-nontraining-day-is-several-fold-greater-than-the-current-recommended-dietary-allowance
#2
Arash Bandegan, Glenda Courtney-Martin, Mahroukh Rafii, Paul B Pencharz, Peter Wr Lemon
Background: Despite a number of studies indicating increased dietary protein needs in bodybuilders with the use of the nitrogen balance technique, the Institute of Medicine (2005) has concluded, based in part on methodologic concerns, that "no additional dietary protein is suggested for healthy adults undertaking resistance or endurance exercise."Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the dietary protein requirement of healthy young male bodybuilders ( with ≥3 y training experience) on a nontraining day by measuring the oxidation of ingested l-[1-(13)C]phenylalanine to (13)CO2 in response to graded intakes of protein [indicator amino acid oxidation (IAAO) technique]...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127424/the-cost-of-seeking-an-edge-recurrent-renal-infarction-in-setting-of-recreational-use-of-anabolic-steroids
#3
Shaun Colburn, W Kurtis Childers, Alex Chacon, Alexa Swailes, Fauzan M Ahmed, Rajinder Sahi
INTRODUCTION: Anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use and testosterone therapy have been well established risk factors for the creation of a pro-thrombotic state, and to precipitate formation of thromboemboli in individuals already predisposed to thrombosis. CASE REPORT: Here, we present the case of an amateur bodybuilder, with a negative thrombophilia workup, who experienced primary renal infarction while using the AAS trenbolone acetate and testosterone, as well as a subsequent renal infarction while anticoagulated with apixaban...
February 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074767/-diet-consisting-mainly-of-sunflower-seeds-and-chicken-as-the-cause-of-small-bowel-obstruction-in-a-bodybuilder
#4
Tine Thorup, Rasmus Fabricius
Diet-induced small bowel obstruction is a rare condition in young, healthy patients. We describe a case of a 26-year-old man, who presented with acute small bowel obstruction. During a period of eight days prior to admission the patient had been eating an extremely restricted diet along with a regulated intake of fluids. The diet was part of a preparation for a major fitness contest. We chose a conservative treatment of IV fluids and laxatives, and the patient recovered uneventfully.
January 9, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955960/the-risk-environment-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroid-users-in-the-uk-examining-motivations-practices-and-accounts-of-use
#5
Gisella Hanley Santos, Ross Coomber
BACKGROUND: The numbers using illicit anabolic-androgenic steroids are a cause of concern for those seeking to reduce health harms. Using the 'risk environment' as a conceptual framework to better comprehend how steroid users' practices and perspectives impact on health risks, this paper examines steroid user motivations, patterns of use, and the ways in which these practices are accounted for. METHODS: As part of a wider mixed-method study into performance and image enhancing drug (PIED) use and supply in one mid-sized city in South West England, qualitative interviews were undertaken with 22 steroid users...
December 7, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937337/a-jaundiced-bodybuilder-cholestatic-hepatitis-as-side-effect-of-injectable-anabolic-androgenic-steroids
#6
Marije N Boks, Anton T Tiebosch, Laurens A van der Waaij
The use of anabolic steroids is prevalent in recreational athletes. This case report describes a young amateur bodybuilder who was referred to our outpatient clinic with jaundice and loss of appetite due to cholestatic hepatitis. Additional tests including a liver biopsy made it likely that the hepatitis was caused by the injectable anabolic steroid trenbolone enanthate. Cholestatic hepatitis may not be limited to the use of oral anabolic-androgenic steroids, as is widely assumed. Therefore, and because of other side effects, the recreational use of all forms of anabolic steroids should be discouraged...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934656/the-safety-and-regulatory-process-for-amino-acids-in-europe-and-the-united-states
#7
REVIEW
Ashley Roberts
The safety of long-term, high-dose amino acid consumption marketed as dietary supplements or functional or medical foods requires regulatory clearance in the European Union through the novel food process or through the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act or the GRAS (Generally Recognized As Safe) route in the United States. The safety assessment of high daily doses of amino acids for bodybuilding or other health benefits is expected to require human studies to support tolerability and safety. The need for human studies is based on the fact that there is little or no evidence of toxicity from the conduct of animal toxicity studies and because standard animal testing would be inappropriate because of the large dosages required to provide a suitable margin of safety when extrapolating from animals to humans...
December 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908914/muscle-mania-the-quest-for-the-perfect-body
#8
Maira Hameed, Ajay Sahu, Maria B Johnson
We describe the case of a young man with repeated hospital presentations for a variety of symptoms related to excessive bodybuilding and associated behaviours. He presented to our department (radiology) with right arm pain and loss of function. Ultrasound showed complete triceps rupture, rare in young patients and multiple cystic areas within the muscles of the arm. MRI revealed these to be multiple proteinaceous lesions within the muscle bellies and the possibility of self-innoculation was raised by the reporting radiologist...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875951/effect-of-supraphysiological-doses-of-nandrolone-decanoate-upon-aldosterone-concentration-and-serum-na-k-levels-in-albino-mice
#9
Parmita Chowdhury, Rita Mahanta
BACKGROUND: This article is a study of adverse effects associated with the abuse of recreational drugs such as Anabolic Androgenic Steroids. Nandrolone Decanoate is one such drug often abused by athletes and bodybuilders seeking enhanced physical strength or appearance. The use of such steroids has increased dramatically over the years. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to investigate the impact of nandrolone decanoate when consumed at an abused dose, upon serum aldosterone concentration in albino mice...
November 21, 2016: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826400/the-prevalence-and-characteristics-of-performance-enhancing-drug-use-among-bodybuilding-athletes-in-the-south-of-iran-bushehr
#10
Mohammad Javad Haerinejad, Afshin Ostovar, Mohamad Reza Farzaneh, Mojtaba Keshavarz
BACKGROUND: Several reports have implied progressive increase of performance-enhancing drug (PED) use among Iranian athletes. More importantly, most of the previous research in the Iranian population had mainly focused on the anabolic steroid abuse, and ignored other agents. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of PED use among bodybuilding athletes in Bushehr, south of Iran. METHODS: Four hundred and fifty three male bodybuilding athletes were recruited from Bushehr gyms between February and May of 2015...
September 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769805/bodybuilding-induced-mondor-s-disease-of-the-chest-wall
#11
Christian Tröbinger, Christian J Wiedermann
OBJECTIVE: To describe the association of bodybuilding abdominal exercise with the development of superficial sclerosing thrombophlebitis of the anterolateral thoracoabdominal wall. DESIGN: A single case study. SETTING: University-affiliated regional community hospital. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 54-year-old man presented with an otherwise unremarkable past medical history 4 weeks after the start of left-sided chest discomfort...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768997/exploring-the-social-lives-of-image-and-performance-enhancing-drugs-an-online-ethnography-of-the-zyzz-fandom-of-recreational-bodybuilders
#12
Mair Underwood
BACKGROUND: As a result of the mainstreaming of bodybuilding, the majority of image and performance enhancing drug (IPED) users are now not athletes or competitive bodybuilders, but recreational bodybuilders. Previous approaches provide little insight into how the shift from competitive to recreational contexts impacts the use of IPEDs. METHODS: In this study an online ethnographic approach is used to explore the social lives of IPEDs in a recreational context. The study focusses on the Zyzz fandom, an international online community of thousands of recreational bodybuilders who idolise the alleged IPED user Zyzz...
January 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695277/the-origins-of-western-mind-body-exercise-methods
#13
Jonathan Hoffman, C Philip Gabel
Background: Over recent decades, mind-body exercise methods have gained international popularity and importance in the management of musculoskeletal disorders. Objectives: The scope of this paper was to investigate: the origins of Western mind-body methods, their philosophies, exercises, and relationship with mainstream healthcare over the last two centuries. Major findings: Within a few decades of the turn of the 20th century, a cluster of mind-body exercise methods emerged from at least six pioneering founders: Checkley, Müller, Alexander, Randell, Pilates, and Morris...
November 2, 2015: Physical Therapy Reviews: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677775/liver-injury-from-herbal-and-dietary-supplements
#14
REVIEW
Victor J Navarro, Ikhlas Khan, Einar Björnsson, Leonard B Seeff, Jose Serrano, Jay H Hoofnagle
Herbal and dietary supplements (HDS) are used increasingly both in the United States and worldwide, and HDS-induced liver injury in the United States has increased proportionally. Current challenges in the diagnosis and management of HDS-induced liver injury were the focus of a 2-day research symposium sponsored by the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease and the National Institutes of Health. HDS-induced liver injury now accounts for 20% of cases of hepatotoxicity in the United States based on research data...
January 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648183/bodybuilding-championships-and-myotonia-congenita
#15
Mohammad Rohani, Shahnaz Miri, Alireza Rezai-Ashtiani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636402/co-contraction-training-muscle-explosive-force-and-associated-electromyography-activity
#16
Sana Zbidi, Badrane Zinoubi, Omar Hammouda, Henry Vandewalle, Virgile Serrau, Tarak Driss
BACKGROUND: The effects of a six-week maximal voluntary isometric co-contraction (MIVCC) training program of the elbow flexor and extensor muscles on maximal and explosive muscle strength have been studied. METHODS: Sixteen active men underwent 6-week MIVCC. Maximal rate of force development (MRFD) of the elbow flexor (MRFDflex) and extensor (MRFDext) were measured in addition to maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) of these muscles (MVCflex and MVCext) before (T0), after 4-week (T1) and 6-week (T2) MIVCC training program...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574781/social-suppliers-exploring-the-cultural-contours-of-the-performance-and-image-enhancing-drug-pied-market-among-bodybuilders-in-the-netherlands-and-belgium
#17
Katinka van de Ven, Kyle J D Mulrooney
BACKGROUND: This paper explores the understudied phenomenon of performance and image enhancing drug (PIED) markets by examining the structure and formation of the market for PIEDs among bodybuilders in the Netherlands and Belgium. This article specifically seeks to account for individual reasons and motivations for dealing PIEDs within these bodybuilding subcultures. Understanding illicit PIED markets is important for policy decisions as knowledge on the production and distribution of these substances may assist in designing law enforcement efforts, harm reduction initiatives and treatment options...
August 27, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438336/a-bodybuilder-with-weak-hands-and-feet-corticosteroid-responsive-pure-motor-chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyradiculoneuropathy-following-anabolic-steroid-use
#18
Raffi Topakian, Karl Stieglbauer, Thomas Wolfsegger, Robert Pichler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27361706/muscle-dysmorphia-symptoms-in-bodybuilders-and-non-bodybuilder-resistance-trainers-and-associated-psychological-characteristics-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-3137-board-202-june-3-2-00-pm-3-30-pm
#19
Lachlan Mitchell, Stephen Cobley, Daniel Hackett, Janelle Gifford, Louise Capling, Stuart Murray, Helen O'Connor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27332571/nursingstandard-com
#20
(no author information available yet)
1 Staff nurse Sammy Christie swapped ward rounds at Swansea's Morriston Hospital for flexing her muscles to win her first bodybuilding competition. Her victory at the Physical Culture Association's Welsh Championships was all the more impressive as she only took up the sport 18 months ago. Read more tinyurl.com/bodybuilding-nurse.
June 22, 2016: Nursing Standard
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