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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931130/challenges-to-providing-pre-travel-care-for-travellers-visiting-friends-and-relatives-an-audit-of-a-specialist-travel-medicine-clinic
#1
Kate Rowe, Nadia Chaves, Karin Leder
Travellers visiting friends and relatives (VFRs) often have complex pre-travel needs. We identified the characteristics, destinations, vaccinations and pre-travel advice provided to VFRs and compared these with non-VFR travellers. The significant differences we found suggest that future research should focus on improving the uptake of recommended interventions in VFR travellers.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930636/the-role-of-exact-exchange-and-relativistic-approximations-in-calculating-19-f-magnetic-shielding-in-solids-using-a-cluster-ansatz
#2
Fahri Alkan, Sean T Holmes, Cecil Dybowski
Calculations of (19)F magnetic shielding in various materials are presented. In calculations on gas-phase molecules, the variation of magnetic shielding with the amount of Hartree-Fock exchange (HFX) in the functional demonstrates that excellent agreement with experiment is obtained with an admixture of 50%, here denoted PBE0 (50%). Calculations at the PBE, PBE0 (25%), and PBE0 (50%) levels on 10 crystalline organofluorines and 15 crystalline inorganic fluorides, in which a cluster <I>ansatz</I> is used to model the lattice environment, were performed...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929780/characteristics-of-tables-for-disseminating-biobehavioral-results
#3
Barbara St Pierre Schneider, Ed Nagelhout, Du Feng
BACKGROUND: To report the complexity and richness of study variables within biological nursing research, authors often use tables; however, the ease with which consumers understand, synthesize, evaluate, and build upon findings depends partly upon table design. OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare table characteristics within research and review articles published in Biological Research for Nursing and Nursing Research. METHOD: A total of 10 elements in tables from 48 biobehavioral or biological research or review articles were analyzed...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929496/a-methylome-wide-association-study-of-trajectories-of-oppositional-defiant-behaviors-and-biological-overlap-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#4
Edward D Barker, Esther Walton, Charlotte A M Cecil, Richard Rowe, Sara R Jaffee, Barbara Maughan, Thomas G O'Connor, Argyris Stringaris, Alan J Meehan, Wendy McArdle, Caroline L Relton, Tom R Gaunt
In 671 mother-child (49% male) pairs from an epidemiological birth cohort, we investigated (a) prospective associations between DNA methylation (at birth) and trajectories (ages 7-13) of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and the ODD subdimensions of irritable and headstrong; (b) common biological pathways, indexed by DNA methylation, between ODD trajectories and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); (c) genetic influence on DNA methylation; and (d) prenatal risk exposure associations. Methylome-wide significant associations were identified for the ODD and headstrong, but not for irritable...
September 20, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929301/urban-heart-detroit-a-tool-to-better-understand-and-address-health-equity-gaps-in-the-city
#5
R Mehdipanah, A J Schulz, B A Israel, C Gamboa, Z Rowe, M Khan, A Allen
The Urban Health Equity Assessment Response Tool (Urban HEART) combines statistical evidence and community knowledge to address urban health inequities. This paper describes the process of adopting and implementing this tool for Detroit, Michigan, the first city in the USA to use it. The six steps of Urban HEART were implemented by the Healthy Environments Partnership, a community-based participatory research partnership made up of community-based organizations, health service providers, and researchers based in academic institutions...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928113/pdk4-inhibits-cardiac-pyruvate-oxidation-in-late-pregnancy
#6
Laura Liu, Glenn C Rowe, Steven Yang, Jian Li, Federico Damilano, Mun Chun Chan, Wenyun Lu, Cholsoon Jang, Shogo Wada, Michael Morley, Michael Hesse, Bernd K Fleischmann, Joshua Rabinowitz, Saumya Das, Anthony Rosenzweig, Zoltan Arany
Rationale: Pregnancy profoundly alters maternal physiology. The heart hypertrophies during pregnancy, but its metabolic adaptations are not well understood. Objective: To determine the mechanisms underlying cardiac substrate use during pregnancy. Methods and Results: We use here (13)C-glucose, (13)C-lactate, and (13)C-fatty acid tracing analyses to show that hearts in late pregnant mice increase fatty acid uptake and oxidation into the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, while reducing glucose and lactate oxidation...
September 19, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927881/four-year-outcomes-of-midcarpal-hemiarthroplasty-for-wrist-arthritis
#7
Marie Anneberg, Greg Packer, Joseph J Crisco, Scott Wolfe
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review the average 4-year outcomes of a cohort of patients with wrist arthritis, treated by a single surgeon with a novel prosthetic hemiarthroplasty of the midcarpal joint. We hypothesized that midcarpal hemiarthroplasty would improve range of motion and grip strength of patients with wrist arthritis, with a complication profile comparable with that of alternative solutions for wrist arthritis. METHODS: We reviewed a series of 20 patients treated with a midcarpal hemiarthroplasty at an average of 4 years following surgery...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925561/nestin-expressing-cell-types-in-the-temporal-lobe-and-hippocampus-morphology-differentiation-and-proliferative-capacity
#8
Joan Liu, Cheryl Reeves, Thomas Jacques, Andrew McEvoy, Anna Miserocchi, Pamela Thompson, Sanjay Sisodiya, Maria Thom
Nestin is expressed in immature neuroepithelial and progenitor cell types and transiently upregulated in proliferative neuroglial cells responding to acute brain injury, including following seizures. In 36 temporal lobe (TLobe) specimens from patients with TLobe epilepsy (age range 8-60 years) we studied the number, distribution and morphology of nestin-expressing cells (NEC) in the pes, hippocampus body, parahippocampal gyrus, amygdala, temporal cortex and pole compared with post mortem control tissues from 26 cases (age range 12 gestational weeks to 76 years)...
September 19, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924949/anatomic-ligament-consolidation-of-the-superior-acromioclavicular-ligament-and-the-coracoclavicular-ligament-complex-after-acute-arthroscopically-assisted-double-coracoclavicular-bundle-stabilization
#9
S Jobmann, J Buckup, C Colcuc, P P Roessler, E Zimmermann, K F Schüttler, R Hoffmann, F Welsch, T Stein
PURPOSE: The consolidation of the acromioclavicular (AC) and coracoclavicular (CC) ligament complex after arthroscopically assisted stabilization of acute acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) separation is still under consideration. METHODS: Fifty-five consecutive patients after arthroscopically assisted double-CC-bundle stabilization within 14 days after acute high-grade ACJ separation were studied prospectively. All patients were clinically analysed preoperatively (FU0) and post-operatively (FU1 = 6 months; FU2 = 12 months)...
September 18, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924588/endoscopic-pancreatic-necrosectomy-why-scuff-when-you-can-flush-the-muck-make-it-an-easy-row-to-hoe
#10
Rinkesh Kumar Bansal, Rajesh Puri, Narendra S Choudhary, Sumit Bhatia, Nisharg Patel, Saurabh K Patle, Gaurav K Patil, Amit Agarwal, Chandra Prabha, Randhir Sud
BACKGROUND AND AIMS:  Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guided drainage of symptomatic pancreatic walled-off necrosis (WON) followed by fully covered self-expanding metal stent (FCSEMS) placement offers several advantages such as higher technical success rate and the option of necrosectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of EUS guided drainage of patients with WON by using FCSEMS and intracavitary lavage with a solution containing hydrogen peroxide and adopting a step-up approach...
September 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923526/results-of-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-study-of-nabiximols-oromucosal-spray-as-adjunctive-therapy-in-advanced-cancer-patients-with-chronic-uncontrolled-pain
#11
Aron H Lichtman, Eberhard Albert Lux, Robert McQuade, Sandro Rossetti, Raymond Sanchez, Wei Sun, Stephen Wright, Elena Kornyeyeva, Marie T Fallon
CONTEXT: Prior phase 2/3 studies found that cannabinoids might provide adjunctive analgesia in advanced cancer patients with uncontrolled pain. OBJECTIVE: To assess adjunctive nabiximols (Sativex(®)), an extract of Cannabis sativa containing two potentially therapeutic cannabinoids (Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol [27 mg/mL] and cannabidiol [25mg/mL]), in advanced cancer patients with chronic pain unalleviated by optimized opioid therapy. METHODS: Phase 3, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial in patients with advanced cancer and average pain NRS scores ≥ 4 and ≤ 8 despite optimized opioid therapy...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923049/roflumilast-reverses-cftr-mediated-ion-transport-dysfunction-in-cigarette-smoke-exposed-mice
#12
S Vamsee Raju, Lawrence Rasmussen, Peter A Sloane, Li Ping Tang, Emily Falk Libby, Steven M Rowe
BACKGROUND: Dysfunction in cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) can be elicited by cigarette smoke and is observed in patients with chronic bronchitis. We have previously demonstrated in human airway epithelial cell monolayers that roflumilast, a clinically approved phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor that reduces the risk of exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients with chronic bronchitis and a history of exacerbations, activates CFTR-dependent chloride secretion via a cAMP-mediated pathway, partially restores the detrimental effects of cigarette smoke on CFTR-mediated ion transport, and increases CFTR-dependent gastrointestinal fluid secretion in isolated murine intestine segments...
September 18, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922970/use-of-synchrotron-radiation-to-accurately-assess-cross-sectional-area-reduction-of-the-aortic-branch-ostia-caused-by-suprarenal-stent-wires
#13
Zhonghua Sun, Curtise K C Ng
PURPOSE: To compare in vivo the use of synchrotron radiation to computed tomography angiography (CTA) for the measurement of cross-sectional area (CSA) reduction of the aortic branch ostia caused by suprarenal stent-graft wires. METHODS: This study was performed with a Zenith stent-graft placed in a phantom of the human aorta to simulate treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Synchrotron radiation scans were performed using beam energies between 40 and 100 keV and spatial resolution of 19...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922521/molecular-and-morphological-characterization-of-anncaliia-azovica-sp-n-microsporidia-infecting-niphargogammarus-intermedius-crustacea-amphipoda-from-the-azov-sea
#14
Yuri S Tokarev, Yuliya Y Sokolova, Aleksandra A Vasilieva, Irma V Issi
Five out of one hundred adults of Niphargogammarus intermedius caught at the Azov sea shore were found to be infected with microsporidia. The infection was found in the subcuticular fat body and myocytes. Parasites developed in direct contact with host cells, displayed a disporoblastic sporogony and diplokaryotic arrangement of nuclei at all stages. Spores were oval, 4.6-5.8x2.6-3.0 μm. Exospore appendages, vesicular-tubular secretions and the anisofilar polar filament indicated a similarity to Anncaliia species...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921912/fate-of-worn-out-functional-teeth-in-the-upper-jaw-dentition-of-sicyopterus-japonicus-gobioidei-sicydiinae-during-tooth-replacement
#15
Noriyuki Sahara, Keita Moriyama, Midori Iida, Shun Watanabe
Mochizuki and Fukui (1983) studied the development and replacement of the upper jaw teeth in a Japanese fish species, Sicyopterus japonicus (Gobioidei: Sicydiinae), and they reported that worn-out functional teeth in the upper jaw were not shed outside the skin but were taken into the soft tissue of the upper jaw and completely resorbed there. To date, however, this phenomenon appears poorly documented. Furthermore, the mechanism for the resorption of these teeth remains to be determined. In the present study, we examined this phenomenon by using 3D micro-computed tomography (m-CT), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and various techniques of light (LM) and electron (EM) microcopy...
September 16, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921808/long-term-agricultural-management-does-not-alter-the-evolution-of-a-soybean-rhizobium-mutualism
#16
Jennifer E Schmidt, Dylan J Weese, Jennifer A Lau
Leguminous crops, like soybeans, often rely on biologically fixed nitrogen via their symbiosis with rhizobia rather than synthetic nitrogen inputs. However, agricultural management practices may influence the effectiveness of biological nitrogen fixation. While the ecological effects of agricultural management on rhizobia have received some attention, the evolutionary effects have been neglected in comparison. Resource mutualism theory predicts that evolutionary effects are likely, however. Both fertilization and tillage are predicted to cause the evolution of rhizobia that provide fewer growth benefits to plant hosts and fix less nitrogen...
September 16, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920550/sit-to-stand-activity-during-stroke-rehabilitation
#17
Andy Kerr, Jesse Dawson, Chris Robertson, Philip Rowe, Terence J Quinn
Objectives The sit to stand (STS) movement is key to independence and commonly affected by stroke. Repetitive practice is likely to improve STS ability during rehabilitation, however current practice levels are unknown. The objective of this study was simply to count the number of STS movements performed during the rehabilitation period of stroke patients using a physical activity monitor (PAM) and test whether being observed altered outcome. Methods Participants were medically stable patients referred for rehabilitation following stroke...
September 18, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919358/perfused-human-hepatocyte-microtissues-identify-reactive-metabolite-forming-and-mitochondria-perturbing-hepatotoxins
#18
Cliff Rowe, Mohsen Shaeri, Emma Large, Terri Cornforth, Angela Robinson, Tomasz Kostrzewski, Rowena Sison-Young, Christopher Goldring, Kevin Park, David Hughes
Hepatotoxins cause liver damage via many mechanisms but the formation of reactive metabolites and/or damage to liver mitochondria are commonly implicated. We assess 3D human primary hepatocyte microtissues as a platform for hepatotoxicity studies with reactive metabolite-forming and mitochondria-perturbing compounds. We show that microtissues formed from cryopreserved human hepatocytes had bile canaliculi, transcribed mRNA from genes associated with xenobiotic metabolism and expressed functional cytochrome P450 enzymes...
September 15, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918697/einstein-and-twentieth-century-politics-a-salutary-moral-influence
#19
David E Rowe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Annals of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918438/no-difference-in-outcome-for-open-versus-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-a-prospective-comparative-trial
#20
Xavier Bayle, Thuy-Trang Pham, Marie Faruch, Aurelie Gobet, Pierre Mansat, Nicolas Bonnevialle
PURPOSE: Arthroscopic techniques tend to become the gold standard in rotator cuff repair. However, little data are reported in the literature regarding the improvement of postoperative outcomes and re-tear rate relative to conventional open surgery. The aim of this study was to compare clinical outcomes and cuff integrity after arthroscopic versus open cuff repair. METHODS: We prospectively assessed clinical outcomes and cuff integrity after an arthroscopic or open rotator cuff repair with a minimum follow-up of 12 months...
September 16, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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