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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779161/empowering-lay-counsellors-with-technology-masivukeni-a-standardized-multimedia-counselling-support-tool-to-deliver-art-counselling
#1
H Gouse, R N Robbins, C A Mellins, A Kingon, J Rowe, M Henry, R H Remien, A Pearson, F Victor, J A Joska
Lay-counsellors in resource-limited settings convey critical HIV- and ART-information, and face challenges including limited training and variable application of counselling. This study explored lay-counsellors and Department of Health (DoH) perspectives on the utility of a multimedia adherence counselling program. Masivukeni, an mHealth application that provides scaffolding for delivering standardized ART counselling was used in a 3-year randomized control trail at two primary health care clinics in Cape Town, South Africa...
May 19, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779157/3d-ct-of-renal-pathology-initial-experience-with-cinematic-rendering
#2
REVIEW
Steven P Rowe, Alexa R Meyer, Michael A Gorin, Pamela T Johnson, Elliot K Fishman
3D computed tomography (CT) visualizations of volumetric data have become an important aspect of diagnostic imaging. The utility of 3D CT has been well described for the imaging of a number of renal pathologies. Recently, a new 3D visualization technique known as cinematic rendering (CR) has become available and provides photorealistic images derived from standard CT acquisitions by use of a complex global lighting model. Herein, we describe a number of normal variant and pathologic conditions of the kidney visualized with CR...
May 19, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778687/droplets-deposition-pattern-from-a-prototype-of-a-fixed-spraying-system-in-a-sloping-vineyard
#3
Stefan Otto, Donato Loddo, Arno Schmid, Christian Roschatt, Maria Venturelli, Gerd Innerebner
In Italy high-quality vines are sometimes grown in small fields with slope steeper than 5-10%, where an air-blast sprayer is impractical so spray-gun application of pesticides is used, a technique that is very costly and labour intensive, and that causes high pesticide exposure of the operators. A possible alternative is the use of a fixed spraying system, and the first researches are in progress in Italy. A fixed spraying system prototype was built in a vineyard at Laimburg Research Centre with an upper line with micro-sprinkler and a lower line with cooler-type nozzles, and a trial was performed with the aim of measuring the deposition pattern of droplets on the row and between rows with water sensitive papers, also in comparison with a precise low-drift air-blast sprayer...
May 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777557/are-stable-isotope-ratios-and-oscillations-consistent-in-all-baleen-plates-along-the-filtering-apparatus-validation-of-an-increasingly-used-methodology
#4
Raquel García-Vernet, Pol Sant, Gísli Víkingsson, Asunción Borrell, Alex Aguilar
RATIONALE: Baleen plates are anatomical structures composed of inert tissue that hang from the upper jaw in mysticetes. Baleen plates may differ in size and in coloration between different segments of the filtering row or between sides of the mouth. Concern has been raised that variation in baleen plate characteristics may reflect dissimilar structural composition and growth rates liable of affecting the stable isotope ratios and their oscillation patterns. METHODS: We measured stable carbon (δ13 C values) and nitrogen (δ15 N values) isotope ratios at intervals of one centimeter along the longitudinal axis of six baleen plates collected from different positions along the mouth of a fin whale...
May 18, 2018: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776898/implementing-internet-based-self-care-programs-in-primary-care-qualitative-analysis-of-determinants-of-practice-for-patients-and-providers
#5
Eric Hermes, Laura Burrone, Elliottnell Perez, Steve Martino, Michael Rowe
BACKGROUND: Access to evidence-based interventions for common mental health conditions is limited due to geographic distance, scheduling, stigma, and provider availability. Internet-based self-care programs may mitigate these barriers. However, little is known about internet-based self-care program implementation in US health care systems. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify determinants of practice for internet-based self-care program use in primary care by eliciting provider and administrator perspectives on internet-based self-care program implementation...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776058/phase-transitions-in-a-system-of-hard-y-shaped-particles-on-the-triangular-lattice
#6
Dipanjan Mandal, Trisha Nath, R Rajesh
We study the different phases and the phase transitions in a system of Y-shaped particles, examples of which include immunoglobulin-G and trinaphthylene molecules, on a triangular lattice interacting exclusively through excluded volume interactions. Each particle consists of a central site and three of its six nearest neighbors chosen alternately, such that there are two types of particles which are mirror images of each other. We study the equilibrium properties of the system using grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations that implement an algorithm with cluster moves that is able to equilibrate the system at densities close to full packing...
March 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775563/anolis-carolinensis-as-a-model-to-understand-molecular-and-cellular-basis-of-foveal-development
#7
Naif S Sannan, Xianghong Shan, Kevin Gregory-Evans, Kenro Kusumi, Cheryl Y Gregory-Evans
The fovea is an anatomical specialization of the central retina containing closely packed cone-photoreceptors providing an area of high acuity vision in humans and primates. Despite its key role in the clarity of vision, little is known about the molecular and cellular basis of foveal development, due to the absence of a foveal structure in commonly used laboratory animal models. Of the amniotes the retina in birds of prey and some reptiles do exhibit a typical foveal structure, but they have not been studied in the context of foveal development due to lack of availability of embryonic tissue, lack of captive breeding programs, and limited genomic information...
May 15, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775434/births-final-data-for-2016
#8
Joyce A Martin, Brady E Hamilton, Michelle J K Osterman, Anne K Driscoll, Patrick Drake
This report presents 2016 data on U.S. births according to a wide variety of characteristics. Trends in fertility patterns and maternal and infant characteristics are described and interpreted.Descriptive tabulations of data reported on the birth certificates of the 3.95 million births that occurred in 2016 are presented. Data are presented for maternal age, live-birth order, race and Hispanic origin, marital status, tobacco use, prenatal care, source of payment for the delivery, method of delivery, gestational age, birthweight, and plurality...
January 2018: National Vital Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774358/successful-ageing-in-singapore-prevalence-and-correlates-from-a-national-survey-of-older-adults
#9
Mythily Subramaniam, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi A Vaingankar, Rajeswari Sambasivam, Esmond Seow, Louisa Picco, Hong Choon Chua, Rathi Mahendran, Li Ling Ng, Siow Ann Chong
INTRODUCTION: The current study aimed to estimate the overall prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of successful ageing, as defined by Rowe and Kahn, among a national sample of multiethnic adults aged 60 years and older in Singapore. METHODS: Data from older adults who participated in the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly study were analysed in the present study. Successful ageing included five indicators: no major diseases; no disability; high cognitive functioning; high physical functioning; and active engagement with life...
May 18, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774326/first-identification-of-unstable-phosphino-formic-acid-h-2-pcooh
#10
Cheng Zhu, Robert Frigge, Andrew M Turner, Ralf I Kaiser, Bing-Jian Sun, Si-Ying Chen, Agnes H H Chang
The hitherto elusive phosphino formic acid molecule (H2PCOOH) was detected for the first time in the gas phase. Theoretical calculations revealed an unexpected kinetic stability of H2PCOOH compared to the isovalent carbamic acid (H2NCOOH) although the replacement of a single nitrogen atom by phosphorus decreases the bond order from a partial double (-C[double bond, length as m-dash]N-) to a single (-C-P-) bond. This work provides a fundamental framework to explore the synthesis and stability of derivatives of carbonic acid (H2CO3), in which one or both hydroxyl groups (OH) are replaced by hydride moieties involving third row atoms...
May 18, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773763/initial-experience-with-endoscopic-sleeve-gastroplasty-in-poland
#11
Aleksander Sowier, Przemysław Pyda, Anna-Maria Borucka, Sebastian Sowier, Jacek Białecki, Joanna Kapturzak, Stanisław Wójtowicz
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is becoming one of the major public health problems. Bariatric procedures are considered the most effective methods of treating this condition but they are costly and entail a high risk of complications. Thus, there is a need to look for better bariatric treatment solutions. One of the newest, highly promising bariatric methods is endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG), which is comparably effective to other bariatric procedures in terms of weight loss but at the same time it is much less invasive...
April 30, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773110/sperm-morphology-of-the-rattini-are-the-interspecific-differences-due-to-variation-in-intensity-of-intermale-sperm-competition
#12
Tessa Pahl, Hanna J McLennan, Yun Wang, Anang S Achmadi, Kevin C Rowe, Ken Aplin, William G Breed
It is widely accepted that in mammals a causal relationship exists between postcopulatory sexual selection and relative testes mass of the species concerned, but how much it determines sperm size and shape is debatable. Here we detailed for the largest murine rodent tribe, the Rattini, the interspecific differences in relative testes mass and sperm form. We found that residual testes mass correlates with sperm head apical hook length as well as its angle, together with tail length, and that within several lineages a few species have evolved highly divergent sperm morphology with a reduced or absent apical hook and shorter tail...
May 18, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771106/nickel-cobalt-thiospinel-nanoparticles-as-hydrodesulfurization-catalysts-the-importance-of-cation-position-structural-stability-and-sulfur-vacancy
#13
Kun Guo, Yi Ding, Jun Luo, Zhixin Yu
First-row transition metal based thiospinels are prepared via a one-pot versatile strategy and for the first time investigated as hydrodesulfurization (HDS) catalysts. XRD, TEM and XPS analysis confirm that these thiospinels consist of agglomerated nanoparticles (NPs) and contain multivalent metal cations. Among the sulfides synthesized at 230 °C, NiCo2S4 presents the highest thiophene conversion. This high intrinsic activity is found to be correlated with the normal spinel structure with Ni cations located on the tetrahedral sites and Co cations on the octahedral sites...
May 17, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768096/lower-extremity-muscle-function-of-front-row-rugby-union-scrummaging
#14
Mostafa Yaghoubi, Sally D Lark, Wyatt H Page, Philip W Fink, Sarah P Shultz
A rugby scrum's front row must act uniformly to transfer maximal horizontal force and improve performance. This study investigated the muscle activation patterns of lower extremity muscles in front row forwards during live and machine scrums at professional and amateur levels. Electromyography was collected bilaterally on vastus lateralis, rectus femoris and gastrocnemius muscles of 75 male rugby prop players during live and machine scrums. ANOVAs compared muscle reaction time, rate of change in muscle amplitude and muscle amplitude between groups and conditions...
May 16, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767308/differentiating-pseudoprogression-from-true-progression-analysis-of-radiographic-biologic-and-clinical-clues-in-gbm
#15
Lindsay S Rowe, John A Butman, Megan Mackey, Joanna H Shih, Theresa Cooley-Zgela, Holly Ning, Mark R Gilbert, DeeDee K Smart, Kevin Camphausen, Andra V Krauze
INTRODUCTION: Pseudoprogression (PsP) is a diagnostic dilemma in glioblastoma (GBM) after chemoradiotherapy (CRT). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features may fail to distinguish PsP from early true progression (eTP), however clinical findings may aid in their distinction. METHODS: Sixty-seven patients received CRT for GBM between 2003 and 2016, and had pre- and post-treatment imaging suitable for retrospective evaluation using RANO criteria. Patients with signs of progression within the first 12-weeks post-radiation (P-12) were selected...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766443/the-impact-of-mdct-and-endoscopic-transpapillary-mapping-biopsy-to-predict-longitudinal-spread-of-extrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma
#16
Kyoji Ito, Yoshihiro Sakamoto, Hiroyuki Isayama, Yosuke Nakai, Takeyuki Watadani, Mariko Tanaka, Tetsuo Ushiku, Nobuhisa Akamatsu, Junichi Kaneko, Junichi Arita, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Norihiro Kokudo
BACKGROUNDS: We aimed to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT), mapping biopsy, and other imaging modalities to predict the longitudinal extension and depth of invasion of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma at possible surgical ductal margins. METHODS: Of 102 patients with surgical resection of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma between January 2010 and October 2015, 32 evaluated by multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) performed before biliary drainage and mapping biopsy were enrolled...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766425/distribution-of-linear-alkylbenzenes-as-a-domestic-sewage-molecular-marker-in-surface-sediments-of-international-anzali-wetland-in-the-southwest-of-the-caspian-sea-iran
#17
Alireza Riyahi Bakhtiari, Islam Javedankherad, Jahangard Mohammadi, Roholla Taghizadeh
Due to directly receiving high volume of untreated urban and industrial sewage and in turn transferring the pollutants to fish and back to humans, the International Anzali Wetland has been considered to be urgently registered in the Montreux Record. Hence, the present study was aimed to determine the spatial distribution of the linear alkylbenzenes (LABs) in surface sediments of the wetland and its sewage contamination situation. The surface sediments (sampling stations = 167) were collected from the western, eastern, southwest, and central regions of the wetland...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766169/a-new-anthraquinoid-ligand-for-the-iron-catalyzed-hydrosilylation-of-carbonyl-compounds-at-room-temperature-new-insights-and-kinetics
#18
Álvaro Raya-Barón, Carmen P Galdeano-Ruano, Pascual Oña-Burgos, Antonio Rodríguez-Diéguez, Robert Langer, Rosalía López-Ruiz, Roberto Romero-González, Istemi Kuzu, Ignacio Fernández
The reaction of 1-((2-(pyridin-2-yl)ethyl)amino)anthraquinone with either Fe(HMDS)2 or Li(HMDS)/FeCl2 allowed the preparation of a new anthraquinoid-based iron(ii) complex active in the hydrosilylations of carbonyls. The new complex Fe(2)2 was characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, NMR, and high resolution mass spectrometry (electrospray ionization). Superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometry established no spin crossover behavior with an S = 2 state at room temperature...
May 16, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764320/in-key-victory-for-death-penalty-opponents-supreme-court-sides-with-death-row-inmate-mcwilliams-v-dunn-1
#19
Marisa Bartolotta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: American Journal of Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763339/the-v-shaped-distal-triceps-tendon-repair-a-comparative-biomechanical-analysis
#20
Bastian Scheiderer, Florian B Imhoff, Daichi Morikawa, Lucca Lacheta, Elifho Obopilwe, Mark P Cote, Andreas B Imhoff, Augustus D Mazzocca, Sebastian Siebenlist
BACKGROUND: Restoring footprint anatomy, minimizing gap formation, and maximizing the strength of distal triceps tendon repairs are essential factors for a successful healing process and return to sport. HYPOTHESIS: The novel V-shaped distal triceps tendon repair technique with unicortical button fixation closely restores footprint anatomy, provides minimal gap formation and high ultimate failure load, and minimizes iatrogenic fracture risk in acute/subacute distal triceps tendon tears...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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