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heat stress plant

Jayanti Jodder, Rohit Das, Deepti Sarkar, Payel Bhattacharjee, Pallob Kundu
Besides their definite role in plant developmental processes miR167 also serve as mediator of stress response. Although differential expression of miR167 occurs during stresses, the regulatory-mechanism of biogenesis remained elusive. Therefore, using tomato as the model plant we have explored the mechanism of regulation of miR167a expression during stresses. Fungus or virus infections and exposure to cold stress raised the level of miR167a expression. Whereas, salt, drought and heat treatments resulted in the downregulation, indicating different stresses activated alternative mechanisms for miR167a regulation...
October 12, 2017: RNA Biology
Dew Kumari Sharma, Anna Maria Torp, Eva Rosenqvist, Carl-Otto Ottosen, Sven B Andersen
Despite the fact that Fv/Fm (maximum quantum efficiency of photosystem II) is the most widely used parameter for a rapid non-destructive measure of stress detection in plants, there are barely any studies on the genetic understanding of this trait under heat stress. Our aim was to identify quantitative trait locus (QTL) and the potential candidate genes linked to Fv/Fm for improved photosynthesis under heat stress in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Three bi-parental F2 mapping populations were generated by crossing three heat tolerant male parents (origin: Afghanistan and Pakistan) selected for high Fv/Fm with a common heat susceptible female parent (origin: Germany) selected for lowest Fv/Fm out of a pool of 1274 wheat cultivars of diverse geographic origin...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Yunxie Wei, Guoyin Liu, Yujing Bai, Feiyu Xia, Chaozu He, Haitao Shi
Similar to the situation in animals, melatonin biosynthesis is regulated by four sequential enzymatic steps in plants. Although the melatonin synthesis genes have been identified in various plants, the upstream transcription factors of them remain unknown. In this study on cassava (Manihot esculenta), we found that MeWRKY79 and heat-shock transcription factor 20 (MeHsf20) targeted the W-box and the heat-stress elements (HSEs) in the promoter of N-acetylserotonin O-methyltransferase 2 (MeASMT2), respectively...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
Brent R Stockwell, José Pedro Friedmann Angeli, Hülya Bayir, Ashley I Bush, Marcus Conrad, Scott J Dixon, Simone Fulda, Sergio Gascón, Stavroula K Hatzios, Valerian E Kagan, Kay Noel, Xuejun Jiang, Andreas Linkermann, Maureen E Murphy, Michael Overholtzer, Atsushi Oyagi, Gabriela C Pagnussat, Jason Park, Qitao Ran, Craig S Rosenfeld, Konstantin Salnikow, Daolin Tang, Frank M Torti, Suzy V Torti, Shinya Toyokuni, K A Woerpel, Donna D Zhang
Ferroptosis is a form of regulated cell death characterized by the iron-dependent accumulation of lipid hydroperoxides to lethal levels. Emerging evidence suggests that ferroptosis represents an ancient vulnerability caused by the incorporation of polyunsaturated fatty acids into cellular membranes, and cells have developed complex systems that exploit and defend against this vulnerability in different contexts. The sensitivity to ferroptosis is tightly linked to numerous biological processes, including amino acid, iron, and polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism, and the biosynthesis of glutathione, phospholipids, NADPH, and coenzyme Q10...
October 5, 2017: Cell
Ullah Najeeb, Muhammad Sarwar, Brian J Atwell, Michael P Bange, Daniel K Y Tan
We investigated the role of ethylene in the response of cotton to high temperature using cotton genotypes with genetically interrupted ethylene metabolism. In the first experiment, Sicot 71BRF and 5B (a lintless variant with compromised ethylene metabolism) were exposed to 45°C, either by instantaneous heat shock or by ramping temperatures by 3°C daily for 1 week. One day prior to the start of heat treatment, half the plants were sprayed with 0.8 mM of the ethylene synthesis inhibitor, aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Joo Yong Kim, Jong Tae Song, Hak Soo Seo
Sumoylation regulates numerous cellular functions in plants as well as in other eukaryotic systems. However, the regulatory mechanisms controlling E3 small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) ligase are not well understood. Here, post-translational modification of the Arabidopsis E3 SUMO ligase AtSIZ1 was shown to be specifically controlled by abiotic stresses. AtSIZ1 ubiquitination was induced by exposure to heat stress in transgenic plants overexpressing the E3 ubiquitin ligase COP1. In addition, AtSIZ1 ubiquitination was strongly enhanced in transgenic plants overexpressing SUMO isopeptidase ESD4 under heat stress...
October 2017: FEBS Open Bio
Mingxin Guo, Shipeng Li, Shan Tian, Bei Wang, Xusheng Zhao
Wild jujube (Ziziphus acidojujuba Mill.) is highly tolerant to alkaline, saline and drought stress; however, no studies have performed transcriptome profiling to study the response of wild jujube to these and other abiotic stresses. In this study, we examined the tolerance of wild jujube to NaHCO3-NaOH solution and analyzed gene expression profiles in response to alkaline stress. Physiological experiments revealed that H2O2 content in leaves increased significantly and root activity decreased quickly during alkaline of pH 9...
2017: PloS One
Jingjin Yu, Ran Li, Ningli Fan, Zhimin Yang, Bingru Huang
Global climate changes involve elevated temperature and CO2 concentration, imposing significant impact on plant growth of various plant species. Elevated temperature exacerbates heat damages, but elevated CO2 has positive effects on promoting plant growth and heat tolerance. The objective of this study was to identify metabolic pathways affected by elevated CO2 conferring the improvement of heat tolerance in a C4 perennial grass species, bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon Pers.). Plants were planted under either ambient CO2 concentration (400 μmol⋅mol(-1)) or elevated CO2 concentration (800 μmol⋅mol(-1)) and subjected to ambient temperature (30/25°C, day/night) or heat stress (45/40°C, day/night)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Qi Wu, Xue Bai, Wei Zhao, Dabing Xiang, Yan Wan, Jun Yan, Liang Zou, Gang Zhao
Soil salinization has been a tremendous obstacle for agriculture production. The regulatory networks underlying salinity adaption in model plants have been extensively explored. However, limited understanding of the salt response mechanisms has hindered the planting and production in Fagopyrum tataricum, an economic and health-beneficial plant mainly distributing in southwest China. In this study, we performed physiological analysis and found that salt stress of 200 mM NaCl solution significantly affected the relative water content (RWC), electrolyte leakage (EL), malondialdehyde (MDA) content, peroxidase (POD) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities in tartary buckwheat seedlings...
October 3, 2017: Genes
Karen J Kloth, Jacqueline Busscher, Gerrie Wiegers, Willem Kruijer, Gonda Buijs, Rhonda Christiane Meyer, Benedicte Riber Albrectsen, Harro J Bouwmeester, Marcel Dicke, Maarten A Jongsma
The role of phloem proteins in plant resistance to aphids is still largely elusive. By genome-wide association mapping of aphid behavior on 350 natural Arabidopsis accessions, we identified the small heat shock-like SIEVE ELEMENT-LINING CHAPERONE 1 (SLI1). Detailed behavioral studies on near-isogenic and knockout lines showed that SLI1 impairs phloem feeding. Depending on the haplotype, aphids displayed a different duration of salivation in the phloem. On sli1 mutants, aphids prolonged their feeding sessions and ingested phloem at a higher rate than on wild-type plants...
September 28, 2017: Plant Cell
Pardeep Kaur, Robin, Victor O Makanjuola, Rohit Arora, Balbir Singh, Saroj Arora
Natural products are of great surge in the identification of chemopreventive agents and biologically active molecules for the development of new promising therapeutic agents. These agents influence the cascade of biochemical and molecular signalling pathways involved in numerous physiological and pathological processes. The natural agents combat the dogma associated with the most dreaded, unconquered health concern and a multigenic disease- cancer. A category of plants known as adaptogens maintain perturbed homoeostasis, augment adaptations to noxious stimuli (exposure to cold, heat, pain, general stress, infectious organisms) and offer endurance to attenuate several disorders in human beings...
September 26, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Yong Zhou, Peng He, Yaping Xu, Qiang Liu, Yingui Yang, Shiqiang Liu
As the group II LEA (late embryogenesis abundant) proteins, dehydrins (DHNs) play an important role in plant growth and development, as well as in response to abiotic or biotic stress challenges. In this study, a DHN gene named CsLEA11 was identified and characterized from Cucumis sativus. Sequence analysis of CsLEA11 showed that it is a Y3SK2-type DHN protein rich in hydrophilic amino acids. Expression analyses revealed that the transcription of CsLEA11 could be significantly induced by heat and cold stress...
September 29, 2017: AMB Express
Ramakrishna Chopperla, Sonam Singh, Sasmita Mohanty, Nanja Reddy, Jasdeep C Padaria, Amolkumar U Solanke
Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factors comprise one of the largest gene families in plants. They play a key role in almost every aspect of plant growth and development and also in biotic and abiotic stress tolerance. In this study, we report isolation and characterization of EcbZIP17, a group B bZIP transcription factor from a climate smart cereal, finger millet (Eleusine coracana L.). The genomic sequence of EcbZIP17 is 2662 bp long encompassing two exons and one intron with ORF of 1722 bp and peptide length of 573 aa...
October 2017: 3 Biotech
Santisree Parankusam, Srivani S Adimulam, Pooja Bhatnagar-Mathur, Kiran K Sharma
High temperature is one of the biggest abiotic stress challenges for agriculture. While, Nitric oxide (NO) is gaining increasing attention from plant science community due to its involvement in resistance to various plant stress conditions, its implications on heat stress tolerance is still unclear. Several lines of evidence indicate NO as a key signaling molecule in mediating various plant responses such as photosynthesis, oxidative defense, osmolyte accumulation, gene expression, and protein modifications under heat stress...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Bipin Balan, Tiziano Caruso, Federico Martinelli
Identifying key information in transcriptomic data is very important, especially when the "omic" study deals with plant responses to stresses in field conditions where a high number of variables and disturbing factors may affect the analysis. In this meta-analysis we collected 12 transcriptomic works in Malus in order to identify which key genes, proteins, gene categories are involved in general plant pathological conditions and those features linked with exclusive biotic stress responses. Those genes that are only related with molecular responses to pathogen attacks and those linked with other plant physiological processes were identified...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Julia A Kleinmanns, Nicole Schatlowski, David Heckmann, Daniel Schubert
HIGHLIGHTS The PRC2 interacting protein BLISTER likely acts downstream of PRC2 to silence Polycomb target genes and is a key regulator of specific stress responses in Arabidopsis. Polycomb group (PcG) proteins are key epigenetic regulators of development. The highly conserved Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) represses thousands of target genes by trimethylating H3K27 (H3K27me3). Plant specific PcG components and functions are largely unknown, however, we previously identified the plant-specific protein BLISTER (BLI) as a PRC2 interactor...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Weilong Kong, Shaozong Yang, Yulu Wang, Mohammed Bendahmane, Xiaopeng Fu
Aquaporins (AQPs) are essential channel proteins that execute multi-functions throughout plant growth and development, including water transport, uncharged solutes uptake, stress response, and so on. Here, we report the first genome-wide identification and characterization AQP (BvAQP) genes in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris), an important crop widely cultivated for feed, for sugar production and for bioethanol production. Twenty-eight sugar beet AQPs (BvAQPs) were identified and assigned into five subfamilies based on phylogenetic analyses: seven of plasma membrane (PIPs), eight of tonoplast (TIPs), nine of NOD26-like (NIPs), three of small basic (SIPs), and one of x-intrinsic proteins (XIPs)...
2017: PeerJ
Yongli Zhang, Hui Li, Yanyan Wang, Jiangchun Wei
Annexins are calcium-phospholipid binding proteins that play a significant role in the Ca(2+)signaling pathway. These proteins are essential for plants to effectively respond to abiotic stresses. However, their functions and mechanisms remain largely unknown in fungi. In this study, an annexin gene, Epann, was cloned from the lichenized fungus Endocarpon pusillum, a drought resistant organism. Our results showed that Epann was induced by several abiotic stresses in E. pusillum. Heterologous expression of the Epann gene enhanced the stress tolerance of Saccharomyces cerevisiae...
September 18, 2017: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
Kyoko Morimoto, Naohiko Ohama, Satoshi Kidokoro, Junya Mizoi, Fuminori Takahashi, Daisuke Todaka, Junro Mogami, Hikaru Sato, Feng Qin, June-Sik Kim, Yoichiro Fukao, Masayuki Fujiwara, Kazuo Shinozaki, Kazuko Yamaguchi-Shinozaki
DEHYDRATION-RESPONSIVE ELEMENT BINDING PROTEIN 2A (DREB2A) acts as a key transcription factor in both drought and heat stress tolerance in Arabidopsis and induces the expression of many drought- and heat stress-inducible genes. Although DREB2A expression itself is induced by stress, the posttranslational regulation of DREB2A, including protein stabilization, is required for its transcriptional activity. The deletion of a 30-aa central region of DREB2A known as the negative regulatory domain (NRD) transforms DREB2A into a stable and constitutively active form referred to as DREB2A CA...
September 18, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Aaron Chan, Carina Carianopol, Allen Yi-Lun Tsai, Kresanth Varathanajah, Rex Shun Chiu, Sonia Gazzarrini
The transcription factor FUSCA3 (FUS3) acts as a major regulator of seed maturation in Arabidopsis. FUS3 is phosphorylated by the SnRK1 catalytic subunit AKIN10/SnRK1α1, which belongs to a conserved eukaryotic kinase complex involved in energy homeostasis. Here we show that AKIN10 and FUS3 share overlapping expression patterns during embryogenesis, and that FUS3 is phosphorylated by AKIN10 in embryo cell extracts. To understand the role of FUS3 phosphorylation, we generated fus3-3 plants carrying FUS3 phosphorylation-null (FUS3S>A) and phosphorylation-mimic (FUS3S>D) variants...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
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