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Diabetes, Thyroid, Stroke

Martino Ruggieri, Agata Polizzi, Serena Strano, Carmelo Schepis, Massimiliano Morano, Giuseppe Belfiore, Stefano Palmucci, Pietro Valerio Foti, Concetta Pirrone, Vito Sofia, Emanuele David, Vincenzo Salpietro, Kshitij Mankad, Pietro Milone
BACKGROUND: Mixed vascular nevus (or nevus vascularis mixtus) represents an admixture of cutaneous vascular malformations of the telangiectatic type and angiospastic spots of nevus anemicus. It can occur as an purely cutaneous trait or as a hallmark of a neurocutaneous phenotype (mixed vascular nevus syndrome) characterised by the combination of: (I) paired vascular (telangiectatic and anemic) twin nevi and brain abnormalities of the Dyke-Davidoff-Masson type (i.e., crossed cerebral/cerebellar hemiatrophy with hypoplasia of the ipsilateral cerebral vessels and homolateral hypertrophy of the skull and sinuses (hyperpneumatisation) with contralateral hemispheric hypertrophy); or (II) paired vascular twin nevi and brain malformations of the Dyke-Davidoff-Masson type in association with systemic abnormalities consisting in facial asymmetry, skeletal anomalies (i...
October 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
S B Patten, J V A Williams, D H Lavorato, J L Wang, N Jetté, T T Sajobi, K M Fiest, A G M Bulloch
AIMS: Age and sex-related patterns of association between medical conditions and major depressive episodes (MDE) are important for understanding disease burden, anticipating clinical needs and for formulating etiological hypotheses. General population estimates are especially valuable because they are not distorted by help-seeking behaviours. However, even large population surveys often deliver inadequate precision to adequately describe such patterns. In this study, data from a set of national surveys were pooled to increase precision, supporting more precise characterisation of these associations...
October 27, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Andrés M Bur, Jason A Brant, Carolyn L Mulvey, Elizabeth A Nicolli, Robert M Brody, John P Fischer, Steven B Cannady, Jason G Newman
Importance: Unplanned hospital readmission is costly and in recent years has become a focus of health care legislation intended to reduce health care expenditures. Greater understanding of which perioperative complications are associated with hospital readmission after surgery for head and neck cancer is needed to reduce unplanned readmissions. Objective: To determine which clinical risk factors and complications are associated with 30-day unplanned readmission after surgery for malignant neoplasms of the head and neck...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Layal Chaker, Christine Baumgartner, Wendy P J den Elzen, Tinh-Hai Collet, M Arfan Ikram, Manuel R Blum, Abbas Dehghan, Christiane Drechsler, Robert N Luben, Marileen L P Portegies, Giorgio Iervasi, Marco Medici, David J Stott, Robin P Dullaart, Ian Ford, Alexandra Bremner, Anne B Newman, Christoph Wanner, José A Sgarbi, Marcus Dörr, W T Longstreth, Bruce M Psaty, Luigi Ferrucci, Rui M B Maciel, Rudi G Westendorp, J Wouter Jukema, Graziano Ceresini, Misa Imaizumi, Albert Hofman, Stephan J L Bakker, Jayne A Franklyn, Kay-Tee Khaw, Douglas C Bauer, John P Walsh, Salman Razvi, Jacobijn Gussekloo, Henry Völzke, Oscar H Franco, Anne R Cappola, Nicolas Rodondi, Robin P Peeters
CONTEXT: The currently applied reference ranges for thyroid function are under debate. Despite evidence that thyroid function within the reference range is related with several cardiovascular disorders, its association with the risk of stroke has not been evaluated previously. DESIGN AND SETTING: We identified studies through a systematic literature search and the Thyroid Studies Collaboration, a collaboration of prospective cohort studies. Studies measuring baseline TSH, free T4, and stroke outcomes were included, and we collected individual participant data from each study, including thyroid function measurements and incident all stroke (combined fatal and nonfatal) and fatal stroke...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Jing W Hughes, Jennifer A Wyckoff, Abby S Hollander, Colin P Derdeyn, Janet B McGill
CONTEXT: Moyamoya syndrome is an idiopathic brain vasculopathy characterized by stenosis of major intracranial arteries. It often presents in patients with type 1 diabetes or thyroid disease and may have an autoimmune etiology. Moyamoya-related stroke poses a diagnostic challenge as initial symptoms and deficits vary greatly from classic ischemic stroke to encephalopathy, psychiatric, or seizure disorder. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report 4 patients with type 1 diabetes and other autoimmune diseases who developed moyamoya-related stroke at a young age...
November 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Josef Finsterer, Marlies Frank
Mitochondrial disorders (MIDs) require biochemical or genetic investigations for being diagnosed. In some cases, however, the diagnosis can be suspected upon the syndromic phenotype or upon clinical presentation and family history, as in the following case. The patient was a 74-year-old male admitted for worsening of pre-existing left-sided ptosis and ophthalmoparesis after a birthday party. The history was positive for arterial hypertension, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with systolic dysfunction, diabetes-type 2, mild renal insufficiency, thyroiditis, and polyneuropathy...
October 2015: Acta Medica Iranica
András Szentkirályi, Henry Völzke, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Julianne Winkelmann, Klaus Berger
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Multimorbidity is a risk factor for incident restless legs syndrome (RLS). In this relationship, the potential role of known genetic risk loci for RLS has not been studied. Our aim was to evaluate whether carriers of specific RLS risk alleles have higher comorbidity burden than noncarriers. METHODS: The Dortmund Health Study (DHS) and the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) are two independent cohort studies in Germany based on age-stratified, random samples drawn from the respective population registers...
January 2016: Sleep
Woo Kyoung Kim, Dayeon Shin, Won O Song
BACKGROUND: Depression is a major public health problem by itself and for its comorbid conditions. We aimed to determine gender differences in the prevalence of depression and how depression is related to comorbid conditions and metabolic biomarkers. METHODS: This study included men (n=986) and women (n=1,280) aged 20-79 years who were included in the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Depression was assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
December 2015: Journal of Women's Health
Kalpalatha K Guntupalli, Dilip R Karnad, Venkata Bandi, Nicole Hall, Michael Belfort
The first of this two-part series on critical illness in pregnancy dealt with obstetric disorders. In Part II, medical conditions that commonly affect pregnant women or worsen during pregnancy are discussed. ARDS occurs more frequently in pregnancy. Strategies commonly used in nonpregnant patients, including permissive hypercapnia, limits for plateau pressure, and prone positioning, may not be acceptable, especially in late pregnancy. Genital tract infections unique to pregnancy include chorioamnionitis, group A streptococcal infection causing toxic shock syndrome, and polymicrobial infection with streptococci, staphylococci, and Clostridium perfringens causing necrotizing vulvitis or fasciitis...
November 2015: Chest
Ivy Shiue
Everyone needs emotional support at some point in life, but the needs might not always be met. The present study was aimed to investigate the prevalence of unmet needs of emotional support in adults and to identify social, environmental and health attributes in a national and population-based setting in recent years. Data was retrieved from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 2005-2008, including demographics, blood pressure readings, self-reported emotional support needs in the last 12 months, self-reported ever health conditions and urinary environmental chemical concentrations...
September 2015: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
F Jia, J Tian, F Deng, G Yang, M Long, W Cheng, B Wang, J Wu, D Liu
AIMS: The prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is high among patients with diabetes, although the relationship between SCH and diabetic vascular complications is unknown. This study aimed to determine the relationship between SCH and vascular complications in patients with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In this cross sectional study, 991 patients with Type 2 diabetes were screened for thyroid function at their admission to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University...
August 2015: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Dorte Glintborg, Katrine Hass Rubin, Mads Nybo, Bo Abrahamsen, Marianne Andersen
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increased in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), but the prevalence of other diseases is not clarified. We aimed to investigate morbidity and medicine prescriptions in PCOS. DESIGN: A National Register-based study. METHODS: Patients with PCOS (PCOS Denmark and an embedded cohort; PCOS Odense University Hospital (OUH)) and one control population. Premenopausal women with PCOS underwent clinical and biochemical examination (PCOS OUH, n=1217)...
May 2015: European Journal of Endocrinology
Pei-Lan Zhang, Yu-Xin Wang, Yan Chen, Chen-Hao Zhang, Chen-Hua Li, Zhong Dong, Hang Yin, Fang-Fang Zhang, Jin-Huan Wang
The use of intravenous thrombolytic therapy (ITT) in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients is still debated in China. We present the analysis of clinico-demographic retrospective data of 646 AIS patients that were treated by alteplase ITT at our hospital. The data collected included age, gender, education, income, drug use before disease onset, and awareness of stroke/ITT. The risk factors studied were hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, atrial fibrillation, coronary heart disease, cerebral infarction, transient ischemic attack, valvular heart disease, thyroid disease, migraine, asymptomatic carotid stenosis, family history of stroke, hyperhomocysteinemia, smoking, drinking, and gingivitis...
May 2015: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
Jeyul Yang, Joo Chul Hong, Chang Wan Oh, O-Ki Kwon, Gyojun Hwang, Jeong Eun Kim, Hyun-Seung Kang, Won-Sang Cho, Tackeun Kim, Jong Un Moon, Seong Yeol Ahn, Jun Hak Kim, Jae Seung Bang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to document the natural course of asymptomatic adult moyamoya disease (MMD) and the factors related to disease progression to aid in treatment decisions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 459 adult MMD patients (aged ≥ 20 years), 42 patients were included in this retrospective cohort study. Clinical records of adult asymptomatic MMD patients (n = 42) and follow-up data from September 2013 were reviewed to determine the factors related to disease progression...
September 2014: Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
Nikolaos A Chrysanthakopoulos, Panagiotis A Chrysanthakopoulos
AIM: The aim of the current research was to investigate whether possible associations exist between indices of clinically-defined periodontitis and several systemic medical conditions in outpatients referred to a special hospital clinic. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 3360 outpatients aged 45-65 years. Data were collected by means of an oral clinical examination and a self-administered questionnaire. Statistical analysis of the questionnaire items was done with Fisher's exact test and the logistic regression model to assess possible associations between systemic medical conditions as independent variables, and the relative frequency of periodontal pockets ≥5 mm and clinical attachment loss (CAL) of ≥6 mm as dependent variables...
February 2016: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Mufide Oncel, Aysel Kıyıcı, Serife Onen
BACKGROUND: A novel ischemia marker named ischemia modified albumin was previously considered as an early marker of myocardial ischemia, however due to recent reports, its contribution was demonstrated in different pathologies such as oxidative stress, diabetes, stroke and cancer. We aimed to investigate the relation between oxidative stress and thyroid dysfunctions determining IMA levels since IMA is closely related with increased oxidative stress. METHODS: A total of 88 individuals were participated in this study: 34 cases in hypothyroid, 27 cases in hyperthyroid and 27 cases in euthyroid group...
November 2015: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Sang-Wook Yi, Jae-Seok Hong, Heechoul Ohrr, Jee-Jeon Yi
Between 1961 and 1971, military herbicides were used by the United States and allied forces for military purposes. Agent Orange, the most-used herbicide, was a mixture of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, and contained an impurity of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Many Korean Vietnam veterans were exposed to Agent Orange during the Vietnam War. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between Agent Orange exposure and the prevalence of diseases of the endocrine, nervous, circulatory, respiratory, and digestive systems...
August 2014: Environmental Research
András Szentkirályi, Henry Völzke, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Claudia Trenkwalder, Klaus Berger
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the association between the cumulative effect of comorbidity and the risk of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in 2 population-based German cohort studies. METHODS: The Dortmund Health Study (DHS) (n = 1,312; median follow-up time: 2.1 years) and the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) (n = 4,308; median follow-up time: 5.0 years) were used for the analyses. RLS was assessed at baseline and follow-up according to the RLS minimal criteria...
June 3, 2014: Neurology
Christopher O Leonards, Harald J Schneider, Thomas G Liman, Jochen B Fiebach, Matthias Endres, Martin Ebinger
BACKGROUND: Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) concentrations are frequently altered in acute ischemic stroke patients. It is becoming increasingly apparent that various hormones in the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis may be associated with functional stroke outcome. We have previously shown that white matter hyperintensities (WMH) of presumed vascular origin are strong indicators of functional outcome. It is unclear whether an association exists between WMH and TSH. We therefore sought to determine whether TSH levels, measured in acute ischemic stroke patients, are associated with WMH and functional outcome...
January 2014: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
Jason Andrade, Paul Khairy, Dobromir Dobrev, Stanley Nattel
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia (estimated lifetime risk, 22%-26%). The aim of this article is to review the clinical epidemiological features of AF and to relate them to underlying mechanisms. Long-established risk factors for AF include aging, male sex, hypertension, valve disease, left ventricular dysfunction, obesity, and alcohol consumption. Emerging risk factors include prehypertension, increased pulse pressure, obstructive sleep apnea, high-level physical training, diastolic dysfunction, predisposing gene variants, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and congenital heart disease...
April 25, 2014: Circulation Research
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