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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452407/dietary-l-glutamine-supplementation-improves-growth-performance-gut-morphology-and-serum-biochemical-indices-of-broiler-chickens-during-necrotic-enteritis-challenge
#1
G D Xue, R Barekatain, S B Wu, M Choct, R A Swick
Necrotic enteritis (NE) causes significant economic losses in the broiler chicken industry, especially in birds raised without in-feed antibiotics. L-glutamine (Gln) is an amino acid that may compensate for metabolic losses from infection and improve the intestinal development. This study investigated the effects of dietary Gln (10 g/kg) supplementation on growth performance, intestinal lesions, jejunum morphology, and serum biochemical indices of broiler chickens during NE challenge. The study employed a factorial arrangement of treatments with factors: NE challenge, no or yes; dietary Gln inclusion, 0 g/kg in starter (S), d 0 to 10, grower (G) d 10 to 24, and finisher (F) d 24 to 35; 10 g/kg in S, G, F, or 10 g/kg in S, G only...
February 14, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452393/no-copper-supplementation-in-a-corn-soybean-basal-diet-has-no-adverse-effects-on-late-phase-laying-hens-under-normal-and-cyclic-high-temperatures
#2
W X Li, Y Q Chen, L H Zhao, Q G Ma, J Y Zhang, C Ji
Over supplementation of copper (Cu) in animal diets may cause serious pollution in soil, water and harvested crops. To minimize the potential pollution, the effects of corn-soybean basal diet with or without supplementation of 8 mg Cu/kg on laying performance, plasma biochemical metabolic indices, and antioxidant status in laying hens were evaluated under normal and cyclic high temperatures. A total of 240 Hy-Line Brown laying hens were randomly allotted to 4 treatments with 6 replicates of 10 hens per replicate according to factorial design involved in 2 temperatures [normal temperature (NT) vs...
February 14, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450959/relation-of-uric-acid-level-to-rapid-kidney-function-decline-and-development-of-kidney-disease-the-jackson-heart-study
#3
Stanford E Mwasongwe, Tibor Fülöp, Ronit Katz, Solomon K Musani, Mario Sims, Adolfo Correa, Michael F Flessner, Bessie A Young
Whether elevated uric acid (UA) is an independent risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) is not well established. The authors evaluated the relationship of UA with rapid kidney function decline (RKFD) and incident CKD among 3702 African Americans (AAs) in the Jackson Heart Study with serum UA levels measured at baseline exam (2000-2004). RKFD was defined as ≥ 30% eGFR loss and incident CKD as development of eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m 2 with a ≥ 25% decline in eGFR between baseline and exam 3 (2009-2013)...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450119/evidence-of-antidiabetic-activity-of-spirulina-fusiformis-against-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-wistar-albino-rats
#4
Jerine Peter Simon, Udhaya Lavinya Baskaran, Kadar Basha Shallauddin, Giridharan Ramalingam, Sabina Evan Prince
The aim of our study is to investigate the protective effect of Spirulina fusiformis against streptozotocin-induced diabetes in Wistar albino rats. Rats were divided into five groups: group I was normal control, group II was diabetic control (50 mg/kg b.w. of streptozotocin, i.p.), group III was Spirulina fusiformis (400 mg/kg b.w., p.o.) treated diabetic rats; group IV was Glibenclamide (0. 6 mg/kg b.w., p.o.) treated diabetic rats and group V was treated with Spirulina fusiformis (400 mg/kg b.w., p.o.) alone...
February 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448495/a-facile-hydrothermal-synthesis-of-three-dimensional-flower-like-nio-thermally-reduced-graphene-oxide-trgo-nanocomposite-for-selective-determination-of-dopamine-in-presence-of-uric-acid-and-ascorbic-acid
#5
T K Aparna, R Sivasubramanian
Three dimensional flower-like NiO-thermally reduced Graphene Oxide (trGO) nanocomposite was prepared by a simple hydrothermal method. The morphology and structure of the nanocomposite was characterized using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX), X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The electrocatalytic oxidation of Dopamine, Ascorbic Acid (AA) and Uric Acid (UA) was investigated using Cyclic Voltammetry (CV)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447438/serum-uric-acid-is-associated-with-incidence-of-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-and-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-arterial-hypertension
#6
Jun Gu, Yu-Qi Fan, Hui-Li Zhang, Jun-Feng Zhang, Chang-Qian Wang
The objective of the present study was to evaluate clinical implications of serum uric acid (UA) on the progression of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) in hypertensive patients. A total of 1009 adult patients with left ventricular hypertrophy and suspected left ventricular diastolic dysfunction were enrolled at our hospital from January 2008 to December 2011. With a median follow-up of 7.2 years, 136 (13.2%) patients developed new-onset HFpEF and 151 (15.0%) had major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs)...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447370/management-of-gout-by-uk-rheumatologists-a-british-society-for-rheumatology-national-audit
#7
Edward Roddy, Jon Packham, Karen Obrenovic, Ali Rivett, Joanna M Ledingham
Objectives: To assess the concordance of gout management by UK rheumatologists with evidence-based best-practice recommendations. Methods: Data were collected on patients newly referred to UK rheumatology out-patient departments over an 8-week period. Baseline data included demographics, method of diagnosis, clinical features, comorbidities, urate-lowering therapy (ULT), prophylaxis and blood tests. Twelve months later, the most recent serum uric acid level was collected...
February 13, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446654/hypouricaemic-effects-of-yogurt-containing-lactobacillus-gasseri-pa-3-in-patients-with-hyperuricaemia-and-or-gout-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#8
Hisashi Yamanaka, Atsuo Taniguchi, Hiroshi Tsuboi, Hiroshi Kano, Yukio Asami
PURPOSE: Lactobacillus gasseri PA-3 (PA-3) has been previously shown to decrease serum uric acid (SUA) levels in subjects with increased SUA. In this study, we investigated whether PA-3 is also capable of decreasing SUA levels in patients with hyperuricaemia and/or gout. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with hyperuricaemia and/or gout completed this study. Urate-lowering drugs were discontinued for 12 weeks (week -4 to week 8). After flushing of urate-lowering drugs for 4 weeks (week 0), patients were randomized equally to receive diets containing yogurt beverages with PA-3 or without PA-3 for a duration of 8 weeks (week 8)...
February 15, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444507/high-uric-acid-inhibits-cardiomyocyte-viability-through-the-erk-p38-pathway-via-oxidative-stress
#9
Zhi Li, Yang Shen, Yingqun Chen, Guokai Zhang, Jidong Cheng, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Clinical studies have shown that hyperuricaemia is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease. However, the molecular mechanisms of high uric acid (HUA) associated with cardiovascular disease remain poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the effect of HUA on cardiomyocytes. METHODS: We exposed H9c2 cardiomyocytes to HUA, then cell viability was determined by MTT assay, and reactive oxygen species' (ROS) production was detected by a fluorescence assay...
February 8, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441807/alterations-of-igf-1-complement-c3-and-superoxide-dismutase-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#10
Xiao Wang, Yufeng Wang, Zechuan Cai, Xiaoxia Lu, Zhenxing Li, Yun Chen, Guoliang Zu, Taoping Li
AIM: To evaluate various biomarkers of metabolism, immunity and inflammation in obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). MATERIALS & METHODS: After overnight polysomnography, blood was collected from 292 OSAHS patients or healthy volunteers. Serum content of inflammatory, immune, metabolic biomarkers were investigated. In addition, the effects of 1-month continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) were studied in moderate/severe OSAHS. RESULTS: C3, serum total complement activity, superoxide dismutase, uric acid were significantly higher in moderate/severe OSAHS than that in no/mild OSAHS...
February 14, 2018: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440704/blood-biomarkers-of-hikikomori-a-severe-social-withdrawal-syndrome
#11
Kohei Hayakawa, Takahiro A Kato, Motoki Watabe, Alan R Teo, Hideki Horikawa, Nobuki Kuwano, Norihiro Shimokawa, Mina Sato-Kasai, Hiroaki Kubo, Masahiro Ohgidani, Noriaki Sagata, Hiroyuki Toda, Masaru Tateno, Naotaka Shinfuku, Junji Kishimoto, Shigenobu Kanba
Hikikomori, a severe form of social withdrawal syndrome, is a growing social issue in Japan and internationally. The pathophysiology of hikikomori has not yet been elucidated and an effective treatment remains to be established. Recently, we revealed that avoidant personality disorder is the most common comorbidity of hikikomori. Thus, we have postulated that avoidant personality is the personality underpinning hikikomori. First, we herein show relationships between avoidant personality traits, blood biomarkers, hikikomori-related psychological features, and behavioural characteristics assessed by a trust game in non-hikikomori volunteers...
February 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440009/u-shaped-association-between-serum-uric-acid-levels-with-cardiovascular-and-all-cause-mortality-in-the-elderly-the-role-of-malnourishment
#12
Wei-Cheng Tseng, Yung-Tai Chen, Shuo-Ming Ou, Chia-Jen Shih, Der-Cherng Tarng
BACKGROUND: The link between elevated serum uric acid (SUA) levels and cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related mortality in the elderly population remains inconclusive. Nutritional status influences both SUA and CVD outcomes. Therefore, we investigated whether SUA-predicted mortality and the effect-modifying roles of malnourishment in older people. METHODS AND RESULTS: A longitudinal Taiwanese cohort including 127 771 adults 65 years and older participating in the Taipei City Elderly Health Examination Program from 2001 to 2010 were stratified by 1-mg/dL increment of SUA...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439595/serum-uric-acid-levels-and-outcome-during-admission-in-acute-ischaemic-stroke-depending-on-renal-function
#13
José Carlos Arévalo-Lorido, Juana Carretero-Gómez, Nicolás Roberto Robles
BACKGROUND: The relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and stroke is controversial. The discrepancies in the results could be due to the uneven setting of comorbidity. It is known that hyperuricaemia increases in parallel with the decline in renal function; however, there are few studies that adjust for renal disease. AIM: To investigate the relationship between SUA levels in the acute phase of ischaemic stroke according to the presence or absence of chronic kidney disease and clinical outcomes during admission...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439339/plasma-antioxidant-status-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-cognitively-intact-elderly-a-meta-analysis-of-case-control-studies
#14
Kathryn Mullan, Chris R Cardwell, Bernadette McGuinness, Jayne V Woodside, Gareth J McKay
Serum antioxidants may afford neuroprotection against Alzheimer's disease (AD) via correction of the pro-oxidative imbalance but findings reported have been inconsistent. We compared the pooled mean difference in serum levels of ten dietary antioxidants between patients with AD and cognitively intact controls from 52 studies in meta-analyses using random-effects models. Patients with AD had significantly lower plasma levels of α-carotene, β-carotene, lycopene, lutein, vitamin A, C, and E, and uric acid. No significant difference was observed for plasma levels of β-cryptoxanthin and zeaxanthin...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438436/assessment-of-coronary-vascular-function-with-cardiac-pet-in-relation-to-serum-uric-acid
#15
Seoyoung C Kim, Nishant R Shah, James R Rogers, Courtney F Bibbo, Marcelo F Di Carli, Daniel H Solomon
BACKGROUND: Elevated serum uric acid (SUA) levels have been independently associated with cardiovascular disease. Stress myocardial perfusion positron emission tomography (PET) allows for measurement of absolute myocardial blood flow (MBF) and quantification of global left ventricular coronary flow reserve (CFR). A CFR <2.0 is considered impaired coronary vascular function, and it is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. We evaluated the relationship between SUA and PET-measured markers of coronary vascular function...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437822/elevated-serum-xanthine-oxidase-activity-is-associated-with-the-development-of-type-2-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Xue Li, Xing Meng, Xiangchun Gao, Xiuyu Pang, Yanjiao Wang, Xiaoyan Wu, Xinrui Deng, Qiao Zhang, Changhao Sun, Ying Li
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate whether xanthine oxidase (XO), a key enzyme in uric acid (UA) metabolism and a major source of reactive oxygen species, plays a causal and important role in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a large prospective cohort study. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 4,412 diabetes-free adults (2,071 women and 2,341 men) aged 30-65 years at baseline in 2008 were involved. Participants were followed for incident change of glucose metabolism during an average of 4...
February 2, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437585/mr-phewas-exploring-the-causal-effect-of-sua-level-on-multiple-disease-outcomes-by-using-genetic-instruments-in-uk-biobank
#17
Xue Li, Xiangrui Meng, Athina Spiliopoulou, Maria Timofeeva, Wei-Qi Wei, Aliya Gifford, Xia Shen, Yazhou He, Tim Varley, Paul McKeigue, Ioanna Tzoulaki, Alan F Wright, Peter Joshi, Joshua C Denny, Harry Campbell, Evropi Theodoratou
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the role of serum uric acid (SUA) level in a broad spectrum of disease outcomes using data for 120 091 individuals from UK Biobank. METHODS: We performed a phenome-wide association study (PheWAS) to identify disease outcomes associated with SUA genetic risk loci. We then implemented conventional Mendelian randomisation (MR) analysis to investigate the causal relevance between SUA level and disease outcomes identified from PheWAS...
February 6, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437024/uric-acid-metabolic-syndrome-and-atherosclerosis-the-chicken-or-the-egg-which-comes-first
#18
Giovanni De Pergola, Francesca Cortese, Gaetano Termine, Giovanni Meliota, Michele Masiello, Anna Maria Cortese, Francesco Silvestris, Domenico Caccavo, Marco Matteo Ciccone
BACKGROUND: A great debate in literature exists nowadays on the role of uric acid as a marker of cardiovascular and metabolic organ damage or a risk factor for cardiovascular and metabolic disease. METHODS: to determine the relationship among serum uric acid and metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis, by mean of carotid intima media-thickness, in a cohort of 811 otherwise healthy overweight/obese subjects, without overt atherosclerosis not using any kind of drug...
February 11, 2018: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436658/effect-of-garlic-on-rats-with-chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-combined-with-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Yinglan Peng, Ke Hu
The present study investigated the effect of garlic (G) on serum, liver, renal and cerebral parameters of rats with chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) combined with diabetes mellitus (DM). A total of 32 rats were divided into eight groups, with 4 rats/group. A total of three models were established, including CIH, DM and CIH‑DM, and an additional healthy control (C) group. Rats in C‑G, CIH‑G, DM‑G and CIH‑DM‑G groups were injected with a G extract daily. Serum, liver, renal and cerebral parameters were detected...
February 7, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436520/insulin-resistance-is-associated-with-interleukin-1%C3%AE-il-1%C3%AE-in-non-diabetic-hemodialysis-patients
#20
Xiao Bi, Honglan Ai, Qiaoming Wu, Qiang Fan, Feng Ding, Chun Hu, Wei Ding
BACKGROUND Insulin resistance (IR) and inflammation are associated with increased risk of complications in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. However, the relationship between IR and the important proinflammatory interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is unclear in CKD patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional study including 79 non-diabetic patients who received hemodialysis after the exclusion process. Homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR) and leptin adiponectin ratio (LAR) were used to evaluate IR...
February 13, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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