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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637329/health-benefits-associated-with-three-helping-behaviors-evidence-for-incident-cardiovascular-disease
#1
Jeffrey A Burr, Saehwang Han, Hyo Jung Lee, Jane L Tavares, Jan E Mutchler
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between three helping behaviors and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD; heart attack, stroke; fatal and nonfatal), with an exploration of gender differences. The study is framed within the caregiving system model. Helping others is argued to be an evolved characteristic of humans that yields beneficial health effects. Methods: Data were taken from the 2004-2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study...
June 16, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626847/injury-intense-dust-exposure-and-chronic-disease-among-survivors-of-the-world-trade-center-terrorist-attacks-of-september-11-2001
#2
Howard E Alper, Shengchao Yu, Steven D Stellman, Robert M Brackbill
BACKGROUND: The World Trade Center attack of September 11, 2001 in New York City (9/11) exposed thousands of people to intense concentrations of hazardous materials that have resulted in reports of increased levels of asthma, heart disease, diabetes, and other chronic diseases along with psychological illnesses such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Few studies have discriminated between health consequences of immediate (short-term or acute) intense exposures versus chronic residential or workplace exposures...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617849/protective-effect-of-hdl-on-nadph-oxidase-derived-super-oxide-anion-mediates-hypoxia-induced-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis
#3
Su-Ying Wen, Shanmugam Tamilselvi, Chia-Yao Shen, Cecilia Hsuan Day, Li-Chin Chun, Li-Yi Cheng, Hsiu-Chung Ou, Ray-Jade Chen, Vijaya Padma Viswanadha, Wei-Wen Kuo, Chih-Yang Huang
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death of death in Taiwan. Atherosclerosis can lead to serious problems, including heart attack, stroke, or even death. Coronary heart disease (CHD) occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries to cause the ischemic heart disease which will enhance myocardial remodeling and also induce myocardial hypoxia. High density lipoprotein (HDL) has been proposed to have cardio-protective effects. Under hypoxic conditions (1%O2 for 24hr), in H9c2 cells, reactive oxygen species (ROS) is induced which leads to cardiomyocyte apoptosis and cardiac dysfunction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616898/smoking-and-the-eye-what-qu%C3%A3-bec-teenagers-know-and-fear
#4
Julie Brûlé, Benoît Tousignant, Stéphanie Marcotte, Marie-Christelle Moreau
BACKGROUND: Although most people associate smoking with lung cancer and heart disease, few are aware of the impact of smoking on ocular health. Studies have suggested a better knowledge of this association might promote higher quit rates, particularly in teenagers. The purpose of our study was to determine the knowledge of teenagers about the effects of smoking on ocular health and the fear associated with several tobacco-related health conditions. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 180 high school students aged 14 to 17 years...
June 14, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583117/population-awareness-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-its-risk-factors-in-buea-cameroon
#5
Leopold Ndemnge Aminde, Noah Takah, Calypse Ngwasiri, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Maxime Tindong, Anastase Dzudie, J Lennert Veerman
BACKGROUND: Adequate awareness of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and their risk factors may help reduce the population's exposure to modifiable risk factors and thereby contribute to prevention and control strategies. There is limited data on knowledge among the general population in sub-Saharan Africa regarding CVD and risk factors. We aimed to assess the population awareness (and associated factors) of CVD types and risk factors in Buea, Cameroon. METHODS: This was a community-based cross-sectional study conducted in 2016 among randomly selected adults (>18 years)...
June 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559399/heterogeneity-in-early-responses-in-allhat-antihypertensive-and-lipid-lowering-treatment-to-prevent-heart-attack-trial
#6
Sanket S Dhruva, Chenxi Huang, Erica S Spatz, Andreas C Coppi, Frederick Warner, Shu-Xia Li, Haiqun Lin, Xiao Xu, Curt D Furberg, Barry R Davis, Sara L Pressel, Ronald R Coifman, Harlan M Krumholz
Randomized trials of hypertension have seldom examined heterogeneity in response to treatments over time and the implications for cardiovascular outcomes. Understanding this heterogeneity, however, is a necessary step toward personalizing antihypertensive therapy. We applied trajectory-based modeling to data on 39 763 study participants of the ALLHAT (Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial) to identify distinct patterns of systolic blood pressure (SBP) response to randomized medications during the first 6 months of the trial...
July 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531241/effect-of-statin-treatment-vs-usual-care-on-primary-cardiovascular-prevention-among-older-adults-the-allhat-llt-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Benjamin H Han, David Sutin, Jeff D Williamson, Barry R Davis, Linda B Piller, Hannah Pervin, Sara L Pressel, Caroline S Blaum
Importance: While statin therapy for primary cardiovascular prevention has been associated with reductions in cardiovascular morbidity, the effect on all-cause mortality has been variable. There is little evidence to guide the use of statins for primary prevention in adults 75 years and older. Objectives: To examine statin treatment among adults aged 65 to 74 years and 75 years and older when used for primary prevention in the Lipid-Lowering Trial (LLT) component of the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT-LLT)...
May 22, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527731/the-effect-of-activities-of-daily-living-on-the-self-care-agency-of-patients-in-a-cardiovascular-surgery-clinic
#8
Papatya Karakurt, Necla Kasimoğlu, Aybike Bahçeli, Sebahat Atalikoğlu Başkan, Burcu Ağdemir
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death globally, and nurses have a crucial role in informing cardiovascular disease patients about their diseases. The aim of the present study was to identify the effect of activities of daily living on the self-care agency of patients in a cardiovascular surgery clinic. This descriptive study was conducted between June 2014 and January 2015 with 180 patients hospitalized in the cardiovascular surgery clinic of a university hospital in the province of Erzincan in the Eastern region of Turkey...
June 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523719/cardiovascular-events-associated-with-second-line-anti-diabetes-treatments-analysis-of-real-world-korean-data
#9
K H Ha, B Kim, H Choi, D J Kim, H C Kim
AIM: To compare the risks of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality associated with sulfonylurea (SU), dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP4i) and thiazolidinedione (TZD) as add-on medications to metformin (MET) therapy in people with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We identified 40 263 individuals who used SU (n = 11 582), DPP4i (n = 26 623) or TZD (n = 2058) in addition to MET between January 2013 and June 2015 from the database of the Korean National Health Insurance, the single-payer healthcare system in South Korea...
May 19, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498599/prevalence-incidence-and-mortality-from-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-pooled-and-specific-severe-mental-illness-a-large-scale-meta-analysis-of-3-211-768-patients-and-113-383-368-controls
#10
Christoph U Correll, Marco Solmi, Nicola Veronese, Beatrice Bortolato, Stella Rosson, Paolo Santonastaso, Nita Thapa-Chhetri, Michele Fornaro, Davide Gallicchio, Enrico Collantoni, Giorgio Pigato, Angela Favaro, Francesco Monaco, Cristiano Kohler, Davy Vancampfort, Philip B Ward, Fiona Gaughran, André F Carvalho, Brendon Stubbs
People with severe mental illness (SMI) - schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder - appear at risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), but a comprehensive meta-analysis is lacking. We conducted a large-scale meta-analysis assessing the prevalence and incidence of CVD; coronary heart disease; stroke, transient ischemic attack or cerebrovascular disease; congestive heart failure; peripheral vascular disease; and CVD-related death in SMI patients (N=3,211,768) versus controls (N=113,383,368) (92 studies)...
June 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421954/poor-sleep-linked-to-increased-risk-of-heart-attack-and-stroke
#11
(no author information available yet)
Insomnia is associated with an increased risk of heart attack and stroke, according to a study in China. Researchers carried out a meta-analysis of 15 cohort studies to assess the association between insomnia symptoms and incidence or death from cardiovascular disease and stroke.
April 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403155/fruit-consumption-and-physical-activity-in-relation-to-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-among-70-000-chinese-adults-with-pre-existing-vascular-disease
#12
Xiaocao Tian, Huaidong Du, Liming Li, Derrick Bennett, Ruqin Gao, Shanpeng Li, Shaojie Wang, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Junshi Chen, Yan Gao, Min Weng, Zengchang Pang, Baofa Jiang, Zhengming Chen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the associations of fresh fruit consumption and total physical activity with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among Chinese adults who have been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease (CVD) or hypertension. METHODS: During 2004-08, the China Kadoorie Biobank study recruited 70,047 adults, aged 30-79 years, with physician-diagnosed stroke or transient ischaemic attack, ischemic heart disease, or hypertension. Information on diet and physical activity was collected using an interviewer-administered electronic questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385819/failure-of-fertility-therapy-and-subsequent-adverse-cardiovascular-events
#13
Jacob A Udell, Hong Lu, Donald A Redelmeier
BACKGROUND: Infertility may indicate an underlying predisposition toward premature cardiovascular disease, yet little is known about potential long-term cardiovascular events following fertility therapy. We investigated whether failure of fertility therapy is associated with subsequent adverse cardiovascular events. METHODS: We performed a population-based cohort analysis of women who received gonadotropin-based fertility therapy between Apr. 1, 1993, and Mar. 31, 2011, distinguishing those who subsequently gave birth and those who did not...
March 13, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374891/short-term-hypoxia-reverses-ox-ldl-induced-cd36-and-glut4-switching-metabolic-pathways-in-h9c2-cardiomyoblast-cells
#14
Yeh-Peng Chen, Hsi-Hsien Hsu, Rathinasamy Baskaran, Su-Ying Wen, Chia-Yao Shen, Cecilia-Hsuan Day, Tsung-Jung Ho, Viswanadha Vijaya Padma, Wei-Wen Kuo, Chih-Yang Huang
High levels of circulating low-density lipoproteins (LDL, plasma proteins that carry cholesterol and triglycerides) are associated with type 2 diabetes, arteriosclerosis, obesity and hyperlipidemia. In the heart, the accumulation of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) has been proposed to play a role in the development of cardiovascular disease. We obtain cholesterol from animals and animal-derived foods such as milk, eggs and cheese. In previous studies, the ratio of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) was shown to be important for our health...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371252/home-blood-pressure-monitoring-among-adults-american-heart-association-cardiovascular-health-consumer-survey-2012
#15
Carma Ayala, Xin Tong, Eunice Neeley, Rashon Lane, Karen Robb, Fleetwood Loustalot
Home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) among hypertensive adults was assessed using the 2012 American Heart Association Cardiovascular Health Consumer Survey. The prevalence of hypertension was 25.5% and 53.8% of those reported HBPM. Approximately 63% of hypertensive adults 65 years and older reported HBPM followed by 51% and 34.6% (35-64 and 18-34 years, respectively; P=.001). Those who had seen a healthcare professional within a year reported HBPM compared with those who had not (54.8% vs 32.8%, P=.047)...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367392/radiosurgical-ablation-of-the-renal-nerve-in-a-porcine-model-a-minimally-invasive-therapeutic-approach-to-treat-refractory-hypertension
#16
Nikhilesh Bhatt, Sarah A Long, Edward A Gardner, Jonathan Tay, Elena Ladich, David Chamberlain, Thomas J Fogarty, Patrick J Maguire
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is strongly associated with cardiovascular diseases such as heart failure, stroke, kidney disease, and has been correlated with an increased risk for heart attack. Current treatment regimens for hypertension are highly inadequate, with reports indicating that only 50.1% of the clinical population with the disease has their blood pressure under control. OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility of using minimally invasive radiosurgery to ablate the renal nerves as a novel treatment for refractory hypertension, and to assess the safety and efficacy of such an approach...
February 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359155/visualization-and-inhibition-of-mitochondria-nuclear-translocation-of-apoptosis-inducing-factor-by-a-graphene-oxide-dna-nanosensor
#17
Yuhui Sun, Wen Gao, Yujie Zhao, Wenhua Cao, Zhenhua Liu, Guanwei Cui, Lili Tong, Fengcai Lei, Bo Tang
High concentrations of oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) induce aberrant apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in atherosclerotic plaques. This apoptosis cannot be blocked completely by the inhibition of caspase, and it eventually potentiates plaque disruption and risk for cardiovascular disease. Given the important role of apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) in caspase-independent apoptosis, here we develop an AIF-targeting nanosensor by the assembly of graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets and dye-labeled DNA hybrid structures...
April 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346848/cardiovascular-protective-effects-and-clinical-applications-of-resveratrol
#18
REVIEW
Sanghyun Cho, Kyung Namkoong, Minji Shin, Jueun Park, Eunyeong Yang, Jinsoo Ihm, Vu Thi Thu, Hyoung Kyu Kim, Jin Han
Resveratrol is a naturally occurring phenol that is generated by plant species following injury or attack by bacterial and fungal pathogens. This compound was first described as the French Paradox in 1992. Later in 2003, resveratrol was reported to activate sirtuins in yeast cells. Recent experimental studies have found that resveratrol offers a variety of benefits that include both anticarcinogenic and anti-inflammatory effects in addition to the ability to reverse obesity, attenuate hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia, protect heart and endothelial function, and increase the life span...
April 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331015/association-between-clinically-recorded-alcohol-consumption-and-initial-presentation-of-12-cardiovascular-diseases-population-based-cohort-study-using-linked-health-records
#19
Steven Bell, Marina Daskalopoulou, Eleni Rapsomaniki, Julie George, Annie Britton, Martin Bobak, Juan P Casas, Caroline E Dale, Spiros Denaxas, Anoop D Shah, Harry Hemingway
Objectives To investigate the association between alcohol consumption and cardiovascular disease at higher resolution by examining the initial lifetime presentation of 12 cardiac, cerebrovascular, abdominal, or peripheral vascular diseases among five categories of consumption.Design Population based cohort study of linked electronic health records covering primary care, hospital admissions, and mortality in 1997-2010 (median follow-up six years).Setting CALIBER (ClinicAl research using LInked Bespoke studies and Electronic health Records)...
March 22, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325445/nonlinear-model-on-pulsatile-flow-of-blood-through-a-porous-bifurcated-arterial-stenosis-in-the-presence-of-magnetic-field-and-periodic-body-acceleration
#20
R Ponalagusamy, S Priyadharshini
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Background and Objective: The motivation of cardiovascular modeling is to understand the haemodynamic and mechanical factors in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Several investigations have been carried out by many authors to understand the flow properties of blood in modelling blood flows in the circulatory system. In the present article, the pulsatile flow of Herschel-Bulkley fluid through a bifurcated arterial stenosis in a porous medium with magnetic field and periodic body acceleration has been investigated in view of understanding the role of rheological behaviour of blood, stenotic height, bifurcation angle, magnetic field and porosity of wall in the initiation and proliferation of cardiovascular diseases...
April 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
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