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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421954/poor-sleep-linked-to-increased-risk-of-heart-attack-and-stroke
#1
(no author information available yet)
Insomnia is associated with an increased risk of heart attack and stroke, according to a study in China. Researchers carried out a meta-analysis of 15 cohort studies to assess the association between insomnia symptoms and incidence or death from cardiovascular disease and stroke.
April 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403155/fruit-consumption-and-physical-activity-in-relation-to-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-among-70-000-chinese-adults-with-pre-existing-vascular-disease
#2
Xiaocao Tian, Huaidong Du, Liming Li, Derrick Bennett, Ruqin Gao, Shanpeng Li, Shaojie Wang, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Junshi Chen, Yan Gao, Min Weng, Zengchang Pang, Baofa Jiang, Zhengming Chen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the associations of fresh fruit consumption and total physical activity with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among Chinese adults who have been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease (CVD) or hypertension. METHODS: During 2004-08, the China Kadoorie Biobank study recruited 70,047 adults, aged 30-79 years, with physician-diagnosed stroke or transient ischaemic attack, ischemic heart disease, or hypertension. Information on diet and physical activity was collected using an interviewer-administered electronic questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385819/failure-of-fertility-therapy-and-subsequent-adverse-cardiovascular-events
#3
Jacob A Udell, Hong Lu, Donald A Redelmeier
BACKGROUND: Infertility may indicate an underlying predisposition toward premature cardiovascular disease, yet little is known about potential long-term cardiovascular events following fertility therapy. We investigated whether failure of fertility therapy is associated with subsequent adverse cardiovascular events. METHODS: We performed a population-based cohort analysis of women who received gonadotropin-based fertility therapy between Apr. 1, 1993, and Mar. 31, 2011, distinguishing those who subsequently gave birth and those who did not...
March 13, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374891/short-term-hypoxia-reverses-ox-ldl-induced-cd36-and-glut4-switching-metabolic-pathways-in-h9c2-cardiomyoblast-cells
#4
Yeh-Peng Chen, Hsi-Hsien Hsu, Rathinasamy Baskaran, Su-Ying Wen, Chia-Yao Shen, Cecilia-Hsuan Day, Tsung-Jung Ho, Viswanadha Vijaya Padma, Wei-Wen Kuo, Chih-Yang Huang
High levels of circulating low-density lipoproteins (LDL, plasma proteins that carry cholesterol and triglycerides) are associated with type 2 diabetes, arteriosclerosis, obesity and hyperlipidemia. In the heart, the accumulation of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) has been proposed to play a role in the development of cardiovascular disease. We obtain cholesterol from animals and animal-derived foods such as milk, eggs and cheese. In previous studies, the ratio of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) was shown to be important for our health...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371252/home-blood-pressure-monitoring-among-adults-american-heart-association-cardiovascular-health-consumer-survey-2012
#5
Carma Ayala, Xin Tong, Eunice Neeley, Rashon Lane, Karen Robb, Fleetwood Loustalot
Home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) among hypertensive adults was assessed using the 2012 American Heart Association Cardiovascular Health Consumer Survey. The prevalence of hypertension was 25.5% and 53.8% of those reported HBPM. Approximately 63% of hypertensive adults 65 years and older reported HBPM followed by 51% and 34.6% (35-64 and 18-34 years, respectively; P=.001). Those who had seen a healthcare professional within a year reported HBPM compared with those who had not (54.8% vs 32.8%, P=.047)...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367392/radiosurgical-ablation-of-the-renal-nerve-in-a-porcine-model-a-minimally-invasive-therapeutic-approach-to-treat-refractory-hypertension
#6
Nikhilesh Bhatt, Sarah A Long, Edward A Gardner, Jonathan Tay, Elena Ladich, David Chamberlain, Thomas J Fogarty, Patrick J Maguire
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is strongly associated with cardiovascular diseases such as heart failure, stroke, kidney disease, and has been correlated with an increased risk for heart attack. Current treatment regimens for hypertension are highly inadequate, with reports indicating that only 50.1% of the clinical population with the disease has their blood pressure under control. OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility of using minimally invasive radiosurgery to ablate the renal nerves as a novel treatment for refractory hypertension, and to assess the safety and efficacy of such an approach...
February 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359155/visualization-and-inhibition-of-mitochondria-nuclear-translocation-of-apoptosis-inducing-factor-by-a-graphene-oxide-dna-nanosensor
#7
Yuhui Sun, Wen Gao, Yujie Zhao, Wenhua Cao, Zhenhua Liu, Guanwei Cui, Lili Tong, Fengcai Lei, Bo Tang
High concentrations of oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) induce aberrant apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in atherosclerotic plaques. This apoptosis cannot be blocked completely by the inhibition of caspase, and it eventually potentiates plaque disruption and risk for cardiovascular disease. Given the important role of apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) in caspase-independent apoptosis, here we develop an AIF-targeting nanosensor by the assembly of graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets and dye-labeled DNA hybrid structures...
April 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346848/cardiovascular-protective-effects-and-clinical-applications-of-resveratrol
#8
Sanghyun Cho, Kyung Namkoong, Minji Shin, Jueun Park, Eunyeong Yang, Jinsoo Ihm, Vu Thi Thu, Hyoung Kyu Kim, Jin Han
Resveratrol is a naturally occurring phenol that is generated by plant species following injury or attack by bacterial and fungal pathogens. This compound was first described as the French Paradox in 1992. Later in 2003, resveratrol was reported to activate sirtuins in yeast cells. Recent experimental studies have found that resveratrol offers a variety of benefits that include both anticarcinogenic and anti-inflammatory effects in addition to the ability to reverse obesity, attenuate hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia, protect heart and endothelial function, and increase the life span...
April 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331015/association-between-clinically-recorded-alcohol-consumption-and-initial-presentation-of-12-cardiovascular-diseases-population-based-cohort-study-using-linked-health-records
#9
Steven Bell, Marina Daskalopoulou, Eleni Rapsomaniki, Julie George, Annie Britton, Martin Bobak, Juan P Casas, Caroline E Dale, Spiros Denaxas, Anoop D Shah, Harry Hemingway
Objectives To investigate the association between alcohol consumption and cardiovascular disease at higher resolution by examining the initial lifetime presentation of 12 cardiac, cerebrovascular, abdominal, or peripheral vascular diseases among five categories of consumption.Design Population based cohort study of linked electronic health records covering primary care, hospital admissions, and mortality in 1997-2010 (median follow-up six years).Setting CALIBER (ClinicAl research using LInked Bespoke studies and Electronic health Records)...
March 22, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325445/nonlinear-model-on-pulsatile-flow-of-blood-through-a-porous-bifurcated-arterial-stenosis-in-the-presence-of-magnetic-field-and-periodic-body-acceleration
#10
R Ponalagusamy, S Priyadharshini
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Background and Objective: The motivation of cardiovascular modeling is to understand the haemodynamic and mechanical factors in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Several investigations have been carried out by many authors to understand the flow properties of blood in modelling blood flows in the circulatory system. In the present article, the pulsatile flow of Herschel-Bulkley fluid through a bifurcated arterial stenosis in a porous medium with magnetic field and periodic body acceleration has been investigated in view of understanding the role of rheological behaviour of blood, stenotic height, bifurcation angle, magnetic field and porosity of wall in the initiation and proliferation of cardiovascular diseases...
April 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290805/-the-prediction-model-of-cardiovascular-events-among-the-russian-population-methodological-aspects
#11
A V Kontsevaya, S A Shalnova, E I Suvorova, Y A Balanova, S E Evstifeeva, A E Imaeva, A V Kapustina, A D Deev, Y A Karpov, O D Ostroumova, F T Ageev, O S Blinkov, I Yu Zinchuk, K A Repekto, A Boytsov S
Modeling is the common approach for predicting not only the population health, but also the social and economic burden of disease, which is an important argument while making decisions in health care and prevention. AIM: To develop the model for predicting cardiovascular risk, applicable for the assessment of clinical and socio-economic effects of preventive and therapeutic actions at the level of the whole population or part (region, city, group of patients). MATERIAL AND METHODS: An analytical model for making decision was performed by using a Markov model consisting of Markov states and probabilities of transition from one state to another within a certain time interval...
December 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279481/high-selenium-exposure-lowers-the-odds-ratios-for-hypertension-stroke-and-myocardial-infarction-associated-with-mercury-exposure-among-inuit-in-canada
#12
Xue Feng Hu, Kristin M Eccles, Hing Man Chan
BACKGROUND: Selenium (Se) has been reported to protect against the neurotoxicity of mercury (Hg). However, the effect of Se against Hg on cardiovascular diseases remains unclear. Inuit living in the Arctic have high exposure to both Se and Hg through their marine mammal and fish rich traditional diet. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the co-exposure of Hg and Se among Inuit in Canada and to assess the associations between Hg, Se and cardiovascular health outcomes, including stroke, hypertension, and myocardial infarction (MI)...
March 6, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269993/anxiety-sensitivity-in-smokers-with-indicators-of-cardiovascular-disease
#13
Samantha G Farris, Ana M Abrantes
There is growing recognition of the importance of understanding the nature of the associations between anxiety and cardiovascular disease (CVD), although limited research has examined mechanisms that may explain the anxiety-CVD link. Anxiety sensitivity (fear of anxiety-relevant somatic sensations) is a cognitive-affective risk factor implicated in the development of anxiety psychopathology and various behavioral risk factors for CVD, although has not been examined among individuals with CVD. Adult daily smokers (n = 619; 50...
March 7, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269529/an-analytics-based-clinical-decision-support-system-for-cvd-risk-assessment-and-management
#14
Shreya Anand, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of disability and premature death throughout the world. Acute coronary events and other cardiovascular events frequently occur suddenly, and are often fatal before medical care can be given. Risk factor modification can reduce clinical events and premature death in people with established cardiovascular disease as well as in those who are at high cardiovascular risk due to one or more risk factors. In this work, India specific World Health Organization-International Society of Hypertension (WHO-ISH) guidelines has been implemented to stratify the subjects by their risk profile...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227784/an-analytics-based-clinical-decision-support-system-for-cvd-risk-assessment-and-management
#15
Shreya Anand, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy, Shreya Anand, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy, Shreya Anand, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of disability and premature death throughout the world. Acute coronary events and other cardiovascular events frequently occur suddenly, and are often fatal before medical care can be given. Risk factor modification can reduce clinical events and premature death in people with established cardiovascular disease as well as in those who are at high cardiovascular risk due to one or more risk factors. In this work, India specific World Health Organization-International Society of Hypertension (WHO-ISH) guidelines has been implemented to stratify the subjects by their risk profile...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225781/chronic-pain-depression-and-cardiovascular-disease-linked-through-a-shared-genetic-predisposition-analysis-of-a-family-based-cohort-and-twin-study
#16
Oliver van Hecke, Lynne J Hocking, Nicola Torrance, Archie Campbell, Sandosh Padmanabhan, David J Porteous, Andrew M McIntosh, Andrea V Burri, Haruka Tanaka, Frances M K Williams, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Depression and chronic pain are the two most important causes of disability (Global Burden of Disease Study 2013). They occur together more frequently than expected and both conditions have been shown to be co-morbid with cardiovascular disease. Although shared socio-demographic risk factors (e.g. gender, deprivation) might explain the co-morbidity of these three conditions, we hypothesised that these three long-term, highly prevalent conditions co-occur and may be due to shared familial risk, and/or genetic factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207342/cumulative-lifetime-marijuana-use-and-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-middle-age-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#17
Jared P Reis, Reto Auer, Michael P Bancks, David C Goff, Cora E Lewis, Mark J Pletcher, Jamal S Rana, James M Shikany, Stephen Sidney
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of marijuana in the development of incident cardiovascular and cerebrovascular outcomes. METHODS: Participants were 5113 adults aged 18 to 30 years at baseline (1985-1986) from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study, who were followed for more than 25 years. We estimated cumulative lifetime exposure to marijuana using repeated assessments collected at examinations every 2 to 5 years. The primary outcome was incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) through 2013...
April 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202069/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-morbidities-in-myanmar
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ko Ko Zaw, Nwe Nwe, Su Su Hlaing
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are now in a rising trend in South East Asia including Myanmar due to increase in major cardiovascular risk factors in both urban and rural areas, such as smoking, obesity and diabetes mellitus. It is necessary to determine CVD morbidities in Myanmar for planning of prevention and control activities for CVDs. The cross-sectional household survey was conducted in 2012 with 600 people aged 40 years and above in four townships (Kyauk-Tan, Mawlamyaing, Pathein and Pyay) and used face-to-face interview with standard questionnaire [Rose Angina Questionnaire and Questionnaire by European Cardiovascular Indicators Surveillance Set (EUROCISS) Research Group] to determine the level of reported CVD morbidities in adult population...
February 15, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196817/comparison-of-carotid-plaque-score-and-coronary-artery-calcium-score-for-predicting-cardiovascular-disease-events-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#19
Adam D Gepner, Rebekah Young, Joseph A Delaney, Matthew J Budoff, Joseph F Polak, Michael J Blaha, Wendy S Post, Erin D Michos, Joel Kaufman, James H Stein
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcium (CAC) predicts coronary heart disease (CHD) events better than carotid wall plaque presence; however, differences in the utility of CAC burden and carotid plaque burden across the spectrum of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: CVD, CHD and stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) events were evaluated prospectively in a multiethnic cohort without CVD at baseline. Carotid plaque score was determined by the number of ultrasound-detected plaques in the common, bifurcation, and internal carotid artery segments...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182567/risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-among-patients-with-sarcoidosis-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-1976-2013
#20
Patompong Ungprasert, Cynthia S Crowson, Eric L Matteson
A higher incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been observed in several chronic inflammatory diseases. However, data on sarcoidosis are limited.In this study, 345 patients with incident sarcoidosis in Olmsted County (Minnesota, USA) during 1976-2013 were identified based on comprehensive medical record review. 345 sex- and age-matched comparators were also identified from the same underlying population. Medical records were individually reviewed for CVD, including coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation, cerebrovascular accident, transient ischaemic attack, peripheral arterial disease and abdominal aortic aneurysm...
February 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
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